Title of Invention

"BENZOPYRAN DERIVATIVES SUBSTITUTED WITH SECONDARY AMINES INCLUDING IMIDAZOLE,THEIR PREPARATION AND PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS CONTAINING THEM"

Abstract Benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines including imidazole by the following formula 1, their stereochemical isomers and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts. FORMULA 1 Wherein R1 represents H, CN, NO2 or NH2, R2 represents wherein Ra represents straight or branched alkyl group of C1-C4, R3 and R4 are independent each other and represent H, Cl, Br, F, alkyl group of C1-C3, ORb, CF3, OCF3, NO;, or C02Rb/ Rb represents H or alkyl group of C1-C3, and * represents the chiral center.
Full Text BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the invention
The present invention relates to novel benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines including imidazole of formula 1. It also relates to process for preparing the novel compounds and pharmaceutical formulations comprising one or more of the compounds as an active ingredient.
The present invention also relates to pharmaceutical use of the benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines including imidazole. In particular, the present invention is pharmacologically useful in the treatment of cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and diabetic retinopathies through anti-angiogenic properties, and also pharmacologically useful .for the protection of heart, neuronal cells, brain injury, organs for preservation or in major cardiovascular surgery against ischemia-reperfusion injury or oxidative stress. FORMULA 1
(Formula Removed)
Wherein R1, R2, R3, R4 and * are each defined in specification.
2. Description of the Prior Art
The ratio of cancer in human diseases is being gradually increased despite the considerable research has been devoted to the whole area of cancer. Since the 1970s discovery by J. Folkman that angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from preexisting vessels, is implicated in tumor growth, anti-angiogenics have been identified as one of the most promising and innovative drug classes.
Traditional chemotherapeutics destroy tumor cell populations by chemical poisoning of cancer cells during their productive cycles, which affect normal cells as well as tumor cells resulting in serious side effects. Therefore, the research on the development of anti-angiogenic agents, which inhibit the formation of new blood vessels to provide oxygen and nutrients, and to provide a way to metastasize to distant organs, is considered as one of the novel approaches for the anti-cancer therapies.
While angiogenesis normally occurs in adults only in the specific conditions such as wound healing and inflammation, angiogenesis is recognized as the core process for growth and metastasis of solid tumors because solid tumors could only grow to 1-2 mm without developing a blood supply (Folkman, J. et al. f J. Biol. Chem. 267: 10931-10934 (1992)). In normal conditions the angiogenic process is under tight regulation of stimulatory and inhibitory factors. Under certain pathological conditions such as the growth of solid tumors, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, complications of AIDS, and diabetic retinopathy, angiogenesis occurs in a less controlled manner (Forkman, J., Klagsbrun. M. Science 235: 442-447 (1987). Angiogenesis includes a series of processes such as the migration, proliferation and differentiation of endothelial cells, and is an important prerequisite for the growth and metastasis of cancers. In detailf because the growing tumor cells require the formation of blood vessels from host cells, angiogenesis promoters derived from tumors stimulate to induce the angiogenesis into the tumor mass. Afterwards, the blood vessels formed around the malignant tumors facilitate to metastasize the tumor cells to other sites. Therefore, the inhibition of angiogenesis leads to the prevention of the growth and metastasis of cancers. As one
of the important research areas for the developing of anti-cancer drugs, extensive attention is paid to the finding of angiogenesis inducers and angiogenesis inhibitors and the revealing of their working mechanisms.
Because angiogenesis is a complex process with multiple, sequential and independent steps, it creates many potential targets for inhibition, including inhibition of
angiogenesis inducers' production, inhibition of the binding of angiogenesis inducers to their receptors, inhibition of basal membrane degradation, inhibition of endothelial proliferation and migration, inhibition of capillary tube formation, and inhibition of basal membranes' syntheses and migration, etc. Thus far, proteins such as prostamine and tumor necrotic factors, polysaccharides, antibiotics, various steroid derivatives, pblycataions, and polyanions have been found to be able to play roles as angiogenesis inhibitors. In particular, hydrocortisone exhibits anti-angiogenetic activity by cotreatment with heparin (Lee,. A. et al., Science 221: 1185-1187 (1983); Crum, R. et al., Science 230:. 1375-1378 (1985)). Recently Astra Zeneca's Iressa was launched for non small cell lung carcinoma, and several anti-angiogenic agents are currently in clinical trials. Neovastat, Tarceva, CAI and Thalomid are under phase III clinical trials with
some positive results.
Ischemia heart diseases usually occur as a result of myocardial ischemia, when the- oxygen supply is significantly decreased compared to the oxygen demand due to the imbalance between them. In most cases, a coronary artery disorder was found to be a main reason of the ischemic heart diseases. If the inner diameter of coronary artery becomes narrow, the blood supply, resulting in oxygen supply, becomes insufficient, which can cause angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, acute cardioplegia, arrhythmia, and so on (G.J. Grover, Can. J. Physiol. 75, 309 (1997); G. D. Lopaschuk et al., Science & Medicine 42 (1997)). Because ischemic heart diseases are also caused by other complex factors besides coronary artery disorders, drug therapy as well as operational method such as percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is required for its treatment. For that purpose, several drugs are being used, including anti-thrombotic agents, arteriosclerosis, curatives, especially beta blockers, nitrate, calcium antagonists such as nifedipin, thromobolytics, aspirin, and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.
Differently from conventional potassium channel
openers, the benzopyranyl anilinomethylimidazole compound (BMS-191095), has been reported to act selectively on ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP) located in the heart (K. S. Atwal et al., J. Mde. Chem. 36, 3971 (1993); K. S. Atwal et al., J. Me. Chem. 38, 1966 (1995)). The BMS 191095 compound was found to protect ischemic hearts without a significant lowering of blood pressure, which gives the prospects for novel drug development as a cardioprotectant.
(Formula Removed)
Damage or death of neurons is known to be a main cause
for various neurological disorders such as stroke, head
trauma, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, infant
asphyxia, glaucoma and daiabetic neuropathy, etc. (G. J.
Zoppo et al., Drugs 54, 9(1997); I. Sziraki et al.,
Neuroscl. 85, 110(1998)). Neurons are damaged by various
factors and typically by increases in iron concentration,
reactive oxygen species, and peroxidants within neurons (M.
P. Mattson et al., Methods Cell Biol. 46, 187 (1995); Y.
Goodman et al., Brain .Res.-706, 328 (1996)).
The intensive research on the development of compounds with the above-mentioned pharmacological efficacies by the inventors, found that the benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines including imidazole represented by the formula 1. The compounds exhibit various pharmacological efficacies, including suppression of angiogenesis, in vivo anti-cancer activity, cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury, neuroprotective activity, prevention of lipid peroxidation and reactive oxygen species formation. Thus the compound of the present invention can be useful in the prevention and treatment of various diseases related to angiogenesis such as cancers, rheumatoid arthritis, and diabetic retinopathy; neuronal damage such as infant asphyxia, glaucoma, diabetic neuropathy and head trauma; oxygen free radical-related disease such as neurodegenerative diseases and atherosclerosis; and diseases related to cardiovascular system such as myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and angina pectoris.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The. present invention provides benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines including imidazole by
the following formula 1 and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts. FORMULA 1
(Formula Removed)
Wherein R1 represents H, CN, NO2 or NH2,
(Formula Removed)
R represents CH3, represents straight or branched alkyl group of C1-C4; and Z is straight or branched alkyl group of C2-C6,
R3 and R4 are independent each other and represent H, Cl, Br, F, alkyl group of C1-C3, ORb, CF3, OCF3, N02, or C02Rb? Rb represents H or alkyl. group of C1-C3,
and * represents the chiral center.
The present invention includes all the solvates and hydrates which can be prepared from benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines including imidazole of formula 1 in addition to benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines including imidazole of formula 1 and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts.
The present invention includes all the separate stereochemical isomers, i. e. diastereomerically pure or enantiomerically pure compounds which have one or more chiral centers at 2, 3 and 4-positions, in addition to the racemic mixtures or diastereomer mixtures of benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines including imidazole of formula 1.
In case of having three . chiral centers at 2, 3 and 4-positions, the 3,4-dihydrobenzopyran derivatives according to the present invention are represented by the optical isomers such as (ii), (Is)/ (Is) and (I*) (See the following formula 2). FORMULA 2
(Formula Removed)
Wherein R1, R2, R3 and R4 are defined as above.
In particular, the preferable compounds of the present invention are:
1) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-
2-methyl-6-nitro-'4- [ N- (4-chlorophenyl) -
N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
2) (2S,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-
2-methyl-6-nitro-4- [ N- (4-chlorophenyl) -
N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
3) (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-
2-methyl-6-nitro-4- [ N- {4-chlorophenyl) -
N~( lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
4) (2R,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-
2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (4-chlorophenyl)-
N-{ lF-imida2ol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
5) (2S,3S,4R)-37 4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-
2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-
N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
6) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-
2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (4-methoxyphenyl)-
N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-~l-benzopyran;
7) (2S,3S,4R) -3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-
2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-
W- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino3-2H-l-benzopyran;
8) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-
2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (4-bromophenyl)-
N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
9) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (2,4-dimethylphenyl)-N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
10 ) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (2-isopropylphenyl)-N-(IE-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
11) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-
hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (2, 3-dimethylphenyl)-
N-( 1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-1-benzopyran;
12) (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-
hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)-
N-( 1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
13) (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-
hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-( 4-bromophenyl ).-
N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino ] -2H-l-benzopyran;
14 ) (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-methoxyphenyl)-N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
15) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-
hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (4-fluorophenyl)-
N-(IF-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
16) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-
hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4- [ N- (2-methoxyphenyl) -N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
17) (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (2-isopropylphenyl)-N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
18 ) (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (2-methoxyphenyl)-N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
19) (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-
hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (3-chloropheny1)-
N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
20) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4~dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-
hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (3-chloropheny1)-
N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
21) (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-
hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-
N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
22) (2S,3S,4R)-6-cyano-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[ N- (4-chlorophenyl)-
N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
23) (2R,3R,4S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[ N- (4-chlorophenyl)-
N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
24) (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyranj
25) (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[ N- (4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-
N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
26) (2R,3R, 4S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[ N- (4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-
N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H-l~benzop'yran;
27) (2R,3R,4S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-tN-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)-
N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino ] -2H- 1-benzopyran;
28) (2R,3R,4S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[ N- (4-methoxyphenyl)-
N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
29) (2R,3R,4S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-'[ N- (4-bromophenyl) -
N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
30) (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxyraethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[ N~ (2,3-dimethylphenyl)-
N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
31) (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[ N- (2-methoxypheny1)-
N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-1-benzopyran;
32) (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4- [ N- (4-methoxyphenyl) -
N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
33) (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro~2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-
N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
34) {2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[ N- (2-isopropylphenyl)-
N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
35) (2S r3S,4R)-6~amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[ N- (4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-
N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
36) ' (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-
3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-bromophenyl)-
N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran; and
37 ) (2S, 3S, 4R) -6-amino-3 ,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxyrnethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-{ lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran.
The compounds of formula 1 may be used as pharmaceutically acceptable salts derived from pharmaceutica,lly or physiologically acceptable free acids. These salts include but are not limited to the following: salts with inorganic acids such as hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, sulfuric acid, sulfonic acid, phosphoric acid, etc. and organic acids such as citric acid, acetic
acid, maleic acid, fumaric acid, gluconic acid, methanesulfonic acid, glycolic acid, succinic acid, tartaric acid, 4-toluenesulfonic acid, galacturonic acid, embonic acid, glutamic acid, aspartic acid, etc.
The acid salts of the compounds according to the present invention can be prepared in the customary manner, for example by dissolving the compound of formula 1 in excess aqueous acid and precipitating the salt with a water-miscible organic solvent, such as methanol, ethanol, acetone or acetonitrile. It is also possible to prepare by heating equivalent amounts of the compound of formula 1 and an acid in water or an alcohol, such as glycol monomethyl ether, and then evaporating the mixture to dryness or filtering off the precipitated salt with suction.
In addition, the present invention provides processes for preparing of the benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines including imidazole of formula 1.
In particular, the present invention provides processes for preparing of the benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines including imidazole of formula 1 by the reaction of the compound of formula II and the compound of formula III in the presence of metal salt as represented in the following scheme 1.
Scheme 1
(Scheme Removed)
Wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, * and n are each defined as above.
The derivatives ' of formula 1 can be prepared separately as an optically active isomer by using the' corresponding optical isomer as a starting material.
In case of using a racemic mixture as a starting material, the derivatives of formula 1 are prepared as a racemic mixture, and then the racemic mixture is separated into each optical isomers. The optical isomers can be separated by common chiral column chromatography or recrystallization.
The compounds of formula 1 can be synthesized using the reactions and techniques described herein below. The reactions are performed in a solvent appropriate to the reagents and materials employed and suitable for the transformation being effected.
I. Preparation of Starting Materials (1) Preparation of epoxide compounds (II) Epoxide compounds (Hi) and epoxide compounds (Ha) can be prepared from the olefin compound (IVi) and epoxide compounds (II3) and epoxide compounds (1X4) can be prepared from the olefin compound (IV2) as represented by the following scheme 2, by the method disclosed in KR Pat. Appln. No. 2000-60467 which was axquired by the present inventors.
Scheme 2
(Scheme Removed)
Wherein R1 and R2 are each defined as above formula 1.
(2) Preparation of secondary amine compounds including
imidazole (III)
Secondary amine compounds including imidazole ring (III), which were used in scheme 1, can be prepared by reductive amination of 2-imidazolecarboxaldehyde and aniline compounds as represented in scheme 3.
Scheme 3
(Scheme Removed)
Wherein R3 and R4 are each defined as above formula I.
In the above scheme 3, various reducing agents can be employed for reductive amination such as sodium borohydride and sodium cyanoborohydride, etc.
Preferred solvents are alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, etc., or ethyl acetate.
Reaction temperature is preferably maintained from room temperature to the boiling point of solvent employed.
II. Preparation Method
The method for the preparation of compounds (formula 1) comprises the step of reaction of an epoxide compound (II) with secondary amine compound (III) in the presence of proper metal salts.
Metal salts used for this reaction, are Mg(Cl04)2/ CoCl2, LiCl04, NaClO4, CaCl2, znd2, LiBF4, Zn(Tf)2, etc., and preferable solvents are acetonitrile, tetrahydrofuran, dimethylformamide, etc. Reaction temperature may range from room temperature to boiling point of employed solvent.
In case of using each stereoisomer of the epoxide
compound (II) as a starting material, the product with the
same configuration to that of the starting material is
obtained, "respectively. That is, the compounds (Ii), (la)/
(I3) or (I4) of formula 1, can be prepared from epoxide
compounds (II1), (II2), (II3) or (II4) with amine compounds
(III), respectively.
The compounds (V) of formula 1 whose R! is NH2 can be prepared by the reduction of the compounds (IV) of which R1 is NO2 as represented in the below scheme 4. Scheme 4
(Scheme Removed)
Wherein R2, R3, R4 and * are each defined as above.
The NO2 group can be reduced to NH2 group by hydrogenation using metal catalysts such as platinum, palladium, palladium on carbon (Pd/C), Raney-nickel, etc. in a suitable solvent. Preferred solvents are alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, etc., and ethyl acetate.
In addition, the reduction of NO2 group to NH2 group can be carried out by using a reducing agent such as NaBEU, etc. in the presence of CuSOo Cu(OAc)2, CoCl2, SnCl2 or
NiCl2, etc. At this time, preferred solvent is a mixture of water and methanol and reaction temperature is from room temperature to boiling point of employed solvent.
In addition, the present invention provides pharmaceutical compositions which contain the benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines including imidazole of the above formula 1 or their pharmaceutically acceptable salts as an active ingredient. In particular, the lOpresent invention provides pharmaceutical compositions for suppression of angiogenesis, protection of neuronal cells, brain injury, heart, and organs for preservation or during cardiovascular surgery, and antioxidants.
The compounds of the present invention have an ability 15to suppress angiogenesis. In detail, the compounds of the present invention inhibit the HUVEC (Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cell) tube formation induced by bFGF (basic Fibroblast Growth Factor), and suppress in vivo angiogenesis in mouse matrigel plug assay (subcutaneous and oral 20administration) and CAM (chorioallantonic membrane assay). Also, the compounds of present invention significantly suppress the tumor growth in nude mouse xenografts of A549 human non small cell lung carcinoma without any significant side effects such as loss of body weights. No mice treated
with the compounds of present invention were died, which shows reduced toxicity compared to traditional cytotoxic anti-cancer agents. Therefore, the compounds of present invention can be used for anti-cancer agents and can be Sapplied for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and diabetic retinopathies.
In addition, the compounds of the present invention have an ability to protect neurons. In particular, the compounds of the present invention protect neurons from oxidative stress induced by iron and from neuronal cell damage induced by hydrogen peroxide. Therefore, the compounds of the present invention can be used as a neuroprotective and can also be applied for the prevention and treatment of infant asphyxia, glaucoma, diabetic neuropathy, and head trauma caused by neuronal cell damage or death.
Furthermore, the compounds of the present invention inhibit the lipid peroxidation induced by iron or copper, and suppress intracellular reactive oxygen species in A7r5 (Rat thoracic aorta smooth muscle cell line, ATCC) induced by HaOa. Hence, the compounds of the present invention can be used as an antioxidant and can be effectively applied for the medical treatment of the neurodegenerative disorders caused by lipid peroxydation and the accumulation
of free radical species within neurons, such as aging and senile dementia.
In isolated ischemia rat heart model using Langendorff apparatus, the compounds of the present invention significantly prolong the time to contracture (TTC, time to contracture), improve the recovery of postischemic contractile function (LVDP x HR, (left ventricular developing pressure) x (heart rat)), and decrease the release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) which is a marker enzyme for cell injury, then show similar- cardioprotection effect compared to that of BMS-180448. In addition, the compounds of the present invention have low vasorelaxant activity in contrast to BMS-180448 and BMS-191095. Further, the compounds of the present invention exhibited equal antiischemic activity compared to that of BMS-180448 in the ischemic myocardium injury - models of anesthetized rats. As described above, the compounds of the present invention exert excellent anti-ischemic activity both in vitro and in vivo, while show low vasorelaxant activity, so that they can be used as cardioprotectives for the prevention and treatment of myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and stable angina.
The present invention includes pharmaceutical
formulations used for humans which are prepared in the customary manner by known methods, for example by mixing the active ingredient or ingredients, such as fillers, diluents, binders, humectants, disintegrants, etc.
Solid formulations for Oral administration are tablets, coated tablets, dusting powders, granules, capsules, and pills, which can contain more than one additives in addition to the active ingredient or ingredients, for example starches, calcium carbonate, sucrose, lactose, or gelatin. Besides simple additives, lubricants, for example magnesium stearate and talc, can be used.
Liquid formulations for oral administration are suspension, solution, emulsion, and syrup, which can contain the customary excipients, for example, the liquid diluents such as water and liquid paraffin, wetting agents,
sweeteners, preservatives and additives which improve the
smell and taste.
Formulations for parenteral administration comprising sterile solutions, suspensions, emulsions, lyophilized powders, and suppositories, etc., can contain, in addition to the active ingredient or ingredients, the customary water-insoluble excipients and suspending agents, for example, propylene glycols, polyethylene glycols, vegetable fats such as olive oil, and injectable esters.
Suppositories can contain the customary excipients, for example witepsol, macrogol, tween 61, cacao fat, laurin fat, glycerol, or gelatin, etc.
In general, it has proved advantageous in human medicine to administer the active ingredient or ingredients according to the present invention in total amounts of about 0.01 to about 1000, preferably 0.1 to 500 mg/day based on adults with 70 Kg of body weight, if appropriate in the form of several individual doses, to achieve the desired results. However, it may be necessary to deviate from the dosages mentioned, and in particular to do so as a function of the nature and body weight o£ the object to be treated, the nature and severity of the disease, the nature of the formulation and of the administration of the medicament and the period or interval within which administration takes place.
Thus in some cases it can suffice to manage with less than the abovementioned amount of active ingredient, while in other cases the abovementioned amount of active ingredient must be exceeded. The particular optimum dosage and mode of administration required for the active ingredient can be determined by any expert on the basis of his expert knowledge.
The molecular structure of the compounds according to the present invention was identified by IR spectroscopy, NMR spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, liquid chromatography, X-ray diffraction, optical rotation analysis and elemental analysis.
PREPARATION EXAMPLES
Preparation of Secondary Amines
Including Imidazole Heterocycle
4-Chlorophenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethvlamine
The solution of 2-imidazolecarboxaldehyde (570 mg, 5.9
mmol) and 4-chloroaniline (756 mg, 5.9 mmol) in methanol(5
ml) was stirred at 60 °C for 4 hours, and allowed to cool to room temperature. To the reaction was added NaBH4 (337 mg, 8.9 mmol), and the mixture was additionally stirred for an hour. Water (20 mL) was added to the reaction, which was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL). Organic layer was dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (5% methanol in chloroform) to give the title compound (660 mg, 53%).
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 4.27(s, 3H), 5.40(brs, 1H), 6.54(m, 2H), 6.97(m, 4H).
3-Chlorophenyl-l-g-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 4.30(s, 3H), 6.33-6.47(m, H), 6.63-6.68(m, 1H) , 6.98(m, 3H).
4-Methoxvphenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethvlamine
*H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 3.76(s, 3H) , 4.36(8, 2H), 6.66-6.68(m, 4H), 6.98(s, 2H).
2-Methoxvphenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine
aH NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) 8 3.84(s, 3H) , 4.47(d, 2H, J=4.6 Hz), 4.81(brs, 1H), e'.52(dd, 1H, J=8, 1.6 Hz), 6.67-6.86(m, 3H), 6.98(s, 2H) .
4-Trif luoromethoxyphenyl-lH-imida2ol-2-ylinethvlamine
^ NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 4.36(8, 2H) , 6.50(dd, 2H, J=6.8, 2.2 Hz), 6.96-7.26(m, 4H).
2-Trif luoromethQxvphenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylaiaine
XH NMR (200 MHz, CDCl3) 8 4.47(d, 2H, J=5.6 Hz),
4.72(brs, 1H), 6.61-6.75(m, 2H), 7.00(s, 2H), 7.02-7.17(m, 2H) .
4-Trifluoromethvlphenyl-lF-imidazol-2-ylmethvlamine
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) 8 4.31(d, 2H, J=5.2 Hz), 6.36(brs, 1H), 6.68(d, 2H, J=8.8 Hz), 6.87(s, 2H), 7.26(d, 2H, J=8.6 Hz).
2-Trifluoromethvlphenyl-lH-imida2ol-2-ylmethvlamine
*H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) 8 4.39(d, 2H, J=5.4 Hz), 5.92(brs, 1H), 6 . 68-7.00(m, 4H), 7.35-7.45(m, 2H).
4-Methylphenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine
XH NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 2.18(s, 3H) , 4.30(s, 2H), 6.56(d, 2H, J=8.4 Hz), 6.88-6.96(m, 4H).
4-Fluorophenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylaiaine
XH NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) 6 4.31(s, 2H) , 6.45-6.61(m, 2H), 6.71-6.95(m, 4H).
4-Bromophenyl-lg-imidazol-2-ylmethvlamine
^ NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) 8 4.26(S, 2H), 6.52(brs, 1H), 6.53-6.58(m, 2H), 6.87-6.89(m, 2H), 7 .10-7.16(m, 2H) .
2-Isopropvlphenyl-1H-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine
1E NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) 8 1.23-1.27(m, 6H), 4.36(brs,
1H), 4.47(s, 2H), 6.54-6.59(m, 1H), 6.76-6.84(m, 1H), 6.99-7.28(m, 4H).
2,6-Dimethvlphenyl-lH-imida2ol-2-ylmethvlamine
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 2.18(S, 6H) , 4.19(s, 2H) , 6.82-6.99(m, 5H).
2,3-Dimethvlphenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 2.07(S, 3H) , 2.24(s, 3H), 4.38(s, 2H), 4.56(brs, 1H), 6.46-6.56(m, 2H), 6.87-6.95(m, 3H).
2,4, 6-Trimethylphenyl-lg-iniidazol-2-vlinethvlamine
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 2.16-2.27 (m, 9H), 4.19(s, 2H), 6.82(s, 2H), 7.00(s, 2H).
4-Et.hoxvcarbonylphenyl-lE-imid.a2ol-2-ylmet.hvlamine
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.28(t, 3H) , 4.20(q, 2H) , 4.33(d, 2H, J=5.2 .Hz), 6.54-6.63(m, 2H), 6.88(s, 2H) ,
7.68(d, 2H, J=8.6 Hz).
lH-imidazol-2-ylmethvlbenzylamine
1E NMR (200 MHZ, CDC13) δ 3.71-3.83 (m, 4H), 6.90-
6.97(m, 2H), 7.03-7.24(m, 5H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4--[N-(4-chlorophenyl) -N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino ] -2H-1-benzopyran
To the solution of the epoxide compound, (2S,3S,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (437 mg, 1.55 mmol) in acetonitrile (2 inL) was added anhydrous CoCl2 (202 mg, 1.55 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 10 h, then a saturated aqueous solution of NaHCOa (5 mL) was added to the mixture, which was extracted with ethyl acetate (30 mL). The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over anhydrous NaaSQu, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (hexane:ethyl acetate = 2:1) to yield the title compound (304 mg, 40%).
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.49(s, 3H), 3.60(s, 3H),
3.63(s, 3H), 4.32(m,l H) , 4.57(s, 1H), 5.14(br s, 1H) ,
6.75(br s, 2H) , 6.97(m, 4H), 7.27(m, 2H) , 7.93(s, 1H) ,
8.08(d, 1H).
Preparation of (2S,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-
chlofophenyl) -N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H-1-benzopyran
The title compound (76mg, 34%) was prepared using (2S,3R,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (129 mg, 0.46 mmol) and 4-chlorophenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (95 mg, 0.46 mmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.66(s, 3H), 3.60(s, 3H) , 3.69(s, 3H), 3.87(br s, IK), 4.13(m, 1H) , 4.29(d, 1H), 4.43(d, 1H), 4.64(s, IE), 5.64(d, 1H) , 6.83(d, 2H) , 6.95(m, 4H), 7.15(d, 2H), 7.86(s, 1H) , 8.06(m, 2H), 8.41(s, 1H) .
Preparation of (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-(lH-imidazol-2-yImethyl)amino]-2E-l-benzopyran
The title compound (76 mg, 34%) was prepared using (2R,3R,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (129 mg, 0.46 mmol) and 4-chlorophenyl-lfl-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (95 mg, 0.46 mmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.49(S, 3H) , 3.60(s, 3H),
4.32(m, 1H), 4.57(s, 1H), 5.14(br s, 1H), 6.75(br s, 2H), 6.97(m, 4H), 7.27(m, 2H), 7.93(8, 1H), 8.08(d, 1H)
Preparation of (2R,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-1-benzopyran
The title compound (269 ing, 63%) was prepared using (2R,3S,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (129 mg, 0.46 mmol) and 4-chlorophenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (183 mg, 0.88 rnmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.66(s, 3H), 3.60(8, 3H), 3.69(s, 3H), 3.87(br s, 1H), 4.13(m, 1H), 4.29(d, 1H), 4.43(d, 1H), 4.64(8, 1H), 5.64(d, 1H), 6.83(d, 2H), 6.95(m, 4H), 7.15(d, 2H), 7.86(s, 1H), 8.06(m, 2H), 8.41(s, 1H) .
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-
dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N-(4-
trifluoromethylphenyl)-N-(lH-imidazol-2-yImethyl)amino]-2H-
1-benzopyran
The title compound (146 mg, 22%) was prepared using (2S,3S,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-
methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (356 mg, 1.26 mmol) and 4-trifluoromethylphenyl-lH-imidazol--2-ylmethylamine (305 mg, 1.26 mmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example .1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.51(8, 3H), 3.60(s, 3H), 3.61(sr 3H), 4.32(m, 3H), 4.57(s, 1H), 5.14(br s, 1H) , 6.85(m, 2H), 6.95(m, 4H) , 7.38(d, 2H), 7.91(s, 1H), 8.05(dd, 2H), 8.42(m, 1H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-methoxyphenyl)-N- (lfl-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-1-benzopyran
The title compound (280 mg, 28%) was prepared using
(2S,3S,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (591 mg, "2.10 mmol) and 4-
methoxyphenyl-l.ff-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (427 mg, 2.10
mmol), according to the same procedure used for the
preparation of example 1 above.
aH NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.47(s, 3H), 3.59(d, 6H) ,
3.68(s, 3H), 4.30(m, 2H), 4.54(m, 2H), 5.02(d, 1H), 6.67-
6.78(ra, 4H), 6.89-7.26(m, 3H), 8.04(m, 2H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-
dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-
trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-
N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino]-2tf-l-benzopyran
The title compound (181 mg, 47%) was prepared using (2S,3S,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (200 mg, 0.71 mmol) and 4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl-1H-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (183 mg, 0.71 mmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR '(200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.50(s, 3H) , 3.60(d, 6H) , 4.2-4.50(m, 2H), 4.58-5.65(m, 2H), 5.18(s, 1H), 6.91-6.95(m, 7H), 8.00(s, 1H), 8.05(dd, 1H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-bromophenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2E-1-benzopyran
The title compound (310 mg, 41%) was prepared using (2S,3S,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (400 mg, 1.42 mmol) and 4-bromophenyl-lH-imidazol-2~ylmethylamine (359 mg, 1.42 mmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDCl3) δ 1.48(s, 3H), 3.61(d, 6H),
4.10-4.19(m, 2H), 4.20-4.40(m, 2H), 5.13(s, 1H) , 6.70-7.01(m, 6H), 7.21(s, 1H), 7.94(s, 1H), 8.06(dd, 1H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4- [ N- (2,4-dimethylphenyl) -N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino]-2H-1-benzopyran
The title compound (231 mg, 33%) was prepared using
(2S,3S,4S)-3, 4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (400 mg, 1.42 mmol) and 2,4-
dimethylphenyl-1H-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (287 mg, 1.42
mmol), according to the same procedure used for the
preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.39(s, 3H) , 2.19(S, 3H),
2.47(s, 3H), 3.59(d, 6H), 4.15-4.82(m, 5H) , 6.80-6.89(m, 5H), 7.58(d, "lH), 7 .94-7. 99 (dd, 1H), 8.62(m, 1H) .
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(2-isopropylphenyl)-N-( lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (140 mg, 20%) was prepared using (2S, 3S , 4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (400 mg, 1.42 mmol) and 2-
isopropylphenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (306 mg, 1.42 mmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.22-1.29 (m, 10H), 3.60(d,
6H), 4.07-4.63(m, 5H), 6.79-7.35(m, 6H), 7.78(m, 1H) ,
7.99(dd, 1H), 8.61(m, 1H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro~2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)-N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (253 mg, 37%) was prepared using (2S,3S,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (400 mg, 1.42 mmol) and 2,3-dimethylphenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (287 mg, 1.42 mmol) , according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.39(s, 3H) , 2.17(s, 3H) , 2.41(s, 3H), 3.61(d, 6H), 4.26-4.74(m, 5H) , 6.76-6.95(m, 4H), 6.98(m, 1H) , 7.58(d, 1H), 7.95(dd, 1H), 8.63(d, 1H).
Preparation of (2R,3R,4S)-3,4~dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4- [ N- (2 , 3-dimethylphenyl) -N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino ] -2H-1-
benzopyran
The title compound {416 mg, 49%) was prepared using (2R, 3R,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (500 mg, 1.77 nunol) and 2,3-dimethylphenyl-lfl-imidazol-2-ylmethylainine (358 mg, 1.77 mmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.39(s, 3H), 2.17(s, 3H), 2.41(s, 3H), 3.61(d, 6H), 4.26-4.74(m, 5H) , 6.76-6.95(m, 4H), 6.98(m, 1H), 7.58(d, 1H) , 7.95(dd, 1H), 8.63(d, 1H).
Preparation of (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro~4-[N-(4-bromophenyl) -N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino ] -2H-1-benzopyran
The title compound (570 mg, 60%) was prepared using (2R,3R,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (500 mg, 1.78 mmol) and 4-bromophenyl-1H-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (450 mg, 1.78 mmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.48(s, 3H), 3.61(d, 6H) , 4.10-4.19(m, 2H), 4.20-4.40(m, 2H), 5.13(s, 1H), 6.70-7.01(m, 6H), 7.21(s, 1H), 7.94(s, 1H), 8.06(dd, 1H).
preparation of (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[ N- (4-methoxyphenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-1-benzopyran
The title compound (446 mg, 86%) was prepared using (2R,3R,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl~3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (300 mg, 1.06 mmol) and 4-methoxyphenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (216 mg, 1.06 mmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.47(s, 3H), 3.59(d, 6H) ,
3.68(s, 3H), 4,30(m, 2H) , 4.54(m, 2H), 5.02(d, 1H), 6.67-6.78(m, 4H), 6.89-7.26(m, 3H), 8.04(m, 2H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-fluorophenyl)-N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-1-benzopyran
The title compound (650 mg, 48%) was prepared using (2S,3S,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (800 mg, 2.84 mmol) and 4-fluorophenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (380 mg, 2.0 mmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of
example l above.
1E NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.49(s, 3H), 3.60(d, 6H),
4.30(m, 2H), 4.60(m, 2H) , 5.05(m, 1H), 6.76-6.97(m, 7H),
7.95(s, 1H), 8.03(dd, IE).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(2-methoxyphenyl)-N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (500 mg, 58%) was prepared using (2S,3S,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (500 mg, 1.78 mmol) and 2-methoxyphenyl-1H-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (253 mg, 1.25 mmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.38(s, 3H), 3.60(d, 6H), 3.91(5, 3H), 3.97(m, 1H), 4.74(d, 1H), 4.60-4.84(m, 3H) , 6.80-7.03(m, 6H), 7.58(m, 1H), 7.99(dd, 1H), 8.86(m, 1H).
Preparation of (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[]N-(2-isopropylphenyl)-N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (72 mg, 42%) Vas prepared using
(2R,3R,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (100 mg, 0.35 mmol) and 2-isopropylphenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (75 mg, 0.35 mrnol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
% NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.22-1.29(m, 10H) , 3.60(d, 6H), 4.07-4.63(m, 5H), 6.79-7.35(m, 6H), 7.78(m, 1H), 7.99(dd, 1H), 8.61(m, 1H).
Preparation of (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(2-methoxyphenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-1-benzopyran
The title compound (580 mg, 67%) was prepared using
(2R,3R,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2~ methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (500 mg, 1.78 mmol) and 2-methoxyphenyl-lF-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (231 mg, 1.78 mmol) , according to the same procedure used for the
preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.38(8, 3H) , 3.60(d, 6H) ,
3.91(s, 3H), 3.97(m, 1H), 4.74(d, 1H), 4.60-4.84(m, 3H),
6.80-7.03(m, 6H), 7.58(m, 1H), 7.99(dd, 1H), 8.86(m, 1H).
Preparation of (2R, 3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-
dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(3-chloropheny 1) -N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino]-2 H-1- ' benzopyran
The title compound (337 mg, 39%) was prepared using (2R,3R,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (500 mg, 1.77 mmol) and 3-chloroxyphenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (366 mg, 1.77 mmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.51(s, 3H) , 3.61(d, 6H) , 4.20-4.57(m, 2H), 4.57-4.59(m, 2H), 5.17(s, 1H), 6.69-6.73(m, 3H), 6.94-7.01(m, 4H), 7.89(mf 1H), 8.04(dd, 1H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(3- • chlorophenyl) -N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H-1-benzopyran
The title compound (280 mg, 35%) was prepared using (2S,3S,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (450 mg, 1.6 mmol) and 3-chloroxyphenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (232 mg, 1.1 mmol), according to the .same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.51(s, 3H) , 3.61(d, 6H) ,
4.20-4.57(111, 2H), 4.57-4.59(m, 2H), 5.17(s, 1H) , 6:69-6.73(m, 3H), 6.94-7.01(m, 4H), 7.89(m, 1H), 8.04(dd, 1H).
Preparation of (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-
dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4- [ N- (4-
trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-
N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (155 mg, 40%) was prepared using (2R, 3R,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-2H-l-benzopyran (200 mg, 0.71 mmol) and 4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl-lH-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine" (183 mg, 0.71 mmol), according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.49(s, 3H), 3.60(d, 6H) , 4.20-4.50(m, 2H) , 4.58-5.65(m, 2H), 5.18(s, 1H), 6.91-6.95(m, 7H), 7.99(s, 1H), 8.04(dd, 1H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-6-cyano-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (106 mg, 28%) was prepared using ( 2S, 3S,4S)-6-cyano-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethy1-3,4-epoxy-2-methyl-2H-l-benzopyran (210 mg, 0.8 mmol) and 4-chlorophenyl-lF-imidazol-2-ylmethylamine (167 mg, 0.8 mmol),
according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 1 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.47(3, 3H), 3.58(s, 3H) , 3.62(s, 3H), 4.35(m, 1H) , 4.57(s, 1H), 5.16(br s, 1H), 6.81-6.93(m, 3H), 7.17(d, 1H), 7.38(s, 1H), 7.51(dd, 1H).
Preparation of (2R,3R,4S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2~dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
To the solution of the nitro compound (521 mg, 1.07 mmol) prepared from example 3 in methanol (3 mL) was added 10% Pd/C. The mixture was hydrogenated at room temperature under 3 atmosphere pressure of Ha for 12 hours, and filtered through a pad of Celite. The filtrate was concentrated, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (5% methanol in dichloromethane) to afford the title compound (368 mg, 75%).
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.42(s, 3H) , 3.61(s, 6H), 4.27(m, 2H), 4.42(s, 1H), 4.52(d, 1H), 5.24(m, 1H), 6.29(s, 1H), 6.58(d, 2H), 6.70(d, 2H), 6.98(m, 3H), 7.41(m, 2H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2~methyl-4-[N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
To the solution of the nitro compound (177 mg, 0.36 mmol) prepared from example 1 in methanol (2 mL) was added a 0.4 M aqueous solution of Cu(OAc)2 (0.38 mL, 0.15 mmol), then slowly added sodium borohydride (113 mg, 3.0 mmol) over 30 rain. The reaction mixture was stirred for an hour at room temperature, and ethyl acetate (5 mL) was added to the reaction. The black precipitates were removed by filtration, then to the filtrate was added a saturated aqueous solution of NaHCO3 (5 mL). The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (30 mL), and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated • under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (n-hexane:ethyl acetate = 1:4) to afford the title compound (58 mg, 35%).
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ l/42(s, 3H), 3.61(s, 6H) , 4.27(m, 2H), 4.52(d, 1H), 4.42(s, 1H), 5.24(m, 1H), 6.29(s, 1H), 6.58(d, 2H), 6.70(d, 2H), 6.98(m, 3H), 7.41(m, 2H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-
2-dimethoxymethy1-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-
trifluoromethylphenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-
1-benzopyran
The title compound (34 mg, 57%) was prepared using the
nitro compound (65 mg, 0.12 mmol) obtained from example 5, according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 24 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.38(s, 3H) , 3.60(S, 3H) ,
4.06-4.85(m, 3H), 4.41(s, 1H), 5.06(br s, 2H), 6.31(s, 1H),
6.57(d, 2H), 6.80-7.18(m, 7H).
Preparation of (2R,3R,4S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-
2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-
trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-
N-( lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (23 mg, 24%) was prepared using the nitro compound (100 mg, 0.19 mmol) obtained from example 21,
according to the same procedure used for the preparation of
example 23 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz," CDC13) δ 1.50(s, 3H), 3.60(d, 6H) ,
4.20-4.50(m, 2H) , 4.59(s, 2H) , 5.18(s, 1H) , 6.30(s, 1H) ,
6.60(dd, 2H), 6.70-6.96(m, 6H).
Preparation of (2R,3Rr4S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (19 mg, 15%) was prepared using the
nitro compound (135 mg, 0.28 mmol) obtained from example.12, according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 23 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.29(s, 3H), 2.27(s, 3H), 2.43(s, 3H), 3.60(8, 6H), 4.41-4.63(m, 5H), 6.57(dd, 1H) , 6.70-7.19(01, 6H), 7.40(d, 1H) .
Preparation of (2R,3R,4S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-methoxyphenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-1-benzopyran
The title compound (21 mg, 23%) was prepared using the nitro compound (100 mg, 0.21 mmol) obtained from example 14,
according to the same procedure used for the preparation of
example 23 above.
% NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.36(s, 3H), 3.60(d, 6H) ,
3.64(s, 3H), 4.20-4.60(m, 3H), 4.45(s, 1H), 4.70-4.90(m,
2H), 6.50(m, 1H), 6.70(dd, 1H), 6.80-7.00(m, 6H), 7.40(d,
1H).
Preparation of (2R,3R,4S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-bromophenyl)-N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (50 mg, 53%) was prepared using the
nitro compound (100 mg, 0.19 mmol) obtained from example 13, according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 23 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.48(s, 3H) , 3.61(dr 6H),
4.10-4.19(111, 2H), 4.22(s, 2H), 5.13(s, 1H) , 6.33-7.15(m,
9H) .
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(2, 3-dimethylphenyl)-N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (35 mg, 54%) was prepared using the nitro compound (70 mg, 0.14 mmol) obtained from example 11, according to the same procedure used for the preparation of
example 23 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.29(s, 3H) , 2.21(3, 3H),
2.43(s, 3H), 3.60(s, 6H), 4.41-4.63(m, 5H), 6.57(dd, 1H) ,
6.70-7.19(m, 6H), 7.40(d, 1H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-6~amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(2-methoxyphenyl) -N-( lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (74 mg, 66%) was prepared using the
nit.ro compound (80 mg, 0.16 mmol) obtained from example 16, according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 23 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.30(s, 3H) , 3.60(d, 6H) , 3.80(s, 3H), 4.10-4.30(m, 2H), 4.45(s, 1H) , 4.70-4.90(m, 2H), 6.50(dd, 1H), 6.70-7.00(m, 7H), 7.40(d, 1H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-methoxypheny1)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2 H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (74 mg, 77%) was prepared using the nitro compound (103 mg, 0.21 mmol) obtained from example 6, according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 23 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.36(3, 3H), 3.60(d, 6H),
3.64(s, 3H), 4.20-4.60(m, 3H), 4.45(s, 1H), 4.70-4.90(m, 2H), 6.50(m, 1H) , 6.70(dd, 1H) , 6.80-7.00(m, 6H) , 7.40(d, 1H) .
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-I-benzopyran
The title compound (54 mg, 67%) was prepared using the nitro compound (86 mg, 0.18 mmol) obtained from example 9, according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 23 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.26(s, 3H), 2.20(s, 3H), 2.43(s, 3H), 3.58(s, 6H), 4.36-4.54(m, 3H), 4.60(m, 2H), 6.56(dd, 1H), 6.70(dd, 1H), 6.80-7.15(mf 6H), 7.36(d, 1H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2 -dime thoxymethy 1-3-hy droxy-2 -methy 1-4 - {N- (2 -isopropylphenyl) -N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H-1-benzopyran
The title compound (30 mg, 73%) was prepared using the nitro compound (45 mg, 0.09 mmol) obtained from example 10, according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 23 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.22-1.29(m, 9H), 3.60(d, 6H) , 4.10-4.62(m, 5H), 6.50-6.77(m, 2H), 6.85-7.30(m, 6H), 7.60(m, 1H).
Preparation of ( 2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-
2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4- [ N- (4-
trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-
N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (34 mg> 72%) was prepared using the nitro compound (50 mg, 0.10 mmol) obtained from example 7, according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 2 3 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.50{s, 3H) , 3.60(d, 6H), 4.20-4.50(m, 2H), 4.59(s, 2H) , 5.18(8, 1H), 6.30(s, 1H), 6.60(dd, 2H), 6.70-6.96(m, 6H).
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-bromophenyl)-N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (41 mgf 88%) was prepared using the nitro compound (50 mg, 0.10 mmol) obtained from example 8, according to the same procedure used for the preparation of example 23 above.
1H NMR (200 MH2, CDC13) δ 1.48(s, 3H), 3.61(d, 6H), 4.10-4.19(m, 2H), 4.22(s, 2H), 5.13(s, 1H), 6.33-7.15(m, 9H) .
Preparation of (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-fluorophenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran
The title compound (44 mg, 95%) was prepared using the nitro compound (50 mg, 0.10 mmol) obtained from example 15, according to the same procedure used for the preparation of
example 23 above.
1H NMR (200 MHz, CDC13) δ 1.49(s, 3H) , 3.60(d, 6H) ,
4.30(m, 4H), 4.98(s, 1H), 6.33(s, 1H), 6.55(dd, 2H), 6.60-
6.92(111, 6H).
EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLES
The following experiments were made on the compounds of the formula 1 to investigate their pharmacological actions.
EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 1> Inhibitory effects on HUVEC Tube Formation
The Inhibitory effects of the compounds of the formula 1 on angiogenesis were meassured by the vascular tube formation assay of HUVECs (Human umbilical vein endothelial cells), which is one of the major angiogenic steps.
HUVECs were isolated from human umbilical vein, and cultured. HUVECs within passage 5 from confluent cultures were detached, and plated onto a layer of a bFGF (basic fibroblast growth factor)-reduced and polymerized Matrigel. Matrigel cultures were incubated with or without the compounds of formula 1, and the changes of cell morphology were captured through a phase contrast microscope and photographed.
The effects on tube formation of the test compounds were compared with the vehicle treated controls, then confirmed their in vitro anti-angiogenic effect indirectly. The results are given in table 1.
TABLE 1 Inhibitory Effects on HUVEC Tube Formation
(Table Removed)
-; no inhibition, +/-; week inhibition,
+; moderate inhibition, ++; strong inhibition +++; complete inhibition
As seen in table 1, the compound of example 2 showed potent inhibitory effects on HUVEC tube formation in a dose-dependent manner with strong inhibition at 10 uM, and
complete inhibition at 100 uM. The compounds of example 3, 5, and 10 strongly inhibited HUVEC tube formation at 50 uM, and in particular, the compound of example 23 didn't show any tube like structures at 50 uM. The compounds of the present invention demonstrated antiangiogenic actions by inhibiting vascular tube formation, one' of major angiogenic steps.
With such an excellent suppressive activity against angiogenesisf the compounds of the present invention can be usefully applied for the treatment of various diseases induced by angiogenesis, such as cancers, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetic retinopathy, psoriasis, and AIDS complications, etc.
EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 2> In vivo Mouse Matrigel Plug Assay
Antiangiogenic activities in vivo of the compounds of the formula 1 were determined by mouse matrigel plug assay. The mixture of Matrigel, heparin (30 units), and bFGF (25 ng) were injected subcutaneously into C57BL/6 mice. The test compounds were injected subcutaneously at 2.2 mg/mL with matrigel, or administrated orally at 2 mg/day (twice a day, each 1 mg) during 4 days (total 8 mg/mouse). After 4-7 days, the skin of the mouse was pulled back, and matrigel plug was excised. The hemoglobin contents inside the
Matrigel plugs were measured using the Drabkin method and Drabkin reagent (kit 525, Sigma) for the quantitation of blood vessel formation. The results are given in table 2.
Table 2. In vivo mouse matrigel plug assay
(Table Removed)
As shown in table 2, the compound of example 1 markedly inhibited the hemoglobin quantity to 79%, or 94% each, by subcutaneous injection (2.2 mg/mL) or oral administration (8.8 ing/mouse), which demonstrated the antiangiogenic activity in vivo.
With such an excellent suppressive in vivo activity 'against angiogenesis, the compounds of the present invention can be usefully applied for the treatment of various diseases induced by angiogenesis, such as cancers, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetic retinopathy, psoriasis, and AIDS complications, etc.
EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 3> CAM (chorioallatonic membrane) Assay
Chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assays were
performed to measure the inhibitory effects on angiogenesis in vivo of the compounds of the formula 1.
Fertilized chick eggs were incubated under constant humidified (90%) egg breeder at 37oC. On the third day of incubation, about 2 mL of egg albumin was aspirated by an 18-gauge hypodermic needle through the small hole drilled at the narrow end of the eggs, to detach the developing CAM from the shell. And the shell covering the air sac was punched out and removed by forcep, and the shell membrane on the floor of the air sac was peeled away. After more incubation of two more days, sample-loaded thermanox coverslips were air-dried .and applied to the CAM surface to test the angiogenic inhibition by the test compounds. Three days later, 1 to 2 mL of 10% fat emulsion (Intralipose) was • injected into the chorioallantoic and observed avascular zone under a dissecting microscope. The negative control was implanted only thermanox coverslip, while the positive control was treated with retinoic acid (lµg/egg). The response that CAM showed similar avascular zone to that treated with retinoic acid was scored as positive, and the percentage of positive eggs to total numbers of eggs tested was calculated (%). Independent experiment was repeated three times and at least more than 20 eggs in each experiment were used.
Table 3. Anti-angiogenic activity in CAM assay
(Table Removed)
The negative control implanted only thermanox coverslip formed new branches from the existing vessels, demonstrating normal vascular development similar to that observed with untreated CAM. The positive control treated with retinoic acid significantly inhibited microvessel
formation, especially larger vessels formation. The
compound of example 1 showed 62% and 84% inhibition at the concentration of 0.5 µg/egg, and 1.5 µg/egg, each. The positive responses by the compound of example 1 was significant, and the inhibitory effect on chicken embryonic angiogenesis was dose-dependent.
With such an excellent anti-angiogenic activities on in vivo CAM assay, the compounds of the present invention can be usefully applied for the treatment of various diseases induced by angiogenesis, such as cancers, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetic retinopathy, psoriasis, and AIDS complications, etc.
EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 4> Human Tumor Xenografts in nude
mice
Human tumor xenograft experiments were performed to evaluate whether the compounds of the formula 1 inhibit growth of human tumors implanted in nude mice.
Nude mice (BALB/c nu/nu, male) were purchased from CharIs River Japan, Inc., and housed and treated under SPF (Special Pathogen Free) facilities according to the regulation of NIH (national institutes of health). A549 cells isolated from human non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were purchased from ATCC (American tissue cancer collection, USA), and maintained as an exponentially growing monolayer in Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology.• Effects of the compounds of present invention on implanted tumor growth were measured by the comparison of tumor sizes, in addition, the changes of body weights and survival % of nude mice were observed.
(1) Inhibition on A549 NSCLC growth
Nude mice had been adjusted to the laboratory for 2-3 weeks after purchase, and all procedures were performed on male mice of 8 weeks of age, within a weight range of 18-20
g-
A549 tumor xenografts were established in the right flank of mice by subcutaneous injection of cells in 3 x 3 x
3 mm3 size of culture. 24 hours after cell implantation, the administration of the compounds was started and which day is defined as day 1. Nude mice were injected intraperitoneally with the compound of example 23 (50 mg/kg) or vehicle (PBS containing 0.5% tween 80) once daily from day 1 to day 20. Tumor volume (V) was assessed by caliper measurement using the mathematical formula 1, where a was the longest diameter across the tumor and b was the corresponding perpendicular short diameter.
[Mathematical Formula 1]
Volume (mm3) = a x b2 /2
Inhibition (%) was calculated as (l-(VT)n/-(Vc)n)xlOO, where (VT)n and (Vc)n were the mean tumor volume of treated and control group at n days after administration of the compound. Each group consisted of 8 mice, and statistical significance was represented as student-T test (* p Table 4. Inhibition of the compounds on A549 NSCLC growth in nude mice xenografts
(Table Removed)
As represented in table 4, the compound of example 23 significantly inhibited A549 NSCLC growth from 45 days to 61 days after implantation by 50-52%. With such an excellent anti-cancer activity in vivo human tumor xenografts experiment as well as anti-angiogenic properties, the compounds of the present invention can be usefully applied as anti-cancer agents.
(2) Effects on Changes of Body Weights
The effects of the compounds of the formula 1 on changes of body weights were determined. Body weights of nude mice were measured using AND balance at 5 day intervals starting from the date of administration of compounds, and represented as a mean value of treated group (Wc) and control group (WT) , respectively.
Table 5. Effects of the compounds of formula 1 on changes of body weight in nude mice implanted A549
(Table Removed)
As shown in table 5, retardation or loss of body weight gain was not observed by the treatment of the compound of example 23, then the compounds of present invention cab be used as anti-cancer agents without side effects of retardation or loss of weight gain.
(3) Effects on survival percents of mice Survival percents of mice were measured to determine the toxicity by administration of the compounds of the formula 1, and to demonstrate the survival rate of A549 implanted mice as time passed. Survival percents were represented using following mathematical formula 2, where NO is the number of mice at the first day of administration, and Nn is the number of mice at n days after administration. [Mathematical formula 2] Survival % = Nn/N0 x 100
Table 6. Effects on survival % of the compounds in A549 implanted mice
(Table Removed)
As seen in table 6, the compound of example 23 showed 100% of survival rate, which demonstrates the significantly reduced side effects and toxicities compared to the traditional cytotoxic anti-cancer agents. As described above the compounds of present invention show the excellent inhibition on tumor growth with significantly reduced toxicities, therefore the compounds of present invention can be usefully applied as anti-cancer agents.
EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 5> Protective Activities against Iron-Induced Neuronal Damage
In order to examine whether the compounds of the formula 1 suppress the iron-induced neuronal damage and death, experiments were conducted as follows.
From the brains of 17-18 day-old rat embryos, cerebral
cortical neurons were isolated and then, cultured at 37°C
for 7-9 days in a 5% CO2 incubator. The cortical cell
cultures were washed twice with a minimum essential medium
(MEM) to reduce the serum concentration to 0.2 % and pre-
treated with test compounds at 30, 7.5, 1.875, and 0.469 \M of final concentrations, each for 30 min. The test compounds were dissolved in DMSO and diluted in a medium. At this time, the final concentration of DMSO was not allowed to exceed 0.2 %. For a control group, only vehicle was applied.
After the pre-treatment with test compounds or vehicle, FeS04 was added to a final concentration of 50 \M, and the cultures were maintained for 24 hours in a CO2 incubator. During incubation, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was released into the medium upon neuronal death by the oxidative toxicity of iron. The extent of neuronal damage was assessed by measuring the amount of LDH released into the media. The protective effect of the compounds of interest on neurons was evaluated by calculating the reduction rate of released LDH of treated group compared with that of the control group, and IC50 was calculated as the least linear regression analysis of dose-response curve. The results are given in Table 7, below.
TABLE 7 Protective Effect of Compounds of Formula 1 on Neurons
(Table Removed)
As seen in Table 7, the compound of example 2 showed 92 % of inhibition on LDH release with the IC50 of 6.2 µM, which demonstrates that the compound has very potent protective activity against the iron-included damage to neurons.
Since the compounds of the present invention showed an excellent protective effects on neurons, they can be used as preventive or curative agents for the medical treatment of the neurological disorders caused by the damage or death of neurons, such as cerebral stroke and dementia as well as for the medical treatment of inflammatory diseases such as arthritis, cardiac infarction, and acute/chronic tissue damage.
EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 6> Inhibitory Activity Against iron-induced lipid peroxidation
In order to examine whether the compounds of the formula 1 suppress the iron-induced lipid peroxidation, experiments were conducted as follows.
The rat brain was homogenized in a Krebs buffer (15 mM HEPES, 10 mM glucose, 140 mM NaCl, 3.6 mM KC1, 1.5 mM CaCl2, 1.4 mM KH2PO4, 0.7 mM MgCl2, pH 7.4) and the supernatant
separated by centrifugation at 12,000 rpm for 10 min was used for further experiments. FeCla was added to a final concentration of 400 µM in the brain homogenate which was then allowed to stand at 37°C for 30 min. for the facilitation of oxidation. Each of the test compounds was added at a concentration of 30 µM and vehicle was used as a control.
Iron facilitates the oxidation of the brain homogenate to produce malondialdehyde (MDA), a lipid peroxidation product. Thus, the lipid peroxidation was determined by MDA quantification. The inhibitory effect of the test compounds against the lipid peroxidation was evaluated by calculating MDA reduction rate of the test compounds compared with that of the control group.
Typically, the MDA quantification is achieved by
reacting samples with 2-thiobarbituric acid (TEA) and
measuring the absorbance at 530 nm. However, this method
is unsuitable to treat samples on a large scale because of
a boiling step. Thus, in this experiment, N-methyl-2-
phenylindole was used instead of TEA. In this case, one
molecule of MDA reacts with two molecules of N-methyl-2-
phenylindole to form a chromogen which shows a maximal
absorbance at 586 nm and requires no boiling steps.
BioxytechR LPO-586 Kit was used for MDA quantification.
The results are given in Table 8, below.
Table 8. Inhibitory Effect of Compounds of Formula 1 on Lipid Peroxidation by iron

(Table Removed)
As seen in Table 8, the compounds of the present invention suppress the iron-induced lipid peroxidation. In particular, the compounds of Examples 24 and 25 showed very potent inhibitory activity against the iron-induced lipid peroxidation with inhibitory effects of 83% and 97%, respectively at the concentration of 30 µM.
With excellent inhibitory activity against lipid peroxidation, the compounds of the present invention can be used for the prevention and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as cerebral stroke and dementia, inflammatory diseases such as arthritis, cardiac infarction, and acute/chronic tissue damage, which may be caused by the lipid peroxidation and its accumulation in tissues.
EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 7> Vasorelaxation Effects on Isolated Blood Vessels of Rats
The following experiment was conducted to examine whether the compounds of the formula 1 have vasorelaxation
effects.
Male Sprague-Dawly rats (350-450 g, obtained from the Experimental Animal Team of the Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) were knocked unconscious by hitting the occipital region, sacrificed by cervical dislocation, and underwent thoracotomy. After being quickly removed, the thoracic aorta was deprived of the adipose tissue and cut into aortic rings of 3 mm width. The aorta was lightly rubbed with a modified Krebs Henseleit buffer (Physiological Salt Solution, PSS) soaked cotton club to remove the inner epithelial layer therefrom. While being suspended in an organ bath containing a physiological buffer, the vascular tissue was allowed to equilibrate under a resting tension of 2 g and then, stand for 1 hour 'at 37 °C for stabilization with a supply of a carbogen consisting of 95% 02-5% C02.
Thereafter, the vascular tissue was constricted with 10"5 M phenylephrine and washed several times with PSS and this procedure was repeated again to ensure the stable reactivity of vascular smooth muscle to repetitive constriction/dilatation.
In addition, 3x10~6 M methoxamine was used to induce an intensive constriction in the vascular smooth muscle. When the vasoconstriction induced by the methoxamine
reached and maintained a maximum, test compounds and controls were cumulatively added to the organ baths in concentrations of 1, 3, 10 and 30 [AM so as to induce vasodilatation. Cromakalim, BMS-180448, and BMS-191095 were used as the controls.
Following the addition of test compounds, the change in the maximal constriction induced by methoxamine was calculated to plot a concentration-relaxation response curve. Through a linear regression analysis, IC50, the drug concentration at which the vascular tissue is 50% dilated, was obtained for each compound. The results are given in Table 9, below.
Table 9. Vasorelaxation effects of the Compounds of formula 1 on Methoxamine Induced Vasoconstriction

(Table Removed)
Cromakalim showed a potent Vasorelaxation effect with 0.067 µM of IC50 on the isolated rat aorta constricted with methoxamine (3 µM) , while IC50 of BMS-180448 and BMS-191095 were 1.38, and 2.14 µM respectively, showing vasodrelaxation potencies twenty times and thirty times as
weak as Cromakalim. On the other hand, the compound of example 1 represented 9.83 µM of IC50, so that its vasorelaxation effect was significantly weaker than the controls, Cromakalim, BMS-180448, and BMS-191095.
When exerting their actions on the KATP present in the heart, the compounds according to the present invention play a role in protecting the heart. On the other hand, the KATP openers acting on the KATP present in peripheral vascular smooth muscle dilate the blood vessels, lowering the blood pressure. Hypotension may mask any cardioprotective effects due to reduction in coronary artery perfusion pressure, and would limit utility in treating myocardial ischemia. Therefore, the compounds of the present invention may be more optimal for cardioprotectives by virtue of their weak vasodilatation activity.
As illustrated above, the compounds of the present invention are so low in the vasorelaxant potencies that they are improved in the selectivity for heart protective function.
Cardioprotective Activity in Isolated Ischemic. Heart Models of Rats
In order to determine whether the compounds of the
chemical formula 1 are protective for ischemia hearts in vitro, experiments determining the anti-ischemic effects of the compounds on isolated rat hearts were conducted as follows.
For all in vitro studies, isolated rat hearts were used according to the published methods after some modification [HJ Ring, Arzneim. -Forsch. /Drug Res. 39 (II), 1535 (1989): T. Krzeminski, et al., J. Pharmacological Methods, 25, 95, (1991)]
Male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 300-450 g were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital (100 mg/kg, i.p.). The tail vein was injected with heparin (1,000 U/kg) and then the trachea was intubated. While rats were mechanically ventilated with a rodent ventilator (Model 7025, Ugobasile, Italy), their hearts were perfused in situ - with oxygenated modified Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate buffer (described herein) by retrograde aortic cannulation. The hearts were then excised and moved to a Langendorff apparatus (H.S.E., Germany), where they were perfused with oxygenated modified Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate buffer containing (in mM) NaCl 116, NaHC03 24.9, KCl 4.7, MgS04 1.1, KH2PO4 1.17, CaCl2 2.52, glucose 8.32 and pyruvate 2.0 at a constant perfusion pressure (85 mm Hg) . A latex balloon filled with solvent (ethanol: water=l:l (v/v)) and
attached to a metal cannula was placed in the left ventricle through pulmonary vein and connected to a Isotec pressure transducer (H.S.E.,- Germany) for measurement of left ventricular pressure (LVP). The hearts were allowed to equilibrate for 15 min, at which time left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (EDP) was adjusted to 5 mm Hg and this balloon volume was maintained throughout the experiment. Then, baseline contractile function, heart rate (HR), and coronary flow (CF) (extracorporeal electromagnetic flow probe, Narco Bio-System, U.S.A.) were measured. Cardiac contractile function was calculated by subtracting LVEDP from LV peak systolic pressure (LVSP), yielding developed pressure (LVDP). Double product (DP), another important parameter for assessing cardiac performance, was calculated by multiplying HR by LVDP. Throughout the experiment, all these parameters were measured, and calculated before and 10 min after pretreatment with each compound and 30 min after the onset of reperfusion with buffer. Data on reperfusion DP were further expressed as the percentage to pretreatment DP.
After stabilization for 15 min, the hearts were pretreated for 10 min with respective drugs (10 [AM, 0.04% DMSO) or vehicle (0.04% DMSO) before onset of global ischemia; test agents were administered directly into the
oxygenator of the Langendorff apparatus immediately above the aortic root in a retrograde fashion as solutions, in the perfusate. We then rendered the hearts globally ischemia by completely shutting off the perfusate for 30 min. Severity of ischemia was determined as the time to contracture (TTC, min) during global ischemia in which the first 5 mmHg increase in EDP was observed. Then, the hearts were reperfused and, 30 min later, contractile function (LVDP, DP) and cumulative reperfusion lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release were measured. LDH was measured as a sensitive index for loss of cell viability with a kit supplied by Boerhinger Mannheim based on the technique of Wroblewski and LaDue [F. Wroblewski and JS. La Due, Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 90, 210, (1955)].
TABLE 10. Crdioprotective Effect of Compounds of Formula 1

(Table Removed)
In vehicle-treated group, reperfusion DP (LVDP x HR) , a index for contractility function, was decreased to 23.0% of pretreatment DP, and EDP was increased to 43.3 mmHg from 5 mmHg, and TTC was 20.3 min, and reperfusion LDH release
was 29.9 U/g as shown in the above table 10. In BMS-190448 treated group, reperfusion contractile function (DP, LVDP x HR) was 67.6% of pretreatraent DP, which was significantly improved compared to vehicle treated group. EDP was 16.5 mmHg, significantly lower than control, and TTC was 27.8 min, prolonged than control, and reperfusion LDH release was 17.2 U/g, decreased than control. Then, in BMS-180448 treated group all parameters showed significant protective effect on ischemia heart. The compound of example 1 showed a good cardioprotective effect similar to BMS-180448, of which contractile function (LVDP x HR) was improved to 55.7% of pretreatment index, and EDP was 24.0 mmHg, and TTC was 28 min, and reperfusion LDH release was 10.7 U/g. However, because the compound of example 1 is 7 times lower vasorelaxant potency (IC50 = 9.83 µM) than BMS-180448 does (IC50 = 1.38 µM) , it is superior to BMS-190448 in cardioselective antiischemic activity, lower vasodilation potency than BMS-180448 (IC50 = 1.38 µM). Consequently, the compounds of the present invention can be used for the treatment of ischemia heart diseases by virtue of their excellent selectivity and protective activity against ischemia cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarction, heart failure, and angina pectoris, etc.
Cardioprotective Activity in Ischemia Heart Models of Rats
In order to determine whether the compounds of formula 1 are protective for ischemic hearts, experiments determining the anti-ischemic effects of the compounds on rats were conducted as follows.
Male rats (350-450 g, obtained from the Experimental Animal Team of the Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology) were anesthetized by the intraperitoneal injection of pentobarbital at a dose of 75 mg/kg. After trachetomy, the rats were rendered to respire artificially at a -rate of 60/min with a stroke volume of 10 ml/kg. Cannulars were inserted into the fermoral vein and the fermoral artery and used for drug administration and blood pressure measurement, respectively.
In the ischemic myocardial injury models, the body temperature has an important influence on the results. To avoid the change in the body temperature, a body temperature measuring probe was inserted into the rectum of each rat and the body temperature was constantly kept at 37 °C with the aid of a homeothermic blanket control unit.
Afterwards, during testing, a continuous measurement was made of the mean arterial blood pressures and heart rates from the rats. For the measurement of the blood
pressure, a pressure transducer (Statham P23XL, Grass Ins.,. MA, U.S.A.) was used. The heart rate was measured by a tachometer (ECG/RATE Coupler, Hugo Sachs Electronic, German) identified as Biotachometer. In addition, all of the changes occurring were continuously recorded through the Gould 2000 chart recorder (Graphtech Linearcorder WR 3310, Hugo Sachs Electronic).
The left coronary artery was occluded according to the Selye H. method as follows. The rats underwent a left thoracotomy operation for partial opening of the chest and the right-side chest was pressurized by the middle finger of the left hand to push the heart out. Immediately after the left anterior descending coronary artery hereinafter referred to as (LAD) was carefully stitched using a suture needle with 5-0 silk ligature, the heart was then repositioned in the thoracic cavity while both ends of the ligature were situated outside. The opposite ligature ends were passed through a PE tube (PE100, 2.5 cm) and allowed to stand loose for 20 min for stabilization. Via the cannula inserted into the femoral vein, vehicles or drugs were administered into the rats which were rendered to stand for 30 min in order to sufficiently elicit the efficacies of the drugs. BMS-180448 was used as a control drug and the i.v. administration dose was 0.3 mg/kg for all
test drugs of interest and the control drug.
Next, the PE tube which had the doubled strands of the ligature passed therethrough was pushed toward the heart and then, set upright by tightly•pulling end regions of the ligature with a hemostatic pincette while pressing the coronary artery. The PE tube was allowed to stand for 45 min for the occlusion of the coronary artery, followed by the removal of the hemostatic pincette and then, by the reperfusion for 90 min.
After the reocclusion of the coronary artery in accordance with the above procedure, the rats were administered with 2 ml of a 1% Evans blue through an intravenous route. Subsequently, an excess of pentobarbital was intravenously injected to kill the rats, after which the heat was removed and then, deprived of the right ventricle and both atria. The left ventricle was cut horizontally, to the heart apex into 5 or 6 slices which were weighed. From the surface of each slice, images were input with the aid of a Hi-scope into a computer installed with an image analyzing program (image Pro Plus). From the images input into the computer, the area of the normal blood stream tissue region which appeared blue in a computer monitor and the area which appeared colorless were measured. The percentage of the colorless area to the total
area of each slice was calculated and multiplied by the weight of each slice to determine the area at risk (AAR) of each slice. The AAR obtained from each slice was summed for all slices and the total AAR was divided by the total weight of the left ventricle to yield % AAR, as shown in the following mathematical formula 3: [Mathematical Formula 3] AAR (%) = (summed AAR for all slices)/
(total weight of left ventricle) x 100
In addition, the heart slices were incubated for 15 min in 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) phosphate buffer (pH 7.4) at 37 °C and fixed for 20-24 hours in a 10% formalin solution. During ' this fixation, 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride was reduced into formazan dye by the myocardial dehydrogenase -and its cofactor NADH, so that the normal regions of the tissue were colored brick-red. In contrast, the infarct zones of the tissue were deficient in the dehydrogenase and its cofactor, so that no reduction occurred on the 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium, allowing the color to remain unchanged.
According to whether the tissue regions were colored
by 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium, a measurement was made of the areas of the normal and infarct zones in each ventricle slice. The infarct zone area of each slice was summed for all slices and the resulting summed infarct zone area was divided by total AAR weight or total left ventricle weight to yield % IZ as shown in the following mathematical formula 4:
[Mathematical Formula 4]
IZ (%) = (summed infarct zone area)/ (total left ventricle area) x 100
Table 11. Anti-ischemic Effect of Compounds of Formula 1

(Table Removed)
In the ischemic myocardium damage model of anesthetized rats, as seen in Table 4, the vehicle-treated group showed a myocardial infarction rate to area at risk (IZ/AAR) of 60.8%, which indicates a serious damage in the myocardial muscle. Being measured to be 39.1% in myocardial infarction rate, BMS-180448 showed noticeable anti-ischemic activity. When compared only in myocardial infarction rate, the compound of example I was similar to BMS-180448.
However, because the compound of example 1 is remarkably lower in vasodilatation activity (IC50 = 9.83 µM) than is BMS-180448 (IC50 = 1.38 µM), it is superior to the conventional drug in cardioselective anti-ischemic activity. Further, the compounds of the present invention did not act to reduce the blood pressure in this experiment. Then, the compounds of the present invention can be used as a curative for the treatment of ischemic heart diseases by virtue of their excellent protective activity against ischemic cardiovascular diseases such as such as myocardial infarction, heart failure, and angina pectoris, etc.
EXPERIMENTAL EXAMPLE 10> Acute Oral Toxicity Test in Rats The test to confirm the toxicity of the compounds of formula 1 was carried out as follows.
In this test six-week old SPF SD rats were used with two rats assigned to each group. The compounds of examples 1-37 were suspended in 0.5% methyl cellulose, respectively, and administered orally in a single dose with 10 ml/kg/15 mL. After the administration, the animals were observed for clinical signs of toxicity or mortality and the body weight changes were measured. All survivors at the end of the observation period underwent laparotomy under ether anesthesia and the blood samples were taken from the
abdominal aorta for hematological tests and biochemical analysis. After sacrificing the animals, autopsy was performed for macroscopic observation of the organs and tissues. Tissue samples of vital organs from macroscopic legion were removed and fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin solution, then processed by standard procedures for histopathology and examined under light microscope. There were no significant changes in clinical symptoms, body weight and mortality. Also in hematology, serum chemistry parameters and macroscopic observation, no drug-related changes were observed. As a result all the compounds tested did not show toxicity in rats up to a dose of 10 mg/kg, and the lethal dose (LD50) for oral administration was determined to be over 100 mg/kg in rats.
The present invention has been described in an illustrative manner, and it is to be understood that the terminology used is intended to be in the nature of description rather than of limitation. Many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings. Therefore, it is to be understood that within the scope of the appended claims, the invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described.
Formulation examples
The pharmaceutical composition containing the compound of formula 1 as an active ingredient can be administered orally or parenterally. The method for preparation of a tablet for oral administration and the method for powders and capsules, and the method for an injection solution for parenteral administration are illustrated as the followings.
preparation of a tablet (direct pressure)
The tablet containing 5 mg of the compound of formula 1 as an active ingredient was prepared as the followings. 5 mg of the compound was ground and passed through a sieve, and was mixed with 14.1 mg of lactose, 0.8 mg of crossphobidone USNF, and 0.1 mg of magnesium stearate. The resultant mixture was made into the tablet under pressure.
preparation of a tablet
The tablet containing 5 mg of the compound of formula
1 as an active ingredient was prepared as the followings.
5 mg of the compound was passed through a sieve, and
mixed with 16.0 mg of lactose, 4.0 mg of starch, and then
an appropriate amount of polysorbate 80 (0.3 mg) solution
was added. The resultant mixture was ground and passed through a sieve and then dried. Colloidal silicon dioxide and 2.0 rag of magnesium stearate were added and blended. The resultant 'mixture was made into the tablet by conventional method.
preparation of a powder and capsule
5 mg of the compound was passed through a sieve, and
mixed with 14.8 mg of lactose, 10.0 mg of polyvinyl
pyrrolidone, 0.2 mg of magnesium stearate. The resultant
mixture was blended, and filled into a gelatin capsule (No.
5) using an appropriate instrument by conventional method.
preparation of an injection solution
The injection solution containing 100 mg of the compound of formula 1 as an active ingredient, and 180 mg of mannitol, 26 mg of Na2HPO4.12H2O in 2974 mg of distilled water, was prepared.





We claim:
1. Benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines
including imidazole by the following formula 1, their Stereochemical isomers and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts. FORMULA 1
(Formula Removed)
Wherein
R1 represents H, CN, NO2 or NH2,
(Formula Removed)
R2 represents wherein Ra represents straight or branched alkyl group of C1-C4
R3 and R4 are independent each other and represent H, Cl, Br, F, alkyl group of C1-C3, ORb, CF3, OCF3, NO2, or CO2Rb; Rb represents H or alkyl group of C1-C3,
and * represents the chiral center.
2. Benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines including imidazole, their Stereochemical isomers and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts according to claim 1,
wherein the compound of formula 1 is selected from the group consisting of:
i) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N- (lff-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzppyran;
ii) (2S,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
iii) (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4- [N- (4-chlorophenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H-l-benzopyran;
iv) (2R,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-chlorophenyl)-W-{lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
v) (28,33,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-trifluoromethylphenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
vi) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-methoxyphenyl)-N- (lff-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H-l-benzopyran;
vii) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
viii} (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-bromophenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
ix) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4- [N- (2, 4-dimethylphenyl) -N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino] -2H-l-benzdpyran;
x) {2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(2-isopropylphenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xi) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xii) (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(2,3-dimethylphenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzppyran;
xiii) (2R, 3R, 4S) -3, 4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-{4-bromophenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xiv) (2R, 3R, 4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4- [N- (4-methoxyphen'yl) -N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xv) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(4-fluorophenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl}amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xvi) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitrov-4- [N- (2-methoxyphenyl) -N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xvii) (2R,3R,43}-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4- [N- (2-isopropylphenyl) -N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xviii) (2R, 3R, 4S) -3, 4-dihydro-2-rdimethoxymethyl-3--hydroxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4- [N- (2-methoxyphenyl) -N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H-l-benzopyran;
xix) (2R,3R,4S)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimfethoxymethyl-3-hydfoxy-2-methyl-6-nitro-4-[N-(3-chlorophenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H--l-benzopyran;
xx) (2S,3S,4R)-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-m6thyl-6-nitro-4- [W- (3-chlorophenyl) -N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H-l-benzopyran;
xxi) (2R, 3R, 4S) -3, 4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3'-hydroxy-2-methyl-€-nitro-4- [N-- (4-trif luoromethoxyphenyl) -N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H-l-benzopyran;
xxii) {2S,3S,4R)-6-cyano-3,4-dihydro-2-
dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xxiii) {2R,3R,4S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-
dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4- [W- (4-fehlorophenyl) -N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H-l-benzopyran;
xxiv) (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-
dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-chlorophenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xxv) (2S, 3S, 4R) -6-amino-3, 4-dihydro-2i-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4- [N- (4-trifluoromethylphenyl) -N- (Iff-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H-l-benzOpyran;
xxvi) (2R, 3R,4S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N- (4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xxvii) (2R, 3R, 4S) -6-amino-3, 4-olihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N- (2,3-dimethylphenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-1-benzopyran;
xxviii) (2R,3R,4S)-6-amino-3/4-dihydro-2-
dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy--2-methyl-4- [N- (4-methoxyphenyl) -N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H-l-benzopyran;
xxix) (2R,3R,4S)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-
dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N- (4-bromophenyl)-N- (1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino] -2H-l-benzopyran;
xxx) (2S,3Sr 4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy--2-methyl-4- [N- (2, 3-dimethylphenyl) -N- (lH-imidazol-'2-ylmethyl) amino] -2-H-l-benzopyran;

xxxi) (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-
diitiethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4- [N- (2-methoxyphenyl) -N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xxxii) (2S,3S, 4R)-6-araino-3, 4-'dihydro-2-
dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-methoxyphenyl)-N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xxiii) (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N- (2,4-dimethylphenyl)-N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xxxiv) (23,3$,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4- [N- (2-isopropylphenyl) -N- (lH-imidazol-2-ylraethyl) amino] -2H-1-benzopyran;
xxxv) (2S, 3S, 4R) -6-amino-3,4r-dihydro-2-' dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroky-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-N-(lH-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran;
xxxvi) (2S/3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-
dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N- (4-bromophenyl)-N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl) amino]-2H-l-benzopyran; and
xxxvii) (2S,3S,4R)-6-amino-3,4-dihydro-2-
dimethoxymethyl-3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-[N-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-(1H-imidazol-2-ylmethyl)amino]-2H-l-benzopyran,
3. A process for preparing the benzopyran derivatives substituted with secondary amines including imidazole of claim I, comprising the step of reacting an epoxide compound (II) with a secondary amine compound including imidazole (III) in the presence of a metal salt in an reaction solvent to obtain a compound (I), as described in scheme 1.
Scheme 1
(Scheme Removed)
Wherein R1, R2, R3, R4 and are each defined as above claim 1, the metal salt is selected from the group consisting of Mg(ClO4)2, CoCl2, LiClO42, NaC104, CaCl2, ZnCl2, LiBF4, and Zn(Tf)2, and the reaction solvent is selected from the group consisting of acetortitrile, tetrahydrofuran, and dimethylformamide.
4. Benzopyran derivatives as claimed: in any preceding claim for use in the preparation of a pharmaceutical composition useful for treatment of cancer, diabetic retinopathy and rheumatoid arthritis.

Documents:

264-delnp-2005-abstract.pdf

264-delnp-2005-assignment.pdf

264-DELNP-2005-Claims.pdf

264-delnp-2005-complete specification (as filed).pdf

264-delnp-2005-complete specification (granted).pdf

264-delnp-2005-correspondence-others.pdf

264-delnp-2005-correspondence-po.pdf

264-DELNP-2005-Description (Complete).pdf

264-delnp-2005-form-1.pdf

264-delnp-2005-form-18.pdf

264-DELNP-2005-Form-2.pdf

264-delnp-2005-form-3.pdf

264-delnp-2005-form-5.pdf

264-delnp-2005-pct-210.pdf

264-delnp-2005-pct-409.pdf

264-delnp-2005-pct-416.pdf

abstract.jpg


Patent Number 245384
Indian Patent Application Number 264/DELNP/2005
PG Journal Number 03/2011
Publication Date 21-Jan-2011
Grant Date 17-Jan-2011
Date of Filing 24-Jan-2005
Name of Patentee KOREA RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY
Applicant Address 100 JANG-DONG,YUSUNG-KU,TAEJEON-SI 305-343,REPUBLIC OF KOREA
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 YI KYU YANG #130-1001 HANBIT APT.,UHEUN-DONG,YUSUNG-KU,TAEJEON-SI 305-755,REPUBLIC OF KOREA
2 LEE SUN KYUNG #108-1303 DAELIMDURE APT.,SINSEONG-DONG,YUSUNG-KU,TAEJEON-SI305-755,REPUBLIC OF KOREA
3 YOO SUNG-EUN 31416 GEUMAM-RI,JANGGI-MYEON,GONGJU-SICHUNGCHEONGNAM-DO 314-911,REPUBLIC OF KOREA
4 SUH JEE HEE #166-802 HANBIT APT.,UHEUM-DONG YUSUNG-KUTAEJEON-SI 305-755,REPUBLIC OF KOREA
5 KIM NAK JEONG #102-701 HANUL APT.,SINSEONG-DONG YUSUNG-KU,TAEJEON-SI305-345,REPUBLIC OF KOREA
6 HWANG SUN KYUNG #107-1002 HANARO APT.,WOLPYEONG-DONG,SEO-KU TAEJEON-SI 302-748,REPUBLIC OF KOREA
7 LEE BYUNG-HO #166-804 HANBIT APT.,99 UHEUN-DONG,YUSUNG-KU,TAEJEON-SI 305-755,,REPUBLIC OF KOREA
8 SEO HO WON #101-302 HANBATGADEUN APT.,78-5 SANSEONG-DONG,JUNG-KU,TAEJEON-SI 301-211,REPUBLIC OF KOREA
9 LEE CHONG OCK #A-201 SSANGYONG VILLA,DORYONG-DONG,YUSUNG-KU TAEJEON-SI 305-340,REPUBLIC OF KOREA
10 CHOI SANG-UN #106-101 HANUL APT.,SINSEONG-DONG,YUSUNG-KU,TAEJEON-SI 305-345,REPUBLIC OF KOREA
PCT International Classification Number C07D 405/12
PCT International Application Number PCT/KR03/001534
PCT International Filing date 2003-07-30
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 10-2002-47189 2002-08-09 Republic of Korea