Title of Invention

A METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A LIQUID FABRIC SOFTENING COMPOSITION

Abstract A liquid fabric softening composition comprising an aqueous base, a cationic fabric softening agent, and an emulsified oil which has a refractive index at 25°C of 1.45 or greater in an amount such that the weight ratio of oil to cationic fabric softening agent is from 1:12 to 1:1, characterised in that the D[4,3] droplet size of the emulsified oil is from 0.4 to 8 microns.
Full Text C4379
FORM - 2
THE PATENTS ACT, 1970
(39 of 1970)
&
The Patents Rules, 2003
COMPLETE SPECIFICATION
(See Section 10 and Rule 13)
FABRIC SOFTENING COMPOSITION
HINDUSTAN LEVER LIMITED, a company incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 and having its registered office at Hindustan Lever House, 165/166, Backbay Reclamation, Mumbai -400 020, Maharashtra, India
The following specification particularly describes the invention and the manner in which it is to be performed

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FABRIC SOFTENING COMPOSITION
Technical Field
5 The present invention relates to fabric softening
compositions. In particular the invention relates to fabric softening compositions that are visually and rheologically appealing to consumers.
10 Background and Prior Art
It is well known to provide liquid fabric softening compositions that soften treated fabric. Such compositions are typically added to fabric in the rinse cycle of the wash
15 process. We have observed that consumer preference is for liquid fabric conditioners that appear thick and creamy, cued by having a high viscosity at low shear and a high opacity. Conditioners that appear thin and/or translucent/watery may be perceived as being cheap and
20 ineffective, whereas conditioners that appear thick and
creamy are perceived as premium products. To date, there is limited technology that allows the alteration of viscosity and opacity without causing problems such as poor dispensing or poor storage stability.
25
We have found that liquid fabric conditioners that appear thick and creamy may be prepared by adding particular levels of an emulsified oil of particular particle size to a dispersion of conventional cationic fabric softening agent
30 in water.

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Fabric conditioners comprising oils and cationic softening agent are known in the art. For example, WO 97/22594 discloses fabric softeners comprising cationic softening agent and a perfume carrier substance that may be tallow oil
5 or palm oil.
WO 00/71806 discloses fabric softeners comprising a cationic softening compound and an emulsified silicone, in one aspect the median silicone droplet size in the emulsion being at
10 least 0.25 micron and preferably no greater than 25 micron.
W001/96510 discloses an aqueous fabric softening composition comprising:
15 (i) a cationic fabric softening agent comprising at least two long hydrocarbyl chains;
(ii) one or more oils comprising from 8 to 40 carbon atoms; and
20
(iii) one or more nonionic stabilisers comprising a nonionic alkoxylate having an average alkoxylation number of from 10 to 40
25 wherein the composition is in the form of a macro-emulsion. Typically, the oil droplets in the macro-emulsion have a diameter between 0.1 to 40p.m. There is no disclosure of preferred average droplet sizes.

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WO02/33032 discloses an aqueous, liquid fabric conditioning composition comprising:
(i) from 2.1 to 7% of a quaternary ammonium cationic
5 softening compound; and
(ii) a perfume having a ClogP or 2 or more; and
(iii) an oily perfume carrier having a ClogP of 3.5 or more;
10
where the composition comprises an emulsion in which 80% or more weight of the droplets in the emulsion have a mean diameter of from 0.4 to 60 microns, as measured using a Malvern particle size analyser with a 45mm lens for D[0,1]
15 measurements and both a 45mm and a 1000mm lens for D[0,9] measurements. The Examples disclose formulations with a wide range of droplet sizes. There is no disclosure of preferred average droplet sizes.
20 WO03/012019 discloses an aqueous, liquid fabric conditioning composition comprising:
(i) a quaternary ammonium cationic softening compound; and
25 (ii) a nonionic surfactant
where the composition comprises an emulsion in which 80% or more by weight of the droplets in the emulsion have a mean diameter of from 0.4 to 60 microns, as measured using a
30 Malvern particle size analyser with a 45mm lens for D[0,1] measurements and both a 45mm and a 100mm lens for D[0,9]

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measurements. The compositions may comprise perfume and an oily perfume carrier. There is no disclosure of the preferred average droplet sizes.
5 WO00/71806 and EP 1054032 disclose fabric softening compositions comprising siloxane or silicone emulsions.
Summary of Invention
10 According to a first aspect of the invention, there is
provided a liquid fabric softening composition comprising an aqueous base, a cationic fabric softening agent, and an emulsified oil which has a refractive index at 25°C of 1.45 or greater in an amount such that the weight ratio of oil to
15 cationic fabric softening agent is from 1:12 to 1:1, characterised in that the D[4,3] droplet size of the emulsified oil is from 0.4 to 8 microns.
According to a second aspect of the present invention, there
20 is provided a method for the treatment of fabrics comprising contacting fabrics with a liquid fabric softening composition according to the first aspect of the invention or any of the particular variants thereof disclosed in the following description.
25
According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for the manufacture of a liquid fabric softening composition comprising the dispersion of a cationic softening agent and an oil which has a refractive
30 index at 25°C of 1.45 or greater in an aqueous base, the components being mixed at a weight ratio of cationic

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softening agent to oil of from 1:1 to 12:1 and processed to give a final D[4,3] droplet size for the oil of from 0.4 to 8 microns.
5 In the context of the present invention, the term
Acomprising= means Aincluding= and is non-exhaustive.
Detailed Description of the Invention
10 The compositions of the invention have surprisingly high turbidity and appear thick and creamy to the consumer. Despite this fact, they leave little residue in the dispenser draw of automatic washing machines and are stable
for prolonged periods of time, even at non-ambient
15 temperatures.
The compositions of the invention are both visually and Theologically appealing to consumers. They have relatively high turbidity (vide infra) giving them a thick and creamy
20 visual appearance and they also have relatively high
viscosity at relevant shear rates. At the low shear rates relevant to the pouring of the composition and its dispensing, it is particularly important that the composition is thick and creamy. At a shear rate of 2 /s,
25 the composition may have a viscosity from 100 to 1000 mPa.s, in particular from 150 to 750 mPa.s, and especially from 250 to 450 mPa.s, and yet still dispense efficiently. Viscosities are measured at ambient temperature, i.e. about 20°C, on instruments such as a Haake rotoviscometer.
30
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- 6 -The cationic softening agent
The cationic softening is generally one that is able to form a lamellar phase dispersion in water, in particular a
5 dispersion of liposomes.
The cationic softening agent is typically a quaternary ammonium compound ("QAC"), in particular one having two C12-
28 groups connected to the nitrogen head group that may
10 independently be alkyl or alkenyl groups, preferably being connected to the nitrogen head group by at least one ester link, and more preferably by two ester links.
The average chain length of the alkyl and/or alkenyl groups
15 is preferably at least C14 and more preferably at least C16. It is particularly preferred that at least half of the groups have a chain length of C18- In general, the alkyl and/or alkenyl groups are predominantly linear.
20 A first group of QACs suitable for use in the present invention is represented by formula (I):


25

(I)

wherein each R is independently selected from a C5-35 alkyl or alkenyl group; R1 represents a C1-4 alkyl, C2-4 alkenyl or a C1-4 hydroxyalkyl group; T is generally O-CO. (i.e. an ester
30 group bound to R via its carbon atom), but may alternatively be CO.O (i.e. an ester group bound to R via its oxygen

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atom); n is a number selected from 1 to 4; m is a number selected from 1, 2, or 3; and X" is an anionic counter-ion, such as a halide or alkyl sulphate, e.g. chloride or methylsulphate. Di-esters variants of formula I (i.e. m =
5 2) are preferred and typically have mono- and tri-ester analogues associated with them. Such materials are particularly suitable for use in the present invention. .
Especially preferred agents are di-esters of
10 triethanolammonium methylsulphate, otherwise referred to as "TEA ester quats". Commercial examples include Prapagen TQL, ex Clariant, and Tetranyl AHT-1, ex Kao, (both di-[hardened tallow ester] of triethanolammonium methylsulphate), AT-1 (di-[tallow ester] of
15 triethanolammonium methylsulphate), and L5/90 (di-[palm
ester] of triethanolammonium methylsulphate), both ex Kao, and Rewoquat WE15 (a di-ester of triethanolammonium methylsulphate having fatty acyl residues deriving from C10- C20 and C16-C18 unsaturated fatty acids), ex Witco
20 Corporation.
The second group of QACs suitable for use in the invention is represented by formula (II):
25







wherein each R1 group is independently selected from C1-4
30 alkyl, hydroxyalkyl or C2-4 alkenyl groups; and wherein each

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R2 group is independently selected from C8-28 alkyl or alkenyl groups; and wherein n, T, and X" are as defined above.
Preferred materials of this second group include 1,2
5 bis[tallowoyloxy]-3-trimethylammonium propane chloride, 1,2 bis[hardened tallowoyloxy]-3-trimethylammonium propane chloride, 1, 2-bis[oleoyloxy] -3-trimethylammonium propane chloride, and 1,2 bis[stearoyloxy]-3-trimethylammonium propane chloride. Such materials are described in
10 US 4,137,180 (Lever Brothers). Preferably, these materials
also comprise an amount of the corresponding mono-ester.
A third group of QACs suitable for use in the invention is represented by formula (III):
15

wherein each R1 group is independently selected from C1-4 alkyl, or C2-4 alkenyl groups; and wherein each R2 group is
20 independently selected from C8-28 alkyl or alkenyl groups; and n, T, and X" are as defined above. Preferred materials of this third group include bis(2-tallowoyloxyethyl)dimethyl ammonium chloride and hardened versions thereof.
25 A fourth group of QACs suitable for use in the invention is represented by formula (IV):

30 wherein each R1 group is independently selected from C1-4 alkyl, or C2-4 alkenyl groups; and wherein each R2 group is
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independently selected from C8-28 alkyl or alkenyl groups; and X" is as defined above. Preferred materials of this fourth group include di(hardened tallow)dimethylammonium chloride.
5 The iodine value of the softening agent is preferably from 0 to 20, more preferably from 0 to 4, and most preferably from 0 to 2. Essentially saturated material, i.e. having an iodine value of from 0 to 1, is used in especially high performing compositions. At low iodine values, the
10 oftening performance is excellent and the composition has improved resistance to oxidation and associated odour problems upon storage.
Iodine value is defined as the number of grams of iodine
15 absorbed per 100 g of test material. NMR spectroscopy is a suitable technique for determining the iodine value of the softening agents of the present invention, using the method described in Anal. Chem., 34, 1136 (1962) by Johnson and Shoolery and in EP 593,542 (Unilever, 1993).
20
The softening agent is usually present in the compositions of the invention at a level of 5% or greater by weight of the total composition. For even greater softening effect, this level may be 8% or greater; whilst for particularly
25 high performance, this level may be 11% or greater. At these higher concentrations, which are also desirable for supply chain and environmental reasons, the low dispenser residues found with the compositions of the present
invention is particularly relevant and unexpected.
30

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References to levels of cationic softening agent in this specification are to the total level of cationic softening agent, including all cationic components of a complex raw material that could enter aqueous lamellar phase together.
5 With a di-ester softening agent, it includes any associated mono-ester or tri-ester that may be present.
For ease of formulation, the amount of softening agent is generally 50% or less, particularly 40% or less, and
10 especially 30% or less by weight of the total composition.
The emulsified oil
The presence of an emulsified oil is key to the present 15 invention. Generally, the emulsified oil exists as a
separate disperse phase, within the aqueous base (continuous phase), which generally also carries dispersed fragments of lamellar phase of the cationic softening agent. The emulsified oil may function by increasing the turbidity of
20 the fabric softening liquid more than would the same volume fraction of liposome droplets of the cationic softening agent. For a particularly effective turbidity increase, the oil used has a refractive index at 25°C of 1.45 or greater, in particular from 1.45 to 1.50, and especially from 1.46 to
25 1.48. Such refractive indices are higher than those of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and similar silicone/siloxane materials.

Compositions according to the invention having particularly
30 good appearance (high turbidity) comprise an emulsified non-silicone oil; preferably such compositions comprise less

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than 5% by weight of silicone oil, more preferably less than 1% by weight of silicone oil, and most preferably they comprise no silicone oil.
5 The D[4,3] droplet size of the emulsified oil is from 0.4 to 8 microns, in particular from 0.4 to 4 microns, and especially from 1 to 2 microns. Such droplet sizes may be measured using standard light scattering methods, on instruments like the Malvern Mastersizer. The preferred
10 droplet sizes help enable optimum turbidity for compositions according to the invention.
Preferred oils include mineral oils and ester oils, the latter including sugar polyesters and natural oils. Ester
15 oils are particularly preferred, especially those derived from natural oils, such as vegetable oils and essential oils.
Suitable ester oils include fatty esters of mono- or
20 polyhydric alcohols having from 1 to 24 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chain, and mono or polycarboxylic acids having from 1 to 24 carbon atoms in the hydrocarbon chain, provided that the total number of carbon atoms in the ester oil is equal to or greater than 16, and that at least one of the
25 hydrocarbon chains has 12 or more carbon atoms.
Suitable ester oils include saturated ester oils, such as the PRIOLUBES (ex. Uniqema): 2-ethyl hexyl stearate
(PRIOLUBE 1545), neopentyl glycol monomerate (PRIOLUBE 2045)
30 and methyl laurate (PRIOLUBE 1415) are particularly
preferred, although oleic monoglyceride (PRIOLUBE 1407),

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neopentyl glycol dioleate (PRIOLOBE 1446), methyl oleate (Priolube 1400)., n-butyl oleate (Priolube 1405), isobutyl oleate (Priolube 1414), propylene glycol dioleate (Priolube 1429) and isooctyl stearate (Priolube 1458) are
5 also suitable.
Also suitable are ester oils available from Henkel, for example, decyl oleate (Cetiol V), glyceryl dioleate (Emerest 2419) and propyl oleate (Emerest 2302).
10
Suitable sugar polyesters include sucrose polyesters and similar materials, typical materials being those disclosed WO 01/46361.
15 Suitable mineral oils include the Marcol technical range and Aeroshell oils (both ex Esso) although particularly preferred is the Sirius range (ex Silkolene) or Semtol (ex. Witco Corp.).
20 Suitable vegetable oils include cotton seed oil, coconut oil, safflower oil, castor oil, corn oil, soybean oil, apricot kernel oil, palm kernel oil, sweet almond oil and sunflower oil.
25 One or more oils of any of the above mentioned types may be used.
It is preferred that the viscosity of the oil is from 0.002
to 0.4 Pa.s at a temperature of 25EC at 106s"1, measured
30 using a Haake MV1 rotoviscometer. The density of the oil is generally from 0.8 to 1.0, and in particular from 0.8 to 0.9

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g.cm-3 at 25°C. The molecular weight of the oil is typically within the range 100 to 500.
The emulsified oil may be used for other functions described
5 herein, as well as serving to increase the turbidity of the composition.
The weight ratio of emulsified oil to cationic fabric softening is from 1:12 to 1:1, in particular from 1:12 to
10 1:2, and especially from 1:10 to 1:2. Typically, the oil
represents from 0.5 to 10%, in particular from 1 to 7%, and especially from 1 to 4.5% of the total weight of the composition.
15 The total amount of emulsified oil plus cationic softening agent is preferably 10% or greater, more preferably 11.5% or greater, and most preferably 13% or greater of the total weight of the composition. It is with such concentrated fabric softening compositions that the benefits of the
20 invention have greatest relevance.
Emulsifier
To form the emulsion of the oil, an emulsifier is generally
25 required. The emulsifier may be a nonionic or cationic surfactant and in preferred embodiments, both of these surfactants may be present.
Suitable nonionic surfactants include alkoxylated materials, 30 particularly addition products of ethylene oxide and/or

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propylene oxide with fatty alcohols, fatty acids and fatty amines.
Preferred materials are of the general formula: 5

Where R is a hydrophobic moiety, typically being an alkyl or alkenyl group, said group being linear or branched, primary
10 or secondary, and preferably having from 8 to 25, more preferably 10 to 20, and most preferably 10 to 18 carbon atoms; R may also be an aromatic group, such as a phenolic group, substituted by an alkyl or alkenyl group as described above; Y is a linking group, typically being 0, C0.0, or
15 CO.N(R1), where R1 is H or a C1-4 alkyl group; and z
represents the average number of ethoxylate (EO) units present, said number being 8 or more, preferably 10 or more, and most preferably 15 to 30.
20 Examples of suitable nonionic surfactants include the
ethoxylates of mixed natural or synthetic alcohols in the
Acoco= or Atallows chain length. Preferred materials are condensation products of coconut fatty alcohol with 15-20 moles of ethylene oxide and condensation products of tallow
25 fatty alcohol with 10-20 moles of ethylene oxide.
The ethoxylates of secondary alcohols such as 3-hexadecanol, 2-octadecanol, 4-eicosanol, and 5-eicosanol may also be used. Exemplary ethoxylated secondary alcohols have
30 formulae C12-EO(20); C14-EO(20); C14-EO(25); and C16-EO(30).

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Polyol-based nonionic surfactants may also be used, examples including sucrose esters (such as sucrose monooleate), alkyl
polyglucosides (such as stearyl monoglucoside and stearyl triglucoside), and alkyl polyglycerols.
5
Suitable cationic surfactants include single long chain
(C8-40) cationic surfactants. The single long chain cationic surfactant is preferably a quaternary ammonium compound comprising a hydrocarbyl chain having 8 to 40 carbon atoms,
10 more preferably 8 to 30, most preferably 12 to 25 carbon
atoms (e.g. quaternary ammonium compounds comprising a C10-14 hydrocarbyl chain are especially preferred).
Examples of commercially available single long hydrocarbyl 15 chain cationic surfactants which may be used in the
compositions of the invention include: ETHOQUAD (RTM) 0/12 (oleylbis(2-hydroxyethyl)methylammonium chloride); ETHOQUAD (RTM) C12 (cocobis(2-hydroxyethyl)methyl ammonium chloride) and ETHOQUAD (RTM) C25 (polyoxyethylene(15)cocomethyl-
20 ammonium chloride), all ex Akzo Nobel; SERVAMINE KAC (RTM), (cocotrimethylammonium methosulphate), ex Condea; REWOQUAT (RTM) CPEM, (coconutalkylpentaethoxymethylammonium methosulphate), ex Witco; cetyltrimethylammonium chloride; RADIAQUAT (RTM) 6460, (coconut oil trimethylammonium
25 chloride), ex Fina Chemicals; NORAMIUM (RTM) MC50, (oleyltrimethylammonium chloride), ex Elf Atochem.
Preferably, the composition comprises an emulsifier that has
an HLB of from 7 to 20, more preferably from 10 to 20, and 30 most preferably from 15 to 20.

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A particular surfactant may be useful in the present compositions alone or in combination with other surfactants. The preferred amounts of emulsifier indicated below refer to
5 the total amount of such materials that are present in the composition.
The total amount of emulsifier that is present is preferably from 0.05 to 10%, more preferably 0.1 to 5%, and most
10 preferably 0.35 to 3.5%, based on the total weight of the composition. The weight ratio of the total amount of emulsifier to the amount of emulsified oil is preferably from 1:30 to 1:1, in particular from 1:25 to 1:5, and especially from 1:20 to 1:10.
15
The aqueous base
The aqueous base typically comprises 8 0% or greater by weight of water; sometimes this figure may rise to 90% or
20 greater, or 95% or greater. The water in the aqueous base
typically comprises 40% or greater by weight of the total formulation; preferably this figure is 60% or greater, more preferably it is 70% or greater.
25 The aqueous base may also comprise water-soluble species,
such as mineral salts or short chain (C1-4) alcohols. The
mineral salts may aid the attainment of the desired phase volume for the composition, as may water soluble organic
salts and cationic deflocculating polymers, as described in
30 EP 41,698 A2 (Unilever). Such salts may be present at from 0.001 to 1% and preferably at from 0.005 to 0.1% by weight

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of the total composition. Examples of suitable mineral salts for this purpose include calcium chloride and magnesium chloride. Short chain alcohols that may be present include primary alcohols, such as ethanol, propanol,
5 and butanol, secondary alcohols such as isopropanol, and polyhydric alcohols such as propylene glycol and glycerol. The short chain alcohol may be added with cationic softening agent during the preparation of the composition.
10 Thickener
A thickener is a preferred component of the compositions of the invention, serving to promote the desired thick and creamy appearance. Polymeric thickeners are particularly
15 preferred.
The molecular weight of the thickener is preferably from 1,000 to 1,000,000, more preferably from 50,000 to 500,000 and most preferably from 100,000 to 400,000.
20
When present, the thickener is typically used at a level of at least 0.0005%, in particular at from 0.0005 to 2%, and especially at from 0.001 to 0.5% by weight of the total composition.
25 The thickener may be a continuous phase thickener, such as Softgel BDA; however, associative thickeners are preferred for optimal rheological profiles.
Suitable associative thickeners may be selected from
30 hydrophobically modified cellulose ethers, as described in GB 2,043,646 (Hercules) and disclosed in fabric conditioning

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compositions in EP 331,237 B1 (Unilever). Such materials are typically nonionic polymers and have a sufficient degree
of nonionic substitution selected from the class consisting of methyl, hydroxyethyl and hydroxypropyl to cause them to
5 be water-soluble and which are further substituted with one or more hydrocarbon radicals having from 10 to 24 carbon atoms, in an amount from 0.2% by weight to an amount which renders the cellulose ether less than 1% by weight soluble in water. The nonionic cellulose ether that forms the
10 >backbone= of the hydrophobically modified derivative may be any nonionic water soluble cellulose ether substrate, such as hydroxyethyl celluose (HEC), hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC), methyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose, ethyl hydroxyethyl celluose or methyl hydroxyethyl celluose.
15 The preferred >backbone= is HEC.
Other suitable associative thickeners include the Collacral range (ethoxylate urethanes) from BASF, the PureThix range from Sud-Chemie, the Aquaflow range (HM end-capped PEGs)
20 from Aqualon, and the Nexton range (HMHEC), also from Aqualon.
Especially preferred associative thickeners are hydrophobically modified cellulose ethers sold under the
25 trade names Natrosol Plus 100, 250, 331, and 430, by Hercules.
Fatty complexing agent
30 A preferred additional component in the compositions of the present invention is a fatty complexing agent. Such agents

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typically have a C8 to C22 hydrocarbyl chain present as part of their molecular structure. Suitable fatty complexing agents include C8 to C22 fatty alcohols and C8 to C22 fatty acids; of these, the C8 to C22 fatty alcohols are most
5 preferred. A fatty complexing agent is particularly
valuable in compositions comprising a QAC having a single C12-28 group connected to the nitrogen head group, such as mono-ester associated with a TEA ester quat. or a softening agent of formula II, for reasons of product stability and
10 effectiveness.
Preferred fatty acid complexing agents include hardened tallow fatty acid (available as Pristerene, ex Uniqema).
15 Preferred fatty alcohol complexing agents include hardened
tallow alcohol (available as Stenol and Hydrenol, ex Cognis, and Laurex CS, ex Albright and Wilson) and behenyl alcohol, a C22 fatty alcohol, available as Lanette 22, ex Henkel.
20 The fatty complexing agent may be used at from 0.1% to 10%, particularly at from 0.5% to 5%, and especially at from 0.75 to 2% by weight, based on the total weight of the composition.
25 Perfume
The compositions of the invention typically comprise one or more perfumes. The perfume is preferably present in an
amount from 0.01 to 10% by weight, more preferably 0.05 to.
30 5% by weight, most preferably 0.5 to 4.0% by weight, based on the total weight of the composition.

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Co-softener
Co-softeners may be used together with the cationic
5 softening agent. When employed, they are typically present at from 0.1 to 20% and particularly at from 0.5 to 10%, based on the total weight of the composition. Preferred co-softeners include fatty esters, and fatty N-oxides.
10 Fatty esters that may be employed include fatty monoesters, such as glycerol monostearate, fatty sugar esters, such as those disclosed WO 01/46361 (Unilever).
Further Optional Ingredients
15
The compositions of the invention may contain one or more other ingredients. Such ingredients include preservatives (e.g. bactericides), pH buffering agents, perfume carriers, fluorescers, colourants, hydrotropes, antifoaming agents,
20 anti-redeposition agents, soil-release agents,
polyelectrolytes, enzymes, optical brightening agents, anti-shrinking agents, anti-wrinkle agents, anti-spotting agents, anti-oxidants, sunscreens, anti-corrosion agents, drape imparting agents, anti-static agents, ironing aids and dyes.
25
A particularly preferred optional ingredient is an opacifier or pearlescer. Such ingredients can serve to further augment the creamy appearance of the compositions of the invention. Suitable materials may be selected from the
30 Aqusol 0P30X range (ex Rohm and Haas), the PuriColour White range (ex Ciba) and the LameSoft TM range (ex Cognis). Such

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materials are typically used at a level of from 0.01 to 1% by weight of the total composition.
Product Use
5
The compositions of the present invention are preferably rinse conditioner compositions and may be used in the rinse cycle of a domestic laundry process.
10 The composition is preferably used in the rinse cycle of a home textile laundering operation, where, it may be added directly in an undiluted state to a washing machine, e.g. through a dispenser drawer or, for a top-loading washing machine, directly into the drum. Alternatively, it can be
15 diluted prior to use. The compositions may also be used in a domestic hand-washing laundry operation.
It is also possible, though less desirable, for the compositions of the present invention to be used in
20 industrial laundry operations, e.g. as a finishing agent for softening new clothes prior to sale to consumers.
Manufacture
25 The compositions according to the invention may be prepared by any of the means known in the art. In a preferred method of manufacture, an emulsion of the oil is prepared independently of a dispersion of the cationic fabric
softener and the two are then mixed to give a composition
30 according, to the invention, the oil emulsion typically being added to the dispersion of the cationic fabric softener. In

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an alternative method, the oil and cationic fabric softening agent may be melted together and the co-melt then dispersed into an aqueous base using methods known in the art.
5 It is preferred that the droplet size of the emulsified oil is reduced by use of high shear milling equipment. It is further preferred that this process is performed on the emulsified oil prior to its mixing with the cationic fabric softening agent - the droplet size of the oil may be reduced
10 to its required D[4,3] during this procedure.
Examples
The invention is further illustrated by the particular (non
15 limiting) examples described below. All amounts indicated are weight percentages of the total composition, unless otherwise indicated.
Emulsions of oil (13%) in demineralised water were prepared
20 in the following manner, using 0.87% Coco 20 EO (Genapol C200, ex Clariant) as the emulsifier. The oil and the emulsifier were melted together at about 45°C. Water, at about 60°C, was then added with vigorous stirring. The mixture produced was passed through a high pressure
25 homogeniser, the operating pressure being adjusted to attain the D[4,3] droplet sizes indicated in Table 1.
Three different types of oil were emulsified and six
different D[4,3] droplet sizes were attained, as indicated
30 in Table 1.

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5 A dispersion of cationic fabric softener (13%) in
demineralised water was prepared in the following manner.
A co-melt of TEA ester quat. {Tetranyl AHT-LV, ex Kao) , tallow alcohol (Hydrenol D, ex Cognis), and Coco 20 EO
10 (Genapol C200, ex Clariant), in a ratio of 13:0.6:0.45, was prepared by heating the components together at about 65°C. In a separate vessel, demineralised water containing small amounts of anti-foam (Rhodorsil, ex Rhone-Poulenc) and preservative (Proxel GXL, ex Zeneca) was heated to 60°C.
15 The co-melt was added slowly to the aqueous phase with stirring and circulation of the mixture through a loop including high shear milling equipment. Following addition of the co-melt, the mixture was allowed to cool with continued passage of the mixture through the high shear
20 milling equipment. The ratio of the co-melt to the aqueous phase was such as to produce a dispersion comprising 13% TEA ester quat., 0.6% tallow alcohol, 0.45% Coco 20 EO, 0.005%

WO 2006/005480 PCT/EP2005/007230
- 24 -
anti-foam, and 0.008% preservative. The dispersion also comprised small amounts of fatty acid and isopropanol, these materials having been associated with the Tetranyl AHT-LV raw material (at levels of up to 2% and 15% of the raw
5 material, respectively).
Liquid fabric softening compositions according to the invention were prepared by post-dosing samples of each of the oil emulsions indicated in Table 1 into samples of the
10 dispersion of cationic fabric softener described above. Compositions having three different ratios of oil to cationic fabric softener were prepared: 1:12, 3:10, and 1:1. Details of the amounts of the major components in these compositions are given in Table 2.
15
Table 2: Test Compositions

Tables 3, 4, and 5 indicate the results obtained with each
20 of the 18 Examples prepared. Reflectance values were
measured using a Datacolor Spectraflash 600 Plus; dispenser residues are expressed as a weight percentage of the amount dosed; and the viscosity measurements were made on a Haake rotoviscometer, at ambient temperature, at 2 /s.

WO 2006/005480 PCT/EP2005/007230
- 25 -
Table 3: 1% Oil; 12% Cationic Compositions



5 Table 4: 3% Oil; 10% Cationic Compositions



Table 5: 6.5% Oil; 6.5% Cationic Compositions

10 From the above results, it can be seen that high reflectance values are obtained across the range of oil droplet sizes investigated, in particular across the range from 0.4 to

WO 2006/005480 PCT/EP2005/007230
- 26 -
3.75 microns (these samples also giving the lowest dispenser residues), and especially across the range from 1.07 to 1.61 microns.


- 27 -Claims
1. A method of manufacturing a liquid fabric softening
composition comprising an aqueous base, a cationic fabric
5 softening agent, and an emulsified oil which has a
refractive index at 25°C of 1.45 or greater in an amount such that the weight ratio of oil to cationic fabric softening agent is from 1:12 to 1:1, and the D[4,3] droplet size of the emulsified oil is from 0.4 to 8
10 microns, characterised in that an emulsion of the oil is prepared independently of a dispersion of the cationic fabric softener and the two are then mixed.
2. A method according to claim 1, wherein the D[4,3] droplet
15 size of the emulsified oil is from 0.4 to 4 microns.
3. A method according to claim 1 or claim 2, in which the
composition additionally comprises an emulsifier.
20 4. A method according to claim 3, in which the composition comprises a nonionic surfactant.
5. A method according to any of the preceding claims,
wherein the cationic fabric softening agent comprises a
25 di-ester of triethanolammonium methylsulphate.
6. A method according to any of the preceding claims, in
which the composition comprises an emulsified non-
silicone oil.
30
7. A method according to claim 6, in which the composition
comprises an ester oil.
ellved at the EPO on May 15, 2006 12:52:36. P1 AMENDED SHEET 15/05/2006

Printed: 17/05/2006 CLMSPAMD 'EP0507230
- 28 -
8. A method according to claim 7, in which the composition
comprises a sugar polyester oil.
9. A method according to any of the preceding claims, in
5 which the composition comprises a thickener.
10. A method according to claim 9, in which the composition
comprises an associative thickener.
10 11. A method according to any of the preceding claims, in
which the composition comprises a fatty complexing agent.
12. A method according to claim 11, in which the composition
comprises a Cg to C22 fatty alcohol.
15
13. A method according to any of the preceding claims, in
which the composition comprises an opacifier or
pearlescer.
20 14. A method according to any of the preceding claims, in
which the composition has a. viscosity of from 100 to 1000 mPa.s.
15. A method as claimed in any preceding claim, in which the
25 emulsified oil is subject to high shear milling to obtain the required D[4,3] droplet size prior to mixing with the dispersion of the cationic fabric softener.





le2ived at the EPO on May 15, 2006 12:52:36. P1 AMENDED SHEET

15/05/2006

Documents:

34-MUMNP-2007-ABSTRACT(19-1-2009).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-abstract(granted)-(23-9-2009).pdf

34-MUMNP-2007-CLAIMS(19-1-2009).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-claims(granted)-(23-9-2009).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-claims.doc

34-mumnp-2007-claims.pdf

34-mumnp-2007-correspondence 1(24-5-2007).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-correspondence 2(30-9-2009).pdf

34-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE(19-1-2009).pdf

34-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE(19-8-2009).pdf

34-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE(30-9-2009).pdf

34-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE(6-7-2009).pdf

34-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE(8-2-2012).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-correspondence(ipo)-(24-9-2009).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-correspondence-others.pdf

34-mumnp-2007-correspondence-received.pdf

34-mumnp-2007-description (complete).pdf

34-MUMNP-2007-DESCRIPTION(COMPLETE)-(19-1-2009).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-description(granted)-(23-9-2009).pdf

34-MUMNP-2007-FORM 1(9-1-2007).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-form 13(4-10-2007).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-form 18(24-5-2007).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-form 2(19-1-2009).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-form 2(granted)-(23-9-2009).pdf

34-MUMNP-2007-FORM 2(TITLE PAGE)-(19-1-2009).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-form 2(title page)-(granted)-(23-9-2009).pdf

34-MUMNP-2007-FORM 3(19-1-2009).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-form 3(9-1-2007).pdf

34-MUMNP-2007-FORM 5(19-1-2009).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-form 5(9-1-2007).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-form-1.pdf

34-mumnp-2007-form-2.doc

34-mumnp-2007-form-2.pdf

34-mumnp-2007-form-3.pdf

34-mumnp-2007-form-5.pdf

34-mumnp-2007-form-pct-ipea-409.pdf

34-mumnp-2007-form-pct-ipea-416.pdf

34-mumnp-2007-general power of attorney(14-11-2007).pdf

34-MUMNP-2007-INVENTION SEARCH RESULTS(19-1-2009).pdf

34-mumnp-2007-pct-dsearch report.pdf

34-mumnp-2007-wo international publication report(9-1-2007).pdf


Patent Number 236098
Indian Patent Application Number 34/MUMNP/2007
PG Journal Number 40/2009
Publication Date 02-Oct-2009
Grant Date 23-Sep-2009
Date of Filing 09-Jan-2007
Name of Patentee HINDUSTAN UNILEVER LIMITED
Applicant Address Hindustan Lever House, 165-166 Backbay Reclamation, Mumbai, 400 020,
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 FORD Gary James Peter Unilver R&D Port Sunlight, Quarry Road East, Bebington, Wirral, Merseyside CH63 3JW
2 ROTH Stephane Patrick Lever Faberge Limited, 3 St. James Road, Kingston-upon-Thames, Surrey KT1 2BA,
3 SOUBIRAN Laurent 60 Broom Park, Teddington, Middlesex TW11 9RR,
PCT International Classification Number C11D1/62,C11D3/22
PCT International Application Number PCT/EP2005/007230
PCT International Filing date 2005-07-01
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 0415832.5 2004-07-15 U.K.