Title of Invention  ''AN APPARATUS FOR ANALYZING DIGITAL IMAGE TEXTURE'' 

Abstract  An apparatus for analyzing digital image texture, said apparatus comprising: a mean/variance calculating unit which calculates a mean and a variance of pixel values of an original image; a texture descriptor setting unit which sets the mean and the variance as texture descriptors, and a filtering unit which filters the original image using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers, to obtain m x n filtered images, wherein the mean/variance calculating unit obtains, the mean (µo) and a variance (σ0) of the pixel values of the original image and the means (µ11 µ21, µmn) and variance (an, σ21 , , σmn ) of the respective filtered filter images, and wherein the texture descriptor setting unit obtains a texture descriptor having the mean (µ0) and a variance (σ0) ofthe pixel values of the original image, and the means (µ11, µ21, , µmn) and variance (σ11, σ21 , σmn) of the respective filtered images, as texture features. 
Full Text  Field of the Invention: The present invention relates to an apparatus for analyzing digital image texture and more particularly to an apparatus for analyzing the texture of a digital image using a texture descriptor. DESCRIPTION OF THE RELATED ART FIG. 1 illustrates a conventional digital image texture analyzing method. Referring to FIG. 1, filtered images are obtained by performing a predetermined filtering method (step 102), and the mean values and variances of the pixel values of the filtered images are used as texture descriptors of the images (steps 104 and 106). The texture descriptors indicate an analysis result of image texture. However, according to the conventional digital image texture analyzing method, even when the textures of an image are similar to those of another image, in the case where one image is rotated, enlarged or reduced relative to the other image, the textures of the two images are analyzed to be different. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is a first object of the present invention to provide a digital image texture analyzing method for analyzing and comparing textures of images more accurately. It is a second object of the present invention to provide a computerreadable recording medium for storing program codes for performing the digital image texture analyzing method for accomplishing the first object of the present invention. It is a third object of the present invention to provide a digital image texture analyzing apparatus for performing the digital image texture analyzing method for accomplishing the first object of the present invention. It is a fourth object of the present invention to provide a digital image searching method for searching for an image using a texture descriptor indexed by the digital image texture analyzing method for accomplishing the first object of the present invention. It is a fifth object of the present invention to provide a digital image texture analyzing method for accurately analyzing the similarity of textures of two images. It is a sixth object of the present invention to provide a computerreadable recording medium for storing program codes for performing the digital image texture analyzing method for accomplishing the fifth object of the present invention. It is a seventh object of the present invention to provide a digital image texture analyzing apparatus for performing the digital image texture analyzing method for accomplishing the fifth object of the present invention. It is an eighth object of the present invention to provide a digital image texture analyzing method for accurately analyzing that textures of two images are similar even when one image is rotated relative to the other image. It is a ninth object of the present invention to provide a computerreadable recording medium for storing program codes for performing the digital image texture analyzing method for accomplishing the eighth object of the present invention. It is a tenth object of the present invention to provide a digital image texture analyzing apparatus for performing the digital image texture analyzing method for accomplishing the eighth object of the present invention. It is an eleventh object of the present invention to provide a digital image texture analyzing method for accurately analyzing that textures of two images are similar even when one image is enlarged or reduced relative to the other image. It is a twelfth object of the present invention to provide a computerreadable recording medium for storing program codes for performing the digital image texture analyzing method for accomplishing the eleventh object of the present invention. It is a thirteenth object of the present invention to provide a digital image texture analyzing apparatus for performing the digital image texture analyzing method for accomplishing the eleventh object of the present invention. It is a fourteenth object of the present invention to provide a digital image texture analyzing method for accurately analyzing that textures of two images are similar even when one image is rotated, enlarged or reduced relative to the other image. Accordingly, to achieve the first objects, there is provided a digital image texture analyzing method including the step of obtaining a texture descriptor including the mean of the pixel values of an original image as a texture feature. Here, the texture feature may further include the variance of the pixel values of the original image. Also, the digital image texture analyzing method may include the step of obtaining a texture descriptor including the variance of the pixel values of an original image as a texture feature. According to another aspect of the invention, there is provided a digital image texture analyzing method including the steps of (a) obtaining the mean ( µ0 ) and variance ( Σ0 ) of the pixel values of an original image, (b) obtaining m x n filtered images by filtering the original image using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers, (c) calculating the means ( µ11 , µ21 µmn ) and variances ( Σ11 , Σ21 .•••, ΣMN ) of the respective filtered images, and (d) obtaining a texture descriptor having the mean ( µ0) and variance ( Σ0 ) of the pixel values of the original image obtained in the step (a), and the means ( u11 , µ21 , ..., µmn ) and variances ( Σ11 , Σ21 ,..., Σmn ) of the respective filtered images obtained in the step (c), as texture features. To achieve the second object of the present invention, there is provided a computerreadable recording medium for storing program codes for performing a digital image texture analyzing method including the steps of (a) obtaining the mean ( µ0 ) and variance (Σ0 ) of the pixel values of an original image, (b) obtaining m * n filtered images by filtering the original image using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers, (c) calculating the means ( µ11 µ21 ..., µ ) and variances (Σ 11 Σ21 ,..., Σ ) of the respective filtered "mn mn images, and (d) obtaining a texture descriptor having the mean ( UQ ) and variance (σ0) of the pixel values of the original image obtained in the step (a), and the means ( µ11 , µ21 , ..., µmn ) and variances ( σ,11 σ21 ,.., σmn ) of the respective filtered images, obtained in the step (c), as texture features. To achieve the third object of the present invention, there is provided a digital image texture analyzing apparatus including a mean/variance calculating unit for calculating the mean and variance of the pixel values of an original image, and a texture descriptor setting unit for setting the mean and variance as texture descriptors. Also, the apparatus may further include a filtering unit for filtering the original image using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers, to obtain m x n filtered images, wherein the mean/variance calculating unit obtains the mean ( µ0 ) and variance ( σ0) of the pixel values of the original image and the means ( µ11 , µ21 , ..., µmn ) and variances ( σ 11 , σ21 ,, σmn ) of the respective filtered images, and wherein the texture descriptor setting unit obtains a texture descriptor having the mean ( µ0 ) and variance ( σO ) of the pixel values of the original image, and the means (µ11 , µ21 ,..., µmn ) and variances ( σ11 ,σ21 ....σmn ) of the respective filtered images, as texture features. To achieve the fourth object of the present invention, there is provided a digital image searching method including the step of searching for an image having a similar texture descriptor to a query image using a texture descriptor having the mean and variance of the pixel values of an original image as texture features. To achieve the fifth object of the present invention, there is provided a digital image texture analyzing method for evaluating the similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matching metric between the two images, the method including the step of calculating the matching metric including absolute differences between the means of the pixel values of the two arbitrary digital images. Also, the matching metric may further include absolute differences between the variances of the pixel values of the original image. According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a digital image texture analyzing method for evaluating the similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matching metric between the two images, the method including the step of calculating the matching metric including absolute differences between the variances of the pixel values of the two arbitrary digital images. Alternatively, the digital image texture analyzing method may include the steps of (a) obtaining m x n filtered images with respect to two arbitrary images using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers, and (b) calculating the matching metric defined by: (Equation Removed) with respect to the original image and the m xn filtered images, where the mean and variance of the pixel values of the respective images are µ and σ , the mean and variance of the pixel values of the original image are µ0 and σ0 (Equation Removed) , and a() is a predetermined scaling function. . To achieve the sixth object of the present invention, there is provided a computerreadable recording medium for storing program codes for performing a digital image texture analyzing method for evaluating the similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matching metric between the two images, the method including the steps of (a) obtaining m x n filtered images with respect to two arbitrary images using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers, and (b) calculating the matching metric defined by: with respect to the original image and the m x n filtered images, where the mean and variance of the pixel values of the respective images are µ and σ , the mean and variance of the pixel values of the original image are µ0 and σ 0 , (Equation Removed) and a() is a predetermined scaling function. To achieve the seventh object of the present invention, there is provided a digital image texture analyzing apparatus for evaluating the similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matching metric between the two images, the apparatus including a filtering unit for obtaining m x n filtered images with respect to two arbitrary images using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers, and a matching metric calculating unit for calculating the matching metric defined by: (Equation Removed) with respect to the original image and the m x n filtered images, where the mean and variance of the pixel values of the respective images are µ and σ , the mean and variance of the pixel values of the original image are µ0 and σ0 . (Equation Removed) , and α() is a predetermined scaling function. To achieve the eighth object of the present invention, there is provided a digital image texture analyzing method for evaluating the similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matching metric between the two images, the method including the steps of (a) obtaining filtered images using predetermined filters having different orientation coefficients with respect to two arbitrary images, and (b) obtaining a matching metric by calculating the minimum value of the sum of i absolute differences between the means of the pixel values with respect to an arbitrary filtered image and images filtered by filters having orientation coefficients different from those of filters used for filtering the arbitrary image. According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a digital image texture analyzing method for evaluating the similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matching metric between the two images, the method including the steps of (a) obtaining filtered images using predetermined filters having different orientation coefficients with respect to two arbitrary images, and (b) obtaining a matching metric by calculating the minimum value of the sum of absolute differences between the variances of the pixel values with respect to an arbitrary filtered image and images filtered by filters having orientation coefficients different from those of filters used for filtering the arbitrary image. To achieve the ninth object of the present invention, there is provided a computerreadable recording medium for storing program codes for performing a digital image texture analyzing method for evaluating the similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matching metric between the two images, the method including the steps of (a) obtaining m * n filtered images with respect to two arbitrary images using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers, and (b) calculating the matching metric defined by: (Equation Removed) with respect to the m * n filtered images, where the mean and variance of the pixel values of the respective images are ^ and o , K is a predetermined positive integer representing the number of orientations to be considered, 0 denotes a modulo shift function, and α() is a predetermined scaling function. To achieve the tenth object of the present invention, there is provided a digital image texture analyzing apparatus for evaluating the similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matching metric between the two images, the apparatus including a filtering unit for obtaining mxn filtered images with respect to two arbitrary images by filtering the original image using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers, and a matching metric calculating unit for calculating the matching metric defined by: (Equation Removed) with respect to the m x n filtered images, where the mean and variance of the pixel values of the respective images are ^ and o , the mean and variance of the pixel values of the original image are μ0 and σ0 , K is a predetermined positive integer representing the number of orientations to be considered, (Equation Removed) ® denotes a modulo shift function, and a() is a . _ HO Mo predetermined scaling function. To achieve the eleventh object of the present invention, there is provided a digital image texture analyzing method for evaluating the similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matching metric between the two images, the method including the steps of (a) obtaining filtered images using predetermined filters having different scale coefficients with respect to two arbitrary images, and (b) obtaining a matching metric by calculating the minimum value of the sum of absolute differences between the means of the pixel values with respect to an arbitrary filtered image and images filtered by filters having scale coefficients different from those of filters used for filtering the arbitrary image. According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a digital image texture analyzing method for evaluating the similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matching metric between the two images, the method including the steps of (a) obtaining filtered images using predetermined filters having different scale coefficients with respect to two arbitrary images, and (b) obtaining a matching metric by calculating the minimum value of the sum of absolute differences between the variances of the pixel values with respect to an arbitrary 'filtered image and images filtered by filters having scale coefficients different from those of filters used for filtering the arbitrary image. To achieve the twelfth object of the present invention, there is provided a computerreadable recording medium for storing program codes for performing a digital image texture analyzing method for evaluating the similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matching metric between the two images, the method including the steps of (a) obtaining m x n filtered images with respect to two arbitrary images by filtering the original image using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers, and (b) calculating the matching metric defined by: (Equation Removed) with respect to the original image and the m x n filtered images, where the mean and variance of the pixel values of the respective images are μ and σ , S is a predetermined positive integer representing the number of scale coefficients to be considered, and α() is a predetermined scaling function. To achieve the thirteenth object of the present invention, there is provided a digital image texture analyzing apparatus for evaluating the similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matching metric between the two images, the apparatus including a filtering unit for obtaining m x n filtered images with respect to two arbitrary images by filtering the original image using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers, and a matching metric calculating unit for calculating the matching metric defined by: (Equation Removed) with respect to the original image and the m x n filtered images, where the mean and variance of the pixel values of the respective images are μ and σ , S is a predetermined positive integer representing the number of scale coefficients to be considered, and α() is a predetermined scaling function. To achieve the fourteenth object of the present invention, there is provided a digital image texture analyzing method for evaluating the similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matchingmetric between the two images, the method including the steps of (a) obtaining filtered images using predetermined filters having different orientation and scale coefficients with respect to two arbitrary images, and (b) obtaining a matching metric by calculating the minimum value of the sum of absolute differences between the variances and means of the pixel values with respect to an arbitrary filtered image and images filtered by filters having scale and orientation coefficients different from those of filters used for filtering the arbitrary image. Statement of the Invention: Accordingly, the present application provides a method for analyzing digital image texture, sVd method comprising the steps of: (a) obtaining a mean (i0) and a variance (er0) of the pixel values of an original image; (b) obtaining m x n filtered images by filtering the original image using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers; (c) calculating mea\s (un, u.2i, , umn) and variances (an, a2i , , a™) of the respective filtered images; and (d) obtaining a texture o^scriptor having the mean (u0) and the variance (o0) of the pixel values of the original image obtained in step (a), and the means (u.n, U2i, , Hmn) and variances (an, 021 , , amn) of the respective filtered images obtained in step (c), as^exture features. The present application provides an apparatus for analyzing digital image texture, said apparatus comprising: a mean/variance calculating unit which calculates a mean and a variance of pixel values of an original image; a texture descriptor setting unit which sets the mean and the variance as texture descriptors, and a filtering unit which filters the original image using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers, to obtain m x n filtered images, wherein the mean/variance calculating unit obtains, the mean (μ0) and a variance (a0) of the pixel values of the original image and the means (μ11, μ21, , μmn) and variance (Σ11, σ21, σmn) of the respective filtered filter images, and wherein the texture descriptor setting unit obtains a texture descriptor having the mean (uo) and a variance (a0) of the pixel values of the original image, and the means (nn, μ21, , μmn) and variance (Σ11, σ21 , , σnm) of the respective filtered images, as texture features. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The above objects and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent by describing in detail a preferred embodiment thereof with reference to the attached drawings in which: FIG. 1 illustrates a conventional digital image texture analyzing method; FIG. 2 is block diagram illustrating a digital image texture analyzing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 3 is a flow chart illustrating major steps of a digital image texture analyzing method according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 4 is block diagram illustrating a digital image texture analyzing apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention; and FIGS. 5 through 7 are flow charts illustrating major steps of a digital image texture analyzing method according to another embodiments of the present invention performed by the apparatus shown in FIG. 4. DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Preferred embodiments of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. FIG. 2 is block diagram illustrating a digital image texture analyzing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 3 is a flow chart illustrating major steps of a digital image texture analyzing method according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 3 will be occasionally referred to below. First, referring to FIG. 2, the digital image texture analyzing apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention includes a first mean/variance calculating unit 202, a filtering unit 204, a second mean/variance calculating unit 206 and a texture descriptor setting unit 208. The operation of the digital image texture analyzing apparatus will now be described. The first mean/variance calculating unit 202 calculates the mean and variance of the pixel values of an original image, μ0 and σ0 (step 302). Next, the filtering unit 204 obtains m xn filtered images using Garbor filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations (m and n are predetermined positive integers) (step 304). Then, the second mean/variance calculating unit 206 calculates the means and variances of the respective filtered images μ11 , Σ11 . μ21 , σ21 ,, μmn , σmn (step 306). Now, the texture descriptor setting unit 208 obtains a texture descriptor in the form f{μ0µσµ21σ21...µmnσmn ) . containing the mean and variance of the pixel values of the original image obtained in the step 302, ^ and o0 , and the means and variances of the respective filtered images µ11 . σ11 , µ21 . σ21 ,..., µmn , σmn obtained in the step 306 (step 308). The texture descriptor is used in indexing images. The indexed images form an image database. If the image database is formed, of the two indexed images, an image having a texture descriptor similar to a texture descriptor of a query image can be searched for. In particular, in order to search for an image similar to a query image using a texture descriptor having the mean and variance of the pixel values of an original image as texture features based on the analyzing method of the present invention, simulation was performed. The simulation result showed that the searching efficiency was improved. FIG. 4 is a block diagram of a digital image texture analyzing apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 5 is a flow chart illustrating major steps of a digital image texture analyzing method according to another embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 5 will be occasionally referred to below. Referring to FIG. 4, the digital image texture analyzing apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention includes a filtering unit 402 and a matching metric calculating unit 404. The operation of the digital image texture analyzing apparatus will now be described. The filtering unit 402 obtains m x n filtered images with respect to two arbitrary images using Garbor filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations (m and n are predetermined positive integers) (step 502). The matching metric calculating unit 404 calculates the matching metric defined by: with respect to the original image and the m * n filtered images, where the mean and variance of the pixel values of the respective images are µ and σ , the mean and variance of the pixel values of the original image are µ0 and σ0 , (Equation Removed) denotes a scaling function for normalizing individual feature components. Thus, α(µm, n) and α(σm,n) are scaled mean and variance of the respective feature components of the descriptors over an entire database. The calculated matching metric indicates a difference between texture features of the two images. In other words, if the value of the calculated matching metric is smaller, the textures of the two images are determined to be similar to each other. According to the abovedescribed digital image texture analyzing method, the similarity between two arbitrary digital images can be determined by obtaining the matching metric between two images. Also, the digital image texture analyzing method can be applied to search for an image using the texture features of the image. FIG. 6 is a flow chart illustrating major steps of a digital image texture analyzing method according to another embodiments of the present invention performed by the apparatus shown in FIG. 4. In this embodiment, the filtering unit 402 obtains m * n filtered images with respect to two arbitrary images by filtering the original image using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations (m and n are predetermined positive integers) (step 602). Next, the matching metric calculating unit 404 calculates the matching metric defined by: (Equation Removed) with respect to the m * n filtered images, where the mean and variance of the pixel values of the respective images are µ and σ , the mean and variance of the pixel values of the original image are µ0 and σ0 , K is a predetermined positive integer representing the number of orientations to be considered, (Equation Removed) ® denotes a modulo shift function, and α() is a predetermined scaling function (step 604). The calculated matching metric indicates a difference between texture features of the two images. In other words, if the value of the calculated matching metric is smaller, the textures of the two images are determined to be similar to each other. In particular, only when the texture features of two images are similar and one image is rotated relative to the other image, the thuscalculated matching metric allows accurate analysis, that is, it is determined that the two images have similar texture features. In other words, even when one image is just rotated relative to the other image, it is determined that the texture features of the two images are similar to each other, unlike in the conventional analyzing method. According to the abovedescribed digital image texture analyzing method, the similarity between two arbitrary digital images can be determined by obtaining the matching metric between two images. Also, the digital image texture analyzing method can be applied to search for an image using the texture features of the image. In the abovedescribed embodiment, it has been described that the matching metric is obtained by calculating the sum of absolute differences in the mean of the pixel values and the sum of absolute differences between the variances of the pixel values, and calculating the minimum value of an added value of the calculated sums, with respect to an arbitrary filtered image and images filtered by Garbor filters having orientation coefficients different from those of filters used for filtering the arbitrary image. However, the matching metric can also be obtained by calculating the minimum value of the sum of absolute differences in the mean of the pixel values with respect to an arbitrary filtered image and images filtered by Garbor filters having orientation coefficients different from those of filters used for filtering the arbitrary image. Alternatively, the matching metric can also be obtained by calculating the minimum value of the sum of absolute differences between the variances of the pixel values with respect to an arbitrary filtered image and images filtered by Garbor filters having orientation coefficients different from those of filters used for filtering the arbitrary image. FIG. 7 is a flow chart illustrating major steps of a digital image texture analyzing method according to another embodiments of the present invention performed by the apparatus shown in FIG. 4. In this embodiment, the filtering unit 402 obtains mx n filtered images with respect to two arbitrary images using Garbor filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations (m and n are positive integers) (step 702). Next, the matching metric calculating unit 404 calculates the matching metric defined by: (Equation Removed) with respect to the original image and the m x n filtered images, where the mean and variance of the pixel values of the respective images are µ and σ , the mean and variance of the pixel values of the original image are µ and o . (Equation Removed) S is a predetermined positive integer representing the number . _ of scale coefficients to be considered, and α() is a predetermined scaling function. The calculated matching metric indicates a difference between texture features of the two images. In other words, if the value of the calculated matching metric is smaller, the textures of the two images are determined to be similar to each other. In particular, only when the texture features of two images are similar and one image is enlarged or reduced relative to the other image, the thuscalculated matching metric allows accurate analysis, that is, it is determined that the two images have similar texture features. In other words, even when one image is just enlarged or reduced relative to the other image, it is determined that the texture features of the two images are similar to each other, unlike in the conventional analyzing method. According to the abovedescribed digital image texture analyzing method, the similarity between two arbitrary digital images can be determined by obtaining the matching metric between two digital images. Also, the digital image texture analyzing method can be applied to search for an image using the texture features of the image. In the abovedescribed embodiment, it has been described that the matching metric is obtained by calculating the sum of absolute differences in the mean of the pixel values and the sum of absolute differences between the variances of the pixel values, and calculating the minimum value of an added value of the calculated sums, with respect to an arbitrary filtered image and images filtered by Garbor filters having scale coefficients different from those of filters used for filtering the arbitrary image. The matching metric can also be obtained by calculating the minimum value of the sum of absolute differences in the mean of the pixel values with respect to an arbitrary filtered image and images filtered by Garbor filters having scale coefficients different from those of filters used for filtering the arbitrary image. Alternatively, the matching metric can also be obtained by calculating the minimum value of the sum of absolute differences between the variances of the pixel values with respect to an arbitrary filtered image and images filtered by Garbor filters having orientation coefficients different from those of filters used for filtering the arbitrary image. The technologies applied to the embodiments described above with reference to FIGS. 6 and 7 can be used in appropriate combinations as understood by one skilled in the art. According to the digital image texture analyzing method of the present invention, even when one image is rotated, enlarged or reduced relative to the other image, the two images can be accurately analyzed, that is, it is determined that they have similar texture features. The embodiments based on the combinations of the abovedescribed embodiments shown in FIGS. 6 and 7 will not be described herein. As described above, in the digital image texture analyzing method according to the present invention, the texture features of images can be analyzed or compared accurately. Also, according to the digital image texture analyzing method of the present invention, even when one image is rotated, enlarged or reduced relative to the other image, accurate analysis of the two images is allowed, that is, i is determined that they have similar texture features. WE CLAIM; 1. An apparatus for analyzing digital image texture, said apparatus comprising: a mean/variance calculating unit which calculates a mean and a variance of pixel values of an original image; a texture descriptor setting unit which sets the mean and the variance as texture descriptors, and a filtering unit which filters the original image using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers, to obtain m x n filtered images, wherein the mean/variance calculating unit obtains, the mean (µ0) and a variance (σ0) of the pixel values of the original image and the means (µ11, µ21 , µMN) and variance (σ11, σ21, σ™) of the respective filtered filter images, and wherein the texture descriptor setting unit obtains a texture descriptor having the mean (µ0) and a variance (σ0) of the pixel values of the original image, and the means (µ11,µ21 , µMN) and variance (σ11, σ21 σmn) of the respective filtered images, as texture features. 2. An apparatus for analyzing digital image texture analyzing apparatus for evaluating a similarity of textures of two arbitrary digital images by obtaining a matching metric between the two arbitrary images as claimed in claim 1, the apparatus comprising: (a) a filtering unit which obtains m x n filtered images with respect to the two arbitrary images using predetermined filters, each having a unique combination of one of m scales and one of n orientations, where m and n are predetermined positive integers; and (b) a matching metric calculating unit such as herein described for calculating the matching metric. 3. The apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein the predetermined filters are Gabor filters. 4. The Apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein the matching metric is defined by equation 1 such as herein described. 5. The apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein the matching metric is defined by: dm,n(i j) as defined by equation 2 such as herein described. 6. The apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein the matching metric is defined by: d(i j) as defined by equation 3 such as herein described. 7. The apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein the matching metric is defined by: d(i j) as defined by equation 4 such as herein described. 8. An apparatus for analyzing digital image texture substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawings. 

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855del2000description (complete).pdf
Patent Number  242778  

Indian Patent Application Number  855/DEL/2000  
PG Journal Number  38/2010  
Publication Date  17Sep2010  
Grant Date  10Sep2010  
Date of Filing  21Sep2000  
Name of Patentee  SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO. LTD.  
Applicant Address  416 MAETANDONG, PALDALGU, SUWONCITY, KYUNGKIDO REPUBLIC OF KOREA  
Inventors:


PCT International Classification Number  G06T 7/40  
PCT International Application Number  N/A  
PCT International Filing date  
PCT Conventions:
