Title of Invention

METHOD FOR ACTIVATION OF PREPLANNED CIRCUITS IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS AND NETWORK IN ACCORDANCE WITH SAID METHOD

Abstract A method for activation of circuits in telecommunications networks comprises a first step in which circuits are preplanned in the network and local definition data are distributed to network members (NE) for connection of sections of the preplanned circuits. In a second step, when it is desired to activate a preplanned circuit, activation messages for the connection of sections making up the preplanned circuit to be activated and which are defined by the data previously distributed to the network members are propagated in the network in cascade among the network members affected by the preplanned circuit by means of overhead bytes of the frames circulating in the network. The data are made up of indexed tables defining pairs formed from 'next point (TP) to be connected' and 'index' to be propagated for the following cross-connection. A network functioning in accordance with the method is also proposed.
Full Text FORM 2
THE PATENTS ACT, 1970
(39 of 1970)
&
The Patents Rules, 2003
COMPLETE SPECIFICATION
(See section 10, rule 13)
"METHOD FOR ACTIVATION OF PREPLANNED
CIRCUITS IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS
AND NETWORK IN ACCORDANCE WITH SAID
METHOD"
MARCONI COMMUNICATIONS SPA of Via Lodovico Calda, 1-5-16153 Genova, Italy

The following specification particularly describes. t|he indention and the manner in which it is to be performed.

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"METHOD FOR ACTIVATION OF PREPLANNED CIRCUITS IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS AND NETWORK IN ACCORDANCE WITH SAID METHOD"
5 The present invention relates to a method for activating preplanned and in particular time-division multiplexed circuits in telecommunications networks such as for example SDH/SONET or OTN networks. In telecommunications networks it can be useful to define
10 the itinerary of a circuit and defer its implementation to when it is really necessary. Deferment of implementation allows definition of Multiple circuits on the same resources and, thanks to sharing, a resulting optimization of the use of the band amplitude.
15 in this context, the time interval passing between detection of the necessity and activation of the service can be critical.
A typical application, even if not the only one, is the preplanned shared reset in case of failure. Several reset
20 itineraries can be defined on the same resources. When a failure happens on a circuit, only the reset itinerary for that circuit has to be implemented and no conflicts are generated. Naturally, activation of the reset path is required to be the fastest possible to minimize the service break.
25 The concept of a control plan distributed in data transport networks recently received much attention (GMPLS, ASTN, et cetera). While this function helps in obtaining faster circuits as compared with centrally managed systems, it still relies on complex and flexible protocols implemented

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3
with software functions. For special purposes like critical circuit reset activation, often a distributed control plan is still not fast enough.
The general purpose of the present invention is to remedy
5 the above mentioned shortcomings by making available mechanisms which, after precalculation and distribution of the necessary data, allow fast activation of circuits by dedicated signaling on the overhead bytes of the frames used in the networks.
10 It should be noted that the present invention is not limited to reset of circuits although an example of this will be shown to clarify the invention. For the sake of simplicity, uses of the present invention for reset of circuits are described below but, just to offer an
15 alternative example, a fast crossbar function implemented
"on a transportation 'network might also be thought of. This
and other applications of the present invention are in any
case clear and easily imaginable to those skilled in the
art in the light of the description of the present
20 invention given below.
In view of this purpose it was sought to provide in accordance with the present invention a method for activation of circuits in telecommunications networks comprising the steps of preplanning circuits in the network
25 and distributing to network members local definition data on connection of sections of preplanned circuits and, when it is desired to activate a preplanned circuit, propagating in the network in cascade between network members affected by the preplanned circuit by means of overhead bytes of the

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frames circulating in the network, messages of activation of the connections of sections making up the preplanned circuit to be activated and which are defined by the data
previously distributed to the network members.
5 Again in accordance with the present invention it was sought to realize a telecommunications network comprising network members realizing cross-connections of sections of the network to realize preplanned circuits in accordance with the method claimed.
10 To clarify the explanation of the innovative principles of the present invention and its advantages compared with the prior art there are described below with the aid of the annexed drawings possible embodiments thereof by way of non-limiting example applying said principles. In the
15 drawings:
FIG 1 shows a network member such as a cross—connect in a transportation network,
FIG 2 shows a generic data table in accordance with the present invention,
20 FIG 3 shows diagrammatically a first structure for connection of two network members realized in accordance with the present invention,
FIG 4 shows diagrammatically a second structure for connection of two network members realized in accordance
25 with the present invention,
FIG 5 shows a first table describing the behavior of a source termination point,
FIG 6 shows a second table describing the behavior of a destination termination point,

5
^ FIG 7 shows a third table describing the behavior of a two- way termination point,
FIG 8 shows diagrammatically a graph of an example of simple reset applying the principles of the present invention, FIG 9 shows diagrammatically a graph of an example of a more complex reset applying the principles of the present invention, and
FIG 10 shows a summary of the data of the supporting and cross-connection tables associated with the example of FIG 9. Accordingly, the present invention provides a device for activation of circuits of a telecommunication network, said device comprising: a first means for preplanning the circuits in the network; a second means for generating and distributing to network members local definition data on connection of sections of preplanned circuits; wherein the local definition data consists of two parts constituting a pair, one member of the pair defining a cross-connection in the network member towards a subsequent circuit section to be activated and the other member of the pair defining an index which in the subsequent network member along the path of the circuit to be activated corresponds to the next pair of data to be employed for connecting a subsequent section of that circuit; and a third means for activating a preplanned circuit when desired by propagating in the network cascade between network members affected by the preplanned circuit by means of overhead bytes of the frames in the network, messages of activation of the connections of sections making up the preplanned circuit to be activated and which are defined by the data previously distributed to the network members.
In an embodiment of the present invention, the means for generating the local definition data distributed to the network member comprises a fourth means for generating an indexed table in which are formed the pairs of data, the index pointing to a table in the subsequent network member.

6
ln another embodiment of the present invention, the activation message is propagated toward a network member with the overhead bytes of the frame contains the index of the data pair in the table of that member which must be used, once reached, for tracing the connection data for the subsequent section.
In yet another embodiment of the present invention, the third means comprises a fifth means for activating, when it is desired, a default circuit starting from a network member.
Method in accordance with claim 1 or claim 2 in which when the need for deactivating a previously activated preplanned circuit is decided, a No Request message is propagated in the network by means of overhead bytes of the frames circulating in the network and the activation message is removed in cascade following the circuit to be deactivated.
With reference to the figures, FIG 1 shows as an example the functional diagram of a network member in a transportation network. In particular, the member designated as a whole by reference number 10 is a so-called cross-connect.
In this member the basic functions are realized by a commutation matrix 11, which is, a fast circuit specialized for the realization of cross-connections. The commutation matrix 11 connects the data flows 12,13 multiplexed on the ports 14,15 to create network level circuits.
As known, associated with a user data flow (drawn in heavier lines) there is overhead data (drawn in thinner lines), which can be processed by the port or the commutation matrix. This overhead information can be for example an alarm, an error rate indicator or a protection exchange coordination protocol. As seen below, a data flow is represented on the matrix by a termination point.
Ports 14, 15 and matrix 11 are controlled by a known

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M*
control unit 16, which is in general a unit based on an appropriately programmed general-purpose processor. The control unit 16 is connected to a centralized processing system and and/or to control units of other network members
5 (not shown). It implements the control and processing functions of the network and is responsible among other things for sending commands to the commutation matrix. A similar structure is known in the field and is, for example, the application of concepts described in the known
10 recommendations of standard ITU-T series G.
In accordance with the present invention the control unit preconfigores on the commutation matrix logic all the data necessary for realizing circuit activation, which it will be subsequently desired to implement rapidly.
15 For this purpose the network controllers will be coordinated through, for example, a known distributed control plan or a known centralized processing system. The behavior of this higher-level control is readily imaginable to those skilled in the art. It can be realized in various
20 known ways and is not further described or shown.
A main requirement is that the commutation matrix 11 be able to read and write overhead data in the flow. How this is done is known to those skilled in the art and not further described.
25 The procedure for exchange of signaling on the overhead bytes and the behavior of the new members for activating and deactivating circuits is described below. To avoid conflict, various cross-connections sharing the same resources can be preconfigured on the commutation

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8
matrix by means of the control unit to be implemented one at a time.
For this purpose, each termination point on the matrix keeps an indexed table. A termination point memorizes as
5 many lines in its table as there are preconfigured cross- connections from that termination point.
As shown in an example in FIG 2, each line in the table comprises two fields:
- the termination point identifier to which must be
10 connected the above-mentioned termination point
(Connection), and
- the index of the line in the table of the termination
point in the next network member (Next Index) .
In the examples below, to facilitate understanding of the
15 explanations, a segment of the table near the corresponding termination point in the network member (FIGS 3 and 4) is shown.
As the first example, let us consider the connection of FIG 3 in which are shown two network members NE1 and NE2, 20 which realize a network circuit segment. In particular, a circuit C traverses termination points TP5 and TP7 on the network member NE1 and TP3 and TP8 on the network member NE2.
As seen in FIG 3, in the two table segments for the points 25 TP5 and TP3, if TP3 on NE2 memorizes the cross-connection associated with this circuit on the fourth input to its table, then TP5 on NE1 must memorize TP7 as the connection (termination point for its local cross-connection) and 4 as the next index (input index for circuit C in the table of

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TP3 on NE2) .
To activate circuit C, an activation message must be received on NE1:TP5 (i.e. on termination point TP5 of the network member NE1) with indication of the input 2 into the
5 corresponding table.
After implementation of the cross-connection, NE1 propagates the message from TP7 replacing 2 with 4. Thus NE2, in turn, receives an activation message with indication of inlet 4 of the table on NE2:TP3, realizes the
10 cross-connection with TP8 and consequently propagates the message.
It should be noted that there is a sort of tag commutation. Within the connection between two adjacent nodes a circuit is represented by a tag, which is also, the index
15 associated with that circuit in the termination point table in the downstream node. Because of the reduced size of the data allowed on the overhead bytes, it is preferable to have small tags with local meaning (called here, 'indices') rather than global identifiers (for example, a single
20 circuit name).
Thus is obtained that a sequence of indices is used for signaling the entire path through the network. Clearly, the index in the downstream node must be known to the configuration entity before it can fulfill the input in
25 the node table upstream. This is not difficult for a control plan or a processing system and, as noted above, is readily imaginable to those skilled in the art in the light of the description given here and is outside the scope of the present invention.

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The use of a table in the entering node of the circuit in a network member realizes a data structure, which is usable for circuit activation in a one-way manner since the circuit must obligatorily be a path in the above direction 5 followed so that the data for each subsequent section to be connected are found as needed.
To allow two-way circuit activation with signaling in both directions, tables with dual data must be compiled. In the example of members connected as in FIG 3, the corresponding
10 data for the same circuit must also be placed in NE1:TP7 and NE2:TP8 as shown in FIG 4. In this manner the path can be followed in both directions.
As described below, a back cancellation operation can be useful for removing circuits unsuccessful in the upstream
15 direction. In one-way activation it is easy to follow a circuit partially activated on the cross-connections." Two different circuits might use the same connection (i.e. the same pair of termination points TP) in some node of the network. In this case, the same cross-connection must be
20 represented in two distinct inputs in the tables in that node. The two circuits might differ with each following its own path and, using either input into the table, different results are obtained. In the case of one-way or two—way data structures there are
25 different system behaviors in the network.
Basically, in the one-way behavior, a one-way circuit is activated by a chain of Activate messages along the circuit. The Activate message is associated with the appropriate input index as a parameter. Messages and

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parameters are written on the overhead bytes. When the departure node decides to cancel the circuit, it changes the activation message into a NoRequest message, the activation message is removed in cascade (following the 5 circuit path) and the circuit is cancelled.
If a conflict on the resources occurs during circuit activation, the decision of which circuit should be aborted is a local matter. The aborted circuit is cancelled backward by a "Clear" message. The Clear message follows
10 the circuit path. The Clear message always predominates on its corresponding Activate message and persists until the Activate message changes to No Request.
A formal description of one-way behavior is given here. In this description, a source termination point is
15 Characterized by:
- its connection status (Connected, Not connected),
- the request message which it emits (NoRequest, Activate (circuit)), and
- the answer message received referring thereto (NoAnswer,
20 Clear) .
A destination termination point is correspondingly characterized by:
- its connection status (Connected, Not connected),
- the request message which it receives (NoRequest, 25 Activate(circuit)), and
- the emitted answer message referring thereto (NoAnswer,
Clear).
In reality, in all practical applications, a source termination point always emits data while a destination

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termination point always receives them. Nevertheless, an answer received from a destination termination point is significant for the dialog of its corresponding source point and, vice versa, an answer emitted by a source 5 termination point is significant for the dialog of the corresponding destination point. For the sake of simplicity henceforward, with a small linguistic abuse, the phrase wa source termination point receives an answer" will mean "an answer is received for a source termination point on its
10 corresponding destination point" and the same simplification will apply to the other cases. A network member determines its own behavior depending on the whole of the .answer messages (on the sources) and request messages (on the destinations) it receives. In some
15 cases, multiple choices are possible. For example a network member could satisfy only one of a set of cross-connection activation requests toward the same point of departure. In these cases the decision is a local matter and can be managed with a plurality of known systems readily
20 imaginable to those skilled in the art and is beyond the scope of the present invention.
The table of FIG 5 describes the behavior of a source termination point. To avoid inconvenient notations for propagation of the
25 message, when a message with parameters is considered (see Activate message), a symbol representing the circuit is used in place of the table index. The symbol "-" indicates no value or no action. Analogously, the behavior of a destination termination

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point is defined by the table of FIG 6.
In the two-way case, the main difference with the one-way
case is that a circuit can be activated from both sides.
This requires more complex mechanisms for coordinating the 5 network.
To cancel a circuit by means of simple "NoRequest"
messages, the latter must be present on both sides. Only
one "Activate" on one side is sufficient for activating a
circuit. 10 If a conflict on a resource occurs during circuit
activation, the decision of which circuit should be aborted
is again a local question. The aborted circuit is cancelled
backward by means of a "Clear" message. The Clear message
follows the circuit path. 15 A Clear message can be combined with the activation request
(Activate message) of a different circuit on the same path.
This is useful for partially superimposed circuit
activation.
As in the one-way case, a formal description of the two-way 20 behavior is given here.
A two-way termination point is characterized by the
following:
- its connection status (Connected, Disconnected),
- the request message which it emits on the source side 25 (NoRequest, Activate(circuit)),
- the answer message which it receives on the source side
(NoAnswer, Clear),
- the request message which it receives on the destination
side (NoRequest, Activate(circuit)), and

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It
- the answer message, which it emits on the destination
side (NoAnswer, Clear).
Depending on the totality of answer messages and requests which it receives, a network member determines its own 5 behavior. In some cases, multiple choices are possible. For example, a network member could satisfy only one of a set of cross-connection activation requests to the same point of departure. Once more, in this case the decision is a local matter and is beyond the scope of the present
10 invention.
With the same notation as the one-way case, the table of FIG 7 describes the behaviors allowed the two—way termination points. In either the two-way or one—way case, it could happen that
15 all the alternative circuit activations share the same
"cross-connection on* some node. In this node, a by-pass
behavior can be advantageously applied to make activation
faster.
Simply, when a normal cross-connection is implemented
20 (declared "normal" a priori), the overhead bits are copied directly from the input termination point to the output termination point. As is readily imaginable at this point to those skilled in the art, implementation of the tables on the nearby nodes must allow for this to correctly fill
25 in the table inputs. In the light of the foregoing explanation, this is immediately realizable without further explanation.
The above description defines the activation mechanisms of a circuit through the various intermediate nodes. Clearly,

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to use these mechanisms, the behavior of the final node must be defined. This behavior can differ from one application to another and, on the basis of the description given here, can be imagined directly and easily by those 5 skilled in the art.
In any case, two examples in which even the final nodes are described are given below. In both examples, the application considered is the fast two-way reset. As written above, the present invention is not limited to this
10 type of application. EXAMPLE 1
This first example, which refers to FIG 8, shows a simple reset configuration. The description of the example includes both the normal activation and some exceptions to
15 show the use of the Clear message*
As may be seen in FIG 8, there are two circuits (ABC and GHI shown in heavier lines) protected by partially shared paths (respectively the paths ADEFC and GDEFI in broken lines). The sharing is in the DEF section.
20 The node E can implement any by-pass cross-connection since the implementation is necessarily the same for both protection paths. In the example, the existence of a two-way behavior is assumed. If the BC connection fails and the node C detects the
25 failure on the circuit ABC, the node C implements a bifurcation of the protection path as indicated by the Activate parameter circulated. The protection is thus promptly realized. If node A also detects the circuit failure, it

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simultaneously activates the same protection circuit from the opposite direction. In this case, no conflict is caused since the same protection is implemented.
If the connections BC and GH fail at the same time and the
5 nodes C and G detect the circuit failure, two activation requests depart from C toward F and from G toward D. After D and F have implemented their connections, two conflicting requests meet between D and F. A choice criterion must be set in advance to make the
10 correct choice and avoid a stall situation.
A simple choice criterion could be that of setting a precedence on the termination points. Following this criterion in the specific case of the example,- in the termination points in D towards F and in F towards D it
15 might be recorded that messages coming from D have the precedence over messages coming from F. Therefore, the Activate message coming from D wins and continues- The GDEFI circuit is implemented thus. On the other side, F sends a "Clear" message to cancel the
20 partially implemented protection starting from C and which has "lost" the encounter.
Naturally, as readily imaginable to those skilled in the art, various other criteria of choice can be predetermined depending on the needs and preferences of the network
25 manager. EXAMPLE 2
The second example, referring to the graph of FIG 9, shows a more complex fast reset configuration. For the sake of simplicity, only a normal activation is described.

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r*
In this example, each connection is assumed to have unitary capacity with all the matrixes of nodes which connect characteristic data of the same band amplitude. This implies a one-by-one mapping between ports and termination
5 points.
For the sake of convenience, a termination point on the generic node X towards the generic node Y is indicated by notation Xy. User access points are indicated by Greek letters, unique
10 in the entire network, but to facilitate the reference they are still indicated in the tables together with their corresponding node, for example Dy for the access point y on the node D. The protection paths shown in broken lines in FIG 9 are
15 also summarized in the following table and associated with the corresponding normal work path.

Work path Protection path
BCD BFGD
HIJ HFGJ
AEH ABFH
The protection paths are presumed to be configured in the
20 order shown in said table. This means that TMN or the control plan has configured the data support structures of the nodes in this order and nas caused appearance of the inputs in the respective tables as they are. The same data could be inserted in a different way provided they are
25 supplied in a consistent manner through the network.
Cross-connections and presettings for fast reset are given

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—Hr"
in FIG 10 (respectively in boldface and italics) where the data of the node tables significant for this example are summarized.
Let us suppose now that a failure occurs on the HI
5 connection and that the node H detects the failure of the connection HIJ on the termination point Hi. Because of this failure, the service on termination point He is struck. The table of FIG 10 indicates for the data memorized in the matrices of the node H that the section Hs-Hf must be
10 implemented for protection and that the message Activated) must be injected into the overhead bits.
The node F receives the request Activated) on the overhead bytes to the node Fh. The table of FIG 10 indicates that upon reception of Activate (1) on the node F the connection
15 Fh-Fg must be implemented and the message Activate(2) must be' propagated in Fg.
The node G receives the message Activate (2) on Gf. In accordance with the table of FIG 10, Gf-Gj is implemented and Activate(1) is propagated on the overhead Gj.
20 Lastly, the node J receives Activate (1) on the overhead Jg which is the connection Jg-J£ in the table of FIG 10. This closes the reset path HFGJ.
Since the above-mentioned connections are two-way, only one signaling direction is necessary. Assuming that the
25 overhead data are always terminated on intermediate nodes, the two signaling directions produce consistent results and detection of the failure on both ends halves reset time. It is now clear that the predetermined purposes have been achieved by making available a method and a network which,

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after precalculation and distribution of the necessary data, allow fast activation of circuits by means of dedicated signaling on the overhead bytes of the frames used in the network. 5 Thanks to the system in accordance with the present invention it is possible to preprocess a large amount of data. In this manner, the functions to be executed to activate a circuit can be made simple enough to be realized in firmware.
10 The invention described here allows activation times of a preprogrammed reset comparable with the few tens "of milliseconds which can be experienced typically in dedicated protection schemes by combining the benefits of distributed control algorithms (for example GMPLS) with
15 those of fast protocols on the overhead bytes (like APS) . The present invention can function either in a conventional environment based on TMN or in a more innovative distributed control system since it does not interfere with other schemes and can be configured by any off-line
20 mechanism.
The use of overhead bits ensures a dedicated signaling channel and therefore a much faster and predictable signaling time. Moreover, interpretation of these bits directly on the commutation matrix allows stepping over the
25 software controller, hence allowing a very short commutation time.
Naturally the above description of an embodiment applying the innovative principles of the present invention is given by way of non-limiting example of said principles within

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the scope of the exclusive right claimed here. Variants and additions can be thought of by applying even the normal solutions used in the use of the overhead bits for conventional applications. For example, to obtain the
5 highest speed, a dedicated path for signaling can even be used on the overhead bits of the circuit to be activated. In addition, various codings of the messages in the overhead bits can be chosen.

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CLAIMS
1. Method for activation of circuits in telecommunications
networks comprising the steps of:
- preplanning circuits in the network and distributing to network members local definition data on connection of sections of preplanned circuits,
- the local definition data consisting of two parts constituting a pair, one member of the pair defining a cross-connection in the network member towards a subsequent circuit section to be activated and the other member of the pair defining an index which, in the subsequent network member along the path of the- circuit to be activated corresponds to the next pair of data to be employed for connecting a subsequent section of that circuit, and
- when it is desired to activate a preplanned circuit, propagating in the network in cascade between network members affected by the preplanned circuit by means of overhead bytes of the frames in the network, messages of activation of the connections of sections making up the preplanned circuit to be activated and which are defined by the data previously distributed to the network members.
2. Method in accordance with claim 1 in which:
- the local definition data distributed to a network member
comprise an indexed table in which are formed the pairs of
data, the index pointing to a table in the subsequent
network member,

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/
- 20 ■
- the activation message which is propagated toward a
network member with the overhead bytes of the frame
contains the index of the data pair in the table of that
member which must be used, once reached, for tracing the
connection data for the subseguent section, and
when it is desired to activate a default circuit starting from a network member the following steps are performed:
- send to that network member an activation message containing an index of the table in the network member corresponding to the connection to be activated in the network member for that corresponding circuit and, in the network member,
- receive the message,
- extract the index contained therein and take from the tables the pair of data corresponding to the index,
- perform connection in the network member defined by the first member of the pair, and
- propagate the activation message to the subsequent network member thus connected by replacing for the preceding index the index represented by the second member of the pair and so forth from one member to the next until complete activation of the circuit.
3. Method in accordance with claim 1 or claim 2 in which when the need for deactivating a previously activated preplanned circuit is decided, a NoRequest message is propagated in the network by means of overhead bytes of the frames circulating in the network and the activation message is removed in cascade following the circuit to be deactivated.

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4. Method in accordance with claim 1, 2 or claim 3 in which if a conflict on the resources during activation of a preplanned circuit occurs, it is decided which circuit employing the conflicting resources must be aborted and the aborted circuit is cancelled backward by means of a "Clear" cancellation message propagated in the network along the circuit by means of overhead bytes of the frames circulating in the network.
5. Method in accordance with claim 2 in which; Said network members comprise termination points connoted through network sections to other network members with the cross-connections of two termination points in a network Member connecting together the two network sections leading to said two termination points and with the table with the data for creation of a cross—connection being associated with at least the termination point — termed "source" — which, of the two, is upstream from the cascade activation direction of the preplanned circuit, and within said table the member of the pair of data defining the cross-connection being represented by the indication of which is the termination point - termed "destination" - to be cross-connected with the source termination point and representing the downstream termination point of said two termination points of a cross-connection.
6. Method in accordance with claim 5 in which preplanned circuits can be activated in either direction so that the termination points are two-way.
7. Method in accordance with claim 5 in which a source termination point has at least behaviors included among

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those defined in the following table.

TP status Request emitted Answer received Action New request emitted
Disconnected NoRequest NoAnswer - NoRequest
Disconnected NoRequest Clear - NoRequest
Connected Activate(circuit) NoAnswer - Activate(circuit)
Connected Activate 8. Method in accordance with claim 5 in which a
destination termination point has* at least behaviors included among those defined in the following table.

TP status Answer emitted Answer received Action New answer emitted
Disconnected NoAnswer NoRequest - : • NoAnswer
Disconnected NoAnswer Activate(circuit) Implement”clienet” conniccation,programmes Activater(circuit) NoAnswer
Disconnected NoAnswer Activate(circuit loses local conflict - Clear
Connected NoAnswer NoReqnest Propagable NoRequest one TP conceited cancel connectio NoAnswer
Connected NoAnswer' AciivaiB(cmmtX nwwmiion unnlements circuit NoAnswer
Connected NoAnswer Activatcfarcuit). connection docs not implement circuit Propagate NoRequest on conoected TP, cancel connection, implement Circuit connection, propagate Activate^ circuit) NoAnswer
Disconnected Clear NoRequest - NoAnswer
Disconnected Clear Activate(circuit) - Clear
9- Method in accordance with claim 6 in which a two-way termination point has at least behaviors included among those defined in the following table.

TP status Request emitted/ Answer emitted Answer received/ Answer received Action Newrequest/Answeremitted
Disconnected NoRequest/ NoAnswer -/ NoRequest - NoRequest/ NoAnswer

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-2S

TP status Request emitted/ Answer emitted Answer received/ Answer received Action Newrequest/Answeremitted
Disconnected NoRequest/ NoAnswer -1Aciivate(circuit). resources available or wm a local conflict Implement "Circuit" connection, propagate Acuvate(circuil) NoRequest/ NoAnswer
Discormecicd NoRequest/ NoAnswer -/Activate(circuit), lose a local conflict NoRequest/ Clear
Disconnected NoRequest/ Clear -1 NoRequest - NoRequest/ NoAnswer
Disconnected NoRequest/ Clear -1 ActrvateCcircuit) - NoRequest/ Clear
Connected Activatc(circuiiy NoAnswer NoAnswer/ NoRequest - Aaivatc(circuiiy NoAnswer
Connected Activaie(ciiciMty NoAnswer NoRequest Propagate Clear, cancel connection NoRequest/ NoAnswer
Connected Activate(circuit NoAnswer NoAnswer/ Activate(circuit Propagate Activate (Circuit) Activate(circuit)/ NoAnswer
Connected Activate(circuit )NoAnswer No Answer Activate(circuit 2) Circuit2 circuit, PropagateActivate(circuit) Activate(circuit)/Clear
Connected Activate(circuit NoAnswer NoAnswer/ Propagate Clear.propagate' Activate(cNcuit2) NoRequest/NoAnswer
Connected Activate(circuit NoAnswer Clear/ Activate(circuit2) Propagate Clear, cancel connection, implement Circuit2 connection, propagate Activatc(circuil2) NoRequest/ NoAnswer
Connected Activate(circuit Clear NoAnswer/ NoRequest - Activate(circuiiy NoAnswer
Connected Activate(circuit Clear Clear/ NoRequest Propagate Clear, cancel connection NoRequest/ NoAnswer
Connected Activate(circuit Clear NoAnswer/ Activate(circuit2) - Activate(circuit Clear
Connected Activate(circuit Clear Clear/ Activate(circuit) Propagate Clear, cancel connection NoRequest/ Clear
10. Method in accordance with any preceding claim in which the preplanned circuits are activated for reset of network circuits which prove inefficient.
11. Method in accordance with claim 10 in which detection

26
* of inefficient circuit is done by a network member which
uses said circuit and emits the first activation message of a preplanned reset circuit.
12. A device for activation of circuits of a telecommunication network, said device comprising: a first means for preplanning the circuits in the network; a second means for generating and distributing to network members local definition data on connection of sections of preplanned circuits; wherein the local definition data consists of two parts constituting a pair, one member of the pair defining a cross-connection in the network member towards a subsequent circuit section to be activated and the other member of the pair defining an index which in the subsequent network member along the path of the circuit to be activated corresponds to the next pair of data to be employed for connecting a subsequent section of that circuit; and a third means for activating a preplanned circuit when desired by propagating in the network cascade between network members affected by the preplanned circuit by means of overhead bytes of the frames in the network, messages of activation of the connections of sections making up the preplanned circuit to be activated and which are defined by the data previously distributed to the network members.
13. The device as claimed in claim 12, wherein the means for generating the local definition data distributed to the network member comprises a fourth means for generating an indexed table in which are formed the pairs of data, the index pointing to a table in the subsequent network member.
14. The device as claimed in claim 12, wherein the activation message is propagated toward a network member with the overhead bytes of the frame contains the index of the data pair in the table of that member which must be used, once

%>
reached, for tracing the connection data for the subsequent section.
15. The device as claimed in claim 12, wherein the third means comprises a fifth means for activating, when it is desired, a default circuit starting from a network member.
16. Telecommunications network including network members which realize cross-connections of network sections to realize preplanned circuit in accordance with the method claimed in one or more of claims 1 to 11.
17. A method and a device for activation of circuits in telecommunications networks substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Dated this 7th day of April, 2006.
G. Deepak Srinirwas
Of K & S Partners
Agent for the Applicants

*



ABSTRACT
A method for activation of circuits in telecommunications networks comprises a first step in which circuits are preplanned in the network and local definition data are distributed to network members (NE) for connection of sections of the preplanned circuits. In a second step, when it is desired to activate a preplanned circuit, activation messages for the connection of sections making up the preplanned circuit to be activated and which are defined by the data previously distributed to the network members are propagated in the network in cascade among the network members affected by the preplanned circuit by means of overhead bytes of the frames circulating in the network. The data are made up of indexed tables defining pairs formed from 'next point (TP) to be connected' and 'index' to be propagated for the following cross-connection. A network functioning in accordance with the method is also proposed.
2 8-

Documents:

417-mumnp-2006-abstract(10-4-2006).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-ABSTRACT(12-4-2006).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-ABSTRACT(25-10-2010).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-ABSTRACT(AMENDED)-(25-10-2010).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-abstract(granted)-(7-1-2011).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-abstract-1.jpg

417-mumnp-2006-abstract.pdf

417-mumnp-2006-assignment deed(7-5-2007).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-assignment(11-5-2007).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-cancelled pages(6-1-2011).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-claims(10-4-2006).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-CLAIMS(12-4-2006).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-CLAIMS(AMENDED)-(25-10-2010).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-CLAIMS(AMENDED)-(6-1-2011).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-claims(granted)-(7-1-2011).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-claims.pdf

417-mumnp-2006-correspondence(30-8-2007).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-correspondence(4-5-2006).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-correspondence(5-1-2011).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-CORRESPONDENCE(6-1-2011).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-correspondence(ipo)-(10-5-2010).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-correspondence(ipo)-(11-1-2011).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-correspondence(ipo)-(12-4-2008).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-corresspondance-others.pdf

417-mumnp-2006-corresspondance-received.pdf

417-mumnp-2006-description (complete).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-description(complete)-(10-4-2006).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-DESCRIPTION(COMPLETE)-(12-4-2006).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-description(granted)-(7-1-2011).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-drawing(10-4-2006).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-drawing(11-5-2007).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-DRAWING(12-4-2006).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-DRAWING(25-10-2010).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-DRAWING(AMENDED)-(25-10-2010).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-drawing(granted)-(7-1-2011).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-FOPRM 1(25-10-2010).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-FOPRM 3(25-10-2010).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 1(10-4-2006).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 1(11-5-2007).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-FORM 1(12-4-2006).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 1(14-8-2006).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 13(25-10-2010)-.pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 13(25-10-2010).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-FORM 18(30-8-2007).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 18(5-1-2011).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-FORM 18(6-1-2011).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 2(10-4-2006).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-FORM 2(COMPLETE)-(12-4-2006).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 2(granted)-(7-1-2011).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 2(title page)-(10-4-2006).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-FORM 2(TITLE PAGE)-(12-4-2006).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-FORM 2(TITLE PAGE)-(25-10-2010).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-FORM 2(TITLE PAGE)-(AMENDED)-(25-10-2010).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 2(title page)-(granted)-(7-1-2011).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 26(10-4-2006).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 26(11-5-2007).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 26(14-8-2006).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 3(10-4-2006).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-FORM 3(12-4-2006).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form 6(11-5-2007).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form-1.pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form-13.pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form-2.doc

417-mumnp-2006-form-2.pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form-3.pdf

417-mumnp-2006-form-5.pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-OTHER DOCUMENT(25-10-2010).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-other document(30-8-2007).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-OTHER DOCUMENT(6-1-2011).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-PETITION UNDER RULE 137(25-10-2010).pdf

417-MUMNP-2006-REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT(25-10-2010).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-specification(amended)-(11-5-2007).pdf

417-mumnp-2006-wo international publication report(10-4-2006).pdf

abstract1.jpg


Patent Number 245206
Indian Patent Application Number 417/MUMNP/2006
PG Journal Number 02/2011
Publication Date 14-Jan-2011
Grant Date 07-Jan-2011
Date of Filing 10-Apr-2006
Name of Patentee ERICSSON AB
Applicant Address (ORGANISATION NUMBER 556056-6258) WHOSE REGISTERED OFFICE IS AT TORSHAMNSGATEN 23, STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 SESSAREGO PIERGIORGIO Viale Villa Gavotti 85/2, I-16100 Genova, ITALY
2 FIASCHI, Giovanni Via Caffa 11/17, I-16129 Genova, ITALY
3 LANTERI, Nadia VIa Pian dei Bosi 63, I-18038 Sanremo-IM,ITALY
4 DAMELE, Agostino Via Visca 21/2, I-17100 Savona, ITALY
PCT International Classification Number H04Q3/66
PCT International Application Number PCT/EP2004/052052
PCT International Filing date 2004-09-06
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 MI2003A001743 2003-09-11 Italy