|Title of Invention||
SYNERGISTIC COMBINATION COMPRESING ROFLUMILAS AND (R.R) - FORMOTEROL
|Abstract||A medicament comprising roflumilast, a pharmacologically acceptable salt of roflumilast or the N-oxide of roflumilast in combination with R, R-formoterol or a pharmacologically acceptable salt of R, R-formoterol.|
|Full Text||FORM 2
THE PATENT ACT 197 0 (39 of 1970)
The Patents Rules, 2003 PROVISIONAL / COMPLETE SPECIFICATION (See Section 10, and rule 13)
TITLE OF INVENTION
SYNERGISTIC COMBINATION COMPRESING ROFLUMILAS AND (R.R)
ALTANA PHARMA AG
3. PREAMBLE TO THE DESCRIPTION
The following specification particularly describes the invention and the manner in which it is to be performed : -
SYNERGISTIC COMBINATION COMPRISING ROFLUMILAST AND (R, R)-FORMOTEROL Field of application of the invention The invention relates to the combination of certain known active compounds for therapeutic purposes.
The substances used in the combination according to the invention are a known active compound from the PDE inhibitors class and an active compound from the β2 adrenoceptor agonists class. Their combined use in the sense according to the invention for therapeutic purposes has not yet been de- scribed in the prior art.
Prior art International patent application W001/13953 (US Patent 6,624, 181) describes the combination of a compound from the class of PDE inhibitors with a compound from the class of β2 adrenoceptor ago- nists for the treatment of respiratory tract disorders. -United States patent 6,288, 118 generally de- scribes the treatment of pulmonary diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma, by administering a phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor with a beta-adrenergic bronchodilator.-In Current Opinion in Investigational Drugs 2002 3 (8): 1165-1170, the PDE4-inhibitor Roflumilast is de- scribed in detail.-In International patent application W098/35683 a composition containing lung sur- factant and Roflumilast is described.-In the review Expert Opin. Ther. Patents (2002) 12 (1) : 53-63 the patent literature during the period January 1998 to August 2001 concerning bronchodilators is analyzed, and exemplary compounds for the different substance classes are named, inter alia the PDE4-inhibitor Roflumilast.-United States patent 5,795, 564 discloses a method and composition utilizing the pure (R, R) isomer of formoterol.-In International patent applications W002/066422 and W002/076933 certain new pz adrenoceptor agonists and their use in respiratory tract disorders are disclosed.-In International patent application WO00/67741 the pure (S, R) isomer of formoterol and its use is disclosed.-In International patent application W002/088167 certain Androstane derivatives and combinations thereof with e. g. B2 adrenoceptor agonists are described.
Summary of the invention The invention relates to compositions and methods for preventing or reducing the onset of symptoms of pulmonary diseases, or treating or reducing the severity of pulmonary diseases. In particular it re- lates to compositions and methods for treating pulmonary diseases mediated by phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) by administering a PDE4 inhibitor together with another pharmaceutical active agent, which affects pulmonary function. In this connection, it is the object of the present invention to make avail- able a certain respiratory tract therapeutic which fulfills the following conditions: - Pronounced antiinflammatory action - Distinct bronchorelaxation
and-dilatation - Good oral availability, at least with respect to the PDE4 inhibitor - Minor side effects - Good suitability for long-term therapy - Favorable influence on bronchial hyperreactivity.
It has now been found that the combined use of the PDE4 inhibitor roflumilast and of the β2 adreno- ceptor agonist R, R-formoterol outstandingly fulfills the abovementioned conditions, in particular in view of the fact that the combination of the two compounds acts synergistically, i. e. exhibits a greater than additive effect.
Accordingly, the invention relates in a first aspect to a method for preventing or reducing the onset of symptoms of a pulmonary disease, or treating or reducing the severity of a pulmonary disease by ad- ministering to a patient in need thereof an effective amount of roflumilast and R, R-formoterol either in a single combined form, separately, or separately and sequentially where the sequential administra- tion is close in time, or remote in time.
The invention also relates to a composition for preventing or reducing the onset of symptoms of a pulmonary disease, or treating or reducing the severity of a pulmonary disease comprising an effective amount of roflumilast, an effective amount of R, R-formoterol and a pharmaceutical acceptable ex- cipient.
The invention additionally relates to a method for preparing a composition which is effective for pre- venting or reducing the onset of symptoms of a pulmonary disease, or treating or reducing the severity of a pulmonary disease, which method comprises mixing an effective amount of roflumilast and R, R- formoterol with a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.
Detailed description of the invention The combination therapy which is the subject matter of this invention comprises administering roflumi- last with R, R-formoterol to prevent onset of a pulmonary disease event or to treat an existing condi- tion. The two compounds may be administered together in a single dosage form. Or they may be ad- ministered in different dosage forms. They may be administered at the same time. Or they may be administered both close in time or remotely, such as where one drug is administered in the morning and the second drug is administered in the evening. The combination may be used prophylactically or after the onset of symptoms has occurred. In some instances the combination may be used to prevent the progression of a pulmonary disease or to arrest the decline of a function such as lung function.
The invention thus relates to the combined use of roflumilast and R, R-formoterol in preventing the symptoms of, or treating a respiratory tract disorder.
In the sense of the invention, the term"roflumilast"is understood to include the pharmacologically acceptable salts and the N-oxide of roflumilast, which can likewise be used according to the invention.
Correspondingly, the term"R, R-formoterol" is understood in connection with this invention to include the pharmacologically acceptable salts of R, R-formoterol.
It is understood that the active compounds mentioned can also be present, for example, in the form of their solvates, in particular in the form of their hydrates.
Suitable pharmacologically acceptable salts of roflumilast or R, R-formoterol are in particular water- soluble and water-insoluble acid addition salts with acids such as, for example, hydrochloric acid, hy- drobromic acid, phosphoric acid, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, acetic acid, citric acid, D-gluconic acid, ben- zoic acid, 2- (4-hydroxybenzoyl)-benzoic acid, butyric acid, sulfosalicylic acid, maleic acid, lauric acid, malic acid, fumaric acid, succinic acid, oxalic acid, tartaric acid, embonic acid, stearic acid, toluenesul- fonic acid, methanesulfonic acid or l-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, the acids being employed in salt preparation-depending on whether it is a mono-or polybasic acid and depending on which salt is desired-in an equimolar quantitative ratio or one differing therefrom. A particularly preferred salt of R, R-formoterol is the fumarate.
Respiratory tract disorders which may be mentioned are in particular allergen-and inflammation-induced bronchial disorders (bronchitis, obstructive bronchitis, spastic bronchitis, allergic bronchitis, allergic asthma, bronchial asthma, COPD), which can be treated by the combination according to the invention also in the sense of a long-term therapy (if desired with appropriate adjustment of the dose of the individual components to the needs at the time, for example needs subject to seasonally related variations).
"Combined use"or"combination"within the meaning of the present invention is to be understood as meaning that the individual components can be administered simultaneously (in the form of a combi- nation medicament), more or less simultaneously (from separate pack units) or in succession (directly in succession or else alternatively at a relatively large time interval) in a manner which is known per se and customary. As an example, one drug could be taken in the morning and one later in the day. Or in another scenario, one drug could be taken twice daily and the other once daily, either at the same time as one of the twice-a-day dosing occurred, or separately.
Combined use"or"combination"within the meaning of the present invention is particularly to be n- derstood as meaning that the two components act together in a synergistic manner.
R, R-formoterol is usually administered as an oral or nasal spray or aerosol, or as an inhaled powder.
Usually R, R-formoterol is not administered systemically or by injection. Roflumilast can be adminis- tered orally or by inhalation (orally or internasally). This invention contemplates either co¬administering both drugs in one delivery form such as an inhaler, which is putting both drugs in the same inhaler.
Alternatively one can put roflumilast into pills and package them in a medicament pack with an inhaler that contains R, R-formoterol.
Within the meaning of the present invention, "use"can thus be understood as meaning primarily with respect to roflumilast the oral administration. In view of the synergistic effect of the combined use ac- cording to the invention, it is possible to use R, R-formoterol orally in a lower dose, avoiding thus the known side effects of orally administered R, R-formoterol in higher doses. With respect to R, R- formoterol,"use"is therefore, in accordance with the invention, understood primarily as meaning the oral administration, but it is also understood to mean topical application in inhalator form. For inhala- tion, R, R-formoterol is preferably administered in the form of an aerosol, the aerosol particles of solid, liquid or mixed composition having a diameter of 0.5 to 10 um, advantageously of 2 to 6 urn.
Aerosol generation can be carried out, for example, by pressure-driven jet atomizers or ultrasonic atomizers, but advantageously by propellant-driven metered aerosols or propellant-free administration of micronized active compounds from inhalation capsules.
The active compounds are dosed in an order of magnitude customary for the individual dose, it more likely being possible, on account of the individual actions, which are mutually positively influencing and reinforcing, to reduce the respective doses on the combined administration of the active compounds compared with the norm. For inhalation, R, R-formoterol is intended to be administered in a dose of preferably 10 to 50 pg per day by once, twice or three times daily administration.
Depending on the inhaler system used, in addition to the active compound the administration forms additionally contain the required excipients, such as, for example, propellants (e. g. Frigen in the case of metered aerosols), surface-active substances, emulsifiers, stabilizers, preservatives, flavorings, fillers (e. g. lactose in the case of powder inhalers) or, if appropriate, further active compounds.
For the purposes of inhalation, a large number of apparatuses are available with which aerosols of optimum particle size can be generated and administered, using an inhalation technique which is as right as possible for the patient. In addition to the use of adaptors (spacers, expanders) and pear-shaped containers (e. g. Nebulator@, Volumatic@), and automatic devices emitting a puffer spray (Autohaler@), for metered aerosols, in particular in the case of powder inhalers, a number of technical solutions are available (e. g. Diskhalere, Rotadisk@, Turbohalere or the inhaler described in European Patent Application EP 0 505 321), using which an optimal administration of active compound can be achieved.
In the case of the oral administration of R, R-formoterol, which is the preferred administration form in the combined use according to the invention, the daily dose is in the range from 20 to 120 ug per day by once, twice or three times daily oral administration.
In the case of the oral administration of roflumilast, which is the preferred administration form, the daily dose is in the range from 100 to 500 pg per day, preferably by once daily oral administration.
In case of medicaments which are intended for oral administration, the active ingredients roflumilast and/or R, R-formoterol are formulated to give medicaments according to processes known per se and familiar to the person skilled in the art. The active ingredients are employed as medicament, preferably in combination with suitable pharmaceutical excipients or vehicles, in the form of tablets, coated tab- lets, capsules, emulsions, suspensions or solutions, the active compound content advantageously being between 0.1 and 95% and, by the appropriate choice of the excipients and vehicles, it being possible to achieve a pharmaceutical administration form precisely tailored to the active compound (s) and/or to the desired onset of action (e. g. a sustained-release form or an enteric form). In case of a once daily oral administration of both roflumilast and R, R-formoterol in an oral single unit dosage form, R, R-formoterol is preferably formulated in such a way that it is released during a prolonged period of time.
The person skilled in the art is familiar on the basis of his/her expert knowledge with, which
excipients or vehicles are suitable for the desired pharmaceutical formulations. In addition to
|Indian Patent Application Number||636/MUMNP/2005|
|PG Journal Number||42/2008|
|Date of Filing||20-Jun-2005|
|Name of Patentee||NYCOMED GMBH|
|Applicant Address||BYK-GULDEN-STRASSE 2, D-78467 KONSTANZ, GERMANY.|
|PCT International Classification Number||A61K 31/167|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/EP03/13266|
|PCT International Filing date||2003-11-26|