|Title of Invention||
|Abstract||The invention relates to the compound of the formula which is 2-( 3,5-bis-tritluoromethyl-phenyl)- N-methyl- N -( 6-morpholin-4-yl-4-o-tolyl- pyridin -3- yl)- isobutyramide. It has been found that this compound has a high affinity to the NK -1 receptor and it is therefore useful in the treatment of diseases, which relate to this receptor.|
|Full Text||• present invention relates to the compound of formula
and to pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts thereof.
The compound of formula I and its salts are characterized by valuable therapeutic properties. It has been found that the compound of the present invention is a highly selective antagonist of the Neurokinin 1 (NK-1, substance P) receptor. Substance P is a naturally occurring undecapeptide belonging to the tachykinin family of peptides, the latter being so-named because of their prompt contractile action on extra vascular smooth muscle tissue. The receptor for substance P is a member of the super family of G protein-coupled receptors.
The neuropeptide receptor for substance P (NK-1) is widely distributed throughout the mammalian nervous system (especially brain and spinal ganglia), the circulatory system and peripheral tissues (especially the duodenum and jejunum) and are involved in
y5 regulating a number of diverse biological processes.
The central and peripheral actions of the mammalian tachykinin substance P have been associated with numerous inflammatory conditions including migraine, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, and inflammatory bowel disease as well as mediation of the emetic reflex and the modulation of central nervous system (CNS) disorders such as Parkinson"s disease
(Neurosci. Res., 1996, 7, 187-214), anxiety (Can. J. Phys., 1997, 75, 612-621) and depression (Science, 1998,281,1640-1645).
Evidence for the usefulness of tachykinin receptor antagonists in pain, headache, especially migraine, Alzheimer"s disease, multiple sclerosis, attenuation of morphine withdrawal, cardiovascular changes, edema, such as oedema caused by thermal injury,
chronic inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, asthma/bronchial POP/28.08.2000
hyperreactivity and other respiratory diseases including allergic rhinitis, inflammatory diseases of the gut including ulcerative colitis and Crohn"s disease, ocular injury and ocular inflammatory diseases has been reviewed in "Tachykinin Receptor and Tachykinin Receptor Antagonists", J. Auton. Pharmacol, 13, 23-93, 1993.
Furthermore, Neurokinin 1 receptor antagonists are being developed for the
treatment of a number of physiological disorders associated with an excess or imbalance of tachykinin, in particular substance P. Examples of conditions in which substance P has been implicated include disorders of the central nervous system such as anxiety, depression and psychosis (WO 95/16679, WO 95/18124 and WO 95/23798).
The neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists are further useful for the treatment of motion
sickness and for treatment induced vomiting.
In addition, in The New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 340, No. 3, 190-195, 1999 has been described the reduction of capsulation-induced emesis by a selective neurokinin-1-receptor antagonist.
The usefulness of neurokinin 1 receptor antagonists for the treatment of certain
forms of urinary incontinence is further described in Neuropeptides, 32(1), 1-49, (1998) and Eur. J. Pharmacol., 383(3), 297-303, (1999).
Furthermore, US 5,972,938 describes a method for treating a psycho immunologic or a psychosomatic disorder by administration of a tachykinin receptor, such as NK-1 receptor antagonist.
Life Sci., (2000), 67(9), 985-1001 describes, that atrocities express functional receptors to numerous neurotransmitters including substance P, which is an important stimulus for reactive astrocytes in CNS development, infection and injury. In brain tumors malignant gill cells originating from astrocytes are triggered by tachykinins via NK-1 2^ receptors to release soluble mediators and to increase their proliferative rate. Therefore, selective NK-1 receptor antagonists may be useful as a therapeutic approach to treat malignant gnomes in the treatment of cancer.
In Nature (London) (2000), 405(6783), 180-183 is described that mice with a genetic disruption of NK-1 receptor show a loss of the rewarding properties of morphine. Consequently NK-1 receptor antagonists may be useful in the treatment of withdrawals symptoms of addictive drugs such as opiates and nicotine and reduction of their abuse/craving.
Objects of the present invention are the compound of formula I and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, the preparation of the above-mentioned compound, medicaments containing this compound and their manufacture as well as the use of the and disorders of the kind referred to earlier or in the manufacture of corresponding medicaments.
The most preferred indications in accordance with the present invention are those, which include disorders of the central nervous system, for example the treatment or NK-1 receptor antagonist. A major depressive episode has been defined as being a period of at least two weeks during which, for most of the day and nearly every day, there is either depressed mood or the loss of interest or pleasure in all, or nearly all activities.
As described therein, the term "pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts" embraces salts with inorganic and organic acids, such as hydrochloric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, citric acid, formic acid, fumaric acid, maleic acid, acetic acid, succinic acid, tartaric acid, methanesulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid and the like.
The present compound of formula I and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts can be prepared by methods known in the art, for example, by processes described below, which process comprises
a) reacting the compound of formula
with the compound of formula
to the compound of formula
if desired, converting the compound obtained into a pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salt.
In accordance with process variant a) DIPEA (N-ethyldiisopropyl-amine) is added to
a mixture of the compound of formula II and the compound of formula III in dichloromethane and the mixture is stirred at temperatures between 35-40°C. The desired compound of formula I is yielded after purification in good yields.
The salt formation is effected at room temperature in accordance with methods which are known per se and which are familiar to any person skilled in the art. Not only salts with inorganic acids, but also salts with organic acids are possible. Hydrochlorides, hydrobromides, sulphates, nitrates, citrates, acetates, maleates, succinates, methanesulphonates, p-toluenesulphonates and the like are examples of such salts.
The following schemes 1 and 2 and example 1 describe the processes for the preparation of the compound of formula I in more detail. The starting materials of
formulae III, IV and VII are known compounds or may be prepared according to methods known in the art.
In the schemes the following abbreviations have been used:
PivCl pivaloyl chloride
TMEDA N,N,N",N"-tetramethylethylene diamine
As mentioned earlier, the compound of formula I and its pharmaceutically usable addition salts possess valuable pharmacological properties. It has been found that the compound of the present invention is an antagonist of the Neurokinin 1 (NK-1, substance / P) receptor.
The compound of formula I was investigated in accordance with the tests given hereinafter.
The affinity of the compound of formula I for the NK1 receptor was evaluated at human NK1 receptors in CHO cells infected with the human NK1 receptor (using the Semliki virus expression system) and radiolabel led with [^H]substance P (finalconcentration 0.6 nM). Binding assays were performed in HEPES buffer (50 mM, pH 7.4) containing BSA (0.04 %), leupeptin (8 uikyujyhjgn
,g / ml), MnCl2 (3mM) and phosphoramidon (2 (iM). Binding assays consisted of 250 uikyujyhjgn
l of membrane suspension (1.25x10^ cells / assay tube), 0.125 μl of buffer of displacing agent and 125 μl of [^H]substance P. Displacement
curves were determined with at least seven concentrations of the compound. The assay tubes were incubated for 60 min at room temperature after which time the tube contents were rapidly filtered under vacuum through GF/C filters presoaked for 60 min with PEI (0.3%) with 2 X 2 ml washes of HEPES buffer (50 mM, pH 7.4). The radioactivity retained triplicate in at least 2 separate experiments.
The compound of formula I is a potent and selective antagonist at recombinant human neurokinini (NKi) receptors expressed in CHO cells. It has an affinity (pKi) of 9.0 for the human NKi1receptor over 2 orders of magnitude of selectivity for the NK1 receptor compared to NK2 and NK3 receptors and compared to over 50 other binding sites that have been evaluated.
The activity in vitro was examined by studying its effect on substance P induced Ca2nfluxes in CHO cells expressing the recombinant human NK1 receptor. In these cells, substance P causes a concentration dependent influx of Ca"2which can be measured using FLIPR technology. Increasing concentrations of 2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-N- methyl-N-(6-morpholin-4-yI-4-o-toIyl-pyridin-3-yI)-isobutyramide cause a rightward shift in the concentration effect curve of substance P. Expressing these data on a Schild plot allows the calculation of the antagonist affinity (pA2) for this compound of 8.9 (slope of the Schild regression = 1.1). These data indicate that 2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-N-methyl-N-(6-morphohn-4-yl-4-o-toIyl-pyridin-3-yl)-isobutyramide is a competitive antagonist at human recombinant NK1 receptors.
In vivo the compound of formula I antagonises foot-tapping behaviour induced in Gerbils with intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injections of an N1i receptor agonist. The dose for this compound calculated to inhibit 50 % of the foot-tapping behaviour following oral administration was 0.2 mg/kg. The plasma levels required to completely antagonise this behaviour have also been measured and it was found that a total plasma concentration of 10 ng/ml is required to completely block the foot-tapping behavoiur. This antagonism persisted for a number of hours and had a functional half life of 8 hours in this model.
2-(3,5-Bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-N-methyl-N-(6-morpholin-4-yl-4-o-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-isobutyramide was also tested as an antiemetic agent in Ferets. Emesis was induced in Ferets by various emetogens (apomorphine, morphine, ipecacuanha, cisplatin and CUSO4. Pretreatment with this compound (0.3 mg/kg, p.o.) 2 hours before the emetigen, completely blocked the emesis induced by all emetogens. A full dose-response curve was constructed against apomorphine-induced emesis and an ED50 dose of 0.1 mg/kg, p.o. was calculated.
In a model of motion sickness in the suncus murinus, the compound was found to
have an ED50 of 0.2 mg/kg, p.o.
Therefore, in conclusion, 2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-N-methyl-N-(6-morpholin-4-yl-4-o-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-isobutyramide is a potent antagonist of NK1 induced behaviors in Gerbil and blocks emesis in Ferets and suncus murinus with similar potency.
The pharmacokinetic parameters have been evaluated in both rats and dogs. In rats, the compound has a terminal half-life of 23 hours, a clearance of 4 ml/min/kg, a volume of distribution of 8 1/kg and an oral bioavailability of 50 %. In dogs the molecule had a half-life of 40 hours, a clearance of 16 ml/min/kg, a volume of distribution of 22 1/kg and an oral bioavailability of 30-40 %.
The compound of formula I as well as its pharmaceutically usable acid addition salts can be used as medicaments, e.g. in the form of pharmaceutical preparations. The pharma¬ceutical preparations can be administered orally, e.g. in the form of tablets, coated tablets, draggers, hard and soft gelatine capsules, solutions, emulsions or suspensions. The administration can, however, also be effected rectally, e.g. in the form of suppositories, or parent rally, e.g. in the form of injection solutions.
The compound of formula 1 and its pharmaceutically usable acid addition salts can be processed with pharmaceutically inert, inorganic or organic excipients for the production of tablets, coated tablets, dragees and hard gelatine capsules. Lactose, corn starch or derivatives thereof, talc, stearic acid or its salts etc can be used as such excipients e.g. for tablets, dragees and hard gelatine capsules.
Suitable excipients for soft gelatine capsules are e.g. vegetable oils, waxes, fats, semi¬solid and liquid polyols etc.
Suitable excipients for the manufacture of solutions and syrups are e.g. water, polyols, saccharine, invert sugar, glucose etc.
Suitable excipients for injection solutions are e.g. water, alcohols, polyols, glycerol, vegetable oils etc.
Suitable excipients for suppositories are e.g. natural or hardened oils, waxes, fats, semi-liquid or liquid polyols etc.
Moreover, the pharmaceutical preparations can contain preservatives, solubilizers,
stabilizers, wetting agents, emulsifiers, sweeteners, colorants, flavorings, salts for varying the osmotic pressure, buffers, masking agents or antioxidants. They can also contain still other therapeutically valuable substances.
The dosage can vary within wide limits and will, of course, be fitted to the individual requirements in each particular case. In general, in the case of oral administration a daily dosage of about 10 to 1000 mg per person of the compound of formula I should be appropriate, although the above upper limit can also be exceeded when necessary.
The following Example 1 illustrate the present invention without limiting it. All temperatures are given in degrees Celsius.
2-(3,5-Bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-N-methyl-N-(6-morpholin-4-yl-4-o-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-isobutyramide hydrochloride (1:1.45)
a) 4-(5-Nitro-2-pyridyl)-morphoIine (XII)
To a solution of 20 g (126 mmol) of 2-chloro-5-nitropyridine in 150 ml tetrahydrofuran were added drowse 27 ml (315 mmol) morph line within 10 min. The reaction mixture was refluxed for additional 2h. After cooling to room temperature, the solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue was re-dissolved in 200 ml ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with 200 ml 1 N sodium bicarbonate solution, dried (magnesium
sulfate) and evaporated to give 27.3 g (quantitative) of the title compound as a yellow solid. M.p. 142-143°C.
b) 2,2-Dimethyl-N-(6-morpholin-4-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide (V)
To a solution of 27.3 g (126 mmol) of 4-(5-nitro-2-pyridyl)-morphoIine in 600 ml methanol were added 2.5 g of 10 % of palladium on activated charcoal. The reaction mixture was hydrogenated (room temperature to ca. 45°C, 1 bar) until the theoretical
amount of hydrogen was taken up (about 3h). The catalyst was filtered off and was washed twice with 100 ml portions of methanol. The filtrate was evaporated in vacuo to give 22.6 g of a purple oil which consisted to ca. 95 % of the desired aniline derivative according to analysis by thin layer chromatography.
This crude product was dissolved in a mixture of 240 ml tetrahydrofuran and 60 ml diethyl ether. After cooling to 0°C, 26 ml (189 mmol) of triethylamine were added in one portion. Stirring was continued while 23 g (189 mmol) of pivaloyl chloride were added drop wise within a period of 10 min. The ice bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred for 1h at room temperature. Then, the solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue was
suspended in 200 ml 1 N sodium bicarbonate solution. The product was extracted three times with 200 ml portions of dichloromethane, dried (sodium sulfate) and evaporated. Recrystallization of the solid residue from ethyl acetate/hexane 1:8 gave 28.6 g (86%) of the title compound as white crystals.
MS m/e (%): 264 (M+H\ 100).
c) N-(4-Iodo-6-morpholin-4-yl-pvridin-3-yl)-2,2-dimethvl-propionamide (VI)
A solution of 28.4 g (108 mmol) 2,2-dimethyl-N-(6-morpholin-4-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-propionamide and 49 ml (324 mmol) N,N,N",N"-tetramethylethylenediamine under argon
in 600 ml tetrahydrofuran was cooled in a dry ice bath to -78°C. Within Ih, 202 ml (324 mmol) of a 1.6 N n-butyl lithium solution in hexane were added dropwise. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm up to -35°C overnight. After cooling again to -78°C, 37 g (146 mmol) iodine dissolved in 60 ml tetrahydrofuran were added dropwise during 15 min. The dry ice bath was replaced by an ice bath and a solution of 90 g (363 mmol) sodium thiosulfate pentahydrate in 250 ml water were added within 10 min when the temperature of the reaction mixture had reached 0°C. Then, 1000 ml diethyl ether were added and the organic layer was separated. The aqueous layer was extracted twice with 500 ml dichloromethane and the combined organic layers were dried (magnesium sulfate) and evaporated. Flash chromatography gave 15.6 g (37%) of the tide compound as a light brown oil which crystallized upon standing at room temperature.
MS m/e (%): 389 (M+71), 358 (25), 304 (43), 57 (100).
d) 2,2-Dimethyl-N-(6-morpholin-4-vl-4-o-tolyl-pvridin-3-yl)-propionamide (VIII)
A mixture of 3.50 g (9.0 mmol) N-(4-iodo-6-morphoIin-4-yl-pyridin-3-yl)-2,2-dimethyl- propionamide, 35 ml toluene, 18 ml 2 N sodium carbonate solution, 312 mg (0.27 mmol) tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) and 1.34 g (9.9 mmol) o-tolylboronic acid was heated under argon at 80°C for 12h. After cooling to room temperature, the aqueous phase was separated and washed twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed with 50 ml brine, dried (sodium sulfate) and evaporated. Purification by flash- chromatography gave 3.23 g (quantitative) of the title compound as a white foam.
MS m/e (%): 354 (M+H+, 100).
e) 6-Morpholin-4-vl-4-o-tolyl-pyridin-3-vlamine (IX)
A suspension of 2.93 g (8.28 mmol) 2,2-dimethyl-N-(6-morpholin-4-yl-4-o-tolyl-pyTidin-3-yl)-propionamide in 80 ml 3 N hydrochloric acid solution and 5 ml 1-propanol was
heated to 90-95°C overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, washed with three 20 ml portions diethyl ether and filtered over celite. The filtrate was diluted with 20 ml water and was adjusted to pH 7-8 by addition of 28 % sodium hydroxide solution under ice cooling. The product was extracted with four 100 ml portions of dichloromethane. The combined organic layers were washed with 50 ml brine, dried
(magnesium sulfate) and evaporated to give 2.31 g (quantitative) of the title compound as a white foam.
f) Methyl-(6-morpholin-4-vl-4-o-tom-pyridin-3-yl)-amine (II)
A solution of 2.24 g (8.3 mmol) 6-morpholin-4-yl-4-o-tolyl-pyTidin-3-ylamine in 17 ml trimethyl orthoformate and 3 drops trifluoroacetic acid was heated for 2h at 130°C. The reaction mixture was evaporated and dried in vacuo for 30 min. The residual oil was
dissolved in 5 ml tetrahydrofiiran and was added dropwise under ice cooling to 630 mg (16.6 mmol) lithium aluminum hydride in 20 ml tetrahydrofuran. The reaction mixture was stirred for Ih at room temperature, cooled to 0°C again and acidified (pH 1-2) by addition of 28 % hydrochloric acid solution. After stirring for 5 min, 28 % sodium hydroxide solution was added to reach pH 10. The solution was filtered over celite,
evaporated and purified by flash chromatography to give 1.56 g (66%) of the title compound as a white foam.
MS m/e (%): 283 (M+, 100).
g) 2-(3,5-Bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-N-methvl-N-(6-morpholin-4-yl-4-o-tolvl-pyridin-3-yl)-isobutyramide (11
A solution of 1.46 g (5.15 mmol) methyl-(6-morpholin-4-yl-4-o-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-amine and 1.32 ml (7.73 mmol) N-ethyldiisopropylamine in 15 ml dichloromethane was cooled in an ice bath and 1.8 g (5.67 mmol) 2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-2-methyl-propionyl chloride were added dropwise. The reaction mixture was warmed to 35-40°C for 3h, cooled to room temperature again and was stirred with 25 ml saturated sodium
bicarbonate solution. The organic layer was separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with dichloromethane. The combined organic layers were dried (magnesium sulfate) and evaporated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography to give 2.9 g (quantitative) of the title compound as white crystals. M.p. 131-132°C.
3-yl)-isobutvramide hydrochloride (1:1.45)
To a solution of 2.9 g (5.13 mmol) 2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-N-methyl-N-(6-morpholin-4-yl-4-o-tolyl-pyridin-3-yl)-isobutyramide in 50 ml diethyl ether were added under ice cooling 2.8 ml 3 N hydrochloric acid solution in diethyl ether. After stirring for 15 min at 0°C, the suspension was evaporated to dryness, re-suspended in 100 ml diethyl
ether, filtered and dried in vacuo to give 2.82 g (89%) of the title compound as white crystals.
MS m/e (%): 566 (M-i-H+, 100), 588 (M+Na+, 11).
The active substance, lactose and corn starch are firstly mixed in a mixer and then in a comminuting machine. The mixture is returned to the mixer, the talc is added thereto and mixed thoroughly. The mixture is filled by machine into hard gelatine capsules.
Suppositories of the following composition are manufactured:
Active substance 15
Suppository mass 1285
The suppository mass is melted in a glass or steel vessel, mixed thoroughly and cooled to 45°C. Thereupon, the finely powdered active substance is added thereto and suitable size, left to cool, the suppositories are then removed from the moulds and packed individually in wax paper or metal foil.
1.The compound of the formula ,
2. The compound as claimed in claim 1, which is 2-(3,5-bis-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)- N-
methyl-N- (6-morphoIin-4-yl-4-o-tolyl-pyridin-3 -yl) -isobutyramide.
3. A medicament containing the compound as claimed in claims 1 and 2 and pharmaceutically acceptable excipients.
4. A process for preparing the compound of formula I as claimed in claim 1, which process comprises
a) reacting a compound of formula
to a compound of formula
if desired, converting the compound obtained into a pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salt.
5. The compound as claimed in any one of claims 1 and 2, prepared by a process as claimed in claim 4.
|Indian Patent Application Number||1003/MAS/2000|
|PG Journal Number||13/2008|
|Date of Filing||24-Nov-2000|
|Name of Patentee||F HOFFMANN-LA ROCHE AG|
|Applicant Address||124 GRENZACHERSTRASSE, CH-4070 BASLE,|
|PCT International Classification Number||C07D 213/75|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|