Title of Invention

"A SUSPENSION CONCENTRATE COMPRISING A HERBICIDALLY EFFECTIVE AMOUNT OF MESOTRIONE "

Abstract A suspension concentrate comprising a herbicidally effective amount of mesotrione, as well as agrochemically acceptable salts thereof, having an average particle size of less than 1 micron and a median particle size of less than 1 micron and a dispersing agent.
Full Text The present invention relates to a suspension concentrate comprising a herbicidally effective amount of mesotrione.
The present invention relates to novel suspension concentrate and suspoemulsion formulations comprising a herbicidally active amount of 2-(2'-nitro-4'-methylsulphonylbenzoyl)-l,3-cyclohexanedione (mesotrione), as well as agrochemically acceptable salts thereof, having an average particle size, as defined herein, of less than 1 micron.
The present invention also relates to herbicidal compositions for controlling grasses and weeds in crops of useful plants, especially in crops of maize and cereals, prepared from these suspension concentrate and suspoemulsion formulations, and to the use of such compositions in controlling weeds in crops of useful plants.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Crop protection agents are often administered in the form of aqueous systems. Water-based formulations are obtained by dissolving, emulsifying and/or suspending pesticide technical materials in water. The efficient use of aqueous systems with certain crop protection agents, however, may be restricted due to their poor water-solubility. Aqueous systems containing solid pesticide technical materials may be formulated as suspension concentrates or suspoemulsion formulations. However, these formulation types can suffer from a variety of problems such as agglomeration of solid particles, irreversible thickening, serum formation or sedimentation of solids as a hard packed precipitate. In the case of suspoemulsions, the presence of an emulsified oil layer increases the risk of formulation failure due to the intrinsic instability of oil-in-water emulsions. Due to the relatively complex supply chain for crop protection agents, the formulations can be stored for long periods and may be subjected during storage and shipping to extreme temperature variations, high-shear and repetitive vibration patterns which can increase the likelihood of failure.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
It is an object of the present invention to prepare aqueous systems comprising
mesotrione that exhibit improved physical storage stability, handling and dilution
characteristics compared to a similarly formulated mesotrione composition containing
mesotrione having an average particle size in excess of 1 micron.
The present invention relates to novel suspension concentrate and
suspoemulsion formulations comprising a herbicidally active amount of 2-(2'-nitro-
4'-methylsulphonylbenzoyl)-l,3-cyclohexanedione (mesotrione), as well as
agrochemically acceptable salts thereof, having an average particle size, as defined
herein, of less than 1 micron, preferably less than 800 nanometers (nm).
The present invention also relates to herbicidal compositions for controlling
grasses and weeds in crops of useful plants, especially in crops of maize and cereals,
prepared from these suspension concentrate and suspoemulsion formulations, and to
the use of such compositions in controlling weeds in crops of useful plants.
One embodiment of the invention relates also to suspension concentrates
comprising mesotrione having an average particle size of less than 1 micron,
preferably less than 800 nm, and a dispersing agent.
In another embodiment, the invention relates to a suspoemulsion formulation
comprising:
(A) a continuous aqueous phase;
(B) (i) a dispersed emulsion phase comprising at least one liquid, waterinsoluble
active ingredient;
(ii) an emulsifier in an amount sufficient to emulsify the liquid, waterinsoluble
ingredients; and
(C) (i) mesotrione having an average particle size of less than 1 micron,
preferably less than 800 nm, as a dispersed solid phase;
(ii) a dispersing agent in an amount sufficient to disperse the mesotrione as
well as any other solid technical materials present in the formulation;
wherein the solid phase is dispersed in said aqueous and/or emulsion phase.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The term "mesotrione" herein means 2-(2'-nitro-4'-methylsulphonyl benzoyl)-
1,3-cyclohexanedione including any enolic tautomeric forms that may give rise to
geometric isomers. Furthermore, in certain cases, the various substituents may
contribute to optical isomerism and/or stereoisomerism. All such tautomeric forms,
racemic mixtures and isomers are included within the scope of the present invention.
Unless otherwise specified, the term "mesotrione" includes the agriculturally
acceptable salts of 2-(2'-nitro-4'-methylsulphonyl benzoyl)-l,3-cyclohexanedione as
well.
Agriculturally acceptable salts for use in the present invention include salts the cations
or anions of which are known and accepted in the art for the formation of salts for
agricultural or horticultural use. Useful salts for practice of the invention may be
formed from 2-(2'-nirro-4'-methylsulphonyl benzoyl)-l,3-cyclohexanedione using
amines, alkali metal bases, alkaline earth metal bases, quaternary ammonium bases,
and metal chelates. Also included are metal chelates of 2-(2'-nitro-4'-
methylsulphonyl benzoyl)-l,3-cyclohexanedione including salts of di- and trivalent
transition metal ions such as Cu+2, Zn+2, Co+2, Nf1"2, Ca+2, Al+3, Ti+3, Fe+2, Fe+3, Ba+2,
Cs+2, and also [CH3(CH2)7]3N.
Examples of suitable amines for ammonium salt formation that come into
consideration are ammonia as well as primary, secondary and tertiary C\.\%
alkylamines, CMhydroxyalkylamines and €2-4 alkoxyalkylamines, for example
methylamine, ethylamine, n-propylamine, isopropylamine, the four butylamine
isomers, n-amylamine, isoamylamine, hexylamine, heptylamine, octylamine,
nonylamine, decylamine, pentadecylamine, hexadecylamine, heptadecylamine,
octadecylamine, methyl-ethylamine, methyl-isopropylamine, methyl-hexylamine,
methyl-nonylamine, methyl-pentadecylamine, methyl-octadecylamine, ethylbutylamine,
ethyl-heptylamine, ethyl-octylamine, hexyl-heptylamine, hexyloctylamine,
dimethylamine, diethylamine, di-n-propylamine, diisopropylamine, di-nbutylamine,
di-n-amylamine, diisoamylamine, dihexylamine, diheptylamine,
dioctylamine, ethanolamine, n-propanolamine, isopropanolamine, N,Ndiethanolamine,
N-ethylpropanolamine, N-butylethanolamine, allylamine, n-butenyl-
2-amine, n-pentenyl-2-amine, 2,3-dimethylbutenyl-2-amine, dibutenyl-2-amine, nhexenyl-
2-amine, propylenediamine, trimethylamine, triethylamine, tri-npropylamine,
triisopropylamine, tri-n-butylamine, triisobutylamine, tri-secbutylamine,
tri-n-amylamine, methoxyethylamine and ethoxyethylamme; heterocyclic
amines, for example pyridine, quinoline, isoquinoline, morpholine, piperidine,
pyrrolidine, indoline, quinuclidine and azepine; primary aryl amines for example
anilines, methoxyanilines, ethoxyanilines, o-, m- and p-toluidines,
phenylenediamines, benzidines, naphthylamines and o-, m- and p-chloroanilines; but
especially triethylamine, isopropylamine and diisopropylamine.
Metal chelates of 2-(2'-nitro-4'-methylsulphonyl benzoyl)-l,3-
cyclohexanedione and their preparation are described, inter alia, in PCT Publication
No. WO97/27748. The preferred metal ions are divalent transition metal ions,
particularly Cu+2, Co+2, Ni+2, and Zn+2; with Cu+2 being especially preferred. Any
appropriate salt which would be a source of a di- or trivalent metal ion may be used to
form the metal chelate of the dione compound in accordance with this invention.
Particularly suitable salts include: chlorides, sulphates, nitrates, carbonates,
phosphates and acetates. In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the
mesotrione is in the form of a metal chelate of mesotrione, preferably a copper or zinc
chelate of mesotrione.
Due to the limitations of different measuring techniques and in order to more
accurately characterize the mesotrione particle size, the mesotrione is characterized by
two different techniques for measuring the particle size. As used herein, the phrase
"mesotrione having an average particle size of less than 1 micron, preferably less than
800 nm" refers to mesotrione compositions wherein the average particle size as
determined by both Dv50 and Z-average is below 1 micron, preferably less than 800
nm. The Dv50 and Z-average will be similar when the particle size distribution is
narrow and below 1 micron. They will not be similar when there is a significant
fraction of particles larger than 1 micron. The Z-average diameter of the mesotrione
particles as defined herein is measured by photon correlation spectroscopy using
equipment readily determinable by those skilled in the art such as a Malvern
Nanosizer. The Dv50 particle size of the mesotrione particles is the median particle
size as determined using available analytical devices such as a Malvern Mastersizer.
The invention relates also to aqueous suspension concentrates comprising a
herbicidally effective amount of mesotrione having an average particle size of less
than 1 micron, preferably less than 800 nm, and a dispersing agent.
Another embodiment of the present invention relates to a suspoemulsion
formulation comprising:
(A) a continuous aqueous phase;
(B) (i) a dispersed emulsion phase comprising at least one liquid, waterinsoluble
active ingredient;
(ii) an emulsifier in an amount sufficient to emulsify the liquid, waterinsoluble
active ingredients; and
(C) (i) a herbicidally effective amount of mesotrione having an average
particle size of less than 1 micron, preferably less than 800 nm, as a
dispersed solid phase;
(iii) a dispersing agent in an amount sufficient to disperse the mesotrione as
well as any other solid technical materials present in the formulation;
wherein the solid phase is dispersed in said aqueous and/or emulsion phase.
The suspoemulsion formulation of the present invention may optionally
further comprise one or more additional active ingredients. The one or more
additional active ingredients may be a pesticide, for example a herbicide, fungicide,
insecticide or the like; or the additional active ingredient may be a compound selected
from the class of compounds known as safeners or antidotes. The concentration of
additional active ingredient in the formulation is suitably in the range of from 1 g/1 to
500 g/1, and preferably from 2 g/1 to 300g/l.
In one embodiment, the liquid, water-insoluble active ingredient comprises at
least one member selected from the group consisting of acetamide herbicides and
safeners or antidotes.
Preferred liquid, water-insoluble active ingredients include acetamide
herbicides and safeners. Representative acetamide herbicides include diphenamid,
napropamide, naproanilide, acetochlor, alachlor, butachlor, dimethachlor,
dimethenamid, dimethenamid-P, fentrazamide, metazachlor, metolachlor,
pethoxamid, pretilachlor, propachlor, propisochlor, S-metolachlor, thenylchlor,
flufenacet and mefenacet. Where the acetamide herbicide is liquid at ambient
temperatures, i.e., has a melting point below about 0 °C., the oil phase can consist
essentially or substantially of the acetamide herbicide itself. In other words, no
organic solvent is necessary, although one can optionally be included. Examples of
acetamide herbicides that are liquid at ambient temperatures and can be formulated in
compositions of the invention without the need for an organic solvent include
acetochlor, butachlor, metolachlor, S-metolachlor and pretilachlor. Where an organic
solvent is desired or required, any suitable organic solvent known in the agricultural
chemical formulating art in which the acetamide herbicide is adequately soluble can
be used. Preferably the organic solvent is one in which the acetamide herbicide is
highly soluble, so that as high as possible a concentration of the acetamide herbicide
can be accommodated in the oil phase and in the composition as a whole.
As used herein, the term acetamide includes mixtures of the two or more
acetamides as well as mixtures of optical isomers of the acetamides. For example,
mixtures of the (R) and (S) isomers of metolachlor wherein the ratio of (S)-2-chlorojY-(
2-emyl-6-methylphenyl)-./V-(2-methoxy-l -methylethyl)acetamide to (#)-2-chloro-
7vr-(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)-A^-(2-methoxy-l-methylethyl)acetamide is in the range of
from 50-100% to 50-0%, preferably 70-100% to 30-0% and more preferably 80-100%
to 20-0% are included.
Preferred acetamides include mixtures of metolachlor (S) and (R) isomers
wherein the ratio of (S)-2-chloro-W-(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)-AL(2-methoxy-lmethylethyl)
acetamide to (/?)-2-chloro-A^-(2-ethyl-6-methylphenyl)-Ar-(2-methoxy-l -
methylethyl)acetamide is in the range of from 50-100% to 50-0%, preferably 70-
100% to 30-0% and more preferably 80-100% to 20-0%.
Safeners suitable for use in the present invention include benoxacor;
cloquintocet; cloquintocet-mexyl; dichlormid; fenchlorazole-ethyl; fenclorim;
flurazole; fluxofenim; furilazole; isoxadifen-ethyl; mefenpyr; an alkali metal, alkaline
earth metal, sulfonium or ammonium cation of mefenpyr; mefenpyr-diethyl and
oxabetrinil. Preferred safeners include benoxacor and dichlormid. When a liquid
acetamide is used the safener will generally be dissolved in the acetamide phase.
However, an organic solvent can optionally be used. Where an organic solvent is
desired or required, any suitable organic solvent known in the agricultural chemical
formulating art in which the acetamide herbicide and safener are adequately soluble
can be used. Preferably the organic solvent is one in which the acetamide herbicide
and safener are highly soluble, so that as high as possible a concentration of the active
components can be accommodated in the oil phase and in the composition as a whole.
The suspension concentrates and suspoemulsion formulations of the present
invention may contain, in addition to mesotrione, at least one solid, water-insoluble
active ingredient. Suitable solid, water-insoluble active ingredients for use in the
present invention include glyphosate acid, triazine herbicides, for example, atrazine,
simazine or terbuthylazine, isoxazole herbicides such as isoxaflutole and sulfonylurea
herbicides such as primisulfuron, prosulfuron or nicosulfuron.
The suspension concentrates and suspoemulsion formulations may further
comprise additional active ingredients that are soluble in the aqueous phase. Watersoluble
active ingredients include pesticides or plant growth regulators such as
acephate, acifluorfen, acrolein, amitrole, asulam, benazolin, bentazon, bialaphos,
borax, bromacil, bromoxynil, butoxycarboxim, calcium polysulfide, cartap,
chloramben, chlormequat, chloroacetic acid, chlorphonium, clofencet, clopyralid,
cloxyfonac, copper sulfate, cyanamide, 2,4-D, 2,4-DB, dalapon, daminozide,
dicamba, dichlorprop, diclofop, dicrotophos, difenzoquat, dikegulac, diquat,
endothall, ethephon, fenac, fenoxaprop, flamprop, fluazifop, fluoroglycofen,
flupropanate, fomesafen, formetanate, fosamine, fosetyl, glufosinate, glyphosate,
guazatine, haloxyfop, hydroxyquinoline sulfate, imazameth, imazamethabenz,
imazamox, imazapic, imazapyr, imazaquin, imazethapyr, iminoctadine, ioxynil,
kasugamycin, MCPA, MCPB, mecoprop, mepiquat, mercuric chloride, metam,
methamidophos, methomyl, methylarsonic acid, mevinphos, monocrotophos, nabam,
naptalam, nicotine, nitenpyram, nonanoic acid, omethoate, oxamyl, oxydemetonmethyl,
paraquat, phosphamidon, picloram, polyoxin B, propamocarb, sulfamic acid,
2,3,6-TBA, thiocyclam, trichlorfon, trichloroacetic acid, triclopyr, validamycin and
vamidothion, as well as agriculturally acceptable salts and esters thereof. Preferred
water-soluble active ingredients include glyphosate or salts thereof and glufosinate or
salts thereof.
As used herein, the term "herbicidally effective amount" means the amount of
herbicide compound which adversely controls or modifies plant growth. Controlling
or modifying effects include all deviation from natural development, for example,
killing, retardation, leaf burn, albinism, dwarfing and the like. The term plants refers
to all physical parts of a plant, including seeds, seedlings, saplings, roots, tubers,
stems, stalks, foliage and fruits.
The surfactant system allowing the water-insoluble solids to be dispersed in
the aqueous phase and the liquid technical materials (active ingredients) to be
emulsified in the continuous water phase is typically a mixture of two or more
surfactants, at least one of which is a nonionic surfactant and optionally at least one of
which is an anionic surfactant.
In a suspoemulsion formulation surfactants function as emulsifiers to emulsify
oily liquid technical materials and dispersants to disperse solid water-insoluble
technical materials. These surfactants should be compatible in one formulation. A
surface-active agent may act as both an emulsifier and a dispersant.
Suitable surface-active compounds are, depending on the nature of the active
ingredient, non-ionic, cationic and/or anionic surfactants and mixtures of surfactants
having good emulsifying, dispersing and wetting properties. Examples of suitable
anionic, non-ionic and cationic surfactants are listed, for example, in U.S. Patent No.
6,063,732 column 5, line 1 to column 6, line 2, the contents of which are incorporated
herein by reference.
Furthermore, the surfactants customarily employed in formulation technology,
which are described, inter alia, in "Me Cutcheon's Detergents and Emulsifiers
Annual" MC Publishing Corp., Ridgewood N.J., 1981, Stache, H., "Tensid-
Taschenbuch", Carl Hanser Verlag, MunichNienna, 1981 and M. and J. Ash,
"Encyclopedia of Surfactants", Vol I-I11, Chemical Publishing Co., New York, 1980-
81, are also suitable for preparation of the herbicidal compositions according to the
invention.
Anionic surfactants suitable for use in the invention may be any known in the
art. The anionic surfactants may be polyarylphenol polyalkoxyether sulfates and/or
phosphates; Cg.ig alcohol polyalkoxyether phosphates, carboxylates, and/or citrates;
alkyl benzenesulfonic acids; Q.20 alkyl carboxylates including fatty acids; Cg_2o
alcohol sulfates; Cg.io alcohol phosphate mono- and diesters; Cg.zo alcohol and (Cg.2o
alkyl)phenol polyoxyethylene ether carboxylates, sulfates and sulfonates; Cg_2o
alcohol and (Cg.2o alkyl)phenol polyoxyethylene phosphate mono- and diesters; Cg_2o
alkylbenzene sulfonates, naphthalene sulfonates and formaldehyde condensates
thereof; lignosulfonates; Cg-2o alkyl sulfosuccinates and sulfosuccinamates; Cg_2o acyl
glutamates, sarcosinates, isethionates and taurates; water-soluble soaps and mixtures
thereof.
Exemplary polyarylphenol polyalkoxyether sulfates and phosphates include
polyarylphenol polyethoxyether sulfates and phosphates, polyarylphenol
polypropoxyether sulfates and phosphates, polyarylphenol poly(ethoxy/propoxy)ether
sulfates and phosphates, and salts thereof. The term "aryl" includes, for example,
phenyl, tolyl, naphthyl, tetrahydronaphthyl, indanyl, indenyl, styryl, pyridyl,
quinolinyl, and mixtures thereof. Exemplary polyarylphenol polyethoxyether sulfates
and phosphates include distyrylphenol polyethoxyether sulfates and phosphates, and
tristyrylphenol polyethoxyether sulfates and phosphates. The polyarylphenol
polyalkoxether sulfates and phosphates may have a degree of alkoxylation (e.g.,
ethoxylation) of between about 1 and about 50, preferably between about 2 and about
40, more preferably between about 5 and about 30. Commercially available
polyarylphenol polyalkoxyether sulfates and phosphates include, for example,
SOPROPHOR® 4 D 384 (Rhodia Corporation, Cranbury, NJ) (tristyrylphenol (EO),6
sulfate ammonium salt), SOPROPHOR® 3 D 33 (Rhodia Corporation, Cranbury, NJ)
(tristyrylphenol (EO),6 phosphate free acid), SOPROPHOR® FLK (Rhodia
Corporation, Cranbury, NJ) (tristyrylphenol (EO)ie phosphate potassium salt) and
SOPROPHOR® RAM/384 (Rhodia Corporation, Cranbury, NJ) (tristyrylphenol
polyethoxylated ether sulfate neutralized with polyethoxylated oleylamine). In other
embodiments, the polyarylphenol polyalkoxyether sulfates and phosphates may be
mono-arylphenol polyalkoxyether sulfates and phosphates, such as styrylphenol
polyethoxyether sulfates and phosphates.
Exemplary Cg.]g alcohol polyethoxyether phosphates, carboxylates and citrates
include STEPFAC® 8180 (Stepan Corporation, Northfield, IL) (tridecylalcohol (EO)3
phosphate), STEPFAC® 8181 (Stepan Corporation, Northfield, IL) (tridecylalcohol
(EO)6 phosphate), STEPFAC® 8182 (Stepan Corporation, Northfield, IL)
(tridecylalcohol (EO)i2 phosphate), EMCOL® CN-6 (CK Witco Corporation,
Greenwich, CT) (tridecylalcohol (EO)6 carboxylate). The Cg-ig alcohol
polyethoxyether phosphates, carboxylates and citrates may have a degree of
ethoxylation of between about 1 and about 25, preferably between about 1 and about
20.
Exemplary alkylbenzene sulfonic acids and salts thereof include
dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid, and metal (for example sodium or calcium), ammonia
or amine salts of the alkylbenzene sulfonic acids, including dodecylbenzene sulfonic
acid. Amine neutralized versions include primary amines, diamines, triamines and
alkanol amines.
Additional preferred anionic surfactants include (Cg-i2 alkyl)phenol
polyoxyethylene ether sulfates, and (Cg-iz alkyl)phenol polyoxyethylene phosphate
mono- and diesters, accompanied in each case by monovalent counterions. In one
embodiment the monovalent counterion for a (Cg-i2 alkyl)phenol polyoxyethylene
ether sulfate or a (Cg-n alkyl)phenol polyoxyethylene phosphate is a protonated
polyoxyethylene €12-20 alkylamine surfactant. More specifically, polyoxyethylene
tallowamine salt of a nonylphenol polyoxyethylene ether sulfate, nonylphenol
polyoxyethylene phosphate, and a blend of such nonylphenol polyoxyethylene
phosphate with polyoxyethylene tallowamine.
Suitable water-soluble soaps are the alkali metal salts, alkaline earth metal
salts, ammonium salts or substituted ammonium salts of higher fatty acids (Cio -€22),
e.g. the sodium or potassium salts of oleic or stearic acid, or of natural fatty acid
mixtures which can be obtained, inter alia, from coconut oil or tallow oil. Further
suitable soaps are also the fatty acid methyl taurin salts.
The anionic surfactants are optionally neutralized with a basic compound. The
basic compounds may be any known in the art that are capable of neutralizing the
anionic surfactants. Basic compounds include, for example, inorganic bases, Cg-ig
alkyl amine polyalkoxylates, alkanol amines, alkanol amides, and mixtures thereof.
Exemplary inorganic bases include ammonium hydroxides, sodium
hydroxides, potassium hydroxides, calcium hydroxides, magnesium hydroxides, zinc
hydroxides, and mixtures thereof. The Cg.ig alkyl amine polyalkoxylates may be, for
example, Cg.ig alkyl amine polypropoxylates and/or Cg-ig alkyl amine
polyethoxylates. Exemplary Cg.ig alkyl amine polyalkoxylates include tallow amine
polyalkoxylates, cocoamine polyalkoxylates, oleylamine polyalkoxylates, and
stearylamine polyalkoxylates. The Cg-ig alkyl amine polyethoxyates may have from
about 2 to about 50 moles of ethylene oxide per molecule, more preferably from about
2 to about 20 moles of ethylene oxide per molecule. Exemplary Cg-ig alkyl amine
polyethoxylates include tallow amine ethoxylates (2 moles EO or 8 moles EO),
cocoamine ethoxylates, oleylamine ethoxylates, and stearylamine ethoxylates.
Exemplary alkanol amines include diethanol amine and triethanol amine. Exemplary
alkanol amides include oleic diethanolamide and linoleic diethanolamide, and the
diethanolamides of other Cg-ig fatty acids.
For example, the compositions of the invention may comprise at least one
polyarylphenol polyalkoxyether sulfate, polyarylphenol poly a Ikoxy ether phosphate,
Cg-ig alcohol polyalkoxyether phosphates, Cg-ig alcohol polyalkoxyether carboxylates,
Cg-ig alcohol polyalkoxyether citrates, and/or alky] benzenesulfonic acids.
In still other embodiments, the compositions of the invention comprise
mixtures of at least two anionic surfactants selected from polyarylphenol
polyalkoxyether sulfates, polyarylphenol polyalkoxyether phosphates, Cg.20 alkyl
carboxylates including fatty acids, Cg.2o alcohol sulfates, Cg_2o alcohol phosphate
mono- and diesters, Cg-20 alcohol and (Cg.2o alkyl)phenol polyoxyethylene ether
carboxylates, sulfates and sulfonates, Cg-2o alcohol and (Cg-2o alkyl)phenol
polyoxyethylene phosphate mono- and diesters, Cg-2o alkylbenzene sulfonates,
naphthalene sulfonates and formaldehyde condensates thereof, lignosulfonates, Cg-2o
alkyl sulfosuccinates and sulfosuccinamates, and/or Cg_2o acyl glutamates,
sarcosinates, isethionates and taurates.
Exemplary nonionic surfactants include ethylene oxide-propylene oxide block
copolymers; ethylene oxide-butylene oxide block copolymers; €2-6 alkyl adducts of
ethylene oxide-propylene oxide block copolymers; C2-e alkyl adducts of ethylene
oxide-butylene oxide block copolymers; polypropylene glycols; polyethylene glycols;
polyarylphenol polyethoxy ethers; polyalkylphenol polyethoxy ethers; polyglycol
ether derivatives of aliphatic or cycloaliphatic alcohols or of saturated or unsaturated
fatty acids and alkylphenols, said derivatives containing 3 to 30 glycol ether groups
and 8 to 20 carbon atoms in the (aliphatic) hydrocarbon moiety and 6 to 18 carbon
atoms in the alkyl moiety of the alkylphenols; mono-, di- and tri(C 12-20 alkyl)esters of
polyoxyethylene sorbitan; alkoxylated vegetable oils; alkoxylated acetylenic diols;
alkyl polyglycosides and mixtures thereof.
The ethylene oxide-propylene oxide block copolymers may comprise alkyl or
alkyphenol ether bases, such as butyl ether, methyl ether, propyl ether, ethyl ether, or
mixtures thereof. Commercially available nonionic surfactants include, for example,
TOXIMUL® 8320 (Stepan Corporation, Northfield, IL) (butyl ether derivative of
EO/PO block copolymer), WITCONOL® NS-500LQ (CK Witco Corporation,
Greenwich, CT) (butyl ether derivative of EO/PO block copolymer) and
WITCONOL® NS-108LQ (CK Witco Corporation, Greenwich, CT) (nonylphenol
ether derivative of EO/PO block copolymer).
Other suitable non-ionic surfactants are the water-soluble, 20 to 250 ethylene
glycol ether groups containing polyadducts of ethylene oxide and propylene oxide,
ethylene diamino polypropylene glycol and alkyl polypropylene glycol with 1 to 10
carbon atoms in the alkyl moiety, the substances normally contain 1 to 5 ethylene
glycol units per propylene glycol unit. Examples of non-ionic surfactants are
nonylphenol polyethoxy ethanols, vegetable oil polyglycol ethers, polyadducts of
ethylene oxide and propylene oxide, tributyl phenoxy polyethoxy ethanol, octyl
phenoxy polyethoxy ethanol. Preferred are fatty acid esters of polyoxy ethylene
sorbitan, such as polyoxy ethylene sorbitan trioleate.
Alkyl polyglycosides known in the art can be used in the invention. The alkyl
polyglycoside of the invention may have formula (I):
R,0(R20)b(Z)a (I)
RI is a monovalent organic radical having from about 6 to about 30 carbon atoms. RI
is preferably a Cg-22 alkyl or alkenyl group, more preferably a C%.\\ alkyl group. Rj is
a divalent alkylene radical having from about 2 to about 4 carbon atoms. R2 is
preferably ethylene or propylene, more preferably ethylene. b is 0 to about 100. b is
preferably 0 to about 12, more preferably 0. Z is a saccharide residue having about 5
to about 6 carbon atoms. Z may be glucose, mannose, fructose, galasctose, talose,
gulose, altrose, allose, apiose, gallose, idose, ribose, arabinose, xylose, lyxose, or a
mixture thereof; Z is preferably glucose; 'a' is an integer from 1 to about 6, 'a' is
preferably from 1 to about 3, more preferably about 2.
Preferred compounds of formula (I) are compounds of formula (II):
where n is the degree of polymerization and is from 1 to 3, preferably 1 or 2, and R5 is
a branched or straight chain alky] group having from 4 to 18 carbon atoms or a
mixture of alkyl groups having from 4 to 18 carbon atoms.
Exemplary alkyl polyglycosides include APG® 325 (Cognis Corporation,
Cincinnati, OH) (an alkyl polyglycoside in which the alkyl group contains 9 to 11
carbon atoms and has an average degree of polymerization of 1.6), PLANTAREN®
2000 (Cognis Corporation, Cincinnati, OH) (an alkyl polyglycoside in which the alkyl
group contains 8 to 16 carbon atoms and has an average degree of polymerization of
1.4), PLANTAREN® 1300 (Cognis Corporation, Cincinnati, OH) (an alkyl
polyglycoside in which the alkyl group contains 12 to 16 carbon atoms and has an
average degree of polymerization of 1.6), AGRIMUL® PG 2067 (Cognis
Corporation, Cincinnati, OH) (an alkyl polyglycoside in which the alkyl group
contains 8 to 10 carbon atoms and has an average degree of polymerization of 1.7),
AGRIMUL® PG 2069 (Cognis Corporation, Cincinnati, OH) (an alkyl polyglycoside
in which the alkyl group contains 9 to 11 carbon atoms and has an average degree of
polymerization of 1.6), AGRIMUL® PG 2076 (Cognis Corporation, Cincinnati, OH)
(an alkyl polyglycoside in which the alkyl group contains 8 to 10 carbon atoms and
has an average degree of polymerization of 1.5), ATPLUS® 438 (Uniqema, Inc.,
Wilmington, DE) (an alkylpolysaccharide in which the alkyl group contains 9 to 11
carbon atoms), and ATPLUS® 452 (Uniqema, Inc., Wilmington, DE) (an
alkylpolysaccharide in which the alkyl group contains 8 to 10 carbon atoms).
Cationic surfactants are preferably quaternary ammonium salts carrying, as Nsubstituent,
at least one Cg -C22 alkyl radical and, as further substituents, unsubstituted
or halogenated lower alkyl, benzyl or hydroxy-lower alkyl radicals. The salts are
preferably in the form of halides, methyl sulfates or ethyl sulfates, for example stearyl
trimethylammonium chloride or benzyl bis(2-chloroethyl)ethy]ammonium bromide.
The amount of surfactant(s) depends on the particular active ingredients
selected for the composition and the absolute and relative amounts of these desired.
Suitable amounts of stabilizing system components selected from the classes or
specific examples provided herein can be determined by routine experimentation, the
test being that substantially no phase separation, sedimentation or flocculation is
exhibited by the composition following storage at 20-25 °C for a period of 24 hours,
or, for preferred embodiments, following a longer period of storage over a broader
range of temperatures as indicated above. Typically the total concentration of all
surfactants in the composition as a whole is about 1% to about 30% by weight,
excluding the weight of counterions, if present.
In computing relative amounts of surfactants present in a composition, the
weight of water or other diluent supplied with a surfactant, if known, should be
excluded. For example, WITCONATE® 79S of CK Witco Corporation contains 52%
dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid rriethanolamine salt. In a composition containing 1%
WITCONATE® 79S, the concentration of dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid
triethanolamine salt should be computed as 0.52%.
These compositions may also comprise other auxiliaries such as wetting
agents, chemical stabilizers, viscosity controlling agents, thickeners, binders,
tackifiers, fertilizers and anti-foam agents.
Examples of suitable polymeric stabilizers that may be used in the present
invention have a molecular weight between 10,000 and 1,000,000 daltons and
include, but are not limited to polypropylene, polyisobutylene, polyisoprene,
copolymers of monoolefins and diolefins, polyacrylates, polystyrene, polyvinyl
acetate, polyurethanes or polyamides.
Examples of suitable stabilizing metal salts that may be used include calcium,
beryllium, barium, titanium, magnesium, manganese, zinc, iron, cobalt, nickel and
copper salts; most suitable are magnesium, manganese, zinc, iron, cobalt, nickel and
copper salts; especially preferred is a copper salt, for example copper hydroxide.
Representative anti-foam agents are silica, polydialkylsiloxanes, in
particular polydimethylsiloxanes, fluoroaliphatic esters or perfluoroalkylphosphonic/
perfluoroalkylphosphonic acids or the salts thereof and mixtures thereof. Preferred are
polydimethylsiloxanes.
The invention relates also to pesticide compositions obtained by i) diluting the
suspension concentrate or suspoemulsion formulation of the present invention in a
suitable carrier, such as water, such that the final concentration of the pesticide is
between about 0.01% and about 10% of active ingredient (a.L).
The invention relates also to a method for controlling undesired plant growth
in crops of useful plants, said method comprising forming a pesticidal composition by
i) diluting the suspension concentrate or suspoemulsion formulation of the present
invention in a suitable carrier, such as water, such that the final concentration of the
mesotrione is between about 0.01% and about 10% of active ingredient (a.i.) and ii)
treating the desired area, such as crop, their seeds or seedlings or the crop area, with
said composition.
The composition according to the invention is suitable for all methods of
application conventionally used in agriculture, e.g. pre-emergence application, post-
emergence application and seed dressing. The compositions according to the
invention are preferably used for pre- or post-emergence control of weeds.
The compositions according to the invention are suitable especially for
controlling weeds in crops of useful plants, preferably maize. "Crops" are to be
understood also to include those crops that have been made tolerant to pests and
pesticides, including herbicides or classes of herbicides, as a result of conventional
methods of breeding or genetic engineering. The components used in the composition
of the invention can be applied in a variety of ways known to those skilled in the art,
at various concentrations. The rate at which the compositions are applied will depend
upon the particular type of weed to be controlled, the degree of control required, and
the timing and method of application. In general, the compositions can be applied in
an amount such that the mesotrione is applied at a rate of 20-300 g a.i./ha, preferably
40-250 g a.i./ha.
Crop areas are areas of land on which the cultivated plants are already
growing or in which the seeds of those cultivated plants have been sown, and also
areas of land on which it is intended to grow those cultivated plants.
The weeds to be controlled may be either monocotyledonous or, preferably,
dicotyledonous weeds, for example the monocotyledonous weeds Avena, Agrostis,
Phalaris, Lolium, Bromus, Alopecurus, Setaria, Digitaria, Brachiaria, Echinochloa,
Panicum, Sorghum hal./bic., Rottboellia, Cyperus, Brachiaria, Echinochloa, Scirpus,
Monochoria and Sagittaria and the dicotyledonous weeds Sinapis, Chenopodium,
Stellaria, Galium, Viola, Veronica, Matricaria, Papaver, Solanum, Abutilon, Sida,
Xanthium, Amaranthus, Ipomoea, Polygonum and Chrysanthemum.
Other active ingredients such as co-herbicides, fungicides, insecticides,
acaricides and nematicides may be present in the suspension concentrates or
suspoemulsion formulations of the present invention or may be added as a tank-mix
partner with the suspension concentrate or suspoemulsion formulation.
The following examples illustrate further some of the aspects of the invention
but are not intended to limit its scope. Where not otherwise specified throughout this
specification and claims, percentages are by weight.
EXAMPLE 1
Re-dispersing of Mesotrione Millbase
Stability protocol: The millbase, as described in section 3.2, is stored in 2 oz.
jars at 38 °C for 6 weeks. The ability to re-disperse sediment is rated on how long,
shaking at a moderate speed, it takes to homogenize the sample. Shorter times to redisperse
the sediment are desirable. Jars are shaken horizontally and one complete
shake is noted as a complete forward and backward motion. Moderate shaking is
approximately 2 complete shakes per second. The sediment must be completely redispersed,
all sediment free from the bottom of the jar and no lumps or agglomerates
in the bulk of the sample.
Sample 1-1 represents a submicron millbase as set forth in section 3.2.
Sample 1-2 has a similar composition but contains millbase having larger particles.
(Table Removed) Millbase outside the scope of the claimed invention
It is clear from the data set forth in Table 1, that the mesotrione millbase
having an average particle size within the scope of the present invention (Example 1-
1) is significantly easier to re-disperse than the mesotrione millbase outside of the
- 18-
scope of the present invention as evidenced by the significantly less time taken to
homogenize the submicron millbase.
EXAMPLE 2
Improved Final Product Dilution Performance with Submicron Millbase
Dilution protocol: The Final Product formulation, as set forth in 3.3, are
diluted using a typical use rate in water with a hardness of 50 ppm and 1000 ppm. The
samples are diluted in a 100 ml graduated cylinder with a total volume of 100 ml
(formulation plus water). The samples are then inverted through 10 complete
inversions to fully mix the sample. The cylinder is left undisturbed at room
temperature for 24 hours. After 24 hours, the number of inversions to completely redisperse
the sediment is noted. The lower the number of inversions required to
completely re-disperse the sediment represents an improvement in the ability to redisperse
the Final Product.
Sample 2-1 represents a submicron millbase as described in section 3.2 having
an average particle size as set forth above in Example 1-1. Sample 2-2 has a similar
composition but contains millbase having a larger average particle size as set forth
above in Example 1-2.
(Table Removed)Final Product outside the scope of the claimed invention
It is clear from the data set forth in Table 2, that the Final Product formulation
prepared from the mesotrione millbase having an average particle size within the
scope of the present invention (Example 2-1) was significantly easier to re-disperse
than the formulations containing the mesotrione millbase outside of the scope of the
present invention as evidenced by the significantly fewer inversions required to
homogenize the Final Product.
EXAMPLE 3
Sample Preparation
3.1 Preparation of S-metolachlor EW
The S-metolachlor EW was prepared according to the following composition:
%wt
S-metolachlor 66.67
A herbicidal antidote 3.33
Polystyrene 3.68
A block copolymer 1.00
Silicone antifoaming agent 0.18
Water 25.12
The polystyrene and antidote were dissolved in the s-Metolachlor.
The block copolymer was dissolved in the aqueous phase and the antifoam
was added. The two were combined in such a way as to form an emulsified organic
phase with a particle size of 1 - 40 microns.
3.2 Preparation of Mesotrione Millbase
The mesotrione millbase was prepared according to the following
composition:
%wt
Mesotrione 30.00
A non-ionic surfactant 3.50
Acetic acid (56%) 11.01
Copper hydroxide (100%) 5.00
Silicone antifoaming agent 0.10
Xanthan gum 0.10
Water 50.29
The water, acetic acid, non-ionic surfactant and mesotnone were mixed
together. Copper hydroxide was then added. The antifoaming agent and xanthan gum
were added and mixed until uniform. If needed, the millbase was milled to the
desired particle size.
3.3 Preparation of Final Product
The Final Product was prepared according to the following composition:
%wt
S-metolachlor EW 55.20
Mesotrione millbase 12.25
Propylene glycol 5.00
A non-ionic surfactant 6.00
A block copolymer surfactant 5.00
Xanthan gum 0.16
A preservative 0.15
Water rest
The s-metolachlor EW, propylene glycol, the non-ionic surfactant, the block
copolymer and some of the water were blended together. The mesotrione millbase
was added and blended. Next, the xanthan gum and preservative were added and
blended until uniform. The formulation was assayed and trimmed with water as
needed.
Although only a few exemplary embodiments of this invention have been
described in detail above, those skilled in the art will readily appreciate that many
modifications are possible in the exemplary embodiments without materially
departing from the novel teachings and advantages of this invention. Accordingly, all
such modifications are intended to be included within the scope of this invention as
defined in the following claims.







We Claim:
1. A suspension concentrate comprising a herbicidally effective amount of mesotrione, as
well as agrochemically acceptable salts thereof, having an average particle size of less
than 1 micron and a median particle size of less than 1 micron and a dispersing agent.
2. The suspension concentrate as claimed in claim 1 wherein the mesotrione, or agriculturally acceptable salt thereof, has an average particle size of less than 800 nanometers.
3. The suspension concentrate as claimed in claim 1 wherein the mesotrione comprises a metal chelate of mesotrione.
4. The suspension concentrate as claimed in claim 3 wherein the metal chelate of
mesotrione comprises at least one member selected from the group consisting of copper
or zinc chelates of mesotrione.
5. A pesticidal composition obtained by diluting a suspension concentrate
as claimed in claim 1 in water.

Documents:

3014-DELNP-2006-Abstract-(21-04-2009).pdf

3014-delnp-2006-abstract.pdf

3014-DELNP-2006-Claims-(05-10-2010).pdf

3014-DELNP-2006-Claims-(21-04-2009).pdf

3014-delnp-2006-claims.pdf

3014-delnp-2006-correspondence-others 1.pdf

3014-DELNP-2006-Correspondence-Others-(05-10-2010).pdf

3014-DELNP-2006-Correspondence-Others-(21-04-2009).pdf

3014-delnp-2006-Correspondence-Others-(24-12-2009).pdf

3014-delnp-2006-correspondence-others.pdf

3014-DELNP-2006-Description (Complete)-(21-04-2009).pdf

3014-delnp-2006-description (complete).pdf

3014-DELNP-2006-Form-1-(05-10-2010).pdf

3014-DELNP-2006-Form-1-(21-04-2009).pdf

3014-delnp-2006-form-1.pdf

3014-delnp-2006-form-18.pdf

3014-DELNP-2006-Form-2-(21-04-2009).pdf

3014-delnp-2006-form-2.pdf

3014-DELNP-2006-Form-3-(21-04-2009).pdf

3014-delnp-2006-form-3.pdf

3014-delnp-2006-form-5.pdf

3014-DELNP-2006-GPA-(21-04-2009).pdf

3014-delnp-2006-gpa.pdf

3014-delnp-2006-pct-101.pdf

3014-delnp-2006-pct-210.pdf

3014-delnp-2006-pct-220.pdf

3014-delnp-2006-pct-237.pdf

3014-delnp-2006-pct-304.pdf

3014-delnp-2006-pct-409.pdf

3014-delnp-2006-pct-416.pdf

3014-DELNP-2006-Petition-137-(21-04-2009).pdf


Patent Number 246638
Indian Patent Application Number 3014/DELNP/2006
PG Journal Number 10/2011
Publication Date 11-Mar-2011
Grant Date 08-Mar-2011
Date of Filing 25-May-2006
Name of Patentee SYNGENTA PARTICIPATIONS AG
Applicant Address SCHWARZWALDALLEE 215, CH-4058 BASEL, SWITZERLAND,
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 GIULIA CAPUZZI 410 SWING ROAD, GREENSBORO, NORTH CAROLINA 27409, USA,
2 MICHAEL HOPKINSON 410 SWING ROAD, GREENSBORO, NORTH CAROLINA 27409, USA,
3 SARAH CUSH 410 SWING ROAD, GREENSBORO, NORTH CAROLINA 27409, USA,
4 CAROLYN MOORE 410 SWING ROAD, GREENSBORO, NORTH CAROLINA 27409, USA,
PCT International Classification Number A01N
PCT International Application Number PCT/US2004/039929
PCT International Filing date 2004-11-30
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 60/527,364 2003-12-05 U.S.A.