|Title of Invention||
WALL CONSTRUCTION USING HOLLOW GLASS BUILDING ELEMENTS
|Abstract||The construction unit to be used in erecting both flat and arched profiled walls consists of supporting elements being the horizontal and vertical fasteners /I and 21 in a form of joined blocks, which on their frontal sides are provided with longitudinal holes /7 and \2/ with mortises /10/, whereas on the lateral sides of the vertical fasteners 121 they are provided with transverse holes /13/ overlapping with the holes 111 of the horizontal fasteners /!_/; in these holes the threaded fasteners combining the entire construction are being mounted. The longitudinal holes /7 and 12/ with mortises /10/ of the fasteners may be given a form of the grooved recesses /7a and 12a/ with mortises /10a/. On both external sides, to the horizontal and vertical fasteners - profiled slats /3/ are being fixed, edges /16/ of which are somewhat advanced outside the lateral edges 717 and 18/ of these fasteners. The threaded fastener is composed of a stud-bolt /4/ and a longitudinal nut 151 cooperating with it. The horizontal fastener has a length /a/ preferably equal to the length /b/ of the glass hollow tile 161, whereas the transverse holes /I3/ of the vertical fastener are situated in relation to the frontal surfaces 1251, contacting each other after the assembly, at a distance /s/ equal to the sum of a half of height /h/ of the hollow tile and a half of thickness /d/ of the horizontal fastener. In order to construct arched profiled walls, the unit is provided with the distance pads /20/ in a form of tongues, mounted in front of the convex section, between the side surfaces /21/ of the vertical fastener and the frontal surfaces 1221 of the horizontal fastener.|
|Full Text||WALL CONSTRUCTION USING HOLLOW GLASS BUILDING ELEMENTS
The object-matter of the inversion is the construction unit to be used in eroding binding wails, being an element off the interior
decoration, with the application of ulass hollow with ..
1 he unit lor erecting, straight or arched wae application ol cubi'coidal glass profiles, mainly hollow tiles, is l.;iowm it consists, of a vertical and a horizontal ciieumferenfial slat, horizontal fasteners with a length equal to (he length of the wall as well as uf vertical fasteners with a length equal !o (he height of the hollow tiles 'T'nese fasteners have a lorrn ol bars or ladders constituting reinfoivemonl elements. In the case of erecting arched walls both circumferential slats and horizontal fasteners are adequately profiled lo match the wall contour. Reinforcing fasteners are placed in horizontal and vertical gaps between hollow tiles. Such reinforcing fasteners are being filled with' construction mortar starting- from the lower slat, on which the successive rows of hollow tiles are being put; it must be noted that ends of fasteners are introduced into profiled circumferential slats.
The unit for non-mortar erection of straight walls, being the element of the interior decoration of the erected building with the application of glass hollow tiles is also known. It embraces the supporting element made of timber. This unit consists of : the frame, horizontal slats with a length equal to the length of the wall and fixed to the frame with catches as well as vertical fasteners with a length equal
to the height of the hollow tile. The slats fill in horizontal joints between rows of hollow tiles, whereas the fasteners fill in vertical joints between individual hollow tiles situated in each row. Fasteners tightened between slats have their lateral side flat or convex, adjusted to the concave contour of lateral walls of the hollow file.
According to the invention, the construction unit for non-mortar erection of building walls was designed. This unit consists of supporting elements having a rectangular profile and embracing glass hollow tiles that constitute horizontal and vertical fasteners in a form of joining blocks. These fasteners on their frontal sides have longitudinal holes with mortises, which may be formed in a. shape of grooved recesses. In the lateral sides of vertical fasteners there are transverse holes overlapping with holes made in horizontal fasteners, in which threaded fasteners are being mounted. On both external sides, to the horizontal and vertical fasteners profiled slats are being fixed, edges of which are somewhat advanced outside the lateral edges of these fasteners. Profiled slats arc being fixed to horizontal and vertical fasteners by means of tongue-and-groove joints. The threaded fastener is composed of a stud-bolt and a longitudinal nut co-operating with it. The horizontal fastener has a length preferably equal to the length of the glass hollow tile, whereas transverse holes of the vertical fastener are situated in relation to the frontal surfaces, contacting each other after the assembly, at a distance equal to the sum of a half height of the hollow tile and a half thickness of the horizontal fastener. In order to construct arched profiled walls, the unit is provided with distance pads in a form of tongues, mounted in front of the convex
section between side surfaces of the vertical fastener and frontal surfaces of the horizontal fastener.
The construction unit according to the invention enables easy assembling of both straight and arched profiled walls of buildings or of their fragments with the application of various construction materials including timber, ensuring - on the one hand - (he appropriate stability and tightness of the whole construction, and - on the other hand -guaranteeing the high aesthetic qualities being associated with the possibility to functionally operate the light in the interior decoration by means of the adequate selection of glass hollow tiles.
The object-matter of the invention is presented in the example of making shown in the figures, where Fig.l. presents the construction unit within the fragment of the straight wall, constructed with the application of glass hollow tiles from a top perspective view, Fig.2 - the construction unit in the fragment of the wall from the Fig. 1 without glass hollow tiles from a top perspective view, Fig.3 - the construction unit in the fragment of the arched profiled wall, erected with the application of the glass-hollow tiles from a top perspective view, Fig.4 -the construction unit in the fragment of the wall from Fig.3 without the glass hollow tiles from a top perspective view, Fig. 5 - the horizontal fastener of the unit in a longitudinal section, Fig. 6 - the horizontal fastener from the Fig. 5 from a front side view, Fig.7 - the horizontal fastener from a side perspective view, Fig.8 —the vertical fastener of the unit in a longitudinal section, Fig. 9 - the vertical fastener in a longitudinal section along the A-A line according to the Fig.8, Fig. 10 -the basic vertical fastener from a side perspective view, Fig.l 1 - shorter vertical fastener from a top perspective view, Fig. 12 - disassembled
threaded fastener in a longitudinal section, Fig. 13 - the profiled slat from an inside view, Fig 14, the slat from Fig. 13 in a longitudinal section, Fig. 15 - joining of the horizontal fastener with the vertical fasteners in the fragment of a straight wall in a longitudinal section; Fig. 16 - joining of the vertical fastener with the horizontal fasteners in the fragment of a profiled arched wall from a top view, Fig.l 7 - another embodiment of the unit construction elements along with the glass hollow tile from a top perspective unit, Fig. 18 - the horizontal fastener of the unit shown in the Fig. 17 from a grooved
recesses side view, Fig. 19 - the horizontal fastener from the Fig. 18 in a W view from a front side, Fig. 20 - the vertical fastener of the unit shown in the Fig. 17. from a grooved recess side view, Fig. 21 - the vertical fastener shown in the Fig. 20 in a Wl view from a front side, and Fig. 22 - joining of the horizontal fastener with the vertical fasteners shown in the Fig. 17 in the fragment of a straight wall in a horizontal section.
The construction unit according to the invention is provided with the horizontal and vertical fasteners 1 and 2 in a form of joining blocks having a rectangular or near-rectangular shape and serving as the supporting elements, to which profiled sealing slats 3 are being fixed. The fasteners and slats compose together a rigid framing for all glass hollow tiles, which form the glazing of construction facilities. The fasteners 1 and 2 ,. preferably of the same thickness d, are joined together with the threaded fasteners consisting of stud-bolts 4 and longitudinal nuts 5 co-operating with them. These nuts are at the same time the joints used to fasten together stud-bolts. The stud-bolts directly fastening the vertical fasteners together have such length, that has been
adequately adjusted to the length of these fasteners. On the other hand,
stud-bolts fastening the horizontal fasteners together, separated by the
vertical fasteners, have a length adequately adjusted lo the length of the
horizontal fastener and to the thickness of the vertical fastener.
Glass hollow tiles of the luxfer type have external walls of a rectangular
shape. The upper, lower and side walls forming the circumference of
the hollow tile have concave surfaces in their central sections.
The horizontal fastener 1, having a length a preferably equal lo the
length b of the glass hollow tile and a width si'ghily lower than the
thickness of this tile, has at least one and has preferably made two
longitudinal holes 7 for stud-bolts 4. These holes are broadened at one
sictc and they form recesses 8 for thrust washers 9 and mortises _1_0 for
nuts 5_. In the external sides through their whole length recesses are
made, forming grooves 11 preferably of a trapezoidal shape.
The vertical fastener 2 has at least one longitudinal hole V2 made in it
for the stud-bolt 4, which is situated lenghtwisc the vertical axis of
symmetry and which is broadened at one side and forms recess 8 for a
thrust washer 9 and a mortise U) for a nut 5.. In the external sides on the
whole length recesses are made, forming grooves 1_L
Longer and, at the same time, basic vertical fasteners as shown in the
Fig. 8, have preferably a length being the sum of the hollow tile height
h_and of the horizontal fastener thickness d_; they have transverse holes
13 in their central section that overlap with the longitudinal holes of the
horizontal fastener during the assembly.
On the other hand - the remaining, shorter vertical fasteners, forming
the side framing of the first and the last layer of the hollow tiles creating
the wall, have a length preferably equal to the sum of a half height h of
the hollow tile and thickness d of the horizontal fastener. At the bottom af fasteners, as it is shown in the Fig. 11, two transverse holes 13 are made. Transverse holes of shorter and longer fasteners 2 are situated in relation to the frontal surfaces 25.,adhering to each other, at a distance s being equal to the sum of a half height h of the hollow tile and a half of thickness d of the horizontal fastener.
Profiled slats 3 , having a width being slightly greater than thickness of the fasteners 1 and 2 and a length adjusted adequately to the lengths of these fasteners, have on their inner side the tongues 14, shape of which is adjusted to a shape of the grooves 11. made in the fasteners^ with which they are fastened by means of the front tongue-and-groove joint 15.
The transverse section of the slats has a polygonal contour with stepped-shaped edges 16, advanced a little bit outside the side edges 11 and 18 of the fasteners and reaching above the outside edges 19 of the hollow tiles, what additionally stiffens and, at the same time, seals joints formed between the hollow tiles.
Construction units earmarked for erecting profiled walls with a shape approximate to arch with the application of hollow tiles are provided with horizontal fasteners, in which longitudinal passage holes 7 are increased in order -to adequately position stud-bolts 4 during the assembly. These units are additionally provided with distance pads 20 in a form of tongues with .a near-rectangular section, which - as it is shown in the Fig. 16 - during the assembly of the fastener are being placed in the front of convexly profiled section of the wall, between the side surfaces 2l_ of the vertical fastener and the frontal surfaces 22 of the horizontal fastener, as well as side walls of the glass hollow tile.
Preferably on their front sides, the horizontal fasteners have rectangular recesses 23, earmarked for mounting distance pads into them. Such a construction ensures adequate angular, positioning of the fasteners 1 and 2 one in relation'to another and errecting the intended profiles of walls, in principle without any strain of the threaded fasteners, what ensures the required stability of walls shape. Respectively to the thickness of pads 20, the proper profiles of walls with lower or greater convexity can be obtained. Such the construction solution eases the assembly and construction of various profiles without any necessity to form e.g. the horizontal fasteners in order to receive a suitable shape of their frontal sections.
When erecting free-standing walls inside the building, the external fasteners are being replaced or additionally reinforced with the frame, formed from the vertical and horizontal, uniform elements 24 having a shape of straps, fastened by means of usually known metal fasteners. Short bolts may be mounted on the frame, dimensions of which are adjusted to longitudinal nuts 5_, to which then stud-bolts 4 are being fastened. In the case of arched walls, a shape of the frame base is adjusted to a profile of the erected wall.
The horizontal and vertical fasteners can have, according to the recesses on their circumference, adequately profiled surfaces as it is marked by a broken line in the Fig. 6 and 9, what limits to the minimum the possibility to form gaps inside the walls structure. In the case of constructing window openings and, generally, in the case of erecting external walls, gaps occurring between hollow tiles and fasteners are being filled in with flexible sealing compounds.
The construction unit embracing the one glass hollow tile in principle consists of two horizontal fasteners (the upper and the lower one), four vertical fasteners (two on each side) and eight threaded fasteners, mounted in longitudinal holes 7 and 12.-The number of elements is being selected depending on the number of glass hollow tiles used for wall erection. The suitable location of transverse holes j_3 makes for this, that the vertical fasteners after assembly meet each other with their frontal surfaces 25 at the height complying, with the central section of the hollow tile, and these parts of the fasteners that are pulled outside their horizontal edges form the arms embracing the hollow tile situated within the adjacent layer of the wall up to its half dimension.
These sections of the fastener that are advanced upwards facilitate even .laying of hollow tjles and assembly of Ilie next layer. This ensures straight wal! construction and guarantees the- suitable stiffness and stability of the whole construction.
In the another embodiment of the construction unit, as it is presented in the Fig. 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 and 22, the longitudinal holes 7 along with mortises 10. of the horizontal fastener 1 have a form of the grooved recesses 7a with mortises 1O a, and the longitudinal hole 12 along with the mortise 10 of the vertical fastener 2_have a form of the grooved recess 12a with the mortise !_0ai moreover -- such recesses are made through the whole length of the fasteners. In front of the mortises 10a, earmarked for mounting nuts 5., there are recesses 8a for thrust washers 9. Recesses 7a and I2a of the horizontal and vertical fasteners are provided with a cubicoidal groove of a width slightly exceeding the diameter of the stud-bolt 4 of the threaded fastener, and they are terminated with the bottom 26 having the arched surface
adjusted to the oval shape of the above bolt. The recess bottom is made at such the depth, which enables longitudinal and centric positioning of the bolt, the axis of symmetry of which runs at. a depth approximately equal to a half of thickness of the fasteners 1 and 2.
From the technological point of view, irrespective of the length of both the horizontal and vertical fasteners, on the whole length we can reach a high precision in mapping the grooved recesses shape e.g. when using milling techniques, what - on the one hand guarantees even (straight) laying of the stable, wall, and -- on the other hand - facilitates assembly of the above wall due to the possibility of prior twisting of the threaded fasteners, and then - putting on them the block fasteners. In order to ensure the .appropriate stiffness of the wall, during the assembly of the above the vertical fasteners arc being reversed in relation to these fasteners that are laid below them by an angle of 1800. Thus, the side opening of the recess 12a of the vertical fastener is being situated alternately on the left and on the right side of posts constituting the supporting construction made of the fasteners. The horizontal and vertical fasteners, profiled slats and distance pads are made of timber, plastic and/or other construction materials with suitable resistance parameters. Adequately selected materials e.g. these made of timber, ensure at the same time high aesthetic qualities of the walls, creating the decorative element in building facilities.
The construction units.according to the invention make it. possible to erect, with the application of glass hollow tiles, partition walls, external walls as well as the other free-standing decorative screens of large sizes, enabling to functionally operate the light subject to the adequate selection of glass hollow tiles. The unit characterised in the
simple construction makes it possible to assemble the walls (both straight and arched profiled ones) by oneself.
1. The Construction unit to be used in erecting building walls with the application of glass hollow tiles, consisting of the supporting elements embracing hollow tiles of a rectangular contour, characterised in that the said supporting elements being the connected between each other horizontal and vertical fasteners(l and 2), which on their frontal sides are provided with the longitudinal holes(7 and 12) with the mortises(lO), vertical fasteners(2) are provided with the transverse holes (13) which are made through their side walls and overlap with the longitudinal holes(7) of the horizontal fasteners(l),wherein the threaded fasteners, which joint the whole construction are coming through these holes.
2. The unit as claimed in claim 1, wherein on both external sides, to the horizontal and vertical fasteners (1 and 2) the profiled slats (3) are being fixed , the edges(16) of which are somewhat advanced outside the lateral edges (17 and 18) of these fasteners.
3. The unit as claimed in claim 2 , wherein the profiled slats (3) are being fixed to the horizontal and vertical fasteners (1 and 2) by means of the tongue -and -groove joints(l 5).
4. The unit as claimed in claim 1, wherein the threaded fattener is composed of the stud bolt(4) and the longitudinal nut 5) co-operating with it.
5. The unit as claimed in claim 1, wherein the horizontal fastener (1) has a length(a) preferably equal to the length (b) of the glass hollow tile (6), and the transverse holes(16) in the vertical fastener (2) are removed from frontal surfaces(25), contacting between each other after assembly, at a distance (s) equal to the sum of a half height(h) of the hollow tile and a half of the thickness (d) of the horizontal fastener (1).
6. The unit as claimed in claim 1, wherein in order to construct arched profiled wall it has the distance pads (20) in a form of tongues, provided on the side of the convex section, between the side surfaces(21) of the vertical fastener (2) and the frontal surfaces (22) of the horizontal fastener(l).
7. The unit as claimed in claim 1, wherein the longitudinal holes (7 and 12) with the mortises (10) are made opened in a form of the grooved recesses(7a and 12a) with the mortises (10a), made through the whole length of the horizontal and vertical fasteners(l and 2).
8.The unit as claimed in claim7, wherein the grooved recesses (7a and 12a) of the horizontal horizontal and vertical fasteners (1 and 2) have the arch-shaped bottom (26), corresponding to the oval shape of the side surface of the stud bolt(4) of the threaded fastener, and made at the depth, which enables longitudinal and centric positioning of the said threaded fasteners.
|Indian Patent Application Number||2578/DELNP/2005|
|PG Journal Number||13/2009|
|Date of Filing||14-Jun-2005|
|Name of Patentee||MUSZYNSKI, ARKADISUZ|
|Applicant Address||UL. WARSZWSKA 72, PL-95-200 PABIANICE, POLAND|
|PCT International Classification Number||E04C 1/42|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/PL2003/0000141|
|PCT International Filing date||2003-12-12|