Title of Invention

BUILDING MOUNTABLE FROM INTERLOCKING UNITS

Abstract The invention relates to a building (30) mountable from interlocking units (1, 4, 9, 12, 21) fabricated of a panel-like material. The building comprises two wall units (4), said wall unit's two opposite side edges (6) being adapted to have at least one locking tab (7) protruding therefrom, which is provided with a locking cut (8) parallel to said side edge (6), two gable units (9), said gable unit being provided, for the locking tabs (7) protruding from the wall unit's (4) side edge (6), with a number of slots (10) and/or cuts (11) matching the number of said locking tabs for coupling the wall units (4) and the gable units (9) together, two upper floor units (12), adapted to extend between two spaced-apart gable units (9), the upper floor unit (12) having its ends (13) to be set against the gable units (9) and provided with a locking tab (14) protruding from said end, and the gable unit (9) has its side edge (16) provided with a cut (17), which is provided for the upper floor unit's (12) locking tab (14) and has its location designed in such a way that the upper floor unit (12) is additionally propped on top of the wall unit's (4) upper edge (18), and a roof supported upon the gable units (9).
Full Text WO 2004/067867 PCT/FI2004/050005
Building mountable from interlocking units
The invention relates to a building mountable from interlocking units
fabricated of a panel-like material.
It is an object of the invention to provide a building of the above type,
especially a light-frame cabin, a lean-to or shelter or the like equipped with
walls, which is capable of being mounted and dismounted without special
tools or equipment, in other words simply by fitting appropriately shaped
units together, whereby there is no need for any separate coupling elements
which could be lost in the process of shipping, mounting or dismounting.
This object is accomplished according to the invention in such a way that and
a building of the invention is characterized in that the building comprises
two wall units, said wall unit's two opposite side edges being adapted to have
at least one locking tab protruding therefrom, which is provided with a
locking cut parallel to said side edge,
two gable units, said gable unit being provided, for the locking tabs
protruding from the wall unit's side edge, with a number of slots and/or cuts
matching the number of said locking tabs for coupling the wall units and the
gable units together,
two upper floor units, adapted to extend between two spaced-apart gable
units, the upper floor unit having its ends to be set against the gable units
and provided with a locking tab protruding from said end, and the gable unit
has its side edge provided with a cut, which is provided for the upper floor
unit's locking tab and has its location designed in such a way that the upper
floor unit is additionally propped on top of the wall unit's upper edge, and a
roof supported upon the gable units.

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By virtue of this arrangement, the wall units and the gable units can be first
coupled to each other in a simple manner. By then fitting the upper floor
units in position, the structure shall brace itself to its final, proper condition.
On top of the thus obtained structure can be fitted a desired type of roof,
after which this basic version of the building is ready.
In one preferred embodiment of the invention, the arrangement is such that
the gable unifs upper side edge is adapted to have at least one locking tab
protruding therefrom, which is provided with a locking cut parallel to said
upper side edge. Thus, on top of the gable units is adapted to be fitted a roof
unit, which is provided with slots intended for the gable units' locking tabs.
By virtue of this arrangement, the roof units can also be readily fitted and
locked in position. This arrangement can be utilized in yet another preferred
embodiment of the invention, in which the roof unit is adapted to lock the
upper floor unit in position, the latter in turn locking the wall units and the
gable units.
In one preferred embodiment of the invention, in which the gable units are
adapted to provide a ridge-roofed structure, the immobilization of roof units
is further ensured preferably in such a manner that the roof units present on
the opposite sides of the ridge are adapted to be locked in position by means
of a ridge beam insertable to its position in parallel with the ridge. Thus, the
wall units, gable units, upper floor units, and roof units are locked to each
other in such a way that a disengagement thereof from each other cannot be
done until the ridge beam is removed.
The panel-like units used in a building of the invention are fabricated
preferably in such a manner that the locking tabs and the matching slots and
cuts are provided as a single piece with the units by cutting out said panel-

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like material. Therefore, there is no need for any loose components, which
could possibly be lost, for joining the units to each other. Naturally it is
possible to use separate locking elements attached separately to the units,
which nevertheless are preferably fixed permanently in position in order not
to be misplaced.
Other preferred embodiments of the invention are disclosed in the dependent
claims.
The invention will now be described more closely with reference to the
accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 shows a floor unit.
Fig. 2 shows a wall unit.
Fig. 3A shows a half of a gable unit (solid gable).
Fig. 3B shows a half of a gable unit (unit provided with a doorway).
Fig. 4 shows an upper floor unit.
Fig. 5 shows a roof unit.
Fig. 6 shows a ridge beam in an end view.
Fig. 7 shows a building according to one embodiment of the invention, in
an end view.
Fig. 8 shows the building of fig. 7 in a side view.

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Figs. 1-6 illustrate examples of individual elements included in a building of
the invention, and figs. 7 and 8 show an example of a building 30 of the
invention, which is mountable from interlocking units fabricated of a panel-
like material.
In its most simple form, the building 30 comprises two wall units 4 (fig. 2),
two gable units 9, one-of which may consist for example of two
interconnected halves shown in fig. 3A and the other of two interconnected
halves shown in fig. 3B, two upper units 12 (fig. 4), and a desired type of
roof supported upon the gable units 9.
In this most simple form thereof, the building 30 is not provided with an
actual floor, but instead with benches or bunks established by the upper floor
units 12 along two opposite sides of the building;
However, the building 30 of the invention can also be provided for example
with a lower floor unit 1 of fig. 1, as well as with a roof consisting for
example of roof units 21 as shown in fig. 5.
The wall unit 4 of fig. 2 has its two opposite side edges 6 adapted to include
at least one, in the illustrated example two locking tabs 7 protruding
therefrom. The locking tabs 7 are further provided with locking cuts 8 parallel
to said side edge 6.
The gable unit 9, which in its basic form comprises two halves as shown in
either fig. 3A or 3B, which are interconnected or made of a single-piece
panel, is provided, for the locking tabs 7 protruding from the wall unit's 4
side edge 6, with a matching number of slots 10 and/or cuts 11 for locking
the wall units 4 and the gable units 9 to each other. The example shown in
figs. 3A and 3B includes a slot 10 and a cut 11.

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In the process of mounting or erecting the building, the wall unit's 4 locking
tabs 7 are pushed into the gable unit's 9 slot 10 and cut 11, whereafter, in
the example of figs. 2 and 3, the gable unit 9 sinks into the locking cuts 8
present in the wall unit 4, thereby locking the wall unit 4 and the gable unit 9
to each other.
The upper floor unit 12 (fig. 4) is arranged to extend between two spaced-
apart gable units 9. The upper floor unit's 12 ends 13 to be set against the
gable units 9 are provided with a locking tab 14 protruding from said end,
the locking tab 14 being preferably further provided with a locking cut 15
parallel to said end 13 to be set against the gable units 9 for locking the
gable unit 9 in position. The gable unit 9 has its side edge 16 provided with a
horizontal cut 17, which is arranged for the upper floor unifs 12 locking tab
14 and whose location is designed in such a way that the upper floor unit 12
is additionally propped on top of the wall unit's 4 upper edge 18. The slot 10
has its location adapted in such a way that the wall unit 4 takes up most of
the load applied to the upper floor unit 12. Thus, the slot 10 is spaced from
the side edge 16 by a distance which is most preferably slightly less than the
width of the upper floor unit 12.
Once the wall units 4 and the gable units 9 to have been connected to each
other, the upper floor units 12 are fitted in position, and thus, after placing
an appropriate roof structure on top, the inventive building 30 in its most
simple form is ready.
In the example of figs. 3A and 3B, the gable unit's 9 upper side edge 16' is
adapted to have two locking tabs 19 protruding therefrom, which are
provided with locking cuts 20 parallel to said side edge. Thus, the gable units
9 are adapted to be topped by a roof unit 21 as shown in fig. 5, which is
provided with slots 22 arranged for the gable units' 9 locking tabs 19.

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Hence, the roof unit 21 is adapted to lock the upper floor unit 12 in position,
whereby the upper floor unit 12 in turn locks the wall units 4 and the gable
units 9 for an integral entity, which is only dismountable in the order reverse
to the mounting order.
In the embodiment illustrated in the drawings, the gable units 9 are designed
to provide a ridge-roofed structure. Other types of structures are also
feasible, depending on how the elements are designed. In the example of
fig. 7, the roof units 21 presen&on either side of the roof ridge are adapted
to be locked in position by means of a ridge beam 22 (fig. 6) insertable to its
position in parallel with the ridge, said beam being designed to prevent the
roof unit 21 from being slid along the upper side edge 16' and thus the roof
unit from coming off the locking cuts 20.
Thus, there is no way of removing any element from the structure of fig. 7
until the ridge beam 22 is removed. Dismounting proceeds in a reverse order
with respect to mounting.
In the solution described above, there is not an actual floor except for
benches or bunks established by the upper floor units 12 laid along the sides
of the building. It is also possible to provide the building with a separate
floor, which is established by a lower floor unit 1 shown in fig. 1. Its two
opposite side edges 2 are adapted to have at least two locking tabs 3
protruding therefrom, the wall unit 4 (fig. 2) being provided with slots 5 for
the lower floor unit's 1 locking tabs 3.
In the vicinity of the lower floor units 1 two other opposite side edges 23 is
provided at least one locking slot 24, and the gable unit's 9 bottom edge 25
is adapted to have at least one locking tab 26 protruding therefrom, which is
adapted to extend into the lower floor unit's 1 locking slot 24. The locking
slots 24 and the locking tabs 26 are not absolutely necessary whenever solid

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or single-piece gable units 9 are used. However, they are of major
significance from the viewpoint of keeping multi-component gable units 9
immobilized.
The locking tab 26 can be further provided with a locking slot (not shown),
which can be fitted with a locking member (not shown) for locking the lower
floor unit 1 and the gable unit 9 in a per se known manner-to each other also
in vertical direction. In this case, the lower floor unit 1 is locked between the
locking member presently in the locking slot and the gable unit 9.
The gable unit 9 can be constituted, for example, by two elements shown
either in fig. 3A or 3B or by a similar type of single-piece element. However,
a single-piece gable unit 9 is generally difficult to handle because of its
considerable size.
The locking tabs 3, 7,14,19, 26 and the coinciding slots 5, 10, 22, 24 and
cuts 11,17 are preferably designed as a single-piece element with the units
by cutting out a panel-like material used for fabricating said units. Naturally,
the locking tabs can also be made from another material, in which case the
most important aspect is, however, that the locking tabs be attached
permanently in position to avoid being misplaced.
As a conclusion, it should be noted that the employed term "a panel-like
material" encompasses both materials made of several layers or plies and
also materials made by laminating several components, e.g. panels, to each
other.

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Claims
1. A building (30) mountable from interlocking units (1,4,9,12, 21)
fabricated of a panel-like material, characterized in that the building
comprises
two wall units,(4), said wall unit's two opposite side edges (6) being adapted
to have at least one locking tab (7) protruding therefrom, which is provided
with a locking cut (8) parallel to said side edge (6),
two gable units (9), said gable unit being provided, for the locking tabs (7)
protruding from the wall unit's (4) side edge (6), with a number of slots (10)
and/or cuts (11) matching the number of said locking-tabs for coupling the
wall units (4) and the gable units (9) together,
two upper floor unrts (12), adapted to extend between two spaced-apart
gable units (9), the upper floor unit (12) having its ends (13) to be set
against the gable units (9) and provided with a locking tab (14) protruding
from said end, and the gable unit (9) has its side edge (16) provided with a
cut (17), which is provided for the upper floor unit's (12) locking tab (14) ana1
has its location designed in such a way that the upper floor unit (12) is
additionally propped on top of the wall unit's (4) upper edge (18), and
a roof supported'upon the gable units (9).
2. A building as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that the gable unit's
(9) upper side edge (16') is adapted to have at least one locking tab (19)
protruding therefrom, which is provided with a locking cut (20) parallel to
said side edge.

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3. A building as set forth in claim 2, characterized in that on top of the
gable units (9) is adapted to be fitted a roof unit (21), which is provided with
slots (22) arranged for the gable units' (9) locking tabs (19).
4. A building as set forth in claim 3, characterized in that the roof unit (21)
is adapted to lock the upper floor unit (12) in position, which in turn locks the
wall units (4) and the gable units (9).
5. A building as set forth in any claim 3, characterized in that the gable
units (9) are adapted to provide a ridge-roofed structure, and that the roof
units (22) on either side of the ridge are adapted to be locked in position by
means of a ridge beam (22) insertable to its position in parallehwith the
ridge.
6. A building as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that the building
further comprises a lower floor unit (1), whose two opposite side edges (2)
are adapted to have at least one, most preferably two locking tabs (3)
protruding therefrom, and that the wall unit (4) is provided with slots (5) for
the lower floor unit's (1) locking tabs (3).
7. A building as set forth in claim 5, characterized in that the lower floor
unit (1) has at least one locking slot (24) provided in the vicinity of its other
two opposite side edges (23), and that the gable unit's (9) bottom edge (25)
is adapted to have at least one locking tab (26) protruding therefrom, which
is adapted to extend into the lower floor unit's (1) locking slot (24).
8. A building as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that the gable unit (9)
is made up of two elements.
9. A building as set forth in daim 1, characterized in that the upper floor
unit's (12) locking tab (14) is provided with a locking cut (15) for the gable

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unit (9), which is parallel to the end (13) to be set against the gable units
(9).
10. A building as set forth in claim 1, characterized in that the locking tabs
(3,7,14,19, 26) and the matching slots (5,10, 22, 24) and cuts (11,17)
are provided as a single piece with the units by cutting out said panel-like
material.

The invention relates to a building (30) mountable from interlocking units (1, 4, 9, 12, 21) fabricated of a panel-like material. The building comprises two wall units (4), said wall unit's two opposite side edges (6) being adapted to have at least one locking tab (7) protruding therefrom, which is provided with a locking cut (8) parallel to said side edge (6), two gable units (9), said gable unit being provided, for the locking tabs (7) protruding from the wall unit's (4) side edge (6), with a number of slots (10) and/or cuts (11) matching the number of said locking tabs for coupling the wall units (4) and the gable units (9) together, two upper floor units (12), adapted to extend between two spaced-apart gable units (9), the upper floor unit (12) having its ends (13) to be set against the gable units (9) and provided with a locking tab (14) protruding from said end, and the gable unit (9) has its side edge (16) provided with a cut (17), which is provided for the upper floor unit's (12) locking tab (14) and has its location designed in such a way that the upper floor unit (12) is additionally propped on top of the wall unit's (4) upper edge (18), and a roof supported upon the gable units (9).


Documents:

01937-kolnp-2005-claims.pdf

01937-kolnp-2005-description complete.pdf

01937-kolnp-2005-drawings.pdf

01937-kolnp-2005-form 1.pdf

01937-kolnp-2005-international publication.pdf

01937-kolnp-2005-others.pdf

1937-kolnp-2005-correspondence 1.1.pdf

1937-kolnp-2005-examination report 1.1.pdf

1937-kolnp-2005-form 18.1.pdf

1937-kolnp-2005-form 26.1.pdf

1937-kolnp-2005-granted-abstract 1.1.pdf

1937-kolnp-2005-granted-claims 1.1.pdf

1937-kolnp-2005-granted-description (complete) 1.1.pdf

1937-kolnp-2005-granted-drawings 1.1.pdf

1937-kolnp-2005-granted-form 1.1.pdf

1937-kolnp-2005-granted-form 2.1.pdf

1937-kolnp-2005-granted-specification 1.1.pdf

1937-kolnp-2005-others1.1.pdf

1937-kolnp-2005-reply to examination report 1.1.pdf

abstract-01937-kolnp-2005.jpg


Patent Number 244349
Indian Patent Application Number 1937/KOLNP/2005
PG Journal Number 49/2010
Publication Date 03-Dec-2010
Grant Date 02-Dec-2010
Date of Filing 28-Sep-2005
Name of Patentee MAKILA, MATTI
Applicant Address FERRARIANTIE 1, F1-32200 LOIMAA
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 MAKILA, MATTI` FERRARIANTIE 1, F1-32200 LOIMAA
PCT International Classification Number E04B 1/343
PCT International Application Number PCT/F12004/050005
PCT International Filing date 2004-01-26
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 20035008 2003-01-30 Finland