|Title of Invention||
MAGNETIC DEVICE FOR FLUIDS TREATMENT
|Abstract||For the magnetic treatment of a fluid which is flowing in a piping, several permanent magnets are provided which are disposed according to such a geometry as to produce magnetic fields directed perpendicular to one anther so that bi/three-dimensional crossings of the lines of force inside the fluid current are provided. The axes of application of the magnetic fields can also be in a number greater than the three orthogonal axes, and the arrangement of the magnet pairs can be provided both with apposite and the same polarities in a preferred embodiment said magnets are included inside a cylindrical member formed of two half shells which can be coupled to each other and disposed coaxially at the outside of the piping where the fluid to be treated is flowing.|
|Full Text||The present invention relates to a magnetic device for the treatment of fluids comprising the particular combination of a plurality of permanent magnets which are arranged with respect to the direction of the fluid current to be treated so that they can apply magnetic fields directed according to two or more axes along the same direction of flow of the fluid in order that bi/three-dimensional crossings of the lines of force within the fluid are obtained. A second essential feature of the invention is the application of magnetic fields to the above-mentioned arrangement by using two or more half shells which can be coupled by radial approach about the piping where the fluid to be treated is flowing.
STATE OF ART
The treatment of the fluids with magnetic fields has been carried out for a long time: more than forty years in the western countries and perhaps for centuries in the eastern countries (China and India) -The purposes for the ancient treatments were essentially those regarding water and dilutions of beneficial or medical substances in water. In fact, it has been found for a long time by not very scientific methods that the treatments administered by liquids provide a better effect if the liquids are subjected to permanent maqnetic fields for a time of any duration or caused to flow through areas where
magnetic fields are applied.
Magnetised water was proved in many cases to improve the health of people, animals and plants. On this subject there is an extensive literature. In western countries the magnetic treatment has been used above all for industrial purposes, even if with many doubts, to improve and sometimes to solve the problems due to calcareous crusts caused by water with high hardness. The calcareous deposits cause the progressive obstruction of the free cross section of the piping and above all the considerable reduction in the thermal exchange factor inside heat exchangers and boilers, with a considerable reduction in the total thermal efficiency of the apparatus. Furthermore, it has been experimentally found that the treatment of liquid and gaseous fuel bv magnetic fields with suitable intensity causes a considerable improvement in the combustion efficiency which in turn causes energy savings for the reasons connected to the better completion of the oxidation reactions at the combustion temperature with the following reduction of the unburned fuel in addition to the lower need of an excess of air in the combustion chamber. The combined application of water and fuel treatments has accomplished in such cases considerable savings in the total energy.
To make it possible the application of what set forth above, fluid treatment apparatus with different shapes and composition have been developed in time. Further applications of the use of magnetic fields
according to methods which are similar to those mentioned above relate to the acceleration of the kinetics of some chemical reactions, biology and microbiology, pathology of man, animals and plants, and something else.
The interactions between matter and magnetic fields do not seem to be an attractive topic for the research in the physical, chemical or biological field, likely because such interactions are apparently weak and have a limited range. It has been clearly proved, however, that the soft trigger of the actions induced by the magnetic fields with high intensity leads to evident, useful results.
It seems that this is a consequence of the motion of the electrons under the magnetic fields. They are deviated from their trajectories and are subjected to complex dynamic actions which change the energy levels thereof and likely inf luence the configuration of the electronic displacements existing around the atomic nucleus. In case of calcium carbonate, for example, it is demonstrated that the calcareous deposit is formed by different, less aggregate crystals (aragonite) after the magnetic treatment. According to most recent studies, water consists of molecular more or less large clusters according to its dynamic immobility.
It seems acceptable today that the application of magnetic fields to water flowing therethrough gives an intensive "dynamization" causing the clusters to break and the capacity of solubilizing (or ionising) the substances on which it is flowing to increase,
thus giving rise to many empirically shown
It has been known for a long time that the application of
magnetic fields with particular geometries causes resonance
oscillations to set up inside the matter. The phenomenon is
used as wellknown in the medical, physical diagnostics
With reference to the brief initial description, the device
according to the present invention is different from the state
of art by the combination between the application of crossed
magnetic fields, under the form that will be described
thereafter, and the mechanical installation method consisting
of a system with two or more half shells to be locked by
mechanical fastening around the piping in which the fluid to
be treated is flowing.
The system with two half shells is not an absolute novelty.
However, devices carning out what follows do not exist:
a) a ratio between maximum intensity of the magnetic field and overall volume greater than 30 Gauss/cm3;
b) the mode of application of the magnetic fields by means of separate half shells from section planes lying on the axis of the piping to be treated:
c) the application of several magnetic fields along two or
three axes having a direction perpendicular to one
another to the fluid to be treated.
Further features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description
with reference to the accompanying drawings that show a preferred embodiment thereof. In the drawings:
Figs. 1. 2 and 3 show a perspective view of three different examples of three-dimensional crossing fields without and with the presence of a piping with different inclinations;
Fig. 4 shows schematically the arrangement of pairs of magnets with opposite and the same polarity;
Fig. 5 shows a perspective view of a device according to the invention applied to a piping in which a fluid is flowing:
Fig. 6 is an exploded view of a second embodiment:
Fi9. 7 shows schematically the lines of force of the magnetic fields in the device of Fig. 6.
According to the invention, a characterizing arrangement of the magnets is shown in Fig. 1 where pairs of opposite magnets 10 are disposed according to three axes orthogonal to one another so that the lines of force of their
magnetic fields intersect at point
Figs. 2 and 3 show two application examples of a group of
magnets 10 with the same geometry as Fia. 1 to two pipes 6 the axes of which are differently inclined
with respect to the three axes of symmetry of the system. It has been experimentally proved that the arrangement of the pairs of magnets 10 can be provided both with opposite and the same polarities (Fig. 4) As far as the axes of application of the field is concerned, they can also be in a number greater than the three shown orthogonal axes, thus assuming angles different from the orthogonal. Furthermore, in addition to the simple polar pairs, multipolar assemblies (tetrapolar, exapolar assemblies etc., without any limit in the number of elements) can be formed inside the device with repeated dispositions without limit and with any angle of the fields.
A preferred embodiment of the device for the magnetic treatment of fluids is shown in Fig. 5. As can be seen, the device consists of an element 8 with cylindrical shape containing in its interior pairs of permanent magnets 10 in a varying number without any limit which are arranged according to the geometry of Fig. 1. thus allowing magnetic fields perpendicular to one another to be applied to a fluid current flowing coaxially to the device, the lines of force of such fields intersecting inside the same fluid current. To this end the cylindrical member 8 containing the magnets is shaped so as to receive without obstacle a piping 6 where a fluid and/or a mixture of fluids, liquids and/or gases is flowing. Such cylindrical member consists preferably of two parts (shells) 8a and 8b which are coupled to each other at the
installation of the device on the fluid feeding piping 6 and being fixed ta each ather by any known mechanical means for example a clamp 14. It is thus formed only a body with the shape of a sleeve which can be disposed on any already existing piping without any difficulty. A second embodiment of the invention provides that a plurality of pairs af magnets arranged according to the geometry of Figure 6 are disposed inside the two half shells 8a and 8b.
As can be seen in the same Figure, a plurality of magnets are disposed inside the two half shells and near their ends so that after the assembling of the two half shells, their arrangement is such that at least a quadripole consisting of two pairs of magnets disposed along the same circumference is formed at either end thereof, the magnets of one pair being parallel to each other and orthogonal to those of the other pair.
According to a peculiar feature of the invention, the north of each magnet in any pair is directed to the north of the opposite magnet at one end of the device, while the magnets of the quadripole at the other end are reversed with respect to the quadripole of the first end. Thus, homopolar quadripoles whose lines of force, shown in Figure 7, come out of thee first end of the device to enter the second end are generated because of such arrangement of magnets. Several pairs of magnets are placed side by side between one end and the other end of the device, each
magnet being directed to the opposite magnet with opposite polarity, thus forming magnetic pairs which generate a transversal magnetic field, the lines of force of which, still shown in Figure 7. come out of the north of a magnet to enter the south of the opposite magnet. It is further provided that the quadripole placed at the output end of the device is followed by an area subjected to a constant transversal magnetic field, which is 30 mm llong, without any next reversall of polarity up to the output of the device Advantageously, the half shelis 8a and 8b are made of metal material, preferably ferromagnetic material, to perform a magnetic shielding function of the system. As an alternative to the use of a number of permanent magnets distributed according to a suitable geometry inside the half shells, a third embodiment provides a radial polarization of a cylindrical magnet with any llength (the inside surface of the cylinder having opposite polarity to the outside surface) even though consisting of two halves coupled as shells. A similar result can be achieved by providing the use of magnetic material in the form of two compact half shells, each half shell being magnetized permanently all over its useful surface or differentiated areas with any polarization and any size of the surface extension. Some preferred embodiments of the invention have been described above, however, it should be understood that a number of modifications can be made without
departing from the scope of the invention if based on the same inventive step, i.e. whenever the lines of force of magnetic fields are caused to cross one another for the magnetization of a fluid by a system of two or more shells which can be assembled without any limit of shape and material used and/or by any fastening system to each other and to the piping subjected to the treatment of such shells as well as without any limit regarding the type of fluid to be subjected to a treatment and the purposes of the treatment itself.
1. A magnetic device for the treatment of fluids flowing through a pipe (6), characterized in that there is provided an assembly having a plurality of permanent magnets (10) arranged to apply magnetic fields to the fluid and directed according to atleast two axes along the same direction of flow of the fluid to obtain bi/three- dimensional crossings of the lines of force within the fluid, such that the axes of application of the fields are three orthogonal axes with origin on the axis of the pipe (6).
2. The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein said assembly comprises at least two half shells capable of being coupled by radial approach around the pipe where the fluid to be treated is flowing.
3. The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the arrangement of the pairs of magnets are provided having both opposite and the same polarities.
4. The device as claimed in claim 2, wherein said assembly comprises a radially polarized cylindrical magnet with any length so that its inside surface has a polarity opposite to the outside surface, said cylindrical magnet being always made by two half shells which is coupled to each other.
5. The device as claimed in claim 2, wherein said assembly comprises a magnetic material in the form of two compact half shells, each half shell being magnetized permanently all over its useful surface or differentiated areas with any polarization and any size of the surface extension, such as herein described.
6. The device as claimed in claim 2, optionally comprising a cylindrical member containing permanent magnets in its interior pairs in a varying number which are arranged to obtain magnetic fields perpendicular to one another to be applied to a fluid current flowing coaxially, the lines of force of such fields intersecting inside the same fluid current, said cylindrical member being shaped so as to receive
without obstacle the pipe where a fluid and/or a mixture of fluids, liquids and/or gases to be treated is flowing.
7. The device as claimed in claim 6, wherein said cylindrical member consists of two half shells which are separated by section planes lying on the axis of the piping to be treated and which are coupled to each other at the installation of the device on the fluid feeding piping and being fixed to each other by any known mechanical means.
8. The device as claimed in claim 2, wherein inside said shells, a plurality of magnets are disposed near their ends so that at least a quadripole consisting of two pairs of magnets disposed along the same circumference is formed after the assembling of the two half shells, the magnets of one pair being parallel to each other and orthogonal to those of the other pair.
9. The device as claimed in claim 8, wherein the north of each magnet in any pair is directed to the north of the opposite magnet at one end of the device, while the magnets of the quadripole at the other end are reversed with respect to the quadripole of the first end so that homopolar quadripoles whose lines of force come out of the first end of the device to enter the second end are formed.
10. The device as claimed in claims 8 and 9, wherein several pairs of magnets are placed side by side between one end and the other end of the device, each magnet being directed to the opposite magnet with opposite polarity, thus forming magnetic pairs which generate a transversal magnetic field with respect to the direction of the fluid current to be magnetized and to the lines of force of homopolar quadripoles.
11. The device as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the two half shells are made of metal, preferably ferromagnetic material.
12. The device as claimed in any of the claims 8 to 11, wherein the quadripole placed at the output end of the device is followed by an area subjected to a constant transversal magnetic field, which is 30 mm long, without any next reversal of polarity up to the output of the device.
|Indian Patent Application Number||1993/DELNP/2005|
|PG Journal Number||09/2011|
|Date of Filing||10-May-2005|
|Name of Patentee||ITEMA S.N.C. DI ALESSANDRO PIZZUTI & C.|
|Applicant Address||VIA MAR GLACIALE ARTICO, 51, IT-ROMA (IT)|
|PCT International Classification Number||C02F 1/48|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/IT2003/000609|
|PCT International Filing date||2003-10-08|