Title of Invention

A METHOD AND A SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING A HANDOVER IN A BROADBAND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Abstract This invention relates to a method for controlling a handover by a serving base station (BS) in a broadband wireless access communication system, the method comprising the steps of determining (611) to perform a handover of mobile subscriber station (MSS); transmitting (613-617) neighbor BSs, information related to service provided from the serving BS to the MSS; receiving (619-623) from the neighbor, information related to service which can be provided by the neighbor BS to the MSS; transmitting (625) to the MSS a handover request signal containing service level prediction information related to a quantity of service which can be provided by each of selected neighbor BSs, from among the neighbor BSs, from among the services currently being provided to the MSS; receiving (629) from the MSS a handover response signal containing information on a target BS selected by the MSS among the selected neighbor BS; and transmitting (631) to the target BS, a handover notification confirm message, wherein the selected neighbor BSs are selected from among the neighbor BSs using the information related to service which can be provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS (619-625), wherein the service level prediction information comprises one of a first information, a second information, and a third information, the first information indicates that it is possible to provide all of the services, the second information indicates that it is possible to provide a portion of the services, and the third information indicates that it is not possible to provide any of the services.
Full Text BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1.Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a broadband wireless communication
system, and more particularly to a system and a method for performing a
handover in a broadband wireless access communication system employing an
10 orthogonal frequency division multiplexing scheme.
2. Description of the Related Art
In the fourth generation (' 4G ') communication system, winch is the next
generation communication system research is being heavily conducted to provide
15 users with services having various qualities of service ('QoS') and supporting a
transmission speed of about 100 Mbps. The current third generation ('3G')
communication system supports a transmission speed of about 384 kbps in an
outdoor channel environment having a relatively unfavorable channel
environment, and supports a maximum transmission speed of 2 Mbps even in an
20 indoor channel environment which is a relatively favorable channel environment,
A wireless local area network ('LAN') system and a wireless metropolitan area
network ('MAN') system generally support transmission speeds of 20 to 50 Mbps.
Accordingly, in the current 4G communication system, research is being
conducted to develop a new type of commurn cation system for ensuring mobility
25 of terminals and a QoS in the wireless LAN and MAN systems supporting
relatively high transmission speeds, and supporting a high speed service to be
provided by the 4G communication system.
Since the wireless MAN system has a wide service coverage and supports
a high tranmission speed, it is suitable for supporting a high speed
30 communication service. However, since the wireiss MAN system does not in
any way lake into consideration the mobility of a user, i.e., a subscriber station
('SS'), the wireless MAN system does not reflect in any way a handover
accoding to high speed movement of the SS.The wireless MAN system is a
broaband wireless access (BWA) communication system, which has a wider
35 service coverage and supports a higher transmission speed than the wireless LAN
system . The IEFE 802. 16a communication system employs an orthogonal
frequency division multiplexing (' OFDM' ) scheme and an orthogonal frequenoy
division multiplexing (' OFDM' ) scheme in order to enable a physical
channel of the wireless MAN system to support a broadband transmission


2
network. That is the IEEE 802.16a communication system is a broadband
wireless access communication system employing an OFDM/OFDMA scheme.
The IEEE 802.16a communication system only considers a state in which
an SS is currently motionleas (i.e., a state in which the niobilitv of the SS is not
5 entirely considered), and a single cell structure. However, an IEEE 802.16e
communication system is stipulated as a system that takes into consideration the
mobility of an SS in the IEEE 802.16a communication system. Accordingly, the
IEEE 802.16e communication system must consider the mobility of an SS in a
multi-cell environment. In order to support the mobility of the SS in a multi-cell
10 environment, changes in operations of the SS and a base station (BS) are
necessarily required. In order to support the mobility of the SS, research into a
handover of the SS considering a multi-cell structure has been actively pursued.
An SS having the mobility will be referred to as a mobile subscriber station
('MSS').
15 A construction of the IEEE 802.16e communication system will be
described with reference to FIG. 1.
FIG, 1 is a diagram illustrating a construction ot a conventional IEEE
802.16e communication system.
Referring to FIG. 1. the IEEE 802.16e communication system has a multi-
20 cell structureconsisting of a first cell 100 and a second cell 150. Further, the
IEEE. 802.16e communication system includes a base station 110 controlling cell
100, a base station 140 controlling col! 150, and a plurality of MSSs 111, 113, 130,
151, and 153. The transmission/reception of signals between the base stations
110 and 140 and the MSSs 111. 113, 130. 151, and 153 is executed according to
25 the OFDM/OFDMA scheme. From among the MSSs 111. 113, 130, 151 and
153, the MSS 130 is located in a cell boundary area, i.e., handover area, between
cell 100 and cell 150. Accordingly, only when a handover for the MSS 130 is
supported, is it possible to support the mobility for the MSS 130.
In the IEEE 802.16e communication system, a certain MSS receives pilot
channel signals transmitted from a plurality of base station, and measures the
30 CINRs (Carrier to Interference and Noise Ratios) of the received pilot channel
signals. The MSS then selects a base station, which is the base station that has
transmitted a pilot channel signal having the highest CINR from among the
CINRs measured, as a base station (i.e., as a serving base station} to which the
35 MSS currently belongs. The MSS recognizes a base station, which transmits a
pilot channel signal capable of being favorably received by the MSS, from among
base stations having transmitted pilot channel signals as a base station to which
the MSS belongs.
As a result, the base station to which the MSS currently belongs becomes


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a serving base station. The MSS having selected the serving base station
receives a downlink frame and an uplink frame transmitted from the serving base
station. The structure of the downlink trame of the conventional IEEE 802.16e
communication system will be descried with reference to FIG. 2.
5 FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating the structure of the downlink frame of the
conventional IEEE 802.16e communication system.
The downlink frame includes a preamble portion 200, a broadcast control
portion 210. and a plurality of time division multiples ('TDM') portions 220 and
230. A synchronization signal (i.e.. preamble sequence) used to obtain a mutual
10 synchronization between a base station and an MSS is transmitted through the
preamble portion 200. The broadcast control portion 210 includes a downlink
MAP ('DL MAP') portion 211 and an uplink MAP ('UL-MAP') portion 213.
The DL_MAP portion 211 is a portion through which a DL_MAP message is
transmitted. Table 1 shows information elements ('IEs') contained in the
15 DL_MAP message.


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that is; the 'Management Message Type' representing the type of a tranmitted
massage, the 'PHYsical (PHY) Synchronization' set including a modulation
scheme and demodulation scheme information applied to a physical channel in
order to obtain a synchronization, the 'DCD count' representing a count
5 corresponding to the configuration variation of a downlink channel descript
('DCD') message containing a downlink burst profile, the 'Base Station ID'
representing a base station identifier ('BSID),and the 'Number of DL_MAP
Elements n' representing the number of elements existing after the Base Station
ID. The DL_MAP message also contains information about the ranging codes
10 assigned to each ranging, which will be described later.
The UL_MAP portion 213 is a portion through which an UL_MAP
message is transmitted. Table 2 shown below illustrates lEs contained in the
UL_MAP message.


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existing after the UCD count. Herein, the uplink channel identifier is uniquely
assigned in a medium access control ('MAC') sub-layer.
An uplink interval usage code ('UTUC') portion is a portion in which
information designating the use of an offser recorded in the offset portion is
5 recorded For instance, when a value of 2 is recorded in the UIUC portion, it
signifies that a starting offset used in the initial ranging is recorded in the offset
portion. When a value of 3 is recorded in the UIUC portion, it signifies that a
starting offset used in the maintenance ranging or the bandwidth request ranging
is recorded in the offset portion. As described above, the offset portion is a
10 portion for recording a starting offset value used in the initial ranging, the
bandwidth request ranging, or the maintenance ranging according to the
information recorded in the UTUC portion. Further, information about a
characteristic of a physical channel to be transmitted in the UTUC portion is
recorded in the UCD message.
15 If an MSS does not successfully perform ranging, the MSS determines a
certain backoff value in ordcr to increase the probability of success in the next
attempt. The MSS, then, again attempts a ranging process after waiting for the
time interval of the backoff value. In this case, the information required for
determining the backoff value is also contained the UCD message. The
20 configuration of the UCD message will now be described in more detail with
reference to Table 3


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As shown in Table 3, the UCD message includes a plurality of IEs, that is,
the 'Management Message Type' representing the type of a transmitted message,
the 'Uplink Channel ID' representing an uplink channel identifier, the
5 'Configuration Change Count' counted by a base station, the 'Mini-slot Size'
representing the size of a mini-slot of an uplink physical channel, the 'Ranging
Backoff Start" representing a start point of a backoff for an initial ranging (i.e., the
size of an initial backoff window for the initial tanging), the 'Ranging Backoff
End' representing an end point of a backoff for an initial ranging (i.e., the size of a
10 final backoff window), the 'Request Backoff Start' representing a start point of a
backoff for 'contention data and requests' (i.e., the size of an initial backoff
window), and the 'Request Backoff End' representing an end point of a backoff
for 'contention data and requests' (i.e., the size of a final backoff window). The
value of the backoff represents a kind of waiting time value for which an MSS
15 must wait for the next ranging when failure occurs in rangings. Further, a base
station must transmit the backoff value, which is which is information relating to a time
period for which the MSS must wait for the next ranging, to the MSS when the
MSS fails in a ranging. For instance, wnen a value by the Ranging Backoff Start
and the Ranging Backoff End is set to 10, the MSS passes chances in which the
20 MSS can perform rangings of 210 times (i.e., 1024 times) according to a truncated
binary exponential backoff algorithm and then must perform the next ranging.
In addition, the TDM portions 220 and 230 are portions corresponding to
time slots assigned to each MSS by a time division multiplex ('TDM') /time
division multiple access (TDMA') scheme. The base station transmits
25 broabcast information to MSSs managed by the base station through the
DL_MAP portion 211 of the downlink frame by means of a preset center carrier.
When the MSSs are powered on, each MSS monitors all of the frequency bands
set in each MSS itself in advance and detects a pilot channel signal having the
highest pilot CINR. The MSS determines a base station having transmitted the
30 pilot channel signal having Ihe highest CINR to be a base station to which the
MSS currently belongs. The MSS confirms the DL_MAP portion 211 and the
UL_MAP portion 213 of the downlink frame transmitted by the base station, and
confirms control information for controlling an uplink and a downlink of the MSS
and information representing the actual position of data trans mission/reception.
35 FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating the structure of the uplink frame of the
conventional lEBE 802.I6e communication system.
Before describing FIG. 3, tangings used in the IEEE 802.16e
communication system, an initial ranging, a maintenance ranging (i.e., periodic


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ranging), and a bandwidth request ranging will be described in detail.
First, the initial ranging will be described,
The initial ranging is a ranging which is performed when a base station
requests the initial ranging in order to obtain synchronization with an MSS.
5 Further, the initial ranging is a ranging which is performed in order to match an
exact time offset between the MSS and the base station and adjust the transmit
power. That is, the MSS is powered on, receives a DL_MAP message, an
ULMAP message and a UCD message and obtains synchronization with the
base station. Then, the MSS performs the initial ranging to adjust the time offset
10 and the transmit power with the base station. Since the IEEE 802.16e
communication system employs an OFDM/OFDMA scheme, the ranging
procedure requires ranging sub-channels and ranging codes. A base station
assigns usable raging codes according to the object of each raging, that is, each
kind of raging. This will now be described in detail.
15 The raging code is generated by segmenting a pseudo-random noise
('PN') sequence having a predetermined length (e.g., length of 2l5-l bits) by a
predetermined unit. Generally, two ranging sub-channels having a length of 53
bits constitute one ranging channel. The raging code is constructed by
segmenting a PN code through the ranging channel having a length of 106 bits.
20 The 48 raging codes (i.e., RC#l to RC#48) (at a maximum of 48 ranging codes
per MSS) constructed in this way may be assigned to an MSS, and two raging
codes (at a minimum per each MSS) are applied to the three types of rangings,
that is, the initial ranging, the periodic ranging and the bandwidth request ranging,
as a default value. In this way, different raging codes are assigned to each
25 ranging. For instance, N raging codes are assigned for the initial ranging (N
RCs for initial ranging), M raging codes are assigned for the periodic ranging (M
RCs for poliodic ranging), and L raging codes are assigned for the bandwidth
request ranging (L RCs for BW-request ranging). The raging codes assigned in
this way are transmitted to the MSSs through the DL_MAP message as described
30 above, and (he MSSs perform the ranging procedure by using the raging codes
contained in the DL_MAP message according to the objects of the raging code.
Second, the periodic casging will now be described.
The periodic ranging is a ranging periodically performed when the MSS
having adjusted the time offset and the transmit power with the base station
35 through the initial ranging adjusts a channel status, etc., with the base station. The
MSS performs the periodic ranging by means of the ranging codes assigned for
the periodic ranging.
Third, the bandwidth request ranging will now be described.
The bandwidth request ranging is a ranging performed when the MSS


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having adjusted the time offset and the transmit power with the base station
through the initial ranging requests a bandwidth assignment in order to actually
perform a communication with the hase station. The bandwidth request ranging
may be performed using one selected from among a Grants scheme, a scheme of
5 'Contention-based Focused bandwidth requests for Wireless MAN-OFDM', and a
scheme of 'Contention-based CDMA bandwidth requests for Wireless MAN-
OFDMA'. Each of the Grants scheme, the 'Contention-based Focused
bandwidth requests for Wireless MAN-OFDM' scheme, and the 'Contention-
based CDMA bandwidth requests for Wireless MAN-OFDMA' scheme will be
10 described in detail.
(1) Grants scheme
The Grants scheme is a scheme for requesting a bandwidth assignment
when a communication system to which an MSS currently belongs is a
communication system using a single carrier. In this case, the MSS performs the
15 bandwidth request ranging using not its own connection identifier ('CTD') but a
default CID. When the bandwidth request ranaing fails, the MSS again attempts
the bandwidth request ranging after a time interval or a backoff value or abandons
a received service data unit (SDU), according to the latest information received
from the base station and a request condition of the base station. In this case, the
20 MSS already recognizes The backoff value trough a UCD message.
(2) 'Contention-based Focused bandwidth requests for Wireless MAN-
OFDM'scheme
The 'Contetion-based Focused bandwith requests for Wireless MAN-
OFDM' scheme is a scheme for requesting a bandwidth assignment when a
25 communication system to which an MSS currently belongs is a communication
system using the OFDM scheme. The 'Cartention-based Focused bandwibth
requests for Wireless MAN-OFDM'scheme is classified into two schemes. The
first scheme is a scheme of performing a bandwidth request ranging in such a
manner that an MSS uses a default CID, as described in the description for the
30 Grants scheme, and simultaneously transmits a focused contention transmission
message. The second scheme is a scheme of performing a bandwidth request
ranging by transmitting a broadcast CID together with an OFDM Focused
Contuition ID, not using the default CID. When the broadcast CID together
with the OFDM Focused Contention ID is transmitted, the base station
35 determines a specific contention channel and a transmission probability for the
relevant MSS.
(3) 'Contention-based CDMA bandwidth requests for Wireless MAN-
OFDMA' scheme
The 'Contention-based CDMA bandwidth requests for Wireless MAN-


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OFDMA' scheme is a scheme for requesting a bandwidth assignment when a
communication system to which an MSS currently belongs is a communication
system using the OFDMA scheme. The 'Contention-based CDMA bandwidth
requests for Wireless MAN-OFDMA' scheme is also classified into two schemes.
5 The first scheme is a scheme of performing a bandwidth request ranging CID as
described in the description about the Grants scheme. The second scheme is a
scheme of performing a bandwidth request ranging using a mechanism based on
CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) scheme, that is, using a CDMA based
mechanism. In the CDMA based mechanism, since the communication system
10 uses a plurality of tones (i.e., a plurality of sub-channels) made-up with OFDM
symbols, the base station applies a mechanism such as the CDMA scheme to each
of the sub-channels when an MSS performs a bandwidth request ranging. When
the base station successfully receives the bandwidth request ranging, the base
station assigns a frequency band through a MAC protocol data unit (PDU) to the
15 MSS having performed the bandwidth request ranging. Meanwhile, in a case of
using an REQ (REQuest) Region-Focused scheme, the possibility of a collision
increases when a plurality of MSSs attempt bandwidth request rangings using the
same contention code through the same sub-channel.
Referring to FIG. 3, the uplink frame includes an "Initial Maintenance
20 Opportunities' portion 300 for the initial ranging and the maintenance ranging
(i.e., periodic Tanging), a 'Request Contention Opportunities' portion MO for the
bandwidth request ranging, and an 'MSS scheduled data' portion 320 containing
the uplink data of the MSSs. The Initial Maintenance Opportunities portion 300
includes a plurality of access burst intervals actually containing an initial ranging
25 and a periodic ranging, and a collision interval in which collision between access
burst intervals occurs. The Request Contention Opportunities portion 310
includes a plurality of bandwidth request intervals contains a bandwidth request
ranging and a collision interval in which collision between bandwidth request
intervals occurs. Further, the MSS scheduled data portion 320 includes a
30 plurality of MSS scheduled data parts (i.e., MSS 1 scheduled data part to MSS N
scheduled data part) and MSS transition gaps each of which is present between
the adjacent MSS scheduled data parts.
FIG 4 is a flow diagram illustrating the first ranging procedure between a base
station and an MSS in the conventional IEEE 802.16e communication system.
35 The MSS 400 monitors all of the frequency bands in the MSS 400 in advance and
detects a pilot channel signal having the highest CINR. Then, the MSS 400
determines a servins base station 420 having transmitted the pilot channel signal
having the highest CINR to be the serving base station 420 (i.e., a serving base
station) to w hich the MSS 400 currently belongs. Then, the MSS 400 receives


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the preamble of the downlink frame transmitted from the serving base station 420
and obtains a system synchronization with the serving base station 420.
When the system synchronization is obtained between the MSS 400 and
the serving base station 420 as described above, the serving base station 420
5 transmits a DL_MAP message and an UL_MAP message to the MSS 400 in steps
411 and 413. respectively. Herein, as described in Table 1, the DL_MAP
message functions to inform the MSS 400 of information required when the MSS
400 obtains a synchronization with the serving base station 420 in a downlink,
10 messages transmitted to the MSS 400 in the downlink. Further, as described in
Table 2, the UL_MAP message functions to inform the MSS 400 of information
about the scheduling period of an MSS and the structure of a physical channel in
an uplink. Meanwhile, the DL_MAP message is periodically broadcast from a
base station to all of the MSSs. Herein, when a certain MSS can continuously
15 receive the DL_MAP message, it can. be expressed that the MSS has synchronized
with the base station.
The MSSs having received the DL_MAP message can receive all of the
messages transmitted through a downlink. Further, as described in Table 3,
when an MSS fails in an access, the base station transmits the UCD message
20 containing information notifying the MSS of an usable backoff value,
When the MSS 400 having been synchronized with the serving base
station 420 performs the ranging the MSS 400 transmits a ranging request
('RNG_REQ') message to the serving base station 420 in step 415. Then, in
step 417 the serving base station 420 having received the RNG_RWQ message
25 transmits to the MSS 400 a ranging response ('RNG_RSP ) message, which
contains information for compensating for frequency, time, and transmit power
for the ranging.
Table 4, illustrated below, shows the configuration of the RNG_REQ


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In Table 4, the 'Downlink Channel ID' represents a downlink channel
identifier contained in the RNG_REQ message received in the MSS 400 through
the UCD. The 'Pending Until Complete' represents a priority of a transmitted
vanging response. That is, when the Pending Until Complete has a value of 0, a
5 previous ranging response has a high priority. In contrast, when the Pending
Until Complete has values other than 0, a currently transmitted ranging response
has a high priority.
Table 5, illustrated below; shows the configuration of the RNG_RSP
message in response to the RNG REO message shown in Table 4.

In Table 5, the 'Uplink Channel ID' represents an uplink channel
identifier contained in the RNG_REQ message.
In a ease of using the OFDMA scheme in. the IEEE 802.16e, in order to
15 more efficiently perform the first ranging procedure as described above, a scheme
of establishing a dedicated section for the ranging and transmitting ranging codes
through the dedicated section may be used, instead of using the RNG_REQ
message. A ranging procedure between a base station and an MSS when the
scheme of transmitting ranging codes only through, the dedicated section will now
20 be described with reference to FIG. 5.
FIG. 5 is a flow diagram illustrating the second ranging procedure
between a base station and an MSS in the conventional IEEE 802.16e
communication system.
Referring to FIG. 5, the second ranging procedure between the base
25 station and the MSS basically includes the same steps as those of the first ranging
procedure described with reference to FIG. 4. However, according to the second
ranging procedure, the MSS 500 transmits a tanging code to the serving base
station 520 before transmitting the RNG_REQ message in step 515. Then, the
serving base station 520 receives the ranging code and then transmits the
30 RNG_RSP message to the MSS 500 in step 517. In step 519, the MSS 500
having received the RNG_RSP message transmits the RNG_REQ massage to the
serving base station 520 through a contention-free band assigned by the serving


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base station 520.
Meanwhile, the serving base station inserts response information to the
received ranging code into the RNG_RSP message. In this case, information
newly-contained in the RNG_RSP message is as follows.
5 a. Ranging Code : Received ranging CDMA code.
b. Ranging Symbol : OFDM symbol of the received ranging CDMA
code
c. Ranging sub-channel : Sub-channel of the received ranging CDMA
code.
10 d. Ranging frame number : Frame number of the received ranging
CDMA code.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
15 As describe above, although the IEEE 802.16e communication system is
a communication system that considers the mobility of an MSS and a multi-cell
structure, a definite procedure for a handover of the MSS is not yel proposed.
Therefore, it is necessary to develop a definite procedure for a handover of the
MSS.
20 Accordingly, the present invention has been made to solve at least the
above-mentioned problems occurring in the prior art, and an object of the present
invention is to provide a system and a method for performing a handover of a
mobile subscriber station ('MSS') En a broadband wireless access communication
system.
25 Another object of the present invention is to provide a system and a
method for performing a handover of an MSS according to the control of a
serving base station in a broadband wireless access communication system.
Still another object of the present invention is to provide a system and a
method for performing a handover of an MSS according to service levels
30 supportable in a broadband wireless access communication system.

To accomplish these object, in accordance with one aspect of the present
invention, there is provided a system for controlling a handover of a mobile
communication system which includes the mobile subscriber station, the serving
35 base station for providing service to the mobile subscriber station, and neighbor
base stations neighboring the serving base station, the system including a serving
base station for determining to perform a handover of a mobile subscriber station,
sending neighbor base stations of information related to service including types of
the service provided to the mobile subscriber station, receiving information


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includes the mobile subscriber station, the serving base station for providing
service to the mobile subscriber station, and neighbor base stations neighboring
the serving base station, the method including the steps of determining to perform
a handover of the mobile subscriber station; sending to the neighbor base stations
5 of information related to types of service provided from the serving base
station to the mobile subscriber station after determining to perform the handover
information related types of service which can be provided by the respective
neighbor base stations ; transmitting to the mobile subscriber station a handover
10 request signal, which contains the information recevid from the neighbor base
stations, ; receiving from the mobile subscriber station a handover response
signal indicating one neighbor base station selected by the mobile subscriber
station from among the neighbor base stations; and sending a handover
notification confirm signal to the selected neighbor base station.
15 In accordance with still another aspect of the present invention, there is
provided a method for controlling a handover of a mobile subscriber station by
the mobile subscriber station in a broadband wireless access communication
system which includes the mobile subscriber station, a serving base station for
providing service to the mobile subscriber station, and neighbor base stations
20 neighboring the serving base station, the method including the steps of receiving
from the serving base station a handover request signal, which contains
information received from the neighbor base stations selecting one neighbor base
station from among the neighbor base stations based on the received information
and transmitting to the serving base station response signal indicating the selected
25 neighbor base station ; and transmitting a handover start signal to the serving base
station and performing the handover to the selected neighbor base station.
In accordance with still another aspect of the present invention, there is
provided a method for controlling a handover of a mobile subscriber station by a
serving base station in a broadband wireless access communication system which
30 includes the mobile subscriber station, the serving base station for providing
service to the mobile subscriber station, and neighbor base stations neighboring
the serving base station, the method including the steps of determining to perform
a handover of the mobile subscriber station; sending to the neighbor base stations
information related to types of the service provided from the serving base
35 station to the mobile subscriber station after determining to perfonnthe handover
of the mobile subscriber station; receiving from the neighbor base stations
information related to types of service which can be provided by the respective
neighbor base stations; transmitting to the mobile subscriber station a handover
request signal, which contains the information received from the neighbor base


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stations; receiving a response signal from the mobile subscriber station in
response to the handover request signal; selecting one neighbor base staliou based
on the information related to the neighbor base stations contained in the response
signal; and confirming handover notification to the selected neighbor base station,
5 In accordance with still another aspect of the present invention, there is
provided a method for controlling a handover of a mobile subscriber station by
the mobile subscriber station a broadband wireless access communication
system which includes the mobile subscriber station, a serving base station for
providing service to the mobile subscriber station, and neighbor base stations
10 neighboring the serving base station, the method including the steps of receiving
from the serving base station a handover signal, which contains
information received from the neighbor base stations; transmiting to the
serving base station a response signal in response to the handover request signal;
receiving from the serving base station information related to a neighbor base
15 station to which the mobile subscriber station is handed over; and transmitting to
the serving base station a handover start signal and performing the handover to a
selected neighbor base station.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
20
The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present
invention will be more apparent from the following detailed description taken in
conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which;
FIG 1 is a diagram illustrating a construction of a conventional IEEE
802.16e communication system.
FIG 2 is a diagram illustrating the structure of the downlink frame of the
conventional IEEE 802.16e communication system;
FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating the structure of the uplink frame of the
conventional IEEE 802.16e communication system;
30 FIG. 4 is a flow diagram illustrating the first ranging procedure between a
base station and an MSS in the conventional IEEE 802.16e communication
system;
FIG. 5 is a flow diagram illustrating lhe second ranging procedure
between a base station and an MSS in the conventional IEEE 802. 16e
35 communication system;
FIG. 6 is a flow diagram illustrating a handover procedure resulting from
the request of a serving base station according to the first embodiment of the
present invention;
FIG. 7 is a flow diagram illustrating a handover procedure resulting from


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the request of a serving base station according to the second embodiment of the
present invention.
FIG. 8 is a flowchart illustrating an operation procedure of a serving base
station for performing a handover according to the first embodiment of the
5 present invention.
FIG. 9 is a flowchart illustrating an operation procedure of a serving base
station for performing a handover according to the second embodiment of the
present invention.
FIG. 10 is a flowchart illustrating an operation procedure of an MSS for
10 performing a handover according to the first embodiment of the present
invention
FIG. 11 is a flowchart illustrating the first operation procedure of an MSS
for performing a handover according to the second embodiment of the present
invention ; and
15 FIG. 12 is a flowchart illustrating the second operation procedure of an
MSS for performing a handover according to the second embodiment of the
present invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
20
Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of a system and a method for
performing a handover in a broadban wireless communication system
according to the present invention will be described with reference to the
accoompanying drawing. In the following description if the present invention, invention, a
25 detailed description of known functions and configurations incorporated herein
will be omitted when it may obscure the subject matter of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a flow diagram illustrating a handover procedure resulting from
the request of a serving base station according to the first embodiment of the
present invention.
30 First, it should be noted that the present invention can be applied to all
broadband wireless access (BWA) communication systems, although the
following description is given for an IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics
Engineers) 802.16e communication system, which is one of the broadband
wireless access communication systems, for convenience of description. A mobile
35 subscriber station ('MSS') 600 receives pilot channel signals transmitted from a
plurality of base stations, which is not illustrated in FIG 6. The MSS 600
measures carrier-to-interference-and-noise ratios ('CINRs') of the received pilot
channel signals. The MSS 600 selects a base station, which has transmitted a
pilot channel signal having the highest C1NR from among the CINRs measured


-17-
with the pilot channel signals, as a base station to which the MSS 600 belongs,
that is, as a serving base station.
The serving base station 630 transmits a mobile neighbor advertisement
('MOB_NBR_ADV') message to the MSS 600. The MSS 600 can acquire
5 information related to neighbor base stations by receiving the MOB_NBR_ADV
message. Information elements ('IEs') contained in the MOB_NBR ADV
message are shown in Table 6.

10 As shown in Table 6, the MOB_NBR_ADV message includes a plurality
of IEs, that is. the 'Management Message Type' representing the type of a
transmitted message, the 'Configuration Change Count' representing the number
of changed configurations, the 'N_NEIGBBORS' representing the number of
neighbor base stations, the 'Neighbor BS-ID' representing identifiers (IDs) of the
15 neighbor base stations, the 'Physical frequency' representing a physical channel
frequency of the neighbor base station, and other information releted to the
neighbor base station besides the above- mentioned information, that is, other
neighbor information (TLV Encoded Neighbor Information) representing
information about a physical chanel. In this case,when the Configuration
20 Change Count has a value equal to a previous valve, signifies that a currently
receved MOB_NBR_ADV massage contoins the same contents as those of a
previously - received MOB_NBR_ADV message. In contrast, when the
Configuration Change Count has a different value from a previous value, it
signifies that a currently- received MOB_NBR_ADV massage contains different
25 contents from those of a previously-received MOB_NBR_ADV message.
In a state in which the MSS 600 recognizes information about neighbor
base station as described above, the serving base station 610 determines a


-18-
handover of the MSS 600. In this case the determination of a handover of the
MSS 600 in the serving base station 610 may be performed to distribute the load
of the serving base station 610. After the serving base station 610 determines
the handover of the MSS 600, the serving base station 610 transmits a handover
5 notification ('HO_notification') message to each of neighbor base stations of the
MSS 600, for instance, a first neighbor base station 620, a second neighbor base
station 630, and a third neighbor base station 640 in steps 613, 615 and 617.
The configuration of the HO notification message is shown in Table 7.

10
As shown in Table 7, the HO_ notification message includes a plurality of
IEs, that is, the an identifier (i.e., MSS unique identifier) of the MSS 600 to be
handed over to a neighbor base station, that is, the first neighbor base station 620,
the second neighbor base station 630, or the third neighbor base station 640, an
15 expected start time of a handover of the MSS GOO, information related to a
bandwidth and a quality of service ('QoS') level requested from the MSS 600 to a
new neighbor base station, that is, to a target base station, etc. Herein, the
bandwidth represents a bandwidth required to provide a service which is being


-19-
provided from the serving base station 610 to the MSS 600.
Each of the first neighbor base station 620, the second neighbor base
station 630, and the third neighbor base station 640 having received the
HO_notificiition message transmits a handover notification response
5 ('HO_notification_response') message to the serving base station 610 in response
to the HO_notification message in steps 619, 621, and 623. The configuration
of the HO_notification_response message is shown in Table 8.


-20-
As shown in Table 8. the HO_nolification_response message includes a
plurality of lEs, that is- an identifier of an MSS to be banded over to a neighbor
base station, the 'ACK/NACK' response representing whether or not the neighbor
base stations can perform a handover according to the request of the MSS, and a
5 bandwidth and a QoS level to be provided by each neighbor base station when the
MSS is handed over to a correspondent neighbor base station.
When the serving base station 610 has received the
HO_notification_response message from each of the neighbor base stations 620,
630, and 640, the serving base station 610 determines that each of the neighbor
10 base stations 620, 630, and 640 can provide the service which is being provided
by the serving base station 610, with reference to the received
HO_notification_response messages. According to a result of the determination
of service provision, the serving base station 610 transmits a base station
handover request ('MOB_BSHO_RBQ') message to the MSS 600 in step 625.
15 That is, the serving base station 610 selects the neighbor base stations to which
the MSS 600 can be handed over to in advance with reference to the
HO_notification_response messages received from each of the neighbor base
stations 620, 630, and 640. In the following description, it is assumed that the
serving bass station 610 determines that only the first and second neighbor base
20 stations 620 and 630 are to be neighbor base stations to which the MSS 600 can
be handed over. The configuration of the MOB_BSHO_REQ message is shown
in Table 9.

25 As shown in Table 9, the MOB_BSHO_REQ message contains the
'N_Recommended' field which contains information related to neighbor base
stations to which the MSS 600 can be handed over, from among the neighbor base
stations of the MSS 600, taking into consideration the service which is currently
being provided to the MSS 600. The N_Reconunded information includes


-21-
identifiers (Neighbor BS-IDs) of neighbor base stations to which the MSS 600
can be handed over and service level prediction information. The serving base
station 610 may configure the MOB_BSHO_REQ message such that the neighbor
base stations are ordered according to the priority of the service level prediction.
5 The service level prediction information indicates the quantity of service which
can be provided by the neighbor base stations from among the services currently
being provided to the MSS 600. The service level prediction information may
be defined as follows.
Service Level Prediction = 2 : it is possible to provide all of the services.
10 Service Level Prediclion = 1 : it is possible to provide a porton of the
Service.
Service Level Prediction = 0 : it is not possible to provide any of the
Service.
The MSS 600 having received the MOB_BSHO_REQ message scans the
15 CTNRs of the pilot channel signals of neighbor base stations, that is, the first and
second neighbor base stations 620 and 630, recorded in the MOB_BSHO_REQ
message in step 627. Whether the CINR of the pilot channel signal is measured or
'a scanning for the CINR of the pilot channel signal is scanned or performed, both
results is determing the CINR. In addition, when the MSS 600 receives the
20 MOB_BSHO_REQ message in which neighbor base stations are ordered
according to the priority of the service level prediction as described above, the
MSS 600 scans the CTNRs of the pilot channel signals of the neighbor base
stations according to the priority. Thereafter, the MSS 600 transmits to the
serving base station 610 an MSS handover response ('MOB_MSSHO_RSP')
25 message in which the scanned CINRs of the pilot channel signals of the neighbor
base stations are contained in step 629.
A procedure in which the MSS 600 measures the CINRs of the pilot
channel signals of the neighbor base stations according to the reception of the
MOB_BSHO_REQ message and transmits an MSS handover response
30 ('MOB_MSSHO_RSP') message including the result of the measurement to the
serving base station 610 will be described in detail later. The MSS 600 may
select a target base station to which the MSS 600 is handed over with reference to
the measurement result of the CINRs of the pilot channel signals of the neighbor
base stations and/or the Service Level Prediction. In this case, the MSS 600
35 transmits to the serving base station 610the MOB_MSSHO_RSP message
and/or the CINR with respect to the selected target base
station.
The configuration of the MOB_MSSHO_RSP message is shown in Table

10.

-22-

As shown in Table 10, the MOB_MSSHO_RSP message includes the
CNRs of the neighbor base station measured by the MSS 600 and the Service
5 Level Predcition information of neighbor base station which which is recognized
through the reception the serving base station 610. That is, the Service
Level Prediction has the value as that of the Service Level Prediction
included in the MOB_BSHO_REQ message. When the MSS 600 selects a
target base station as described above, a measured result for the CINR with
10 respect to the selected target base station, instead of measured measured result for the
CINR of neighbor base in the MOB_BSHO_REQ massage, is
contained in the MOB_MSSHO_RSP message. In FIG. 6, it is assumed that the
MSS 600 selects the second neighbor to base station 630 as a target base station.
When the serving base station 610 receives the MOB_MSSHO_RSP
15 message, the serving base station 610 recognizes that a target base station to
which, the MSS 600 will be handed over to is the second neighbor base station
630 and transmits in step 631 a handover notification confirmation
('HO_notification_confirm') message representing that the MSS 600 will be
handed OVER to the second neighbor base station 630. The configuration of the
20 HO_notifiication_confirm message is shown in Table 11.


-23-

As shown in Table 11, the HO_notificalion_confum message includes a
plurality of IEs, that is, the identifier of the MSS to be handed over to the selected
target base station, and the bandwidth and the QoS level information requested by
5 the MSS 600 to the target base station when the MSS 600 is handed over to the
target base station. When the second neighbor base station 630 receives the
HO_notification_confinn message, the second neighbor base station 630 may
assign a frequency band or/and a ranging code to the MSS 600 to enable the MSS
600 to transmit the RNG_REQ message through an UL_MAP message for a
10 predetermined period of time so that the MSS 600 can perform a fast handover to
the second neighbor base station 630. Assigning a frequency band or/and a
ranging code so that the MSS 600 can transmit the RNG_REQ message is defined
as assigning 'Fast Ranging_IE'.
The MSS 600 transmits a handover indication ('HO_IND') message to
15 the serving base station 610, thereby informing the serving base station 610 that
the MSS 600 starts a handover procedure to the second neighbor base station 630
which, is a target base station in step 613. The configuration of the HO_IND


-24-

As shown in Table 12, the HO_IND message includes a plurality of IEs,
that is. the "Management Message Type' representing the type of the transmitted
message, an identifier of the target base station finally-selected by the MSS, and
5 other information (e.g., TLV Encoded Information) representing information
other than the above-mentined information.
The serving base station 610 having received the H0_IND message from
the MSS 600 releases a link currently-setup with the serving base station 610 in
step 635. In this way, when the link between the MSS 600 and the serving base
10 station 610 is released, the MSS 600 performs a handover to the second neighbor
base station 630. That is, the MSS 600 receives an UL_MAP message including
a Fast_Raaging_IE transmitted from the second neighbor base station 630 in step
637, and then transmits an RNG_REQ message to the second neighbor base
station 630 using the Fast, Ranging_IE in step 639. The second neighbor base
15 station 630 having received the RNG_REQ message transmits to the MSS 600 a
ranging response ('RNGRSP') message which includes information about
compensation for frequency, time, and transmission power for the ranging in step
641. The MSS 600 having received the RNG_RSP message in this way
performs an initial network entry operation with the second neighbor base station
20 630 in step 643.
FIG. 7 is a flow diagram illustrating a handover procedure resulting from
the request of a serving base station according to the second embodiment of the
present invention.
Referring to FIG 7, the handover procedure illustrated in FIG 7 basically
25 includes the same step as those included in the handover procedure described
with to FIG 6, but is different in that the serving base station 610
selects a target base station to which the MSS 600 will be handed over to as
compared with the handover procedure illustrated in FIG. 6. That is, operations
for steps 711 to 727 illustrated in FIG. 7 are the same as those of steps 611 to 627
30 illustrated in FIG 6, and also operations for steps 735 to 745 illustrated in FIG. 7
are the same as those of steps 633 to 643 illustrated in FIG. 6. However, since
FIG. 7 illustrates a case in which it is not the MSS 600 but the serving base station
610 that selects a target base station, the handover procedure illustrated in FIG. 7
further includes a step of transmitting a base station handover response


-25-
('MOB_BSHO_RSP') message to notify the MSS 600 of a target base station
selected by the serving base station 610. In addition, the operation of step 729 is
different from the operation of step 629 described with reference to FIG. 6.
The MSS 600 inserts the CiNRs of the pilot channel signals and/or the
5 Service Level Predictions of the neighbor base stations, the first and second
neighbor base stations 620 and 630, to which the MSS 600 can be handed over,
into an MOB_MSSHO_RSP message, and transmits the MOB_MSSHO_RSP
message to the serving base station 610 in step 729, The serving base station
610 selects a target base station to which the MSS 600 will be handed over, with
10 reference to the CINRs of the pilot channel signals and the Service Level
Predictions of the first and second neighbor base stations 620 and 630, which are
contained in the MOB_MSSHO_RSP message. In the handover procedure
illustrated in FIG 7, it is also assumed that the second neighbor base station 630
is selected as a target base station, like that in the case illustrated in FIG. 6, Then.
15 in step 733, the serving base station 610 transmits to the MSS 600 a
MOB_BSHO_RSP message representing that the second neighbor base station
630 is selected as a target base station. The configuration of the
MOB_BSHO_RSP message is shown in Table 13.

20
As shown in Table 13, the MOB__BSHO_RSP message includes a
plurality of IEs, that is, the 'Management Message Type' representing the type of
a transmitted message, an expected start tune of a handover procedure, and
information about a target base station selected by the serving base station.
25 FIG. 8 is a flowchart illustrating an operation procedure of a serving base


-26-
station for performing a handover according to the first embodiment of the
present invention.
First, in step 811, the serving base station 610 determines a handover of
the MSS 600 and then proceeds to step 813. In step 813, the serving base station
5 610 transmits an HO notification message to neighbor base stations, that is, a
first neighbor base station 620, a second neighbor base station 630, and a third
neighbor base station 640 of the MSS 600 and then proceeds to step 815. In step
815, the serving base Elation 610 receives HO_notification_tesponse messages
from the first, second, and third neighbor base stations 620, 630, and 640 in
10 response to the HO_notification message and then proceeds to step 817, In step
817, the serving base station 610 selects the neighbor base stations, that is, the
first and second neighbor base stations 620 and 630 to which the MSS 60O can be
handed over, with reference to Service Level Predictions received from the first.
second, and third neighbor base stations 620, 630, and 640, transmits a
15 MOB_BSHO_REQ message containing information related to the selected first
and second neighbor base stations 620 and 630 to the MSS 600, and proceeds to
step 819.
In step 819, the serving base station 610 receives from the MSS 600 an
MOB_MSSHO_RSP message including information related to the second
20 neighbor base station 630 which is a target base station and then proceeds to step
821. According to the first embodiment of the present, since the MSS 600
selects a target base station, the MOB_MSSHO_RSP message includes
information related to the second neighbor base station 630 which is a target base
station selected by the MSS 600. In step 821, the serving base station 610
25 transmits an HO_notification_confirm message to the second neighbor base
station 630 and then proceeds to step 823, In step 823, the serving base station
610 receives an HO_IND message from the MSS 600 and then proceeds to step
825. The serving base station 610 having received the HO_IND message
recognizes that the MSS 600 has been handed over to the second neighbor base
30 station 630 and releases a link currently-setup with the MSS 600 in step 825,
thereby ending the operation procedure.
FIG. 9 is a flowchart illustrating an operation procedure of a serving base
station for performing a handover according to the second embodiment of the
present invention.
35 Before a description of FIG 9, it should be noted that the first
embodiment and the second embodiment of the present invention include
basically the same operation steps, A difference between the two embodiments
is whether a target base station, to which the MSS 600 will be handed over, is
determined by the MSS 600 itself or by the serving base station 610. Therefore,


-27-
the operation procedure of the serving base station 610 illustrated in FIG. 9 is
basically the same as that of the serving base station 610 described with reference
to FIG 8, but is different in determining a target base station as compared with
that of FIG. 8. That is. the operations for steps 911 to 917 illustrated in FIG 9
5 are the same as those of steps 811 to 817 described with reference to FIG 8, and
also the operations for steps 925 to 929 illustrated in FIG 9 are the same as those
of steps 821 to 825 described with reference to FIG. 8.
In FIG 9, since a target base station is selected by the serving base station
610 and not by the MSS 600 as in FIG 8, the serving base station 610 receives an
10 MOB_MSSHO_RSP message including the CTNRs of the pilot channel signals
and/or Service Level Predictions of all of the first, second, and third neighbor
base stations 620, 630, and 640 in step 919, and then proceeds to step 921. In
step 921, the serving base station 610 determines the second neighbor base station
630 to be a target base station to which the MSS 600 will be handed over with
15 reference to the CINRs of the pilot channel signals and/or Service Level
Predictions of all of the first and second neighbor base stations 620 and 630
which are included in the MOB_MSSHO_RSP message, and then proceeds to
step 923. In step 923, the serving base station 610 inserts information related to
the determined target base station, that is, the second neighbor base station 630,
20 into a MOB_BSHO_RSP message and transmits the MOB_BSHO_RSP message
to the MSS 600.
FIG 10 is a flowchart illustrating an operation procedure of an MSS for
performing a handover according to the first embodiment of the present invention.

First, in step 1011, the MSS 600 receives a DL_MAP message from the
25 serving base station 610 to detect the downlink information and then proceeds to
step 1013. In step 1013, the MSS 500 receives an UL_MAP message from the
serving base station 610 to detect the uplink information and then proceeds to step
1015. The MSS 600, having detected the downlink and the uplink information
in this way, iransmits/receives data to/from the serving base station 610 in step
30 1015 and proceeds to step 1017. In step 1017, the MSS 600 determines whether
or not the MSS 600 receives a MOB_BSHO_REQ message from the serving base
station 610. As a result of the determination, when the MSS 600 does not
receive the MOB_BSHO_REQ message, the MSS 600 returns to step 1011. In
contrast, when the MSS 600 receives the MOB_BSHO_REQ message, the MSS
35 600 proceeds to step 1019,
In step 1019, the MSS 600 orders the neighbor base stations included in
the M0B_BSH0_REQ message according to a priority of the QoS levels of the
neighbor base stations and then proceeds to step 1021. In step 1021, the MSS
600 initializes the value of parameter 'i' (representing the number of neighbor


-28-
base stations) to zero, initializes the value of parameter 'Active_Count' to zero,
and procecds to step 1023. Herein, the Active_Count is a parameter
representing the number of neighbor base stations having a CINR exceeding a
predetermined threshold CINR from among the neighbor base stations. In step
5 1023, the MSS 600 determines whether or not the CINR of an ith neighbor base
station exceeds the threshold CINR. As a result of the determination, when the
CINR of the ith neighbor base station does not exceed the threshold CINR. the
MSS 600 proceeds to step 1025, In step 1025, the MSS 600 adds one to the
value of parameter 'i'(i = i+ 1) and then returns to step 1021.
10 In contrast, when the CINR of the ith neighbor base station exceeds the
threshold CINR, the MSS 600 proceeds Eo step 1027. In step 1027, the MSS
600 adds one to the value of parameter 'ActiveCount' (AcliveCount =
Active_Count + 1) and then proceeds to step 1029. In step 1029, the MSS 600
determines whether or not the value of parameter 'Active Count' is equal to or
15 greater than the value of 'Active_SET' which represents the number of neighbor
base stations making up an active set of the MSS 600. As a result of the
determination, when the value of parameter 'Active_Count' is less than the value
of 'Active_SET which represents the number of neighbor base stations making
up an active set of the MSS 600, the MSS 600 returns to step 1025.
20 In contrast, when the value of parameter 'Active_Count' is equal to or
greater than the value of 'ActiveSET', the MSS 600 proceeds to step 1031.
The Active_SET is a value established for limiting the number of target base
stations. For instance, when the value of the Active_SET is '3' and the number
of target base stations to which the MSS 600 can be handed over to is '5', three
25 target base stations from among the five target base stations are selected. In step
1031, the MSS 600 determines a neighbor base station, that is, the second
neighbor base station 630, from among neighbor base stations having a CINR
exceeding the threshold CINR to be a target base station, transmits an
MOB_MSSHO_RSP message including information about the determined target
30 base station to the serving base station 610, and proceeds to step 1033. In step
1033, the MSS 600 transmits an HO_IND message to the serving base station 610
and then proceeds to step 1035.
In stop 1035, the MSS 600 changes its center frequency to the frequency
of the target base station, that is, the second neighbor base station 630, and then
35 proceeds to step 1037. In step 1037, the MSS 600 receives a DL_MAP message
from the second neighbor base station 630 to detect the downlink information and
then proceeds to step 1039. In step 1039, the MSS 600 receives an UL_MAP
message from the second neighbor base station 630 to detect the uplink
information and then proceeds to step 1041. The MSS 600 laving detected the


-29-
downlink and the uplink information in this way transmits/receives data to/from
the second neighbor base station 630. thereby ending the handover procedure.
Of course, it is possible that the MSS 600 performs a handover to another
neighbor base slarion while the MSS 600 is transmitting/receiving data to/from
5 the second neighbor base station 630. It should be noted lhat only one handover
procedure is illustrated in FIG. 10 for convenience of description.
FIG 11 is a flowchart illustrating the first operation procedure of an MSS
for performing a handover according to the second embodiment of the present
invention.
10 Referring to FIG. 11, since operations for steps 1111 to 1117 illustrated in
FIG 11 are the same as those of steps 1011 to 1017 described with reference to
FIG 10 and also operations for steps 1125 to 1133 illustrated in FIG. 11 are the
same as those of steps 1033 to 1041 described with reference to FIG 10, a
description about these operations will be omitted.
15 First, as a result of a determination in step 1117, when the MSS 600
receives the MOS_BSHO_REQ message from the serving base station 610, the
MSS 000 proceeds to step 1119. In step 1119, the MSS 600 measures the
CINRs with respect to neighbor base stations included in the M0B_BSHO_REQ
message and then proceeds to step 1121. In step 1121, the MSS 600 transmits
20 an MOB_MSSHO_RSP message including the CINRs measured with respect to
the neighbor base stations to the serving base station 610 and then proceeds to
step 1123. In step 1123, the MSS 600 receives a MOB_BSHO_RSP message
from the serving base station 610 and then proceeds to step 1125. in step 1125,
the MSS 600 which detects from the MOB_BSHO_RSP message information
25 related to a target base station, lhat is, the second neighbor base station 630, to
which the MSS 600 will be handed over, transmits an HO_IND message to the
serving base station 610, and then proceeds to step 1127. Of course, it is
possible that the MSS 600 performs a handover to another neighbor base station
while the MSS 600 is transmitting/receiving data to/from the second neighbor
30 base station 630. It should be noted lhat only one handover procedure is
illustrated in FIG 11 for convenience of description.
FIG 12 is a flowchart illustrating the second operation procedure of an
MSS for performing a handover according to the second embodiment of the
present invention.
35 Since operations for steps 1211 to 1229 illustrated in FIG. 12 are the same
as those of steps 1011 to 1029 described with reference to FIG 10 and also
operations for steps 1235 to 1243 illustrated in FIG, 12 are the same as those of
steps 1033 to 1041 described with reference to FIG 10, a description about these
operations will be omitted.

stallon controls a handover of the MSS, the serving base station notifies the MSS
of the neighbor base stations to which the MSS can be handed over, so that the
present invention has an advantage of minimising load and power consumption
caused by scanning pilot channel signals in the MSS.

We Claim:
1. A method for controlling a handover by a serving base station (BS) in a
broadband wireless access communication system, the method comprising
the steps of:
determining to perform a handover of a mobile subscriber station
(MSS);
transmitting, to neighbor BSs, information related to service
provided from the serving BS to the MSS;
receiving, from the neighbor BSs, information related to service
which can be provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS:
transmitting, to the MSS, a handover request signal containing
service level prediction information related to a quantity of service which
can be provided by each of selected neighbor BSs, from among the
neighbor BSs, from among the services currently being provided to the
MSS;
receiving, from the MSS, a handover response signal containing
information on a target BS selected by the MSS among the selected
neighbor BSs; and
transmitting, to the target BS, a handover notification confirm
message, wherein the selected neighbor BSs are selected from among the
neighbor BSs using the information related to service which can be

provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS, and wherein the service level
prediction information comprises one of a first information, a second
information, and a third information, the first information indicates that it
is possible to provide all of the services, the second information indicates
that it is possible to provide a portion of the services, and the third
information indicates that it is not possible to provide any of the services.
2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the information on a target BS
selected by the MSS among the selected neighbor BSs includes a base
station identifier (BSID) of the target BS, service level prediction
information of the target BS, and a scanned Carrier to Interference and
Noise Ratio (CINR) of a pilot channel signal received from the target BS.
3. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the information related to
service provided from the serving BS to the MSS includes an MSS unique
identifier of the MSS, information on a required bandwidth (BW) is
required by the MSS, and information on a required quality of service
(QoS) requested from the MSS to the neighbor BSs.

4. The method as claimed in claim '1, wherein the information related to
service which can be provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS comprises
an MSS unique identifier of the MSS, a bandwidth and a quality of service
(QoS) level to be provided by each neighbor BS when the MSS is handed
over to a correspondent neighbor BS, and ACK/NACK response
representing whether or not each neighbor BS can perform a handover
according to the request of the MSS.
5. A method for controlling a handover by a mobile subscriber station(MSS)
in a broadband wireless access communication system, the method
comprising the steps of:
receiving, from a serving base station(BS), a handover request
message including service level prediction information related to a
quantity of service which can be provided by each of selected neighbor
BSs, from among the neighbor BSs, from among services currently being
provided to the MSS;
scanning Carrier to Interference and Noise Ratios(CINRs) of pilot channel
signals received from the selected neighbor BSs;
selecting a target BS from among the selected neighbor BSs based on
the service level prediction information and the scanned CINRs; and

transmitting, to the serving BS, a handover response message
containing information on the target BS,
wherein the selected neighbor BSs are selected from among the neighbor BSs
using information related to service which can be provided by the neighbor
BSs to the MSS, and wherein the service level prediction information
comprises one of a first information, a second information, and a third
information, the first information indicates that it is possible to provide all of
the services, the second information indicates that it is possible to provide a
portion of the services, and the third information indicates that it is not
possible to provide any of the services.
6. The method as claimed in claim 5, wherein the information related to
service which can be provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS comprises
an MSS unique identifier of the MSS, a bandwidth and a quality of service
(Qos) level to be provided by each neighbor BS when the MSS is handed
over to a correspondent neighbor BS, and ACK/NACK response
representing whether or not each neighbor BS can perform a handover
according to the request of the MSS.

7. The method as claimed in claim 5, wherein the information on the target
BS comprises a base station identifier (BSID) of the target BS, service
level prediction information of the target BS, and a scanned CINR of a
pilot channel signal received from the target BS.
8. A method for controlling a handover by a serving base station (BS) in a
broadband wireless access communication system, the method comprising
the steps of:
determining to perform a handover of a mobile subscriber
station(MSS);
transmitting, to neighbor BSs, information related to service
provided from the serving BS to the MSS;
receiving, from the neighbor BSs, information related to service
which can be provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS;
transmitting, to the MSS, a handover request signal containing
service level prediction information related to a quantity of service which
can be provided by each of selected neighbor BSs, from among the
neighbor BSs, from among the services currently being provided to the
MSS;

receiving, from the MSS, a first handover response signal containing
information comprising the service level prediction information of each of
the selected neighbor BSs;
selecting a target BS based on the information contained in the first
handover response signal;
transmitting, to the target BS, a handover notification confirm
message;
transmitting, to the MSS, a second handover response signal
containing information on the target BS; and
receiving, from the MSS, a handover indication message,
wherein the selected neighbor BSs are selected from among the neighbor BSs
using the information related to service which can be provided by the
neighbor BSs to the MSS, and wherein the service level prediction information
comprises one of a first information, a second information, and a third
information, the first information indicates that it is possible to provide all of
the services, the second information indicates that it is possible to provide a
portion of the services, and the third information indicates that it is not
possible to provide any of the services.

9. The method as claimed in claim 8, wherein the information contained in
the first handover response message comprises the service level
prediction information of each of the selected neighbor BSs and scanned
Carrier to Interference and Noise Ratios (CINRs) of pilot channel signals
received from the selected neighbor BSs.
10.The method as claimed in claim 8, wherein the information related to
service provided from the serving BS to the MSS comprises an MSS unique
identifier of the MSS, information on a required bandwidth (BW) is
required by the MSS, and information on a required quality of service
(QoS) requested from the MSS to the neighbor BSs.
11.The method as claimed in claim 8, wherein the information related to
service which can be provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS comprises
an MSS unique identifier of the MSS, a bandwidth and a quality of service
(QoS) level to be provided by each neighbor BS when the MSS is handed
over to a correspondent neighbor BS, and ACK/NACK response
representing whether or not each neighbor BS can perform a handover
according to the request of the MSS.

12. The method as claimed in claim 8, wherein the information on the target
BS includes a base station identifier (BSID) of the target BS, service level
prediction information of the target BS, a scanned CINR of a pilot channel
signal received from the target BS, and an expected start time of the
handover.
13.A method for controlling a handover by a mobile subscriber station (MSS)
in a broadband wireless access communication system, the method
comprising the steps of:
receiving, from a serving base station (BS), a handover request signal
containing information related to a quantity of service which can be
provided by each of selected neighbor BSs, from among the neighbor BSs,
from among services currently being provided to the MSS;
scanning Carrier to Interference and Noise Ratios(CINRS) of pilot
channel signals received from the selected neighbor BSs;
transmitting, to the serving BS, a first handover response signal
containing information comprising the service level prediction information
of each of the selected neighbor BSs and the scanned CINRs;

receiving, from the serving BS, a second handover response signal
containing information on a target BS to which the MSS is handed over;
and
transmitting, to the serving BS, a handover indication message,
wherein the selected neighbor BSs are selected from among the neighbor BSs
using the information related to service which can be provided by the
neighbor BSs to the MSS, and wherein the service level prediction information
comprises one of a first information, a second information, and a third
information, the first information indicates that it is possible to provide all of
the services, the second information indicates that it is possible to provide a
portion of the services, and the third information indicates that it is not
possible to provide any of the services.
14.The method as claimed in claim 13, wherein the information on the target
BS comprises a base station identifier (BSID) of the target BS, service
level prediction information of the target BS, a scanned CINR of a pilot
channel signal received from the target BS, and an expected start time of
the handover.

15.The method as claimed in claim 13, wherein the information related to
service which can be provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS comprises
an MSS unique identifier of the MSS, a bandwidth and a quality of service
(QoS) level to be provided by each neighbor BS when the MSS is handed
over to a correspondent neighbor BS, and ACK/NACK response
representing whether or not each neighbor BS can perform a handover
according to the request of the MSS.
16. A system for controlling a handover in a broadband wireless access
communication system, the system comprising:
a mobile subscriber station (MSS); and
a serving base station (BS) for determining to perform the MSS,
transmitting, to neighbor BSs, information related to service provided from
the serving BS to the MSS, receiving, from the neighbor BSs, information
related to service which can be provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS,
transmitting, to the MSS, a handover request signal containing service
level prediction information related to a quantity of service which can be
provided by each of selected neighbor BSs, from among the neighbor BSs,
from among the services currently being provided to the MSS, receiving,
from the MSS, a handover response signal containing information on a

target BS selected by the MSS among the selected neighbor BSs, and
transmitting, to the target BS, a handover notification confirm message,
wherein the selected neighbor BSs are selected from among the neighbor
BSs using the information related to service which can be provided by the
neighbor BSs to the MSS wherein the service level prediction information
comprises one of a first information, a second information, and a third
information, the first information indicates that it is possible to provide all
of the services, the second information indicates that it is possible to
provide a portion of the services, and the third information indicates that
it is not possible to provide any of the services.
17.The system as claimed in claim 16, wherein the information on a target BS
selected by the MSS among the selected neighbor BSs comprises a base
station identifier (BSID) of the target BS, service level prediction
information of the target BS, and a scanned Carrier to Interference and
Noise Ratio (CINR) of a pilot channel signal received from the target BS.
18.The system as claimed in claim 16, wherein the information related to
service provided from the serving BS to the MSS comprises an MSS unique
identifier of the MSS, information on a required bandwidth (BW) is
required by the MSS, and information on a required quality of service
(QoS) requested from the MSS to the neighbor BSs.

19.The system as claimed in claim 16, wherein the information related to
service which can be provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS comprises
an MSS unique identifier of the MSS, a bandwidth and a quality of service
(QoS) level to be provided by each neighbor BS when the MSS is handed
over to a correspondent neighbor BS, and ACK/NACK response
representing whether or not each neighbor BS can perform a handover
according to the request of the MSS.
20. A system for controlling a handover in a broadband wireless access
communication system, the system comprising:
a serving base station (BS): and
a mobile subscriber station (MSS) for receiving, from a serving base
station(BS), a handover request signal containing service level prediction
information related to a quantity of service which can be provided by each
of selected neighbor BSs, from among the neighbor, BSs, from among
services currently being provided to the MSS, scanning Carrier to
Interference and Noise Ratios(CINRs) of pilot channel signals received
from the selected neighbor BSs, selecting a target BS from among the
selected neighbor BSs based on the service level prediction information

and the scanned CINRs, and transmitting, to the serving BS, a handover
response signal comprising information on the target BS,
wherein the selected neighbor BSs are selected from among the neighbor BSs
using information related to service which can be provided by the neighbor
BSs to the MSS, and wherein the service level prediction information
comprises one of a first information, a second information, and a third
information, the first information indicates that it is possible to provide all of
the services, the second information indicates that it is possible to provide a
portion of the services, and the third information indicates that it is not
possible to provide any of the services.
21.The system as claimed in claim 20, wherein the information on the target
BS comprises a base station identifier (BSID) of the target BS, service
level prediction information of the target BS, and a scanned CINR of a
pilot channel signal received from the target BS.
22.The system as claimed in claim 20, wherein the information related to
service which can be provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS comprises
an MSS unique identifier of the MSS, a bandwidth and a quality of service
(QoS) level to be provided by each neighbor BS when the MSS is handed
over to a correspondent neighbor BS, and ACK/NACK response
representing whether or not each neighbor BS can perform a handover
according to the request of the MSS.

23.A system for controlling a handover in a broadband wireless access
communication system, the system comprising:
a mobile subscriber station(MSS); and
a serving base station(BS) for determining to perform a handover
of the MSS, transmitting, to neighbor BSS, information related to service
provided from the serving BS to the MSS, receiving, from the neighbor
BSs, information related to service which can be provided by the neighbor
BSs to the MSSs, transmitting, to the MSS, a handover request signal
containing service level prediction information related to a quantity of
service which can be provided by each of selected neighbor BSs, from
among the neighbor BSs, from among the services currently being
provided to the MSS, receiving, from the MSS, a first handover response
message containing information comprising the service level prediction
information of each of the selected neighbor BSs, selecting a target based
on the information contained in the first handover response signal,
transmitting, to the target BS, a handover notification confirm message,
transmitting, to the MSS, a second handover response signal containing
information on the target BS, and receiving, from the MSS, a handover
indication message, wherein the selected neighbor BSs are selected from
among the neighbor BSs using the information related to service which

can be provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS, wherein the service level
prediction information comprises one of a first information, a second information,
and a third information, the first information indicates that it is possible to
provide all of the services, the second information indicates that it is possible to
provide a portion of the services, and the third information indicates that it is not
possible to provide any of the services.
24. The system as claimed in claim 23, wherein the information contained in the
first handover response signal comprises the service level prediction information
of each of the selected neighbor BSs and scanned Carrier to Interference and
Noise Ratios (CINRs) of pilot channel signals received from the selected neighbor
BSs.
25. The system as claimed in claim 23, wherein the information on the target BS
comprises a base station identifier (BSID) of the target BS, service level
prediction information of the target BS, a scanned CINR of a pilot channel signal
received from the target BS, and an expected start time of the handover.
26. The system as claimed in claim 23, wherein the information related to service
provided from the serving BS to the MSS comprises an MSS unique identifier of
the MSS, information on a required bandwidth (BW) is required by the MSS, and
information on a required quality of service (QoS) requested from the MSS to the
neighbor BSs.

27. The system as claimed in claim 23, wherein the information related to service
which can be provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS comprises an MSS unique
identifier of the MSS, a bandwidth and a quality of service (QoS) level to be
provided by each neighbor BS when the MSS is handed over to a correspondent
neighbor BS, and ACK/NACK response representing whether or not each
neighbor BS can perform a handover according to the request of the MSS.
28. A system for controlling a handover in a broadband wireless access
communication system, the system comprising:
a serving base station(BS); and
a mobile subscriber station(MSS) for receiving, from the serving BS, a
handover request signal containing information related to a quantity of service
which can be provided by each of selected neighbor BSs, from among the
neighbor BSs, from among services currently being provided to the MSS,
scanning Carrier to Interference and Noise Ratios(CINRs) of pilot channel signals
received from the selected neighbor BSs, transmitting, to the serving BS, a first
handover response signal containing information comprising the service level
prediction information of each of the selected neighbor BSs and the scanned
CINRs, receiving, from the serving BS, a second handover response message
including information on a target BS to which the MSS is handed over, and
transmitting, to the serving BS, a handover indication message,

wherein the selected neighbor BSs are selected from among the neighbor BSs
using information related to service which can be provided by the neighbor BSs
to the MSS, and wherein the service level prediction information comprises one
of a first information, a second information, and a third information, the first
information indicates that it is possible to provide all of the services, the second
information indicates that it is possible to provide a portion of the services, and
the third information indicates that it is not possible to provide any of the
services.
29. The system as claimed in claim 28, wherein the information on the target BS
comprises a base station identifier (BSID) of the target BS, service level
prediction information of the target BS, a scanned CINR of a pilot channel signal
received from the target BS, and an expected start time of the handover.
30. The system as claimed in claim 28, wherein the information related to service
which can be provided by the neighbor BSs to the MSS comprises an MSS unique
identifier of the MSS, a bandwidth and a quality of service (QoS) level to be
provided by each neighbor BS when the MSS is handed over to a correspondent
neighbor BS, and ACK/NACK response representing whether or not each
neighbor BS can perform a handover according to the request of the MSS.

Documents:

00746-kolnp-2006-abstract.pdf

00746-kolnp-2006-claims.pdf

00746-kolnp-2006-description complete.pdf

00746-kolnp-2006-drawings.pdf

00746-kolnp-2006-form 1.pdf

00746-kolnp-2006-form 2.pdf

00746-kolnp-2006-form 3.pdf

00746-kolnp-2006-form 5.pdf

00746-kolnp-2006-gpa.pdf

00746-kolnp-2006-international exm report.pdf

00746-kolnp-2006-international publication.pdf

00746-kolnp-2006-international search report.pdf

00746-kolnp-2006-pct request.pdf

746-KOLNP-2006-ABSTRACT.pdf

746-KOLNP-2006-AMANDED CLAIMS.pdf

746-KOLNP-2006-CORRESPONDENCE.pdf

746-KOLNP-2006-FORM-27.pdf

746-KOLNP-2006-OTHERS.pdf

abstract-00746-kolnp-2006.jpg


Patent Number 245264
Indian Patent Application Number 746/KOLNP/2006
PG Journal Number 02/2011
Publication Date 14-Jan-2011
Grant Date 11-Jan-2011
Date of Filing 28-Mar-2006
Name of Patentee SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
Applicant Address 416, MAETAN-DONG, YEONGTONG-GU, SUWON-SI, GYEONGGI-DO REPUBLIC OF KOREA
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 JUNG-JE SON #401-905, 181, SANGNOKMAEUL BOSEONG APT., JEONGJA-DONG, BUNDANG-GU, SEONGNAM-SI, GYEONGGI-DO, REPUBLIC OF KOREA
2 YEONG-MOON SON #102, JEONGWOOVILLA, 897-1, ANYANG 3-DONG, MANAN-GU, ANYANG-SI, GYEONGGI-DO, REPUBLIC OF KOREA
3 SUNG-JIN LEE #133-1701, HWANGGOLMAEUL, YEONGTONG-DONG, PALDAL-GU, SUWON-SI, GYEONGGI-DO, REPUBLIC OF KOREA
4 SO-HYUN KIM #531-1402, SHINAN APT., YEONGTONG-DONG, PALDAL-GU, SUWON-SI, GYEONGGI-DO, REPUBLIC OF KOREA
5 HYUN-JEONG KANG #203, DOGOKVILLA, 954-6, DOGOK 1-DONG, GANGNAM-GU, SEOUL, REPUBLIC OF KOREA
6 CHAN-HOI KOO 2ND FLOOR, 241-8, JEONGJA-DONG, BUNDANG-GU, SEONGNAM-SI, GYEONGGI-DO, REPUBLIC OF KOREA
PCT International Classification Number H04B 7/26
PCT International Application Number PCT/KR2004/002878
PCT International Filing date 2004-11-08
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 10-2003-0078820 2003-11-07 Republic of Korea