Title of Invention  "APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR THE REDUCTION OF PRRIODIC NOISE IN A SIGMADELTA MODULATOR" 

Abstract  The present invention relates to an apparatus and a method for sigmadelta modulation with a reduced periodic noise (idle noise) in a sigmadelta modulator. The reduction is achieved by means of addition of two different Dither signals (217, 218) to the sigmadelta modulator. A first Dither signal (218) is constituted by a particular bit pattern of a certain period while a second Dither signal (217) is constituted by a pseudorandom signal of a certain other period. 
Full Text  TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to a method of sigmadelta modulation with reduced periodic noise. DESCRIPTION OF RELATED ART In most audio devices, for example, mobile telephones or CDplayers in which an analogue/digital or digital/analogue conversion is carried out, often a sigmadelta modulator is used in the analogue/digital or digital/analogue converter. A sigmadelta modulator according to prior art comprises a number of integrators, a number of amplifiers and a quantifier. These are arranged in a way characteristic to the sigmadelta modulator. The configuration of a sigma/delta modulator is described below. In a sigmadelta modulator there arises, when its input signal is low, constant, or changes slowly, a socalled periodic noise, or idle tones. Even if the periodic noise has a relatively low amplitude it is fully audible to the human ear. This noise must therefore be reduced to a nonaudible level. In EP 0 709 969 A2, a sigmadelta modulator reducing periodic noise by means of a Dither signal is disclosed. The Dither signal is a random signal, for example, a pseudonoise code (PNcode). This Dither signal may be added in one or more places in the sigmadelta modulator. Depending on where the addition of the Dither signal in the sigmadelta modulator is carried out, the signal is filtered by a particular filter before the addition. A preferred length of the PNcode is that the period of the PNcode is much longer than the period of the lowest frequency to be treated by the sigmadelta modulator. The PNcode should be at least 21 bits long. The rectified ACpower of the Dither signal is dependent on the order of the sigmadelta modulator. One disadvantage of this solution is that depending on where it is chosen to add the Dither signal, one or more filters will be needed. Another common solution for reducing the periodic noise in the sigmadelta modulator is adding the Dither signal in one of the integrators. The Dither signal is added without filtering. This solution also has the disadvantage that the performance of the sigmadelta modulator is deteriorated. A deterioration of the signal/noise ratio in the sigmadelta modulator implies that the complexity of the sigmadelta modulator must be increased. This means that a larger number of integrators must be used in the sigmadelta modulation to maintain the desired level of performance. If the sigmadelta modulator is comprised in a D/Aconverter, there is another solution to the deterioration of the signal/noise ratio. It is then possible to increase the oversampling rate in an interpolation filter in the D/Aconverter or increase the complexity of a lowpass filter arranged at the output of the signaldelta modulator. The three solutions mentioned above, however, lead to an increased power consumption and an increased complexity of the sigma/delta modulator, which is not desirable for radio communication devices, such as mobile telephones. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention attacks the problem of reducing periodic noise (idle tones) in a sigmadelta modulator. Another problem attacked by the present invention is to maintain, when reducing the periodic noise, the signal/noise ratio for output signals from the sigmadelta modulator without increasing the complexity of the sigmadelta modulator. Yet another problem attacked by the present invention is, when reducing the periodic noise when the inventive apparatus and the inventive method for sigmadelta modulation are comprised in a D/Aconverter, to maintain the signal/noise ratio for output signals from the D/Aconverter without increasing the complexity of the D/Aconverter. One object of the present invention is therefore to provide an apparatus and a method for sigmadelta modulation with reduced periodic noise in the modulated output signal. Another object is to obtain, when reducing the periodic noise, a good signal/noise ratio for the output signal of the sigmadelta modulator without increasing the complexity of the sigmadelta modulator performing the modulation procedure. The abovementioned problems are solved according the present invention by adding two different signals to the sigmadelta modulator. The first signal has a relatively short period. Said first signal is added to one of the most significant bits of the sigmadelta modulator. The second signal has, compared to said first signal, a long period. The second signal is added to the least significant bit of one of the integrators comprised in the sigmadelta modulator. One advantage of the inventive apparatus and the inventive method is that the reduction of periodic noise is carried out without causing a deterioration of the signal/noise ratio of the output signal from the sigmadelta modulator. Another advantage of the present invention is that, since the complexity can be kept down when reducing the periodic noise, a sigmadelta modulator consuming relatively little power is obtained. The invention will now be described in more detail by means of preferred embodiments and with reference to the appended drawings. Accordingly there is provided a method of sigmadelta modulation, said method being carried out with a reduction of periodic noise, comprising: d) performing at least a first integration (200) of a first signal (209) to obtain a first integrated signal (210), said first signal formed by multiplying an output signal (106) by a predetermined factor k and adding a modulator input signal (103); e) performing at least a second integration (201) of a second signal (211, 411) to obtain second integrated signal (212, 412), said second signal formed by adding said first integrated signal (210) to a first input signal (218, 417) from a first dither generator (216, 215); and f) quantifying (202) a third signal (214, 414) to obtain said output signal (106), said third signal formed by adding said second integrated signal (212, 412) to a second input signal (217, 418) from a second dither generator (215, 216) characterized in that said first input signal (218, 417) repeats itself in accordance with a first period, and said second input signal (217, 418) repeats itself in accordance with a second period, said first period being different than said second period. Accordingly there is also provided an apparatus for sigmadelta modulation, comprising: d) at least one first integrator (200) for integration of a first signal (209) to obtain a first integrated signal (210), said first signal being formed by multiplying an output signal (106) by a predetermined factor k and adding a modulator input signal (103); e) at least one second integrator (201) for integration of a second signal (211, 411) to obtain a second integrated signal (212, 412), said second signal formed by adding said first integrated signal to a first input signal (218, 417); and f) a quantifier (202) for quantifying a third signal (214, 414) to obtain said output signal, said third signal formed by adding said second integrated signal to a second input signal (217, 418), characterized in that a first Dither generator (216, 215) is arranged for generating said first input signal(218, 417) such that said first input signal repeats itself in accordance with a first period; and a second Dither generator (215, 216) is arranged for generating said second input signal (217, 418) such that said second input signal repeats itself in accordance with a second period, said first period being different than said second period. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1 is a block diagram of a D/Aconverter comprising a sigmadelta modulator. Figure 2 is a block diagram of a sigmadelta modulator representing one embodiment of an inventive apparatus and an inventive method. Figure 3 is a block diagram of a sigmadelta modulator representing another embodiment of the inventive apparatus and the inventive method. Figure 4 is a block diagram of a sigmadelta modulator representing yet another embodiment of the inventive apparatus and the inventive method. Figure 5 is a block diagram of a sigmadelta modulator representing yet another embodiment of the inventive apparatus and the inventive method. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Figure 1 is a block diagram of a D/Aconverter 100 according to prior art. The D/Aconverter 100 comprises a timediscrete interpolation filter 102 arranged to receive a timediscrete signal 101 comprising a number of N bits. If, for example, the D/Aconverter 100 is arranged in a GSMmobile telephone, the timediscrete signal 101 is a digital 13bit signal. The timediscrete interpolation filter 102 increases the sampling rate of the received timediscrete signal 101 so that a new timediscrete signal 103 having a higher sampling rate is obtained. This increase of the sampling rate is carried out to obtain a better signal/noise ratio in the analogue output signals 108 received from the D/Aconverter 100. The ratio between the higher sampling rate and the lower sampling rate is here called OverSampling Ratio (OSR). The new timediscrete signal 103 is fed to a sigmadelta modulator 104. The sigmadelta modulator 104, comprising a number of integrators and a quantifier, is arranged to generate an output signal 106. The output signal 106 can assume a previously determined number of amplitude levels. Said output signal 106 is often a 1bit signal with only two different levels. In such a case, a conversion has been carried out from a value represented by N bits to a number of samples that can assume two different amplitude values. The timediscrete signal 106 is fed to a lowpass filter 107, arranged to even out the timediscrete 1bit signal 106 between different amplitude values, in order to obtain the analogue signal 108 in this way. A/Dconverters function principally in the opposite way to that described above. One difference is that the D/Aconverter 100 is implemented mainly with digital hardware 105, whereas the A/Dconverter is implemented mainly with analogue components. Figure 2 is a block diagram of a sigmadelta modulator representing an embodiment of an inventive apparatus and an inventive method. The sigmadelta modulator 104 is arranged to receive the timediscrete signal 103 occurring at an input 206 of said sigmadelta modulator, and to generate the output signal 106 as an output 207 of the sigmadelta modulator. The output signal 106 is dependent on the timediscrete signal 103. The sigmadelta modulator 104 comprises two integrators 200,201, a quantifier 202, three adders 203, 204, 205, a first Dither generator 216 intended to generate a first Dither signal 218 and a second Dither generator 215 intended to generate a second Dither signal 217. In the first Dither generator 216, which may be, for example, a memory or a shift register, the first Dither signal 218 is stored. The first Dither signal 218 is a 1bit sequence of a previously defined amplitude and having a relatively short period. The relatively short period implies that the first Dither signal 218 does not comprise any frequency components in a frequency range intended for the D/Aconverter 100. In, for example, audio devices intended for the human ear, this frequency range corresponds to the frequencies that may be perceived by the human ear, i.e. in a frequency range substantially equal to 020 kHz. How to select the amplitude and the period of the second Dither signal will be explained below. From the second Dither generator 215, which may be, for example, a maximumlength shift register, the second Dither signal 217 is generated with a long period, a low amplitude and with statistic properties similar to those of white noise. How to select the length and the amplitude will be described below. The second Dither signal 217 is a 1bit sequence which, when generated with a maximum length shift register of the length 22 and a period longer than 4 seconds, obtains statistic properties similar to those of white noise. The period of 4 seconds should here be seen as a relatively long period. This Dither signal is primarily intended to avoid the sigmadelta modulator generating an output signal having tones in the frequency range intended for the sigmadelta modulator, depending on the first Dither signal 218. The adder 203 is arranged to add the timediscrete signal 103 to the output signal 106, which is fed back by means of a feedback connection 208 through a multiplier 219, whereby a first sum signal 209 is obtained. A multiplication factor k for the multiplier 219 is selected in a manner known in the art. If k is selected as k The output signal 106 is fed back through the three multipliers 219,220,221 with a respective multiplication factor k,l,m. The multiplication factors k,l,m may be determined in different ways. Generally, however, an analysis of transfer functions for the noise and the signal must be carried out. How to determine said multiplication coefficients is previously known by those skilled in the art. The first Dither signal 218 is a 1bit signal having a previously determined spectral property. The first Dither signal should not, for a predetermined sampling frequency fs of the received signal 101 and a determined OSR (OverSampling Ratio), comprise frequency components in a range fg intended for the D/Aconverter 100, which may be, for example, the base band range of a mobile telephone. The length of the first Dither signal 218, to fulfil the above, should preferably be shorter than the period of the highest frequency fBH of the frequency range intended for the D/Aconverter. This is achieved if the second Dither signal 217 is selected with a bit sequence shorter than (Equation Removed) x OSR bits. The human ear can perceive tones up to 20 kHz, which gives the highest frequency of D/A converters arranged, for example, in mobile telephones. Using, for example, the sampling rate fs=8000Hz and OSR=64, the requirement that the first Dither signal 218 comprise no frequency components within the frequency range audible to man is fulfilled if the first Dither signal is selected shorter than 26 bits. This is achieved by substituting the above mentioned values in the above mentioned equation: (Equation Removed bits. The amplitude of the first Dither signal is preferably selected as 432 times lower than the amplitude of the fed back output signal. The selection of the amplitude of the first Dither signal is dependent on the structure of the sigmadelta modulator and the bit to which the first Dither signal is added. The amplitude of the first Dither signal may be simulated after the structure of the sigmadelta modulator has been determined. The second Dither signal 217 is a bit sequence having statistic properties corresponding to those of white noise. This may be, for example a Pseudo Noise (PN) code generated by a maximumlength shift register. The period of this Dither signal should be long, preferably a few seconds. If, for example, a period of 4 seconds is desired when the sampling rate fs is equal to 8000 Hz and OSR is equal to 64, the bit sequence, the period, should be longer than 2048000 bits (4x8000x64=2048000). This sequence is obtained using a maximumlength shift register of the length 22, which gives a period of (2221) = 4194303. How to design a maximumlength shift register of a certain length is well known to the person skilled in the art. The amplitude of the first Dither signal is determined by connecting the Dither generator 216 with a controllable amplitude to an adder in the sigmadelta modulator. The amplitude is increased until no periodic noise is found in the output signal 108. This may be checked in several ways, for example by connecting a spectrum analyzer registering the frequency components of the signals, for registering the output signal 108. In this embodiment the first Dither signal 218 as well may be connected to the adder 205 and the second Dither signal 217 may be connected to the adders 203, 204. The same result as above will be obtained. Figure 3 is a block diagram of a sigmadelta modulator representing a second embodiment of the inventive apparatus and the inventive method. The difference between the embodiment described in connection with Figure 2 and the one shown in Figure 3 is that the embodiment shown in Figure 3 comprises an additional integrator 300, and is therefore referred to as a 3rd order sigmadelta modulator, an adder 302 and an amplifier 301. The input signal 103 is added to the output signal 106, amplified in the amplifier 301, in the adder 302, whereby a sum signal is obtained. This sum signal is integrated in the integrator 300 generating an integrated signal 303. Instead of the input signal 103 described in connection with Figure 2, the adder 203 thereby obtains the input signal 303. In all other respects the sigmadelta modulator functions as described above in connection with Figure 2. The Dither signal 217 and the Dither signal 218 used in the two embodiments described above, of course, are not exactly the same signal, but have been adjusted according to that described above. In this embodiment the first Dither signal 218 as well may be connected to one of the adders 203, 205 and the second Dither signal 217 may be connected to one of the adders 203, 204, 302. The same result as above will be obtained. Figure 4 is a block diagram of a sigmadelta modulator representing another embodiment of the inventive apparatus and the inventive method. The difference between this embodiment and the one described in connection with Figure 2 is that the Dither generators 216, 215 have changed places. A first Dither signal 417 generated by one of the Dither generators 215 is added to the first integrated signal 210 and the output signal 106 fed back through the amplifier 220, in the adder 204, in the same way as described in connection with Figure 2 for the Dither signal 217, whereby a second sum signal 411 is obtained. The sum signal 411 is integrated in the integrator 201, whereby a second integrated signal 412 is obtained. A second Dither signal 418 is added to the second integrated signal 412 and to the output signal 106, fed back through the amplifier 221, whereby a third sum signal 414 is obtained. Said addition is carried out in the same way as described in connection with Figure 2 for the Dither signal 218. The output signal 106 is obtained at the output 106 in the same way as described above, by quantification 202 of the third sum signal 414. Figure 5 is a block diagram of yet another embodiment of the inventive sigmadelta modulator. The difference between the one described in connection with Figure 3 is that the Dither generators 216, 215 have changed places. The first Dither signal 417 generated by the Dither generator 215 is added to the first integrated signal 210 and to the output signal 106 fed back through the amplifier 220, in the adder 204, in the same way as described in connection with Figure 3 for the Dither signal 217, whereby a second sum signal 511 is obtained. The sum signal 511 is integrated in the integrator 201, whereby a second integrated signal 512 is obtained. The second Dither signal 418 is added to the second integrated signal 512 and to the output signal 106, fed back through the amplifier 221, whereby a third sum signal 514 is obtained. Said addition is carried out in the same way as described in connection with Figure 3 for the Dither signal 218. The output signal 106 is obtained at the output 106 in the same way as described above, by quantification 202 of the third sum signal 414. The invention is of course not limited to the ones described above and shown in the drawings, but may be modified within the scope of the claims. We Claim: 1. A method of sigmadelta modulation, said method being carried out with a reduction of periodic noise, comprising: a) performing at least a first integration (200) of a first signal (209) to obtain a first integrated signal (210), said first signal formed by multiplying an output signal (106) by a predetermined factor k and adding a modulator input signal (103); b) performing at least a second integration (201) of a second signal (211, 411) to obtain second integrated signal (212, 412), said second signal formed by adding said first integrated signal (210) to a first input signal (218, 417) from a first dither generator (216, 215); and c) quantifying (202) a third signal (214, 414) to obtain said output signal (106), said third signal formed by adding said second integrated signal (212, 412) to a second input signal (217, 418) from a second dither generator (215, 216) characterized in that said first input signal (218, 417) repeats itself in accordance with a first period, and said second input signal (217, 418) repeats itself in accordance with a second period, said first period being different than said second period. 2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein said first input signal (218) is a particular bitmap of said first period, and said second input signal (217) is a pseudorandom signal of said second period. 3. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein said first input signal (417) is a pseudorandom signal of said first period, and said second input signal (418) is a particular bitmap of said second period. 4. The method as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein said first input signal (218) is a onebit time discrete sequence of said first period, which is short relative to said second period of said second input signal (217), and said second input signal (217) is a onebit time discrete sequence of said second period. 5. The method as claimed in claim 4, wherein said modulator input signal (103) and said first integrated signal (210) are Nbit time discrete signals and said output signal (106) is a onebit time discrete signal, and wherein the method has the steps of: adding said first input signal (218) to one of the most significant bit in said first integrated signal (210); and adding said second input signal (217) to a least significant bit in said second integrated signal (212). 6. The method as claimed in claim 4, wherein said first period of said first input signal (218) is such that its frequency components lie outside a frequency range of said sigmadelta modulator and said second period of said second input signal (217) is sufficiently long that the sequence repeats itself with a frequency not audible to man. 7. The method as claimed in claim 6, wherein the frequency range of said sigmadelta modulator is audible to man, and said first period of said first input signal (218) repeats itself with a frequency not audible to man. 8. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein said second signal (211, 411) is formed by the addition of a product of said output signal (106) multiplied by a predetermined factor 1, and said third signal (214, 414) is formed by the addition of the product of said output signal (106) multiplied by a predetermined factor m. 9. The method as claimed in claim 1 or 3, wherein said first input signal (417) is a onebit time discrete sequence of said first period; and wherein said second input signal (418) is a onebit time discrete sequence of said second period, which is short relative to said first period of said first input signal. 10. The method as claimed in claim 9, wherein said modulator input signal (103) and said first integrated signal (210) are Nbit time discrete signals and said output signal (106) is a onebit time discrete signal, and wherein the method has the steps of: adding said first input signal (417) to a least significant bit in said first integrated signal (210); and adding said second input signal (418) to one of the most significant bit in said second integrated signal (212). 11. The method as claimed in claim 9, wherein said first period of said first input signal (417) is sufficiently long that the sequence repeats itself with a frequency not audible to man, and said second period of said second input signal (418) is such that its frequency components lie outside a frequency range of said sigmadelta modulator. 12. The method as claimed in claim 11, wherein the frequency range of said sigmadelta modulator is audible to man, and said second period of said second input signal (417) repeats itself with a frequency not audible to man. 13. The method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein said second integration (201) is preceded by an addition of said output signal (106) multiplied by a predetermined factor 1 and that said quantification (202) is preceded by an addition of said output signal (106) multiplied by a predetermined factor m. 14. The method of sigmadelta modulation as claimed in claim 2 comprised in a method of digital/analogue conversion of an N bit time discrete signal (101) to an analogue signal (108) corresponding to said time discrete signal (101) and with a reduced periodic noise, comprising the steps of: interpolation filtering (102) of said N bit time discrete signal (101) with a particular sampling rate, whereby a time discrete signal (103) of a certain higher sampling rate is obtained; said sigmadelta modulation (104) of said timediscrete signal (103) with said higher sampling rate, whereby an output signal (106) having a certain number of amplitude levels is obtained; and lowpass filtering (107) of said output signal (106), whereby said analogue signal (108) corresponding to said Nbit time discrete signal (101) is obtained. 15. The method of sigmadelta modulation as claimed in claim 3 comprised in a method of digital/analogue conversion of an N bit time discrete signal (101) to an analogue signal (108) corresponding to said time discrete signal (101) and with a reduced periodic noise, comprising the steps of: interpolation filtering (102) of said N bit time discrete signal (101) with a particular sampling rate, whereby a time discrete signal (103) of a certain higher sampling rate is obtained; said sigmadelta modulation (104) of said timediscrete signal (103) with said higher sampling rate, whereby an output signal (106) having a certain number of amplitude levels is obtained; and lowpass filtering (107) of said output signal (106), whereby said analogue signal (108) corresponding to said Nbit time discrete signal (101) is obtained. 16. An apparatus for sigmadelta modulation, comprising: a) at least one first integrator (200) for integration of a first signal (209) to obtain a first integrated signal (210), said first signal being formed by multiplying an output signal (106) by a predetermined factor k and adding a modulator input signal (103); b) at least one second integrator (201) for integration of a second signal (211, 411) to obtain a second integrated signal (212, 412), said second signal formed by adding said first integrated signal to a first input signal (218, 417); and c) a quantifier (202) for quantifying a third signal (214, 414) to obtain said output signal, said third signal formed by adding said second integrated signal to a second input signal (217, 418), characterized in that a first Dither generator (216, 215) is arranged for generating said first input signal(218, 417) such that said first input signal repeats itself in accordance with a first period; and a second Dither generator (215, 216) is arranged for generating said second input signal (217, 418) such that said second input signal repeats itself in accordance with a second period, said first period being different than said second period. 17. The apparatus as claimed in claim 16, wherein said first Dither generator (216) comprises a particular bitmap of said first period, and wherein, said second Dither generator (215) comprises a pseudorandom signal of said second period. 18. The apparatus as claimed in claim 16, wherein said first Dither generator (215) comprises a pseudorandom signal of said first period, and wherein said second Dither generator (216) comprises a particular bitmap of said second period. 19. The apparatus as claimed in claim 16 or 17, wherein said first Dither generator (216) comprises a memory means and wherein said second Dither generator (215) is constituted by a maximum length shift register. 20. The apparatus as claimed in claim 16 or 17, wherein said first Dither generator (216) is constituted by a shift register; and said second Dither generator (215) is constituted by a maximum length shift register. 21. The apparatus as claimed in claim 19 or 20, comprising: a first adder (204) for adding said output signal (106) multiplied by a previously determined factor 1 to said first integrated signal (210); and a second adder (205) for adding said output signal (106) multiplied by a previously determined factor m in to said second integrated signal (212). 22. The apparatus as claimed in claim 16 or 18, wherein said first Dither generator (215) is constituted by a maximum length shift register; and said second Dither generator (216) comprises a memory means. 23. The apparatus as claimed in claim 16 or 18, wherein said first Dither generator (215) is constituted by a maximum length shift register; and that said second Dither generator (216) comprises a shift register. 24. The apparatus as claimed in claim 22 or 23, comprising: a first adder (204) for adding said output signal (106), multiplied by a previously determined factor 1, to said first integrated signal (210); and a second adder (205) for adding said output signal (106) multiplied by a previously determined factor m, to said second integrated signal (212). 25. The apparatus for sigmadelta modulation as claimed in claim 17, comprised in an apparatus for the digital/analogue conversion of an N bit time discrete signal (101) to an analogue signal (108) corresponding to said time discrete signal (101) with reduced periodic noise, wherein said apparatus for the digital/analogue conversion (100) comprising: an interpolation filter (102) for filtering said N bit time discrete signal (101) with a certain sampling rate, to obtain a time discrete signal (103) of a certain higher sampling rate; said apparatus for said sigmadelta modulation (104) for modulating said timediscrete signal (103) with said higher sampling rate, to obtain an output signal (106) having a certain number of amplitude levels; a lowpass filter (107) for filtering said output signal (106), to obtain said analogue signal (108) corresponding to said Nbit time discrete signal (101). 26. The apparatus for sigmadelta modulation as claimed in claim 18, comprised in an apparatus for the digital/analogue conversion of an Nbit time discrete signal (101) to an analogue signal (108) corresponding to said time discrete signal (101) with reduced periodic noise, wherein said apparatus for the digital/analogue conversion (100) comprising: an interpolation filter (102) for filtering said Nbit time discrete signal (101) with a certain sampling rate, to obtain a time discrete signal (103) of a certain higher sampling rate; said apparatus for said sigmadelta modulation (104) for modulating said time discrete signal (103) with said higher sampling rate, to obtain an output signal (106) having a certain number of amplitude levels; and a lowpass filter (107) for filtering said output signal (106), to obtain said analogue signal (108) corresponding to said Nbit time discrete signal (101). 27. A method of sigmadelta modulation substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawings. 28. An apparatus for sigmadelta modulation substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawings. 

1351del1998correspondenceothers.pdf
1351del1998correspondencepo.pdf
1351del1998description (complete).pdf
1351del1998petition137.pdf
1351del1998petition138.pdf
Patent Number  232396  

Indian Patent Application Number  1351/DEL/1998  
PG Journal Number  13/2009  
Publication Date  27Mar2009  
Grant Date  16Mar2009  
Date of Filing  21May1998  
Name of Patentee  TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ERICSSON  
Applicant Address  S126 25 STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN.  
Inventors:


PCT International Classification Number  H03M 3/00  
PCT International Application Number  N/A  
PCT International Filing date  
PCT Conventions:
