Title of Invention

A PROCESS FOR PRODUCING A 3-PHENOXYPROPANOL DERIVATIVES

Abstract The present invention relates to a process for producing a 3-phenoxypropanol derivative of formula (3) wherein R means as described below, which comprises reacting a compound of formula (2) wherein X represent a chlorine atom or bromine attom and R represent a 3,3-dihalo-2-propenyl group or a benzyl group optionally substituted by at least one halogen atom, with an alkali metal salt of acetic acid in the presence of aromatic hydrocarbon, and then treating the same with an alkali metal hydroxide and water. wherein the reaction is performed under a temperature of 20oC to 120oC.
Full Text The present invention relates to production methods of 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-l-substituted-benzenes and 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-acetyloxypropoxy)-l-substituted-benzenes.
Background Arts
In USP-5,827,137 and USP-5,922,880, 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-l-substituted"benzenes are described as intermediates for producing a kind of dihalopropene compounds having insecticidal/acaricidal activity. Further, described is a production method of the 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-l-substituted-benzenes by making a 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-bromopropoxy)-l-substituted-benzene compound react with benzoic acid and potassium carbonate in the presence of N,N-dimethylformamide to give a 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-benzoyloxypropoxy)-l-substituted-benzene compound and then allowing the product to be hydrolyzed in said publications.
However, the first step that is the reaction of the 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-bromopropoxy)-l-substituted-benzene compound with benzoic acid and potassium carbonate needs N,N-dimethylformamide, which is desired to avoid the use of a large amount in an industrial production, as a solvent, (cf. USP-5,922,880, col. 107) On the other hand, when said reaction is carried out in an aromatic hydrocarbon which is available in an industrial production, it needs a large amount of the solvent because the solubility of the obtained 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-benzoyloxypropoxy)-l-substituted-benzene compound in the aromatic hydrocarbon is low. Therefore, it is not beneficial in an industrial production.
The object of the present invention is to provide industrially advantageous methods for producing 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-l-

substituted-benzenes which are useful as intermediates for producing an insecticidal/acaricidal compounds and for producing 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-acetyloxypropoxy)-l-substituted-benzenes which are their precursors.
Summary of the Invention
The advantageous method for producing 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-l-substituted-benzenes in an industrial production was studied and found that 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-acetyloxypropoxy)"l-substituted-benzenes can be produced by making 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-halopropoxy)-l-substituted-benzenes react with an alkali metal salt of acetic acid in the presence of an aromatic hydrocarbon and that the 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-acetyloxypropoxy)-l-substituted-benzenes can be lead to 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-l-substituted-benzenes. The method does not need N,N-dimethylformamide as a solvent or a large amount of solvent.
Namely, the present invention provides a production method of an ester compound given by formula (l):

wherein R represents a 3,3-dihakr2-propenyl group or a benzyl group
optionally substituted by halogen atom(s),
which comprises making a compound given by formula (2):

wherein X represents a chlorine atom or bromine atom and R means as described below
react with an alkali metal salt of acetic acid in the presence of an aromatic hydrocarbon (hereinafter, referred to as the production method 1 of the

present invention).
The present invention also provides a production method of a 3-phenoxypropanol compound given by formula (3):

wherein R means as defined below,
which comprises making a compound given by formula (2):

wherein X represents a chlorine atom or bromine atom and R represents a 3,3-dihalo-propenyl group or a benzyl group optionally substituted by halogen atom(s),
react with an alkali metal salt of acetic acid in the presence of an aromatic hydrocarbon, and then making the product react with an alkali metal hydroxide and water (hereinafter, referred to as the production method 2 of the present invention, further the combination of the method 1 of the present invention together with the method 2 of the present invention is referred to as the production methods of the present invention).
Furthermore, the present invention provides an ester compound

wherein R represents a 3,3dihalo-propenyl group or a benzyl group optionally substituted by halogen atom(s).
The ester compounds given by formula (l) are hydrolyzed in alkali water to give the 3-phenox}-propanol compounds given by formula (3)

those are useful as intermediates for producing the above-mentioned insecticidal/acaricidal compounds.
Detailed Description of the Invention
In the present invention, examples of the 3,3-dihalo-propenyl group include 3,3-dichloro-2-propenyl group and 3,3-dibromo-2-propenyl group. The benzyl group optionally substituted by halogen atom(s) is exemplified by a benzyl groups whose hydrogen atom(s) on its benzene ring may be substituted by at least one halogen atom, and the typical examples are benzyl group and 4-chlorobenzyl group.
The production method 1 of the present invention is explained at first.
The production method 1 of the present invention is characterized by making the compound given by formula (2) react with an alkali metal salt of acetic acid in the presence of an aromatic hydrocarbon.
Examples of the aromatic hydrocarbon used for the reaction include toluene, xylene, mesitylene and ethylbenzene. The amount of the aromatic hydrocarbon used for the reaction is usually in the range of 0.1 to 10 parts by weight based on 1 part by weight of the compound given by formula (2), preferably 0.1 to 1 part by weight, more preferably 0.1 to 0.25 part by weight, and furthermore preferably 0.1 to 0.2 part by weight based on 1 part by weight of the compound given by formula (2) in the view of the reaction rate.
Examples of the alkali metal salt of acetic acid used for the reaction include sodium acetate and potassium acetate. The alkali metal salt of acetic acid can also be prepared by mixing acetic acid with an alkali metal hydroxide in the reaction mixture. The amount of the alkali metal salt of acetic acid used for the reaction is usually in the range of is usually in the ratio of 1 to 2 mols based on 1 mol of the compound given by formula (2), preferably 1.3 mols or more in the view of the reaction rate, and preferably

1.7 mols or less in the view of the economical reason.
It is preferable that the reaction is carried out in the presence of a phase transfer catalyst in the view of the yield. In such cases, examples of the phase transfer catalysts used for the reaction include tertiary ammonium salts such as tetra-n-butylammonium bromide, tetra-n-butylammonium chloride and so on. The amount of the phase transfer catalyst used for the reaction is usually in the ratio of 0.01 to 0.1 mol based on 1 mol of the compound given by formula (2).
The reaction temperature is usually in the range of 20 to 120ºC. Among them, it is preferably 100ºC or more in the view of the reaction rate.
The reaction can be, for example, carried out by mixing the compound given by formula (2) with the aromatic hydrocarbon, adding the alkali metal salt of acetic acid and optionally the phase transfer catalyst thereto, and stirring. In that case, the alkali metal salt of acetic acid can be added at once or portionwise. The reaction can also be carried out by adding acetic acid and an alkali metal hydroxide to a mixture of the compound given by formula (2) and the aromatic hydrocarbon, and stirring.
The proceeding status of the reaction can be confirmed by means for analyzing the reaction product such as high performance liquid chromatography and the like.
After the reaction, the ester compound given by formula (l) can be isolated by work-up procedures, for example, obtaining an organic layer by water-organic solvent phase separation of the reaction mixture, and concentrating the organic layer.
Further, the reaction mixture can be provided for the next steps without performing the work-up procedures.
Next, the production method 2 of the present invention is explained below.
The production method 2 of the present invention is characterized

by making the compound given by formula (2) react with an alkali salt of acetic acid in the presence of an aromatic hydrocarbon, followed by making the product react with an alkali metal hydroxide and water.
Namely, the method 2 of the present invention comprises the first step of making the compound given by formula (2) react with an alkali salt of acetic acid in the presence of an aromatic hydrocarbon solvent, and the second step of making the product in the first step react with an alkali metal hydroxide and water.
The reaction of the first step in the production method 2 of the present invention can be performed in the same condition as the production method 1 of the present invention. After the reaction of the first step, work" up procedures are performed to be isolated the ester compound given by formula (l). The isolated ester compound given by formula (1) can be provided for the second step. Further, the reaction mixture in the first step can also be provided to the second step without the work-up procedures.
The reaction of second step is usually performed in the presence of a solvent or in the absence of a solvent.
Examples of the solvent used for the reaction include aromatic hydrocarbons such as toluene, xylene, mesitylene, ethylbenzene and so on; alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, propanol and so on and mixtures thereof.
Examples of the alkali metal hydroxide used for the reaction include sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide. The amount of the alkali metal hydroxide used for the reaction is usually 1 to 1.25 mols based on 1 mol of the ester compound given by formula (l), or is usually 1 to 1.25 mols based on 1 mol of the ester compound given by formula (2) in case that the second step is carried out without isolating the product after the first step.
The amount of water used for the reaction is usually 1 or more mols based on 1 mol of the ester compound given by formula (1), or is usually 1 or

more mols based on 1 mol of the ester compound given by formula (2) in case that the second step is carried out without isolating the product after the first step.
In the reaction, it is preferable that an alcohol (e.g. methanol, ethanol, propanol) is further added in an amount of 0.3 part by weight or more based on 1 part by weight of the ester compound given by formula (1l), or 0.3 part by weight or more based on 1 part by weight of the ester compound given by formula (2) in case that the second step is carried out without isolating the product after the first step, in the view of the reaction rate.
The reaction temperature is usually in the range of 0 to 40°C, and the reaction period is usually in the range of 0.5 to 24 hours.
The reaction is, for example, carried out as follows.
(1) A method of dissolving the compound given by formula (l) in a solvent,
adding an aqueous solution of an alkali metal hydroxide thereto and stirring
the mixture
(2) A method of optionally adding a solvent to the reaction product in the first
step, and further adding an aqueous solution of an alkali metal hydroxide
thereto and stirring the mixture
The concentration of the aqueous solution of an alkali metal hydroxide used for the method (l) or (2) is usually 5 to 49% by weight.
The proceeding status of the reaction can be confirmed by means for analyzing the reaction mixture such as high performance liquid chromatography, gas chromatography and the like.
After the reaction, the compound given by formula (3) can be isolated by work-up procedures, for example, obtaining an organic layer by water-organic solvent phase separation of the reaction mixture, optionally washing the organic layer with aqueous acid, and concentrating the organic layer.

According to the production method of 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-l-substituted-benzenes described in USP-5,827,137, the crystals consisting of byproducts, i.e. sodium benzoate and inorganic salt, are occasionally precipitated during the reaction or work-up procedures to make the operation more difficult, and it needs a large amount of water for the purpose of removing by-products by the phase-separation during the work-up procedures. To the contrary, the production method 2 of the present invention does not give the crystals to make the operation more difficult or does not need a large amount of water in the phase-separation during the work-up procedures. It is beneficial concerning dealing waste water.
The 3-phenoxypropanol compound given by formula (3) produced by the production method 2 of the present invention can be lead to the dihalopropene compounds having insecticidal/acaricidal activity by the methods described in USP-5,827,137 and USP-5,922,880.
The compounds given by formula (2) are the compounds described in USP-5,827,137 and USP-5,922,880 or can be prepared according to their descriptions.
Examples
The present invention is explained in detail below and the present invention is not limited to the following examples. In the examples, "%" means "% by weight" until especially explained. Example 1
A mixture of 1.09 parts by weight of 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-

(purity, 91.7%) with 0.16 part by weight of toluene, 0.044 part by weight of

tetra-n-butylammonium bromide and 0.34 part by weight of sodium acetate were charged in a reaction vessel, and stirred under nitrogen atmosphere at 103-105°C for 14 hours. Then, the reaction mixture was allowed to be cooled and 1.0 part by weight of 2% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and 2.7 parts by weight of toluene were added thereto. The organic layer was separated, washed with 2.0 parts by weight of 5% sulfuric acid and 2.0 parts by weight of water subsequently, and then concentrated to make the total residue 2.29 parts by weight. A portion of the residue was subjected to silica gel column chromatography to give 7.78 g of 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-acetyloxypropoxy)-l-(3,3-dichloro-2-propenyloxy)benzene given by formula (5)

Further, the analysis of the above-mentioned residue by liquid chromatography showed that the content of 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-acetyloxypropoxy)"l"(3,3-dichloro-2"propenyloxy)benzene was 44.97% (yield, 96.7%).
The melting point of 3,5-dichloro"4"(3-acetyloxypropoxy)-l-(3,3-dichloro-2-propenyloxy)benzene was 33°C Example 2
A mixture of 1.09 parts by weight of 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-chloropropoxy)-l-(3,3-dichloro-2-propenyloxy)benzene (purity, 91.7%) with 0.16 part by weight of toluene, 0.044 part by weight of tetra-n-butylammonium bromide and 0.34 part by weight of sodium acetate were charged in a reaction vessel, and stirred under nitrogen atmosphere at 103-105°C for 13 hours. Then, the reaction mixture was allowed to be cooled to 25-30°C and 0.5 part by weight of methanol and 0.3 part by weight of toluene were added thereto. Further, 0.46 part by weight of 29% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution were added to the reaction mixture and stirred at the

same temperature for 2 hours. To the reaction mixture, 1.0 part by weight of 2% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and 2.7 parts by weight of toluene were added. The organic layer was separated, washed with 5% sulfuric acid and 2.0 parts by weight of water subsequently, and then concentrated to make the total residue 2.18 parts by weight. The residue was analyzed by liquid chromatography to show that the content of 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-l-(3,3-dichloro-2-propenyloxy)benzene given by formula (6)

was 42.12%. The yield from 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-chloropropoxy)-l-(3,3-dichloro-2-propenyloxy)benzene was 96.5%. Example 3
In a reaction vessel, 1.06 parts by weight of 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-chloropropoxy)-l-benzyloxybenzene (purity, 94.7%) of formula (7)

0.19 part by weight of toluene, 0.047 part by weight of tetra-n-butylammonium bromide and 0.36 part by weight of sodium acetate were charged and stirred under nitrogen atmosphere at 103- 105°C for 11 hours. Then, the reaction mixture was allowed to be cooled to 25-30°C and 0.5 part by weight of methanol and 0.3 part by weight of toluene were added thereto. Further, 0.47 part by weight of 29% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution was added dropwise and stirred at the same temperature for 2 hours. To the reaction mixture, 1.0 part by weight of 2% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and 2.7 parts by weight of toluene were added. The organic layer was separated, washed with 2.0 parts by weight of 5% sulfuric acid and 2.0

parts by weight of water subsequently, and then concentrated to make the total residue 0.98 part by weight. The residue was analyzed by liquid chromatography to show that the content of 3,5-dichloro-4-(3" hydroxypropoxy)-l-benzyloxybenzene given by formula (8)

was 94.66%. The yield from 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-chloropropoxy)-l-benzyloxybenzene was 98.4%.
The analysis condition in the examples above is as follows. [Check of the reaction proceeding]
It was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography in the following condition.
Used apparatus- L-6000 or L-7000 manufactured by Hitachi Corp. Column:L-column ODS (4.6ф X 150mm, manufactured by Chemicals
Inspection & Testing Institute) Column temperature- 40°C Detector: UV (Detected wave length: 290nm) Mobile phased 0,1% phosphoric acid/water (hereinafter referred to as Solution
A) and 0.1% phosphoric acid/acetonitrile (hereinafter referred to as Solution
B) were prepared and used in the ratio given below.
(D From 0 min. to 25 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was gradually changed from 1/1 to 0/1.
(2) From 25 min. to 35 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was kept
at 0/1.
(3) From 35 min. to 35.1 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was
gradually changed from 0/1 to 1/1.

@ After 35.1 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was kept at 1/1. Flow rate of mobile phased 1.0 ml/min,
(Analysis of the content of the product)
(1) Analysis of the content of 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-acetyloxypropoxy)-l-(3,3-
dichloro-2-propenyloxy)benzene
It was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography in the following condition. Internal standard- isoamyl benzoate
Used apparatus:L-6000 or L-7000 manufactured by Hitachi Corp. Column:L-column ODS (4.6 ф X 150mm, manufactured by manufactured by
Chemicals Inspection & Testing Institute) Column temperature: 40°C Detector: UV (Detected wave length: 290nm) Mobile phase: 0.1% phosphoric acid/water (hereinafter referred to as Solution
A) and 0.1% phosphoric acid/acetonitrile (hereinafter referred to as Solution
B) were prepared and used in the ratio given below.
(1 )From 0 min. to 30 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was kept at 35/65.
(2) From 30 min. to 30.1 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was
changed from 35/65 to 0/1.
(3) From 30.1 min. to 45 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was
kept at 0/1.
© From 45 min. to 45.1 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was changed from 0/1 to 35/65.
(5) After 45.1 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was kept at 35/65. Flow rate of mobile phase: 1.0 ml/min.
(2) Analysis of the content of 3,5-dichlo-4-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-l-(3,3-

dichloro-2-propenyloxy)benzene and 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-l-benzyloxybenzene
It was analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography in the following condition. Internal standard' isoamyl benzoate
Used apparatus: L-6000 or L-7000 manufactured by Hitachi Corp. Column:L-column ODS (4.6ф X 150mm, manufactured by manufactured by
Chemicals Inspection & Testing Institute) Column temperature: 40cC Detector: UV (Detected wave length 290nm) Mobile phase: 0.1% phosphoric acid/water (hereinafter referred to as Solution
A) and 0.1% phosphoric acid/acetonitrile (hereinafter referred to as Solution
B) were prepared and used in the ratio given below.
CD From 0 min. to 30 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was kept
at 45/55.
(D From 30 min. to 30.1 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was
changed from 45/55 to 0/1.
(D From 30.1 min. to 45 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was
kept at 0/1.
(D From 45 min. to 45.1 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was
changed from 0/1 to 45/55.
(5) After 45.1 min. of retention time, Solution A/Solution B was kept at 45/55.
Flow rate of mobile phase: 1.0 ml/min.
According to the production method of the present invention, 3,5-dichloro-4-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-l-substituted-benzenes which are useful as intermediates for insecticide/acaricide can be beneficially produced in industry.

Documents:

1271-CHE-2006 ABSTRACT.pdf

1271-CHE-2006 CLAIMS GRANTED.pdf

1271-CHE-2006 CORRESPONDENCE OTHERS.pdf

1271-CHE-2006 CORRESPONDENCE PO.pdf

1271-CHE-2006 FORM 1.pdf

1271-CHE-2006 FORM 18.pdf

1271-CHE-2006 FORM 3.pdf

1271-CHE-2006 PETITIONS.pdf

1271-CHE-2006 POWER OF ATTORNEY.pdf

1271-che-2006-abstract.pdf

1271-che-2006-claims.pdf

1271-che-2006-correspondence-others.pdf

1271-che-2006-description-complete.pdf

1271-che-2006-form 1.pdf

1271-che-2006-form 26.pdf

1271-che-2006-form 3.pdf

1271-che-2006-form 5.pdf

1271-che-2006-priority document.pdf

EXAMINATION REPORT REPLY.PDF


Patent Number 246698
Indian Patent Application Number 1271/CHE/2006
PG Journal Number 11/2011
Publication Date 18-Mar-2011
Grant Date 11-Mar-2011
Date of Filing 21-Jul-2006
Name of Patentee SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY, LIMITED
Applicant Address 5-33, KITAHAMA 4-CHOME, CHUO-KU, OSAKA 541-8550. JAPAN
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 MATSUO SANSHIRO 2-11-8 SHINKOFUDAI, TOYONO-CHO, TOYONO-GUN, OSAKA. JAPAN
2 YAMAMOTO NOBORU 2-1-29-208 HIGASHIUNENO, KAWANISHI-SHI, HYOGO.
PCT International Classification Number C07C67/10,C07C69/63,C07C41/26
PCT International Application Number N/A
PCT International Filing date
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 2002-003180 2002-01-10 Japan