Title of Invention

"ITEM OF TRANSFORMABLE FURNITURE"

Abstract The invention relates to an item of transformable furniture, in particular to a chair that transforms into a desk and vice cersa. An item of transformable furniture consisting of two substantially flat elements ( 5 ) and ( 6 ) connected with each other, which can switch over between a first position as a seat ( 6 ) and a back ( 5 ) and a second position as a front panel ( 6 ) and a worktop ( 5 ) and vice versa. The item of transformable furniture is provided with a supporting construction for the two substantially flat elements ( 5 ), ( 6 ). The supporting construction consists of two linked lateral vertical elements (1) located at a distance from one another, where the two substantially flat elements are located between the two linked lateral vertical elements (1).
Full Text Field of the invention
The invention relates to an item of transformable furniture, in particular to a chair that transforms into a desk and vice versa. Its application is in the furniture industry and can be used for example in conference rooms, offices, training rooms, the home and public areas.
The object of the invention is to provide an item of furniture, in particular a chair that transforms into a desk and vice versa, said furniture having a simple construction that ensures stability as well as easy and simple transformation.
According to an embodiment of the invention there is provided a chair that transforms into a desk, consisting of two substantially flat elements connected with each other, which switch over between a first position as seat and back and a second position as a front panel/face surface and worktop, respectively. The two substantially flat elements upon switching over from a first position to a second position and vice versa fall essentially in the same plane.
A preferable embodiment of the chair provides two connected substantially flat elements mounted on a supporting construction, consisting of two linked lateral vertical elements, located at a distance from one another. In the space limited by the two lateral vertical elements there are arranged two substantially flat elements. In the form of a chair the first substantially flat element of the furniture forms a back, whereas in the form of a desk the first substantially flat element moves in another substantially horizontal position where it forms a worktop. In the form of a chair the second substantially flat element of the furniture forms a seat, whereas in the form of a desk the second substantially flat element moves in another substantially vertical position where it forms a front panel of the desk.
In another preferred embodiment of the invention, the supporting construction has two parallel horizontal axes located at different levels, said axis being fixed permanently to two lateral vertical elements. The two substantially flat elements are linked with a hinge joint whose axis is parallel to the horizontal axes. The first substantially flat element is connected with the top horizontal axis by means of a slot, or a mechanism which enables the substantially flat element to make a rotating and translation movement against the axis. The second substantially flat element is connected with the bottom horizontal axis, whereby the latter goes through the former, or the flat element lying on top of the axis, or by means of a mechanism which enables the substantially flat element to make a rotating motion against the axis. In an alternative option, the second substantially flat element is connected with the bottom horizontal axis by means of a slot, or a mechanism, whereby the second substantially flat element makes a rotating and translation movement against the bottom horizontal axis, while the first substantially flat element is connected with the top horizontal axis, whereby the axis goes through the substantially flat element, or the substantially flat element lies on top of the axis, or by means of a mechanism, allowing the substantially
flat element to make a rotating movement against the axis. In the transformation from position chair into position desk, from its vertical or nearly vertical position, the first substantially flat element-back is positioned in horizontal or nearly horizontal position as a desk top, while the second substantially flat element-seat, from horizontal or nearly horizontal position, is positioned into vertical or nearly vertical position as a front panel.
In the form of a chair the first substantially flat element and the second substantially flat element of the furniture preferably form an angle between 80° and 130°, more preferably an angle between 100° and 105°. Here the bottom horizontal axis connects the two lateral vertical elements in a place that determines the height of the position of the second substantially flat element, which is a seat, in relation to the floor.
In the form of a desk the first substantially flat element and the second substantially flat element of the furniture preferably form an angle between 80° and 130°, more preferably an angle between 100° and 105°. Here the top horizontal axis connects the two lateral vertical elements in a place that determines the height of the position of the first substantially flat element, which is the desk top, in relation to the floor.
According to a still preferred embodiment one of the horizontal axes can consist of two half-axes mounted on the substantially flat element.
In the process of transformation the hinge joint ensures a smooth change of the position of the two substantially flat elements in relation to each other: increasing the angle formed between the substantially flat elements, and vice versa. In the process of transformation the slot ensures the translation movement of the substantially flat element it is located in, or which contains the mechanism, respectively, in relation to the respective horizontal axis during the rotation of each substantially flat element around the horizontal axis connected with it, and the transition of the substantially flat element from vertical or nearly vertical position in horizontal or nearly horizontal position, and vice versa. In the form of a chair the axis of the hinge joint is on the same or nearly the same level with the bottom horizontal axis. During the transformation into a desk, the axis of the hinge joint moves to one and the same or nearly the same level with the top horizontal axis. The positions of the top and bottom horizontal axes remain unchanged.
The two lateral vertical elements can be optionally formed as frames having closed or open contour. The lateral vertical elements can be formed in any other suitable geometric shape, preferably as a panel-like lateral elements. The lateral vertical elements can be made of metal, plastic, medium density fibre board (MDF), solid wood, plywood, solid HPL, or other suitable material; their construction can be non-dismountable or dismountable.
When viewed from above the two lateral vertical elements can be preferably parallel to one another or to be located in an angle. The advantage of the latter position is that it allows the lateral elements of the article in a position of a chair to go between the lateral elements of the article in a position of a disk, thereby allowing the two articles to be used as a set. The construction of the lateral elements of the article is such so as to allow it to stack in a position of a chair and in a position of a desk.
The two substantially flat elements can be made of solid wood; plywood; solid wood and plywood; medium density fiberboard (MDF); MDF and solid wood, solid HPL, or other suitable material.
For the sake of comfort for the transformation, it is possible to make a handle in one of the substantially flat elements.
The chair that transforms into a desk is preferably equipped with a fixing mechanism to ensure stability in either position, chair or desk, and to ease the transformation. The fixing mechanism serves as a positioning and locking device of the chair that transforms into a desk and vice versa, and can be mounted in the first substantially flat element, in the second substantially flat element or in the hinge joint.
According to a first preferable embodiment the fixing mechanism consists of a tie bar, joined to a spring at one of its ends; the other end is free. The tie bar is located perpendicularly to the top horizontal axis, passed above and holds it. At its other end, the spring is joined to the body of the first substantially flat element. The tie bar has an integrated blocking step. Mounted in the first substantially flat element are a blocking element and a release button, located in a special socket in the cover, above the step of the tie bar.
According to a second preferable embodiment the fixing mechanism consists of a locking pin, spring, located under the button, a slider which has a hole for the top horizontal axis to go. An axis goes through the slider, joined to which are two elastic bands. At their other end, the elastic bands are joined to the body. The spring holds the locking pin in a permanent locked position.
According to a third preferable embodiment of the fixing mechanism, it consists of the same elements like in the second embodiment, where however the elastic bands are replaced by a helical spring. At the one end the helical spring is joined to the axis of the hinge joint and at the other it is fixed to the body be means of a bush and pin. The axis of the hinge joint is fixed to the body of the second substantially flat element. The helical spring is tensed in such a way so as to keep the item in position desk. The transformation into position chair has to overcome the resistance of the spring. In the transformation to position desk, the spring helps the movement.
A fourth embodiment of the fixing mechanism according to the invention consists of a pin through which goes the top horizontal axis. The pin is blocked in a blocking step; an elastic band, joined to the body, goes through the pin.
The advantages of the furniture according to the invention have many aspects. According to preferred embodiments mentioned above the supporting construction is simple, light, robust and stable. The axes of the supporting construction take part in the process of transformation and facilitate it. As a result, the piece of furniture has a simple construction and ensures stability in its end positions as chair or desk. The transformation from a chair into a desk and vice versa can be achieved by a simple and quick movement without unscrewing or screwing anything. The construction of the furniture as a chair that transforms into a desk, subject to the invention, uses simple hinge joints and axes, thereby ensuring cheap and quick manufacturing. Due to its simple and light construction and easy transformation, the piece of furniture has a broad field of applications, e.g. conference halls, offices, training rooms, the home, public areas, etc., as well as toys. Another advantage of the invention is that the article can be made from any type of suitable materials used in the furniture industry. In the following the invention, it's function and advantages are further explained in detail by preferable embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE ACCOMPANYING DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a first embodiment of the transformable furniture according to the invention in the form of a chair;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of the first embodiment of the transformable furniture shown in FIG. 1 which has been transformed into a desk;
FIG. 3 shows different views of the supporting construction of the furniture according to FIGS. 1 and 2;
FIG. 3a is a front view of the supporting construction;
FIG. 3b is a side view of the supporting construction;
FIG. 3c is a top view of the supporting construction;
FIG. 3d is a perspective view of the supporting construction;
FIG. 4 is side view of the furniture according to FIGS. 1 and 2 showing the transformation from a chair into a desk (FIGS. 4a-4e);
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a second embodiment of the transformable furniture according to the invention in the form of a chair;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the second embodiment of the transformable furniture shown in FIG. 5 which has been transformed into a desk;
FIG. 7 shows different views of the supporting construction of the furniture according to FIGS. 5 and 6;
FIG. la is a front view of the supporting construction;
FIG. lb is a side view of the supporting construction;
FIG. 7c is a top view of the supporting construction;
FIG. Id is a perspective view of the supporting construction;
FIG. 8 is side view of the furniture according to FIGS. 1 and 2 showing the transformation from a chair into a desk (FIGS. 8a-8e);
FIG. 9 shows a first embodiment of the fixing mechanism used in the transformable furniture according to the invention;
FIG. 9a is a side view of the fixing mechanism;
FIG. 9jb is a top view of the fixing mechanism.
FIG. 9c is a perspective view of the fixing mechanism;
FIG. 10 shows a second embodiment of the fixing mechanism used in the transformable furniture according to the invention;
FIG. 10a is a side view of the fixing mechanism;
FIG. 10b is a top view of the fixing mechanism.
FIG. 10c is a perspective view of the fixing mechanism along with a separate enlarged view of the fixing mechanism;
FIG. 11 illustrates the mounting principle of a furniture comprising a fixing mechanism according to the second embodiment;
FIG. 12 shows a third embodiment of the fixing mechanism used in the transformable furniture according to the invention;
FIG. 12a is a side view of the fixing mechanism;
FIG. 12b is a top view of the fixing mechanism;
FIG. 12c is a perspective view of the fixing mechanism along with a separate enlarged view of the fixing mechanism.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
As shown in FIG. 1 a chair consists of a supporting construction, comprising two lateral vertical elements, linked with two horizontal axes located at different levels, namely a top horizontal axis 2 and a bottom horizontal axis 3. The two lateral vertical elements 1 are located in an angle. The lateral vertical elements are formed as metal pipe frame with trapezium shape if viewed from the side, resting on a pair of feet 12. In the upper part of the pipe frame there are armrests 11 made of plastic material. At the bottom fr4ont part of the metal pipe frame there is a special curve 15, which allows the article to be stacked. Two substantially flat elements, first substantially flat element 5 and second substantially flat element 6, linked with a hinge joint 4, are located in the space limited by the lateral vertical elements 1. The top horizontal axis 2 and the bottom horizontal axis 3 are parallel to one another and in relation to the axis of the hinge joint 4. The top horizontal axis 2 goes through the wall of the first substantially flat element 5, which can rotate around its axis. In a position of a chair the first substantially flat element 5 functions as a back and in a position of a desk, it functions as a desk top. The bottom horizontal axis 3 goes through the wall of the second substantially flat element 6, which can rotate around the same axis. In the position "chair" the second substantially flat element 6 is a seat and in the position "desk", it is a front panel. The wall of the first substantially flat element 5, which holds the top horizontal axis 2, has a slot 7, which allows the translation and rotating movement around axis 2. The chair has a fixing mechanism located in the first substantially flat element 5, covered with a cover on which button 9 is mounted. The second substantially flat element 6 has a handle 10, located near the hinge joint. The version is shown on FIGS. 1 to 4.
In another embodiment of the invention, shown on FIGS. 5 to 8, the lateral vertical elements 1.1 of the supporting constriction are formed as an open frame (FIG. 7), whose one end is connected with the top horizontal axis 2, and the other, with the bottom horizontal axis 3.1, executed as two half-axes, mounted on the second substantially flat element 6.
One version of execution of the fixing mechanism 13, shown on FIG. 9, consists of a tie bar 13.1.a, joined at one end to spring 13.1./?; the other end is free. The tie bar 13.1.a is located perpendicularly to the top horizontal axis 2, goes above it and holds it. At its other end the spring 13.1./? is joined to the body 5.1 of the first
substantially flat element 5. The tie bar 13.1.a has an integrated blocking step 13.1.C. Mounted on the cover 5.2 of the first substantially flat element 5 are a blocking element, which is not shown on the figures, and a release button 9, located in a special socket in the cover 5.2, above the step of the tie bar. Using the fixing mechanism it is possible to unlock the chair by pressing button 9, whereby the blocking step 13.1.C of the tie bar 13.1.a is unblocked from the blocking element and the transformation starts. The guiding parts 14 position the axis 2 in relation to the first substantially flat element 5. A second version of the execution of the fixing mechanism, shown on FIG. 10, consists of a locking pin 13.2.6, spring 13.2.a, located under button 9, slider 13.2.C, which has a hole for the axis 2 to go; axis 13.2.f which has two elastic bands 13.2.e, goes through the slider. The other end of the elastic band is joined to body 5.1. The spring 13.2.a holds the locking pin 13.2.6 in permanent locked position. The unlocking takes place by pressing button 9 whereby the locking pin 13.2.6 rotates around axis 13.2.f, unblocks from the slider 13.2.C and the transformation starts. The elastic band 13.2.e pulls substantially flat element 5 towards axis 2 and facilitates the movement until reaching en end position, chair or desk. When the end position is reached, substantially flat element 5 locks into position automatically.
A third version of the fixing mechanism, shown on FIG. 11, consists of the same elements as in the second version, but the elastic bands 13.2.e are replaced with a helical spring 13.2.k At the one end, the spring 13.2.k is joined to the axis 4 of the hinge joint, and at the other, it is fixed to the body 5.1 by means of bush 13.2.g and pin 13.2.6. The axis 4 is fixed to the body 6.1 of the second substantially flat element 6. The helical spring 13.2.k is tensed in such a way so as to keep the item in position desk. The transformation into position chair has to overcome the resistance of the spring. In the transformation to position desk, the spring helps the movement.
A fourth version of the fixing mechanism, shown on FIG. 12 consists of a pin 13.3.a through which goes the top horizontal axis 2. The pin 13.3.a is blocked in a blocking step 13.3.c; an elastic band 13.3.6 goes through the pin 13.3.a. The elastic band turns the pin around the top horizontal axis and the pin 13.3.a is blocked into the blocking step 13.3.C.
The elastic band 13.3.6 holds the pin 13.3.a in permanent locked position. The unlocking takes place by pressing button 9 whereby the pin 13.3.a overcomes the blocking step 13.3.C and slides along plane B. The elastic band 13.3.6 pulls substantially flat element 5 towards axis 2 and facilitates the movement until reaching en end position, chair or desk. When the end position is reached, substantially flat element 5 locks into position automatically.
In the transformation from a chair into a desk according to the invention, FIG. 4 (FIG. 4a-FIG. 4e) and FIG. 8 (FIG. 8a-FIG. 8e), the button 9 is pressed and held until the transformation starts; then it is released. The second substantially flat
element 6 is lifted to end top position using handle 10. Here the second substantially flat element 6 rotates round the bottom horizontal axis 3 until it reaches the nearly vertical position of a front panel; at the same time, the first substantially flat element 5, with the help of the slot 7, moves in relation to the top horizontal axis 2, turns around it simultaneously and reaches end horizontal position as a desk top. After the transformation is complete, the fixing mechanism automatically locks into position the first substantially flat element 5.
In the transformation from a desk into a chair, the button 9 is pressed and held until the transformation starts; then it is released. By means of the handle 10 the second substantially flat element 6 is rotated round the bottom horizontal axis 3 until reaching the horizontal position of a seat. After the transformation is complete, the fixing mechanism automatically locks into position the first substantially flat element 5.
In the process of transformation, the slot 7 ensures the movement of the first substantially flat element 5 in relation to the top horizontal axis 2 and the rotation around it, while at the same time the second substantially flat element 6 turns around the bottom horizontal axis 3; the hinge joint ensures the leaning of the substantially flat elements towards each other and the distancing, or vice versa.
The chair that transforms into a desk can be used in conference halls, offices, training rooms, the home, public areas, etc. It ensures the availability of the necessary number of chairs and desks depending on the concrete needs. It is suitable for use in the home and small-size terraces. Executed as a small model it can be used as a toy.





We claim:
1. An item of transformable furniture characterized by two plates (5,6) connected with each other by a horizontal hinge joint (4), wherein the plates can rotate around horizontal axis (2,3) located at different levels and in parallel to the axis of the hinge joint (4) so that the plates can switch over between a first position as a seat (6) and a back (5) and a second position as a front panel (6) and a worktop (5) respectively.
2. An item of transformable furniture as claimed in claim 1, wherein a supporting construction for the two plates (5,6) consisting of two lateral vertical elements (1) linked together at a distance from one another, so that the two plates are located between said two linked lateral vertical elements
3. An item of transformable furniture as claimed in claim 2, wherein said two linked lateral vertical elements (1) are formed as closed pipe frames with armrests (11) in the upper part of the respective frame or as open pipe frame without armrests.
4. An item of transformable furniture as claimed in claim 2, wherein said two linked lateral vertical elements (1) are formed as solid lateral vertical elements.
5. An item of transformable furniture as claimed in claim 1 to 4, wherein plate
(5) serving as a back and worktop is connected to the top horizontal axis (2)
by means of a slot (7) which enables a rotational and transnational movement
of the plate in relation to said axis.
6. An item of transformable furniture as claimed in claim 5, wherein the plate
(6) serving as a seat and front panel is penetrated by the bottom horizontal
axis (3).
7. An item of transformable furniture as claimed in claim 1 to 6, wherein a fixing mechanism for fixing the angular position between said plates (5, 6).
8. An item of transformable furniture as claimed in claim 7, wherein the fixing mechanism is located in one of said plates (5,6).
9. An item of transformable furniture as claimed in claim 7, wherein the fixing mechanism is located in the hinge joint (4).

Documents:

598-delnp-2005-abstract.pdf

598-delnp-2005-assignment.pdf

598-delnp-2005-claims cancelled.pdf

598-DELNP-2005-Claims.pdf

598-delnp-2005-complete specification (as files).pdf

598-delnp-2005-complete specification (granted).pdf

598-delnp-2005-correspondence-others.pdf

598-delnp-2005-correspondence-po.pdf

598-DELNP-2005-Description (Complete).pdf

598-DELNP-2005-Drawings.pdf

598-delnp-2005-form-1.pdf

598-delnp-2005-form-18.pdf

598-DELNP-2005-Form-2.pdf

598-delnp-2005-form-3.pdf

598-delnp-2005-form-5.pdf

598-delnp-2005-gpa.pdf

598-delnp-2005-pct-210.pdf

598-delnp-2005-pct-220.pdf

598-delnp-2005-pct-409.pdf

598-delnp-2005-petition-137.pdf

598-delnp-2005-petition-138.pdf


Patent Number 245090
Indian Patent Application Number 598/DELNP/2005
PG Journal Number 01/2011
Publication Date 07-Jan-2011
Grant Date 31-Dec-2010
Date of Filing 16-Feb-2005
Name of Patentee ORT JOINT-STOCK COMPANY
Applicant Address KR. SARAFOV. ST., 27, BG-1421 SOFIA, BULGARIA
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 MILINOV ILIAN VLADIMIROV MLADOST 3, BLOCK 364, ENTR. 3, APP. 65, 1712 SOFIA, BULGARIA
2 DANTCHEV ANTON KOLEV VASIL LEVSKI BLVD, 52, 1000 SOFIA, BULGARIA
PCT International Classification Number A47B 85/04
PCT International Application Number PCT/IB2003/00158
PCT International Filing date 2003-01-23
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 6513 2002-09-02 Bulgaria
2 107294 2002-11-19 Bulgaria