Title of Invention

"BACK BEAM STRUCTURE FOR AN AUTOMOBILE BUMPER AND A METHOD OF FORMING THE SAME"

Abstract A back beam structure of an automobile bumper in which the back beam is shaped to have the predetermined spaces respectively on top and bottom by bending one panel many times so that both ends of the panel meet at the front center of the back beam. The ends of the panel meeting at the front center of the back beam are bent to a round shape so that they contact the inner surface of the rear side of the panel. Multiple brackets are installed in intervals connecting the upper and lower parts of the back beam at the front side of the back beam.
Full Text BACK BEAM STRUCTURE OF AUTOMOBILE BUMPER
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS
This application claims priority of Korean Application No. 10-2003-0039796, filed June 19, 2003, the disclosure of which is incorporated fully herein by reference. FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a back beam structure of an automobile bumper, and more specifically, to a back beam structure in which the back beam is produced by folding one panel, with the seams of the panel connected by brackets, and a reinforcing member being separately installed at the center of the back beam. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Generally, the automobile bumpers are installed at the front and rear of an automobile to protect not only the car body and passengers but also the hood, the engine mounted in the engine room and various devices.
The bumper also should meet the impact requirements required by the laws of various countries and have high stiffness and excellent impact resistance in a wide range of temperatures. The expansion and contraction caused by temperature change should be low. The bumper is generally composed of a facia forming the outer cover of the bumper, an energy absorbing member which maintains the shape of the bumper, mitigates the impact and restores the shape at collision, and a back beam which supports the energy absorbing member and absorbs the energy at collision through elastic
deformation and plastic deformation.
A conventional back beam structure is configured to have enclosed spaces on top and bottom. Such formation of enclosed spaces increases the stiffness by increasing the section modulus with the same space. After the panel is shaped by bending to form two enclosed spaces on top and at bottom, the back beam is completed by welding the sections where the panels contact each other as a final step.
However, the conventional back beam structure has a problem in that it is finished by welding the sections connecting both ends after one is shaped by bending and thus a separate welding process is needed in the back beam shaping process, which causes a longer processing time. The conventional back beam structure is weak at the center of the back beam, which suffers the highest impact at car collision and thus the central section is severely deformed as the impact energy is concentrated on the central section. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention simplifies the back beam shaping work by connecting the ends of the panel shaped by bending using multiple brackets rather than connecting them by welding and also increases the overall stiffness of the back beam by bending both ends of the panel to be round in shape and to locally reinforce the central section of the back beam.
In preferred embodiments of the present invention a back beam structure of an automobile bumper comprises a back beam shaped to have predetermined spaces respectively on top and at bottom by bending or folding one panel many times so that both ends of the panel meet at the front center of
the back beam. Both ends of the panel meeting at the central section of the back beam are bent in rounded shapes so that they contact the inner surface of the rear side of the panel and multiple brackets are installed in intervals connecting the upper and lower parts of the back beam at the front side of the back beam.
Preferably, a reinforcing member, in which the upper and lower parts protrude forward in a bulging shape with the space between the upper and lower parts being concave in shape, is installed on the front center of the said back beam to combine the upper and lower parts of the back beam and reinforce the central section.
In an alternative embodiment of the invention, a back beam structure for an automobile bumper comprises a main panel and plural brackets. The main panel is bent around itself to form upper and lower parts that define voids. A concave space opens towards a rear of the beam structure between the upper and lower parts. The ends (edges) of the panel are brought together and bent in opposite rounded shapes to contact an inner surface of the rear facing concave space. Thefpural brackets join the upper and lower parts mounted on a front of the beam structure and spaced at intervals. Preferably, a reinforcing member is secured to a front central section of the main panel between the upper and lower parts. More preferably, the reinforcing member is formed with upper and lower forward protrusions separated by a central, concave forward space. Also, the upper and lower parts may have upper and lower surfaces, respectively, that are bent outwardly.
In an alternative embodiment, the ends of the panel that is folded into
the back beam do not come into contact but are spaced a slight distance apart from each other and from the center section of the back beam.
A method for forming a back beam structure for an automobile bumper
forms a further alternative embodiment of the invention. In such an exemplary
method, a sheet of metal is bent to form upper and lower parts defining
substantially rectangular voids with the parts being separated by a rear facing
concave open section. The upper and lower parts are joined along a bottom
side of the concave open section. The ends of the sheet of metal are joined
along an inner surface of the bottom side of the concave open section. The
ends of the sheet of metal are also formed in oppositely curved shapes wherein
bottoms of the curves lie in contact and a horizontal seam is formed along a
front surface of the beam structure. The upper and lower parts are secured
together across the seam with plural, spaced apart brackets. An additional,
alternative step may comprise securing a reinforcing member to a front central
section of the beam structure between the upper and lower parts. Another
embodiment of the invention comprises a back beam structure for an
automobile bumper made according to the steps of the disclosed method.

To meet the aforementioned objectives, the invention provides for a back beam
structure for an automobile bumper, comprising ;
A main panel bent around itself to form upper and lower parts defining elaborate
therein and a concave space opening towards a rear of the beam structure between
said upper and lower parts, wherein ends of said panel brought together and bent
in opposite rounded shapes in close proximity to an inner surface of the rear
facing concave space; and
plural brackets joining the upper and lower parts mounted on a front of the beam
structure spaced at intervals.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE ACCOMPANYING DRAWINGS
Figure 1 is the slant view showing the back beam structure of an automobile
bumper of the present invention.
Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view along the line A-A of Figure 3
Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view along the line B-B of Figure 3
Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view along the line C-C of Figure 3
Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view along line A-A of Figure 1 showing an
alternative embodiment.
Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view along line C-C of Figure 1, also showing an alternative embodiment. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
As shown in the drawings, a back beam (50) according to an embodiment of the present invention has a structure in which one panel is shaped by bending it many times to form certain enclosed spaces (C) at the upper and lower parts. Both ends of the panel meet at the front center (a) of the back beam (50).A rear central part (b) of the back beam (58) has a concave shape, whereas the enclosed spaces (C) are formed in the upper and lower parts of the back beam (50) In the illustrated embodiment, the concave shape in the rear center of the back beam is web (51); the part connected from the web (51) horizontally is the sidewall (52); the part connected from the sidewall (52) vertically is the first wall (53); and the part connected from the first wall (53) horizontally toward the front is the outer sidewall (54). The part connected from the outer sidewall (54) vertically forming the front side of the back beam (50) is the second wall (55) and both ends of the second wall (55) are shaped to meet each other at the front center (a) of the back beam (50).
Both of the ends of the panel which meet at the front center (a) of the back beam, namely both ends of the second wall (55) are bent in a round shape, like a half circle, and placed to contact the inside of the rear part of the panel, namely the inside of the web (51). Here, shaping both ends of the panel to be round shaped by bending, preferably by roll forming, provides a section modulus that increases causing the stiffness to increase and thus the
ability to withstand external energy increase.
Multiple brackets (56) are installed in intervals at the front s ide of the back beam (50) in order to connect the upper second wall (55) and the lower second wall (55) of the back beam (50) in the state that both ends of the panel, namely both ends of the second wall (55) are not combined.
Preferably, the brackets (56) installed in intervals as shown in Figure 1 connect and combine the front upper lower parts of the back beam (50) as shown in Figure 3.
The reinforcing member (60) is preferably installed in the front center of the said back beam (50) as shown in Figure 1 to combine the front upper and lower parts of the back beam (50) and also locally reinforce the relatively weak central part of the back beam (50). The reinforcing member (60) has a structure in which the upper and lower parts protrude forward in bulging shape and the space between the upper and lower parts protruding forward in bulging shape is concave in shape as shown in Figure 4.
In an a lternative embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figures 5 and 6, at area (a) the edges of the panel are bent into close proximity to each other and to the back side of the center section 51, but do not actually contact. This provides small gaps between the ends and center section that can facilitate painting and finishing operations.
The back beam of the present invention with a structure as described makes the process of forming the back beam (50) much simpler as the panel welding work is removed in this process and also the thermal deformation due to welding is not required as the panel is directly welded.
The strength at the center of the back beam that was relatively weak in the conventional technology is greatly improved by welding the multiple brackets (56) in intervals to combine the front upper and lower parts of the back beam after the forming process of the back beam (50) has been completed and installing the reinforcing member (60) at the center separately.
As described in detail, according to the back beam structure of an automobile bumper of the present invention, the process of forming the back beam becomes simpler and the thermal deformation of the panel does not happen as the panel welding work is removed in the process forming the back beam using one panel. The strength of the back beam is also locally improved by separately installing the reinforcing member at the center of the back beam, where the strength is relatively weak.









Claim:
1. A back beam structure (50) for an automobile bumper, characterized
by;
- a main panel bent around itself to form upper and lower parts defining voids (c)therein and a concave space (b) opening towards a rear of the beam structure (50)between said upper and lower parts, wherein ends of said panel brought together and bent in opposite rounded shapes in close proximity to an inner surface of the rear facing concave space (b);and
- plural brackets (56) joining the upper and lower parts mounted on a front of the beam structure (50)spaced at intervals.

2. The back beam, structure as claimed in claim 1, comprising a reinforcing member secured to a front central section of the main panel between the upper and lower parts.
3. The back beam structure as claimed in claim 2, wherein said reinforcing member is formed with upper and lower forward protrusions separated by a central, concave forward space.
4. The back beam structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein the upper and lower parts have upper and lower surfaces, respectively, that are bent outwardly.
5. The back beam structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein the ends of the panel contact each other and said inner surface of the rear facing concave space.
6. The back beam structure as claimed in claim 1, wherein the ends of the panel are spaced apart by small gaps from each other and said inner surface of the rear facing concave space.
7. A method for forming a back beam structure for an automobile bumper as claimed in claim 1, comprising;

- bending a sheet of metal to form upper and lower parts defining substantially rectangular voids with said parts being separated by a rear facing concave open section and joined along a bottom side of the concave open section;
- joining ends of the sheet of metal along an inner surface of said bottom side of the concave open section ;
- forming the ends of the sheet of metal in oppositely curved shapes wherein bottoms of said curves lie in contact and a horizontal seam is formed along a front surface of the beam structure; securing the upper and lower parts together across said seam with plural, spaced apart brackets.

8.
9.

The method as claimed in claim 7, comprising securing a reinforcing member to a front central section of the beam structure between the upper and lower parts.
A back beam structure for an automobile bumper substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

10. A method for forming a back beam structure for an automobile bumper substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawings.




Documents:

1132-del-2004-abstract.pdf

1132-del-2004-claims.pdf

1132-del-2004-complete specification (as filed).pdf

1132-del-2004-complete specification (granted).pdf

1132-del-2004-correspondence-others.pdf

1132-del-2004-correspondence-po.pdf

1132-del-2004-description (complete).pdf

1132-del-2004-drawings.pdf

1132-del-2004-form-1.pdf

1132-del-2004-form-19.pdf

1132-del-2004-form-2.pdf

1132-del-2004-form-3.pdf

1132-del-2004-form-5.pdf

1132-del-2004-gpa.pdf


Patent Number 244140
Indian Patent Application Number 1132/DEL/2004
PG Journal Number 48/2010
Publication Date 26-Nov-2010
Grant Date 19-Nov-2010
Date of Filing 15-Jun-2004
Name of Patentee HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY
Applicant Address 231, YANGJAE-DONG, SEOCHO-KU, SEOUL, KOREA.
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 YOON BYUNG KYU SEONHYUNG APT. 15-804, 592, SEONGPO-DONG, ANSAN-CITY, GYUNGGI-DO, KOREA.
PCT International Classification Number B60R 19/04
PCT International Application Number N/A
PCT International Filing date
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 10-2003-0039796 2003-06-19 Republic of Korea