Title of Invention

"DEHYDRATING BREATHER APPARATUS AND METHOD"

Abstract A dehydrator breather is provided that includes a vessel (12), a desiccant container (14), a valve housing (24) coupled to the vessel, and a vent assembly (34) coupled to the valve housing.
Full Text FIELD OF THE INVENTION
[002] This invention pertains generally to dehydrators for removing moisture from air. More particularly, the present invention is directed to dehydrating breathers for power devices.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
[003] High power electrical equipment, such as large electrical transformers, load tap; changers, and circuit breakers, are typically immersed in oil, which is utilized to insulate and cool the power devices. Because the oil expands and contracts with temperature changes, such equipment is provided with a head space above the oil that is vented to the atmosphere to control pressure in, for example, a transformer tank. The pressure in the tank has to be maintained such that air bubbles, which can decrease the dielectric strength of the oil, are inhibited from developing in the oil.
[004] When the heat in the tank increases, the oil in the tank expands, the pressure in the tank increases, and air in the reservoir is forced from the tank. When the tank begins to
cool down, the oil in the tank contracts, the pressure in the tank decreases, and air is drawn into the tank to maintain the pressure in the tank.
[005] A dehydrator breather is conventionally utilized to regulate airflow into and out of the tank. In some dehydrating breathers, a vent is provided between the vessel and the outside air. A valve is positioned between the vent and dehydrator breather container that controls the pressure in die tank by opening and closing, as necessary, to control air flow into and out of the tank.
[006] Often, the dehydrator breather includes a desiccant material, such as a silica gel, to remove any moisture from the air before it is allowed into the tank. Water is a conductor, and thus, moisture entering the tank has the capability of destroying the electrical properties of the transformer.
[007] Problems arise, however, when the desiccant escapes the desiccant container. For example, during shipment, the desiccant may break into fine pieces that escape the desiccant container. In addition, desiccant particles may pass through the valve with air that is exiting the dehydrator breather, and become trapped in the valve and/or trapped on' top of the vent.
[008 J Further, moisture, which evaporates from the drying of the desiccant, often forms condensation on the walls of the dehydrator breather. When the condensation returns to a liquid state, it flows through the valve and out to the atmosphere via the holes in the vent. However, if the desiccant particles are trapped in the valve or clogging the vent, the moisture may become trapped in the vessel and the desiccant may be unable to dry out completely. As a result, the dehydrating breather will not be able to perform its drying functions.
utilizing a vent assembly The vent assembly includes a vent body, and at least one screened port positioned on a surface of the vent body
[0014] In yet another aspect of the present invention, a dehydrating breather is provided that includes a vessel, a valve housing coupled to the vessel The valve housing includes a valve seat formed integrally with the valve housing
[0015] There has thus been outlined, rather broadly, the more important features of the invention in order that the detailed description thereof that follows may be better understood, and in order that the present contribution to the art may be better appreciated There are, of course, additional features of the invention that will be described below and which will form the subject matter of the claims appended hereto
[0016] In this respect, before explaining at leasl one embodiment of the invention in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and to the arrangements of the components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the drawings The invention is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced and earned out in various ways Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology employed herein, as well as the abstract, are for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting
[0017] As such, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the conception upon which this disclosure is based may readily be utilized as a basis for the designing of other structures, methods and systems for carrying out the several purposes of the present invention It is important, therefore, that the claims be regarded as including such equivalent constructions insofar as they do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
[0018] FIG. 1 is an exploded view of a dehydrating breather in accordance with the present invention.
[0019] FIG. 2 is a front elevation view of a filter and filter support in accordance with the present invention.
[0020] FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a valve housing in accordance with the present invention.
DFTAIIFD DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION
[0021] Referring now to FIG. 1 of the figures, wherein like reference numerals indicate like elements, there is shown in FIG. 1 a dehydrating breather 10 in accordance with the present invention. As shown in FIG. 1, the dehydrating breather 10, includes a vessel 12 that, in an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, is formed of a glass or a transparent plastic, such as polycarbonate. In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 1, the vessel 12 is cylindrical in shape.
[0022] A container 14 is mounted within the interior of the vessel 12 and is utilized to contain desiccant. A heater 15 is positioned within the desiccant container 14, and is utilized to drive moisture from the desiccant. In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, mounting mechanisms 16, 18, for example, threaded screws and locking devices 20, 22, such as bolts, secure the heater 15 to the desiccant container 14.
[0023] In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the desiccant container 14 is made from a screen material providing openings in the desiccant container 14. In the

same or another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the desiccant is coated with an indicating substance that causes the color of the desiccant to change according to the degree of moisture that it is retaining. The openings in the desiccant container 14 allow the desiccant to be viewed from outside of the desiccant container 14, and thus, allow die condition of the desiccant to be ascertained. The openings in the desiccant container 14 also allow moisture to escape the desiccant container.
[0024] Coupled to the bottom of the vessel 12 is a valve housing 24. In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, die valve housing 24 includes a floating ball 26. The ball 26 fits within the valve housing 24 and controls air flow into and out of the vessel 12, according to a differential in air pressure between the vessel 12 and, for example, a transformer tank 27.
[0025] For example, when the oil 29 expands within a transformer tank 27, air in a head space 29 is forced from the transformer tank 27 and into the vessel 12. Accordingly, the air pressure in the transformer tank 27 is greater than the air pressure in the vessel 12. The ball 26 is sufficiently light, such that it moves up, so air can flow from the vessel 12 through the housing 24.
[0026] When the air pressure inside of the vessel 12 is greater than the air pressure inside the transformer tank 27, the ball 26 moves upward, so that air can be expelled from the head space 29, through the vessel 12, and out of the housing 24. When the air pressure inside of the vessel 12 is greater than the air pressure inside the transformer tank 27, the ball 26 moves upward to allow air to flow into the housing 24 and/or vent assembly 34, through the vessel 12, and into the head space 29 of the transformer tank 27. When there is no pressure
differential between, for example, the transformer tank 27 and the interior of the vessel 12, the ball 26 blocks the admission of air into the vessel 12 to prevent unnecessary admittance of air, which may be moisture-laden, into the dehydrator breather 10 and transformer tank 27
[0027] In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, a seal 28, for example, a gasket, is provided between the vessel 12 and the housing 24 to prevent moisture from entering the dehydrator breather 10 at the location where the vessel 12 meets the housing 24. In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the mounting mechanisms 16,18 and locking mechanisms 30, 32 are utilized to secure the housing 24 to the vessel 12.
[0028] In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, a vent assembly includes sintered bronze vents In another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the vent assembly 34, for example a muffler, is coupled to the valve housing 24 The muffler 34 of the present invention improves the operation of the breather because the sintered bronze vents have fine openings that may trap dessicant particles that escape the dessicant container 14 The muffler 34 and the valve housing 24, in an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, have threaded portions, such that the muffler 34 is threadably attached to the valve housing 24, and can be easily unscrewed from the valve housing 24
[0029] In the same or another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the muffler 34 has openings, for example, vertically disposed ports 36-42 In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the ports 36-42 are covered with screen material 44-50 The screened ports 36-42 allow air to flow into and out of the vessel 12 The screened ports 36-42 also serve to filter particles from the air being drawn into the muffler 34 It should be understood that the number of screens utilized to fully cover the ports 36-42 may vary
[0030] The vent assembly 34 may also be utilized to capture any desiccant particles that may escape the desiccant container 14 and pass through the valve housing 24. In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the screen ports 36-42 are disposed along a vertical axis of the vent assembly 34. Thus, if any desiccant particles happen to block one of the screened ports, for example, screened port 36, a screen port positioned above the blocked screen port, such as screened port 38, will still allow air to enter and exit the valve housing 24.
[0031] When the vent assembly 34 no longer has the ability to accommodate any additional desiccant particles, the vent assembly 34 can be unscrewed from the valve housing 24, so that the desiccant particles can be emptied. In addition, the vent assembly 34 allows any water that passes through the valve housing to escape through the screened openings. Accordingly, the design of a dehydrator breather in accordance with the present invention prevents desiccant particles from interfering with the flow of air into and out of the valve housing 24.
[0032] In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, fifty mesh stainless steel screen material is utilized for ports 36-42. In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the body/vent housing of the vent assembly 34 is made from a plastic material. In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the vent assembly is a high flow muffler, manufactured by Adsens Technology of City of Industry, CA.
[0033] In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, a filter 52 is positioned within the vessel 12. In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the filter 52 is made from a fiberglass paper. In the same or another exemplary embodiment of the present
invention, supports 54, 56 are utilized to secure the filter 52 within the vessel 12. In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the mounting mechanisms 16,18,are utilized to secure the filter 52 and support screens 54,56 within the vessel. Securing mechanisms, such as bolts 58-64, are utilized to secure the supports 54, 56 to the filter 52.
[0034] The filter 52 prevents desiccant particulate that escapes the desiccant container 14 from entering the valve housing 24. Thus, the filter 52 prevents loose desiccant particulate from plugging the valve housing 24. In addition, moisture which seeks to exit the vessel 12 through the valve housing 24 is prevented from accumulating in the valve housing, and not allowing the desiccant to dry.
[0035] A cap 66 is provided to seal the desiccant container. Mounting mechanisms 68, 70 and locking mechanisms 72, 74, for example, threaded screws and bolts, are utilized to secure the cap 66 to the vessel 12 via the heater 15. A connector 73 is provided for connecting the breather 10 to, for example, an auxiliary electrical box to control operations of the heater 15. A port 75 is provided for connecting the dehydrator breather 10 to, for example, the air head space 29 of the transformer tank 27.
[0036] Shown in FIG. 2 is a filter support 76 and filter 78 in accordance with the present invention. Ports 80 and 82 may be provided in the filter support 76 that align with ports 84, 86 of the filter 78. In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the filter 78 and filter support 76 are cylindrical in shape. In the same or another exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the filter support 76 is made from a screen material.
[0037] Shown in FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a valve housing 24 in accordance with the present invention. As shown in FIG. 3, a valve 88 is formed with the valve housing
24. In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the valve 88 is a floating ball valve where a ball 26 is positioned at valve seat 90.
[0038] The dehydrator breather 10 of the present invention prevents desiccant particulate from interfering with airflow into and out of the dehydrating breather. In addition, the dehydrating breather of the present invention prevents desiccant particles from interfering with the flow of water, which may accumulate within the vessel 12, out of the dehydrator breather 10.
[0039] The many features and advantages of the invention are apparent from the detailed specification, and thus, it is intended by the appended claims to cover all such features and advantages of the invention which fall within the true spirit and scope of the invention. Further, since numerous modifications and variations will readily occur to those skilled in the art, it is not desired to limit the invention to the exact construction and operation illustrated and described, and accordingly, all suitable modifications and equivalents may be resorted to, falling within the scope of the invention.





We Claim:
1. A dehydrating breather apparatus, comprising: a vessel(12) with a first end and a
second end; a desiccant container(14) positioned within the vessel(12); a valve
housing (24) with a floating ball coupled to the second end of the said vessel; a
filter(52) positioned between the desiccant container(14) and said valve housing(24);
Characterized in
a detachable vent assembly (34) being coupled to the valve housing (24) to retain loosened desiccant, said vent assembly having a vent assembly body with at least a screened port(36) disposed thereon,
a first filter support (54) and a second filter support (56) to support the filter (52) within the vessel;
the said filter(52) being positioned between the said first filter support(54) and the said second filter support(56).
2. A apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the filter (52) is made from a fiberglass
material.
3. A apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first filter support (54) is made
from a screen material.
4. A method of operating a dehydrator breather apparatus as claimed in any of claims
1 to 3, comprising:
regulating bidirectional flow of air through the dehydrating breather utilizing a valve housing,
removing moisture from incoming air with a desiccant,
capturing loose desiccant and the removed moisture with at least a screened port positioned on a surface of a vent body, wherein the vent body is attached to the valve housing and prevents the loose desiccant and removed moisture from interfering with the flow of air,
removing the loose desiccant and removed moisture from the vent body.
5. A method as claimed in claim 4, wherein the vent body is detachable from the valve housing.
6. A dehydrating breather apparatus substantially as herein described with reference to the foregoing description and the accompanying drawings.
7. A method of operating a dehydrator breather apparatus substantially as herein described with reference to the foregoing description and the accompanying drawings.

Documents:

1323-delnp-2005-abstract.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-assignment.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-claims.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-complete specification (as,files).pdf

1323-delnp-2005-complete specification (granted).pdf

1323-DELNP-2005-Correspondence-Others-(10-09-2009).pdf

1323-DELNP-2005-Correspondence-Others-(27-09-2010).pdf

1323-delnp-2005-correspondence-others.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-correspondence-po.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-description (complete).pdf

1323-delnp-2005-drawings.pdf

1323-DELNP-2005-Form-1-(27-09-2010).pdf

1323-delnp-2005-form-1.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-form-13-(10-09-2009).pdf

1323-delnp-2005-form-13.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-form-18.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-form-2.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-form-3.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-form-5.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-gpa.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-pct-101.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-pct-210.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-pct-220.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-pct-304.pdf

1323-delnp-2005-petition-137.pdf

abstract.jpg


Patent Number 244457
Indian Patent Application Number 1323/DELNP/2005
PG Journal Number 50/2010
Publication Date 10-Dec-2010
Grant Date 07-Dec-2010
Date of Filing 01-Apr-2005
Name of Patentee WAUKESHA ELECTRIC SYSTEMS INCORPORATED
Applicant Address 400 SOUTH PRAIRIE AVENUE, WAUKESHA, WISCONSIN 53186, USA
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 GOLNER, THOMAS W. 277 N. 2242 LAKEVIEW, PEWAUKEE, WISCONSIN 53072, USA
2 MEHTA, SHIRISH, P. W. 270 S. 25270, APACHE PASS, WAUKESHA, WISCONSIN 53186, USA
PCT International Classification Number B01D 53/04
PCT International Application Number PCT/US2003/027731
PCT International Filing date 2003-09-05
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 10/235,795 2002-09-06 U.S.A.