|Title of Invention||
ATTACHMENT MEANS FOR A COSMETIC DISPENSER
|Abstract||An improved dispenser secures the cap (2) to the bottle(5), and especially to the housing, by a plurality of sets of mounting elements(10, 41), one (10) of which comprises a cam (12) providing axial movement of the cap (2) when it is rotated around the bottle (5) and the other (41) a follower (43), such a lug and bayonet. One element (41) is mounted on the interior of the cap (2) and the other (10) on the exterior of the bottle/housing (5). The mounting elements on the bottle/housing advantageously are separated both laterally around the periphery and axially so as to permit the mounting elements on the cap to pass axially between adjacent bottle elements and the cap to be rotated until matched sets of elements are brought into contact.|
THE PATENTS ACT, 1970
(39 of 1970)
The Patents Rules, 2003
(See Section 10 and Rule 13)
ATTACHMENT MEANS FOR A COSMETIC DISPENSER
HINDUSTAN LEVER LIMITED, a company incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 and having its registered office at Hindustan Lever House, 1657166, Backbay Reclamation, Mumbai -400 020, Maharashtra, India
The following specification particularly describes the invention and the manner in which it is to be performed
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Attachment Means for a Cosmetic Dispenser
5 The present invention relates to attachment means for a cosmetic dispenser, and especially to improvements in a dispenser of a fluid.
Herein the term fluid indicates a material other than a gas
which is capable of flowing without retaining its physical
shape and accordingly excludes firm solids which retain
their shape when subjected to mild pressure. The term
15 includes liquids or creams which may be aqueous or anhydrous
and flowable particulate solids. In particular, the present
invention is directed to dispensers of a liquid of low or
20 Fluids are employed widely for many home and personal care applications, such as for the dispensing of washing formulations, washing or rinsing additives such as bleaches and fabric conditioners, surface cleansers and/or disinfectants including toilet cleansers, and cosmetics,
25 toiletries or medicaments for the topical application of an active substance to the human or animal body. Dispensers for cosmetic fluids commonly comprise a bottle having an opening through which the contents of the dispenser flow out under gravity or under mild pressure exerted by grasping the
30 dispenser or are conveyed out by a flow regulator. One
commonly employed class of dispenser is often called a roll-on. In a roll-on dispenser, a housing defines the opening within which a rotatable ball or roller is seated,
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dimensioned such that in operation there is a narrow passage
between the ball or roller and its housing connecting the interior- of the dispenser bottle with its exterior. However, other and related classes of cosmetic fluid
5 dispensers can be contemplated employing other or related flow regulators.
Background and Prior Art
10 Roll-on dispensers are very popular for dispensing liquids and to a more limited extent for dispensing powders since the ball or roller acts as an efficient way of distributing the contents of the dispenser over skin or other application surfaces. However, the dispenser has one potential
15 disadvantage. If the closure of the dispenser is not applied properly and tightly, there is a risk of the contents leaking out of the dispenser if it has fallen on its side or if it is a so-called invert dispenser, by which is meant herein a dispenser in which the opening of the
20 dispenser under its normal storage orientation is at the
bottom of the dispenser or if an upright dispenser is stored in an invert orientation in order to ensure that its contents is employed to the last drop. It will be recognised that if the closure is not fluid tight, then the
25 fluid contents can flow out. This is both wasteful and potentially messy.
Commonly, the closure for roll-on dispensers comprises a cap
which fits over and around the housing for the ball or
30 roller. The cap advantageously has a side-wall so
dimensioned and/or an interior wall extending centrally from its closed end which engages the ball or roller and urges
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the latter towards the interior surface of the housing, closing the gap between the two of them and effecting a fluid-tight fit. This entails moving the cap towards the dispenser, axially, during the securing operation (and
5 herein this is sometimes called downwards) and commonly for roll-on dispensers this is achieved by co-operating screw threads on respectively the interior face of the cap and the exterior face of the housing or bottle. In order to be effective, at least once complete turn of the screw threads
10 around the housing or bottle and the cap is needed,
otherwise the cap when fitted does not apply balanced axial forces around the perimeter of the ball, and rocking of the cap on the housing is possible, so that there is a significant risk of leakage from the dispenser. However, if
15 greater than a single turn of screw threads is employed,
that too introduces potential difficulties. Most humans are unable to rotate a cap for a complete turn around a
dispenser housing, or if they can do so, the rotational force at or approaching the 360 degree point is very weak,
20 whereas it is at that time in the procedure for fitting the cap when the greatest force is needed to tighten the screw. This means that the cap must be released from the hand, the cap hand reoriented relative to the cap, and the rotated further. The dispenser bottle/housing could alternatively
25 be rotated relative to the cap, but the problem is the same. Many humans are rather lazy or in today's world are rushing to save time for activities perceived to be more important than securing a cap onto a bottle. Accordingly, there remains a risk that the consumer will fail to rotate the cap
30 adequately if the cap employs a screw thread. Furthermore, the reverse problem can also arise with screw threaded closures, namely over-threading, because the leading edge of
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a thread is normally chamfered so as to assist in seating of the thread into its groove. Over-rotation can cause distortion of the cap and with a consequential immediate risk of incomplete closure or of the cap not being properly
5 secured in a subsequent closure.
Roll-on dispensers employing a screw-thread connection between cap and bottle are described in for example in GB 2272186, GB2275024, US2968826, US6511243, WO 00/49908 and WO
10 00/64302. Such dispensers are commonly available
commercially in 2003, ranging from world-wide brands such as
Rexona™, Dove™ and Axe™ through to brands available regionally or locally such as own label brands in supermarkets. Dispensers intended for storage in an invert
15 orientation are described in the above-mentioned US6511243 and are commercially available under the brand Avon. However, many existing commercially available roll-on dispensers in June 2004 have been capable of standing in both an upright and invert orientation, such as those under
20 the above-mentioned global brands and Amplex™. All of these employed a screw thread to attach the cap to the dispenser body.
Screw threads are not the only means previously contemplated 25 for attaching a cap to a bottle or jar. An alternative
system comprises a so-called bayonet system which employs a plurality of sets of engagement means, each set comprising a bayonet that is rotated into a locking recess in a mating lug. Such a system is described in each of US 4434903, US
30 4223795 and US 4059198, amongst others, for attaching a cap to upright bottles, sometimes in combination with or in the
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fluid which avoided one or more of the risks or disadvantages associated with a conventional screw thread mounting means but at the same time ensured a desired orientation of the cap relative to the bottle of dispenser.
Summary of the invention
According to the first aspect of the present invention there is provided a cosmetic dispenser for a fluid in accordance
10 with claim 1 hereinafter.
Herein the terms inward and outward when employed axially as in inward end and outward end in respect of a housing intended for mounting on or integral mounding with a bottle
15 reservoir refer respectively to the end adjacent to and the end remote from the reservoir. Axial relates to an axis extending centrally through the inward and outward ends of the housing. Herein, the terms upward, downward, above and below when employed in respect of the dispenser and its
20 constituent parts refer to when the. dispenser is in an
upright orientation, which is to say the cap is above the bottle.
The dispenser of the present invention comprises a bottle
25 having an outlet defined by a housing for a flow regulator, commonly a roller or ball, by which is meant herein a chamber dimensioned to receive the flow regulator, having a side wall shaped to define an upper and a lower aperture each of narrower diameter than the flow regulator, thereby
30 retaining the flow regulator in its chamber. Particularly suitable flow regulators comprise a roller or ball, the housing allowing the roller or ball to protrude both within
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context of child resistant closures. The bayonet systems disclosed in said patent specifications commonly mount each set of bayonet/lug symmetrically and at the same axial spacing from the respective mouths of the cap and bottle.
5 They can be described as simple multi-start systems. Such an arrangement of bayonets and lugs means that any bayonet can be mated with any lug, which is acceptable if the cap is symmetrical. However, if the cap and bottle exhibit a degree of asymmetry, for example from their shape, pattern,
10 configuration or adornment, such simple symmetry creates the risk of a user replacing the cap in an incorrect orientation.
Although the problem of obtaining a fluid seal preventing
15 egress of liquid by rotation of the cap relative to bottle has been described in the context of a roll-on dispenser, it will be recognised that a similar seal is needed if an alternative flow regulator were to be employed.
20 A further possible complication is that designers of
cosmetic dispensers are seeking ways to differentiate their containers from those of competitors. This assists in product recognition and assists the customer to select the same product again if he or she has been satisfied by its
25 performance. One way of achieving packaging distinctiveness is by creating a less symmetrical shape for the dispenser and a corresponding shape for the cap. In order to preserve the integrity of such a design, the cap needs to fit on the dispenser in a unique orientation.
Accordingly, it would be desirable to devise a means of securing a cap onto a dispenser for a hand-held cosmetic
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the interior and into the exterior of the bottle and provide with the housing a passageway for fluid to flow or be conveyed from within the bottle reservoir onto a surface which comes into contact with the roller or ball.
Advantageously, by providing a multi-start system for mounting the cap on the bottle for a cosmetic fluid dispenser as defined in claim 1, it is possible to reduce the risk of consumers failing to close the dispenser
10 properly after use. Simultaneously, the invention mounting system releases designers of cosmetic fluid dispensers from the constraints of simple designs such as plain cylindrical designs, by ensuring that even asymmetric designs can enjoy proper alignment of cap and bottle to retain the desired
15 design every time. The invention mounting system is able to achieve its objectives by forming matched pairs of mounting elements. By matched pairs is meant that the co-operating elements are located at the appropriate axial distance relative to the mouth of the cap and first end of the bottle
20 respectively such that when the cap is presented over the housing and is rotated around the first, open end of the bottle, the two elements come into contact.
In the invention mounting system, the individual mounting
25 elements on the bottle are spaced apart around the periphery of the bottle, the distance between them being enough to form passageways between adjacent mounting elements through which the mounting elements on the cap can pass axially, but additionally, the invention mounting system spaces the
30 bottle mounting elements axially, so that when the cap is rotated, a non-matched cap mounting element can pass above or below a non-matched bottle mounting element or between
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adjacent pairs of non-matched bottle mounting elements until it encounters a matching element. Naturally, in order to attain matching, the mounting elements on the cap are correspondingly located relative to its mouth as the bottle
5 mounting elements are relative to the first end of the bottle.
It will be recognised that a simple multi-start system is unable to provide such a benefit because it does not space
10 the sets of bayonet and lug axially, so it inevitably carries the risk that the consumer will mis-match the element of one set of mounting with the other element of a different set of elements and thereby destroy the aesthetic integrity of the dispenser.
Detailed Description of the Invention and preferred embodiments thereof
20 A central feature of the first aspect of the instant
invention relates to the employment of a multi-start system for attaching the cap to the bottle instead of a continuous screw thread. Not only does this offer advantages as described hereinbefore, but it can also assist in reducing
25 the weight of packaging needed to form the bottle and cap, thereby helping to minimise the use of resources on packaging. It is especially beneficial for the component sets of mounting elements of a multi-start system to be axially staggered.
The instant invention is particularly suitable when a ball is employed as the flow controller, and hereinafter the
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description will often relate expressly to the use of a ball, but a roller or alternative flow regulator can be
substituted, mutatis mutandis except where specifically stated.
The bottle and the cap are each preferably made from a
thermoplastics material such as polyethylene or
polypropylene. Where the flow controller comprises a ball or roller, that is often a hollow thermoplastic, in many
10 instances made by sticking two halves together.
The mounting system herein employs two co-operating elements. One preferred system employs sets of combination of a mounting lug which is preferably mounted on the bottle
15 and a bayonet which preferably is mounted on the cap.
Herein after, unless expressly mentioned, the invention will be described for the mounting lugs being mounted on the bottle, but the mounting lug and bayonet can be mounted in the reverse manner, if desired, and such an alternative is
20 incorporated herein, mutatis mutandis. Whilst other methods of mounting the lug and the bayonet on their respective walls may be contemplated, such as by adhesives or mounting in bores or blind bores, it is most convenient in practice for each to be moulded integrally with its wall, for example
25 by injection moulding.
Herein, the terms "leading" and "trailing" or "lagging" in relation to the mounting means and particularly the mounting lug are determined in relation to the rotational closure of
30 the cap, unless the context demands otherwise.
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The mounting lug preferably comprises a leading surface that is followed by the follower, i.e. the bayonet during relative rotation of cap and bottle, terminating at its trailing edge in a recess in which the bayonet is retained
5 when the cap is mounted on the bottle. The bayonet-
retaining recess, which can alternatively be considered to be a locking recess, is preferably deep enough to render it difficult for the bayonet to slide out inadvertently, which is to say without force applied by the user, but not so deep
10 as to make removing the cap difficult for humans.
Desirably, said recess has an axial depth of at least 200 urn and preferably at least 3 00 μm. Advantageously, the recess is not deeper than 600 μm and in many embodiments not greater than 500 urn. A convenient axial depth of the
15 bayonet for a hand-held cosmetic dispenser is from 1000 to
2000 μm, such as from 1200 to 1600 nm. Expressed in another way, the depth of the recess is commonly in the range of from 15 to 40% of the depth of the bayonet. Preferably, the recess has a contact profile approximately
20 matching the contact profile of the bayonet, and especially desirably, both are rounded. The leading edge of the recess is preferably about a right angle with the cam surface.
At least one mounting lug is advantageously provided with a 25 stop trailing the recess. The stop desirably extends
axially downwardly (i.e. away from the bottle first end or towards the cap mouth, as the case may be.) Suitably, the radial profile of the stop can be axial or orthogonal to the leading surface of the mounting lug, or broadly so, for
30 example having a concave face that can come into contact with the bayonet. The stop can be moulded with a lateral
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guide wall extending laterally below the mounting lug, and especially when the mounting lug is moulded with the bottle in which case it can prevent the bayonet from being forced downwardly excessively. The stop is most conveniently
5 employed in relation to the mounting lug that is furthest from the first end of the bottle when it can be integral with a flange that extends all the way around the periphery of the bottle/housing, the flange possibly also acting as a seat for the mouth of the cap when it is fully fitted.
The leading surface of the mounting lug acts as a cam surface, moving the cap downwardly, i.e. towards the bottle when the cap is rotated to mount it on the bottle. Preferably, the cam surface is inclined at a shallow angle
15 to a plane that is orthogonal to the common axis of the cap and bottle/housing about which the cap is rotated, whether the mounting lug is mounted on the bottle or the cap. The angle of inclination is often from 4 to 25 degrees, in many instances is at least 5 degrees, in some or other
20 embodiments is not more than 10 degrees and 7 to 8 degrees
is particularly convenient for the angle. Such a cam system not only can be of assistance in locating the cap on the bottle as well as causing downward axial force to be applied by the cap to seal the dispenser, for example acting upon a
25 roll-on ball. Such force can be applied either by a contact means provided for example by the top wall of the cap itself or by a wall depending from the top wall into the interior of the cap or possibly by arms or ribs extending radially inwards from the side-wall of the cap.
It will be recognised that axial force is applied to seal the dispenser, for example urging the roll-on ball against a
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sealing annular shelf moulded in the housing interior side-wall when rotation of the cap brings it closer to the second end of the bottle than when first contact is made between the mounting elements. In the context of a roll-ball as
5 flow regulator, its depression by the cap is often less than 2mm and in many instances is between 0.25 and 1mm compared with when the cap has been removed. When the cap is fully fitted, it ideally imparts a sealing force of at least 3 kg-f, such as from 4 to 8 kg-f onto the ball, either directly
10 or through the upper wall of the housing. It will be
recognised that the mounting combination of bayonet and mounting lug includes a locking recess, the system passes through a point at the trailing end of the cam surface and just at the leading edge of the recess where a greater force
15 is imparted than in the recess itself, sometimes referred to as over-torque. The dispenser bottle/housing, cap and ball together advantageously have limited flexibility to accommodate such brief and limited over-torque.
20 The bayonet is often spade-like in cross section, having a lower flat surface (i.e. surface remote from the cam), and preferably having a width greater than its depth, such as in the range of from 1.1 to 2.5 times its depth. Although the cam-facing surface could be flat, it preferably has a
25 bevelled or rounded leading or trailing edge, and preferably both, or alternatively is convex. Such chamfering or convex profile assists the two mounting elements to engage smoothly. The bayonet can if desired be strengthened with one or more buttresses, usually extending axially,
30 preferably away from the mouth of the cap or towards the open first end of the bottle as the case may be.
WO 2006/007988 PCT/EP2005/007374
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Although the aforementioned combination of mounting lug and bayonet represents a very advantageous mounting system, often because a bayonet in particular subtends only a small arc around the periphery of the cap or bottle, thereby
5 making it comparatively easy for that bayonet to pass
axially between adjacent mounting lugs, and/or because this enables a comparatively large number of sets of elements to be employed and/or because also it is relatively easy to provide a trailing stop means to prevent or at least render
10 it very difficult for the cap to over-rotate, one
alternative mounting system that can be contemplated, employs a co-operating screw thread for each of the cam and follower. The screw thread arcs for the cam and follower are both preferably approximately the same. When co-operating
15 screw threads are employed, in each set, each screw thread subtends only a short arc, given by the formula a 20 The invention employs a plurality of sets of mounting
elements and preferably at least 3 sets are employed. The total number that it is convenient to employ depends on the size of the dispenser and the arc which each mounting element subtends. Preferably, there is sufficient
25 circumferential spacing between adjacent elements on the
bottle to enable the element on the cap to pass between them with a margin for error on either side, for example the element on the cap occupying no more than about three-quarters and preferably no more than about half the arc
30 between adjacent bottle mountings.
WO 2006/007988 PCT/EP2005/007374
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For comparatively large cosmetics dispensers, that is to say dispensers having a capacity of at least 300 mls, maybe as many as up to 8 to 12 sets could be contemplated. However, for smaller hand-held bottles, such as from 15 to 120 mls,
5 as commonly contemplated for dispensing antiperspirant or deodorants, either 3 or 4 sets are desirable, 3 being particularly preferred. Cosmetic dispensers herein in particular comprise rotatable balls in the housing having a diameter of from about 20 to about 40 mm and especially from
10 about 25 to about 36 mm. Representative ball diameters are 25, 29, 32 or 35.5 mm, or thereabouts.
It is preferable if the sets are positioned symmetrically around the circumference of the cap and bottle. By so
15 doing, it maximises the ease of positioning the elements for axially moving the cap to where it can be rotated. Secondly, where the cap imparts a sealing force, a symmetrical arrangement of sets makes it easiest to achieve an even force around the perimeter and thereby minimise the
20 risk of an imperfect seal. When only 2 sets are employed, it is particularly preferable that they are diametrically opposed.
In this first aspect of the present invention, the mounting
25 elements in different matching sets are located at different axial distances from respectively the mouth of the cap and the first end of the bottle. Since the cap is rotated to mount it on the bottle, the respective sets can be regarded as leading and lagging. In some embodiments, the leading
30 mounting set can be considered to be that which is closest
to the mouth of the cap and furthest away from the first end of the bottle, and successive sets are preferably further
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away from the mouth of the cap/closer to the open end of the bottle, for example most conveniently following a helical line. Such a spatial arrangement provides a number of benefits. First, it can enable the cap to be applied with
5 minimal rotation if the user has aligned the bayonet closely leading the leading end of the matched mounting lug, thereby enabling swift and safe closure with a single twist of the hand. However, even if alignment is not so close, the cap can be twisted with very little effort until the mounting
10 lug is contacted. At that point, resistance to rotation increases markedly, signalling to the user to apply effective force. The moulding of the cap and the bottle is under the control of the manufacturer whereas the fitting of the cap to the bottle is carried out by the user,
15 unsupervised. Consequently, the manufacturer, by
controlling the location of the various mounting sets around the circumference of the cap and bottle, can ensure that any asymmetric shape, pattern, or ornament that extends between cap and bottle can be accommodated and its integrity
20 maintained every time that the user replaces his cap on his bottle.
When the dispenser comprises a roll-on dispenser employing a ball, the housing for the ball desirably has a flexible
25 upper side wall of diameter defining an outward end that has an interior diameter slightly less than that of the ball, its flexibility permitting the ball to be inserted into the chamber, and the narrower diameter restraining the ball falling out. The chamber generally is approximately a
30 hollow sphere, truncated both above and below the widest diameter of the chamber to retain the ball within the chamber. An annular shelf is preferably formed on the
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interior face of the chamber, below its widest diameter against which the ball can be urged forming a seal.
In a number of suitable embodiments, a spider can be mounted
5 between the ball and the reservoir, and preferably below the sealing shelf, where one is provided. Herein by the term spider is meant a structure mounted on the interior of the housing having radiating spokes optionally meeting in and/or radiating from a hub and optionally linked by one or more
10 concentric rings. This can alternatively be pictured by some readers as a spider's web. The upward surface of the spider, i.e. that facing the ball may be substantially flat or it may be concave, desirably having a radius of curvature similar to that of the ball, such as described or
15 illustrated in a co-pending application of even date entitled "Improvements in a Cosmetic Dispenser", supplementary contents of which are imported herein by reference.
20 For employment in a roll-ball dispenser, the cap can
additionally comprise on its top wall a centrally located annular wall extending axially towards the mouth of the cap and/or on its inner face a plurality of ribs depending radially inwardly and dimensioned to engage the housing
25 upper side wall or the ball, thereby pressing the wall
towards the aforementioned sealing shelf in the chamber wall and further assisting the sealing process. The cap top-wall, if desired, can have a planar exterior or rim, so that if desired, the dispenser can stand stably in an invert
30 orientation. In other embodiments, if desired, the cap topwall can have a convex or conical profile, so as to prevent it standing stably in an invert orientation.
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The bottle has a second end opposed to its first end. The second end is closed so as to prevent loss of cosmetic from the bottle. If desired, the second end can have a convex or conical profile, so as to prevent it standing stably in an
5 upright orientation. Preferably, if the bottle second end is so profiled, the cap has a planar exterior surface or rim that permits the bottle dispenser to stand stably in an invert orientation. Alternatively, the second end may provide a planar surface or rim dimensioned to permit the.
10 dispenser to stand stably in an upright orientation. Both the cap top wall and the bottle second end may have a planar surface or rim, dimensioned to permit stable standing.
The bottle can comprise a single moulding or, if desired, it
15 can comprise a two part moulding, the housing for the flow controller such as the ball being one moulding and the reservoir for the bottle being the second moulding. Where separate reservoir and housing mouldings are employed, the two mouldings can be friction fitted together and
20 advantageously the housing comprises a dependent skirt or lower side wall fitting around and/or within an aperture defined by a neck section of the side-wall of the reservoir. Most desirably, the skirt and neck have one or more cooperating circumferential beads and grooves to snap-fit the
25 two mouldings together. The housing skirt and reservoir neck preferably each comprise a cylinder, which may or may not be circular in lateral cross section.
Conventionally, when a two part moulding has been employed
30 for the bottle, and the cap attached to the bottle via a screw thread, the bottle thread had been formed on the reservoir. This meant that the cap had to reach over all
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the housing and over the screw-bearing section of the reservoir as well, so that the cap had to be large and consequently had to consume a lot of packaging material.
5 Advantageously, in a second aspect of the instant invention, the bottle mountings can be formed on the housing moulding. This means that the cap can be shorter and hence consume less packaging material.
10 Thus, according a second aspect of the present invention
there is provided a cosmetic dispenser as described in claim 26 herein.
In this second aspect, the mounting system preferably
15 comprises matched sets of mounting elements located around the housing perimeter in the manner described hereinbefore in respect of the first aspect of the present invention, except that there is no need for axial spacing between
adjacent mountings on the housing, though such axial spatial
20 separation is preferable. Furthermore, the above-mentioned preferences for the mounting system of the first aspect, including numbers or sets of elements, description of particular mounting elements, including lug, bayonet and stop or paired screw threads likewise can apply in respect
25 of the second aspect of the invention, and references to the bottle may be substituted by references to the housing for determining location of its mounting element. In this
second aspect, it is not necessary for the sets of mounting
elements to be positioned progressively towards the mouth of
30 the cap, though that is an advantageous option. Subsequent descriptions or preferences relating to a separate housing
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that is mounted on a reservoir apply to both the first and second aspects.
It is highly desirable for the housing has a rigid sidewall
5 in the vicinity of cap mountings provided for example by being thickened or otherwise strengthened to provide the rigidity, thereby eliminating or at least significantly reducing any distortion when the cap is fitted or removed by rotation from the housing.
When the dispenser comprises a non-integral bottle and housing, the two components can conveniently be mounted via mounting means that preferably is different from that employed to mount the cap in the dispenser. Thus, mounting
15 may be axial rather than rotational or if rotational, then of opposite hand. An especially desirably mounting is a
snap fit set of co-operating annular beads. In addition, the interface between housing and bottle sidewalls can include one or more annular sealing beads, often a V or
20 narrow delta shaped blade desirably having a flexible tip, which eliminate or at least significantly reduce any leakage when the reservoir is positioned above the housing. Accordingly, such a blade or blades are particularly useful if the dispenser is inverted.
The reservoir and housing mouldings together preferably provide a means preventing relative rotation of the housing and the reservoir around their common axis. Such anti-rotation means suitably can comprise at least one axially
30 extending rib or lug integral with one moulding and at least one co-operating axial slot, channel or socket on the other moulding. The channel, slot or socket can advantageously be
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formed in the neck side-wall of the reservoir or in the skirt (lower section) of the housing side-wall.
Advantageously, if a slot is employed, it is covered by an
5 overlap of the other moulding. Two combinations of anti-rotation means are especially favoured. In one combination, the neck section comprises at least one slot cut axially down from the top of the neck section and the lower section of the housing side-wall is bifurcated, having an inner wall
10 that slides inside the neck section of the reservoir, an outer wall that slides outside the reservoir neck section, and an annular lateral wall spanning the inner and outer wall that is dimensioned to sit on the top of the reservoir neck section, from which annular wall an axial integral
15 anti-rotation lug extends that fits the slot.
In a second such combination, the neck of the reservoir side-wall adjacent to its mouth is preferably stepped, providing an inward-facing shoulder on which an annular
20 flange formed to the exterior of the housing can sit. A
channel (blind slot) can be cut into the reservoir side-wall
axially away from the step and an anti-rotation lug is integrally moulded with the flange and to the exterior of the lower side-wall of the housing that extends below the
25 flange. If desired, the side wall can be doubly stepped, for example to assist in accommodating the ingress of housing sidewall bearing a sealing bead.
It is preferable to employ a plurality of ribs or lugs and
30 slots, channels or sockets, and, advantageously, they are arranged symmetrically around the periphery of the housing/bottle so as to ensure an even distribution of
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forces around the interface between housing and reservoir. The rib/lug and the slot or channel can be tapered, if
desired, the leading edge of the sib/lug being narrower than the leading edge of the slot or channel. The leading edges
5 of the rib/lug and/or the slot or channel mouth can be can be rounded or bevelled (chamfered) so as to ease the entry of the rib/lug into the slot or channel.
The presence of such anti-rotation means offers a number of 10 benefits to the fabrication or use of the two-part
mouldings. First, these means can assist in providing the correct positioning of the housing on the assembly line when visible to a sensor. Secondly, the anti-rotation means can strengthen the bottle/housing junction, resisting sideways
15 forces that can be exerted by the cap and cause distortion of the housing/bottle during attachment or removal of the cap. If distortion were to occur, it could result in the fluid tight seal being broken and leakage occurring.
20 It is preferable to employ the same number of anti-rotation means as sets of cap mounting elements. In one convenient arrangement, each anti-rotation means is axially aligned on the housing with a set of cap mounting means. In another alternative, which also has merit, each anti-rotation means
25 is staggered on the housing with a set of cap mounting means.
In order to assist assembly of the dispenser, the housing preferably comprises at least one marker such as a marker
30 blade which can enable a sensor on an assembly device to recognise the orientation of the housing relative to the bottle. The assembly device can rotate the housing about an
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axis common to the bottle mouth and housing until the sensor detects that the orientation matches a predetermined setting, whereupon the one is axially urged towards the other. The marker can conveniently comprise a skirt on the
5 housing which is hidden by the bottle which subtends an arc, such as from 45 to 120 degrees and especially defines a recognisable shape or profile. The shape or profile is at the discretion of the manufacturer in the light of available technology, and it some instances it can conveniently be a
10 trapezoidal blade. Desirably, such a skirt can extend below the lower side-wall of the housing or below the inner wall of a bifurcated housing side-wall, so that the marker fits inside the reservoir side-wall. Preferably, two markers are employed, one to either side symmetrically of a marker
15 within the bottle, which may suitably be provided by any visible socket on the bottle or a recognisable pattern or marking on the bottle wall.
The system described herein for mounting the cap on the 20 bottle or the housing of a two moulding housing and
reservoir in a liquid cosmetic dispenser is well suited to an invert dispenser.
Accordingly, in a third aspect of the present invention
25 there is provided a cosmetic dispenser as described in claim 27 herein.
The choice of a plurality of sets of mounting elements is especially suited to an invert dispenser because it can
30 minimise the extent of rotation of the cap relative to the bottle to fit it securely.
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In this third aspect, the mounting system preferably comprises matched sets of mounting elements located around the housing perimeter in the manner described hereinbefore in respect of the first aspect of the present invention,
5 except that there is no need for axial spacing between
adjacent mountings on the housing, though such axial spatial is preferable. Furthermore, the above-mentioned preferences for the mounting system of the first aspect, including numbers or sets of elements, description of particular
10 mounting elements, including lug, bayonet and stop or paired screw threads likewise can apply in respect of the second aspect of the invention, and references to the bottle may be substituted by references to the housing for determining location of its mounting element. In this third aspect, it
15 is not necessary for the sets of mounting elements to be positioned progressively towards the mouth of the cap, though that is an advantageous option.
In the third aspect, the bottle can comprise an integral
20 moulding of housing and reservoir as described in relation to the first aspect, or separate mouldings of the housing and reservoir as described hereinbefore with regard to the second aspect, including any preferences expressed therein, except to the extent that such preferences permit deny the
25 dispenser to stand stably in an invert orientation. The
description and preferences expressed herein with regard to a bottle formed by mounting a separate housing on a reservoir apply similarly to the third aspect.
30 Herein, it is especially desirable to employ the cosmetic dispenser according to any aforementioned aspect of the present invention to dispense a liquid. Desirably the
- 24 -
liquid has a viscosity within the range of from 500 to 2000C mPa.s, especially at least 1000 mPa.s and more especially at least 1,500 mPa.s. In some very desirable embodiments, its viscosity is below 10,000 mPa.s such as up to 6,000 mPa.s.
Viscosity herein conveniently refers to measurements by a conventional viscometer, such as a Brookfield viscometer at 25°C, RVT, TA, 20 rpm, Hellipath, unless otherwise stated, a stirrer and stirrer speed that are appropriate for the
10 specified viscosity range.
The cosmetic liquid may be a solution, for example an aqueous, or alcoholic solutions (including possibly dihydric or trihydric alcohols, if desired) for example of an
15 astringent antiperspirant active which solutions are well known in deodorant or antiperspirant literature. Alternatively, the liquid can comprise an emulsion which may be an oil in water or a water in oil in emulsion depending on the relative proportions of the phases, their chemical
20 nature and the choice of emulsifiers selected. Once again literature discloses examples of such cosmetic liquids. A further variation comprises a suspension of a fine particulate cosmetic active material in a suitable carrier liquid, which may for example by a water-immiscible liquid
25 such as a volatile silicone and/or other cosmetic oil. The solution, emulsion or suspension may be thickened to any necessary extent by conventional thickeners known for such carrier fluids, including starch or cellulose derivatives, particulate clays, thickening polymers and waxes.
Having described the invention and certain preferred embodiments thereof, specific embodiments will now be
- 25 -
described in detail by way of example only, with reference
to the accompanying Figures.
Figure 1 shows a plan view of a ball housing with ball in
5 Figure 2 shows a three-quarter side view of the housing of
Figure 3 shows the housing of Figure 2 rotated through about
60°, with ball in place;
Figure 3a shows an expanded view of the part of the housing 10 of Figure 3;
Figure 4 shows a three-quarter view looking into the
interior of a cap that fits on the housing of Figures 1 to
Figure 4a shows an expanded view of the part of the cap of 15 Figure 4 ;
Figure 5 shows a cut-away view of the cap of Figure 4
positioned over the housing of Figure 2 before locking;
Figure 6 shows the cap and housing of Figure 7 after
20 Figure 7 shows an axial cross section through the locked cap
and housing of Figure 6;
Figure 7a shows an expanded view of part of the cross
section of Figure 7
Figure 8 shows an exploded side view of the bottle and the
25 housing shown in cross section in Figure 7.
Figure 9 shows an alternative embodiment in cross section in
which the bottle reservoir and housing are integrally
moulded, with cap in place and
Figure 10 shows a side view of the embodiment of Figure 9 30 with cap removed.
A dispenser according to a first illustrated embodiment of the present invention comprises a bottle (1) and a cap (2),
- 26 -
the bottle (1) itself comprising two mouldings adapted to click-fit together, namely a ball housing (3) in which a ball (4) is seated and a reservoir (5).
5 The ball housing (3) comprises a side-wall (6) comprising an upper wall section (7) of circular transverse cross section, a middle wall section (8) and a lower wall section (9). The upper wall section (7) is an annular concave truncated hemi-spherical wall which tapers slightly to form a mouth
10 (16) wide enough and the wall sufficiently flexible to permit the ball (4) to be pressed through. Rigid middle
wall (6) has a cylindrical exterior on which are integrally moulded three retaining lugs (10a, 10b, 10c) at 120 degrees apart which form three cap-mounting means together with
15 three co-operating bayonets (41a, 41b, 41c) integrally
mounted on an interior surface of the side-wall (37) of the cap (2). The retaining lugs (10a, 10b,10c) are staggered axially, the first mounting lug (10a) being closest to mouth (8) and succeeding lugs (10b, 10c) being progressively
20 further from the mouth (8), such that the cap can be rotated around its common axis with the ball housing (3) until bayonet (41a, 41b, and 41c respectively) encounters the corresponding lug (10a, 10b, 10c) . Each retaining lug (10) comprises a rounded leading edge (11) , a cam surface (12)
25 directing a co-operating bayonet (41 ) away from mouth (16) and a locking recess (13). The third lug (10c) is integrally moulded via a trailing axial extension with an exterior circumferential flange (14) providing a stop (15) that prevents continued rotation of the bayonet (41c).
30 An anti-rotation lug (17), in axial alignment with bayonet-retaining recess (10a), is integrally moulded with the flange (14) and extends partly down the exterior face of
- 27 -
lower wall (9) towards the centre of a locating skirt (19) having two symmetrically mounted trapezoidal blades (20). An annular snap fit bead (22) and two annular leak prevention V shaped blades (21a, 21b) are formed on the
5 exterior of lower wall (9) intermediate between the flange (14) and inward end (23) of the housing (3).
The interior of the housing (3) is hollow and approximately spherical, truncated at the outward end (16) and inside the
10 middle wall (8), having an upward facing annular shelf
(sealing ring) (24) with a concave interior face (25) of similar radius to the ball (4) located below the widest interior diameter of the housing. The sealing ring (24) has an interior diameter sufficiently narrow to prevent passage
15 of the ball (4) into the bottle reservoir (5) and is
distanced from the mouth (16) sufficiently to permit the ball (4) to be rotatable unless depressed onto the concave face (25) of shelf (24) by a strong downward force, such as that exerted by the cap (2) when fitted, a force greater
20 than employed when the dispenser is topically applying
cosmetic fluid to the human body. The outward edge of the shelf (24) forms with the adjacent side-wall an annular v-shaped groove (26) which is capable of retaining fluid when the dispenser adopts an upright orientation. A spider is
25 mounted below the shelf (24) at three equidistant mounting points (27), 120 degrees apart from each of which extends a fixed spokes (28) radially inwardly towards a hub (29) from which three free spokes (30) radiate outwardly, each
equidistant between adjacent fixed spokes (28). An annular
30 fluid perturbing bead (31) extends around the interior intermediate between the shelf (24) and mouth (16) of the housing.
- 28 -
The reservoir (5) of the bottle has a closed end (49) and an opposed open end (50) defined by an upper side-wall (32) having an annular interior step (33) dimensioned to receive housing flange (14), the upper surfaces of respectively the
5 reservoir side-wall (32) and the flange (14) being flush. Three channels (34) having a bevelled leading edge (52) 120
degrees apart are moulded in the interior step (33) . Each channel (34) is dimensioned to receive the corresponding (lug 17) moulded with the flange (14) of the housing side-
10 wall middle section (8) of housing (3). The step (33) is bevelled downwards (52) beside each channel (34). The interior of the side-wall (32) below step (33) accommodates the lower side-wall (9) of housing (3) and has an internal annular bead (35) that forms a snap-fit fluid-tight seal
15 into groove (21) with bead (22) on the exterior face of the side-wall (9). To its exterior, side-wall (32) has a distinctive groove (48) for decorative purposes.
In a variation to the afore-described dispenser, not
20 separately illustrated, the bottle/housing combination has the annular leak-resistant blade or pair of blades (21a or 21b in Fig 8) moulded on the interior face of the bottle between its snap-fit bead (33) and mouth instead of moulded with the housing sidewall (9) .
The cap (2) comprises a top wall (36) and a side-wall of circular transverse cross section (37) that fits over housing (3). Top wall (36) has a flat exterior rim (38) which enables the dispenser to stand stably in an invert
30 orientation, and on its underside of which top wall (36) depends centrally an annular wall (39) having a concave base contact surface (40) of similar radius of curvature to that
- 29 -
of the ball(4). The cap side-wall (37) has three integrally moulded bayonets (41a, 41b and 41c) positioned at 120 degree intervals. Bayonet (41a) is closest to the cap top (36) and furthest from cap mouth (42) and succeeding bayonets (41b
5 and 41c) are progressively closer to the cap mouth (42). Each bayonet (41) comprises a radially inward-extending blade-shaped boss (43) having rounded radial top edges (49) and a flat base (48) and two axially extending strengthening buttresses (44). On the interior side-wall (37) of the cap
10 (2) located between the bayonets (41) and the top (36) is a multiplicity of equally spaced axially-extending strengthening ribs (45) each having a concave ball-contacting surface (46) of similar radius of curvature to that of the ball (4) dimensioned and located such that when
15 the cap (2) is fitted they exert axial force on the ball
(4). To its exterior, cap (2) has a distinctive groove (47) for decorative purposes, centred at an arc of approximately 60° from the centre of bayonet (41c) intended in the dispenser design to be matched and aligned with reservoir
20 groove (48).
The dispenser illustrated in Figures 1 to 8 is assembled in the following sequence on an assembly line. At a bottle assembly station (not illustrated), the ball housing (3) is
25 positioned above bottle reservoir (5) with its inward end
(23) facing reservoir mouth (50) and is axially aligned with the reservoir (5) such that its anti-rotation lugs (17) are in alignment with blind slots (34) moulded into reservoir
side-wall (32) and its locating blade (20a) of skirt (19) is
30 in alignment with the distinctive groove (48) . The housing (3) is then urged axially towards the reservoir (5), its lower wall (9) passing through mouth (50) until the snap fit
- 30 -
bead (22) flexes over bead (35) to form a fluid tight connection, lugs (17) slide into blind slots (34) and flange (14) sits on step (33).
5 The assembled bottle and housing is seated on a puck (not illustrated) that is shaped to retain the bottle in an upright orientation and passed through a filling station (not illustrated) in which a predetermined volume or weight of fluid material (for example 50 mls) is introduced into
10 the reservoir (5), (for example of 60 mls volume) through housing mouth (16) . Then, the filled bottle passes to a balling station (not illustrated) in which a ball (4) is urged axially through the mouth (16) until it encounters the sealing shelf (24) and finally passes to a capping station
15 (again not illustrated) in which a cap (2) is centred
axially above the bottle (1) with its wall mouth (42) facing the ball (4) and having common axes of cap (2) and housing (3). The cap (2) is urged axially towards the housing (3), bayonets (41) passing between adjacent mounting lugs (10)
20 and rotated about the common axis until each bayonet (41) encounters its matched retaining lug (10) and then each bayonet boss (43) slides across lug cam surface (12) forcing the cap (2) axially towards the housing (3), until it reaches locking recess (13) and boss (43) of bayonet (41c)
25 hits stop (15). During rotation of the cap (2) its annular wall (37) and the multiple ribs (45) on its interior bear down on the upper surface of the ball (4) and force it into contact with the concave surface (25) of annular shelf (24) within the housing (3) forming a liquid-tight seal. The
30 filled and capped bottle is released from the puck and drops into a hopper.
- 31 -
In order to open the dispenser, the bottle (1) and cap (2) are grasped in separate hands and the cap is rotated anti-clock-wise relative to the bottle, thereby rotating each boss (43) out of retaining recess (13) and when each has
5 rotated beyond leading edge (11) of the retaining lug (10), the cap can be axially removed.
In an alternative embodiment of an invention dispenser, as illustrated in Figures 9 and 10, the bottle reservoir and
10 ball housing comprises a single moulding, having the same exterior design with groove (148) as that illustrated in Figures 1 to 8 and is capped by the same cap as shown in Figures 4, 4a, 5, 6, 7 and 7a in respect of the first illustrated embodiment. In this alternative design of
15 Figures 9 and 10, the bottle is an integrally moulded
reservoir and housing comprising an upper housing side-wall
(107), a middle housing side-wall (108) which is integral
with a reservoir side-wall (105).
20 The upper wall section (107) is an annular concave truncated hemi-spherical wall which tapers slightly to form a mouth (116) wide enough and the wall being sufficiently flexible to permit the ball (104) to be pressed through. Middle wall (108) has a cylindrical exterior on which are integrally
25 moulded three retaining lugs (110a, 110b, 110c) at 120
degrees apart which form three locking means together with . three co-operating bayonets (141a, 141b, 141c) mounted on an interior wall of the cap (102). The retaining lugs (10a, 10b, 10c) are staggered axially, the first mounting lug (10a)
30 being closest to mouth (108) and succeeding lugs (10b, 10c) being progressively further from the mouth (116), such that the cap can be rotated around its common axis with the ball
- 32 -
housing (3) until bayonet (141a, 141b, and 141c) respectively) encounters the corresponding lug (110a, 110b,
110c). Each retaining lug (110) comprises a rounded leading
edge (111), a cam surface (112) directing a co-operating 5 bayonet (43) away from mouth (116) and a locking recess
(113). The third lug (110c) is integrally moulded with an exterior circumferential flange (114) providing a stop (115) that prevents continued rotation of the bayonet (141c). The flange (114) is integrally moulded with the reservoir side-
10 wall (105).
The interior of the housing (103) is hollow, and approximately spherical truncated at the inward and outward ends of the housing, having an upward facing annular shelf
15 (124) with a concave face (125) of interior diameter
sufficiently narrow to prevent passage the ball (104) into the bottle reservoir (151) and distanced from the mouth (116) sufficiently to permit the ball (104) to be rotatable unless depressed onto the shelf concave face (125) by a
20 downward force, such as that exerted by the cap (102) when fitted. The outward edge of the shelf (124) forms with the adjacent side-wall an annular v-shaped groove (126) which is capable of retaining fluid when the dispenser adopts an upright orientation. An annular bead (131) extends around
25 the interior intermediate between the shelf (124) and mouth of the housing (103).
- 33 -
1. A dispenser for a cosmetic fluid comprising a bottle, a
cap and a mounting means to enable the cap to be
5 removably mounted on the bottle,
said bottle having a first end, and an interior, said first end having an exterior and comprising a housing for a flow regulator that, alone or together with said housing defines a passageway for the fluid
10 from the interior out of the bottle, .
said cap having a side-wall having an interior surface dimensioned to fit over said bottle first end, and said mounting means comprising a first mounting element and a second mounting element, one element
15 located on the interior surface of the cap being engagable with the other element located on the exterior surface of the bottle by relative rotation of the cap and the bottle about a common axis characterised in that the mounting means comprise a
20 plurality of matched sets of the first element and the second element, in each set the first mounting element comprises a. cam surface generating axial movement of cap relative to bottle and the second mounting element comprises a follower, neighbouring first elements
25 having sufficient circumferential lateral separation to allow axial movement of the second element between them and sufficient axial separation to allow rotation of the cap until the first element encounters the second element of the matched set.
- 34 -
2. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to claim 1 in which each second mounting element is positioned symmetrically around the bottle.
5 3. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to either
preceding claim in which three sets of first and second mounting elements are employed.
4. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any preceding
10 claim in which one mounting element comprises a lug
providing the cam surface and the other mounting element comprises a bayonet.
5. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to claim 4 in which
15 the inclined cam surface of the lug leads to a bayonet-retaining recess.
6. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any preceding
claim in which at least one mounting element has a
20 trailing edge formed into a stop which prevents over-rotation of the cap.
7. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any preceding
claim in which the second mounting element comprises
25 the cam surface.
8. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any preceding
claim in which the second mounting element is located on the exterior of the bottle at or adjacent to the
9. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any preceding
claim in which the cap has a planar exterior or rim
permitting the dispenser to stand stably in an invert
10. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any preceding
claim in which the bottle has a non-flat second end
which prevents the dispenser from standing stably in an
upright orientation without support.
11. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any preceding
claim in which the cap has a wall depending into its
interior from its top wall which contacts the roller or
ball when the cap is fitted and urges it against the
15 interior of the housing.
12. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any preceding
claim in which the cap side wall comprises an
13. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to claim 4 or any
claim dependent from claim 4 in which the cap exerts an
axial force of from 15 to 30 inch pounds on the ball or
roller when the bayonet is retained in the recess in
25 the lug.
14. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any preceding
claim in which the bottle comprises a reservoir
integrally moulded with the housing.
15. A cosmetic fluid according to any of claims 1 to 13 in
which the bottle comprises a housing and a reservoir
that are separate mouldings, the housing being mounted on the reservoir.
16. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to claim 15 in
5 which the housing and reservoir together provide at
least one anti-rotation means preventing the housing from rotating relative to the reservoir.
17. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to claim 16
10 characterised in that the anti-rotation means comprises an axially-extending lug mounted on a contact surface of one moulding that can be slid into a slot, channel or socket formed in a contact surface of the other
18. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to claim 17 characterised in that the lug is mounted on the housing and the slot, channel or socket is formed in the side-wall of the reservoir.
19. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to claim 17 or 18 employing the channel.
20. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any of claims
25 16 to 19 in which the second element for mounting the
cap on the bottle is axially aligned with the axially-extending lug.
21. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to claim 20 in
30 which the second element comprises a lug providing the
cam means and the axially-extending lug are both
mounted on the housing.
WO 2006/007988 PCT/EP2005/007374
22. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any of claims 16 to 21 employing the same number of anti-rotation means as sets of cap-mounting elements.
5 23. A cosmetic fluid according to any of claims 15 to 22 in
which the housing comprises an orientation marker that enables a sensor to detect the relative orientation of housing and reservoir and control the rotation of the one relative to the other until they are axially
24. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any preceding claim in which the flow regulator is a rotatable ball.
15 25. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to claim 24 in which the ball is spherical.
26. A cosmetic dispenser comprising a bottle and a cap removably mountable on the bottle, the bottle being
20 formed by mounting a separately moulded housing for a ball or roller on a separately moulded reservoir, the reservoir having a closed end integral with a side-wall having a neck section defining an aperture, and the housing having an outward end, an inward end and a
25 side-wall extending between the outward and inward
ends, said side-wall defining a chamber within which the ball or roller is rotatably retained and having a lower section fitting outside and/or within the neck section of the reservoir, in which the cap is mountable
30 on the housing by a plurality of laterally arranged
sets of mounting elements, each set comprising a first mounting element located on the interior surface of the
- 38 -
cap that is engagable with a second mounting element located on the exterior surface of the housing by-relative rotation of the cap and the housing about a common axis, one of said elements comprising a cam
5 surface generating axial movement of cap relative to housing and the other of said elements comprising a follower.
27. A cosmetic dispenser for a fluid comprising a bottle, a
10 cap and a mounting means to enable the cap to be removably mounted on the bottle,
said bottle having a first end, an opposed second end which is profiled to prevent it standing stably in an upright orientation, a side-wall extending from said
15 first end to said second end having an exterior
surface, and together with the second end defining an
said first end comprising a housing for a flow
regulator, said flow regulator alone or together with
20 said housing defining a passageway for the fluid from
the interior of the bottle to its exterior when the cap is removed,
said cap having a mouth, a top wall, and a side-wall having an interior surface extending from the mouth to
25 the top wall dimensioned to fit over said bottle first end,
said top wall having a planar exterior surface or rim permitting the dispenser to stand stably in an invert orientation,
30 and said mounting means comprising a plurality of sets laterally arranged of a first mounting element located on the interior surface of the cap that is engagable
WO 2006/007988 PCT/EP2005/007374
- 39 -
with a second mounting element located on the exterior surface of the bottle by relative rotation of the cap and the bottle about a common axis,
in each set the first or second mounting element
5 comprising a cam surface generating axial movement of
cap relative to bottle and the other mounting element
comprising a follower.
28. A cosmetic dispenser according to either of claims 26
10 or 27 and characterised in accordance with any one of
claims 2 to 25.
29. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any preceding
claim containing a liquid as the fluid.
30. A cosmetic fluid dispenser according to any preceding
claim containing an antiperspirant or deodorant
20 31. A cosmetic fluid dispenser comprising with regard to
any feature or combination of features described herein that is novel in comparison with any prior published or prior used cosmetic fluid dispenser.
|Indian Patent Application Number||53/MUMNP/2007|
|PG Journal Number||16/2010|
|Date of Filing||12-Jan-2007|
|Name of Patentee||HINDUSTAN UNILEVER LIMITED|
|Applicant Address||HINDUSTAN UNILEVER HOUSE, 165-166 BACKBAY RECLAMATION, MUMBAI - 400 020|
|PCT International Classification Number||A45D34/04|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/EP2005/007374|
|PCT International Filing date||2005-07-07|