Title of Invention

"A SHELTER"

Abstract A shelter comprising a plurality of circular arc type member secured with a triangular floor girder at the both ends thereof, characterized in that said circular arc type member having hollow circular sections secured with each other being provided for supporting thereon the cover member of the shelter, said triangular floor girder has a pair of base angles which is secured with a third angle by means of connecting bars secured with said base angles and said third angle constituting said triangular shaped girder.
Full Text This invention relates to a shelter. The shelter may be used as a house.
Housing is a big problem faced in India and other poor countries as well. Shelters/houses are required in very large number and the construction cost is also expected to be as low as possible. Various types of shelters are in existance which are made by using conventional material like R.C.C. mild steel structure, timber, bamboo and the other. These materials are bulky and heavy and, therefore require considerable efforts in transporting and construction. The shelters so erected are not resistant to earthquakes.
Therefore, the main object of this invention is to propose a shelter which is earthquake proof up to 6 richter scale.
Another object of this invention is to propose an improved/modular shelter which can be constructed on different types of ground conditions.
Yet another object of this invention is to propose a light weight and low cost construction of a shelter.
Still another object of present invention is to propose a shelter adapted to be constructed with out elaborate foundation work.
According to this invention there is provided a shelter comprising a plurality of circular arc type member secured with a triangular floor girder at the both ends thereof, characterized in that said circular arc type member having hollow circular sections secured with each other being provided for supporting thereon the cover member of the shelter, said triangular floor girder has a pair of base angles which is secured with a third angle by means of connecting bars secured with said base angles and said third angle constituting said triangular shaped girder.
In accordance with present invention the shelter has a plurality of circular arc shaped members which are secured with a triangular floor girder at its both ends, by means of enchoring means. The circular arc members comprise a plurality of metallic hollow sections secured with each other, in order to form the circular are member.
The enchoring means has an enchoring plate adapted to accommodate the end of the circular arc shaped member and is secured with the base plate of enchoring means. A central hole is provided in the upper part of enchoring plate for facilitating the securing of the ends of the arc shaped members with the enchoring plate. The base plate of enchoring means is secured with the upper surface of the top angle of the triangular floor girder.
The triangular floor girder according to the present invention comprises a pair of base angles which are secured with a top angle by means of connecting bars provided between the base angles and the top angle, constituting a triangular shape and to provide a triangular shaped floor girder.
A shelter/house according to a preferred embodiment is herein described and illustrated in the accompanying drawings:-
Fig. 1 shows the plan view of the shelter.
Fig. 2 shows the plan view of triangular floor girder with enchoring
means and;
Fig.3 shows the side view of the floor girder with enchoring means.
Referring to the drawings particularly fig. 1, the shelter has plurality of arc circular shaped members 8 secured with the triangular floor girder 12 at either ends thereof such that to support the shelter cover (not shown) thereon. The circular arc shaped members comprises a plurality of hollow circular sections 7 secured with each other. The ends 9 of the circular arc shaped members are secured with the floor girder by means of
enchoring means secured at the top surface of the floor girder 12 as shown in fig.2. The enchoring means has a pair of enchoring plate 17 secured on a base plate 11 having a gap therebetween to accommodate the end plate 9 of the arc shaped member 8 therebetween. The end plate 9 is secured with the enchoring plate 17 by means of a nut/pin and bolts.
The floor girder as shown in figs.2 and 3 comprises a pair of base angle 13 secured with each other by means of connecting rods 13A. The top angle 13 is connecting with the base angle 13 by means of connecting bars 14. Thus, the base angle 13 and top angle 13 constitute a floor girder 12 of triangular shape.
When the shelter is required to be assembled the floor girders 12 are laid down on the ground. The hollow circular sections 7 are then secured with each other to form an arc shaped circular member 8. Both the ends of the member 8 has an end plate 9 secured therewith which is fitted in enchoring plate 17 of the enchoring means and is secured therewith by means of pin/nut and bolts 10.
Thus it is seen that the shelter proposed by the
present invention can be constructed on any type of soil very easily. Further, the shelter proposed by the present invention is new in construction and is very much useful for the army as well as civil people.







I CLAIM:
1. A shelter comprising a plurality of circular arc type member secured with a triangular floor girder at the both ends thereof, characterized in that said circular arc type member having hollow circular sections secured with each other being provided for supporting thereon the cover member of the shelter, said triangular floor girder has a pair of base angles which is secured v/ith a third angle by means of connecting bars secured with said base angles and said third angle constituting said triangular shaped girder.
2. A shelter as claimed in claim 1, wherein said circular arc shaped member is provided with an end plate which is secured with the enchoring means provided with the top surface of the triangular girder.
3. A shelter as claimed in claims 1 and 2 wherein said enchoring means comprises a pair of enchoring plates secured with the top surface of said girder and having a gap therebetween to accommodate said end plate of the circular arc shaped member therein.
4. A shelter as claimed in claim 3, wherein said circular arc shaped member is secured with said enchoring means by means of nut/pin and bolts.
5. A shelter substantially as herein described and illustrated.

Documents:

1524-del-1994-abstract.pdf

1524-del-1994-claims.pdf

1524-del-1994-correspondence-others.pdf

1524-del-1994-correspondence-po.pdf

1524-del-1994-description (complete).pdf

1524-del-1994-description (provisional).pdf

1524-del-1994-drawings.pdf

1524-del-1994-form-1.pdf

1524-del-1994-form-19.pdf

1524-del-1994-form-2.pdf

1524-del-1994-form-5.pdf

1524-del-1994-form-6.pdf

1524-del-1994-form-7.pdf


Patent Number 244582
Indian Patent Application Number 1524/DEL/1994
PG Journal Number 51/2010
Publication Date 17-Dec-2010
Grant Date 11-Dec-2010
Date of Filing 25-Nov-1994
Name of Patentee THE CHIEF CONTROLLER
Applicant Address DEFENCE RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT ORGANISATION, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, MINISTRY OF DEFENCE, NEW DELHI-110 001, INDIA
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 RATNAKAR NARAYANRAO SARWADE DIRECTOR, RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (ENGRS), DIGHI, PUNE-411 015 MAHARASHTRA STATE, INDIA
2 KULSHRESTHA KAMAL DIRECTOR, RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (ENGRS), DIGHI, PUNE-411 015 MAHARASHTRA STATE, INDIA
3 VIJAY KUMAR DIRECTOR, RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT (ENGRS), DIGHI, PUNE-411 015 MAHARASHTRA STATE, INDIA
PCT International Classification Number E04H15/44
PCT International Application Number N/A
PCT International Filing date
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 NA