|Title of Invention||
SKIN LIGHTENING AGENTS COMPRISING COURMARIN DERIVED FROM RESORCINOL DERIVATIVES
|Abstract||A cosmetic method of skin lightening comprising applying to the skin a composition comprising: a. about 0.000001 % to about 50 % of a compound of genera formula I: wherein each or both R1 and/or R2 is selected from hydrogen, linear or branched C1 - Ci8 alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxyalkenyl, acyl, cycloacyl, and alkoxy groups; wherein each or both R3 and/or R4, is selected from hydrogen, linear or branched C1 - C18 alkyl, alkenyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, and cycloalkenyl group; wherein the dotted line is a single or double carbon-carbon bond; wherein each or both R5 and/or R6 is selected from a hydrogen atom, OH, C1-C4 acyl group, C1-C4 alkyl group, O-CO-R7, or O-COO-R8 group; wherein each or both R7 and/or R8 is selected from hydrogen, linear or branched € - C18 alkyl, alkenyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxyalkenyl, acyl, cycloacyl, or alkoxy groups; wherein R5 and/or R6 may be positioned at the 1-,- 2-, 3-, 5-, and/or 6- positions on the phenyl ring; and b. a cosmetically acceptable carrier.|
|Full Text||FORM - 2
THE PATENTS ACT, 1970
(39 of 1970)
& The Patents Rules, 2003
(See Section 10 and Rule 13)
SKIN LIGHTENING AGENTS COMPRISING COURMARIN DERIVED FROM RESORCINOL DERIVATIVES
HINDUSTAN LEVER LIMITED, a company incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 and having its registered office at Hindustan Lever House, 165/166, Backbay Reclamation, Mumbai -400 020, Maharashtra, India
The following specification particularly describes the invention and the manner in which it is to be performed. GRANTED
The invention relates to cosmetic methods of using coumarin derived compounds and cosmetic compositions including the same, and more specifically, coumarin derived resorcinol derivatives as skin lightening agents.
Many people are concerned with the degree of pigmentation of their skin. For example, people with age spots or freckles may wish such pigmented spots to be less pronounced. Others may wish to reduce the skin darkening caused by exposure to sunlight or to lighten their natural skin color. To meet this need, many attempts have been made to develop products that reduce the pigment production in the melanocytes. However, the substances identified thus far tend to have either low efficacy or undesirable side effects, such as, for example, toxicity or skin irritation. Therefore, there is a continuing need for new skin lightening agents, with improved overall effectiveness.
Resorcinol derivatives have cosmetic skin and hair benefits. Certain resorcinol derivatives, particularly 4-substituted resorcinol derivatives, are useful in cosmetic compositions for skin lightening benefits. Resorcinol derivatives are described in many publications, including Hu et al., U.S. Patent No. 6,132,740, European Patent Application. EP 1 134 207, and Japanese published patent applications JP 2001-010925 and JP2000-327557. Resorcinol derivatives are known compounds and can be readily obtained by various means, including by a method wherein a saturated carboxylic acid and resorcinol are condensed in the presence of zinc chloride,
and the resultant condensate is reduced with zinc amalgam/hydrochloric acid (Lille, et al.,Tr. Nauch-Issled. Inst. Slantsev 1969, No. 18:127-134), or by a method wherein resorcinol and a corresponding alkyl alcohol are reacted in . the presence of an alumina catalyst at a high temperature of from 200 to 400° C (British Patent No. 1,581,428). Some of these compounds can be irritating to the skin.
The applicants have now discovered that the use of compounds that which may be derived from coumarin derivatives (although not limited to such process) deliver skin lightening benefits. The general chemical formulas and structures of these compounds is discussed in more detail herein below. Hydroxy coumarin derived compounds, and especially 7-hydroxy-coumarin derived compounds which resemble resorcinol derivatives, have been found to be effective and possibly less irritating to the skin. These compounds are referred to -herein as "coumarin derived resorcinol derivatives."
Aminophenol derivatives have been described as optical brighteners in, for example, Chevalier et al. , U.S. Patent . Application No. 6, 403,065. Wella AG, German Patent Application DE 20110355 relates to preparation of (dihydroxyphenyl)acrylamide derivatives and compositions containing hair coloring agents. However, coumarin derived resorcinol 'derivatives of the present invention have not been used for lightening skin.
In a first aspect of the invention, the use of compounds of the general formula I, and compositions including the same, deliver skin lightening benefits with potential reduced
irritation. The present invention providesa cosmetic method of skin lightening using a composition comprising in
addition to a cosmetically acceptable vehicle, about 0.000001 % to about 50 % of a compound of formula I,
where each or both R1 and/or R2 represents hydrogen; linear or
branched C1 - C18 alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxyalkenyl, acyl, cycloacyl, or alkoxy groups. Preferably, one of R1 or R2 represents hydrogen, and the other of R1 or R2 represents an alkoxy group; more preferably, the alkoxy group is CH2CH20Me or CH2CH2CH20Me, and
each or both R3 and/or R4, which may be connected by a single or double carbon-carbon bond (shown as a dotted line) , represents hydrogen; linear or branched § - C18 alkyl, alkenyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, or cycloalkenyl group.
Preferably, R3 and R4 are connected, by a double carbon-carbon
bond, and both represent hydrogen, andR5 and/or R6 may be positioned at the 1-, 2-, 3-, 5-, and/or 6- positions on the phenyl ring. Each or both R5 and/or R6 represents preferably
a hydrogen atom, OH, C1-C4 acyl group, C1-C4 alkyl group, 0-
CO-R7, O-COO-Rs group, mesyl group or tosyl group, where each
or both R7 and/or R8 represents hydrogen; linear or branched
C1 - C18 alkyl, alkenyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxyalkenyl, acyl, cycloacyl, or alkoxy groups. In a preferred embodiment, each or both'R5 and/'or Rg represents OH. In a more preferred
embodiment, both R5 and Rg represent OH. . This more
preferred embodiment, refered to herein as 7-hydroxy-coumarin- derivatives, or coumarin aetived resorcinol derivatives, may be prepared by reaction of methylamine with 7-hydroxy-coumarin . by a method known in the art. The
hydroxy groups (R5 and Rg) , as well as the R3 and R4 groups
may be further substituted by methods known in the art.
Further skin benefit agents may be included in the compositions useful for the inventive method. Organic and inorganic sunscreens may also be included.
The inventive compositions and methods have effective skin lightening properties, may be less irritating to the skin, and are cost-effective.
As.used herein, the term "cosmetic composition" is intended to describe compositions for topical application to human skin.
The term "skin" as used herein includes the skin on the face, neck, chest, back, arms, axilla, hands, legs, and scalp.
Except in the examples, or where otherwise explicitly indicated, all numbers in this description indicating amounts of material or conditions of reaction, physical properties of materials and/or use are to be understood as modified by the word "about". All amounts are by weight of the composition, unless otherwise specified.
It should be noted that in specifying any range of concentration, any particular upper concentrationcan be associated with any particular lower concentration.
For the avoidance of doubt the word "comprising" is intended to mean including but not necessarily consisting of or composed of. In other words the listed steps or options need not be exhaustive.
The invention is concerned with the use of compounds of general formula I, shown below, and compositions including the same, as skin lightening agents. A particular advantage of the inventive compositions and methods is that compounds of general formula I can be less irritating to the skin than skin lightening compounds with similar structure, such as 4-substituted resorcinol derivatives
Each or both R1 and/or R2 represents hydrogen, linear or branched C1 - C18 alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxyalkenyl, acyl/ cycloacyl, or alkoxy groups. Preferably, one of R1 or R2 represents hydrogen and the other of R1 or R2 represents an alkoxy group; more preferably, the alkoxy group is CH2CH20Me or CH2CH2CH20Me.
Each or both R3 and/or R4, which may be connected by a single or double carbon-carbon bond (shown as a dotted line), represents hydr jen linear or branched § - C18 alkyl, alkenyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, or cycloalkenyl group. Preferably, R3 and R4 are connected by a double carbon-carbon bond, and both represent hydrogen.
R5 and/or R6 may be positioned at. the 1-, 2-, 3-, 5-, and/or
6- positions on the phenyl ring, and this is denoted in the structure of the compound of formula I by elongated lines generally positioned in the phenyl ring but not attached to any of these particular positions on the phenyl ring. Each
or both R5 and/or R6 represents a hydrogen atom, OH, C1-C4
acyl group, C1-C4 alkyl group, O-CO-R7 0-COO-R8 group, mesyl
group or tosyl group, where each or both R7 and/or R8
represents hydrogen; linear or branched C18 alkyl or alkenyl; hydroxyalkyl; hydroxyalkenyl;- acyl; cycloacyl; or alkoxy groups. In a preferred embodiment, each or both R5
and/or Rg represents OH. In a more preferred embodiment,
J both R5 and Rg represent OH.
In a most preferred embodiment, both R5 and Rg represent OH
and are at the 1- and 3- positions, shown as compound of
formula II, where R3 and R4 are both hydrogen, and are
connected by a double carbon-carbon bond. This most preferred embodiment, referred to herein as 7-hydroxy-coumarin derivatives, or coumarin derived resorcinol derivatives, may be prepared by reaction of methylamine (MeNH2) with 7-hydroxy-coumarin, by a method known in the art-. Other methods of deriving compound of formula II may also be available, and the invention is not limited by the
method of preparation. The hydroxy groups (R5 and R6) , as
well as the R1 and R2 groups may be further substituted by
methods known in the art, to arrive at variations of this compound, as described generally with reference to compounds of formula I.
The compositions generally contain about 0.000001 % to about 50 % of coumarin derived compounds of general formula I.
Compounds of formula II are preferred. The amount of the coumarin derivative is preferably in the range of about 0.00001 % to about 10 %, more preferably about 0.001 % to about 7 %, most preferably from 0.01 % to about 5 % of the total amount of a cosmetic composition.
Preferred cosmetic compositions are those suitable for the application to human skin according to the method of the present invention, which optionally, but preferably, include a skin benefit agent in addition to a coumarin derivative.
Suitable additional skin benefit agents include anti-aging,
wrinkle-reducing, skin whitening, anti-acne, and sebum
reduction agents. Examples of these include alpha-hydroxy
acids,, beta-hydroxy acids, polyhydroxy acids, hydroguinone,
t-butyl hydroquinone, vitamin C derivatives, dioic acids,
retinoids, and resorcinol derivatives.
A cosmetically acceptable vehicle may act as a dilutant, dispersant or carrier for the skin benefit ingredients in the composition, so as to facilitate their distribution when the composition is applied to the skin.
The vehicle may be aqueous, anhydrous or an emulsion. Preferably, the compositions are aqueous or an emulsion, especially water-in-oil or oil-in-water emulsion preferentially oil in water emulsion. Water when present will be in amounts which may range from 5 % to 99 %, preferably from 20 % to 70 %, optimally between40 % and 70 % by weight.
Besides water, relatively volatile solvents may also serve as carriers within compositions of the present invention. Most
preferred are monohydric .C1-C3 alkanols. These include ethyl
alcohol, methyl alcohol and isopropyl alcohol. The amount of monohydric alkanol may range from 1 % to 70 %, preferably from 10 % to 50 %, optimally between 15 % to 40 % by weight.
Emollient materials may also serve as cosmetically acceptable carriers. These may be in the form of silicone oils and synthetic esters.. Amounts of the emollients may range anywhere from 0.1 % to 50 %, preferably between 1 % and 20 % by weight.
Silicone oils may be divided into the volatile and non¬volatile variety. The term "volatile" as used herein refers to those materials which have a-measurable vapor pressure at ambient temperature. Volatile silicone oils are preferably chosen from cyclic or linear' polydimethylsiloxanes containing from 3 to 9, preferably from 4 to 5, silicon atoms. Linear volatile silicone materials generally have viscosities less than about 5 centistokes at 25°C while cyclic materials typically have viscosities of less than about 10 centistokes.
Non-volatile silicone oils useful as an emollient material include polyalkyl siloxanes, polyalkylaryl siloxanes and polyether siloxane copolymers. The essentially non-volatile polyalkyl siloxanes useful herein include, for example, polydimethyl siloxanes with viscosities of from about 5 to about 25 million centistokes at 25°C. Among the preferred non-volatile emollients useful in the present compositions
are the polydimethyl siloxanes having viscosities from about 10 to about 400 centistokes at 25°C.
Among the suitable ester emollients are:
(1) Alkenyl or alkyl esters of fatty acids having 10 to
20 carbon atoms. Examples thereof include
isoarachidyl neopentanoate, isononyl isonanonoate, oleyl myristate, oleyl stearate, and oleyloleate.
(2) Ether-esters such.as fatty acid esters of
ethoxylated fatty alcohols.
(3) Polyhydric alcohol esters. Ethylene glycol mono
and di-fatty acid esters, diethylene glycol mono-
and di-fatty acid esters, polyethylene glycol (200-
.6000) mono- and di-fatty acid esters, propylene
glycol mono- and di-fatty acid esters, polypropylene glycol 2 000 monooleate, polypropylene glycol 2000 monostearate, ethoxylated propylene glycol monostearate, glyceryl mono- and di-fatty acid esters, polyglycerol poly-fatty esters, ethoxylated glyceryl mono-stearate, 1,3-butylene glycol monostearate, 1,3-butylene glycol distearate, polyoxyethylene polyol fatty acid ester, sorbitan fatty acid esters, and polyoxyethylene sorbitan fatty acid esters are satisfactory polyhydric alcohol esters.
(4) Wax esters such as beeswax, spermaceti, myristyl
myristate, stearyl stearate and arachidyl behenate.
(5) Sterols esters, of which cholesterol fatty acid esters are examples thereof.
Fatty acids having from 10 to 3 0 carbon atoms may also be included as cosmetically acceptable carriers for compositions of this invention. Illustrative of this category are pelargonic, lauric, myristic, palmitic, stearic, isostearic, hydroxystearic, oleic, linoleic, ricinoleic, arachidic, behenic and erucic acids.
Humectants of the polyhydri.c alcohol-type may also be employed as cosmetically acceptable carriers in compositions of this invention. The humectant aids in increasing the effectiveess of the emollient, reduces scaling, stimulates removal of built-up scale and improves skin feel. Typical polyhydric alcohols include glycerol, polyalkylene glycols and more preferably alkylene polyols and their derivatives, including propylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, polypropylene glycol, polyethylene glycol and derivatives thereof, sorbitol, hydroxypropyl sorbitol, hexylene glycol, 1,3-butylene glycol, 1,2,6-hexanetriol, ethoxylated glycerol, propoxylated glycerol and mixtures thereof. For best results the humectant is preferably propylene glycol or sodium hyaluronate. The amount of humectant may range anywhere from 0.5 % to 3 0 %, preferably between 1 % and 15 % by weight of the composition.
Thickeners may also be utilized as part of the cosmetically acceptable carrier of compositions, according to the present invention. Typical thickeners include crosslinked acrylates (e.g. Carbopol 982), hydrophobically-modified acrylates (e.g.
Carbopol 13 82), cellulosic derivatives and natural gums. Among useful cellulosic derivatives are sodium carboxymethylcellulose, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxyethyl cellulose, ethyl cellulose and hydroxymethyl cellulose. Natural gums suitable for the present invention include guar, xanthan, sclerotium, carrageenan, pectin and combinations of these gums. Amounts of the thickener may range from 0.0001 % to 5 %, usually from 0.001 % to 1 %, optimally from 0.01 % to 0.5 % by weight.
Collectively the wacer, solvents, silicones, esters, fatty acids, humectants and/or thickeners will constitute the cosmetically acceptable carrier in amounts from 1 % to 99.9 %, preferably from 80 % to 99 % by weight.
An oil or oily material may be present, together with an emulsifier to provide either a water-in-oil emulsion or an oil-in-water emulsion, depending largely on the average hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) of the emulsifier employed.
Surfactants may also be present in cosmetic compositions of the present invention. Total concentration of the surfactant will range from 0.1 % to 4 0 %, preferably from 1 % to 20 %, optimally from 1 % to 5 % by weight of the composition. The surfactant may be selected from the group consisting of anionic, nonionic, cationic and amphoteric actives. Particularly preferred nonionic surfactants are those with a
C10-C20 fatty alcohol or acid hydrophobe condensed with from 2
to 100 moles of ethylene oxide or propylene oxide per mole of
hydrophobe; C2-C10 alkyl phenols condensed with from 2 to 2 0 moles of alkylene oxide; mono- and di- fatty acid esters of ethylene glycol; fatty acid monoglyceride; sorbitan, mono- and
di- C8-C20 fatty acids; block copolymers (ethylene
onide/propylene oxide) ; and polyoxyethylene sorbitan as well as combinations thereof. Alkyl polyglycosides and saccharide fatty amides (e.g. methyl gluconamides) are also suitable nonionic surfactants.
Preferred anionic surfactants include soap, alkyl ether sulfate and sulfonates, alkyl sulfates and sulfonates, alkylbenzene sulfonates, alkyl and dialkyl sulfosuccinates,
C8-C20 acyl isethionates, acyl glutamates, C8-C20 alkyl ether
phosphates and combinations thereof.
In the cosmetic compositions of the invention, there may be added various medically effective ingredients, such as allantoin, a placenta extract; other thickeners, plasticizers; calamine; pigments; antioxidants; chelating agents; and perfumes; as well as additional sunscreens such organic sunscreens, typical of which are PARSOL 1789 and PARSOL MCX..
Other adjunct minor components may also be incorporated into the cosmetic compositions. These ingredients-may include coloring agents, opacifiers, and perfumes'. Amounts of these other adjunct minor components may range anywhere from 0.001 % up to 20 % by weight of the composition.
For use as sunscreen, metal oxides may be used alone or in mixture and/or in combination with organic sunscreens. Examples of organic sunscreens include but are not limited those set forth in the table below:
Trade Name .
BASF Chemical Co. BASF Chemical Co.
UVINUL M-40 UVINUL MS-40
SPECRA-SORB UV-24 American Cyanamide
Octyl dimethyl PABA
TEA salicylate 3-(4-methylbenzylidene)-camphor
Benzophenone-1 Benzophenone-2 Benzophenone-6 Benzophenone-12
4-lsopropyl dibenzoyi methane Butyl methoxy dibenzoyi methane Etocrylene
BERNEL HYDRO AMERSCREEN P NIPAG.M.P.A. KEMESTER HMS SUNAROME UVA UVINUL N-539 AMERSCOL PARSOL MCX SUNAROME WMO PABA
UVINUL 400 UVINUL D-50 UVINUL D-49 UVINUL 408
EUSOLEX 8020 PARSOL 1789 UVINUL N-35
Bemel Chemical Amerchol Corp. Nipa Labs. Hunko Chemical Felton Worldwide BASF Chemical Co. Amerchol Corp. Bernel Chemical Felton Worldwide National Starch
BASF Chemical Co. BASF Chemical Co. BASF Chemical Co. BASF Chemical Co.
EM Industries Givaudan Corp. BASF Chemical Co.
The amount of the organic sunscreens in the cosmetic composition is preferably in the range of about 0.1 wt % to about 10 wt %, more" preferably about 1 wt % to 5 wt %.
Preferred organic sunscreens are PARSOL MCX and Parsol 1789, due to their effectiveness and commercial availability.
The method according to the invention is intended primarily as. using a personal care product for topical application to human skin, as well as to protect exposed skin from the harmful effects of excessive exposure to sunlight.
In use, a small quantity of the composition, for example from 1 to 5 ml, is applied to exposed areas of the skin, from a suitable container or applicator and, if necessary, it is then spread over and/or rubbed into the skin using the hand or fingers or a suitable device.
The cosmetic composition useful for the method of the invention can be formulated as a lotion having a viscosity of from 4,000 to 10,000 mPas, a fluid cream having a viscosity of from 10,000 to 20, 000 mPas or a cream having a viscosity of from 20,000 to 100,000 mPas, or above. The composition can be packaged in a suitable container to suit its viscosity and intended use by the consumer. For example, a lotion or fluid cream can be packaged in a bottle or. a roll-ball applicator or a propel1ant-driven aerosol device or a 'container fitted with a pump suitable for finger operation. When the composition is a cream, it can simply be stored in a non-deformable bottle or squeeze container, such as a tube or a lidded jar. When the composition is a
solid or semi-solid stick, it may be packaged in a suitable container for manually or mechanically pushing out or extruding the composition.
The invention accordingly also provides a closed container containing a cosmetically acceptable composition as herein defined.
The following examples are by way of example, not by way of limitation, of the principles of the present invention, to illustrate the best mode of carrying out the invention.
The following compounds were used throughout the examples that follow. These compounds were prepared in accordance with the procedures set forth in this Example 1.
The compound of formula A, referred to herein as 7-hydroxy coumarin was used as a starting material to prepare the coumarin derived resorcindl compounds according, to the present invention.
Synthesis of resorcinol amide 1
The compound of formula III is referred to herein Resorcinol Amide 1. To prepare resorcinol amide 1, 7-hydroxycoumarin (8.1 g; 0.05 mole; from Sigma-Aldrich, Milwaukee, Wisconsin) was dissolved in methanol (50 ml) and methyl amine was bubbled through the reaction. After 48 hrs, gas chromatography analysis showed the disappearance of 7-hydroxycoumarin. Methanol/methyl-amine was removed on a rotayap and the crude product was chromatographed on a silica column to give the resorcinol amide 1 in 75 % isolated yield. The structure of this chemical was confirmed by Mass spectroscopy, NMR (H1 and C13) and Infrared.
Synthesis of resorcinol amide 2
The compound of formula IV is referred to herein as Resorcinol Amide 2. To prepare resorcinol amide 2, 7-hydroxycoumarin (16.2 g; 0.1 mole;) was dissolved in 2-methoxyethylamine (75.1 g; 1.0 mole, from Aldrich, Milwaukee, Wisconsin) and stirred at room temperature.. After 24 hrs, gas chromatography analysis showed the disappearance of 7-hydroxycoumarin. The excess 2-methoxyethylamine was removed on a rotavap and the crude product was chromatographed on a silica column, to give,the resorcinol amide 2 in 89 % isolated yield. The structure of this chemical was confirmed by Mass spectroscopy, NMR (H1 and C13) and Infrared.
Cosmetic compositions within the scope of the invention were prepared.
A base formulation shown in Table 3, below, was made by heating phase A ingredients to 70 to 85°C with stirring. Phase B ingredients were heated in a separate container to 70 to 85°C with stirring.. Then, phase A was added into phase B while both phases were kept at 70 to 85°C. The mixture was stirred for at least 15 minutes at 70 to 85°C, then cooled.
A base formulation is shown in the table below.
3a ,' 3b
Ingredients %wt. %wt. Phase
Isostearyl Palmitate 6.00 6.00 A
C12-C15 Alkyl Octanoate 3.00 3.00 A
PEG-100 Stearate 2.00 2.00 A
Glyceryl Hydroxystearate 1.50 1.50 A
Stearyl Alcohol 1.50 1.50 A
Stearic acid 3 .00 4.00 A
TEA, 99% 1.20 1.20 B
Dimethicone 1.00 1.00 A
Sorbitan Monostearate 1.00 1.00 A
Magnesium Aluminum Silicate 0.60 0.60 B
Vitamin E acetate 0.10 0.10 A
Cholesterol 0.50 0.50 , A
Simethicone 0.01 0.01 B
Xanthan gum. 0.20 0.20 B
Hydroxyethylcellulose 0.50 0.50 B
Propylparaben 0.10 0.10 B
Disodium EDTA 0.05 0.05 B
Butylated hydroxytolene 0.05 0.05 B
Resorcinol Amide 1 0.05 2.00 B
Niacinamide 1.00 1.00 B
Metal oxide 2.50 5.00 B
Methylparaben 0.15 0.15 B
Water BAL* BAL* B
Total 100.00 100.00 B
*BAL means Balance. a
Additional cosmetic compositions within the scope of the
invention were prepared.
water, DI BALANCE A
disodium EDTA 0.05 A
Magnesium aluminum silicate 0.6 A
methyl paraben 0.15 A
Simethicone 0.01 A
Butylene glycol 1,3 3.0 A
Hydroxyethylcellulose 0.5 A
glycerine, USP 2.0 A
xanthan gum 0.2 A
Triethanolamine 1.2 B
stearic acid 3.0 B
Propyl paraben NF 0.1 B
Glyceryl hydroxystearate 1.5 B
Stearyl alcohol 1.5 B
Isostearyl palmitate 6.0 B
C12-15 alcohols octanoate 3.0 B
Dimethicone 1.0 B
cholesterol NF 0.5 B
Sorbitan stearate 1.0 B
Micronized titanium dioxide 5.0 C
Tocopheryl acetate 0.1 B
PEG-100 stearate 2.0 B
Sodium stearoyl lactylate 0.5 B
Hydroxycaprylic acid 0.1 c
Resorcinol Amide 2 10.0 c
PARSOL MCX 2.4 c
Alpha-bisabolol 0.2 c
. The composition of Example 3, was prepared as follows:
1. Heat Phase A to 80°C
2. Heat Phase B to 75°C in a separate container
3. Add B to A and mix with heat off for 30 min.
4. At 50°C add Phase C and mix for 10 min.
A set.of additional compositions useful in the methods of , the present invention were prepared within the scope of the present invention and are listed in the table below.
Ingredients Phase Examples (wt. %)
3 acid soap base 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
.Stearic acid A' 17.9 17.9 17.9 17.9 17.9 17.9 17.9 17.9
Sodium cetearyl 'sulfate* (emulsifier) A 2.2 1 1.5 2 3 2
Myrj 59* (emulsifier) A 2 2 2 2 2 1
Span 60* (emulsifiers) A 2 2 2 2 2 1
Resorcinol Amide 1 B 0.05 0.05 2.0 2.0 3.5 3.5 5.0 10.0
Micronized Zinc Oxide B 2.50 5.00 5.00 2.50 2.50 5.00 2.50 5.00
KOH, 22 % (form in situ soap with stearic acid) 2.20
Octyl methoxycinnamate 2.50 2.50 2.50 2.50
Water B BAL BAL BAL BAL BAL BAL BAL BAL
Glycerin B 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
This example shows the skin lightening effect of using 7-hydroxy-coumarin derived resorcinol compounds as skin lightening agents in accordance with the inventive method. This experiment was carried out using a cell based assay.
B16 mouse melanoma cells were utilized in the following experiment to evaluate the efficacy of skin lightening agents. B16 cells were plated in 96-well microtiter plates at a density of 5000 cells per well and cultured overnight in Dulbecco's Modified Eagle's Medium (phenol red free) containing 10 % fetal bovine serum and 1 % penicillin/
streptomycin, at 3 7°C in the presence of 5 % CO2. After 24
hours, the medium was replaced with fresh growth medium containing the treatments.
All cultures were incubated for 72 hours at which time melanin was visible in the control treatment. The melanin-containing medium was transferred to a clean 96-well plate and quantified by reading the absorbency at 53 0-nm. Cell viability was,assessed by measurement of lactate dehydrogenase levels to ensure the decrease in melanin was not a result of cellular toxicity.
4-Ethyl Resorcinol Resorcinol Amide 1 Resorcinol Amide 2
6.2 5 micromolar 6.2 5 micromolar 6.25 micromolar
% of Control (Melanin Synthesis)
From the results tabulated above it appears that coumarin derived resoreinol compounds of the present invention reduce melanin synthesis to about the same or better degree than 4-ethyl resoreinol.
Example 13. Mushroom Tyrosinase Assay
Mushroom tyrosinase inhibition is indicative of reduction in melanin synthesis, thereby showing skin lightening effect. This experiment shows the efficacy of coumarin derived resorcinol derivatives of the present invention.
Into each well of a 96-well plate, 150 microliters of phosphate buffer (100 mM, pH 7.0), 10 microliters of L-DOPA (L-3, 4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine, 10 mM), and 20 microliters of skin lightening agent (dissolved in ethanol, which is the control) were added. Following an initial measurement of background absorbency at 475-nm, 20 microliters of mushroom tyrosinase (Sigma T-7755; 6050 units/ml) was added and incubated at room temperature.
Absorbency is read at 475-nm over the following time points: 0, 2, 4, and 6.5 minutes. The data is plotted as 475-nm absorbency vs. time (minutes) and the slope of the line is calculated (AAbs 475nm/ min) . Values are expressed as the percentage of the respective untreated ethanol control reaction.
% of Control = (Reaction rate for treated reaction) x 100
(Reaction rate for untreated control)
Compound Concentration % of Control (Melanin Synthesis)
4-Ethyl Resorcinol 0.1 uM
100 uM 72.7 46.3 30.8 20.7
7-Hydroxy Coumarin 0.1 uM
100 uM 104 100 108 117
Resorcinol Amide 1 0.1 uM
1 uM 10 uM 100 uM 75.1 51.0 53.0 53.4
Resorcinol Amide 2 0.1 uM 1 uM 10 uM 100 uM 84.2
The data show that the hydrolyzed coumarin amide is substantially as effective as 4-ethyl resorcinol, both compounds having good skin lightening effects. The 7-hydroxy coumarin compound from which the compounds of the present invention may be derived is effective in skin lightening.
It should be understood that the specific forms of the invention herein illustrated and described are intended to be representative only. Changes, including but not limited to those suggested in this specification, may be made in the illustrated embodiments without departing from the clear teachings of the disclosure. Accordingly, reference should be made to the following appended claims in determining the full scope of the invention.
1. A cosmetic method of skin lightening comprising applying to the skin a composition comprising:
a. about 0.000001 % to about 50 % of a compound of genera formula I:
wherein each or both R1 and/or R2 is selected from
hydrogen, linear or branched C1 - Ci8 alkyl, alkenyl,
cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxyalkenyl, acyl, cycloacyl, and alkoxy groups;
wherein each or both R3 and/or R4, is selected from
hydrogen, linear or branched C1 - C18 alkyl, alkenyl,
alkoxy, cycloalkyl, and cycloalkenyl group; wherein the dotted line is a single or double carbon-carbon bond;
wherein each or both R5 and/or R6 is selected from a hydrogen atom, OH, C1-C4 acyl group, C1-C4 alkyl group, O-CO-R7, or O-COO-R8 group; wherein each or both R7 and/or R8 is selected from hydrogen, linear or branched €
- C18 alkyl, alkenyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxyalkenyl, acyl, cycloacyl, or alkoxy groups;
wherein R5 and/or R6 may be positioned at the 1-,- 2-, 3-, 5-, and/or 6- positions on the phenyl ring; and
b. a cosmetically acceptable carrier.
The cosmetic method of claim 1, wherein the composation further comprises a sunscreen.
The cosmetic method of claim 2, wherein the sunscreen is a micronized metal oxide.
The cosmetic method of any of the preceding claims, wherein the compound is a hydroxy coumarin derived resorcinol derivative.
The cosmetic method of any of the preceding claims, wherein the compound is a compound of general formula II:
6. The cosmetic method of any of the preceding claims, wherein R1 and R1 both represent hydrogen.
7..The cosmetic method of any of the preceding claims,
wherein the composition further comprises a skin benefit agent selected from alpha-hydroxy acids, beta-hydrcoxy acids, polyhydroxy acids, hydrcquinona,
t-butyl hydrogninone, yitamin C derivatives, dioic acids, retinoids, resorcinol derivatives, and mixtures thereof.
8. The cosmetic method of any of the preceding claims, wherein the composition, further comprises an organic sunscreen selected from Benzophenone-3, Benzophenone-4 , Benzophenone - 8, USA, Methoxycinnamate, Ethyl dihydroxypropyl-PABA, Glyceryl PABA, Homosalate, Methyl anthranilate, Octocrylene, Octyl dimethyl PABA, octyl methoxycinnamate (PARSOL MCX ), Octyl salicylate/ PABA, 2-Phenylbenzimidazole-5-'sulphonic acid, TEA salicylate/ 3 - (4 -methylbenzylidene) -camphor, Benzophenone-1, Benzqphenane-2, Benzophenone- 6, Benzophenone-12, 4-Isqpropyl dibenzoyl methane. Butyl methoxy dibenzoyl methane (PARSOL 1789) ,Btocrylens, and mixtures thereof.
9. A cosmetic composition for skin lightening comprising: a. about 0.000001 % to about 50 % of a compound of general formula I:
wherein each or both R1 and/or R2 is selected from hydrogen,
linear or branched C1 - C18 alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxyalkenyl, acyl, cycloacyl, and alkoxy groups; wherein each or both R3 and/or R4 is selected from hydrogen,
linear or branched C1 - C18 alkyl, alkenyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, and cycloalkenyl group; wherein the dotted line is a single or double carbon-carbon bond;
wherein each or oozn R5 anu/on relected from a hydrogen atom, OH, C1-C4 acyl group, C1-C4 alkyl group, O-CO-R7, or 0-C00-R8 group, wherein each or both R7 and/or R8 is selected
from nydrogen, linear or bramned G - C18 aIkyl, alkenyl,
hydroxyalkyl, hydroxyalkenyl, acyl, cycloacyl, or alkoxy groups;
wherein R5 and/or R5 may be positioned at the 1-, 2-, 3-, 5-,
and/or 6- positions on the phenyl ring; and
b. a cosmetically acceptable carrier.
10. The cosmetic composition of claim 9, wherein the compound is a compound of general formula II:
11. The cosmetic composition of claim 10, wherein R1 and R2 both represent hydrogen.
12. The cosmetic composition of any of claims 9 to 11,
wherein the compound comprises about 0.00001 % to about 10 % of the composition.
13. The cosmetic composition of claim 12 wherein the compound comprises about 0.001 % to about 7 % of the composition.
14. The cosmetic composition of claim 13, wherein the compound comprises about, 0.01 % to about 5 % of the composicion.
Dated this 17th day of February 2005
HINDUSTAN LEVER LIMITED
(S. Venkatramani) Sr. Patents Manager
|Indian Patent Application Number||138/MUMNP/2005|
|PG Journal Number||43/2008|
|Date of Filing||17-Feb-2005|
|Name of Patentee||HINDUSTAN uniLEVER LIMITED|
|Applicant Address||HINDUSTAN LEVER HOUSE 165/166 BACKBAY RECLAMATION, MUMBAI 400 020|
|PCT International Classification Number||A61K 7/48|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/EP03/08845|
|PCT International Filing date||2003-08-08|