|Title of Invention||
A METHOD FOR CUSTOMIZING A PREPAID SERVICE IN A TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM
|Abstract||A method for customizing a prepaid service in a telecommunications system, the method comprising the steps of maintaining subscriber information on at least one prepaid subscriber, characterized by defining at least two different prepaid profiles, each prepaid profile defining at least one attribute for the prepaid service; associating the subscriber's subscriber information with one prepaid profile so that the subscriber information indicates to the telecommunications system the prepaid profile which to use with this subscriber, provi-ding, by the telecommunications system, the prepaid service tt? the subscriber as indicated by the attribute defined in the prepaid profile associated with the subscriber's information.|
|Full Text||Background of the invention
The present invention relates to a method and equipment for cus¬tomizing prepaid sen/ice.
In telecommunications systems, such as the pan-European digital mobile communications system GSM (Global System for Mobile Communica¬tions), the use of prepaid SIM (Subscriber Identity Module) cards is increasing. Prepaid SIM cards relieve the network service providers of credit losses. They enable parents to set an upper limit for the telephone bill beforehand. As a third benefit, they enable roaming subscribers to pay their local calls with local tariffs, whereas the use of a SIM card of their home service provider results in paying international tariffs to their home network and back.
Usually service providers allow the subscribers to call an Interactive Voice Response (IVR) service through which the service subscribers can check their account balance and add more money to their accounts. This money adding is called recharge. Instead of calling the IVR it is possible to also call to the operator"s service number. It is also possible to check the ac¬count balance and recharge via the SMAP, which is an Internet-based user interface. Recharge is carried out by means of vouchers. Some service pro¬viders sell different types of vouchers, which differ from each other e.g. in the number of call units and expiry time.
One problem with the current prepaid solution is that the attributes of the prepaid service are the same to all subscribers - or at least to all sub¬scribers using the same kinds of vouchers since the attributes are connected with the voucher. So the operators are not able to offer a customized prepaid service. One example of a prepaid service attribute is how the prepaid sub¬scription data is updated during recharge.
Disclosure of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the above problem. The object of the invention is achieved with a method, a system and a network element which are characterized in that what disclosed in the independent claims. The preferred embodiments of the invention are set forth in the de¬pendent claims.
The invention is based on defining different subscriber profiles having different attributes and associating subscriber information with an indi¬cation of which profile to use with this subscriber.
The advantages of the invention are that the service providers can customize their prepaid service without changing the basic service structure by giving different profiles to the subscribers. Thus customizing and changing customized services are very easy.
In one embodiment of the invention the attribute is a deposit func¬tion. A further advantage of this embodiment is that other features than the voucher value may also be taken into account when calculating a new credit.
In still another embodiment of the invention the attribute is an ex¬piry function. The further advantage of this embodiment is that other features than the voucher validity time may also be taken into account when calculating new expiry dates.
Accordingly, the present invention provides a method for customizing a prepaid service in a telecommunications system, the method comprising the steps of maintaining subscriber information on at least one prepaid subscriber, characterized by defining at least two different prepaid profiles, each prepaid profile defining at least one attribute for the prepaid service; associating the subscriber"s subscriber information with one prepaid profile so that the subscriber information indicates to the telecommunications system the prepaid profile which to use with this subscriber, providing, by the telecommunications system, the prepaid service to the subscriber as indicated by the attribute defined in the prepaid profile associated with the subscriber"s information.
Brief description of the figures
The invention will be described in further detail in the following by means of preferred embodiments with reference to the accompanying draw¬ings, in which
Figure 1 is a block diagram showing some relevant network ele¬ments;
Figure 2 is a block diagram illustrating different profiles according to a first preferred embodiment;
Figure 3 is a flow chart illustrating subscriber provisioning; and
Figure 4 is a flow chart illustrating the functionality of the invention during recharge.
Detailed description of the invention
Figure 1 is a block diagram of a telecommunications system S equipped with an arrangement according to a preferred embodiment of the in¬vention. The telecommunications network is assumed to be a public land mo¬bile network PLMN yet without limiting the invention to that kind of particular network. The invention can be used in any telecommunications systems, where prepaid subscribers have subscription information stored in the system. A prepaid subscriber refers here to a subscriber using prepaid subscription, i.e. a subscriber who has paid in advance. The embodiment illustrated in Fig¬ure 1 makes use of Intelligent Network technology. An intelligent network IN is
able to provide a subscriber of a telecommunications network, such as a wired network or a mobile telephone network, with a plurality of services. An exam¬ple of such an intelligent network is described in recommendations of the ITU-T Q-1200 series, of which Q-1210 to Q-1219 define a set of features known as CS-1 (Capability Set 1), and correspondingly, Q-1220 to Q-1229 define a set of features CS-2. The invention and its background will be described by the terminology of recommendation ETS 300 374-1 CorelNAP, but the invention can also be employed in intelligent networks implemented according to other intelligent network standards.
Figure 1 shows some elements of an intelligent network which are relevant to the understanding of the invention, such as what are known as in¬telligent peripherals IP. Usually an IP is associated with a specialized resource function which is an interface for network mechanisms associated with interac¬tion with a subscriber. Therefore an IP comprises usually e.g. more advanced speech handling functions than do exchanges in general. The IVR application is usually located in the IP. The IVR application, also called the PrePaid serv¬ice IVR application, is an interactive voice response application that allows the subscriber to add money to (deposit, recharge) his PrePaid SIM account by entering the number of a prepaid voucher. The IP is connected to an SSP us¬ing for example ISUP (ISDN User Part) signalling and one or more voice transports.
The SSP (Service Switching Point) is a network element performing a sen/ice switching function (SSF). The SSP may be a mobile service switch¬ing centre MSC, which includes the SSF. The SSF is an interface between a conventional call control function CCF and the service control function SCF of an intelligent network. The network element performing the SCF is called a sen/ice control point SCP. An intelligent network sen/ice is produced by the service switching point SSP inquiring instructions from the service control point SCP by means of messages to be transmitted across the SSP/SCP interface upon the encounter of detection points associated with the service. In associa¬tion with an intelligent network service, a service program is started at the service control point SCP, the operation of the program determining the mes¬sages transmitted by the SCP to the SSP at each stage of a call. However, usually the SCP is not used in the service logic of the Prepaid SIM IVR re¬charge application, i.e. calls to the IVR are routed by the CCF directly to the
IVR on the basis of the service number which the subscriber has dialled in or¬der to recharge.
In the example illustrated in Figure 1, the prepaid subscriber infor¬mation and information about vouchers are in a database located in a sen/ice , management point SMP. Alternatively the infomation may be located in differ¬ent databases and/or in some other netv\/ork element, like a home location register HLR. The IVR interfaces the SMP database through a service man¬agement interface SMI. The SMP and the IP may be connected e.g. through a local area network (LAN) using the TCP/IP (Transmission Control Proto¬col/Internet Protocol). The connection between the IP and the SMP, illustrated by a dashed, represents only„managemerit connection without any signal¬ling connection, e.g. functions used to calculate the expiry time or times during recharge.
In"l frst preferred embodiment of the invention, predefined profiles
are located also in the SMP and each subscriber"s subscriber information comprises a profile identifier indicating which profile to use. Thus many sub¬scribers can have the same profile but each subscriber has only one profile in the first preferred embodiment. A prepaid profile is a profile defining at least one of the following attributes: deposit function, expiry function, account maximum, maximum validity period and expiry state handling function. The deposit function defines how the new prepaid credit is calculated. The expiry function defines how the validity of the prepaid credit is calculated based e.g. on current validity, recharge amount, voucher used for recharge, etc. In those embodiments where the prepaid expiry handler has different states for pro¬gressively limiting the possibilities of the subscriber over time when no re¬charge is perfomied, the expiry state handling function may define for each state when the subscriber is in that state. The expiry state handling function may also define how and where to route calls in different situations, e.g. in different states. The expiry handling function or parts of it may also be in¬cluded in the expiry function.
The expiry handling function may also be included in the expiry function.
The sen/ice management access point SMAP provides some se¬lected users, such as service providers and network operators, with access to the service data of the service management point SMP through a public tele¬phone network, such as the PSTN or the ISDN, a cellular radio network (such
as the GSM) or a public data network (X.25, the Internet) and an open inter¬face. The SMAP interacts directly with the SMP. Furthermore, the SMAP can provide access to a network element of another telecommunications network, such as the home location register HLR comprising data related to subscriber information and telecommunications services. Functionally, the SMAP com¬prises a service management access function. The profiles can be defined and definitions changed via the SMAP. The SMAP is described in greater detail in PCT patent application WO98/41038 which is incorporated herein by refer¬ence.
Network operators and service providers are nowadays separated. A service provider buys the necessary bearer services from a network opera¬tor, A network operator may also be a service provider. An operator may also have multiple service providers.
Figure 2 shows an example of different profiles according to the first preferred embodiment of the invention. In the first preferred embodiment of the invention, prepaid services are built with prepaid expiry having different kinds of time limits. In the first preferred embodiment, the prepaid subscriber who has activated his subscription is in one of the five different subscription states, the states being active, near the credit expiry, credit expired, near subscription expiry and subscription expired. The state depends on how long has passed since the subscriber last time recharged. When the credit expires, the credit of a prepaid account is no longer valid. When the subscription expires, the sub¬scription is no longer valid and the subscription is deactivated. The "near states" are states during which an announcement is given indicating what is going to happen soon if the account is not recharged. The prepaid expiry is described in greater detail in Finnish patent application FI990937 which is in¬corporated herein by reference.
Referring to Figure 2, a service provider has defined three different profiles: a Gold Profile in which the credit never expires and at each recharge a bonus is given; a Silver profile with a long credit validity and an Economy profile where the prepaid credit must be recharged frequently in order not to lose existing credit.
• In the first preferred embodiment of the invention, the service attrib¬utes to be defined are a deposit function DF and an expiry function EF. In the first embodiment of the invention, it is assumed for the sake of clarity that the same basic function is used in every profile. However, it ispossible to define
different functions for different profiles. In the first preferred embodiment of the invention, the deposit function is:
new credit = Xn*old credit + (1+bonus)*voucher value where Xn relates to what state the subscriber is in, e.g. X1 is used " when the subscriber is in the active state, X2 when the state is "near credit ex¬piry", X3 in state "credit expired" , X4 "near subscription expiry" and X5 in state "Subscription expired".
In the first preferred embodiment a max acc, i.e. maximum account credit, is also used. Thus, if a recharge results in a credit greater than the maximum account credit, the recharge is not accepted and the voucher re¬mains unused. In some other embodiments of the invention when the new credit exceeds the max acc, the new credit may also be set for example to the maximum value.
In the first preferred embodiment of the invention, the expiry func¬tion calculates the dates as follows:
credit expiry date = A + credit period of a voucher + T3 where A defines whether to use the current date or the old credit expiry date, T3 allows adjusting length period before the credit expires. For example in the gold profile illustrated in Figure 2, the credit will expire when the subscription expires.
The other dates are calculated on the basis of credit expiry date in the first preferred embodiment by fonnula: date = credit expiry date + DTn
where DTn relates to time differences between credit expiry date and other dates. DT2 is used to calculate the date when the state "near credit expiry" is entered, DT4 relates to the state "near subscription expiry" and DT5 "subscription expiry".
In the first preferred embodiment of the invention, a max time, i.e. a maximum validity period, is also used. If a recharge results in the number of days between recharge day and the credit expiry date exceeding the maxi¬mum validity period, then the new credit expiry date will be set to the current date plus the maximum validity period.
The maximum account credit and the maximum validity period val¬ues may be set into the profile definitions as in Figure 2 or the profile defini¬tions may indicate that such attributes are used and the actual values are in the subscriber specific information.
The functions described above in Figure 2 are only examples and meant to illustrate the invention. The service provider may compose different kinds of functions using different kinds of variables, constants, voucher prop¬erties, etc.
Figure 3 is a flow chart illustrating subscriber provisioning in the first preferred embodiment of the invention. In step 301 a subscriber number MSISDN is given to a subscriber, and in step 302 a profile is associated with the MSISDN in the subscriber information. The profile is identified with an identifier which can for example be a name like Gold, Silver and Economy in the example illustrated in Figure 2 . After that, in the first preferred embodi¬ment of the invention, a subscription expiry date is calculated in step 303 using the value of DT5 of Figure 2 defined in the profile. Then the subscriber infor¬mation (including the MSISDN, the profile identifier and the subscription expiry date) is stored in step 304 in the SMP and the subscriber can activate his sub¬scription by a recharge.
Figure 4 is a flow chart illustrating a recharge in the first preferred embodiment of the invention. It is assumed, for the sake of clarity, that the new voucher is valid, all necessary information will be obtained and the calling sub¬scriber is a prepaid subscriber, otherwise he cannot recharge. Another as¬sumption, made here, is that the subscriber recharges via the IVR yet without limiting the invention to that particular way to recharge. The invention may be used with other recharge media as well.
Referring to Figure 4, a subscriber has bought a voucher from a shop, called the IVR and selected to deposit the voucher. It is assumed that the IVR checks at the beginning of the call, if the caller is a prepaid subscriber, and if not, then the call is disconnected or connected to customer service. Figure 4 begins in step 401, where the IVR is prompting the subscriber for a voucher identification ID. The voucher identification number ID is received in step 402. The validity of the voucher is checked (not shown in Figure 4) and after that, in step 403, the IVR obtains the values of the voucher, e.g. the value to deposit and the credit period used by the deposit function DF and the expiry function EF described in greater detail in Figure 2. The IVR then obtains the subscriber"s current credit and profile in step 404. Then the IVR analyzes the profile in step 405 in order to find out what information it needs to update subscriber information. In the first preferred information the necessary infor¬mation is the current state so that the right value for Xn can be selected. In
step 406 the IVR obtains the necessary information and then the new credit is calculated in step 407 with the deposit function values indicated in the profile. After that the expiry dates are calculated in step 408 with expiry function val¬ues indicated in the profile. The updating is then ready and the subscriber is
" given, in step 409, an audio message telling the new credit and the credit ex¬piry date.
The steps have not been set out in an absolute time sequence in Figures 3 and 4. Some of the above steps may take place simultaneously or in a different order, for example. Some steps may also be skipped, like steps 303
" and 408 in embodiments where the expiry is not used. Other steps not shown in figures 3 and 4 may also take place between the steps stated above.
In some other embodiments a default profile may be used. It is automatically associated during provisioning with the subscriber information if no other profile is indicated, or the attributes of the default profile are used during recharge in cases when the subscriber has no profile associated di¬rectly with the subscriber information.
It is also possible to add the values of attributes, i.e. profile defini¬tions, to the subscriber information during subscriber provisioning and this way associate the subscriber information with a profile. In these embodiments the subscriber information does not comprise a profile identifier but a whole profile definitions with values for attributes. However, separate profile definitions are more preferable, since they a less laborious and less susceptible to errors. A further advantage of using separate profile definitions instead of adding profile definitions to each subscriber"s subscriber information is that a lot less memory is needed and changing profile definitions is much easier.
The present invention can be implemented in the existing network elements. They all have processors and a memory with which the inventive functionality described above may be implemented. The functions described above may be located in one network element or some of them may be in one " element and the others in other elements regardless of how they are located in the examples used to illustrate the Invention
The accompanying drawings and the description pertaining to them are only intended to illustrate the present invention. Different variations and modifications to the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art, with-" out departing from the scope and spirit of the invention defined in the ap¬pended claims.
The method as claimed in claim 1, 2 or 3, wherein the attribute being an expiry state handling function defining how the possibilities of a subscriber are limited over time when no recharge is carried out.
7. A method for customizing a prepaid service in a telecommunications system substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
|Indian Patent Application Number||IN/PCT/2002/260/CHE|
|PG Journal Number||13/2008|
|Date of Filing||19-Feb-2002|
|Name of Patentee||NOKIA CORPORATION|
|Applicant Address||KEILALAHDENTIE 4, FIN - 02150 ESPOO,|
|PCT International Classification Number||H04M 17/00|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/FI00/00741|
|PCT International Filing date||2000-09-01|