|Title of Invention||
EARTHQUAKE ALARM AND ADVANCE WARNING SYSTEM (EAAWS)
|Abstract||The present invention Earthquake Alarm and Advance Warning System (EAAWS) is conceived and developed for predicting the earthquake, giving alarm on onset of the earthquake, recording intensity and giving direction & time of onset of the Earthquake in a single system. The present invention EAAWS, in one of the embodiment, consists of a conducting material needle 30 suspended by a thread 28 from top of the pipe 2y and passed centrally through star shaped holes in two parallel conducting plates 34 and 35 and it’s tip is slightly above the glass mirror 31.Rwo pipes 2x and 2y are joined by a spring 2a. Plate 34 and 35 are fixed at the two extreme ends of a transparent insulated tapered cylinder 36, which is fixed on a stand 37. A lead/ refill 26 slides inside a heavy hollow cylinder/ pen 27 hanging by a thread 25 from top of a small hollow pipe 3 and touches a recording surface 23. Levels 12 & 14, compass 15, pipe 2x and pipe 3 are fixed on the top of the box 1 having two holes 5 & 6. The box 1 is permanently fixed to the ground in levelled position through four nuts and bolts 8. Jar 39 having fluid 41 filled to the required level just touching bottom of the eight holes 63a is fixed on top of the pipe 2y. Plates 34 & 35 are connected to an Electrogravito mechanical (EGM) relay 49 through wires 32 & 33 respectively. Clock 47, alarm and counter 55, lamp 38 and IC chip 43 are connected to the EGM relay 49. Speaker 10, power supply 45 and lamp 9 are connected to the IC chip 43. When ever a portion of the Earth’s surface tilt a value more than the threshold value or shaking of the Earth’s surface (earthquake) takes place, the needle 30 will touch plates 34 and 35 making an electrical connection which energise the EGM relay 49 resulting into glowing of lamp 38clock 47 will stop ticking, alarm and counter 55 will start and IC chip 43 will ON resulting into glow of lamp 9 and emitting of sound by speaker 10. The EAAWS in third embodiment is provided with sensor 61, recording paper 23a moves continuously by an electrical motor 27b, and the lead/ refill 26 always touching the recording surface 23a.The lead/ refill 26 is kept in vertical by a small hollow cylinder 27 and a heavy mass 27a attached to it gives the advantage of minimal friction between 26 and 23a and large inertia thereby increasing the sensitivity of the system.|
|Full Text||R4 THE GAZETIEOFINDIA : EXTRAORDINARY [PARTJJ—Sue. 3(ii)]
THE PATENT ACT 1970
(39 of 1970)
The Patois Rules, 2003
(See section 10 and uile13)
1. TITLE OF 1 HE INVENTION
BAKTHQUAKE ALARM AMD ADVANCE WARNING, SYSTEM (EAAWS)
2. APPLICANT (S)
(a) NAME: BINAY KUMAR
(b) c)ADDRESS- BINAY KUMAR / DSO; DRM OFFICE BHAVNAGAR PARA
Bhavnagar; PIN – 364003 (Gujarat)
3. PREAMOLE TO THE DESCRIPTION
The following specification doscribes the Invention.
The following specification particularly doscribes
the invention and the manner in which it is to be
4. DESCRIPTION (Description shall start from next page.)
Separate Sheets enclosed.
5. CLAIMS (not applicable for provisional specification. Claims should start with the preamble —
"l/we claim" on separate page)
6. DATE AND SIGNATURE (lo be given at the end of last page of specification)
7. ABSTRACT OF THE INVENTION (to be given along with complete specification on separate page)
Separate Sheets enclosed
· Repeat boxes. In case of more than one entry.
· To be signed by the applicant(s) or by authorized registered patent agent.
· Name of the applicant should be given In lull, family name In Hie beginning –
· Con plele address of the applicant should be given stating the postal index no./code, state and
· Strike out the column which Is/are not applicable
The present invention EAAWS is conceived and developed to use it for predicting the earthquake, giving alarm on onset of the earthquake, recording intensity- and giving direction &
time of onset of the earthquake in a single system
The present invention, Earthquake Alarm and Advance Warning System (EAAWS),
consists of a long conducting material needle 30 hanging from ton of long hollow pipe 2, joined in
the middle by cylindrical spring 2a, by a thread 28 and centred in two parallel conducting plate having star shaded hole 34 & 35 and tip of the needle 30 is slightly above the glass mirror 31. 34 and 35 are fixed at the two extreme ends of a transparent cylinder 36, which is fixed on a stand 37. A lead' refill 26 slides inside a heavy hollow cylinder/ pen 27 hanging through a thread 25 from top of a small hollow pipe 3 touching a recording surface 23, Levels 12 & 14, compass 15, long hollow pipe 2 and short hollow pipe 3 are fixed on the ton of the box 1 bavin0 two holes 5 & 6. The box 1 is permanently fixed to the ground through four nuts - bolts 8, Jar 39 having fluid 41
filled to the required level just touching bottom of the eight holes 63a is fixed on top of the pipe 2.
Plates 34 & 35 are connected to an Electrogravito mechanical (EGM) relay 49 through wires 32 & 33 respectively. Clock 47, alarm and counter 55, lamp 38 and IC chip 43 are connected to the EGM relay 49. Speaker 10, power supply 45 and lamp 9 are connected to the IC chip 43.
When ever a portion of the Earth's surface tilt a value more than the threshold value or shaking of the Earth's surface (earthquake) takes place, the needle 30 will touch plates 34 and 35 making an electrical connection which energise the EGM relay 49 and then Iamp 38 will glow clock 47 will stop ticking, alarm and counter 55 will start and IC chip 43 will ON resulting into glow of lamp 9 and sounding of speaker 10. The "resent invention also records occurrence and gives direction of the earthquake.
The EAAWS in third embodiment is provided with sensor 61 recording paper 23a moves continuously by motor 27b and the lead' refill 26 always touching the recording surface 23a. The lead/ refill 26 is kept in vertical position by a small hollow cylinder 27 and a heavy mass 27a attached to it giving the advantage of having minimal friction between 26 and 23a thereby increasing the sensitivity.
1. TITLE OF THE INVENTION
Earthquake Alarm and Advance Warning System (EAAWS)
2. FIFLD AND BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention EAAWS relates to earthquake prediction and alarm system. It not
only records intensity of the earthquake but also give alarm either when a part of the Earth's crust/ surface tilt beyond a threshold value or on onset of shaking of the Earth's surface. The existing seismometer is used for measuring intensity and direction of earthquake only and it neither gives warning nor help in predicting any earthquake.
The existing concept about an earthquake says that it is a sudden and sometimes violent movement of a Portion of the Earth's surface and typically resulted from the movement of faults, planar zones of deformation within the Earth's upper crust. It is believed that most of the earthquake occurs at the boundaries of the tectonic plates.
I believe that movement of a part of the Earth's surface typically resulted from the movement of faults and planar zones of deformation within the Earth's upper crust resulted into tilting of a very small portion of earth's surface and if this tilting is more than a threshold value for that particular part of the Earth's crust that particular start shaking to reach a new balanced level. This concept is used for predicting the earthquake in the present invention EAAWS.
At present there is no system or knowledge about predicting an earthquake If any system can even give a brief warnings about a major trembler is about to strike could save countless lives.
Various instruments have been developed and used in the study of earthquake over eighteen hundred years but none of them is capable of predicting earthquake. The earliest known seismoscope was intended to record both the occurrence of earthquakes and direction of their origins from the observer. With the invention of seismographs in the nineteenth century it is possible to measure and record seismic waves.
The basic principles of the seismometer is passing seismic- wave moves the frame while the inertial mass suspended in the frame by some method tends to stay in a fixed position due to inertia. The seismometer measures the relative motion between the frame and the suspended inertial mass and records it on a recording surface. In earlier seismometers recording is done on smoked °'ass with heavy mass stylus suspended by a thread, on sand by a pointer attached to a suspended common pendulum, on a moving recording surface by pressing a pointer against it. In
all these seismometers the friction between recording surface and pointer is high making it
Types of seismographs available are —
1. Un damped horizontal pendulum seismograph
3. Vertical seismograph
A Press — Ewing seismometer
5. Damped horizontal pendulum seismometer
6. Torsionally suspended horizontal pendulum
7. 42g horizontal pendulum with optic recording
8 Inverted vertical pendulum seismograph
9. Electromagnetic seismograph
10 Wood — Anderson torsion seismometer
11. Strain seismometer
12. Omorl seismograph
1 3 Loral geologic seismograph
1 S Analog seismographs
16. Digital seismograph
18. Modern seismometer use electronic sensors, amplifiers and recording instruments.
None of the above instruments can predict earthquake or give alarm on onset of the earthquake.
The intention to make the ^resent invention is primarily to ring alarm bell either when the slow tilting of the Earth's surface is more than the threshold value or when there is a shaking of a "art of the Earth's surface.
The present invention EAAWS is conceived and developed to use it for predicting the earthquake. Giving alarm on onset of the earthquake, recording intensity and giving direction & time of onset of the earthquake in a single system.
3.SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention intend to solve the above mentioned problems. The object is to provide a system that gives alarm in advance of the earthquake due to tilting of a portion of the Earth's crust beyond a threshold value or on onset of shaking of the ground due to horizontal movement of the Earth's surface or any other cause. In addition to alarm, the present invention also record the intensity wives direction of the epicenter and time of onset of shaking of the ground. The present invention is very useful because it gives all necessary required information
about an earthquake we do need making it very useful for saving countless precious life.
To increase the sensitivity of the present invention a jar, having eight protrudes for eight directions filled with sufficient amount of fluids e.g. mercury, water, oil, is fixed over top of long hollow pipe through which a long needle is hanging by a thread' string. This raise the centre of gravity of the long hollow nine fixed on the ton of a box increasing the sensitivity of oscillation of the needle even in a very low intensity earthquake. The long hollow pipe is joined in the middle
by a cylindrical spring.
The recording of an earthquake is done by a very low mass lead/ refill free to move inside a heavy pen/ hollow cylinder hanging from top of smaller hollow pipe by a thread string and touching a recording surface. This arrangement is thought of and made to make sure that friction between the recording surface and the lead' refill is only due to a very small weight of the lead/ refill there by increasing sensitivity of the present invention. The pen/ hollow cylinder with
additional mass is hanging by a thread from ton of the small hollow nine This arrangement gives
additional advantage of having heavy mass hanging by a thread with a minimal friction between the lead/ refill and recording surface. This major advantage is not with the prior art.
In the first embodiment, a long needle and two parallel plates act as a switch. The needle touches both plates only when the earth's surface inclined' tilt beyond a threshold value and also when shaking of the ground takes place. Electrogravito mechanical relay closes it's contact when
energise due to touching of the needle with two plates. When the relay is energise, it's close
contact become open and open contact become close resulting into ringing of alarm, glowing of lamp, starting of counter and stopping of clock. One additional alarm and lam" is connected to an
IC chip, which is connected to the relay. The alarm will ring and the lamp will glow when the
relay energises. The time of starting of shaking of the ground will be known directly and immediately only by seeing the clock. The recording systems record the occurrence of the earthquake and fluids in any one protrude give direction of the origin of the earthquake.
In second embodiment only IC chi" is connected to the two parallel plates. In this embodiment there is no provision of clock and counter. Thus the time of onset of the earthquake will not be known in this embodiment but all other features of the first embodiment of the present invention is available.
In third embodiment instead of needle &. elates composition to act as a switch, a proximity sensor is used to act as a switch. It is costlier compared to needle - plates. Electrogravito mechanical relay is always in the energise condition by the sensor and when ever a very small portion of the earth's surface tilt/ incline beyond a threshold value or the earthquake starts due to any reason the relay will de energise resulting into ringing of alarm, ^lowing of lam0, stopping of clock and starting of counter. The recording system separately records the occurrence of the earthquake and fluid in the protrudes of the jar fives direction of the earthquake.
The sensitivity of the present invention depends on length of the two hollow pipes, weight of the fluid in the jar, friction between recording surface and pointer, characteristic of EGM relay and diameter of the star shaped hole of two plates. Longer the length of the pipes, greater the mass of the fluid, lower the friction faster the speed of operation of the relay and smaller the diameter, greater will be the sensitivity of the present invention EAAWS. The effort has been put in to make the nresent invention useful economical reliable easy to make and sensitive.
4. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
1 shows tilted position of a position of the ground and hanging needle (30) of the present invention EAAWS.
2 shows a view of the first embodiment of the present invention EAAWS.
3 shows a cross sectional view of the present invention EAAWS.
4 shows circuit diagram of first embodiment of the "resent invention EAAWS.
5 shows circuit diagram of second embodiment of the present invention EAAWS.
6 shows a view of the third embodiment of the present invention EAAWS.
7 shows circuit diagram for the third embodiment of the present invention EAAWS.
8 shows various design of jar 39 of the present invention EAAWS.
5. KEY TO ILLUSTRATIONS
1. Box or container
2. Long hollow pipe
3. Short hollow pipe
4. Foundation for 2
5. Hole in the roof of 1
6. Hole in the roof of 1
7. Rectangular strip
8. Nut - Bolt
13. Small platform
16. Base for 13
17. ON-OFF switch
18. Cover for 2
19. Hanger for 28
20. Ton cover for 3
21. Hanger for 25
22. Battery for 38
23. Recording surface
23a. Recording paper
23b. Rectangular block beneath 23a
24. Cup/ Bowl/ Plate
24a. Paper roller
25. String/ thread/ rope
26. Graphite Lead/ refill
27. Pen or a system for holding 26
27a. Discs attached to 27
27b. Motor for rolling the 23a
28. String/ thread/ rope
30. Long needle
31. Mirror with perpendicular lines
32. Electrical wire A
33. Electrical wire B
34. Top conducting plate with star shaped hole
35. Bottom conducting plate with star shaped hole
36. Transparent cylinder for holding 34 and 35
37. Stand for holding 36
38a. Lamp inside box 1
39. Transparent jar
39a. Transparent jar 39 with eight protrudes
40. Cover for 39
41. Fluid in 39
42. Air filled ball
43. IC chip
44. ON-OFF switch
45. Battery for 43
46. Terminal box
48. Battery for 47
49. Electrogravito mechanical (EGM) relay
49a. T plate for
50. Battery for 49
51. Toggle switch
52. Frame A
53. Frame B
54. Frame C
55. Alarm and Counter
56. Battery for 55
57. Inclined earth surface
58. Horizontal line
59. Line perpendicular to 57
0. Angle between 57 and 58
60. Solid disc with a hanger on top
61. Proximity sensor
63. Transparent jar with eight protrudes 64 63a. Eight holes in 63
64. Eight protrudes for eight directions
65. Hole in to^ of 64
66. Cover for 63
6. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
A FTPST EMBODIMENT
Figure — 1 shows 3 condition in which the ground 57 is tilted and making an angle theta 0 "with the horizontal 58, The perpendicular line 59 to the ground 57 makes similar angle theta with the vertical hanging needle 30. If this angle i.e. inclination of the wound is more than the threshold value the needle 30 energises the Electrogravito mechanical relay 49 by touching two plates 34 and 35.
Figure – 2, 3 and 4 describe the first embodiment of the present invention Earthquake
Alarm and Advance Warning System (EAAWS) Two long hollow pipes 2 are joined in the middle connected by a spring 2a as shown in figure 3 and 4. The preferred material of the pipes 2 is PVC but it can be made of any solid materials. Bottom of nine 2 is fixed on the ton cover of the
box 1 and to give additional support to the long pipe 2 by foundation 4. The Foundation 4 should
be very sturdy and once fixed should not move even a micrometer. This will ensure that pipes 2
are fixed firmly. A jar 39 or 39a or 63 or any other shape of figure 8 is fixed on top cover 18 of
the pipe 2. The preferred design of the jar is figure 8 (C). Eight holes 63a for eight directions N, S,
E, W, NE, NW, SE and SW are made in the jar 39a or 63. Eight rectangular protrudes 64 are for
eight directions each having one small hole 65 on top face. This hole 65 allows the smooth flow
of fluids 41 from the jar 63 into the protrudes 64 by allowing air to expelled out whenever either
the ground tilt beyond a threshold value or shaking of the ground takes place. Jar 39, 39a, 63 or
any other object used for the said purpose should be made of transparent materials. Protrudes 64
should also be made of transparent materials. This will allow seeing the fluids 39 into the jar 63
and protrudes 64 from outside. The fluids 39 is kept at a height just touching bottom of eight holes
in the jar 63. The best fluid may be mercury. Whenever a portion of the Earth’s surface tilt
beyond the threshold value or the shaking of the ground takes place the fluids 41 enter into
protrudes through holes 63a in the jar 63. The direction of origin of the earthquake is towards the protrude in which maximum quantity of fluids 41 is accumulated. A cover 40 covers the jar from top. When low-density fluids like water is filled in the jar 39 than air filled ball 42 can be "laced on the surface of the water 41.
A small pipe 3 is fixed on top cover of the box 1. A platform 13 is fixed on a rectangular block 16 which is fixed on the top cover of the box 1, A level 14 and compass 15 is placed on the platform 13 for level checking and direction of the box 1. Another level 12 is placed on top of the box 1, These two levels are initially used to keep the box 1 in horizontal position. The inclination of the Earth's surface is also noticed by these levels 12 and 14. Two holes 5 & 6 are made in the top cover to see inside the box 1.
Three frames 52 53 and 54 are fixed on front side of the box 1. On frame A ^52^ two lam" 38 and 38a, battery 22, and switch 17 are fixed. On frame B (53) clock 47, alarm and counter 55, electrogravito mechanical relay 49 and their power supply 48 56 and 50 respectively and switch 51 are fixed. On frame C (54) speaker 10, lamp 9, power source 45, IC chip 43 and switch 44 are fixed. One terminal box 46 is also fixed on the box 1. Their electrical connection is shown in the circuit diagram o Figure — 4.
Figure 3 shows a cut section in figure 2. A long needle 30 is attached to a ring 29. The
needle 30 is hanging by a thread/ string 28 from top of the pipe 2 by a hanger 19 fixed on top cover 18 of pipe 2. The needle 30 is free to oscillate. Two parallel plates 34 and 35 having star shaped hole are fixed on a transparent cylinder 36 at its two end. The plates 34 and 35 and needle
30 are made of highly conducting material e.g. silver, aluminium, copper etc and cylinder 36 of
any insulating material. The cylinder 36 is fixed on a stand 37. The stand 37 is fixed on floor of the box 1. The needle 30 is hanoin0 at the centre of the two pates 34 & 35 and its sharp bottom tip is a few millimeters above the centre of a glass mirror 31. The glass mirror 31 is fixed on floor of the box 1. There are perpendicular lines made on the °lass mirror 31 and it is "laced such that its centre is in line with the axis of the needle 30. Two parallel plates 34 & 35 are connected to two electrical wires 32 and 33 respectively. Whenever needle 30 touches two plates 34 & 35 the relay 49 energises.
In figure - 3 a recording system for recording occurrence of the earthquake is shown. A lead,/ refill 26 freely slides inside 27. The pen/ hollow cylinder 27 is hanging by a thread' string 25 from to" of the pipe 3 by a hanger 21 fixed on to" cover 20 of the pipe 3. A stack of discs 27a is fixed with pen 27 to increase it's inertial mass. This will ensure that there would not be much oscillation of the lead 26 and only the recording surface 23 moves according to shaking of the ground. The recording paper 23 is stacked inside a plate/ bowl 24. The bowl/ plate 24 is fixed on the floor of the box 1. The lead/ refill 26 touches the recording surface 23 always. There is a very small friction between recording paper 23 and lead' refill 26 due to a very small weight of the lead/ refill 26.
Figure 4 is the circuit diagram for the first embodiment shown in figure 2 and 3. A specially designed relay called Electrogravito relay 49 is used in the present invention to get the required result. Two wires 32 and 33 are terminated on a terminal box 46 which is fixed on the box 1. The wires 32 are connected to the EGM relay 49 and wire 33 to a power supply 50. The other end of the supply 50 is connected to the EGM relay 49. A switch 51 is connected to wires 32 and 33 to check the functioning of alarm system in normal condition. The normally closed contact 'a' and common contact 'b' is connected to a clock 47 and battery source 48 for the clock 47. This ensures that in normal condition the clock always ticks and gets OFF only during earthquake or the ground tilt more than the threshold value. The normally open contact 'c' and the common terminal 'b' is connected to alarm & counter 55 and battery 56. Terminal 'd' and 'e' is connected
to IC chip 43 and terminals 'f & 'g' to !amps 38, 38a and battery 22. A switch 17 is connected in
the circuit of lamps 38, 38a and battery 22 to check healthiness of this circuit. Switch 44 is
connected to IC chip 43 to check healthiness of its circuit. A switch 51 is to check the healthiness
of the complete circuits by switching ON – OFF in normal condition.
When needle 30 touches two plates 34 and 35 either due to tilting of a small "art of the Earth's surface beyond threshold value or shaking of the ground takes places due to any reasons the power supply will be fed to the EGM relay 49. The relay 49 energises resulting into opening of its closed contact and closing of its open contact. The T plate 49a is placed on the closed contact 'a' and 'b' of the EGM relay 49. The 49a is T shaped made of non insulating material. Two small conducting plates for terminals 'd' & 'e' and T & 'g' are fixed on the horizontal plate on either side of the vertical "late.
The EGM relay 49 used in this present invention is having four terminals. Closed terminal 'a' open terminal 'c-', common 'b' open terminal 'd' & 'e' open terminal 'f & '°' as shown in the figure 4. In normal condition i, e, deenrgised condition of the relay 49 all contacts are open except contact 'a' & 'b' which is closed. The contact 'c' & 'b', 'd' & 'e' and 'f & 'e' are open.
When the relay 49 energises, the terminal 'a' & 'b' gets open, the T plate 49a dropped, terminals 'b' & 'c' 'd' & 'e' and 'f & '°' °et closed. The dropping of the T "late 49a ensure that there is no electrical connection between contact a1 & 'b' and the closed contact 'b' & 'c' will remain close even after de enrgization of the EGM relay 49. This is a very good feature of this relay which does not need power source to keep the relay in energise state after first energization of the EGM relay 49. The clock 47 stops ticking because its input circuit open due to opening of the contacts 'a' & 'b'. This gives the time at which the Earth's surface tilt beyond a threshold value or shaking of the ground started. The alarm and counter 55 starts ringing and counting due to closing of contact 'b' & 'c\ The alarm and counting will be continue till the T plate 49a is lifted up manually. Lamps 38 & 38a glow due to closing of contact 'f & ‘g’. These lamp will stop glowing when the T plate 49a is lifted up manually, The ON/ OFF terminal of the IC chip 43 is connected to contact 'd' & 'e' of the relay 49. The characteristic of the IC chi" 43 is such that
Once it’s ON – OFF terminal is ON the lamp 9 will glow and speaker 10 will give music for a few second even if it's ON — OFF terminal is OFF. So the above function is for giving alarm to the people about earthquake either in advance or on onset.
B. SECOND EMBODIMENT
The second embodiment of the "resent invention EAAWS is similar to the first embodiment. In this embodiment the number of instruments and devices used is less than that of first embodiment.
In this embodiment the wires 32 & 33 are connected directly to the ON - OFF terminals of the IC chi" 43. The frame B (53) along with devices and instruments fixed on it are not used in this embodiment. The frame A (52) is not electrically connected to two plates 34 & 35. The lamp 38a is made ON — OFF manually by the switch 17. No EGM relay no clock 47 no alarm and
Counter 55, no switch 51 are used in this embodiment. This is the simplest embodiment of all the
three embodiments describe in this "resent invention.
Figure — 5 shows the circuit diagram of the second embodiment of the present invention.
When the Earth's crust tilt beyond a threshold value or shaking of the ground starts the needle 30 will touch two plates 34 and 35, This will result in closing of the ON - OFF terminal of the IC chi" 43. Once the IC chi" is ON its characteristic and function is such that for a few second lam"
9 will glow and music will be heard from speaker 10. This gives warning to the people about either tilting of the Earth's surface beyond a threshold value or on onset of shaking of the ground. A lamp 38a, battery 22 and switch 17 are fixed on a frame A ^52). The lamp 38a is inside the box 1 whenever it is required to see the position of the needle 30 through holes 5 and. 6 on top cover of the box 1, the lamp 38a is made ON by switch 17.
C. THIRD EMBODIMENT
The third embodiment of the present invention is similar to the first embodiment with a minor change in alarm system and major change in recording system.
Figure — 2 6 and 7 describe this embodiment. It is similar to the first embodiment of the present invention with a minor changes in alarm system for giving warning in advance when the Earth's surface tilt a value more than the threshold value or on onset of shaking of the ground (earthquake) and major changes in recording system for recording occurrences of the earthquake. The system for giving direction of origin of the earthquake is same as that of in the first embodiment.
In place of needle 30 and two plates 34 & 35 a proximity sensor 61 and a disc 60 is used as a switch. Here the electrogravito mechanical relay 49 is always in energise state where as in the first embodiment it was in de energise state. The proximity sensor 61 is connected to the EGM relay 49 by a cable 62. In this embodiment the terminals 3 & 2 of the EGM relay 49 is connected to the clock 47 and 1 & 2 to alarm and counter 55. The IC chip 43 and two lamps 38, 38a are connected to the same terminals as that in the first embodiment. The T plate 49a is placed on the closed contact 'c' & 'b' of the EGM relay 49. Whenever the Earth's surface tilt beyond a
threshold value or shaking of the ground take place the EGN relay gets de energised. The de
energisation of the EGM relay 49 will result into opening of contacts ‘c’ & ‘b’ , dropping of T
plate 49a between the contact 'b' & 'c’, closing of contact 'a' & 'b', 'd' & 'e' and 'f & 'g'. This in turn stop the clock 47 to tick starts alarm and counter 55 lamps 38 & 38a will flow IC chip 43 gets ON giving music through speaker 10 and glowing lamp 9. Thus the EAAWS gives warning about the tilting of the around beyond threshold value or shaking of the wound.
The recording system in this embodiment is a little bit different from the first embodiment. In this embodiment figure — 7 the load/ refill 26 touches the moving recording surface 23a where as in the first embodiment the recording surface 23 (figure -3) was not moving it was static. A motor 27b moves the recording paper 23a. The recording system records the occurrence of the earthquake. Increasing the length of the pipe 3 can increase the sensitivity of the recording system.
|Indian Patent Application Number||728/MUM/2006|
|PG Journal Number||03/2011|
|Date of Filing||10-May-2006|
|Name of Patentee||BINAY KUMAR|
|Applicant Address||BINAY KUMAR,DEE/P, SECOND FLOOR, PAATAP NAGAR, VADODARA (GUJARAR) 390004|
|PCT International Classification Number||G01V9/00|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|