|Title of Invention||
''APPARATUS FOR GUIDING BARS''
|Abstract||A turndown apparatus has first and second guide rollers arranged respectively along the inside and outside of a curved path along which bendable products such as bars, rods and the like move at high speeds. The guide rollers coact hi pairs to define gaps spaced along the curved path, and a mechanism is provided for symmetrically adjusting the gaps defined between the guide rollers in order to accommodate different product sizes.|
|Full Text||1. Field of the Invention
This invention relates to apparatus for guiding bars, rods and other like bendable elongated products moving longitudinally along a curved path (Pc) and generally to rolling mills producing hot rolled rods, bars and other like bendable elongated products, and is concerned in particular with an improved apparatus for guiding such products as they move longitudinally at high speeds along curved paths.
2. Description of the Prior Art
In a typical modern day rod mill, delivery speeds range from about 5 to 150 m/sec, with rod diameters ranging from about 5.0 to 22.4 mm. As the hot rolled product exits from the mill, it is directed longitudinally along a horizontal path leading through a succession of water boxes before being guided downwardly by a "turndown" apparatus into an inclined laying head. The laying head forms the rod into a succession of rings which are received in an overlapping offset pattern on a conveyor. While on the conveyor, the rings are subjected to various thermal treatments before finally being delivered to a reforming chamber hi which they are gathered into large coils.
Conventional turndowns typically employ pairs of guide rollers between which the product is guided along a downwardly curved path leading to the laying head. The spacing between the guide rollers is not adjustable to accommodate different product diameters. Thus, when the rolling schedule calls for a change hi product size, for example from 5 to 10 mm., the mill must be shut down so that the guide rollers of the turndown can be changed to a different diameter selected to accommodate the next product size. Alternatively, the turndown can be provided with
multiple pairs of different diameter guide rollers coaxially mounted on the same support shafts. In such cases, the entire turndown must be shifted hi the direction of the roller axes so as to align differently sized roller pah's with the guide path.
Considerable costs are involved hi maintaining the required inventory of different diameter guide rollers. Moreover, valuable production tune is lost when changing from one guide roller size to another hi order to accommodate different product sizes.
The objective of the present invention is to eliminate the above noted problems by providing an improved turndown apparatus which is capable of handling a wide range of product sizes with the same size guide rollers.
A companion objective of the present invention is the provision of a turndown apparatus which is readily adjustable to accommodate different product sizes, thereby minimizing lost production tune with a concomitant improvement in mill efficiency.
Accordingly, there is provided apparatus for guiding bars, rods and other like bendable elongated products moving longitudinally along a curved path (Pc), said apparatus comprising:
first and second guide rollers arranged respectively along the inside and outside of said curved path, said first and second guide rollers coacting in pairs to define gaps therebetween spaced along said path and drive means for rotatably driving said guide rollers; characterized by adjustment means for symmetrically shifting the guide rollers of each of said pairs in opposite directions with respect to said path to thereby vary the size of said gaps.
Summary of the Invention
In a preferred embodiment of the invention to be described hereinafter in greater detail, these and other objectives and advantages are achieved by arranging first and second guide rollers respectively along the inside and outside of the curved path along which the longitudinally moving product is to be directed. The first and second guide rollers are supported respectively on first and second frame members, and are arranged in pairs to define gaps therebetween spaced along the curved path. The frame members are adjustable symmetrically in opposite directions relative
to the curved path to vary the size of the gaps defined between the guide roller pairs, and the guide rollers are rotatably driven.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE ACCOMPANYING DRAWINGS
Figure 1 is a diagrammatic illustration depicting the location of a turndown apparatus hi accordance with the present invention at the delivery end of a rod mill;
Figure 2 is a front view of the turndown apparatus with portions of the pivotal housing cover broken away;
Figure 3 is a slightly enlarged end view of the turndown apparatus looking from left to right hi Figure 2, with portions of the pivotal housing cover and other components broken away;
Figure 3 A is a further enlarged sectional view of a portion of the adjustment mechanism diagrammatically encircled hi Figure 3;
Figure 4 is a top plan view of the turndown apparatus, again with portions of the pivotal housing cover broken away;
Figure 5 is a rear view of the turndown apparatus;
Figure 6 is a sectional view taken along line 6-6 of Figure 3;
Figure 7 is a sectional view of a clamp assembly taken along line 7-7 of Figure 5;
Figure 8 is a view taken along line 8-8 of Figure 7;
Figure 9 is a sectional view taken through a fixed guide assembly along line 9-9 of Figure 2; and
Figure 10 is a front view showing the guide assembly of Figure 9 open with the guide members removed therefrom.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENTS
With reference initially to Figure 1, the delivery end of a rod rolling mill is shown comprising a multi stand finishing block 10 from which hot rolled steel rod exits along a horizontal delivery path PH. The rod is typically directed through one or more water cooling boxes 12 to a turndown apparatus 16 in accordance with the present invention. The turndown apparatus directs the product downwardly along a curved path Pc through a pinch roll unit 14 into a laying head 18 which forms the rod into a series of rings 20. The rings are received in an overlapping offset pattern on a conveyor 22. While being transported on the conveyor, the rings are subjected to various thermal treatments, e.g. controlled cooling, and are then delivered to a reforming chamber 24 where they are gathered into coils.
Referring, additionally to Figures 2-5, the turndown apparatus 16 is mounted on a base structure 26 inclined at an angle of approximately 10 to 20° or more with respect to the horizontal delivery path PH. It will be understood that this angle of inclination may vary from one installation to the next, depending for example on the type, location and relative elevation of the downstream laying head 18, which is partially depicted in broken lines in Figure 2.
The turndown apparatus includes a base plate 28 with, as can best be seen in Figure 5, upstanding pedestals 30 at either end, and with clamp supporting posts 32 spaced at intervals
First and second frame members 34a, 34b are mounted for vertical movement in opposite directions with respect to the pedestals 30. With reference additionally to Figures 3A and 6, it will be seen that the frame members are provided respectively with vertical ribs 36a, 36b secured to the
back sides thereof by bolts 38. The ribs 36a, 36b have vertical through bores 37 containing opposite hand nuts 40a, 40b. Spindles 42 have opposite hand screw segments 44a, 44b threaded through the nuts 40a, 40b to establish a mechanical interconnection between the frame members 34a, 34b. The spindles 42 depend from right angle gear boxes 46 mounted at the upper ends of the pedestals 30. The gear boxes 46 are mechanically interconnected by a horizontal spindle 48 and are jointly driven by a handwheel 50. The ribs 36a, 36b have relatively narrow segments 36a', 36b' which protrude rearwardly into vertical recesses 52 in the pedestals 30.
First and second guide roller 54a, 54b are arranged respectively along the inside and outside of the curved guide path Pc, and are carried respectively on the first and second frame members 34a, 34b. The guide rollers are individually rotatably driven by motors 56 carried by the frame members 34a, 34b, and are arranged in pairs to define gaps 58 therebetween spaced along the curved guide path Pc.
With this arrangement, rotation of the handwheel 50 will act through the gear boxes 46 interconnected by the horizontal spindle 48 to simultaneously rotate the vertical spindles 42. This in turn will serve to simultaneously adjust the frame members 34a, 34b in opposite directions, with corresponding adjustments being made to the gaps 58 defined between the coacting pairs of guide rollers 54a, 54b. Depending on the direction of rotation of the handwheel 50, the gaps 58 will either be widened or narrowed to accommodate changes in the size of the product being rolled by the mill. This adjustment can be made quickly, and without having to change the individual guide rollers. The guide rollers are enclosed by a cover 59 which may be opened to the position shown by the broken lines at 59' in Figure 3.
During rolling, and between adjustments to the gaps 58, the frame members 34a, 34b are immobilized by releasable clamp assemblies 60 (see Figure 5) carried on the posts 32. With reference to Figures 7 and 8, a typical clamp assembly 60 comprises a U-shaped bracket 62 having its legs 62a fixed to the forked upper end of a respective support post 32 by bolts 64 extending through a bridging plate 66, and having its base 62b abutting one or both of the frame members 34a, 34b. Connecting bolts 68 extend horizontally through vertically elongated slots 70 in the frame members 34a, 34b, through holes 72 in the base 62b of bracket 62, and through holes 76 in the head of a T-shaped ram 78. Castle nuts 80 are threaded onto the ends of the bolts 68, and heavy duty spring washers 82 are captured on the bolts 68 between the base 62b of bracket 62 and the head of ram 78. A cylinder 84 with an extensible piston 85 is located between bridging plate 66 and the base of ram 78. In the clamped state, the piston 85 is retracted, allowing the spring washers 82 to expand, and pull the frame members 34a, 34b against the base 62b of the bracket 62, thereby frictionally immobilizing them from movement relative to the path Pc. Actuation of the cylinder 84 extends the piston 85, which acts through ram 78 to compress the spring washer 82, thereby freeing the frame members 43a, 43b for movement relative to the base 62b of the fixed bracket 62. The frame members may then be adjusted by rotation of the handwheel 50 as described previously. The range of possible adjustment is accommodated by the slots 70 in the frame members. Once the desired adjustment has been effected, the cylinder 84 is deactivated, allowing the spring washers 82 to expand to again clamp the frame members 43a, 34b against the base 62b of the fixed bracket 62. It will be apparent from Figure 5 that the clamp assemblies can either act on both frame members 34a, 34b, or on one or the other of the frame members.
With reference to Figures 2, 9 and 10, it will be seen that fixed guide assemblies 86 are located along the curved path Pc in order to guide the product from one roll gap 58 to the next. Each guide assembly includes a U-shaped bracket having vertically spaced flanges 88a, 88b joined by a base 88c, with the latter being fixed to a plate 88d secured to the upper frame member 34b. Guide segments 90a, 90b are captured between the flanges 88a, 88b, and are held in place by the foot 92 of a spindle 94 threaded through a pivotal latch 96 and manually operable by a handwheel 97.
As shown in Figure 10, when the spindle 94 is loosened, the latch 96 may be pivoted upwardly, thus clearing the way for a removal of one set of guide segments for exchange another set to accommodate changes hi product sizes. The guide assemblies 86 move with the upper frame member 34b, but this is of no import given the relatively small range of adjustments required, typically ± 0.5 mm.
In light of the foregoing, it will now be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the present invention represents a marked improvement over conventional rurndowns. The ability to rapidly adjust the gaps between guide rollers obviates any necessity for changing from size of guide rollers to another when changing product sizes. This translates into a significant reduction hi non productive down time. Additional savings are realized by not having to maintain an inventory of different sized guide rollers.
Various changes and modifications may be made to the embodiment herein disclosed without departing from the scope of the apended claims. By way of example only, and without limitation, other mechanisms including for example linear actuations, may be employed to symmetrically adjust the frame members. The adjustment mechanisms may be remotely operated by powered drives. The guide rollers on each frame member may be jointly rather than individually driven.
1. Apparatus for guiding bars, rods and other like bendable elongated
products moving longitudinally along a curved path (Pc), said
first and second guide rollers (54a, 54b) arranged respectively along the inside and outside of said curved path, said first and second guide rollers coacting in pairs to define gaps therebetween spaced along said path and drive means (56) for rotatably driving said guide rollers; characterized by adjustment means (40a, 44a, 44b, 42) for symmetrically shifting the guide rollers of each of said pairs in opposite directions with respect to said path to thereby vary the size of said gaps.
2. The apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said first and second
guide rollers are mounted respectively on first and second frame
members (34a, 34b), with said adjustment means acting on said
3. The apparatus as claimed in claim 2 wherein said adjustment
means comprises opposite hand nut members (40a, 40b) fixed with
respect to said frame members, said nut members coacting in
threaded engagement with opposite hand screw segments (44a,
44b) on spindle shafts (42) extending between said frame
4. The apparatus as claimed in claim 3 wherein said adjustment
means comprises means to simultaneously rotate the said spindle
5. The apparatus as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein said
drive means comprises a plurality of motors (56) carried on said
frame members, said drive motors each being coupled to a
respective one of said guide rollers.
6. An apparatus as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein said
frame members are mechanically interengaged with and movable
relative to the support structure.
7. An apparatus as claimed in claim 6, wherein said frame members
releasably fixed to said support structure by a clamp means (60).
8. An apparatus as claimed in any one of the preceding claims,
wherein there is provided a fixed guide means extending along said
path between said gaps.
9. A rod rolling mill wherein said turndown apparatus as claimed in
any one of the preceding claim is positioned downstream from a
finishing block (10) to direct rod exiting from the block along a
curved path (Pc) to a laying head.
10. Apparatus for guiding bars, rods and other like bendable elongated
products moving longitudinally along a curved path (Pc)
substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the
|Indian Patent Application Number||266/DEL/1999|
|PG Journal Number||12/2008|
|Date of Filing||18-Feb-1999|
|Name of Patentee||MORGAN CONSTRUCTION COMPANY,|
|Applicant Address||15 BELMONT STREET, WORCESETER, MASSACHUSETTS 01605, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,|
|PCT International Classification Number||B21C 47/14|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|