Title of Invention

FABRIC SOFTENING COMPOSITION

Abstract N/A
Full Text FORM - 2
THE PATENTS ACT, 1970
(39 of 1970)
&
The Patents Rules, 2003
COMPLETE SPECIFICATION
(See Section 10 and Rule 13)
FABRIC SOFTENING COMPOSITION
HINDUSTAN UNILEVER LIMITED, a company incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 and having its registered office at Hindustan Lever House, 165/166, Backbay Reclamation, Mumbai -400 020, Maharashtra, India
The following specification particularly describes the invention and the manner in which it is to be performed

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FABRIC SOFTENING COMPOSITION
Technical Field

The present invention relates to fabric softening compositions. In particular the invention relates to fabric softening compositions that are visually and rheologically appealing to consumers and exhibit good stability.
Background and Prior Art
It is well known to provide liquid fabric softening compositions that soften treated fabric. Such compositions are typically
added to fabric in the rinse cycle of the wash process. It has been observed that consumer preference is for liquid fabric conditioners that appear thick and creamy, cued by having a high viscosity and a high opacity. Conditioners that appear thin and/or translucent/watery may be perceived as being cheap and ineffective, whereas conditioners that appear thick and creamy are perceived as premium products. One route to achieve this is through the use of polymeric viscosity modifiers.
Fabric conditioners comprising polymeric viscosity modifiers and cationic softening agent are known in the art. For example, WO-Al-02/081611 discloses a fabric softener composition for the treatment of textile fibre materials in domestic applications comprises a fabric softener and a
water-soluble polyurethane obtainable by reaction of (a) a diisocyanate, with (b) a polyether containing at least one

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hydroxyl group, (c) optionally a diol derived from an aliphatic residue having from 2 to 12 carbon atoms, and (d) an agent introducing a water-solubilising group.
US 2004/0214736, US6827795, EP0501714, US2003/0104964 and US 5880084 disclose fabric softening compositions comprising Polyquaternium 24 which is a polymeric quaternary ammonium salt of hydroxyethyl cellulose reacted with lauryl dimethyl ammonium epoxide.

EP-A2-0385749 discloses fabric conditioning compositions comprising a quaternary ammonium softening material and a polymeric thickener. The thickener has a hydrophilic backbone and two hydrophobic groups attached thereto.

EP 331237 discloses an aqueous fabric conditioning composition comprising a fabric softener and a non-ionic cellulose ether, characterised in that said non-ionic cellulose ether has a sufficient degree of non-ionic substitution selected from the
class consisting of methyl, hydroxyethyl and hydroxypropyl to cause it to be water-soluble and wherein said non-ionic cellulose ether is hydrophobically modified by further substitution with one or more hydrocarbon radicals having abut 10 to 24 carbon atoms, in an amount between 0.2% by weight and
the amount which renders the cellulose ether less than 1% by
weight soluble on water at 20°C. Preferred non-ionic cellulose ethers are hydrophobically modified hydroxyethyl cellulose (HMHEC) commercially available from Hercules Incorporated under the trade designation "Natrosol Plus". Specific examples of
HMHEC which have been disclosed in fabric conditioning
compositions are Natrosol Plus 330 and Natrosol Plus 331.

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HMHEC polymers achieve viscosity build up by forming links between dispersed particles of the fabric conditioner system i.e. they act as "associative thickener". This is in contrast to "continuous phase thickeners" which work simply by thickening the continuous phase without any association. The benefits of HMHEC s are that they are more weight effective and hence are a more cost effective solution to achieving high product viscosities and also reduces material consumption i.e. better for the environment generally.
Where these polymers have been used previously with dilute products these have generally proven to be most effective at moderate temperatures ( In order to maintain the product viscosity, the HMHEC must remain associated or "bound" to the dispersed phase. If the polymer loses this binding, the hydrophobic moieties of the polymer can associate intramolecularly such that the viscosity drops below specification and the product becomes thin and more
liable to separation. Another key issue regarding TEAQ type actives is that these actives may contain a significant amount of more water soluble mono-ester components. These components become even more water soluble as the temperature of the system is raised and this is believed to lead to the formation of
micellar type structures in the continuous phase. These micelles are believed to facilitate the release of the

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hydrophobic chains of the polymer from the bilayer of the dispersed organic phase. In addition, as the ester linked actives hydrolyse under these high temperature conditions, the more hydrophobic triester and diester species break down to form the mono-ester products, thus exacerbating the problem even further.
The invention has been made with the above points in mind.
Summary of the invention
According to the present invention there is provided an aqueous fabric softening composition comprising a cationic fabric softener and water-soluble polysaccharide polymers comprising
hydrophobic groups selected from aryl, alkyl, alkenyl, aralkyl each having at least 14 carbon atoms and mixtures thereof, wherein the polymers comprise from 1 to 2.5% by weight of said hydrobic groups and have a molecular weight in the range from 100,000 to 700,000.

The compositions of the invention provide improved high temperature stability compared to compositions containing the known HMHEC polymers. The polymers used in the invention have a higher hydrophobe content than those previously used.

The improved properties are believed to be due to the fact that there are enough hydrophobic chains to maintain the links between the polymers and the active but that there are not too many such that the polymer becomes water-insoluble and the
polymers do not intra-molecularly bind to itself rather than the dispersed actives.

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Water-soluble polysaccharide polymers
The water-soluble polysaccharide polymers comprising hydrophobic groups selected from aryl, alkyl, alkenyl, aralkyl and mixtures thereof, wherein the polymers comprise from 1 to 2.5%, preferably 1.2 to 2%, by weight of said hydrobic groups and have a molecular weight in the range from 100,000 to 700,000. The polymers are preferably cellulose ethers.

The starting materials for the water-soluble polysaccharides, such as cellulose ethers, include hydroxyethylcellulose (HEC), ethyl hydroxyethylcellulose (EHEC), hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC), methyl cellulose (MC), hydroxypropylmethyl
cellulose (HPMC) and methyl hydroxyethyl cellulose (MHEC), hydroxyethylmethyl-cellulose (HEMC), hydroxyethylcarboxy-methylcellulose (HECMC), and guar and guar derivatives and the like. A particularly preferred cellulose ether starting material is hydroxyethylcellulose. A cellulose ether such as
hydroxyethylcellulose, is reacted with a hydrophobic moiety, such as cetylglycidyl ether, to form the hydrophobically modified cellulose ether. This reaction should be conducted so that the hydrophobe content is high to result in a hydrophobe content of from 1 to 2.5 weight percent in the final polymer.

The hydrophobe moieties are hydrocarbons of alkyl, aryl, alkenyl, or aralkyl groups having at least 14 carbon atoms, preferably at least about 16 carbons, and more preferably an alkyl group of 16 carbon atoms. Generally, the upper limit of
the carbon atoms of the hydrocarbon moiety is 24 atoms,
preferably 20 carbons, and more preferably 18 carbons. The

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hydrocarbon containing hydrophobe may be unsubstituted, i.e., simply a long chain alkyl group, or substituted with non-reactive groups such as aromatics, i.e., and aralkyl groups. Typical alkylating agents reactive with the cellulose ether hydroxyl groups include halides, epoxides, isocyanates, carboxylic acids, or acid halides.
The polymers may be non-ionic or cationic.
The cellulose ethers may be provided with the quaternary nitrogen-containing substituents through quaternization reactions that may be achieved by reacting the polysaccharides with quaternizing agents which are quaternary ammonium salts, including mixtures thereof, to effect substitution of the
polysaccharide with quaternary nitrogen containing groups on the backbone. Typical quaternary ammonium salts that can be used include quaternary nitrogen containing halides, halohydrins, and epoxides. Examples of the quaternary ammonium salts include one or more of the following: 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl
dimethyldodecyl ammonium chloride; 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl dimethylocetadecyl ammonium chloride; 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl dimethyloctyl ammonium chloride; 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride; 2-chloroethyl trimethyl ammonium chloride; 2,3-epoxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride; and the
like. Preferred quaternization agents include 3-chloro-2-hydroxyupropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride; 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl dimethyloctadecyl ammonium chloride; 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl dimethyltetradecyl ammonium chloride; 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl dimethylhexadecyl ammonium chloride; 3-chloro-2-
hydroxypropyl dimethyldodecyl ammonium chloride; and 3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl dimethyloctadecyl ammonium chloride.

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Quaternization can also be achieved using a two-step synthesis of (1) aminating the polysaccharide by reaction with an aminating agent, such as an amine halide, halohydrin or epoxide, followed by (2) quaternizing the product of step (1) by reaction with quaternizing agent, or mixtures thereof, containing a functioning group which forms a salt with the amine.
The molecular weight of the polymers is in the range 100,000 to 700,000 Da, preferably in the range 200,000 to 550,000 Da.
While higher molecular weight polymers may possess viscosity modifying properties they are unsuitable for use in the fabric softening compositions of the invention as the compositions become more difficult to dispense and disperse in the rinse cycle of a washing machine.
Depending upon the target viscosity the polymer will generally be used in an amount of from 0.008 to 1.0% by weight, preferably 0.01 to 0.30% more preferably 0.02 to 0.2% by weight of the fabric softening composition.
Cationic softening agent
The cationic softening is generally one that is able to form a lamellar phase dispersion in water, in particular a dispersion of liposomes.

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The cationic softening agent is typically a quaternary ammonium compound (“QAC") , in particular one having two C12-28 groups connected to the nitrogen head group that may independently be alkyl or alkenyl groups, preferably being connected to the nitrogen head group by at least one ester link, and more preferably by two ester links.
The average chain length of the alkyl and/or alkenyl groups is preferably at least C14 and more preferably at least C16. It is particularly preferred that at least half of the groups have a chain length of C18. In general, the alkyl and/or alkenyl groups are predominantly linear.
A first group of QACs suitable for use in the present invention is represented by formula (I):
[(CH2)n(TR)]m
I
R1-N+-[(CH2)n(OH)]3-m X" (I)

wherein each R is independently selected from a C5-35 alkyl or
alkenyl group; R1 represents a C1-4 alkyl, C2_4 alkenyl or a C1-4
hydroxyalkyl group; T is generally O-CO. (i.e. an ester group
bound to R via its carbon atom), but may alternatively be CO.O
(i.e. an ester group bound to R via its oxygen atom); n is a number selected from 1 to 4; m is a number, selected from 1, 2, or 3; and X" is an anionic counter-ion, such as a halide or alkyl sulphate, e.g. chloride or methylsulphate. Di-esters variants of formula I (i.e. m = 2) are preferred and typically have mono-
and tri-ester analogues associated with them. Such materials are particularly suitable for use in the present invention.

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Especially preferred agents are di-esters of triethanolainmonium methylsulphate, otherwise referred to as "TEA ester quats.". Commercial examples include Tetranyl AHT-1, ex Kao, (a di-[hardened tallow ester] of triethanolainmonium methylsulphate), AT-1 (di-[tallow ester] of triethanolainmonium methylsulphate), and L5/90 (di-[palm ester] of triethanolainmonium methylsulphate), both ex Kao, and Rewoguat WE18 (a ditallow ester of triethanolainmonium methyl sulphate) ex Degussa.
The second group of QACs suitable for use in the invention is represented by formula (II):
(R1)3N+-(CH2)n-CH-TR2 X" (II)
I
CH2TR2
wherein each R1 group is independently selected from C1-4 alkyl, hydroxyalkyl or C2-4 alkenyl groups; and wherein each R2 group is independently selected from C8-28 alkyl or alkenyl groups; and wherein n, T, and X" are as defined above.
Preferred materials of this second group include 1,2 bis[tallowoyloxy]-3-trimethylammonium propane chloride, 1,2 bis[hardened tallowoyloxy]-3-trimethylammonium propane chloride, 1,2-bis[oleoyloxy]-3-trimethylammonium propane chloride, and 1,2 bis[stearoyloxy]-3-trimethylammonium propane chloride. Such materials are described in US 4,137,180 (Lever Brothers). Preferably, these materials also comprise an amount of the corresponding mono-ester.

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A third group of QACs suitable for use in the invention is represented by formula (III):
(R1)2-N+-[(CH2)n-T-R2]2 X" (III)
wherein each R1 group is independently selected from C1-4 alkyl, or C2-4 alkenyl groups; and wherein each R2 group is independently selected from C8-28 alkyl or alkenyl groups; and n, T, and X" are as defined above. Preferred materials of this third group include bis(2-tallowoyloxyethyl)dimethyl ammonium chloride and hardened versions thereof.
A fourth group of QACs suitable for use in the invention is represented by formula (IV):
(R1)2"N+-(R2)2 X' (IV)
wherein each R1 group is independently selected from C1-4 alkyl, or C2-4 alkenyl groups; and wherein each R2 group is independently selected from C8-28 alkyl or alkenyl groups; and X- is as defined above. Preferred materials of this fourth group include di(hardened tallow)dimethylammonium chloride.
The iodine value of the softening agent is preferably from 0 to 120, more preferably from 0 to 100, and most preferably from 0 to 90. Essentially saturated material, i.e. having an iodine value of from 0 to 1, is used in especially high performing compositions. At low iodine values, the softening performance is excellent and the composition has improved resistance to oxidation and associated odour problems upon storage.

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Iodine value is defined as the number of grams of iodine absorbed per 100 g of test material. NMR spectroscopy is a suitable technique for determining the iodine value of the softening agents of the present invention, using the method described in Anal. Chem., 34, 1136 (1962) by Johnson and Shoolery and in EP 593,542 (Unilever, 1993).
References to levels of cationic softening agent in this specification are to the total level of cationic softening agent, including all cationic components of a complex raw
material that could enter the aqueous lamellar phase together. With a di-ester softening agent, it includes any associated mono-ester or tri-ester components that may be present.
For ease of formulation, the amount of softening agent is
generally 50% or less, particularly 40% or less, and especially 30% or less by weight of the total composition. The preferred compositions contain from 0.5 to 8% by weight of softening agent.

Non-ionic surfactant
A non-ionic surfactant may be present in order to stabilise the composition, or perform other functions such as emulsifying any oil that may be present.
Suitable non-ionic surfactants include alkoxylated materials, particularly addition products of ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide with fatty alcohols, fatty acids and fatty amines.

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Preferred materials are of the general formula: R-Y-(CH2CH20)zH
Where R is a hydrophobic moiety, typically being an alkyl or alkenyl group, said group being linear or branched, primary or secondary, and preferably having from 8 to 25, more preferably 10 to 20, and most preferably 10 to 18 carbon atoms; R may also be an aromatic group, such as a phenolic group, substituted by
an alkyl or alkenyl group as described above; Y is a linking group, typically being 0, CO.O, or CO.N(R1), where R1 is H or a C1-4 alkyl group; and z represents the average number of ethoxylate (EO) units present, said number being 8 or more, preferably 10 or more, more preferably 10 to 30, most preferably
12 to 25, e.g. 12 to 20.
Examples of suitable non-ionic surfactants include the ethoxylates of mixed natural or synthetic alcohols in the "coco" or "tallow" chain length. Preferred materials are condensation products of coconut fatty alcohol with 15-20 moles of ethylene oxide and condensation products of tallow fatty alcohol with 10-20 moles of ethylene oxide.
The ethoxylates of secondary alcohols such as 3-hexadecanol, 2-
octadecanol, 4-eicosanol, and 5-eicosanol may also be used.
Exemplary ethoxylated secondary alcohols have formulae C12-
EO(20); C14-EO(20); C14-EO(25); and C16-EO (30) .Especially
preferred secondary alcohols are disclosed in PCT/EP2004/003992
and include Tergitol-15-S-3.

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Polyol-based non-ionic surfactants may also be used examples including sucrose esters (such as sucrose monooleate), alkyl polyglucosides (such as stearyl monoglucoside and stearyl triglucoside), and alkyl polyglycerols.

Suitable cationic surfactants include single long chain(C8-40) cationic surfactants. The single long chain cationic surfactant is preferably a quaternary ammonium compound comprising a hydrocarbyl chain having 8 to 40 carbon atoms, more preferably 8 to 30, most preferably 12 to 25 carbon atoms (e.g. quaternary ammonium compounds comprising a C10-14 hydrocarbyl chain are especially preferred).
Examples of commercially available single long hydrocarbyl chain cationic surfactants which may be used in the compositions of the invention include: ETHOQUAD (RTM) 0/12 (oleylbis(2-hydroxyethyl)methylammonium chloride); ETHOQUAD (RTM) C12 (cocobis(2-hydroxyethyl)methyl ammonium chloride) and ETHOQUAD (RTM) C25 (polyoxyethylene(15)cocomethyl-ammonium chloride), all ex Akzo Nobel; SERVAMINE KAC (RTM), (cocotrimethylammonium methosulphate), ex Condea; REWOQUAT (RTM) CPEM,
(coconutalkylpentaethoxymethylammonium methosulphate), ex Witco; cetyltrimethylammonium chloride; RADIAQUAT (RTM) 64 60, (coconut oil trimethylammonium chloride), ex Fina Chemicals; NORAMIUM (RTM) MC50, (oleyltrimethylammonium chloride), ex Elf Atochem.
Optionally, the composition comprises an emulsifier that has an HLB of from 7 to 20, more preferably from 10 to 20, and most preferably from 15 to 20.

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A particular surfactant may be useful in the present compositions alone or in combination with other surfactants. The preferred amounts of non-ionic surfactant indicated below refer to the total amount of such materials that are present in the composition.
When present, the total amount of non-ionic surfactant present is generally from 0.05 to 10%, usually 0.1 to 5%, and often 0.35 to 3.5%, based on the total weight of the composition. If an oil is present in the composition, the weight ratio of the total amount of non-ionic surfactant to the amount of emulsified oil is preferably from 1:30 to 1:1, in particular from 1:25 to 1:5, and especially from 1:20 to 1:10.
Aqueous base
The compositions of the invention are typically aqueous.
The aqueous base typically comprises 80% or greater by weight of water; sometimes this figure may rise to 90% or greater, or 95% or greater. The water in the aqueous base typically comprises 40% or greater by weight of the total formulation; preferably this figure is 60% or greater, more preferably it is 70% or greater.
The aqueous base may also comprise water-soluble species, such as mineral salts or short chain (C1-4) alcohols. The mineral salts may aid the attainment of the desired viscosity for the composition, as may water soluble organic salts and cationic deflocculating polymers, as described in EP 41,698 A2
(Unilever). Such salts may be present at from 0.001 to 1% and

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preferably at from 0.005 to 0.1% by weight of the total composition. Examples of suitable mineral salts for this purpose include calcium chloride, magnesium chloride and potassium chloride. Short chain alcohols that may be present include primary alcohols, such as ethanol, propanol, and
butanol, secondary alcohols such as isopropanol, and polyhydric alcohols such as propylene glycol and glycerol. The short chain alcohol may be added with cationic softening agent during the preparation of the composition.
Fatty complexing agent
A preferred additional component in the compositions of the present invention is a fatty complexing agent. Such agents
typically have a C8 to C22 hydrocarbyl chain present as part of their molecular structure. Suitable fatty complexing agents include C8 to C22 fatty alcohols and C8 to C22 fatty acids; of these, the Cs to C22 fatty alcohols are most preferred. A fatty complexing agent is particularly valuable in compositions
comprising a QAC having a single C12-28 group connected to the nitrogen head group, such as mono-ester associated with a TEA ester quat. or a softening agent of formula II, for reasons of product stability and effectiveness.
Preferred fatty acid complexing agents include hardened tallow fatty acid (available as Pristerene, ex Uniqema).
Preferred fatty alcohol complexing agents include C16/C18 fatty alcohols (available as Stenol and Hydrenol, ex Cognis, and Laurex CS, ex Albright and Wilson) and behenyl alcohol, a C22 fatty alcohol, available as Lanette 22, ex Henkel.

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The fatty complexing agent may be used at from 0.1% to 10%, particularly at from 0.2% to 5%, and especially at from 0.4 to 2% by weight, based on the total weight of the composition.
Perfume
The compositions of the invention typically comprise one or more perfumes. The perfume is preferably present in an amount from 0.01 to 10% by weight, more preferably 0.05 to 5% by weight, most preferably 0.5 to 4.0% by weight, based on the total weight of the composition.
Co-softener

Co-softeners may be used together with the cationic softening agent. When employed, they are typically present at from 0.1 to 20% and particularly at from 0.5 to 10%, based on the total weight of the composition. Preferred co-softeners include fatty
esters, and fatty N-oxides.
Fatty esters that may be employed include fatty monoesters, such as glycerol monostearate, fatty sugar esters, such as those disclosed WO 01/46361 (Unilever).
Further Optional Ingredients
The compositions of the invention may contain one or more other ingredients. Such ingredients include preservatives (e.g. bactericides) , pH buffering agents, perfume carriers,
fluorescers, colourants, hydrotropes, antifoaming agents, anti-

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redeposition agents, soil-release agents, polyelectrolytes, enzymes, optical brightening agents, anti-shrinking agents, anti-wrinkle agents, anti-spotting agents, anti-oxidants, sunscreens, anti-corrosion agents, drape imparting agents, anti- static agents, ironing aids and dyes.
A particularly preferred optional ingredient is an opacifier or pearlescer. Such ingredients can serve to further augment the creamy appearance of the compositions of the invention.
Suitable materials may be selected from the Aquasol 0P30X range (ex Rohm and Haas), the PuriColour White range {ex Ciba) and the LameSoft TM range (ex Cognis) . Such materials are typically used at a level of from 0.01 to 1% by weight of the total composition.

Product Use
The compositions of the present invention are preferably rinse conditioner compositions and may be used in the rinse cycle of a domestic laundry process.
The composition is preferably used in the rinse cycle of a home textile laundering operation, where, it may be added directly in an undiluted state to a washing machine, e.g. through a dispenser drawer or, for a top-loading washing machine, directly into the drum. Alternatively, it can be diluted prior to use. The compositions may also be used in a domestic hand-washing laundry operation.
It is also possible, though less desirable, for the compositions of the present invention to be used in industrial laundry

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operations, e.g. as a finishing agent for softening new clothes prior to sale to consumers.
Manufacture

The compositions according to the invention may be prepared by any of the means known in the art. In a preferred method of manufacture of a fabric softening composition, a solution of the polymer is prepared independently of a dispersion of the
cationic fabric softening agent and the separate components are then mixed to provide a composition according to the invention. In practice, the polymer solution is post-dosed into the dispersion with mixing at ambient temperature. Alternatively, after the dispersion of the pre-melted cationic fabric softening
agent into an aqueous base, the polymer solution can be added hot using methods known in the art.
Of course, it will be understood that the polymeric thickener can be used in any fabric treatment composition where a thick and creamy product which remains dispensable is desired.
Examples
The invention is further illustrated by the particular (non- limiting) examples described below. All amounts indicated are weight percentages of the total composition, unless otherwise indicated.
In the Examples the following viscosity modifiers were used:

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polymer Hydrophobe type Hydrophobe wt % Cat-DS HE-MS Approx. Mol wt
control C16 0.6 0 3.3 370,000 Dalton
A C16 1.55 0 3.91 450,000 Dalton
B C16 2.05 0 3.21 410,000 Dalton
C C18 1.39 0 3.30 420,000 Dalton
D C16 1.35 0,05 3.91 440,000 Dalton
E C16 1.35 0,01 3.91 440,000 Dalton

Cat-DS is the degree of cationic substitution.
HE-MS is the extent of hydroxyethyl molar substitution.
The following formulations were prepared:

Raw Material Example A Example 1
HTTEAQ 5.88 5.88
Hydrenol D 0.42% 0.42%
Perfume 0.32% 0.32%
Polymer 0.079% CP 0.102% Polymer A
Silicone 2.78% 2.78%
Iriodin (opacifier) 0.05% 0.05%
Water, dye, preservative To 100% To 100%


Raw Material Example B Example C Example 2 Example 3
HTTEAQ 4.88% 4.88% 4.88% 4.88%
Hydrenol D 0.35% 0.35% 0.35% 0.35%
Perfume 0.3% 0.3% 0.3% 0.3%
Polymer 0.05% CP 0.131% CP 0.25% Polymer B 0.17%PolymerB
Silicone - 2.78% - 2.78%
Minors (Dye, preservative)
Water To 100% To 100% To 100% To 100%

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Raw Material Example 4 Example 5 Example 6
HTTEAQ 4.88% 4.88% 4.88%
Hydrenol D 0.35% 0.35% 0.35%
Perfume 0.3% 0.3% 0.3%
Polymer 0.25% Polymer C 0.17% Polymer C 0.075% Polymer D
Silicone - 2.78% -
Minors (Dye, preservative)
Water To 100% To 100% To 100%

Raw Material Example 7 Example 8
HTTEAQ 4.88% 4.88%
Hydrenol D 0.35% 0.35%
Perfume 0.3% 0.3%
Polymer 0.15% Polymer E 0.20% Polymer E
Silicone - 2.78%
Minors (Dye, preservative)
Water To 100% To 100%
HTTEAQ is hardened tallow triethanolamine quaternary based on reaction of approximately 2 moles of hardened tallow fatty acid with 1 mole triethanolamine; the subsequent reaction mixture being quaternised with dimethyl sulphate (final raw material is 85% active ingredients, the remaining 15% being IPA)
Hydrenol D is fully hardened C16-C18 fatty alcohol (100% active ingredients) ex Cognis
Silicone is a high molecular weight PDMS silicone oil (60%
silicone oil) emulsified with non-ionic ethoxylate surfactants as described in WO03022969.

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The stability of the formulations was assessed after storage at different temperatures. All viscosity measurements were taken on a Haake Viscometer measured at a shear rate of 106s-1.
Stability Results Example A (thickened with CP)

Initial lwk 2wk 3wk 4wk 6wk 8wk 10wk 12wk
37°C 140 170 136 - 80 49 35 33 56
41°C 140 173 141 - 67 36 47 176 gel
45°C 140 172 109 - 40 38 gel - -
50°C 140 152 42 - gel - - - -
Stability Results Example 1 (thickened with Polymer A)

Initial lwk 2wk 3wk 4wk 6wk 8wk lOwk 12wk
37°C 116 127 120 120 123 129 120 112 90
41°C 116 102 102 100 110 88 80 58 72
45 °C 116 120 115 110 92 59 65 gel -
50°C 116 - 145 110 107 gel - - -
Stability Results for Example B (thickened with CP) 15

Temperature Time t=0 (initial) 1 wk 2 wks 4 wks 8 wks 12 wks
5°C 165 — — - 102 98
20 °C 165 106 105 101 111 121
37 °C 165 120 122 130 50 85
41 °C 165 126 120 129 63 gel

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Stability Results for Example C (thickened with CP)

Temperature Time t=0 (initial) 1 wk 2 wks 4 wks 8 wks 12 wks
5°C 150 - 125 - - 126
20 °C 150 107 98 - 30 56
37 °C 150 158 - 105 34 30
41 °C 150 165 167 80 30 315
Stability Results for Example 2 (thickened with Polymer B)


Temperature Time t=0 (initial) 1 wk 2 wks 4 wks 8 wks 12 wks
5°C 95 - - - 82 128
20 °C 95 114 119 118 118 117
37 °C 95 121 120 108 94 83
41 °C 95 118 116 108 93 470
Stability Results for Example 3 (thickened with Polymer B)

Temperature Time t=0 (initial) 1 wk 2 wks 4 wks 8 wks 12 wks
5°C 101 - - - 116 122
20 °C 101 113 120 - 125 140
37 °C 101 105 101 105 125 104
41 °C 101 100 91 95 82 gel
Stability Results for Example 4 (thickened with Polymer C)

Temperature Time t=0 (initial) 1 wk 2 wks 4 wks 8 wks 12 wks
5°C 191 - - - 200 185
20 °C 191 185 186 188 200 210

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37 °C 191 210 205 190 172 145
41 °C 191 188 205 190 gel gel
Stability Results for Example 5 (thickened with Polymer C)

Temperature Time t=0 (initial) 1 wk 2 wks 4 wks 8 wks 12 wks
5°C 150 - — — 178 —
20 °C 150 220 218 150 207 195
37 °C 150 192' 190 188 142 129
41 °C 150 188 165 179 203 gel
Viscosity Stability Results for Example 6 (thickened with Polymer D)

Temperature Time t=0 (initial) 1 wk 4 wks 8 wks 10 wks 12 wks
5°C 125 166 160 180 174 174
20 °C 125 182 150 170 174 172
37 °C 125 208 160 174 165 140
40 °C 125 195 148 160 140 140
Stability Results for Example 7 (thickened with Polymer E)

Temperature Time t=0 (initial) 1 wk 2 wks 4 wks 8 wks 12 wks
5°C 136 137 130 144 ' 140 140
20 °C 136 149 128 130 120 120
37 °C 136 120 124 131 130 104
41 °C 136 . 123 127 138 90 105
Stability Results for Example 8 (thickened with Polymer E)

Temperature Time t=0 (initial) 1 wk 2 wks 4 wks 8 wks 12 wks
5°C 201 260 252 253 260 270
20 °C 201 228 227 235 250 255
37 °C 201 246 223 206 200 197

WO 2006/094580 PCT/EP2006/000773


41 °C 201 247 220 195 182 150
The formulations thickened with Control Polymer show signs of thinning between 4 to 8 weeks at 37°C and 45°C prior to gelling due to hydrolysis and this is believed to be due to the reasons described previously. There are also indications that the product viscosity falls even at more moderate ambient temperatures. As can be seen, all Examples thickened with polymers of the invention with higher hydrophobe levels do not suffer the viscosity drop at high temperature prior to the onset of gellation. Thus, the formulations of the invention exhibit stable viscosity properties up to the point where hydrolysis causes gellation.

WO 2006/094580

PCT/EP2006/000773


CLAIMS
1. An aqueous fabric softening composition comprising a cationic fabric softener and water-soluble polysaccharide polymers comprising hydrophobic groups selected from aryl, alkyl, alkenyl, aralkyl each having at least 14 carbon atoms and mixtures thereof, wherein the polymers comprise from 1 to 2.5% by weight of said hydrobic groups and have a molecular weight in the range from 100,000 to 700,000.
2. An aqueous fabric softening composition in which the water-soluble polysaccharide is derived from a cellulose ether.
3. An aqueous fabric softening composition as claimed in Claim
2 in which the cellulose ether is hydroxyethycellulose.

4. An aqueous fabric softening composition as claimed in any
preceding claim in which the hydrophobic groups comprise
hydrocarbon chains having from 16 to 24 carbon atoms.
5. An aqueous fabric softening composition as claimed in Claim 4 in which the hydrophobic groups comprise alkyl groups of 16 carbon atoms.
6. An aqueous fabric softening composition as claimed in any
preceding claim in which the hydrophobic group comprise from 1.2
to 2% by weight of the polymer.
7. An aqueous fabric softening composition as claimed in any
preceding claim in which the polymer has a molecular weight of
from 200,000 to 550,000 Da.

WO 2006/094580 PCT/EP2006/000773

8. An aqueous fabric softening composition as claimed in any preceding claim in which the polymer is present in an amount of from 0.008 to 1% by weight of the composition.
9. An aqueous fabric softening composition as claimed in Claim 8 in which the polymer is present in an amount of from 0.02 to 0.3% by weight of the composition.
10. An aqueous fabric softening composition as claimed in an preceding claim in which the fabric softening compound is a
quaternary ammonium compound.
11. An aqueous fabric softening composition as claimed Claim 10 in which the fabric softening compound comprises a quaternary ammonium compound with ester linkages.
12. An aqueous fabric softening composition as claimed in Claim 11 in which the fabric softening compound comprises a tallow based triethanolamine ammonium compound.

13. An aqueous fabric softening composition as claimed in any
preceding claim in which the fabric softening compound is
present in an amount of from 0.5 to 8% by weight of the
composition.

14. An aqueous fabric softening composition as claimed in any
preceding claim which additionally comprises a fatty alcohol or
fatty acid containing from 8 to 22 carbon atoms.


WO 2006/094580 PCT/EP2006/000773

15. An aqueous fabric softening composition as claimed in Claim 14 Which Comprises from 0.3 to 2% by Weight of a C16-C18 fatty alcohol.



Documents:

1326-MUMNP-2007-CLAIMS(22-6-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-CLAIMS(3-9-2007).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-CLAIMS(AMENDED)-(22-6-2009).pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-claims(granted)-(14-9-2009).pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-claims.doc

1326-mumnp-2007-claims.pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE 1(2-2-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE 23-6-2008.pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE(10-11-2008).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE(16-1-2008).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE(17-9-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE(2-2-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE(22-6-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE(8-2-2012).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE(IPO)-(16-9-2009).pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-correspondence-received.pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-description (complete).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-DESCRIPTION(COMPLETE)-(22-6-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-DESCRIPTION(COMPLETE)-(3-9-2007).pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-description(granted)-(14-9-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-FORM 1(22-6-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-FORM 1(3-9-2007).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-FORM 18(16-1-2008).pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-form 2(22-6-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-FORM 2(COMPLETE)-(3-9-2007).pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-form 2(granted)-(14-9-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-FORM 2(TITLE PAGE)-(3-9-2007).pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-form 2(title page)-(granted)-(14-9-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-FORM 2(TITLE PAGES)-(22-6-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-FORM 5(22-6-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-FORM 5(3-9-2007).pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-form-1.pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-form-2.doc

1326-mumnp-2007-form-2.pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-form-3.pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-form-5.pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-form-pct-isa-409.pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-form-pct-isa-416.pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-GENERAL POWER OF ATTORNEY(22-6-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-OTHER DOCUMENT(2-2-2009).pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-OTHER DOCUMENT(22-6-2009).pdf

1326-mumnp-2007-pct-search report.pdf

1326-MUMNP-2007-WO INTERNATIONAL PUBLICATION REPORT(3-9-2007).pdf


Patent Number 236007
Indian Patent Application Number 1326/MUMNP/2007
PG Journal Number 38/2009
Publication Date 18-Sep-2009
Grant Date 14-Sep-2009
Date of Filing 03-Sep-2007
Name of Patentee HINDUSTAN UNILEVER LIMITED
Applicant Address HINDUSTAN LEVER HOUSE, 165-166 BACKBAY RECLAMATION, MUMBAI
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 GRAINGER DAVID STEPHEN UNILEVER R&D PORT SUNLIGHT, QUARRY ROAD EAST, BEBINGTON, WIRRAL, MERSEYSIDE CH63 3JW
2 GRIFFITHS LLYR GLYNDWR UNILEVER R&D PORT SUNLIGHT, QUARRY ROAD EAST, BEBINGTON, WIRRAL, MERSEYSIDE CH63 3JW
3 HUBBARD JOHN FRANCIS UNILEVER R&D PORT SUNLIGHT, QUARRY ROAD EAST, BEBINGTON, WIRRAL, MERSEYSIDE CH63 3JW
4 KROON GIJSBERT BUITENDAMS 472, 3371 BW HARDINXVELD GIESSENDAM
PCT International Classification Number C11D3/00
PCT International Application Number PCT/EP2006/000773
PCT International Filing date 2006-01-25
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 0504535.6 2005-03-04 U.K.