Title of Invention

"A CONTACT DEVICE COMPRISING A STRUCTURED PACKING"

Abstract The present invention relates to a contact device (1) comprising a structured packing (8) with a plurality of differently oriented packing layers (11-17}, wherein the respective flow channels (18) through the packing layers (11-17) have a definite direction, placed between an inlet (3), located at the lower part (2) of the device, for an upwardly directed gas flow, and an outlet (4) at the upper part (5) thereof, for discharging the treated gas flow, as well as an inlet (6) at the upper part (5) of the device, for a downwardly directed liquid flow, and an outlet (7) in the lower part (2) thereof, for discharging the treated liquid flow. The important feature of the invention is that said inlet (3) for the gas flow opens out substantially on a level with the lower limiting surface (10) of the structured packing (8). (Fig. 1)
Full Text The present invention relates to a contact device comprising a structured packing.
The present invention relates to contact device, comprising a structured packing with a plurality of differently oriented packing layers, wherein the respective flow channels through the packing layers have a definite direction, placed between an inlet, located at the lower part of the contact device, for an upwardly-directed gas flow, and an outlet at the upper part thereof, for discharging the treated gas flow, as well as an inlet at the upper part thereof, for a downwardly-directed liquid flow, and an outlet at the lower part thereof, for discharging the treated liquid flow-
From US 5139544, a contact device of the kind described above is previously known, which comprises a structured packing with a plurality of differently oriented packing layers. Liquid is introduced into the contact device directly from a liquid distributor, which is arranged at the top of the structured packing, into an upwardly directed flow passage of an upper packing layer, for achieving contact between gas and liquid within the upper packing layer and reducing the risk of formation of drops.
The US document discloses a traditionally designed contact device, in which the gas flow is introduced from the side of the contact device, that is, perpendicular to the direction of flow in the contact device. To achieve a uniform gas distribution, the packing of contact devices, of prior art, is usually located far downstream of the inlet, such that a change in direction of the gas flow may occur and the flow become stabilised into a uniform distribution before the gas penetrates into the packing. However,.the necessary distance from the inlet of the contact device to the packing is too large to be feasible in practice and normally, therefore, the packing is located closer to the inlet of the contact device than what is desirable.
It has now proved that such a design results in poor gas distribution in the packing and that eddies are formed behind
the inlet edge, resulting in an uneven gas distribution. If the liquid distribution in the packing ih a contact device is iniform, but the distribution of the gas is non-uniform, or vice versa, there is a considerable risk that the distribution within the packing becomes poor, which may result in the formation of different paths of gas or liquid through the contact device. This leads to lower transfer of mass than expected.
The object of the present invention is to improve the distribution of gas and liquid within the packing.
This object is achieved according to the invention with a device of the kind described in the introductory part of this description, which is characterised in that an upper edge of the mentioned inlet for the gas flow opens out substantially on a level with the lower limiting surface of the structured packing.
The structured packing is utilised as a gas distribution member, in that the pressure drop and the structure of the packing are connected with a definite position of the packing in the contact device, that is, the packing is placed on a level with the upper edge of the gas inlet into the contact device.
By using a structured packing in the contact device, that is, a packing where the flow channels through the packing have a definite direction, and placing the packing such that the lower edge of the packing lies on a level with the upper edge of the gas inlet of the contact device, the distribution of the gas in the packing will be considerably improved, while at the same time the height of .the contact device is reduced. The location together with the pressure drop of the packing contributes to prevent the formation of eddies behind the inlet edge, and, in addition, by directing the first layer in the packing such that the flow of the gas flow perpendicular to the main direction of the flow in the contact device is
prevented, a very uniform gas distribution is achieved in the packing. To avoid disturbance of the distribution of the gas, a necessary supporting lattice is suitably placed at the packing, between the first and second packing layers. The first packing layer is preferably suspended below the supporting lattice and may therefore be easily replaced from below if a replacement is considered necessary.
The present invention relates to a contact device comprising a structured
packing with a plurality of differently oriented packing layers formed
from corrugated plates or the like placed such that between them a
number of flow channels are formed, wherein the structured packing 980
is placed between an inlet, defining a direction of the flow of the incoming
gas flow, and located at the lower part of the contact device, for an
upwardly directed gas flow, and an outlet at the upper part of the
contact device, for discharging the treated gas flow, as well as an inlet at
the upper part of the contact device, for the downwardly directed liquid
flow, and an outlet in the lower part of the contact device, for
discharging the treated liquid flow; characterized in that the respective
flow channels through the packing layers extend in a specific direction,
that at least the lowermost packing layer is placed such that the flow
channels through the packing layer extend upwardly in the contact
device in a plane perpendicular to the direction of the flow of the
incoming gas flow, that the plates in two adjacent of the upper packing
layers are placed perpendicular to each other within the contact device,
in such a way that the flow of the incoming gas is Conducted upwards
through the contact device in a plane alternately located parallel and
perpendicular, respectively, to the direction of the flow of the incoming
gas flow within the contact device such as to cause pressure drop
through the structured packing, and that an upper edge of the inlet for
the flow of incoming gas flow being opened out on a level with the lower
exlimiting surface of the structured packing, which together with said
pressure drop result in a uniform gas distribution being achieved in the
structured packing.
The invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawing, wherein
Figure 1 shows a schematic cross-section view of a contact device according to the present invention.
Figure 1 of the drawing shows an essentially vertically arranged contact device 1, comprising an inlet 3, arranged at the lower part 2 of the contact device, essentially perpendicular to the contact device 1, for a gas flow directed upwards through the contact device 1, and an outlet 4 at the upper part 5 thereof, for discharging the treated gas flow, as well as an inlet 6 at the upper part 5 of the contact device, for a liquid flow directed downwards through the contact device 1, and an outlet 7 at the lower part 2 thereof, for discharging the treated liquid flow. The expression contact device comprises, for example, a tower, a column or a scrubber for absorption, adsorption, desorption or distillation, etc.
The contact device 1 comprises at least one structured packing 8, which is placed between the inlet 3 and the outlet 4. An upper edge 9 of the inlet 3 for the gas flow opens out substantially on a level with the lower limiting surface 10 of the structured packing 8. In a known manner, the structured packing 8 may be formed from two corrugated plates or the like, arranged against each other, which between them form a number of flow channels 18. The packing 8 suitably comprises a plurality of packing layers 11-17, of which at least the lowermost packing layer 11 is arranged in such a
way that its flow channels 18 through the packing layer 11 extend upwards in a plane arranged essentially perpendicular to the direction of flow 19 of the incoming gas flow. The plates in two adjacent upper packing layers 12-17 are suitably arranged perpendicular to each other, such that the gas flow is conducted upwards through the contact device 1 in a plane located alternately parallel and perpendicular, respectively, to the direction of flow 19. The lowermost packing layer 11 is supported essentially freely below a supporting lattice 20, which is located in the structured packing 8. The two lowermost packing layers 11-12 are arranged in a similar manner, that is, with the respective flow channels 18 located in a common plane.
Above the uppermost packing layer 17, at least one liquid distributor 21 is arranged, which is provided with liquid from the inlet 5. The drawing shows two liquid distributors 21, each having three distribution channels 22, but the number of liquid distributors 21 and their design may, of course, be varied.






WE CLAIM:
I. A contact device (1) comprising a structured packing (8) with a
plurality of differently oriented packing layers (11-17) formed from corrugated plates or the like placed such that between them a number of flow channels are formed, wherein the structured packing 980 is placed between an inlet (3), defining a direction of the flow (19) of the incoming gas flow, and located at the lower part (2) of the contact device (1), for an upwardly directed gas flow, and an outlet (4) at the upper part (5) of the contact device (I), for discharging the treated gas flow, as well as an inlet (6) at the upper part (5) of the contact device (1), for the downwardly directed liquid flow, and an outlet (7) in the lower part (2) of the contact device (1), for discharging the treated liquid flow; characterized in
that the respective flow channels through the packing layers extend in a specific direction,
that at least the lowermost packing layer (11) is placed such that the flow channels (18) through the packing layer extend upwardly in the contact device (1) in a plane perpendicular to the direction of the flow (19) of the incoming gas flow,
that the plates in two adjacent of the upper packing layers (12 and 13, 14 and 15, 16 and 17) are placed perpendicular to each other within the contact device (1), in such a way that the flow (19) of the incoming gas is Conducted upwards through the contact device (1) in a plane alternately located parallel and perpendicular, respectively, to the direction of the flow (19) of the incoming gas flow within the contact device (1) such as to cause pressure drop through the structured packing (8), and
that an upper edge of the inlet (3) for the flow (19) of incoming gas flow being opened out on a level with the lower limiting surface (10) of the
structured packing (8), which together with said pressure drop result in a uniform gas distribution being achieved in the structured packing (8).
2. The contact device (1) as claimed in claim 1, wherein at least the next to lowermost packing layer (12) is placed such that the flow channels through the packing layer (12) extend upwardly in the contact device (1) in a plane perpendicular to the direction of flow (19) of the incoming gas flow.
3. The contact device (1) as claimed in claim 2, wherein at least the lowermost packing layer (11) is supported essentially freely below a supporting lattice (20), located in the structured packing (8).
4. The contact device (1) as claimed in claim 3, wherein at least the
two lowermost packing layers (11 and 12) are placed such that the flow
channels through each of the two lowermost packing layers (11 and 12)
extend vertically upwards in the same plane within the contact device (1).
5. The contact device substantially as hereinbefore described with
reference to and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.

Documents:

abstract.jpg

in-pct-2002-00608-del-abstract.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-assignment-(24-10-2008).pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-claims.pdf

IN-PCT-2002-00608-DEL-Correspondence-Others-(14-12-2011).pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-correspondence-others-(24-10-2008).pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-correspondence-others.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-correspondence-po.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-description (complete).pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-drawings.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-form-1.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-form-13-(24-10-2008).pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-form-19.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-form-2.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-form-3.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-form-5.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-form-6-(24-10-2008)-1.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-form-6-(24-10-2008)-2.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-form-6-(24-10-2008).pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-gpa-(24-10-2008).pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-gpa.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-pct-304.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-pct-409.pdf

in-pct-2002-00608-del-petition-138.pdf


Patent Number 244335
Indian Patent Application Number IN/PCT/2002/00608/DEL
PG Journal Number 49/2010
Publication Date 03-Dec-2010
Grant Date 01-Dec-2010
Date of Filing 17-Jun-2002
Name of Patentee ALSTOM
Applicant Address 3, AVENUE ANDRE MALRAUX, 92300 LEVALLOIS-PERRET, FRANCE
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 ODD BJARNO TANTE ULRIKKES VEI 10C, NO-0984 OSLO, NORWAY
2 LARS KALTIN BRUNNSVAGEN 2, SE-352 40 VAXJO, SWEDEN.
PCT International Classification Number B01J 10/02
PCT International Application Number PCT/SE99/02435
PCT International Filing date 1999-12-21
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 PCT/SE99/02435 1999-12-21 PCT