|Title of Invention||
"A BRAKING SYSTEM"
|Abstract||A conductor rotor presents a pair of electroconductive rings spaced apart to receive magnet carrying shoes with permanent magnets to induce eddy currents in the rings and thereby retard rotation of the conductor rotor. The shoes are moved in and out in a controlled manner to move between a retracted brake-off position and an extended brake-on position.|
This application is a continuation-in-part of my copending application Serial No. 08/546,066, filed October 20, 1995, which is a continuation of the application issued as Patent No. 5,477,094 issued December 19, 1995, which is a continuation-in-part of the application issued as Patent No. 5,477,093 issued December 19, 1995.
This invention relates to braking systems for braking one of the rotors in a permanent magnet drive system of the general type shown in my Patent No. 5,447,094.
Background of the Invention
In my Patent No. 5,473,209 there is disclosed a permanent magnet braking system for a shaft having a magnet rotor thereon which co-acts with one or two non-rotary electro-conductive members which can be adjusted in a direction axially of the shaft to vary the air gap between the magnet rotor and the electro-conductive member(s). When the air gap is narrowed a braking effect occurs.
A need has arisen for an alternative permanent magnet braking system which does not operate by varying the width of the air gap.
Summary of the Invention
The brake of the present invention operates in conjunction conductor rotor having a pair of electroconductive rings spaced apart axially of the rotor. The brake presents a pair of non-rotary magnet carrying shoes each extending laterally from a respective laterally movable beam which is parallel to the rotary axis of the conductor rotor. Outward movement of the beams from a retracted inactive
position places sets of permanent magnets on the shoes between a pair
of the electroconductive rings and spaced therefrom by air gaps. As a result the magnetic flux emanating from the magnets is intersected by the rotating electroconductive rings and eddy currents are created therein. Consequently the rotational speed of the conductor rotor is retarded. The amount of retardation can be varied by varying the amount of overlap of the magnets by the electroconductive rings, and namely by varying the outward extension of the magnet carrying shoes by the beams as by pneumatic cylinders.
Accordingly, there is provided a braking system comprising:
- a conductor rotor having a rotary axis and two axially spaced
a non-rotating braking shoe positioned diametrically opposite to one another
presenting permanent magnets
each with its poles facing in opposite axial directions; and
- means for selectively moving said shoe between a brake-off
position not between said rings and a brake-on position
between said rings for inducing eddy currents in the rings
when the conductor rotor is rotating.
Brief Description of the Accompanying Drawings
Fig. 1 is a longitudinal horizontal sectional view of a braking system embodying the invention and with the brake being shown in an "off position;
Fig.2 is a transverse sectional view taken as indicated by line 2-2 in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a sectional view corresponding to Fig. 1, but with the brake being shown in a fully "on" position; and
Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view taken as indicated by line 4-4 in Fig. 3 and with parts broken away.
Detailed Description of the Invention
Referring to the drawings, shafts 10-11 are connected by couplings 12-13 to a magnet rotor unit 14 and conductor rotor unit 15. The conductor rotor unit presents two axially spaced flat rings (continuous bands) 16-17 having good electroconductive characteristics such, for example, as copper or aluminum. These rings 16-17 have ferrous backing rings 18-19, preferably of mild steel. The ferrous backing 18-19 for the electroconductive rings 16-17, and the electroconductive rings 16-17, are mounted on a support ring 15a and a support plate 15b having a hub 15c receiving the coupling 13. Spacers in the form of sleeves 22 separate the members 15a-15b and they are held by bolts 23 passing through the sleeves and the members 15a-15b.
The support members 15a-15b are formed with like annular recesses of a thickness to receive respective of the backing rings 18-19 and electroconductive rings 16-17 in stacked relation. It is preferred to have the mouth of the recesses countersunk with a pattern of indentations matching lobes 24 provided on an expanded outer border portion of the electroconductive rings 16-17 which extends beyond the outer marginal edge of the backing 18-19. Mounting screws extend through holes 24a in the lobes 24 into the support members 15a-15b.
Acting in concert with the conductor rotor 15 is a pair of magnet shoes 40-40. The shoe 40 has, for example, three magnet sets 42 mounted in rectangular through openings 43 in the shoe. Each magnet set 42 has a pair of permanent magnets 42a, 42b arranged with their polarities reversed relative to one another.
The shoes 40-40' are mounted on beams 44-44' which are parallel to and diametrically opposite from the rotary axis of the shaft 11. The beams 44-44' are selectively moved toward and away from the rotary axis by operation of pneumatic cylinders 46-46' acting against respective cross-members 48-48' each of which interconnects a respective pair of guide rods 50-51 and 50'-51'. These guide rods extend through linear bearings 52 mounted together with the inner end of the cylinders 46-46' on a suitable rigid frame (not shown).
Referring to Fig. 4 it is seen that the magnet sets 42 in each shoe 40-40' are arranged in an arc which corresponds to the curvature of the electroconductive rings 16-17. When the shoes are extended to a fully "on" condition of the brake (Figs. 3-4), the longitudinal side faces of the magnets in each set 42 which face one another define a neutral plane 42' therebetween which extends radially from the rotary axis 54 of the shaft 11 for maximum performance of the magnets.
When the cylinder s46-46' are in a retracted condition the magnet carrying shoes 40-41' are retracted toward one another to an "off position where the magnet sets 42 are withdrawn from between the electroconductive rings 16-17 (Figs. 1-2). When the brake is to be applied the cylinders 46-46' are energized to extend the cylinder rods 46a-46a' and push the cross-members 48-48' outwardly. Control of the cylinders 46-46' can be performed by a control system coupled to a suitable
compressed air supply as well known in the pneumatic control art and as shown, for example, in Patent No. 5,473,209. When the cross-members 48-48' move outwardly the pairs of guide rods 50-51 and 50'-51' are pulled outwardly through the linear bearings 52, thereby moving the beams 44-44' and shoes 40-40' outwardly so that the sets of magnets 42 move between the rotating electroconductive rings 16-17. As this movement occurs, eddy currents are induced in the rings 16-17 by the magnetic fields of the magnets. As a consequence rotation of the conductor 15 is progressively retarded with outward advancement of the shoes 40-40' increasing exposure of the magnet sets 42 to the rings 16017.
It will be understood that the conductor rotor 16 may have an additional pair of electroconductive rings mounted on the outer side of the mounting ring 18 and an additional mounting ring spaced therefrom by additional spacers 22 and carried on longer tie bolts 23. When that is done additional magnet carrying shoes can be mounted on the beams 44-44' to interact with the additional pair of electroconductive rings.
The parts 15a, 22, 15b and 15c of the conductor rotor 15, and the shoes 40-40' and beams 44-44' are preferably made of a suitable aluminum alloy.
From the foregoing it will be appreciated that, although specific embodiments of the invention have been described herein for purposes of illustration, various modifications may be made without deviating from the spirit and scope of the invention. Accordingly, the invention is not limited except as by the appended claims.
1. A braking system comprising:
- a conductor rotor (15) having a rotary axis and two axially
spaced electroconductive rings (16, 17);
- a non-rotating braking shoe (40) presenting permanent magnets
(42a, 42b) each with its poles facing in opposite axial directions;
- means for selectively moving said shoe (40) between a brake-off
position not between said rings (16, 17) and a brake-on position
between said rings for inducing eddy currents in the rings (16,
17) when the conductor rotor (15) is rotating.
2. A braking system as claimed in claim 1 wherein there are a pair of
said shoes (40-40') positioned diametrically opposite one another
relative to said axis.
3. A braking system as claimed in claim 1 wherein said shoe (40) has
multiple magnets (42) occupying an arc corresponding generally to
the curvature of said rings (16, 17).
4. A braking system as claimed in claim 1 wherein said shoe (40) is
mounted on a member (44) which is parallel to said axis and is
spaced inwardly toward said axis from said rings (16, 17), said
means including a mechanism (46) for selectively moving said
member (44) outwardly toward said rings (16, 17) and inwardly
toward said axis.
5. A braking system as claimed in claim 1 wherein the movement of
said shoe (40) between brake-off and brake-on positions is along a
linear path perpendicular to said axis.
6. A braking system as claimed in claim 1 wherein said rings (16, 17)
are backed with mold steel bands (18, 19) and are mounted in
aluminum members (15).
7. A braking system as claimed in claim 4 wherein said member (44)
is rigidly mounted on a pair of guide rods (50-51) slideably
mounted in stationary bearings
8. A braking system substantially as herein described with reference
to and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
|Indian Patent Application Number||669/DEL/1997|
|PG Journal Number||37/2008|
|Date of Filing||17-Mar-1997|
|Name of Patentee||MAGNA FORCE, INCORPORATED|
|Applicant Address||2602 WEST 18th, PORT ANGELES, WASHINGTON 98363, U.S.A.|
|PCT International Classification Number||H02K 1/00|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|