Title of Invention

"AN ELECTRICAL CONTACTOR WITH AN IN BUILT TRIPPING MECHANISM"

Abstract A process for continuously manufacturing composites of polymer and cellulosicfibres T he present invention relates to a process for continuously manufacturing composites of polymer and cellulosic fibres, comprising the steps of: a) feeding a polymer upstream into an extruder; b) melting and mixing the polymer in a zone A of the extruder; wherein zone A comprises at least one positive transportation screw element, c) feeding cellulosic fibres into the extruder in a zone B of the extruder, which zone B is located downstream of zone A; d) transporting the mixture of polymer and cellulosic fibre obtained in zone B through a degassing zone C, which zone C is located downstream of zone B, wherein zone C comprises at least one positive transportation screw element and e) transporting the mixture obtained in zone C through a pressure building zone D of 15 the extruder, which zone D is located downstream of zone C, wherein zone D comprises at least one positive transportation screw element, f) pressing the mixture obtained in zone D into a die, characterised in that zone B comprises at least one positive transportation screw element, at least one kneading section and at least one negative transportation screw element such that in zone B of the extruder the cellulosic fibres are fibrillated to obtain cellulosic fibres with an aspect ratio of from 7 to 100, while simultaneously mixing the cellulosic fibres with the melted polymer.
Full Text CONTACTOR - CIRCUIT BREAKER
This invention relates to a contactor - circuit breaker comprising poles with separable contacts, a control electromagnet to control these contacts, and a protection device associated with a tripping device.
A contactor - circuit breaker is an electrical device used to deliberately control the power supply and to break lines carrying a load such as a motor (in other words to switch this load on and off) using an electromagnet which is specific to its "contactor" part, and to automatically break the load circuit using the protection device which is specific to its "circuit breaker" part, as soon as the protection device detects an electrical fault such as a short circuit on at least one of the lines.
In this type of equipment, the electromagnet and the protection device each use a multi-pole device to act on the mobile contacts in response to a deliberate control and detection of an electrical fault, respectively. The tripping device is capable of changing from a contact closed state to a contact open state under the action of an electromagnetic tripping device, and it may be reset by a manual control device itself capable of opening and closing che contacts.
Document EP-366 519 thus describes a contactor -circuit breaker of the type mentioned above. The protection device is mainly mechanical, such that a large number of switches are necessary to cover the required range of power voltages and currents.

Document FR-2 759 489 describes a contactor-circuit breaker in which the electromagnet switches contacts both in contactor mode and in circuit breaker mode. The hybrid nature of the operation of the electromagnet and its need for fast control in circuit breaker mode are problematic.
The purpose of the invention is to reconcile reliable operation in contactor mode with high breaking speed in circuit breaker mode, while organizing mechanical connections and electrical lines for the switch in order to cover the required range of power voltages and currents with a minimum number of components.
According to the invention, an electromagnetic tripping device is added to the control mechanism, and the protection device is connected to the electromagnet through a control line and to the control mechanism through a trip line, in order to output an electrical power supply to the electromagnet on the control line and, in the case of an electrical fault, a trip signal on the trip line.
Preferably, the protection device is connected to the AC or DC power supply terminals, while the electromagnet is of the DC type operating at a predetermined voltage, and the protection device is provided with a voltage adapter circuit capable of converting the power supply voltage into a predetermined voltage to power the electromagnet. Furthermore, the protection device is preferably capable of outputting a constant current to the electromagnet in its energizing and holding phases.

The power conductors, the separable contacts and associated extinguishing chambers can advantageously be housed in a base, the protection device being a removable module added interchangeably to the base, whereas the electromagnet and the control mechanism are fixed to the base. In this case, the electromagnet and the control mechanism may be housed in a part of the base projecting forwards such that the components in the base, starting from the top and working downwards, are the electromagnet and the control mechanism, the protection device and a compartment in which auxiliary contacts add-on can be housed. The power supply terminals for the electromagnet coil can then be housed adjacent to the protection module and at the side of the compartment in which auxiliary contacts can be added.
Advantageously, the base may also have a compartment for housing a communication additive, between the protection module and the compartment for addon auxiliary contacts. It is advantageous if the compartments set aside for the communication add-on and the auxiliary contacts additive are grouped under the removable protection module.
The following description gives one non-limitative embodiment of the invention with respect to the attached drawings.
Figure 1 is a diagram of a contactor - circuit breaker according to the invention.
Figures 2 to 4 are diagrams of variants of the contactor - circuit breaker.

Figures 5 and 6 show a front view and a sectional view along plane VI-VI of the contactor - circuit breaker.
The contactor - circuit breaker comprises several contactor poles fitted with fixed contacts 10 and mobile contacts 11 associated with extinguishing chambers 12. The fixed contacts 10 are connected by power conductors 13, 14 to source power terminals 15 and load power terminals 16 placed in the equipment housing 17 or on terminal blocks fitted on the housing. For each pole, the mobile contacts 12 are laid out on a bridge forced in the closing direction by a spring 18 and in the opening direction by a pusher 19.
The contactor - circuit breaker comprises a monostable or bistable type electromagnet 2 0 and an electronic protection and control device 3 0; the end purpose of the electromagnet and the protection device is to act on the pushers 19 of the various poles. Note that the electromagnet 2 0 is of the DC type and it is independent of the power supply voltage, for example of the network, whereas different protection and control device 3 0 are provided as a function of the power supply voltage; for example 24 V DC, 24 V AC, 72 V AC, 240 V AC, etc. Therefore device 30 firstly adapts the power supply voltage to the DC voltage required for the electromagnet, and secondly supplies a constant current, for example of the order of 100 mA, to the coil 21 of the electromagnet 2 0 when it is in the energize or the hold position.
The protection and control device 3 0, hereinafter simply denoted the "protection device", comprises

current sensors 31 that detect currents in the various poles; the sensors 31 may be connected to the power conductors 14 of the various poles by clips or plugs 32 as shown in figure 2. The sensors 31 are connected to a protection circuit 33 that generates a fault signal in the case of a short circuit detected by sensors or in the case of another electrical fault. The output from the protection circuit 3 3 is connected through a trip line 33A to an electromagnetic tripping device 41 with intermittent action that operates a lever of a lock belonging to a contact control mechanism 40. The protection circuit 33 also acts as a power supply line and it is connected to a control circuit 34 that determines a regulated power supply current for the coil and is connected through a control line 33B to the coil 21 of the electromagnet 20.
The power supply voltage for the protection device, the tripping device and the coil is applied to the associated terminals 3 5 on the protection device 3 0 and located on the housing itself of device 3 0 or on a terminal block or add-on attached to the device, or to a base on which the device is fitted, depending on the case. The protection device 3 0 is variable depending on the current rating of the contactor - circuit breaker and comprises a voltage conversion circuit 3 6 connected to the power supply terminals 3 5 of the contactor - circuit breaker and capable of outputting a voltage at a predetermined level to device 3 0 and to the electromagnet coil 21.
A manual control button 42 capable of being moved into an On position or an Off position cooperates with

mechanism 40 to control switching of the contacts 11. Obviously, two buttons can be provided, one for the On function and the other for the Off function. The control mechanism 40 comprises:
- a bistable trip part 40A controlled by the electromagnetic tripping device 41,
- an automatic bistable control part 4GB controlled by the electromagnet 20 from an On or Off signal sent to terminals 35 and,
- a manual control part 40C controlled directly by button 42 and that can be influenced by the trip part 40A.
Parts 40A and 40C act on the mobile contacts 11 through a sliding or pivoting device 43A, C and part 40B acts on the mobile contacts 11 through a sliding or pivoting device 43B. These two devices 43A, C and 43P may be separate. In a preferred embodiment, the devices 43A, C and 43B can be applied to a common pivoting multi-pole lever 44, that itself acts on the polar pushers 19 (see figure 3)
In the embodiments shown in figures 2 to 4, the contactor - circuit breaker
comprises a base 50 and the protection device 30 is composed of an electronic
protection module added on interchangeably to the base as a function of the current
rating assigned to the contactor - circuit breaker. The rear of the base is provided with
means of attachment 51 to a support such as a standard rail or a carrier plate and
comprises, or is fitted at its top and bottom parts, with terminal blocks 52, 53
containing power terminals 15, 16. The base contains power conductors 13, 14, fixed
contacts

10 and mobile contacts 11 and extinguishing chambers 12.
On figure 2, the electromagnet 20 and the control mechanism 40 are housed in an electromechanical control module 60 assembled to base 50. In figures 3 and 4, the electromagnet 2 0 and the control mechanism 4 0 are housed in one (or two) compartment(s) located near the top of the base 50 in a projection 54 from the base. In this case, this is an electromechanical control and breaking assembly 50, 20, 40 that is independent of the power supply voltage and that remains unchanged for different current ratings, the voltage adaptation being achieved by the electronic circuitry in the protection module 3 0 and the current rating being achieved by the choice of a given protection module 30.
In figure 3, the electromagnet 2 0 and the protection module 30 are placed in the projection 54 on the base such that the electromagnet 20 is installed at the top of the base, followed by the mechanism 40, the protection module 3 0 and a compartment 5 5 that will contain an auxiliary contacts add-on 56, in sequence towards the bottom of the base. The power supply terminals 3 5 of the coil 21 of the electromagnet 2 0 are placed in compartment 55 or in the auxiliary contacts add-on 56.
In figure 4, between the protection module 3 0 and the compartment 5 5 containing the auxiliary contacts add-on 5 6, the base 5 0 is provided with a compartment 57 that will contain a communication add-on 58, for example to which a communication bus can be added to connect the device considered with other electrical

devices, this bus being capable of powering and controlling the switch. The protection module box 30 may be provided with a shoulder 37 to hold the communication add-on 58 in its compartment 57.
A switch 59 is placed in the add-on 56 (figure 4) or in the protection module 30 (figure 1) to cut off the power supply to the protection module when the button is in the Off position.
The contactor - circuit breaker is installed and operates as follows. A protection module 30 is added onto a base 50 equipped with an electromagnet with the required rating. This module is capable of adapting the voltage to the nominal operating voltage of the electromagnet and supplying a constant current to the electromagnet, both in its energizing phase and in its holding phase.
Assuming that the button 42 is initially in the On position, the voltage applied to the terminals 35 will supply power to coil 21 through the control circuit 34, and close contacts 10, 11 through part 40B of the mechanism 40. The contacts are opened manually by putting button 42 in the off position through part 40C of mechanism 40, while switch 59 opens as described above. The contacts are opened automatically when circuit 33 is switched, for example as a function of the overcurrent signal output by a sensor 31; this switching will switch the part 40A of the mechanism 40 through the tripping device 41. If there is no voltage at terminals 35, the coil 21 will be de-energized and contacts will be opened through part 4GB.





WE CLAIM:
1. A contactor - circuit breaker comprising:
- power conductors comprising poles with separable fixed and moving
contacts,
- a control electromagnet (20) acting in response to a deliberate control and a protection device (30) acting in response to detection of an electrical fault, on mobile contacts (11) through at least one multi-pole device, the protection device comprising means (31) of detecting currents carried by power conductors and means (33) of generating a trip signal,
- a contact control mechanism (40) comprising a multi-pole device and capable of being activated such that the multi-pole device switches between a contact open state and a contact closed state, characterized in that:
- an electromagnetic tripping device (41) is used with the control mechanism,
- the protection device (30) is connected to the electromagnet (20) through a control line (33B) and to the control mechanism (40) through a trip line (33A), in order to provide an electrical power supply for the electromagnet on the control line (33B) and in the case of a fault, a trip signal to the trip line (33 A)
2. The contactor - circuit breaker according to claim 1, wherein the protection
device (30) is connected to AC or DC power supply terminals (35), the electromagnet
(20) is of the DC type operating at a predetermined voltage, and the protection device
is provided with a voltage adapter circuit (36) capable of converting the power supply
voltage into a predetermined voltage to power the electromagnet.

3. The contactor - circuit breaker according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the protection device (30) outputs a constant current to an electromagnet (20) in its energizing and holding phases.
4. The contactor - circuit breaker according to claim 1, wherein the moving contacts (11) are located on contact bridges, the displacement of which is controlled by pushers (19), the electromagnet (20) and the control mechanism (40) acting on a common lever (44) which can be applied to the pushers (19).
5. The contactor - circuit breaker according to claim 1, wherein the power conductors (13, 14), the separable contacts (10, 11) and the associated extinguishing chambers (12) are located in a base (50) and the protection device (30) is a removable module added interchangeably to the base, whereas the electromagnet (20) and the control mechanism (40) are fixed to the base.
6. The contactor - circuit breaker according to claim 5, wherein the
electromagnet (20) and the control mechanism (40) are housed in a part (54) of the
base (50) projecting forwards such that it contains the electromagnet (20) at the top of
the base followed in sequence towards the bottom by the control mechanism (40), the
protection device (30) and a compartment (55) for an auxiliary contacts add-on (56),
7. The contactor - circuit breaker according to claim 5, wherein the power
supply terminals (35) of the coil (21) of the electromagnet (20) are housed adjacent to
the protection module (30) in the compartment (55) for the auxiliary contacts add-on
(56)

8. The contactor - circuit breaker according to claim 5, wherein the base (50) is provided with a compartment (57) for housing a communication add-on (58), between the protection module (30) and the compartment (55) for the auxiliary contacts add-on (56).
9. The contactor - circuit breaker comprising:

- power conductors provided with poles with separable fixed and mobile contacts to which extinguishing chambers are associated,
- an electromagnet (20) and a protection device (30) that can act on mobile contacts (11) in response to detection of an electrical fault, through at least a multi-pole drive device, the protection device comprising means (31) of detecting currents carried by power conductors and a first electrical line (33B) with the electromagnet (20) characterized in that:
- the protection device (30) i| interchangeable |nd electronic means (36) for converting the power supply voltage into a voltage suitable for the electromagnet (20) are associated with the protection device,
- the protection device is connected through a second electrical line (33A) to a magnetic tripping device (41) capable of controlling a contact control mechanism (40) capable of holding the contacts open and that can be reset by a manual control button (42),
- the control mechanism (40) is provided with a bistable automatic control part (40 controlled by the electromagnet (20) and a bistable trip part (40A) controlled by the magnetic tripping device (41) to act on the contact poles.

10. The contactor - circuit breaker according to claim 9, wherein the protection device (30) comprises means (34) of supplying power to the coil (21) of the electromagnet (20) with an approximately constant current to the various phases of the contactor - circuit breaker in the on condition.


Documents:

in-pct-2002-665-che-abstract.pdf

in-pct-2002-665-che-claims .pdf

in-pct-2002-665-che-correspondance others.pdf

in-pct-2002-665-che-correspondance po.pdf

in-pct-2002-665-che-description complete.pdf

in-pct-2002-665-che-drawings.pdf

in-pct-2002-665-che-form 1.pdf

in-pct-2002-665-che-form 26.pdf

in-pct-2002-665-che-form 3.pdf

in-pct-2002-665-che-form 5.pdf

in-pct-2002-665-che-other documents.pdf

in-pct-2002-665-che-pct.pdf


Patent Number 236248
Indian Patent Application Number IN/PCT/2002/665/CHE
PG Journal Number 43/2009
Publication Date 23-Oct-2009
Grant Date 14-Oct-2009
Date of Filing 06-May-2002
Name of Patentee SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES S.A
Applicant Address 89 BOULEVARD FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT, 92500 RUEIL-MALMAISON, FRANCE
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 BAURAND, GILLES 72, RUE CORNEILLE, F-78360 MONTESSON LA BORDE, FRANCE
2 LEGLAYE, DOMINIQUE 62 BIS, RUE GALLIENI, F-92500 RUEIL MALMAISON , FR
3 TELLIER, JEAN-PIERRE 28, ALLEE COLBERT, F-95310, SAINT-OUEN-L AUMONE, FR
PCT International Classification Number H01H73/00
PCT International Application Number PCT/FR00/02808
PCT International Filing date 2000-10-10
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 99/12746 1999-10-11 France