|Title of Invention||
"COMPOSITION FOR TOPICALLY TREATING SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS"
|Abstract||Disclosed is a medicine for topically treating seborrheic dermatitis comprising a therapeutically effective amount of ivermectin mixed with a pharmaceutical acceptable carrier, wherein said therapeutically effective quantity of ivermectin has a concentration of 750 mcg per ml. Further disclosed is the use of a therapeutically effective amount of ivermectin with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier for the manufacture of a pharmaceutical composition for topical application for treating seborrheic dermatitis, wherein said ivermectin is in a concentration of 750 mcg/ml.|
|Full Text||BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION This application is divided out IN/PCT/2002/00238/DEL.
The present invention relates to a medicine for topically treating seborrheic dermatitis and use of a therapeutically effective amount of ivermectin, and more particularly to a medicine for treating seborrheic dermatitis comprising mixing a therapeutically effective amount of ivermectin with a pharmaceutical acceptable carrier or water. Seborrheic dermatitis, also known as seborrheic eczema and seborrhea, is a chronic superficial inflammatory disease of the skin capable of affecting many parts of the body including the scalp, eyebrows, nasolabial creases, lips, ears, sternal area, axillae, submammary folds, umbilicus, groins, and gluteul crease. The disease is characterized by many shapes, sizes, and surface textures and is often crust-like, yellowish, and accompanied by itching. This is also characterized by remission and exacerbation.
The iteology, pathogenesis and histology of seborrheic dermatitis are unresolved. However, it bears close clinical resemblance to psoriasis and many researchers are of the belief that both conditions share a related etiology, notwithstanding that psoriasis is a broader and less definable condition. Therein, psoriasis typically differentiates over seborrheic dermatitis in its absence of itching and its resistance treatment by compounds, such as, selenium sulfide and zinc pvrithonate which have been employed in the treatment of seborrheic conditions.
Some researchers attribute seborrheic dermatitis to a zinc deficiency while others consider its etiology to be microbial. Yet others believe that a hormonal influence exists since the condition does not appear before puberty. It has also been hypothersized that a specific fungus, i.e., a lipophiolic plemorphic the fungus is responsible for various forms of seborrheic dermatitis. As such, the argument that yeast, a common form of such fungus, is at least one cause of such dermatitis, is considered a persuasive one.
Prior art which reflects the view that seborrheic dermatitis is a zinc deficiency is reflected in U.S. Patent No. 5,997,852 (1999) to Akiko, et al, entitled Remedy For Dermatitis, while the school that views seborrheic dermatitis as microbial in origin and, thereby, urges
treatment of the same with antibiotics, is reflected in U.S. Patent No. 4,965,935 (1986) to Rosenberg, et al entitled Topical Treatment Of Psoriasis With Imidazole Antibiotics. As such, Rosenberg, et al equates pathogenic psoriasis with pathogenic seborrheic dermatitis. In this view of the condition, it is also common to employ polymycin B-hydrocortisone, i.e., a cortisone-medicated antibiotic, as a topical liquid.
The instant invention derives from the school which views soborrheic dermatitis as essentially fungal and, as such, caused by organisms at the largest end of the spectrum of microscopic organisms. That is, organisms larger than bacteria, but is still not visible to human eye. These include as yet undetected microorganisms, amenable or responsive to treatment with topical ivermectin.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention constitutes a medicine for topically treating seborrheic dermatitis comprising a therapeutically effective amount of ivermectin mixed with a pharmaceutical acceptable carrier, wherein said therapeutically effective quantity of ivermectin has a concentration of 750 meg per ml.
The present invention constitutes a method of treatment of seborrheic dermatitis consisting of the application, in the form of either a lotion or a cream, of a mixture comprising a therapeutically effective amount of ivermectin in water in a concentration of about 750 micrograms per milliliter (mcg/ml), in the case of a lotion, and with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier if used as a cream. Such a lotion or cream is applied nightly for a period of seven days and then employed on a maintenance basis one to four times per month.
It is accordingly an object of the invention to provide a curative topical therapy for the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis.
It is another object to provide a safe and effective method for the treatment of such dermatitis which will afford a substantially permanent relief therefrom.
The above and yet other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the hereinafter set forth Detailed Description of the Invention and Claims appended herewith.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The inventive topical use of ivermectin, which is a part of a larger chemical family known as the 13-deoxy aglycones, has historically been a product of Merck & Co., Inc., Rahway, New Jersey. It, historically, been employed in veterinary applications for the treatment of endoparasitic conditions in animals. However, some medical papers, particularly from the third world and tropical regions, have suggested that the topical use of ivermectin in humans in the treatment of internal or endoparasatic conditions, such as myiasis and onchocerciasis. However, these conditions have no known pathogenic or histologic connection to seborrheic dermatitis or, for that matter, to any known form of psoriasis. Further, no publication known to the within inventor has ever suggested employment of topical ivermectin in the treatment of any form of dermatitis.
The instant invention entails the use of a therapeutically effective quantity of ivermectin, generally available from Merck as a paste, which, when dissolved in water, is sufficient to form a lotion having a concentration of at least 750 meg per ml. Alternatively, a cream of ivermectin may be formed, this in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier such as propylene glycol, sodium lauryl sulfate, zanthan gum, or combinations thereof.
The lotion or cream is then applied on a daily basis for seven days and, thereafter, one to four times per month on the affected area to prevent recurrence of the condition.
With respect to mechanism of action, it is believed that the effect of ivermectin upon the skin relates principally to sebaceous glands which exist in almost every follicule of the human skin, and are vulnerable to attack by fungii. Accordingly, therein the fungus theory as well as the hormonal dysfunction theory of seborrheic dermatitis is addressed. Also, due to the relaxation effect on the skin which has been demonstrated in the application thereto of ivermectin, the theory of etiology relative to emotional stress and associated increased perspiration as a cause of seborrheic dermatitis, is also addressed. As such, the quieting and desensitizing effect of ivermectin is believed to subdue the motor lability to thereby reduce capillary stress associated with the condition.
Over a period of experimental testing of about seven years upon about 100 patients in my practice in Ormond Beach, Florida, I found results of the above method to be both safe and remarkably effective in the treatment of otherwise stubborn conditions of seborrheic dermatitis. Further, where the patients have followed the proper regime of use of ivermectin, I have seen no recurrence of the condition. Also, none of the side effects, such as allergic irritation or burning, associated with prior art medication, particularly, topical antibiotics have appeared. Thereby, in my use of the above described ivemectin lotion and cream, I have not encountered any auto immune response from patients so treated as, occasionally, has been case with the using antibiotics such as erythromycin, tetracycline, and imidazoles such as ketanazole. Accordingly, I believe I have discovered an effective and almost universally safe method of the treatment of seborrheic dermatitis which may have additional value in the treatment of types of psoriasis having an etiology common to seborrheic dermatitis.
While there has been shown and described the preferred embodiment of the instant invention it is to be appreciated that the invention may be embodied otherwise than is herein specifically shown and described and that, within said embodiment, certain changes may be made in the form and arrangement of the parts without departing from the underlying ideas or principles of this invention as set forth in the Claims appended herewith.
1. A composition for topically treating seborrheic dermatitis comprising a therapeutically effective amount of ivermectin mixed with a pharmaceutical acceptable carrier, wherein said therapeutically effective quantity of ivermectin has a concentration of 750 mcg per ml.
2. The composition as claimed in claim 1, wherein the pharmaceutical carrier is selected from the group of carriers consisting of propylene glycol, sodium lauryl sulfate, xanthum gum and combinations thereof.
3. The composition for topically treating seborrheic dermatitis substantially as herein described.
|Indian Patent Application Number||123/DELNP/2005|
|PG Journal Number||03/2011|
|Date of Filing||13-Jan-2005|
|Name of Patentee||PARKS, L., DEAN|
|Applicant Address||2420 SOUTHWEST 15TH STREET, OCALA,FL 34471 (US)|
|PCT International Classification Number||A61K 31/35|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/US01/41159|
|PCT International Filing date||2001-06-27|