|Title of Invention||
"A CENTRIFUGAL JIG"
|Abstract||A centrifugal jig has a container mounted for rotation about its longitudinal axis (22), separated into an. axial region (32) and a peripheral region by ragging material (41) supported by a screen (30). The peripheral region is composed of a series of hutch chambers (34) with reciprocating wall portions (45) located radially outside the screen. (30), for repetitively dilating the ragging. Also disclosed is a hutch, chamber construction applicable to both rotary and non-rotary jigs, having a reciprocating wall portion. (45) which includes convergent wall surfaces leading to the hutch chamber concentrate outlet (44).|
|Full Text||The present invention relates to a centrifugal jig.
BACKGROUND OF INVENTION
This invention relates to jigs which separate materials in a feed mixture on the basis of differing specific gravities and especially, but not exclusively, to centrifugal jigs of the general type described in International Patent Publication Nos. WO86/04269 and WO90/00090, in which a feed slurry is introduced into a rotating chamber bounded radially by a screen provided with ragging on its inner surface, the ragging being dilated repetitively to provide jigging action.
In WO86/04269, the ragging is dilated by pulsing the water in a hutch chamber which surrounds the screen. The water is pulsed by means of a diaphragm positioned at the base of the hutch chamber. In WO90/00090, a number of hutch chambers are circumferentially spaced about the jig screen, with the water in the hutch chambers being pulsed sequentially. Each hutch chamber has a diaphragm positioned below the screen, with the diaphragms being actuated by respective pushrods driven by a central crank assembly.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention seeks to provide an improved pulsating mechanism for a jig.
In a first form, the invention provides a centrifugal jig having a container mounted for rotation about its longitudinal axis, the container having an axial region, a peripheral region separated from the axial region by ragging which is radially restrained by screen means, means for introducing feed material to the axial region and means for pulsating fluid in said peripheral region so as to repetitively dilate said ragging, characterised in that the pulsating means is located directly radially outwards of said screen means.
A further form of the invention provides a method of separating components of a feed material on the basis of specific gravity in a container of a centrifugal jig which has an
axial region, a peripheral region separated from the axial region by ragging which is radially restrained by screen means, including the steps of rotating the container about its longitudinal axis, introducing the feed material to the axial region and repetitively dilating the ragging by means of pulsating means located directly radially outwards of the screen means.
Preferably, the pulsating means includes a reciprocating wall portion of one or more hutch chambers which comprise the peripheral region, most preferably a portion of a radially outer wall of the hutch chamber, including convergent wall surfaces which lead to the hutch chamber concentrate outlet.
Preferably, the reciprocating wall portion of each hutch chamber reciprocates along a substantially radial line of action which intersects with the screen.
A yet further form of the invention, applicable both to centrifugal and gravity (non-rotary) jigs, provides a jig having at least one hutch chamber, said hutch chamber having a reciprocating wall portion which includes convergent wall surfaces leading to a hutch chamber concentrate outlet.
Accordingly, the present invention relates to a centrifugal jig having a container mounted for rotation about a longitudinal axis thereof, the container having an axial region, a peripheral region having one or more hutch chambers separated from the axial region by a screen, a feed inlet for introducing feed material to the axial region and a pulsator for pulsating fluid in said peripheral region so as to repetitively dilate a ragging material restrained by said screen, characterised in that the pulsator is located directly radially outwards of said screen and has a reciprocating radially outer wall portion of the respective hutch chamber, each reciprocating wall portion having a concentrate outlet and a convergent wall surface leading thereto.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE ACCOMPANYING DRAWINGS
Further preferred embodiments of the invention shall now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is sectional elevation of a centrifugal jig employing a preferred pulsing hutch arrangement; and
Fig. 2 is a sectional elevation of the screen, hutch and pulsating assembly sown in Fig. 1.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
Fig. 1 shows a centrifugal jig of the general type according to the Applicant's
W090/00090 but employing a ptilsion mechanism according to the present invention. The general construction and operation of the jig are described in detail in that patent, the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference, and shall now be described here only briefly.
The centifugal b of fig. 1 1ms a flame 10 isuppuiliug a jig vJiivc mului 12, a wiank diivt motor 13, a fixed launder arrangement 14 and cover 16 and a jig main shall IS which is supported in bearings 20 to rotate about a rotational axis 22,
The main shaft 1.8 is driven by the jig drive motor 12 through jig drive pulley 21 and jig drive belt 26. Mounted on the main shaft is a screen .housing .78 supporting a scrpen .it.) defining on inner chamber 32 and a number of hutch chambers 34 circumferentially Spaced about the screen. Mounted imi.de the jig main shaft for independent rotation in hearings 35 is a crankshaft 36 with crank 38 for reciprocating a respective pu.sh.rod -10 for each, huteh charopher
Ragging material 41 (shown in Fig. 2), such as run of mill garnet, aluminium alloy or lead glass balls, is provided on the inner surface uf the screen 30. The ragging is held against rhc surface of the screen due to the rotation of the jig. The feed slurry entering the inner chamber 32 through the fep.n tube 42 migrates to the inner surface of the ragging.
Hutch water is supplied to tube 43, passing through bores (not shown) in the screen housing 30, into each of the hutch chambers 34 circwnfere.ntially spaced about the screen. The crank 38 sequentially reciprocates a seiies of radially extending pushrods 40, with each pushrod in turn reciprocating a respective hutch chamber 34, as will be described below with reference to Fig. 2. The rccipiocatiou of the hutches causes pulsation of the water m the respective hutches.
The ragging is repetitively dilated by the pulsation of the hutch water. This dilation allows the. higher specific gravity material in the feed slurry to pass through the ragging
and the screen and enter the hutch chambers. The concentrate material then, travels along the convergent walls 45 of the hutch to the radially outermost part of the hutch chamber and passes through concentrate outlet spigot 44, which is aligned with a gap in the inner wall of a concentrate launder 46. The lower specific gravity material in the feed slurry does not pass through the ragging, but passes upwardly and escapes past the open top 48 of the inner chamber and then to a tailings launder 50.
The jig of Fig. I is mounted for rotation on nil inclined axis 22 so that the ragging and feed material in the jig will fall to the lower side of the jig when the jig is stopped or is rotated only slowly. The .inclined a>;is also requires the use of only one outlet from each of the tailings and concentrate launders.
Screen cleaning apparatus 54 is mounted on the stationary jig cover 16 and extends into 'the high side uf lhc jig, piviji.ii.ig and teli aciiug between a cleaning position (shown in Fig. 1) for cleaning the screen and a withdrawn position (shown in ghost) radially inwards of the jig feed material, during normal operation of the jig. The cleaning apparatus includes a high pressure water spray 56 and a series of scraper wheels 58 depending from cantilevered cleaner head 59 and acting against the inner surface of the screen, which will typically have a large number of circumferential.]}- elongate slots extending therethrough. The wheels have a series uf projecting blades 60 disposed diagonally on their circumference for forcing particles accumulated on the screen to be sheared off at the screen surface and then forced through the screen by the water spray. The wheels are
resiliently mounted so as not to cause damage to the screen when an unusually resistant Particle is encountered.
In an unillustrated modification, the screen cleaner can include a plurality of spring-mounted buttons on the end face of an enlarged cantilevered cleaner head 59 instead of using scraper wheels 58. The buttons may be moved up and down across the screen surface to shear off lodged particles for removal by the water spray 56.
The screen cleaning arrangement is applicable to centrifugal jigs and other equipment
employing rotating screens.
Fig- 2 illustrates the new pulsing hutch assembly in more detail,
With reference LO Fig. 2, the inner surfaces of the huic-li chamber walls are convergent In the direction of travel of a particle - i-e. radially outwards for a centrifugal jig as illustrated, or downwards for a non-rotary jig (not shown) - for example conical or rectangular pyramidal, with the concentrate outlet spigot 44 at its apex. The radially inwards portion 62 of the hutch is part of the casting of the jig screen bousing 28, while the radially outwards part surrounding and attached to the outlet spigot 44 is formed by a diaphragm 64 backed by a support block 66. Each support block is attached to the upper end of a lever 68 pivoting about a fulcrum member 70 attached to the screen housing 28. The lower end of each lever is attached to a respective pushrod 40.
Mien each pushrod 40 is forced radially outwards by the crank 38.. the respective lever 68 forces radially inwards movement of the hutch diaphragm 64r with the resultant pulsation of the hutch water in the hutch chamber causing dilation of the ragging. The concentrate material passes through the ragging and exits the hutch chamber via outlet spigot 44 as discussed above in relation to Fig. 1,
The heavy block. 66 behind the diaphragm causes the hutch to be strongly biased toward the radially outwards (non-pulsing) position under influence of the centrifugal motion of the jig. This causes the hutch to quickly and positively return to this position after •^tnatmn nf til* fimhmd by thf r.rfltiV. holding the pushrods 40 against the crank 38 with little or no "bounce". This is an advance over the prior art, in which the pulse water pressure was used to force the diaphragm return, and gives protection against damage to the machine hi the event of the hutch water supply being interrupted.
A spring actuated lever return 72 may also be provided to hold the hutch in the non-pulsed position when the jig is stationary or is being rotated at very low speeds for routine maintenance.
By providing the pulsators directly and centrally opposite the respective portions of the screen, in accordance with the first form of the invention, the depth of water through which each pulse is transferred from the pulsator to the ragging is decreased. This allows higher pulsation rates with greater coupling between the pulsator and the ragging, resulting in less water hammer and smoother operation of the jig.
Other advantages of preferred .forms of the invention are increased energy efficiency and smoother operation caused by a reduction in the volume of the hutch chamber, and tlms the volume of water pulsated, as it is no longer necessary to extend the hutch chamber below the level of the screen. The volume of the hutch may be further reduced as the the rapid pulsation of the hutch, wall portion containing the convergent walls and concentrate outlet assists discharge of the concentrate from the hutch. Higher density concentrate slurries can pass through the hutch and the wall angle of the hutch can be reduced without accumulation of concentrate on the hutch wall, thus allowing the use of a flatter, more compact hutch. The reduction in hutch volume gives scope for production of higher capacity jigs than capable with the prior art pxUsion mechanisms.
A yet further advantage is more even dilation of the bed of ragging, allowing more efficient use of the screen area and therefore increasing the throughput capacity of the jig, due to the pulsator.
While particular embodiments of this invention have been described, it will be evident to those skilled in the art. mat the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms
and examples are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.
1. A centrifugal jig having a container (28) mounted for rotation
about a longitudinal axis thereof, the container having an
axial region, a peripheral region having one or more hutch
chambers (34) separated from the axial region by a screen
(30), a feed inlet (42) for introducing feed material to the axial
region and a pulsator (64) for pulsating fluid in said
peripheral region so as to repetitively dilate a ragging
material restrained by said screen, characterised in that
the pulsator is located directly radially outwards of said
screen and has a reciprocating radially outer wall portion
(64) of the respective hutch chamber, each reciprocating wall
portion having a concentrate outlet (44) and a convergent
wall surface (64) leading thereto.
2. A centrifugal jig as claimed in claim 1 wherein the peripheral
region has a plurality of said hutch chambers
circumferentially spaced about said axis, each hutch
chamber having a respective reciprocating drive for actuating
the respective reciprocating wall portion.
3. A centrifugal jig as claimed in claim 2 wherein the
reciprocating drive has a lever driven by a respective pushrod
and crank for reciprocating each of the pushrods.
4. A centrifugal jig as claimed in claim 4 wherein each
reciprocating wall portion is biased to a non-pulsing position
by centrifugal motion of the jig.
5. A centrifugal jig as claimed in claim 4 wherein each
reciprocating wall portion includes a diaphragm with a
6. A centrifugal jig as claimed in claim 1 wherein each
reciprocating wall portion reciprocates along a radial line of
action which intersects with the screen.
7. A centrifugal jig, substantially as hereinbefore described with
reference to and illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
|Indian Patent Application Number||2456/DEL/1998|
|PG Journal Number||36/2010|
|Date of Filing||20-Aug-1998|
|Name of Patentee||LOWAN (MANAGEMENT) PTY. LIMITED|
|Applicant Address||596 ANZAC HIGHWAY, EAST GLENELG, SOUTH AUSTRALIA 5045, AUSTRALIA.|
|PCT International Classification Number||B03B 7/00|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|