Title of Invention

"NOVEL ANTHRANILAMIDE INSECTISIDES"

Abstract An anthranilamide of formula I, its -N-oxide or suitable salts thereof (Formula Removed) A is 0 or S(0)m; A is 0 or S(0)m; J is a phenyl optionally substituted with one to four substituents independently selected from the group R15 or J is a heterocyclic ring selected from the group consisting of (Formula Removed) wherein R1 ,R2 , R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8 , R9 , R10 , R11 and R12 are defined in the claims and description.
Full Text The present invention relates to an anthranilamide insecticides
HELP OF THE INVENTION
This invention relates to certain heterocyclic amides, their N-oxides, salts and compositions suitable for agronomic and nonagronomic uses, including those uses listed below, and a method of their use for controlling invertebrate pests in both agronomic and nonagronomic environments.
The control of invertebrate pests is extremely important in achieving high crop efficiency. Damage by invertebrate pests to growing and stored agronomic crops can cause significant reduction in productivity and thereby result in increased costs to the consumer. The control of invertebrate pests in forestry,' greenhouse crops, ornamentals, nursery crops, stored food and fiber products, livestock, household, and public and animal health is also important. Many products are commercially available for these purposes, but the need continues for new compounds that are more effective, less costly, less toxic, environmentally safer or have different modes of action.
PCT Publication WO01/070671 discloses iV-acyl anthraniKc acid derivatives of Formula i as arthroporhcides
(Formula Removed)
wherein, inter alia, A and B are independently O or S; J is an optionally substituted phenyl ring, 5- or 6-membered heteroaromatic ring, naphthyl ring system or an aromatic 8-, 9- or 10-membered fused heterobicyclic ring system, R1 and R3 are independently H or optionally substituted C1-C6 alkyl; R2 is H or C1-C6 alkyl; each R4 is independently H, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, halogen or CN; andnis 1 to 4.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This invention provides a compound of Formula I, an N-oxide or agriculturally
(Formula Removed)

A is O or S(0)m;
J is a phenyl optionally substituted with one to four substituents independently
selected from the group R15; or J is a heterocyclic ring selected from the group consisting of Rl3
(Formula Removed)
each R1 is independently selected from the group consisting of C1-C6 alkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl, C2-C6 alkynyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, C2-C6 haloalkenyl, C2-C6 haloalkynyl, C3-C6 halocycloalkyl, halogen, CN, N02, hydroxy, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 haloallcoxy, C1-C4 alkylthto, C1-C4 alkylsulfinyl, C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl, C1-C4 haloalkylfhio, C1-C4 haloalkylsulfmyl, C1-C4 haloalkylsulfonyl, C2-C4 alkoxycarbonyl, C2-C4 alkylammocarbonyl, C3-C5 dialkylaminocarbonyl, Cj-C4 alkylamino, C2-C8 dialkylamino, C3-C6 cycloalkylamino and C3-C6 trialkylsilyl; or
each R1 is independently selected from the group consisting of phenyl, benzyl and phenoxy, each optionally substituted with C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C2-C4 alkynyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C2-C4 haloallcenyl, C2-C4 haloalkynyl, C3-C6 halocycloalkyl, halogen, CN, N02, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 alkylthio, Cx-C4 alkylsulfinyl, C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl, C1-C4 alkylamino, C2-C6 dialkylamino, C3-C6 cycloalkylamino, C4-c7 (alkyl)cycloalkylamino, C2-C4 alkylcarbonyl, C2-C6 alkoxycarbonyl, C2-C6 alkylaminocarbonyl, C3-C3 dialkylaminocarbonyl or C3-C5 trialkylsilyl;
R2 is H; or C1-C6 alkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl or C3-C6 cycloalkyl, each optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, CN, N02, hydroxy, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkylthio, C1-C4 alkylsulfinyl, C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl, C2-C4 alkoxycarbonyl, C1-C4 alkylamino, C2-Cs dialkylamino and C3-C6 cycloalkylamino; or
R2 is C2-C6 alkylcarbonyl, C2-C6 alkoxycarbonyl, C2-C6 alkylaminocarbonyl or C3-C8 dialkylaminocarbonyl;
R3 is H, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 alkenyl, C1-C6 alkynyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkylamino, C2-C8 dialkylamino, C3-C6 cycloalkylamino, C2-C6 alkoxycarbonyl or C2-C6 alkylcarbonyl;
R4, R5, R6, R7, R8 and R9 are each independently H, Cj -C4 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl;
R10 and R11 are each independently C1-C4 alkyl or Ci-C4 alkoxy;
R12 is C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy or phenyl optionally substituted with one to three substituents selected from the group R17;
each R13 is independently selected from the group consisting of H, C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, halogen, CN, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 alkoxycarbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthio, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkylthio, C1-C4 haloalkylsulfinyl and C1-C4 haloalkylsulfonyl;
R14 is C1-C6 alkyl optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, CN, N02, hydroxy, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkylthio, C1-C4 alkylsulfinyl, C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl, C2-C4 alkoxycarbonyl, C1-C4 alkylamino, C2-C8 dialkylamino and C3-C6 cycloalkylamino; or phenyl optionally substituted with one to three substituents selected from R17; or
Rl4is
(Formula Removed)
R15 is C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, halogen, CN, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkylthio, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkylthio, C1-C4 haloalkylsulfinyl or C1-C4 haloalkylsulfonyl; or R15 is phenyl or pyridyl optionally substituted with one to three R17; Rl« is H, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, C3-C6 alkenyl, C3-C6 haloalkenyl, C3-C6
alkynyl or C3-C6 haloalkynyl; each R17 is independently C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, halogen, CN, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkylthio, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkylthio, C2-C4 haloalkylsulfinyl or C1-C4 haloalkylsulfonyl; m is 0, 1 or 2; nisO, 1,2, 3 or 4; r is 0 or 1; and s is 0,1 or 2. This invention also provides a method for controlling invertebrate pests comprising contacting the invertebrate pest or its environment with a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula I, an N-oxide thereof or a suitable salt of the compound (e.g., as a composition described herein). This invention also provides a method wherein the invertebrate pest or its environment is contacted with a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula I or a composition comprising a compound of Formula I, an iV-oxide thereof or a suitable salt of the compound and a biologically effective amount of at least one additional compound or agent for controlling invertebrate pests.
This invention also provides a composition for controlling invertebrate pests comprising a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula I, an Af-oxide thereof or a suitable salt of the compound and at least one additional component selected from the group consisting of a surfactant, a solid diluent and a liquid diluent. This invention also provides a composition comprising a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula I, an iV-oxide thereof or a suitable salt of the compound and an effective amount of at least one additional biologically active compound or agent. DETAILS OF THE INVENTION In the above recitations, the term "alkyl", used either alone or in compound words such as "alkylthio" or "haloalkyl" includes straight-chain or branched alkyl, such as, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, i-propyl, or the different butyl, pentyl or hexyl isomers. "Alkenyl" includes straight-chain or branched alkenes such as ethenyl, 1-propenyl, 2-propenyl, and the different butenyl, pentenyl and hexenyl isomers. "Alkenyl" also includes polyenes such as 1,2-propadieriyl and 2,4-hexadienyl. "Alkynyl" includes straight-chain or branched alkynes such as ethynyl, 1-propynyl, 2-propynyl and the different butynyl, pentynyl and hexynyl isomers. "Alkynyl" can also include moieties comprised of multiple triple bonds such as 2,5-hexadiynyl. "Alkoxy" includes, for example, methoxy, ethoxy, n-propyloxy,
isopropyloxy and the different butoxy, pentoxy and hexyloxy isomers. "Alkylthio" includes branched or straight-chain alkylthio moieties such as methylthio, ethylthio, and the different piopylthio and btitylthio isomers. "Alkylsulfinyl" includes both enantiomers of an alkylsulfinyl group. Examples of "alkylsulfiny!" include CH3S(0), CH3CH2S(0), CH3CH2CH2S(0), (CH3)2CHS(0) and the different butylsulfinyl isomers. Examples of "alkylsulfonyl" include CH3S(0)2, CH3CH2S(0)2. CH3CH2CH2S(0)2, (CH3)2CHS(0)2 and the different butylsulfonyl isomers. "Alkylamino", "dialkylamino", and the like, are defined analogously to the above examples. "Cycloalkyl" includes, for example, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, and cyclohexyl. The term "cycloalkylamino" includes the same groups linked through a nitrogen atom such as cyclopentylamino and cyclohexylamino.
The term "hetero" in connection with rings or ring systems refers to a ring or ring system in which at least one ring atom is not carbon and which can contain 1 to 4 beteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur, provided that each ring contains no more than 4 nitrogens, no more than 2 oxygens and no more than 2 sulfurs. The terms "heteroaromatic ring or ring system" and "aromatic fused heterobicyclic ring system" includes fully aromatic heterocycles and heterocycles in which at least one ring of a polycyclic ring system is aromatic (where aromatic indicates that the Hiickel rule is satisfied). The heterocyclic ring or ring system can be attached through any available carbon or nitrogen by replacement of a hydrogen on said carbon or nitrogen.
The term "halogen", either alone or in compound words such as "haloalkyi", includes fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine. Further, when used in compound words such as "haloalkyi" or "halocycloalkyl", said alkyl or cycloalkyl may be partially or fully substituted with halogen atoms which may be the same or different. Examples of "haloalkyi" include F3C, C1CH2, CF3CH2 and CF3CCI2. The terms "haloalkenyl", "haloalkynyl", "haloalkoxy", "naloalkylthio", and the like, are defined analogously to the term "haloalkyi". Examples of "haloalkenyl" include (C1)2C=CHCH2 and CF3CH2CH=CHCH2. Examples of "haloalkynyl" include HOCCHC1, CF3C=C, CCl3CsC and FCH2CsCCH2. Examples of "haloalkoxy" include CF30, CC13CH20, HCF2CH2CH20 and CF3CH20. Examples of "haloalkylthio" include CCI3S, CF3S, CC13CH2S and C]CH2CH2CH2S. Examples of "haloalkylsulfinyl" include CF3S(0), CC13S(0), CF3CH2S(0) and CF3CF2S(0). Examples of "haloalkylsulfonyl" include CF3S(0)2, CC13S(0)2, CF3CH2S(0)2 and CF3CF2S(0)2.
Examples of "alkylcarbonyl" include C(0)CH3, C(0)CH2CH2CH3 and C(0)CH(CH3)2. Examples of "alkoxycarbonyl" include CH3OC(=0), CH3CH2OC(=0), CH3CH2CH2OC(=0), (CH3)2CHOC(=0) and the different butoxy- or pentoxycarbonyl isomers. Examples of "alkylaminocarbonyl" include CH3NHC{=0), CH3CH2NHC(=0), CH3CH2CH2NHC(=O),(CH3)2CHOC(=0) and the different butylamino or
-rrerrrjpentylaminocarbonyk isomers. Wxamples of "diaalkylaaminocarbonyl" include
(CH3)2NC(=0), (CH3CH2)2NC(=0), CH3CH2(CH3)NC(=0), CH3CH2CH2(CH3)NC(=0) and (CH3)2CHN(CH3)C(=0).
The total number of carbon atoms in a substituent group is indicated by the "Ci-Cj" prefix where i and j are numbers from 1 to 8. For example, C, alkylsulfonyl designates methylsulfonyl through propylsulfonyl; C2 alkoxyalkyl designates CH3OCH2; C3 alkoxyalkyl designates, for example, CH3CH(OCH3), CH3OCH2CH2 or CH3CH2OCH2; and C4 alkoxyalkyl designates the various isomers of an alkyl group substituted with an alkoxy group containing a total of four carbon atoms, examples including CH3CH2CH2OCH2 and CH3CH2OCH2CH2.
In the above recitations, when a compound of Formula I is comprised of one or more heterocyclic rings, all substituents are attached to these rings through any available carbon or nitrogen by replacement of a hydrogen on said carbon or nitrogen.
When a compound is substituted with a substituent bearing a subscript that indicates the number of said substituents can exceed 1, said substituents (when they exceed 1) are independently selected from the group of defined substituents. Further, when the subscript indicates a range, e.g. (R)i_;, then the number of substituents may be selected from the integers between i and j inclusive.
When a group contains a substituent which can be hydrogen, for example R13, then, when this substituent is taken as hydrogen, it is recognized that this is equivalent to said group being unsubstituted. When the number of optional substituents on a group is 0, for example when n is 0, then it is recognized that this is equivalent to said group being unsubstituted. When a bond is depicted as floating, the substituent may be attached to any of the available carbons on the ring by replacement of hydrogen.
Compounds of this invention can exist as one or more stereoisomers. The various stereoisomers include enantiomers, diastereomers, atropisomers and geometric isomers. One skilled in the art will appreciate that one stereoisomer may be more active and/or may exhibit beneficial effects when enriched relative to the other stereoisomer(s) or when separated from the other stereoisomer(s). Additionally, the skilled artisan knows how to separate, enrich, and/or to selectively prepare said stereoisomers. Accordingly, the present invention comprises compounds selected from Formula I, JV-oxides and agriculturally suitable salts thereof. The compounds of the invention may be present as a mixture of stereoisomers, individual stereoisomers, or as an optically active form.
One skilled in the art will appreciate that not all nitrogen containing heterocycles can form N-oxides since the nitrogen requires an available lone pair for oxidation to the oxide; one skilled in the art will recognize those nitrogen containing heterocycles which can form N-oxides. One skilled in the art will also recognize that tertiary amines can form N-oxide. Synthetic methods for the preparation of N-oxide of heterocycles and tertiary amines are very well known by one skilled in the art including the oxidation of heterocycles and tertiary
amines with peroxy acids such as peracetic and m-chloropeibenzoic acid (MCPBA), hydrogen peroxide, alkyl hydroperoxides such as f-butyl hydroperoxide, sodium perborate, and dioxiranes such as dimethyldioxirane. These methods for the preparation of iV-oxides have been extensively described and reviewed in the literature, see for example: T. L. Gilchrist in Compreliensive Organic Synthesis, vol. 7, pp 748-750, S. V. Ley, Ed.. Pergamon Press; M. Tisler and B. Stanovnik in Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry, vol. 3, pp 18-20, A. J. Boulton and A. McKillop, Eds., Pergamon Press; M. R. Grimmett and B. R. T. Keene in Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry, vol. 43, pp 149-161, A. R. Katritzky, Ed., Academic Press; M. Tisler and B. Stanovnik in Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry, vol. 9, pp 285-291, A. R. Katritzky and A. I. Bouton, Eds., Academic Press; and G. W. H. Cheeseman and E. S. G. Werstiuk in Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry, vol. 22, pp 390-392, A. R. Katritzky and A. J. Boulton, Eds., Academic Press.
The salts of the compounds of the invention include acid-addition salts with inorganic or organic acids such as hydrobromic, hydrochloric, nitric, phosphoric, sulfuric, acetic, butyric, fumaric, lactic, maleic, malonic, oxalic, propionic, salicylic, tartaric, 4-toluenesulfonic or valeric acids.
Preferred compounds for reasons of better activity and/or ease of synthesis are: Preferred 1. Compounds of Formula I above, and ^V-oxides and suitable salts thereof, wherein
AisS(0}m;
one of the R1 groups is attached to the phenyl ring at the 2-position, and said R1 is C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, halogen, CN, N02, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, Cj-C-4 alkylthio, C1-C4 alkylsulfinyl, C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl, C1-C4 haloalkylthio, C1-C4 haloalkylsuffinyl ot C1-C4 haloalkylsulfonyl; R2 and R3 are each independently H, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-Q alkenyl, C2-C4 alkynyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkylcarbonyl or C1-C6 alkoxycarbonyi; R4, R5, R6 and R7 are each independently H or Me; R«andR9areH; Rl°,R"andR12areMe; n is 1 or 2; and risl. Preferred 2. Compounds of Preferred 1 wherein
each Rl is independently CH3, CF3, OCF3, OCHF2, S(0)pCF3, S(0)pCHF2,
CN or halogen; R2 and R3 are II; and
p is 0,1 or2.
Preferred 3. Compounds of Preferred 2 wherein
each R13 is H, CH3, CF3, CH2CF3, CHF2, OCH2CF3, OCHF2 or halogen; R14 is phenyl optionally substituted with one to two substituents selected from
R";or R"is

(Formula Removed)

R15 and Rl7 are each independently C2-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, halogen (
CN; each R16 is CH2CF3 or CHF2; and sisOorl. Preferred 4. Compounds of Preferred 3 wherein
each R13 is independently halogen, OCH2CF3, OCHF2 or CF3; Rl3 is
(Formula Removed)
; and Rl7isF,ClorBr. Preferred 5. Compounds of Preferred 4 wherein
R6andR7areH. Preferred 6. Compounds of Preferred 5 wherein
JisJ-l,J-2,J-4orJ-8. Preferred 7. Compounds of Preferred 6 wherein JisJ-1;
the R1 group attached to the phenyl ring at the 2-position is CH3, F, CI or Br; a second R1 group is attached to the phenyl ring at the 4-position position, and said second R1 is CN, CF3, F, CI, Br or I; R13 is independently CI, Br, OCH2CF3, or CF3; and nis2. The preferred compositions and preferred methods of use of the present invention are lose which comprise the above preferred compounds.
The compounds of Formula I can be prepared by one or more of the following methods and variations as described in Schemes 1-15. The definitions of J, A, R1, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, R11, R12, R13, R14, R16, R17, n and r in the compounds of Formulae 1-49 below are as defined above in the Summary of the Invention unless indicated otherwise. Rla andRlb are defined as Rl. Compounds of Formula 5a, 5b and 13a are various subsets of the compounds of Formula 5 and 13
Compounds of Formula I can be prepared by the reaction of benzoxazinones of Formula 2 with amines of Formula 3 as outlined in Scheme 1.
Scheme 1

(Scheme Removed)
Q is (CR4R5)-(CR6R7)-A-(CR8R9)rSi(RI0R11R12)
The reaction can be run neat or in a variety of suitable solvents including tetrahydrofuran, diethyl ether, dichloromethane and chloroform with optimum temperatures ranging from room temperature to the reflux temperature of the solvent. The general reaction of benzoxazinones with amines to produce anthranilamides is well documented in the chemical literature. For a review of benzoxazinone chemistry see Jakobsen et al., Biorgcaiic and Medicinal Chemistry 2000, 8, 2095-2103 and references cited within. See also G. M. Coppola, /. Heterocyclic Chemistry 1999,36, 563-588. For the synthesis of amines of Formula 3 see WO 02/062807.
Benzoxazinones of Formula 2 can be prepared by a variety of methods. Two methods that are especially useful are detailed in Schemes 2-3. In Scheme 2, a benzoxazinone of Formula 2 is prepared directly via coupling of a carboxylic acid of Formula 4 with an anthranilic acid of Formula 5.
(Scheme Removed)
Scheme 2 .

This involves sequential addition of methanesulfonyl chloride in the presence of a tertiary amine such as triethylamine or pyridine to a pyrazolecarboxylic acid of Formula 4, followed by the addition of an anthranilic acid of Formula 5, followed by a second addition of the tertiary amine and methanesulfonyl chloride. This method generally affords good yields of the benzoxazinone and is illustrated with greater detail in Example 1.
Scheme 3 depicts an alternate preparation for benzoxazinones of Formula 2 involving coupling of an acid chloride of Formula 7 with an isatoic anhydride of Formula 6 to provide the benzoxazinone of Formula 2 directly.
Scheme 3
(Scheme Removed)
Solvents such as pyridine or pyridine/acetonitrile are suitable for this reaction. The acid chlorides of Formula 7 are available from the corresponding acids of Formula 4 by known methods such as chlorination with thionyl chloride or oxalyl chloride.
Anthranilic acids of Formula 5 are available by a variety of known methods. Many of these compounds are known. As shown in Scheme 4, anthranilic acids of Formula 5b containing an R1b substituent of chloro, bromo or iodo can be prepared by direct haJogenation of an unsubstituted anthranilic acid of Formula 5a with iV-chlorosuccinimide (NCS), N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) or N-iodosuccinimide (NIS) respectively in a suitable solvent such as N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). The anthranilic acids of Formula 5b represent intermediates for a preferred set of compounds of Formula I.

(Formula Removed)

Preparation of the isatoic anhydrides of Formula 6 can be achieved from isatins of Formula 9 as outlined in Scheme 5.
Scheme 5
(Scheme Removed)
Isatins of Formula 9 are available from aniline derivatives of Formula 8 following literature procedures such as F. D. Popp, Adv. Heterocycl. Chem. 1975,18, 1-58 and 1. F. M. DaSilva et al., Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society 2001, 72(3), 273-324. Oxidation of isatin 9 with hydrogen peroxide generally affords good yields of the corresponding isatoic anhydride 6 (G. Reissenweber and D. Mangold, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 1980,19, 222-223). Isatoic anhydrides are also available from the anthranilic acids 5 via many known procedures involving reaction of 5 with phosgene or a phosgene equivalent.
Heterocyclic acids 4, where J is equal to an optionally substituted pyrazole, pyrrole, pyridine or pyrrolidine include those of Formula J-l through J-8. More preferred analogs include those derived from the pyrazole acids that are substituted with R14 as an optionally substituted phenyl or pyridyl. Procedures for the synthesis of representative examples of each are detailed in Schemes 6-15.
The synthesis of representative pyrazole carboxylic acids of Formula 13, which are related to Formula J-l wherein R14 is 2-pyridyl and attached to the nitrogen, is depicted in Scheme 6. Reaction of a pyrazole 10 with a 2-halopyridine of Formula 11 affords good yields of the 1-pyridylpyrazole 12 with good specificity for the desired regiochemistry. Metallation of a compound of Formula 12 with lithium diisopropylamide (LDA) followed by quenching of the lithium salt with carbon dioxide affords the pyrazole acids of Formula 13.
(Scheme Removed)

Scheme 6
The starting pyrazoles of Formula 10 wherein R13 is CF3, CI or Br are known compounds. Pyrazole 10 wherein R13 is CF3 can be prepared by literature procedures (/. Fluorine Chem. 1991, 53(1), 61-70). Pyrazoles 10 wherein R13 is CI or Br can also be prepared by literature procedures (H. Reimlinger and A. Van Overstraeten, Cliem. Ber. 1966,99(10), 3350-7). A useful alternative method for the preparation of 10 wherein R13 is CI or Br is depicted in Scheme 7. Metallation of the sulfamoyl pyrazole 14 with n-butyllithium followed by direct halogenation of the anion with either hexachloroethane (for S.13 being CI) or 1,2-dibromotetrachloroethane (for R13 being Br) affords the halogenated derivatives 15. Removal of the sulfamoyl group with trifluoroacetic acid (TFA) at room temperature proceeds cleanly and in good yield to afford the pyrazoles 10 wherein R13 is CI or Br respectively.
Scheme 7
(Scheme Removed)
The synthesis of representative pyrazole acids of Formula 20, which are related to Formula J-2 wherein R14 is 2-pyridyl and attached to the 5 position of the pyrazole ring, is depicted in Scheme 8. Reaction of the dimethylaminoylidene ketoester of Formula 18 with substituted hydrazines affords the pyridylpyrazoles 19. Preferred R16 substituents include alkyl and haloalkyl, with trifluoroethyl especially preferred. The esters 19 are converted to the acids of Formula 20 by standard hydrolysis.
(Scheme Removed)
The synthesis of representative pyrazole acids of Formula 22, which are related to Formula J-3 wherein R14 is 2-pyridyl and attached to the 3 position of the pyrazole ring as well as an alternative synthesis of Formula 20, is depicted in Scheme 9. Reaction of the dimethylaminoylidene ketoester of Formula 18 with hydrazine affords the pyrazole 21. Reaction of the pyrazole 21 with alkylating agents R16-LG (wherein LG is a leaving group such as halogen (e.g., Br, I), OS(0)2CH3 (methanesulfonate), OS(0)2CF3, OS(0)2Ph-p-CH3 (p-toluenesulfonate), and the like) affords a mixture of pyridylpyrazoles. This mixture of pyrazole isomers is readily separated by chromatographic methods and converted to the corresponding acids 20 and 22. Preferred R16 substituents include alkyl and haloalkyl groups.
Scheme 9
(Scheme Removed)
The synthesis of pyrrole acids of Formula 27, which are related to Formula J-4 wherein 3-Chloro-2-aminopyridine 24 is a known compound (see J. Heterocycl. Chem. 1987, 24(5),
1313-16). A convenient preparation of 24 from 2-aminopyridine 23 involves protection, ortho-metallation, chlorination and subsequent deprotection. Treatment of a compound of Formula 24 with 2,5-dimethoxytetrahydrofuran affords pyrrole 25. Formylation of pyrrole 25 to the aldehyde of Formula 26 can be accomplished by using standard Vilsmeier-Haack formylation conditions. Halogenation of a compound of Formula 26 with N-halosuccinimides (NXS) occurs preferentially at the 4 position of the pyrrole ring. Oxidation of the halogenated aldehyde affords the pyridylpyrrole acids of Formula 27. The oxidation can be accomplished by using a variety of standard oxidation conditions. Scheme 10
(Scheme Removed)
The synthesis of pyrrole acids of Formula 33, which are related to Formula J-5 wherein R14 is phenyl or 2-pyridyl and attached to the 2 position of the pyrrole ring, is depicted in Scheme 11. Cycloaddition of an allene of Formula 30 with an aryl sulfonamide of Formula 29 (see Pavri, N. P.; Trudell, M. L. J. Org. Cliem. 1997, 62, 2649-2651) affords the pyroline of Formula 31. Treatment of a pyrroline of Formula 31 with tetrabutylammomum fluoride (TBAF) gives a pyrrole of Formula 32. Reaction of a pyrrole 32 with alkylating agents R16-LG (wherein LG is a leaving group as defined above) followed by hydrolysis affords a pyrrole acid of Formula 33.

(Scheme Removed)

wherein Z is N or CH
The synthesis of pyrrole acids of Formula 36, which are related to Formula J-6 wherein R14 is 2-chlorophenyl or 3-chloro-2-pyridyl, is depicted in Scheme 12. Reaction of a cinnamic ester of Formula 34 with tosylmethyl isocyanide (TosMIC) provides a pyrrole of Formula 35. For a leading reference to this method see, Xu, Z. et al. J. Org. Cliem. 1998, 63, 5031-5041. Reaction of a compound of Formula 35 with an allcylating agent of Formula R16-LG (wherein LG is a leaving group as defined above) followed by hydrolysis of the ester affords a pyrrole acid of Formula 36.
Scheme 12
(Scheme Removed)
The synthesis of pyridine acids of Formula 42, which are related to Formula J-7, is depicted in Scheme 13. This procedure involves the laiown synthesis of pyridines from (3-ketoesters 40 and 4-arninobutenones 39. Substituent groups R13 and R14 include e.g. phenyl, alkyl and haloallcyl.


(Scheme Removed)
The synthesis of pyrrolidine acids of Formula 46, which are related to Formula J-8, is depicted in Scheme 14. This procedure involves the known synthesis of pyrimidmes from vinylidene ketoesters 44 and amidines. Substituent groups R13 and R14 include e.g. phenyl, alky] and haloalkyl.
Scheme 14
(Scheme Removed)
As an alternative to the method illustrated in Scheme 6, pyrazolecarboxylic acids of Formula 13a wherein R13 is CI or Br can be prepared by the method outlined in Scheme 15. Reaction of hydrazinopyridine 47 with diethyl maleate affords pyrazolone 48. Chlorination or bromination with phosphorus oxychloride or phosphorus oxybromide affords the halo derivatives of Formula 49. Oxidization of a compound of Formula 49 optionally in the presence of acid to give a pyrazole ester followed by conversion of the ester function to the carboxylic acid provides a compound of Formula 13a. The oxidizing agent can be hydrogen peroxide, organic peroxides, potassium persulfate, sodium persulfate, ammonium persulfate, potassium monopersulfate (e.g., Oxone®) or potassium permanganate.
Scheme 15
(Scheme Removed)
It is recognized that some reagents and reaction conditions described above for preparing compounds of Formula I may not be compatible with certain functionalities present in the intermediates. In these instances, the incorporation of protection/deprotection sequences or functional group interconversions into the synthesis will aid in obtaining the desired products. The use and choice of the protecting groups will be apparent to one skilled in chemical synthesis (see, for example, Greene, T. W.; Wuts, P. G. M. Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, 2nd ed.; Wiley: New York, 1991). One skilled in the art will recognize that, in some cases, after the introduction of a given reagent as it is depicted in any individual scheme, it may be necessary to perform additional routine synthetic steps not described in detail to compiete the synthesis of compounds of Formula I. One skilled in the art will also recognize that it may be necessary to perform a combination of the steps illustrated in the above schemes in an order other than that implied by the particular seqvsejvce presented to prepare the. compounds of Formula I.
One skilled in the art will also recognize that compounds of Formula I and the intermediates described herein can be subjected to various electrophilic, nucleophilic, radical, organometallic, oxidation, and reduction reactions to add substituents or modify existing substituents.
Without further elaboration, it is believed that one skilled in the art using the preceding description can utilize the present invention to its fullest extent. The following Examples are, therefore, to be construed as merely illustrative, and not limiting of the disclosure in any way whatsoever. Percentages are by weight except for chromatographic solvent mixtures or where otherwise indicated. Parts and percentages for chromatographic solvent mixtures are by volume unless otherwise indicated 1HNMR spectra are reported in ppm downfield from tetramethylsilane; s is singlet, d is doublet, t is triplet, q is quartet, m is multiplet, dd is doublet of doublets, dt is doublet of triplets, br s is broad singlet.
EXAMPLE I
Preparation of 3-Bromo-N-[4-chloro-2-methyl-6-[[[l-methyl-2-
[[(trimethylsilyl)methyl]thio]ethyl]amino]carbonyl]phenyl]-l-(3-chloro-2-pyridinyl)-lH-
pyrazole-5-carboxamide
Step A: Preparation of Ethyl 2-(3-Chloro-2-pvridinylV5-oxo-3-
pyrazolidinecarboxylate A 2-L four-necked flask equipped with a mechanical stirrer, thermometer, addition funnel, reflux condenser, and nitrogen inlet was charged with absolute ethanol (250 mL) and an ethanolic solution of sodium ethoxide (21%, 190 mL, 0.504 mol). The mixture was heated to reflux at about 83 °C. It was then treated with 3-chloro-2(H)-pyridinone hydrazone (68.0 g, 0.474 mol). The mixture was re-heated to reflux over a period of 5 minutes. The yellow slurry was then treated dropwise with diethyl maleate (88.0 mL, 0.544 mol) over a period of 5 minutes. The reflux rate increased markedly during the addition. By the end of the addition all of the starting material had dissolved. The resulting orange-red solution was held at reflux for 10 minutes. After being cooled to 65 °C, the reaction mixture was treated with glacial acetic acid (50.0 mL, 0.873 mol). A precipitate formed. The mixture was diluted with water (650 mL), causing the precipitate to dissolve. The orange solution was cooled in an ice bath. Product began to precipitate at 28 °C. The slurry was held at about 2 °C for 2 hours. The product was isolated via filtration, washed with aqueous ethanol (40%, 3 x 50 mL), and then air-dried on the filter for about 1 hour. The title product compound was obtained as a highly crystalline, light orange powder (70.3 g, 55% yield). No significant impurities were observed by 1H NMR.
1H NMR (DMSO-d6)  1.22 (t, 3H), 2.35 (d, IH), 2.91 (dd, IH), 4.20 (q, 2H), 4.84 (d, IH), 7.20 (dd, IH), 7.92 (d, IH), 8.27 (d, IH), 10.18 (s, IH).
StepB: Preparation of Ethyl 3-Bromo-l-(3-chloro-2-pyridinyl)-4.5-dihvdro-lH-
pvrazole-5-carboxvlate A 1-L four-necked flask equipped with a mechanical stirrer, thermometer, reflux condenser, and nitrogen inlet was charged with acetonitrile (400 mL), ethyl 2-(3-chloro-2-pyridinyl)-5-oxo-3-pyrazolidinecarboxylate (i.e. the product of Step A) (50.0 g, 0.185 mol) and phosphorus oxybromide (34.0 g, 0.119 mol). The orange slurry was heated to reflux at 83 °C over a period of 20 minutes. The resulting turbid, orange solution was held at reflux for 75 minutes, at which time a dense, tan, crystalline precipitate had formed. The reflux condenser was replaced with a distillation head, and a cloudy, colorless distillate (300 mL) was collected. A second 1-L four-necked flask equipped with a mechanical stirrer was charged with sodium bicarbonate (45 g, 0.54 mol) and water (200 mL). The concentratedreaction mixture was added to the sodium bicarbonate slurry over a period of 5 minutes. The resulting two-phase mixture was stirred vigorously for 5 minutes, at which time gas evolution had ceased. The mixture was diluted with dichloromethane (200 mL) and then was stirred for 75 minutes. The mixture was treated with 5 g of Celite® 545 diatomaceous filter aid and then filtered to remove a brown, tarry substance. The filtrate was transferred to a separatory funnel. The brown organic layer (400 mL) was separated and then was treated with magnesium sulfate (15 g) and Darco® G60 activated charcoal (2.0 g). The resulting slurry was stirred magnetically for 15 minutes and then filtered to remove the magnesium sulfate and charcoal. The green filtrate was treated with silica gel (3 g) and stirred for several minutes. The deep blue-green silica gel was removed by filtration, and die filtrate was concentrated on a rotary evaporator. The product consisted of a light amber oil (58.6 g, 95% yield), which crystallized upon standing. The only appreciable impurity observed by 1H NMR was 0.3% acetonitrile.
1H NMR (DMSO-d6)  1.15 (t, 3H), 3.29 (dd, IH), 3.60 (dd, IH), 4.11 (q, 2H), 5.20 (dd, IH), 6.99 (dd, IH), 7.84 (d, IH), 8.12 (d, IH).
Steg_C: Preparation of Ethyl 3-Bromo-l-(3-chloro-2-pvridinvD-l.r?-Pvrazole-5-
carboxvlate
A 1-L four-necked flask equipped with a mechanical stirrer, thermometer, reflux
condenser, and nitrogen inlet was charged with ethyl 3-bromo-l-(3-chloro-2-pyridinyl)-
4,5-dihydro-li?-pyrazole-5-carboxylate (i.e. the product of Step B) (40.2 g, 0.121 mol),
acetonitrile (300 mL) and sulfuric acid (98%, 13.0 mL, 0.245 mol). The mixture self-heated
from 22 to 36 °C upon adding the sulfuric acid. After being stirred for several minutes, the
mixture was treated with potassium persulfate (48.0 g, 0.178 mol). The slurry was heated to
reflux at 84 °C for 2 hours. The resulting orange slurry while still warm (50-65 °C) was
filtered to remove a white precipitate. The filter cake was washed with acetonitrile (2 x 50
mL). The filtrate was concentrated to about 200 mL on a rotary evaporator. A second 1-L
four-necked flask equipped with a mechanical stirrer was charged with water (400 mL). The
concentrated reaction mass was added to the water over a period of about 5 minutes. The
product was isolated via filtration, washed sequentially with aqueous acetonitrile (20%,
100 mL) and water (75 mL), and was then air-dried on the filter for 1 hour. The product
consisted of a crystalline, orange powder (36.6 g, 90% yield). The only appreciable
impurities observed by1H NMR were about 1% of an unknown and 0.5% acetonitrile.
41 NMR (DMSO-d6)  1.09 (t, 3H), 4.16 (q, 2H), 7.35 (s, IH), 7.72 (dd, IH), 8.39 (d, IH),
8.59 (d, IH).
Step D: Preparation of 3-Bromo-l-(3-chloro-2-pvridinvI)-lH-pvrazole-5-carboxvIic
A~300-mL four-necked flask equipped with a mechanical stirrer, tnermometer, and nitrogen inlet was charged with ethyl 3-bromo-l-(3-chloro-2-pyridinyl)-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxylate (i.e. the product of Step C) (98.5% pure, 25.0 g, 0.0756 mol), methanol (75 mL), water (50 mL), and sodium hydroxide pellets (3.30 g, 0.0825 mol). Upon adding the sodium hydroxide the mixture self-heated from 29 to 34 °C and the starting material began to dissolve. After being stirred for 90 minutes under ambient conditions, all of the starting material had dissolved. The resulting dark orange solution was concentrated to about 90 mL on a rotary evaporator. The concentrated reaction mixture was then diluted with water (160 mL). The aqueous solution was extracted with ether (100 mL). Then the aqueous layer was transferred to a 500-mL Erlenmeyer flask equipped with a magnetic stirrer. The solution was treated dropwise with concentrated hydrochloric acid (8.50 g, 0.0839 mol) over a period of about 10 minutes. The product was isolated via filtration, reslurried with water (2 x 40 mL), cover washed once with water (25 mL), and then air-dried on the filter for 2 hours. The product consisted of a crystalline, tan powder (20.9 g, 91% yield). The only appreciable impurities observed by 1H NMR were about 0.8% of an unknown and 0.7% ether.
1H NMR (DMSO-d6)  7.25 (s, IH), 13.95 (br s, IH), 8.56 (d, IH), 8.25 (d, IH), 7.68 (dd, IH).
Step E: Preparation of 2-r3-Bromo-l-(3-chloro-2-pvridinyl)-lH-pvrazol-5-vll-
6-chloro-8-methyl-4H-3.1-benzoxazin-4-one Methanesulfonyl chloride (1.0 mL, 1.5 g, 13 mmol) was dissolved in acetonitrile (10 mL), and the mixture was cooled to -5 °C. A solution of 3-bromo-l-(3-chloro-2-pyridiny])-lff-pyrazole-5-carboxyIic acid (i.e. the product of Step D) (3.02 g, 10 mmol) and pyridine (1.4 mL, 1.4 g, 17 mmol) in acetonitrile (10 mL) was added dropwise over 5 minutes at -5 to 0 °C. A slurry formed during the addition. The mixture was stirred 5 minutes at this temperature, and then a mixture of 2-amino-3-methyl-5-chlorobenzoic acid (1.86 g, 10 mmol) and pyridine (2.8 mL, 2.7 g, 35 mmol) in acetonitrile (10 mL) was added, rinsing with more acetonitrile (5 mL). The mixture was stirred 15 minutes at -5 to 0 °C, and then methanesulfonyl chloride (1.0 mL, 1.5 mL, 13 mmol) in acetonitrile (5 mL) was added dropwise over 5 minutes at a temperature of-5 to 0 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred 15 minutes more at this temperature, then allowed to warm slowly to room temperature, and stirred 4 h. Water (20 mL) was added dropwise, and the mixture was stirred 15 minutes. Then the mixture was filtered, and the solids were washed with 2:1 acetonitrile-water (3x3 mL), then with acetonitrile (2x3 mL), and dried under nitrogen to afford the title product as a light yellow powder, 4.07 g (90.2% crude yield), melting at 203-205 °C. HPLC of the product using a Zorbax® RX-C8 chromatography column (4.6 mm x 25 cm, eluent 25-95% acetonitrile/ pH 3 water) showed a major peak corresponding to the title compound and having 95.7% of total chromatogram peak area.
1H NMR (DMSO-d6)  1.72 (s, 3H) 7.52 (s, IH), 7.72-7.78 (m, 2H), 7.88 (m, IH), 8.37 (dd, IH), 8.62 (dd, IH).
StepF: Preparation of 3-Bromo-N-[4-chloro-2-methyl-6-[[[-methyl-2-
[[("trimethylsily])methy]]thio1ethyi1]anMno]carbonyl]phenv?1-l-('3-chloro-2-pyridinvl}]-lH-pvrazole-5-carboxamide To a solution of 2-[3-bromo-l-(3-chloro-2-pyridinyl)-lH-pyrazol-5-yl]-6-cbloro-8-methyl-4H-3,l-benzoxazin-4-one (i.e. the benzoxazinone product of Step E) (0.23 g, 0.51 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran was added l-trimethylsilylmethylthio-2-propylamine (0.103 g, 0.58 mmol), and the reaction mixture was heated to 80°C for 3 hours and then cooled to room temperature. The tetrahydrofuran solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, and the residual solid was chromatographed on silica gel with hexanes/ethyl acetate as eluent (5:1) to afford the title compound, a compound of the present invention, as a white solid (73 mg), m.p. 151-153 °C.
lH NMR (CDC13)  0.097 (s,9H), 1.30 (d,3H), 1.83 (s,2H), 2.19 (s,3H), 2.70 (d,2H), 4.32 (m,lH), 6.22 (bd,lH), 7.22 (m,2H), 7.05 (s,lH), 7.28 (m,2H), 7.38 (dd,lH), 7.84 (dd,lH), 8.45 (dd,lH), 10.10 (bs,lH).
By the procedures described herein together with methods known in the art, the following compounds of Tables 1 to 8 can be prepared. The following abbreviations are used in the Tables: Me is methyl and CN is cyano. Tab
(Table Removed)
Table 2
(Table Removed)

Table 3
(Table Removed)
Table 4
(Table Removed)
Table 5
(Table Removed)
Table 6
(Table Removed)
Formulation/Utility
Compounds of this invention will generally be used as a formulation or composition with a carrier suitable for agronomic or nonagronomic use comprising at least one of a liquid diluent, a solid diluent or a surfactant. The formulation or composition ingredients are selected to be consistent with the physical properties of the active ingredient, mode of application and environmental factors such as soil type, moisture and temperature. Useful formulations include liquids such as solutions (including emulsifiable concentrates), suspensions, emulsions (including microemulsions and/or suspoemulsions) and the like which optionally can be thickened into gels. Useful formulations further include solids such as dusts, powders, granules, pellets, tablets, films, and the like which can be water-dispersible ("wettable") or water-soluble. Active ingredient can be (micro)encapsulated and further formed into a suspension or solid formulation; alternatively the entire formulation of active ingredient can be encapsulated (or "overcoated"). Encapsulation can control or delay release of the active ingredient. Sprayable formulations can be extended in suitable media and used at spray volumes from about one to several hundred liters per hectare. High-strength compositions are primarily used as intermediates for further formulation.
The formulations will typically contain effective amounts of active ingredient, diluent and surfactant within the following approximate ranges that add up to 100 percent by weight.
Weight Percent
Active
Ingredient Diluent Surfactant
Water-Dispersible and Water-soluble 5-90 0-94 1-15
Granules, Tablets and Powders.
Suspensions, Emulsions, Solutions 5-50 40-95 0-15
(including Emulsifiable
Concentrates)
Dusts 1-25 70-99 0-5
Granules and Pellets 0.01-99 5-99.99 0-15
High Strength Compositions 90-99 0-10 0-2
Typical solid diluents are described in Watkins, et al., Handbook of Insecticide Diist Diluents and Carriers, 2nd Ed., Dorland Books, Caldwell, New Jersey. Typical liquid diluents are described in Marsden, Solvents Guide, 2nd Ed., Interscience, New York, 1950. McCutcheon's Detergents and Emulsifiers Annual, Allured Publ. Corp., Ridgewood, New Jersey, as well as Sisely and Wood, Encyclopedia of Surface Active Agents, Chemical Publ. Co., Inc., New York, 1964, list surfactants and recommended uses. All formulations can contain minor amounts of additives to reduce foam, caking, corrosion, microbiological growth and the like, or thickeners to increase viscosity.
Surfactants include, for example, polyethoxylated alcohols, polyethoxylated alkylphenols, polyethoxylated sorbitan fatty acid esters, dialkyl sulfosuccinates, alkyl sulfates, alkylbenzene sulfonates, organosilicones, N,N-diallcyltaurates, lignin sulfonates, naphthalene sulfonate formaldehyde condensates, polycarboxylates, and polyoxyefhylene/polyoxypropylene block copolymers. Solid diluents include, for example, clays such as bentonite, montmorillonite, attapulgite and kaolin, starch, sugar, silica, talc, diatomaceous earth, urea, calcium carbonate, sodium carbonate and bicarbonate, and sodium sulfate. Liquid diluents include, for example, water, N,N-dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide, N-alkylpyrrolidone, ethylene glycol, polypropylene glycol, paraffins, alkylbenzenes, alkylnaphthalenes, oils of olive, castor, linseed, tung, sesame, corn, peanut, cotton-seed, soybean, rape-seed and coconut, fatty acid esters, ketones such as cyclohexanone, 2-heptanone, isophorone and 4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone, and alcohols such as methanol, cyclohexanol, decanol and tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol.
Solutions, including emulsifiable concentrates, can be prepared by simply mixing the ingredients. Dusts and powders can be prepared by blending and, usually, grinding as in a hammer mill or fluid-energy mill. Suspensions are usually prepared by wet-milling; see, for example, U.S. 3,060,084. Granules and pellets can be prepared by spraying the active material upon preformed granular carriers or by agglomeration techniques. See Browning,
"Agglomeration", Chemical Engineering, December 4,1967, pp 147-48, Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook, 4th Ed., McGraN-Hill, New York, 1963, pages 8-57 and following, and PCT Publication WO 91/13546. Pellets can be prepared as described in U.S. 4,172,714. Water-dispersible and water-soluble granules can be prepared as taught in U.S. 4,144,050, U.S. 3,920,442 andDE 3,246,493. Tablets can be prepared as taught in U.S. 5,180,5S7, U.S. 5,232,701 and U.S. 5,208,030. Films can be prepared as taught in GB 2,095,558 and U.S. 3,299,566.
For further information regarding the art of formulation, see T. S. Woods, "The Formulator's Toolbox - Product Forms for Modern Agriculture" in Pesticide Chemistry and Bioscience, Tlie Food-Environment Challenge, T. Brooks and T. R. Roberts, Eds., Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Pesticide Chemistry, The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, 1999, pp. 120-133. See also U.S. 3,235,361, Col. 6, line 16 through Col. 7, line 19 and Examples 10-11; U.S. 3,309,192, Col. 5, line 43 through Col. 7, line 62 and Examples 8, 12,15, 39,41, 52, 53, 58, 132,138-140, 162-164, 166, 167 and 169-182; U.S. 2,891,855, Col. 3, line 66 through Col. 5, line 17 and Examples 1-4; Klingman, Weed Control as a Science, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1961, pp 81-96; and Hance et al., Weed Control Handbook, 8th Ed., Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1989.
In the following Examples, all percentages are by weight and all formulations are prepared in conventional ways. Compound numbers refer to compounds in Index Table A.
Example A Wettable Powder
Compound 1 65.0%
dodecylphenol polyethylene glycol ether 2.0%
sodium ligninsulfonate 4.0%
sodium silicoalummate 6.0%
montmorillonite (calcined) 23.0%.
Example B Granule
Compound 1 . 10.0%
attapulgite granules (low volatile matter,
0.71/0.30 mm; U.S.S. No. 25-50 sieves) 90.0%.
Example C
Extruded Pellet
Compound 1 25.0%
anhydrous sodium sulfate 10.0%
crude calcium ligninsulfonate 5.0%
sodium alkylnaphthalenesulfonate 1.0%
calcium/magnesium bentonite 59.0%.
Example D
Emulsifiable Concentrate
Compound 1 20.0%
blend of oil soluble sulfonates
and polyoxyethylene ethers 10.0%
isophorone 70.0%.
Example E Granule
Compound 1 0.5%
cellulose 2.5%
lactose 4.0%
commeal 93.0%.
Compounds of this invention are characterized by favorable metabolic and/or soil lesidual patterns and exhibit activity controlling a spectrum of agronomic and non-agronomic invertebrate pests. (In the context of this disclosure "invertebrate pest control" means inhibition of invertebrate pest development (including mortality) that causes significant reduction in feeding or other injury or damage caused by the pest; related expressions are defined analogously.) As referred to in this disclosure, the term "invertebrate pest" includes arthropods, gastropods and nematodes of economic importance as pests. The term "arthropod" includes insects, mites, spiders, scorpions, centipedes, millipedes, pill bugs and symphylans. The term "gastropod" includes snails, slugs and other Stylommatophora. The term "nematode" includes all of the helminths, such as: roundworms, heartworms, and phytophagous nematodes (Nematoda), flukes (Tematoda), Acanthocephala, and tapeworms (Cestoda). Those skilled in the art will recognize that not all compounds are equally effective against all pests. Compounds of this invention display activity against economically important agronomic and nonagronomic pests. The term "agronomic" refers to the production of field crops such as for food and fiber and includes the growth of cereal crops (e.g., wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice, maize), soybeans, vegetable crops (e.g., lettuce, cabbage, tomatoes, beans), potatoes, sweet potatoes, grapes, cotton, and tree fruits (e.g., pome fruits, stone fruits and citrus fruits). The term "nonagronomic" refers
to other horticultural (e.g., forest, greenhouse, nursery or ornamental plants not grown in a field), public (human) and animal health, domestic and commercial stracture, household, and stored product applications or pests. For reason of invertebrate pest control spectrum and economic importance, protection (from damage or injury caused by invertebrate pests) of agronomic crops of cotton, maize, soybeans, rice, vegetable crops, potato, sweet potato, grapes and tree fruit by controlling invertebrate pests are preferred embodiments of the invention. Agronomic or nonagronomic pests include larvae of the order Lepidoptera, such as armyworms, cutworms, loopers, and heliothmes in the family Noctuidae (e.g., fall armyworm (Spodopterafugiperda J. E. Smith), beet armyworm (Spodoptera exigua Hiibner), black cutworm {Agrotis ipsilon Hufnagel), cabbage looper (Trichoplusia ni Hiibner), tobacco budworm (Heliothis virescens Fabricius)); borers, casebearers, webworms, coneworms, cabbageworms and skeletonizers from the family Pyralidae (e.g., European com borer (Ostrinia nubilalis Hiibner), navel orangeworm (Amyelois transitella Walker), corn root webworm (Crambus caliginosellus Clemens), sod webworm (Herpetogramma licctrsisalis Walker)); leafrollers, budworms, seed worms, and fruit worms in the family Tortricidae (e.g., codling moth (Cydia ponwnella Linnaeus), grape berry moth (Endopiza viteana Clemens), oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta Busck)); and many other economically important lepidoptera (e.g., diamondback moth {Plutella xylostella Linnaeus), pink bollworm (Pectiiwphora gossypiella Saunders), gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar Linnaeus)); nymphs and adults of the order Blattodea including cockroaches from the families Blattellidae andBlattidae (e.g., oriental cockroach (Blatta orientalis Linnaeus), Asian cockroach {Blatella asahinai Mizukubo), German cockroach (Blattella germanica Linnaeus), brownbanded cockroach {Supella longipalpa Fabricius), American cockroach (Periplaneta americana Linnaeus), brown cockroach (Periplaneta brunnea Burmeister), Madeira cockroach (Leucophaea maderae Fabricius)); foliar feeding larvae and adults of the order Coleoptera including weevils from the families Anthribidae, Bruchidae, and Curculionidae (e.g., boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis Boheman), rice water weevil (Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel), granary weevil (Sitophilus granarius Linnaeus), rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae Linnaeus)); flea beetles, cucumber beetles, rootworms, leaf beetles, potato beetles, and leafminers in the family Chrysomelidae (e.g., Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say), western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte)); chafers and other beetles from the family Scaribaeidae (e.g., Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newman) and European chafer (Rhizotrogus majalis Razoumowsky)); carpet beetles from the family Dermestidae; wireworms from the family Elateridae; bark beetles from the family Scolytidae and flour beetles from the family Tenebrionidae. In addition agronomic and nonagronomic pests include: adults and larvae of the order Dermaptera including earwigs from the family Forficulidae (e.g., European earwig (Forficula auricularia Linnaeus), black earwig (Chelisoches mono Fabricius)); adults and
nymphs of the orders Hemiptera and Homoptera such as, plant bugs from the family Miridae, cicadas from the family Cicadidae, leafhoppers (e.g. Empoasca spp.) from the family Cicadellidae, planthoppers from the families Fulgoroidae and Delphacidae, treehoppers from the family Membracidae, psyllids from the family Psyllidae, whiteflies from the family Aleyrodidae, aphids from the family Aphididae, phylloxera from the family Phylloxeridae, mealybugs from the family Pseudococcidae, scales from the families Coccidae, Diaspididae and Margarodidae, lace bugs from the family Tingidae, stink bugs from the family Pentatomidae, cinch bugs (e.g., Blissus spp.) and other seed bugs from the family Lygaeidae, spittlebugs from the family Cercopidae squash bugs from the family Coreidae, and red bugs and cotton stainers from the family Pyrrhocoridae. Also included are adults and larvae of the order Acari (mites) such as spider mites and red mites in the family Tetranychidae (e.g., European red mite (Panonychus ulmi Koch), two spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch), McDaniel mite (Tetranychus mcdanieli McGregor)), flat mites in the family Tenuipalpidae (e.g., citrus flat mite (Brevipalpus lewisi McGregor)), rust and bud mites in the family Eriophyidae and other foliar feeding mites and mites important in human and animal health, i.e. dust mites in the family Epidermoptidae, follicle mites in the family Demodicidae, grain mites in the family Glycyphagidae, ticks in the order Ixodidae (e.g., deer tick (Ixodes scapularis Say), Australian paralysis tick (Ixodes holocyclus Neumann), American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis Say), lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum Linnaeus) and scab and itch mites in the families Psoroptidae, Pyemotidae, and Sarcoptidae; adults and immatures of the order Orthoptera including grasshoppers, locusts and crickets (e.g., migratory grasshoppers (e.g., Melanoplus sanguinipes Fabricius, M. differential^ Thomas), American grasshoppers (e.g., Schistocerca americana Drury), desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria Forskal), migratory locust (Locusta migratoria Linnaeus), house cricket (Acheta doinesticus Linnaeus), mole crickets (Gryllotalpa spp.)); adults and immatures of the order Diptera including leafminers, midges, fruit flies (Tephritidae), frit flies (e.g., Oscinellafrit Linnaeus), soil maggots, house flies (e.g., Musca domestica Linnaeus), lesser house flies (e.g., Fannia canicularis Linnaeus, F.femoralis Stein), stable flies (e.g., Stomoxys calcitrans Linnaeus), face flies, horn flies, blow flies (e.g., Chrysomya spp., Phormia spp.), and other muscoid fly pests, horse flies (e.g., Tabanus spp.), bot flies (e.g., Gastrophilus spp., Oestrus spp.), cattle grubs (e.g., Uypoderma spp.), deer flies (e.g., Chrysops spp.), keds (e.g., Melophagus ovinus Linnaeus) and other Brachycera, mosquitoes (e.g., Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., Culex spp.), black flies (e.g., Prosimulium spp., Simulium spp.), biting midges, sand flies, sciarids, and other Nematocera; adults and immatures of the order Thysanoptera including onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman) and other foliar feeding thrips; insect pests of the order Hymenoptera including ants (e.g., red carpenter ant (Camponotus fermgineus Fabricius), black carpenter ant (Camponotus pennsylvanicus De Geer), Pharaoh ant (Monomorium pharaonis Linnaeus), little fire ant (Wasmannia
auropunctata Roger), fire ant (Solenopsis geminata Fabricius), red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta Buren), Argentine ant (Iridomynnex humilis Mayr), £razy ant (Paratrechina longicomis Latreille), pavement ant (Tetrainorium caespitum Linnaeus), cornfield ant (Lasius alienus Forster), odorous house ant (Tapinoma sesftte Say)), bees (including carpenter bees), hornets, yellow jackets and wasps; insect pests of the order Isoptera including the eastern subterranean termite (Reticulitennes flavipcs Kollar), western subterranean termite (Reticulitermes hesperus Banks), Formosan subterranean termite {Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki), West Indian drywood termite (Incisifermes immigrans Snyder) and other termites of economic importance; insect pests of the order Thysanura such as silverfish (Lepisma saccliarina Linnaeus) and firebrat (Thennobia dotnestica Packard); insect pests of the order Mallophaga and including the head louse (PedioAus hwnanus capitis De Geer), body louse (Pediculus Itumanus humanus Linnaeus), chicken body louse (Menacanthus stramineus Nitszch), dog biting louse (Trichodectes cams' De Geer), fluff louse (Goniocotes gallinae De Geer), sheep body louse (Bovicola ovis Schrank), short-nosed cattle louse (Haetnatopinus eurystemus Nitzsch), long-nosed cattle lousS (Liiwgnathus vituli Linnaeus) and other sucking and chewing parasitic lice that attack man and animals; insect pests of the order Siphonoptera including the oriental rat flea (Xe/iopsyllfl cheopis Rothschild), cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis Bouche), dog flea (Ctenocephalides cmiis Curtis), hen flea (Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank), sticktight flea (Echid'iophaga gallinacea Westwood), human flea (JPulex im'tans Linnaeus) and other fleas afflicting mammals and birds. Additional arthropod pests covered include: spiders in the order Araneae such as the brown recluse spider (Loxosceles reclusa Gertsch & Mulaik) and the black widow spider (Latrodectus mactaiis Fabricius), and centipedes in the order Scutigeronjorpha such as the house centipede (Scutigera coleoptrata Linnaeus). Compounds of the present invention also have activity on members of the Classes Nematoda, Cestoda, Trematoda, and Acanthocephala including economically important members of the orders Strongylida, Ascaridida, Oxyurida, Rhabditida, Spirurida, and Enoplida such as but not limited to economically important agricultural pests (i.e. root knot nematodes in the genus Meloidogyne, lesion nematodes in the genus Pratylenchus, stubby root nematodes in the genus Trichodorus, etc.) and animal and human health pests (i.e. all economically important flukes, tapeworms, and roundworms, such as Strongylus vulgaris in horses, Toxocara canis in dogs, Haemonchus contortus in sheep, Dirofilaria immitis Leidy in dogs, Anoplocephala perfoliata in horses, Fasciola liepatica Linnaeus in ruminants, etc.).
Compounds of the invention show particularly high activity against pests in the order Lepidoptera (e.g., Alabama argillacea Hubner (cotton leaf worm), Archips argyrospila Walker (fruit tree leaf roller), A. rosana Linnaeus (European leaf roller) And other Archips species, Chilo suppressalis Walker (rice stem borer), Cnaplialocrosis medinalis Guenee (rice leaf roller), Crambus caliginosellus Clemens (com root webworm), Crainbus teterrellus
Zincken (bluegrass webworm), Cydia pomonella Linnaeus (codling moth), Earias insulana Boisduval (spiny bollworm), Earias vittella Fabricius (spotted bollworm), Helicoverpa annigera Hubner (American bollworm), Helicoverpa zea Boddie (com earworm), Heliothis virescens Fabricius (tobacco budworm), Herpetogranvna licarsisalis Walker (sod webworm), Lobesia botrana Denis & Schiffermuller (grape berry moth), Pectinophora gossypiella Saunders (pink bollworm), Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (citrus Ieafminer), Pieris brassicae Linnaeus (large white butterfly), Pieris rapae Linnaeus (small white butterfly), Plutella xylostella Linnaeus (diamondbaclc moth), Spodoptera exigua Hubner (beet armyworm), Spodoptera litura Fabricius (tobacco cutworm, cluster caterpillar), Spodoptera frugiperda J. E. Smith (fall armyworm), Tiichoplusia ni Hubner (cabbage looper) and Tuta absoluta Meyrick (tomato Ieafminer)). Compounds of the invention also have commercially significant activity on members from the order Homoptera including: Acyrthisiphon pisum Harris (pea aphid), Aphis craccivora Koch (cowpea aphid), Aphis fabae Scopoli (black bean aphid), Aphis gossypii Glover (cotton aphid, melon aphid), Aphis pomi De Geer (apple aphid), Aphis spiraecola Patch (spirea aphid), Aulacorthum solani Kaltenbach (foxglove aphid), Chaetosiphon fragaefolii Cockerell (strawberry aphid), Diuraphis noxia ICurdjumov/Mordvilko (Russian wheat aphid), Dysaphis plantaginea Paaserini (rosy apple aphid), Eriosoma lanigerum Hausmann (woolly apple aphid), Hyaloplerus pruni Geoffrey (mealy plum aphid), Lipaphis erysimi Kaltenbach (turnip aphid), Metopolophium dirrhodum Walker (cereal aphid), Macrosipum enphorbiae Thomas (potato aphid), Myzus persicae Sulzer (peach-potato aphid, green peach aphid), Nasonovia ribisnigri Mosley (lettuce aphid), Pemphigus spp. (root aphids and gall aphids), Rhopalosiphum maidis Fitch (corn leaf aphid), Rhopalosiphum padi Linnaeus (bird cherry-oat aphid), Schizaphis graminum Rondani (greenbug), Sitobion avenae Fabricius (English grain aphid), Therioaphis maculata Buckton (spotted alfalfa aphid), Toxoptera aurantii Boyer de Fonscolombe (black citrus aphid), and Toxoptera citricida Kirkaldy (brown citrus aphid); Adelges spp. (adelgids); Phylloxera devastatrix Pergande (pecan phylloxera); Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (tobacco whitefly, sweetpotato whitefly), Bemisia argentifolii Bellows & Perring (silverleaf whitefly), Dialeurodes citri Ashmead (citrus whitefly) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood (greenhouse whitefly); Empoasca fabae Harris (potato leafhopper), Laodelphax striatellus Fallen (smaller brown planthopper), Macrolestes quadrilineatus Forbes (aster leafhopper), Nephotettix cinticeps Uhler (green leafhopper), Nepliotettix nigropictus Stal (rice leafhopper), Nilaparvata lugens Stal (brown planthopper), Peregrinus maidis Ashmead (corn planthopper), Sogatella furcifera Horvath (white-backed planthopper), Sogatodes orizicola Muir (rice delphacid), Typhlocyba pomaria McAtee white apple leafhopper, Erythroneoura spp. (grape leafhoppers); Magicidada septendecim Linnaeus (periodical cicada); Icerya purchasi Masked (cottony cushion scale), Quadraspidiotuspeniiciosus Comstock (San Jose scale); Planococcus citri Risso (citrusmealybug); Pseudococcus spp. (other mealybug complex); Cacopsyllapyricola Foerster (pear psylla), Trioza diospyri Ashmead (persimmon psylla). These compounds also have activity on members from the order Hemiptera including: Acrostemum hilare Say (green stink bug), Aiiasa tristis De Geer (squash bug), Blissus leucopterus leucopterus Say (chinch bug), Corythuca gossypii Fabricius (cotton lace bug), Cyrtopeltis modesta Distant (tomato bug), Dysdercus suturellus Herrich-Schaffer (cotton stainer), Euchistus servus Say (brown stink bug), Euchistus variolarius Palisot de Beauvois (one-spotted stink bug), Graptosthetus spp. (complex of seed bugs), Leptoglossus corculus Say (leaf-footed pine seed bug), Lygus lineolaris Palisot de Beauvois (tarnished plant bug), Nezara viridula Linnaeus (southern green stink bug), Oebalus pugnax Fabricius (rice stink bug), Oncopelhis fasciatus Dallas (large milkweed bug), Pseudatomoscelis seriatus Reuter (cotton fleahopper). Other insect orders controlled by compounds of the invention include Thysanoptera (e.g., Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande (western flower thrip), Scirthothrips citri Moulton (citrus thrip), Sericothrips variabilis Beach (soybean thrip), and Thrips tabaci Lindeman (onion thrip); and the order Coleoptera (e.g., Leptiiiotarsa decemlineata Say (Colorado potato beetle), Epilachna varivestis Mulsant (Mexican bean beetle) and wireworms of the genera Agriotes, Atlious or Linwnius).
Compounds of this invention can also be mixed with one or more other biologically active compounds or agents including insecticides, fungicides, nematocides, bactericides, acaricides, growth regulators such as rooting stimulants, chemosterilants, semiochemicals, repellents, attractants, pheromones, feeding stimulants, other biologically active compounds or entomopathogenic bacteria, virus or fungi to form a multi-component pesticide giving an even broader spectrum of agricultural utility. Thus compositions of the present invention can further comprise a biologically effective amount of at least one additional biologically active compound or agent. Examples of such biologically active compounds or agents with which compounds of this invention can be formulated are; insecticides such as abamectin, acephate, acetamiprid, avermectin, azadirachtm, azinphos-methyl, bifenthrin, binfenazate, buprofezin, carbofuran, chlorfenapyr, chlorfluazuron, chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, chromafenozide, clothianidin, cyfluthrin, beta-cyfluthrin, cyhalothrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, cyromazine, deltamethrin, diafenthiuron, diazinon, difiubenzuron, dimethoate, diofenolan, emamectin, endosulfan, esfenvalerate, ethiprole, fenothicarb, fenoxycarb, fenpropathrin, fenproximate, fenvalerate, fipronii, flonicamid, flucythrinate, tau-fluvalinate, flufenoxuron, fonophos, halofenozide, hexafiurnuron, imidacloprid, indoxacarb, isofenphos, lufenuron, malathion, metaldehyde, methamidophos, methidathion, methomyl, methoprene, methoxychlor, monocrotophos, methoxyfenozide, nithiazin, novaluron, oxamyl, parathion, parathion-methyl, permethrin, phorate, phosalone, phosmet, phosphamidon, pirimicarb, profenofos, pymetrozine, pyridalyl, pyriproxyfen, rotenone, spinosad, sulprofos, tebufenozide, teflubenzuron, tefluthrin, terbufos, tetrachlorvinphos, thiacloprid,
thiamethoxam, thiodicarb, thiosultap-sodium, tralomethrin, trichlorfon and triflumuron; fungicides such as acibenzolar, azoxystrobin, benomyl, blasticidin-S, Bordeaux mixture (tribasic copper sulfate), bromuconazole, carpropamid, captafol, captan, carbendazim, chloroneb, chlorothalonil, copper oxychloride, copper salts, cyflufenamid, cymoxanil, cyproconazole, cyprodinil, (S)-3,5-dichloro-N-(3-chloro-l-ethyl-l-methyl-2-oxopropyl)-4-methylbenzamide (RH 7281), diclocymet (S-2900), diclomezine, dicloran, difenoconazole, (5)-3,5-dihydro-5-me1hyl-2-(methylthio)-5-phenyl-3-(phenylamino)-4H-irnidazol-4-one (RP 407213), dimethomorph, dimoxystrobin, diniconazole, diniconazole-M, dodine, edifenphos, epoxiconazole, famoxadone, fenamidone, fenarimol, fenbuconazole, fencaramid (SZX0722), fenpiclonil, fenpropidin, fenpropimorph, fentin acetate, fentin hydroxide, fluazinam, fludioxonil, flurnetover (RPA 403397), fluquinconazole, flusilazole, flutolanil, flutriafol, folpet, fosetyl-aluminum, furalaxyl, furametapyr (S-82658), hexaconazole, ipconazole, iprobenfos, iprodione, isoprothiolane, kasugamycin, kresoxim-methyl, mancozeb, maneb, mefenoxam, mepronil, metalaxyl, metconazole, metomino-strobin/fenominostrobin (SSF-126), myclobutanil, neo-asozin (ferric methanearsonate), oxadixyl, penconazole, pencycuron, probenazole, prochloraz, propamocarb, propiconazole, pyrifenox, pyraclostrobin, pyrimethanil, pyroquilon, quinoxyfen, spiroxamine, sulfur, tebuconazole, tetraconazole, thiabendazole, thifluzamide, thiophanate-methyl, thiram, tiadinil, triadimefon, triadimenol, tricyclazole, trifloxystrobin, triticonazole, validamycin and vinclozolin; nematocides such as aldicarb, oxainyl and fenamiphos; bactericides such as streptomycin; acaricides such as amitraz, chinomethionat, chlorobenzilate, cyhexatin, dicofol, dienochlor, etoxazole, fenazaquin, fenbutatin oxide, fenpropathrin, fenpyroximate, hexythiazox, propargite, pyridaben and tebufenpyrad; and biological agents such as Bacillus thuringiensis including ssp. aizawai and kurstaki, Bacillus thuringiensis delta endotoxin, baculovirus, and entomopathogenic bacteria, vims and fungi. Compounds of this invention and compositions thereof may be applied to plants genetically transformed to express proteins toxic to invertebrate pests (such as Bacillus thuringiensis toxin). The effect of the exogenous invertebrate pest control compounds and compositions may be synergistic with the expressed toxin proteins.
A general reference for these agricultural protectants is Tlie Pesticide Manual, 12th Edition, C. D. S. Tomlin, Ed., British Crop Protection Council, Farnham, Surrey, U.K., 2000.
Preferred insecticides and acaricides for mixing with compounds of this invention include pyrethroids such as cypermethrin, cyhalothrin, cyfluthrin, beta-cyfluthrin, esfenvalerate, fenvalerate and tralomethrin; carbamates such as fenothicarb, methomyl, oxamyl and thiodicarb; neonicotinoids such as clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiacloprid; neuronal sodium channel blockers such as indoxacarb; insecticidal macrocyclic lactones such as spinosad, abamectin, avermectin and emamectin; -aminobutyric acid (GABA)
antagonists such as endosulfan, ethiprole and fipronil; insecticidal ureas such as flufenoxuron and triflumuron; juvenile hormone mimics such as diofenolan and pyriproxyfen; pymetrozine; and amitraz. Preferred biological agents for mixing with compounds of this invention include Bacillus thuringiensis and Bacillus thuringiensis delta endotoxin as well as naturally occurring and genetically modified viral insecticides including members of the family Baculoviridae as well as entomophagous fungi.
Most preferred mixtures include a mixture of a compound of this invention with cyhalothrin; a mixture of a compound of this invention with beta-cyfluthrin; a mixture of a compound of this invention with esfenvalerate; a mixture of a compound of this invention with methomyl; a mixture of a compound of this invention with imidacloprid; a mixture of a compound of this invention with thiacloprid; a mixture of a compound of this invention with indoxacarb; a mixture of a compound of this invention with abamectin; a mixture of a compound of this invention with endosulfan; a mixture of a compound of this invention with ethiprole; a mixture of a compound of this invention with fipronil; a mixture of a compound of this invention with flufenoxuron; a mixture of a compound of this invention with pyriproxyfen; a mixture of a compound of this invention with pymetrozine; a mixture of a compound of this invention with amitraz; a mixture of a compound of this invention with Bacillus thuringiensis and a mixture of a compound of this invention with Bacillus thuringiensis delta endotoxin.
In certain instances, combinations with other invertebratepest control compounds or agents having a similar spectrum of control but a different mode of action will be particularly advantageous for resistance management. Thus, compositions of the present invention can further comprise a biologically effective amount of at least one additional invertebrate pest control compound or agent having a similar spectrum of control but a different mode of action. Contacting a plant genetically modified to express a plant protection compound (e.g., protein) or the locus of the plant with a biologically effective amount of a compound of invention can also provide a broader spectrum of plant protection and be advantageous for resistance management.
Invertebrate pests are controlled in agronomic and nonagronomic applications by applying one or more of the compounds of this invention, in an effective amount, to the environment of the pests including the agronomic and/or nonagronomic locus of infestation, to the area to be protected, or directly on the pests to be controlled. Thus, the present invention further comprises a method for the control of invertebrates in agronomic and/or nonagronomic applications, comprising contacting the invertebrates or their environment with a biologically effective amount of one or more of the compounds of the invention, or with a composition comprising at least one such compound or a composition comprising at least one such compound and an effective amount of at least one additional biologically active compound or agent. Examples of suitable compositions comprising a compound of
the invention and an effective amount of at least one additional biologically active compound or agent include granular compositions wherein the additional biologically active compound is present on the same granule as the compound of the invention or on granules separate from those of the compound of this invention.
A preferred method of contact is by spraying. Alternatively, a granular composition comprising a compound of the invention can be applied to the plant foliage or the soil. Compounds of this invention are also effectively delivered through plant uptake by contacting the plant with a composition comprising a compound of this invention applied as a soil drench of a liquid formulation, a granular formulation to the soil, a nursery box treatment or a dip of transplants. Compounds are also effective by topical application of a composition comprising a compound of this invention to the locus of infestation. Other methods of contact include application of a compound or a composition of the invention by direct and residual sprays, aerial sprays, gels, seed coatings, microencapsulations, systemic uptake, baits, eartags, boluses, foggers, fumigants, aerosols, dusts and many others. The compounds of this invention may also be impregnated into materials for fabricating invertebrate control devices (e.g. insect netting).
A compound of this invention can be incorporated into a bait composition that is consumed by an invertebrate pest or used within devices such as traps, bait stations, and the Vite. Such a bait composition can be in the form of granules which comprise (a) an active ingredient, namely a compound of Formula I, an N-oxide, or salt thereof, (b) one or more food materials, (c) optionally an attractant, and (d) optionally one or more humectants. Of note granules or bait compositions which comprise between about 0.001-5% active ingredient; about 40-99% food material and/or attractant; and optionally about 0.05-10% humectants; are effective in controlling soil invertebrate pests at very low application rates, particularly at doses of active ingredient that are lethal by ingestion rather than by direct contact. Of note some food materials will function both as a food source and an attractant. Food materials include carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. Examples of food materials are vegetable flour, sugar, starches, animal fat, vegetable oil, yeast extracts and milk solids. Examples of attractants are odorants and flavorants, such as fruit or plant extracts, perfume, or other animal or plant component, pheromones or other agents known to attract a target invertebrate pest. Examples of humectants, i.e. moisture retaining agents, are glycols and other polyols, glycerine and sorbitol. Of note is a bait composition (and a method utilizing such a bait composition) used to control invertebrate pests including individually or in combinations ants, termites, and cockroaches. A device for controlling an invertebrate pest can comprise the present bait composition and a housing adapted to receive the bait composition, wherein the housing has at least one opening sized to permit the invertebrate pest to pass through the opening so the invertebrate pest can gain access to the baitcomposition from a location outside the housing, and wherein the housing is further adapted to be placed in or near a locus of potential or known activity for the invertebrate pest.
The compounds of this invention can be applied in their pure state, but most often application will be of a formulation comprising one or more compounds with suitable carriers, diluents, and surfactants and possibly in combination with a food depending on the contemplated end use. A preferred method of application involves spraying a water dispersion or refined oil solution of the compounds. Combinations with spray oils, spray oil concentrations, spreader stickers, adjuvants, other solvents, and synergists such as piperonyl butoxide often enhance compound efficacy. For nonagronomic uses such sprays can be applied from spray containers such as a can, a bottle or other container, either by means of a pump or by releasing it from a pressurized container, e.g. a pressurized aerosol spray can. Such spray compositions can take various forms, for example, sprays, mists, foams, fumes or fog. Such spray compositions thus can further comprise propellants, foaming agents, etc. as the case may be. Of note is a spray composition comprising a compound or composition of the present invention and a propellant. Representative propellants include, but are not limited to, methane, ethane, propane, iospropane, butane, isobutane, butene, pentane, iospentane, neopentane, pentene, hydrofluorocarbons, chlorofluoroacarbons, dimethyl ether, and mixtures of the foregoing. Of note is a spray composition (and a method utilizing such a spray composition dispensed from a spray container) used to control an invertebrate pest including individually or in combinations mosquitoes, black flies, stable flies, deer flies, horse flies, wasps, yellow jackets, hornets, ticks, spiders, ants, gnats, and the like.
The rate of application required for effective control (i.e. "biologically effective amount") will depend on such factors as the species of invertebrate to be controlled, the pest's life cycle, life stage, its size, location, time of year, host crop or animal, feeding behavior, mating behavior, ambient moisture, temperature, and the like. Under normal circumstances, application rates of about 0.01 to 2 kg of active ingredient per hectare are sufficient to control pests in agronomic ecosystems, but as little as 0.0001 kg/hectare may be sufficient or as much as 8 kg/hectare may be required. For nonagronomic applications, effective use rates will range from about 1.0 to 50 mg/square meter but as little as 0.1 mg/square meter may be sufficient or as much as 150 mg/square meter may be required. One skilled in the art can easily determine the biologically effective amount necessary for the desired level of invertebrate pest control.
The following TESTS demonstrate the control efficacy of compounds of this invention on specific pests. "Control efficacy" represents inhibition of invertebrate pest development (including mortality) that causes significantly reduced feeding. The pest control protection afforded by the compounds is not limited, however, to these species. See Index Table A for compound descriptions. The abbreviation "Me" in the Index Table is methyl. The
abbreviation "Ex." stands for "Example" and is followed by a number indicating in which example the compound is prepared.
(Table Removed)
BIOLOGICAL EXAMPLES OF THE INVENTION TESTA
For evaluating control of diamondback moth (Plutella xylostelld) the test unit consisted of a small open container with a 12-14-day-old radish plant inside. This was pre-infested with 10-15 neonate larvae on a piece of insect diet by use of a core sampler to remove a plug from a sheet of hardened insect diet having many larvae growing on it and transfer the plug containing larvae and diet to the test unit. The larvae moved onto the test plant as the diet plug dried out.
Test compounds were formulated using a solution containing 10% acetone, 90% water and 300 ppm X-77® Spreader Lo-Foam Formula non-ionic surfactant containing alkylarylpolyoxyethylene, free fatty acids, glycols and isopropanol (Loveland Industries, Inc. Greeley, Colorado, USA), unless otherwise indicated. The formulated compounds were applied in 1 mL of liquid through a SUJ2 atomizer nozzle with 1/8 JJ custom body (Spraying Systems Co. Wheaton, Illinois, USA) positioned 1.27 cm (0.5 inches) above the top of each test unit. Test compounds 2, 3,4, 5 and 6 were sprayed at 10 ppm and test compound 1 was
sprayed at 50 ppm and all replicated three times. After spraying of the formulated test compound, each test unit was allowed to dry for 1 hour and then a black, screened cap was placed on top. The test units were held for 6 days in a growth chamber at 25 °C and 70% relative humidity. Plant feeding damage was then visually assessed based on foliage consumed.
Of the compounds tested the following provided very good to excellent levels of plant protection (20% or less feeding damage): 1, 2, 3,4, 5 and 6. TESTB
For evaluating control of fall armyworm (Spodopterafrugiperda) the test unit consisted of a small open container with a 4-5-day-old corn (maize) plant inside. This was pre-infested (using a core sampler) with 10-15 1-day-old larvae on a piece of insect diet.
Test compounds 2,3, 4, 5 and 6 were formulated and sprayed at 10 ppm and test compound 1 was formulated and sprayed at 50 ppm as described for Test A. The applications were replicated three times. After spraying, the test units were maintained in a growth chamber and then visually rated as described for Test A.
Of the compounds tested, the following provided excellent levels of plant protection (20% or less feeding damage): 1, 2, 3,4, 5 and 6.







We Claim:
1. An anthranilamide of formula I, its N-oxide or suitable salts thereof
(Formula Removed)
A is 0 or S(0)m;
A is 0 or S(0)m;
J is a phenyl optionally substituted with one to four substituents
independently selected from the group R15 or
J is a heterocyclic ring selected from the group consisting of
(Formula Removed)
each R1 is independently selected from the group consisting of C1-C6 alkyl, C2-
C6 alkenyl, C3-C6 alkynyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, C2-C6 haloalkenyl,
C2-C6 haloalkynyl, C3-C6 halocycloalkyl, halogen, CN, N02, hydroxy, C1-C4
alkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 alkylthio, C1-C4 alkylsulfinyl, C1-C4
alkylsulfonyl, C1-C4 haloallcylthio, C1-C4 haloalkylsulfinyl, C1-C4
haloalkylsulfonyl, C2-C4 ailcoxycarbonyl, C2-C4 alkylaniinocarbonyl, C3-C5
dialkylaminocarbonyl, C1-C4 alkylamino, C9-C8 dialkylamino, C3-C6
cycloalicylamino and C3-C6 trialkylsilyl; or
each R1 is independently selected from the group consisting of phenyl, benzyl
and phenoxy, each optionally substituted with C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C2-C4
alkynyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C2-C4 haloalkenyl, C2-C4 haloalkynyl,
C3-C6 halocycloalkyl, halogen, CN, N02, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4
alkylthio, C1-C4 alkylsulfinyl, C1-C4 ailcylsulfonyl, C1-C4 alkylamino, C2-C8
dialkylamino, C3-C6 cycloalkylamino, C4-C7 (allcyl)cycloalkylamino, C2-C4
alkylcarbonyl, C2-C6alkoxycarbonyl, C2-C6 alkylaminocarbonyl, C3-C8
dialkylaminocarbonyl or C3-C6 trialkylsilyl; R2 is H; or C1-C6 alkyl, C2-C6
alicenyl, C2-C6 alkynyl or C3-C6 cycloallcyl, each optionally substituted with
one or more substituents selected from the group
consisting of halogen, CN, N02, hydroxy, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkylthio, C1-C4
alkylsulfinyl, C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl, C2-C4 alicoxycarbonyl, C1-C4 alkylamino, C2-
Cs dialkylamino and C3-C6 cycloalkylamino; or
R2 is C2-C6 ailcylcarbonyl, C2-C6 alkoxycarbonyl, C2-C6 alkylaminocarbonyl or
C2-C8 dialkylaminocarbonyl;
R3 is H, C1-C6 alicyl, C2-C6 alkenyl, C2-C6 alkynyl, Cs-Ce cycloalkyl, C1-C4
ailcoxy, C1-C4 alkylamino, C2-C8 dialicylamino, C3-C6 cycloalkylaniino, C2-C6
ailcoxycarbonyl or C2-C6 ailcylcarbonyl;
R«, R5, R6, R7, R8 and R9 are each independently H, C1-C4 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; R10 and R11 are each independently C1-C4 alkyl or C1-C4
alkoxy; R12 is C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy or phenyl optionally substituted with one to
three substituents selected from the group R17
each R13 is independently selected from the group consisting of H, C1-Ce alkyl,
C3-C6 cycloallcyl, C1-Ce haloalkyl, halogen, CN, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4
alkoxycarbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthio, C1-C4 haloalicoxy, C1-C4 haloalkylthio, C1-C4
haloallcylsulfinyl and C1-C4 haloallcylsulfonyl;
R14 is C1-C6 alkyl optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, CN, NO2, hydroxy, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkylthio, C1-C4 alkylsulfinyl, C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl, C2-C4 ailcoxycarbonyl, C1-C4 alkylamino, C2-C8 dialkylamino and C3 -C6cycloalkylamino; or phenyl optionally substituted with one to three substituents selected from R17 or
R14is
(Formula Removed)
R15 is C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-Cb haloalkyl, halogen, CN, C1-C4 alkoxy,
C1-C4 alkylthio, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkylthio, C1-C4 haloalkylsulfmyl
or C1-C4 haloalkylsulfonyl; or
R15 is phenyl or pyridyl optionally substituted with one to three R17
R16 is H, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C3-C6 alkenyl, C3-C6 haloalkenyl, C3-C6
alkynyl or C3-C6 haloalkynyl;
each R17 is independently C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, halogen, CN, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkylthio, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkylthio,
C1-C4 haloalkylsulfmyl or C1-C4 haloalkylsulfonyl; m is 0,1 or2;
nisO, 1,2,3 or 4; r is 0 or 1; and sis 0,1 or 2
2. The compound as claimed in Claim 1. wherein A is S(0)m;
one of the R1 groups is attached to the phenyl ring at the 2-position, and said Rl is C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, halogen, CN, N02, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4. alkylthio, C1-C4 ailcylsulfmyl, C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl, C1-C4 haloalkylthio, C1-C4 haloalkylsulfinyl or C1-C4 haloalkylsulfonyl;R2 and R3 are each independently H, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C2-C4 alicynyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C9-C6 alkylcarbonyl or C2-C6 alicoxycarbonyl; R4, R5, R6 and R7 are each independently H or Me;
R8 andR9 are H;
R10, R11 andR12 are Me;
n is 1 or 2; and
r is 1.
3. The compound as claimed in Claim 2 wherein: each R1 is independently CH.3, CF3. OCF3, OCBF2, S(0)CF3. S(0)CBF2, CN or halogen; and R3 are H; and p is O, 1 or 2.
4. The compound as claimed in Claim 3 wherein
each R13 is H, CR3, CF3, CH2CF3, CHF2, OCH2CF3, OCHF2 or halogen; R14 is phenyl optionally substituted with one to two substituents selected from R17 or; R14is
R1 and R17 are each independently C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, halogen or CN; eachR16is CH2CF3 orCHF2 arid s is 0 or i.
5. The compound as claimed in Claim 4 wherein:
each R13 is independently halogen, OCH2CF3, OCHF2 or CF3 Ri4is
; and R17 is F, CI or Br.
6. The compound as claimed in Claim 5 wherein: R6 and R7 are H.
7. The compound as claimed in Claim 6 wherein: Jis J-l, J-2, J-4or J-8.
8. The compound as claimed in Claim 7 wherein:
J is J-l;
the R1 attached to the phenyl ring at the 2-position is CH3, F, C1 or Br; a
second R1 group is attached to the phenyl ring at the 4-position position, and
said second R1 is CN, CF3, F, CI, Br or I;
R13 is independently C1, Br, OCH2CF3, or CF3 and
nis2.
9. A composition for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising the compound
by weight from 0.01 to 99% of a compound as claimed in claim 1 and
optionally at least one another biologically active compound or agent; and at
least one additional component selected from up to 15% of a surfactant such
as herein described, up to 99.99% of a solid diluents such as herein described,
and 40 to 95% of a liquid diluent such as herein described.
10. A device for controlling an invertebrate pest, comprising:
(a) the bait composition of the kind such as herein described; and
(b) a housing adapted to receive the bait composition, wherein the housing has at least one opening sized to permit the invertebrate pest to pass through the opening so the invertebrate pest can gain access to the bait composition from a location outside the housing, and wherein the housing is further adapted to be placed in or near a locus of potential or known activity for the invertebrate pest.

Documents:

750-delnp-2005-abstract.pdf

750-delnp-2005-claims-(cancelled).pdf

750-delnp-2005-claims.pdf

750-delnp-2005-complete specification-(granted).pdf

750-delnp-2005-correspondence-others.pdf

750-delnp-2005-correspondence-po.pdf

750-DELNP-2005-Descripiton (Complete).pdf

750-delnp-2005-description (complete)-(as files).pdf

750-delnp-2005-form-1.pdf

750-delnp-2005-form-18.pdf

750-delnp-2005-form-2.pdf

750-delnp-2005-form-3.pdf

750-delnp-2005-form-5.pdf

750-delnp-2005-gpa.pdf

750-delnp-2005-pct-101.pdf

750-delnp-2005-pct-210.pdf

750-delnp-2005-pct-304.pdf

750-delnp-2005-pct-306.pdf

750-delnp-2005-pct-408.pdf

750-delnp-2005-pct-409.pdf

750-delnp-2005-pct-416.pdf

750-delnp-2005-petition-137.pdf

750-delnp-2005-petition-138.pdf

abstract.1.jpg

abstract.jpg


Patent Number 245581
Indian Patent Application Number 750/DELNP/2005
PG Journal Number 04/2011
Publication Date 28-Jan-2011
Grant Date 25-Jan-2011
Date of Filing 24-Feb-2005
Name of Patentee E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
Applicant Address 1007 MARKET STREET, WILMINGTON, DELAWARE 19808, USA
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 GEROGE PHILIPE LAHM 148 FAIRHILL DRIVE, WILMINGTON, DELAWARE 19808, USA
2 THOMAS PAUL SELBY 116 HUNTER COURT, WILMINGTON, DELAWARE 19808, USA
3 THOMAS MARTIN STEVENSON 103 IROQUOIS COURT, NEWARK, DELAWARE 19702, USA
PCT International Classification Number C07F 7/08
PCT International Application Number PCT/US2003/31677
PCT International Filing date 2003-10-01
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 60/416,364 2002-10-04 U.S.A.