Title of Invention

IMPROVISED ANIMAL FEED

Abstract The present invention is related to animal feed comprising organo metallic urea chelates. The organo metallic urea chelates help in preventing metal react with other supplements like Vitamins, Minerals, Enzymes, Probiotics or combinations there of and is a cost effective chelation as compared to Amino acid chelates.
Full Text

The present invention relates to an improvised animal feed. The present invention in particular is related to animal feed comprising organo metallic urea chelates.
When homosapiens started rearing animals the main aim was to use the animals for their own benefit. Gradually interest on rearing animals was increased because the economic importance started rising and now a day it is being treated as an industry. Consequently the apathy towards the well being of an animal is replaced by the attitude of taking welfare measures towards the rearing of animals. One of the measures is providing the balanced animal feed which not only takes care of the health of the animal but to increase the performance of the animal. The 'performance of the animal' herein means 'the increase in economic importance' of that animal. This includes improved yield of milk from a cow, more fur growth out of a sheep and like animals, more heftier and healthier for human consumption etc.,
In the earlier days it was observed that certain essentially required nutrients were not completely bioavailable as they were removed from the digestive food before they were absorbed and utilized for the benefit of the animal. Hence a need has been aroused on how to protect the essentially required nutrients. The foremost method was encapsulation. The limitation in this method was found to be the selection of suitable compounds for encapsulation that can easily be removable inside the animal gut and at the same time should be nontoxic. The next step was towards the preparation of amino acid chelates, which is a great success in its utility. These chelates not only provide the micronutrients but also amino acids that are essential for the growth and performance of an animal. The only draw back in this method is high cost of production of this animal feed supplement. Hence there is an urgent need to cater the above disadvantages of high cost and proper bioavailability.

Therefore the inventor of the present invention started making constant efforts and researching for the proper materials and methods by which the disadvantages of the prior art can overcome. It was surprisingly found that a cost effective compound, urea, can be used for achieving the goals of the present invention.
Urea is a relatively cheaper compound and at the same time can easily form-chelated compounds with metals having empty orbitals. Urea has one oxygen, sulphur in the case of thiourea, and two nitrogens, which have lone pair of electrons that can be donated to the empty orbitals of the metal atoms thus forming the chelated compounds. According to the present invention more focus is on urea oxygen atom involving in the dative bond with the metal atom(s). Further the metal atom may satisfy its primary valency by bonding with equivalent acidic radicals.
The first object of the present invention is to use urea to form chelated compounds.
The second object of the present invention is to use the urea chelated compounds to prepare the improved animal feed.
The third object of the present invention is to manufacture the cost effective animal feed.
The fourth object of the present invention is make available of essentially required nutrients to an animal without loosing the quality and quantity during the process of digestion.
The fifth object of the present invention is to improve the health and performance of the animal.
The sixth object of the present invention is to increase the economic value of the animal.

The seventh object of the present invention, if possible, is to manufacture a organo metallic urea chelate wherein Nutritionally Relevant Anion Radical (NRAR) (s) is/are bonded to metal of the said compound.
Accordingly the present invention relates to the use of organo metallic urea chelate compound as one of the supplements of the animal feed for the preparation of improved animal feed.
Accordingly the present invention relates to an organo metallic urea chelate.
Accordingly the present invention relates to a process of preparation of organo metallic urea chelate compound.
Accordingly the present invention relates to a process of preparation of an improved animal feed, which consists of the organo metallic urea chelate compound of the present invention.
To work the present invention either urea or thiourea can be used as starting material. As urea or thiourea has the atoms capable of forming dative bonds due to availability of lone pair of electrons,it is treated with such atom(s)/compounds capable of accepting the lone pair of electrons to form the dative molecules. Oxygen in urea and sulphur in the case of thiourea, has two lone pairs of electrons and two nitrogens having a lone pair of electrons each capable of donating lone electron pair to form dative bonds. According to the present invention it is oxygen or sulphur preferably donating one of the lone pair of electrons to a metal atom either free or bonded with equivalent basic radicals, which is selected from the known list of essential micronutrients required for the animal to be fed.

According to the present invention the organo metallic urea chelate compound has the structural formula as shown below.

Wherein 'Y' defines either oxygen or sulphur preferably oxygen ; wherein 'a' defines basic radical including Nutritionally relevant anion radical (NRAR)
Nutritionally relevant anion radicals are selected from the Acetic acid, Ascorbic acid, Biotin, Citric acid, Folic acid, Formic acid, Fumaric acid, Gluconic acid, Glucoheptanoic acid, Hexanoic acid, Heptanoic acid, Hydroxide, Hydrochloric acid, Lactic acid, Malic

acid, Nicotinic acid, Octanoic acid, Pentanoic acid, Propionic acid, Phosphoric acid, Retinoic acid, Selenious acid, sulphuric acid , Tartaric acid etc.
In the above formula amine groups are shown as -NH2 because as per the invention urea molecule is the most preferred molecule for the preparation of said chelated compounds. However the substitution of hydrogens of nitrogen by any alkyl branched or straight, alkoxy, acyloxy and substituted or unsubstituted derivatives thereof are construed to be included as part of the present invention.
According to the present invention the organo metallic urea chelate compound can be used as one of the supplements along with other supplements such as enzymes, probiotics like live yeast, vitamins like vit-A, C, D3, B12 etc., drugs like antibiotics etc., without affecting the properties of the said supplements present in the animal feed. The basic animal feed that can be used is selected from Wheat, Maize, Corn, Soya, Barley, Gram etc.,
The organo metallic urea chelate compound(s) of the present invention can be prepared by the methods known in the art. The urea either with free metal or metallic compounds such as zinc bis acetate are made to react under suitable conditions optionally in the presence of a catalyst.
The advantages of the present invention are
(a) use of cheap material thereby reducing the cost of production.
(b) To increase the bioavailability of the essentially required nutrients
(c) To increase the health and performance of the animal


CLAIMS
I CLAIM,
1) The use of organo metallic urea chelate compound as one of the
supplements in the animal feed .
2) The use of the organo metallic chelate compound of claim 1 in the
presence of other supplements in the animal feed without affecting the
efficacy of the other supplements.
3) The animal feed comprising the organo metallic urea chelate compound
as claimed m the claims 1 and 2. 4) The other supplements as claimed in claims 1 and 2 is selected from a
group of known supplements such as vitamins, enzymes,probiotics,
drugs or a combination thereof.
5) The organo metallic urea chelate compound as claimed in the preceding
claims wherein the structural formula is



Wherein 'Y' defines either oxygen or sulphur preferably oxygen ; wherein 'a' defines basic radical including Nutritionally relevant anion radical (NRAR)
6) Nutritionally relevant anion radicals are selected from the Acetic acid, Ascorbic acid, Biotin, Citric acid, Folic acid, Formic acid, Fumaric acid, Gluconic acid, Glucoheptanoic acid, Hexanoic acid, Heptanoic acid, Hydroxide, Hydrochloric acid, Lactic acid, Malic acid, Nicotinic acid, Octanoic acid, Pentanoic acid, Propionic acid, Phosphoric acid, Retinoic acid, Selenious acid, sulphuric acid and Tartaric acid etc.
7) The invention as described herein above.


Documents:

0771-che-2005-abstract.pdf

0771-che-2005-claims.pdf

0771-che-2005-correspondnece-others.pdf

0771-che-2005-correspondnece-po.pdf

0771-che-2005-description(complete).pdf

0771-che-2005-form 1.pdf

0771-che-2005-form9.pdf


Patent Number 244205
Indian Patent Application Number 771/CHE/2005
PG Journal Number 48/2010
Publication Date 26-Nov-2010
Grant Date 23-Nov-2010
Date of Filing 21-Jun-2005
Name of Patentee KRISHNAN RAMU
Applicant Address 6-G, CENTURY PLAZA, 560-562 ANNA SALAI TEYNAMPET, CHENNAI600 018, TAMIL NADU
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 KRISHNAN RAMU 6-G, CENTURY PLAZA, 560-562 ANNA SALAI TEYNAMPET, CHENNAI600 018, TAMIL NADU
PCT International Classification Number IPC A23K 1/22
PCT International Application Number N/A
PCT International Filing date
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 NA