Title of Invention  "APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SPREADING CHANNEL DATA IN CDMA COMMUNICATION SYSTEM USING ORTHOGONAL TRANSMIT DIVERSITY" 

Abstract  A channel spreading method in a CDMA communication system which spreads a pair of symbols obtained by repeating one symbol with a quasiorthogonal code having a given length to transmit the spread symbols through a first antenna and spreads said symbol and an inverted symbol of said symbol with said quasiorthogonal code to transmit the spread symbols through a second antenna. The method comprises spreading one of said pair of symbols with a portion of said quasiorthogonal code and spreading another symbol of said pair of symbols with a remaining portion of said quasiorthogonal code; and spreading said symbol with a portion of said quasiorthogonal code and spreading said inverted symbol with the remaining portion of said quasiorthogonal code. 
Full Text  APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SPREADING CHANNEL DATA IN CDMA COMMUNICATION SYSTEM USING ORTHOGONAL TRANSMIT DIVERSITY BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates generally to an apparatus and method for spreading channel data in a CDMA communication system, and in particular, to an apparatus and method for spreading channel data in a CDMA communication system using orthogonal transmit diversity (OTD). 2. Description of the Related Art In order to increase channel capacity, a CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) communication system spreads channels using orthogonal codes. For example, the forward link of an IMT2000 system performs channel spreading using orthogonal codes. A reverse link can also perform channel spreading using orthogonal codes through time alignment. An example of an orthogonal code that is typically used is a Walsh code. The number of available orthogonal codes is determined depending upon a modulation method and a minimum data rate. However, in the proposed IMT2000 CDMA system, the channels assigned to the users will increase in number in order to improve system performance. To this end, the future CDMA system includes a plurality of common channels and dedicated channels, and assigns the channels to the mobile stations, thereby increasing channel capacity. However, even in the proposed IMT2000 CDMA system, an increase in the utilization of the channels limits the number of available orthogonal codes. Further, the reduced number of available Walsh orthogonal codes limits the increase in channel capacity. In an effort to solve this problem, a method has been proposed for using quasiorthogonal codes for channel spreading codes which have a minimum interference with the orthogonal codes and have a variable data rate. In the IMT2000 system, a 1x system uses a spreading code group having a spreading code rate 1, and a 3x system uses a spreading code group having a spreading code rate 3. In the Ix system, the spreading code generator stores spreading codes with a maximum length of 128 and generates a spreading code corresponding to a designated spreading code index to spread code symbols with the generated spreading code. Further, in the 3x system, the spreading code generator stores spreading codes with a maximum length of 256 and generates a spreading code corresponding to a designated spreading code index to spread code symbols with the generated spreading co4e. The IMT2000 system supports a transmit diversity, for which an orthogonal transmit diversity (ODT) scheme is typically used. Further, the IMT2000 system can support a multicarrier system. Therefore, the IMT2000 system can either employ or not employ orthogonal transmit diversity for the Ix direct spreading (DS) system according to circumstances. Further, for the 3x system, the IMT2000 system can support both the multicarrier system and the direct spreading system, wherein orthogonal transmit diversity can be either used or not used for the direct spreading system. The orthogonal transmit diversity scheme inputs the coded symbols to first and second antennas by dividing, and then divides again the signals input to the first and second antennas into two components respectively by demultiplexing to transmit them via the different antennas. At this point, the symbol rate decreases by half, because the signals input to the first 'and second antennas are divided into two components by the demultiplexer. Therefore, in order to match the halved symbol rate to the total symbol rate, the divided input symbols are repeated and the pair of symbols (both the original and the repeated symbol) are orthogonally spread. One of the divided components goes to the first antenna, and the second divided component goes to the second antenna. The signal input to the first and second antennas is divided again into two components by multiplexing, which results in a total of 4 components from the original signal. Then, the 4 components are orthogonally spread with independent orthogonal codes. In the orthogonal transmit diversity scheme, the respective component symbols undergo repetition before orthogonal spreading. Spreading the repeated symbols with the respective spreading factors is equivalent to spreading one symbol with twice the spreading factors. The receiver then accumulates the chips for the two times the spreading factor duration during spreading and multiplexes the accumulated chips. Since spreading the chips using the quasiorthogonal codes is equivalent to spreading each component chip with the twice the spreading factor in the orthogonal transmit diversity scheme, the correlation property of the quasiorthogonal codes may vary. Actually, when using orthogonal codes of length 256, the correlation for 256 chip duration is ±16 and ±16j. Therefore, any orthogonal transmit diversity scheme should consider the effect of spreading the chips with the twice the spreading factor, when selecting the quasiorthogonal codes for use in the spreading scheme using the quasiorthogonal codes. FIG. 1 shows a transmitter using the orthogonal transmit diversity. Referring to FIG. 1, a channel encoder 110 encodes input data into coded symbols, and an interleaver 130 interleaves the coded symbols and provides the interleaved symbols to an adder 120. At this point, a long code generator 100 generates a long code and a decimator 105 decimates the generated long code and provides the decimated long code to the adder 120. The adder 120 adds the decimated long code and the interleaved code symbols, and a demultiplexer 140 demultiplexes the signals input from the adder 120 to the first and second antennas. The signals demultiplexed to the first and second antennas are input to demultiplexers 150 and 155. The demultiplexer 150 demultiplexes the Icomponent input signal for the first antenna into II and Ql components, and provides the II and Ql components to symbol repeaters 160 and 162, respectively. Similarly, the demultiplexer 155 demultiplexes the Qcomponent input signal for the second antenna into 12 and Q2 components, and provides the 12 and Q2 components to symbol repeaters 164 and 166, respectively. The symbol repeaters 160 and 162 repeat their input signal II and Ql two times, respectively. The symbol repeater 164 outputs the 12 signal once and then outputs an inverted input signal. Similarly, the symbol repeater 166 outputs the Q2 signal once and then outputs an inverted input signal. Here, the inverte:d symbol will be referred to as an inverted symbol. In order to maintain the orthogonality between the first and second antenna signals demultiplexed by the demultiplexer 140, the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 repeat the input symbols in the different manner from the symbol repeaters 164 and 166. Although the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 have a similar operation to the existing symbol repetition, the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 repeat the input symbols in different manner. For example, upon receipt of an input signal '!', the repeaters 164 and 166 output a symbol ' 1' and an inverted symbol '1'. Thereafter, a spreader 170 receives the signals output from the symbol repeaters 160 and 162, and at the same time, a spreading code generator 180 generates a spreading code corresponding to an input spreading code index kl and provides the generated spreading code to the spreader 170. The spreader 170 then spreads the signals output from the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 with the spreading code. Further, a spreader 175 receives the signals output from the symbol repeaters 164 and 166, and at the same time, a spreading code generator 185 generates a spreading code correspending to an input sprealing code index k2 and provides the generated spreading code to the spreader 175. The spreader 175 then spreads the signals output from the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 with the spreading code. FIG. 2 shows a receiver using the orthogonal transmit diversity. Referring to FIG. 2, a despreader 270 receives input data rll and rQl, and at the same time, a spreading code generator 280 generates the spreading code corresponding to an input spreading code index kl and provides the generated spreading code to the despreader 270. The despreader 270 then despreads the input data rll and rQl using the spreading code provided from the spreading code generator 280 and provides the despread signals to a multiplexer 250. Similarly, a despreader 275 receives input data rI2 and rQ2, and at the same time, a spreading code generator 285 generates the spreading code corresponding to an input spreading code index k2 and provides the generated spreading code to the despreader 275. The despreader 275 then despreads the input data rI2 and rQ2 using the spreading code provided from the spreading code generator 285 and provides the despread signals to a multiplexer 255. The multiplexer 250 multiplexes the signals output from the despreader 270 to output a first antenna component, and the multiplexer 255 multiplexes the signals output from the despreader 275 to output a second antenna component. A multiplexer 240 ,multiplexes the first and second antenna components and provides the multiplexed signals to an adder 220. At the same time, a long code generator 200 generates a long code and a decimator 205 decimates the long code and provides the decimated long code to the adder 220. The adder 220 then adds the decimated long rode and the codes output from the multiplexer 240, and a deinterleaver 230 deinterleaves the signals output from the adder 220. A channel decoder 210 decodes the signals output from the deinterleaver 230. FIG. 3 shows a direct spreading scheme which does not use orthogonal transmit diversity. Referring to FIG. 3, a channel encoder 310 encodes input data into coded symbols, and an interleaver 330 interleaves the coded symbols and provides the interleaved symbols to an adder 320. At the same time, a long code generator 300 generates a long code and a decimator 305 decimates the long code and provides the decimated long code to. the adder 320. The adder 320 then adds the decimated long code und the interleaved code symbols, and provides its outputs to a demultiplexer 340. The demultiplexer 340 demultiplexes the input signals into an Icomponent signal and a Qcomponent signal. A spreader 370 receives the Icomponent and Qcomponent signals, and at the same time, a spreading code generator 380 generates a spreading code corresponding to an input spreading code index k and provides the generated spreading code to the spreader 370. The spreader 370 then spreads the Icomponent and Qcomponent signals output from the demultiplexer 340 with the spreading code. FIG. 4 shows a receiver which does not use orthogonal transmit diversity. Referring to FIG. 4, a despreader 470 receives input data I and Q, and at the same time, a spreading code generator 480 provides the despreader 470 with a spreading code corresponding to an input spreading code index k. The despreader 470 despreads the input data I and Q using the spreading code provided from the spreading code generator 480, and provides the despread signals to a multiplexer 440. The multiplexer 440 multiplexes the despread I and Q components, and provides the multiplexed signals to an adder 420. At this point, a long code generator 400 generates a long code, and a decimator 405 decimates the long code and provides the decimated long code to the adder 420. The adder 420 adds the decimated long code and the codes output from the multiplexer 440, and provides its output signals to a deinterleaver 430. The deinterleaver 430 deinterleaves the input signals and a channel decoder 410 decodes the deinterleaved signals. The IMT2000 system having the above spreading scheme supports a multicarrier system. The multicarrier mobile communication system transmits signals at one carrier of a 1.25MHz band for the 1x system, and transmits the signals at three carriers for 3x system. The respective carriers are assigned independent orthogonal codes. When the 1x system is overlaid with the 3x system, using orthogonal codes of different lengths will cause interference between the systems. Herein, it will be assumed that the 1x system generates a quasiorthogonal code using a mask function of length 128, and the 3x system generates a quasiorthogonal code using a mask function of length 256. In this case, since a good correlation property is not guaranteed between a spreading code of length 128 which uses a mask function at a spreading rate 1 and a spreading code of length 128 which uses a mask function at a spreading rate 3 at each 1.25MHz band, increased interference may occur between a user using a mask function at the spreading rate 1 and a user using a mask function at the spreading rate 3 . When the 1x system uses the quasiorthogonal code and the 3x system uses the orthogonal code, interference that the quasiorthogonal code (QOFm+Wk) user of the 1x system, experiences from the orthogonal code (Wj) user of the 3x system can be given by the equation: (Equation Removed) That is, the interference satisfies an upper limit formula of the correlation for the quasiorthogonal code. Therefore, in this case, this is not a serious matter. However, when the Ix system and 3x system both use the quasiorthogonal code, interference that the quasiorthogonal code (QOFm+Wk) user of the Ix system experiences from the quasiorthogonal code (QOFn+Wj) user of the 3x system does not satisfy the upper limit formula, as shown in Equation (2) below: ' • In this case, the mutual interference between the channels increases. Therefore, when using the quasiorthogonal codes of spreading code groups having different lengths, the mobile communication system stores the spreading codes of different lengths, and thus increases the hardware complexity. Further, using the spreading codes having different spreading rates in the overlay scheme deteriorates the interference property between two users thereby causing performance degradation. FIG. 5 shows a transmitter for a 3x multicarrier system. Referring to FIG. 5, a channel encoder 500 encodes an input signal into coded symbols, and an interleaver 505 interleaves the coded symbols. A long code spreader 510 spreads the interleaved symbols with a long code output from a long code generator 515. A demultiplexer 580 demultiplexes the spread signals into three components, each of which is divided again into I component and Q component, and provides the I and Q components to spreaders 520, 522 and 524. When the spreader 520 receives the signals from the demultiplexer 580, a spreading code generator 540 generates a spreading code of length 256 corresponding to an input spreading code index k indicating a channel assigned to the user, and provides the generated spreading code to the spreader 520. The spreader 520 spreads the long code spread signals at a chip rate of 1.2288Mcps by operating each symbol of the input signal with a specified number'of chips (256/2", 0 When the PN despread signals are input to a despreader 620, a spreading code generator 640 generates a spreading code of a maximum length 256 corresponding to an input spreading code index k indicating a channel assigned to the user, and provides the generated spreading code to the despreader 620. The despreader 620 then operates on each symbol of the PN despread signal with a specified number of chips (256/2n, 0 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide a device and method for spreading a transmission signal with a spreading code having at least two times a spreading factor in a chip spreading rate in a CDMA communication system using orthogonal transmit diversity. It is another object of the present invention to provide a device and method for enabling two users having different spreading rates to spread transmission signals using spreading codes of the same length in a CDMA communication system. To achieve the above objects, there is provided a channel spreading method in a CDMA communication system which spreads a pair of symbols obtained by repeating one symbol with a quasiorthogonal code having a given length to transmit the spread symbols through a first antenna and spreads said symbol and an inverted symbol of said symbol with said quasiorthogonal code to transmit the spread symbols through a second antenna. The method comprises spreading one of said pair of symbols with a portion of said quasiorthogonal code and spreading another symbol of said pair of symbols with a remaining portion of said quasiorthogonal code; and spreading said symbol with a portion of said quasiorthogonal code and spreading said inverted symbol with the remaining portion of said quasiorthogonal code. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which: FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a transmitter using an orthogonal transmit diversity in a mobile communication system; FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating a receiver using the orthogonal transmit diversity in a mobile communication system; FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating a transmitter not using the orthogonal transmit diversity in a mobile communication system; FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating a receiver not using the orthogonal transmit diversity in a mobile communication system; FIG. 5 is a diagram illustrating a transmitter in a 3x multicarrier mobile communication system; FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating a receiver in a 3x multicarrier mobile communication system; FIG. 7 is a diagram illustrating a. spreading scheme for the transmitter and receiver in a mobile communication system according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 8 is a diagram illustrating a rotator in the spreading scheme of FIG. 7 for the transmitter according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 9 is a diagram illustrating a rotator in the despreading scheme of FIG. 7 for the receiver according to an embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 10A is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader in a Ix direct spreading system not using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a first embgdiment of the present invention; FIG. 10B is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader at a first antenna in a Ix direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a first embodiment of the present invention; FIG. IOC is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader at a (second antenna in the Ix direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a first embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 10D is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader in a 3x direct spreading system not using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a first embodiment of a present invention; FIG. 10E is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader at a first antenna in the 3x direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a first embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 10F is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader at a second antenna in the 3x direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity uccording to a first embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 10G is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader in a 3x multicarrier system Using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a first embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 11A is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader in the 1 x direct spreading system not using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a second embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 11B is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader at a first antenna in the Ix direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a second embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 11C is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader at a second antenna in the Ix direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a second embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 1 ID is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader in the 3x direct spreading system not using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a second embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 1 IE is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader at a first untenna in the 3x direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a second embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 11F is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader at a necond antenna in the 3x direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity uccording to a second embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 11G is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader in the 3x multicarrier system using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a second embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 12A is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader in the Ix direct spreading system not using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a third embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 12B is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader at a first antenna in the Ix direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a third embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 12C is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader at a second antenna in the Ix direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a third embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 12D is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader in the 3x direct spreading system not using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a third embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 12E is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader at a first antenna in the 3x direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a third embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 12F is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader at a second antenna in the 3x direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a third embodiment of the present invention; and FIG. 12G is a timing diagram explaining the operation of a spreader in the 3x multicarrier system using orthogonal transmit diversity according to a third embodiment of the present invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT A preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described herein below with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the following description, wellknown functions or constructions are not described in detail since they would obscure the invention in unnecessary detail. The term "orthogonal spreading" as used herein has the same meaning as the term "channel spreading". Further, the term "spreading codes of the same length" means quasiorthogonal code sets having the same length. In an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, a description will be made of spreading and despreading operation of the IMT2000 base station and mobile station, wherein the Ix system and the 3x system use spreading codes of the same length. It is also possible to apply the invention to the systems using the spreading codes of different lengths. A description has already been made of the spreader in the transmitter and receiver of FIGS. 1 to 6. The spreaders for the transmitter and the receiver are identical except for the operation of a rotator therein. FIG. 7 shows a spreader for a CDMA communication system according to an embodiment of the present invention. Herein, the quasiorthogonal code is a code generated by mixing a Walsh orthogonal code and a QOF mask, wherein the QOF mask is comprised of a sign code QOFjjp, and phase code QOFrot. Further, the phase code has the same value as a specific Walsh orthogonal code. Referring to FIG. 7, when adders 710 and 715 receive I and Q signals, an adder 700 adds a first Walsh code Walsh 1 and a sign component QOFsjgn and provides its output to the adders 710 and 715. Here, the first Walsh code Walsh 1 is a Walsh code for generating the quasiorthogonal code. The adder 710 adds the input signal I and the output signal of the adder 700 and provides its output to a rotator 720, and the adder 715 adds the input signal Q and the output signal of the adder 700 and provides its output to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the signals input from the adders 710 and 715 according to QOFrot. Here, QOFrot is used to control a phase of the spread signal. FIG, 8 shows the rotator 720 in the spreader of FIG. 7 for the transmitter. Referring to FIG. 8, the signal output from the adder 710 is input to a Dl node of a selector 800 and a D2 node of a selector 810, and the signal output from the adder 715 is input to an inverter 820 and a Dl node of the selector 810. The inverter 820 inverts the input signal by multiplying it by '1' and provides the inverted signal to a D2 node of the selector 800. The selectors 800 and 810 output the signals received at their Dl nodes when the QOFrot is '0', and otherwise, output the signals received at their D2 nodes. FIG. 9 shows the rotator 720 in the despreader of FIG. 7 for the receiver. Referring to FIG. 9, the signal output from the adder 710 is input to a Dl node of a selector 900 and an inverter 920. The inverter 920 inverts the input signal by multiplying it by '!' and provides the inverted signal to a D2 node of a selector 910. The signal output from the adder 715 is input to a D2 node of the selector 900 and a 1)1 node of the selector 910. The selectors 900 and 910 output the signals received at their Dl nodes when QOFrot is '0', and otherwise, output the signals received at their D2 nodes. In the embodiments of the present invention, the quasiorthogonal sequence mask function of length 128 and the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256 are used, which are disclosed in Korean patent application Nos. 99888 and 991339. The quasiorthogonal sequence mask function of length 128 and the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256 should have (1) a good full correlation property with the Walsh orthogonal code, (2) a good full correlation property between quasiorthogonal codes, and (3) a good full partial correlation property with the Walsh orthogonal code. In addition, they should have a good partial correlation property between the quasiorthogonal codes. The invention also provides quasiorthogonal codes of length 128 and quasiorthogonal codes of length 256 that satisfy the above conditions. In the embodiments below, the orthogonal transmit diversity scheme uses the quasiorthogonal sequences. Further, the multicarrier system also uses the quasiorthogonal sequences. In the various embodiments below, the overall system operation is similar except the spreader. Further, since only the process for processing the spreading codes of different lengths is varied, the description of the invention will be made with reference to the timing diagrams for the symbols in the rotator 720 of FIG. 7. A. First Embodiment In the first embodiment, the Ix direct spreading system uses quasiorthogonal sequences of length 128, the 3x direct spreading system uses quasiorthogonal sequences of length 256, and the 3x multicarrier system uses quasiorthogonal sequences of length 256. A description will be made of spreading operation in the Ix direct spreading system not using orthogonal transmit diversity (or Ix nonOTD direct spreading system), with reference to FIGS. 7 and 10A. The Ix direct spreading system not using orthogonal transmit diversity uses the spreading codes of length 128, shown in FIG. 10A, output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7. In FIG. 7, when the I and Q component symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds a. Walsh code of length 128 and a sign component QOFSjgn of a quasiorthogonal sequence of length 128 as shown in FIG. 10A, and provides its output to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 add the I and Q component input symbols, respectively, and the output of the adder 700, and provide their output signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 rotates the 128chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128. Referring to FIG. 10A, one input symbol is added to the Walsh orthogonal code of length 128 and the sign component QOFjjgj, of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128. Next, a description will be made of spreading operation in the Ix direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity (or Ix OTD direct spreading system), with reference to FIGS. 7, 10B and IOC, wherein FIGS. 10B and IOC show the timing diagrams for the first and second antennas, respectively. In the first embodiment, the Ix direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity uses the spreading code of length 128, and with regard to the first antenna, the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 10B. When the first I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715 of FIG. 7, the adder 700 adds a Walsh code of length 128 and a sign component QOFSjgn of a quasiorthogonal sequence of length 128 as shown in FIG. 10B, and provides its output to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 add the I and Q component input symbols, respectively, and the output of the adder 700, and provide their output signals to the rotator 720. The. rotator '720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128. When the second I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715 of FIG. 7, the adder 700 adds a Walsh code of length 128 and a sign component QOFsign of a quasiorthogonal sequence of length 128 as shown in FIG. 10B, and provides its output to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 add the I and Q component input symbols, respectively, and the output of the adder 700, and provide their output signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFTOt of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128. Referring to FIG. 10B, the first input symbol is added to the Walsh orthogonal code of length 128 and the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFTOt of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128. Subsequently, in the same manner, the second input symbol is added to the Walsh orthogonal code of length 128 and the sign component QOFiign of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128. With regard to the second antenna, the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. IOC. When the first I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715 of FIG. 7, the adder 700 adds a Walsh code of length 128 and a sign component QOFsign of a quasiorth'ogonal sequence of length 128 as shown in FIG. IOC, and provides its output to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component input symbols, respectively, and the output of the adder 700, and provide their output signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128. The second I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 are the inverted symbols obtained by multiplying the first symbols by '!'. When inverted symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715 of FIG. 7, the adder 700 adds a Walsh code of length 128 and a sign component QOFsign of a quasiorthogonal sequence of length 128 as shown in FIG. IOC, and provides its output to the adders 710 and 715. The'adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component input symbols, respectively, and the output of the adder 700, and provide their output signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128. Referring to FIG. IOC, the fiist input symbol out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 is added to the Walsh orthogonal code of length 128 and the sign component QOF,jgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128, and then rotatecj according to the phase component QOFro[ of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128. Subsequently, in the same manner, the second input symbol obtained by inverting the first symbol is added to the Walsh orthogonal code of length 128 and the sign component QOFSgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 128. A description will now be made of spreading operation in the 3x direct spreading system not using orthogonal transmit diversity, with reference to FIGS. 7 and 10D. The 3x direct spreading system not using orthogonal transmit diversity uses spreading codes of length 256, shown in FIG. 10D, output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7. In FIG. 7, when the I and Q component symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds a Walsh code of length 256 and a sign component QOFsjgn of a quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256 as shown in FIG. 10D, and provides its output to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component input symbols, respectively, and the output of the adder 700, and provide its output signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. 10D, one input symbol is added to the Walsh orthogonal code of length 256 and the sign component C^OF^ of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Next, a description will be made of spreading operation in the 3x direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity, with reference to FIGS. 7, 10E and 10F, wherein FIGS. 10E and 10F show the timing diagrams for the first and second antennas, respectively. In the first embodiment, the 3x direct spreading system using orthogonal transmit diversity uses the spreading code of length 256, and, with regard to the first antenna, the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 10E. When the first I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715 of FIG. 7, the adder 700 adds a Walsh code of length 256 and a sign component QOFs,gn of a quasiOrthogonal sequence of length 256 as shown in FIG. tOE, and provides its output to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 add the I and Q component input symbols and the output of the adder 700, and provide their output signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrQt of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. When the second I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715 of FIG. 7, the adder 700 adds a Walsh code of length 256 and a sign component QOFSign of a quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256 as shown in FIG. 10E, and provides its output to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 add the I and Q component input symbols and the output of the adder 700, and provide their output signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. 10E, the first input symbol is added to the Walsh orthogonal code of length 256 and the sign component QOF$ign of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Subsequently, in the same manner, the second input symbol is added to the Walsh orthogonal code of length 256 and the sign component QOF.^ of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFro( of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. With regard to the second antenna, the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 10F. When the first I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715 of FIG. 7, the adder 700 adds a Walsh code of length 256 and a sign component QOFjjgn of a quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256 as shown in FIG. 10F, and provides its output to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 add the I and Q component input symbols and the output of the adder 700, and provide their output signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. The second I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 are the inverted symbols obtained by multiplying the first symbols by '!'. When inverted symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715 of FIG. 7, the adder 700 adds a Walsh code of length 256 and a sign component QOFsign of a quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256 as shown in FIG. 10F, and provides its output to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 add the I and Q component input symbols and the output of the adder 700, and provide their output signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. 1 OF, the first input symbol is added to the Walsh orthogonal code of length 256 and the sign component QOFsign of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Subsequently, in the same manner, the inverted symbol obtained by inverting the first symbol is added to the Walsh orthogonal code of length 256 and the sign component QOFsjp, of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. A description will now be made of spreading operation in the 3x multicarrier system with reference to FIGS. 7 and 10G. In the 3x multicarrier system according to the first embodiment, the spreader uses the spreading codes of length 256 for all three carriers, and the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 10G. In FIG. 7, when the I and Q component symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOFgjgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, and provides its output to the adders 710 and 715. Then, the adders 710 and 715 add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, and the output of the adder 700, and provide their outputs to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. 10G, one input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOFjjg,, of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. B. Second Embodiment In the second embodiment, the Ix direct spreading system uses the quasiorthogonal codes of length 256, the 3x direct spreading system uses the quasiorthogonal codes of length 256, and the 3x multicarrier system uses the quasiorthogonal codes of length 256. First, a description will be made of spreading operation in the Ix direct spreading system not using orthogonal transmit diversity, with reference to FIGS. 7 and 11A. The Ix nonOTD direct spreading system according to the second embodiment uses quasiorthogonal spreading codes of length 256, and the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 11 A. In FIG. 7, when the I and Q component symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 128 and the leading 128chip portion of the sign component QOFsjgj, of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 11A, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720, The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the leading 128chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. After this process, when the next I and Q component symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 128 and the following 128chip portion of the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 11 A, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the following 128chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. 11 A, one input symbol is added to the leading 128chip portion of the Walsh code of length 128 and the leading 128chip portion of the sign component QOFsjgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the leading 128chip portion of the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Subsequently, the next input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 128 and the following 128chip portion of the sign component QOF,ign of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the following 128chip portion of the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Next, a description will be made of spreading operation in the Ix OTD direct spreading system, with reference to FIGS. 7, 11B and 11C, wherein FIG. 11B shows a timing diagram for the first antenna and FIG. 11C shows a timing diagram for the second antenna. The Ix OTD direct spreading system according to the second embodiment uses the quasiorthogonal spreading codes of length 256, and the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 1 IB. In FIG. 7, when the first I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 128 and the leading 128chip portion of the sign component QOFjjp, of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 1 IB, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the leading 128chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Thereafter, when the second I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 128 and the following 128chip portion of the sign component QOFjjgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 118, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the following 128chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. 11B, the first input symbol out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 is added to the Walsh code of length 128 and the leading 128chip portion of the sign component QOFjjgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the leading 128chip portion of the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Subsequently, in the same manner, the second input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 128 and the following 128chip portion of the sign component QOFsjgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the following 128chip portion of the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. With regard to the second antenna, the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 11C. When the first I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 128 and the leading 128chip portion of the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasi orthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 11C, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the leading 128chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. The second I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 of FIG. 1 are inverted symbols obtained by inverting the first I and Q component symbols. When the inverted symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 128 and the following 128chip portion of the sign component QOF$jgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 11C, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the following 128chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. 11C, the first input symbol out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 of FIG. 1 is added to the Walsh code of length 128 and the leading 128chip portion of the sign component QOFjjg,, of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the leading 128chip portion of the phase component QOFrot' of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Subsequently, in the same manner, the second input symbol obtained by inverting the first input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 128 and the following 128chip portion of the sign component QOFsjgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the following 128chip portion of the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Further, a description will be made of spreading operation in the 3x nonOTD direct spreading system, with reference to FIGS. 7 and 11D. The 3x nonOTD direct spreading system according to the second embodiment uses the quasiorthogonal spreading codes of length 256, and the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 1 ID. In FIG. 7, when the I and Q component symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOFjign of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 11D, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. 11D, one input symbol is added to the Walsh code of lerigth 256 and the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFTOt of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Next, a description will be made of spreading operation in the 3x OTD direct spreading system with reference to FIGS. 7, HE and 11F, wherein FIG. HE shows a timing diagram of the first antenna and FIG. 11F shows a timing diagram of the second antenna. The 3x OTD direct spreading system according to the second embodiment uses the spreading codes of length 256, and with regard to the first antenna, the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. HE. When the I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOFs,gn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. HE, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the'I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. When the second I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOFsjgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. HE, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. HE, the first input symbol out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 is added to the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOF,jgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Subsequently, in the same manner, the second input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated, according to the phase component QOFTOt of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. With regard to the second antenna, the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 1 IF. When the I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715, respectively, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOFSJgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 11F, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. The second I and Q symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 are the inverted symbols obtained by inverting the first symbols. When the inverted symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, respectively, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 11F, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip inputw signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. 1 IF, the first input symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 of FIG. 1 are added to the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOF,,^ of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Subsequently, in the same manner, the second input symbols obtained by inverting the first symbols are added to the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOF$jgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Next, a description will be made of spreading operation in the 3x multicarrier system, with reference to FIGS. 7 and 11G. The 3x multicarrier system according to the second embodiment uses the spreading codes of length 256 for all the three carriers. The spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 11G. When the I and Q component symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOFsign of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 11G, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the' signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. 11G, one input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOFsign of'the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. C. Third Embodiment In the third embodiment, the Ix direct spreading system uses the quasi orthogonal codes of length 256, the 3x direct spreading system uses the quasi orthogonalcodes of length 512, and the 3x multicarrier system uses the quasi orthogonal codes of length 256. The 3x direct spreading system according to the third embodiment requires a mask function of length 512. In this context, the quasiorthogonal sequences should have (1) a good full correlation property with the Walsh orthogonal codes, (2) a good full correlation property between the quasiorthogonal codes, and (3) a good partial correlation property with the Walsh orthogonal codes, as disclosed in Korean patent application Nos. 99888 and 991339, filed by the applicant. In addition, they should have a good partial correlation property between the quasiorthogonal codes. The invention provides quasiorthogonal codes that satisfy the above conditions. Tables below show quasiorthogonal sequence masks of length 512. More specifically, Tables 1 and 3 show the quasiorthogonal codes expressed in quaternary values, satisfying the above conditions, wherein '0' indicates T, T indicates 'j', '2' indicates '!' and '3' indicates 'j'. Further, Tables 2 and 4 show the quasiorthogonal codes expressed in polar coordinates comprised of the sign component QOFsjgn and the phase component QOFrot> wherein the phase component is equal to a specific Walsh code. Therefore, the respective signals are represented by W,. Table 1 (Table Removed) Table 2(Table Removed) Table 3 (Table Removed) Table 4 (Table Removed) First, a description will be made of spreading operation in the Ix nonOTD direct spreading system, with reference to FIGS. 7 and 12A. The Ix nonOTD direct spreading system according to the third embodiment uses the quasiorthogonal spreading codes of length 256, and the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 12A. In FIG. 7, when the I and Q component symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 128 and the leading 128chip portion of the sign component QOFsign of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 12A, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the leading 128chip portion of the input phase component QOFro, of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. After this process, when the next I and Q component symbols are input to I he adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 128 and the following 128chip portion of the sign component QOFsjgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 12A, and provides the added signals to the udders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals lo the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the following 128chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. 12A, one input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 128 and the leading 128chip portion of the sign component QOFjjgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the leading 128chip portion of the phase component QOF,m of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Subsequently, in the same manner, the next input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 128 and the following 128chip portion of the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the following 128portion of the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Next, a description will be made of spreading operation in the Ix OTD direct spreading system, with reference to FIGS. 7, 12B and 12C, wherein FIG. 12B shows a timing diagram for the first antenna and FIG. 12C shows a timing diagram for the second antenna. The Ix OTD direct spreading system according to the third embodiment uses the quasiorthogonal spreading codes of length 256, and with regard to the first antenna, the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 12B. In FIG. 7, when the first I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 128 and the leading 128chip portion of the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 12B, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the (•signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. "The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the leading 128dvip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Thereafter, when the second I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715, respectively, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 128 and the following 128chip portion of the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 12B, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the following 128chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. 12B, the first input symbol out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 is added to the Walsh code of length 128 and the leading 128chip portion of the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the leading 128chip portion of the phase component QOFrol of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Subsequently, in the same manner, the second input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 128 and the following 128chip portion of the sign component QOFsign of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the following 128chip portion of the phase component QOFro[ of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. With regard to the second antenna, the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 12C. When the first I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715, respectively, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of lenglh 128 and the leading 128chip portion of the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 12C, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the leading 128chip portion of the input phase component QOFrcit of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. The second I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 of FIG. 1 are inverted symbols obtained by inverting the first I and Q component symbols. When the inverted symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 128 and the following 128chip portion of the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 12C, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals i to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 128chip input signals according to the following 128chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FlG. 12C, the first input symbol out of the symbols repeated by the syfnbol repeaters 164 and 166 of FIG. 1 is added to the Walsh code of length 128 and the leading 128chip portion of the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then .rotated according to the leading 128chip portion of the phase component QOFrot' of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Subsequently, in the same manner, the second input symbol obtained by inverting the First input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 128 and the following 128chip portion of the sign component QOFsjgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the following 128chip portion of the phase component QOFroe of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Next, a description will be made of spreading operation in the 3x nonOTD direct spreading system, with reference to FIGS. 7 and 12D. The 3x nonOTD direct spreading system according to the third embodiment uses the quasiorthogonal spreading codes of length 512, and the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 12D. In FIG. 7, when the I and Q component symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, respectively, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 256 and the leading 256chip portion of the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal nequence of length 512, as shown in FIG. 12D, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals 1o the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the leading 256chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512. After this process, when the next I and Q component symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, the adder 700 adds the Walsh.code of length 256 and the following 256chip portion of the sign component QOFjjgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 512, as shown in FIG. 12D, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the following 256chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512. Referring to FIG. 12D, one input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 256 and the leading 256chip portion of the sign component QOFjign of the quasitirthogonal code of length 512, and then rotated according to the leading 256chip portion of the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512. Subsequently, the next input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 256 and the following 256chip portion of the sign component QOFsign of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512, and then rotated according to the following 256portion of the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512. Further, a description will be made of spreading operation in the 3x OTD direct spreading system, with reference to FIGS. 7, 12E and 12F, wherein FIG. 12E shows the timing diagram for the first antenna and FIG; 12F shows the timing diagram for the second antenna. The 3x OTD direct spreading system according to the third embodiment uses the quasiorthogonal spreading codes of length 512. With regard to the first antenna, the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 12E. In FIG. 7, when the I and Q component symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, respectively, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 256 and the leading 256chip portion of the sign component QOFsjgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 512, as shown in FIG. 12E, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then edd the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the leading 256chip portion of the input phase component QOFTOt of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512. When the second I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FIG. 1 are input to the adders 710 and 715, respectively, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 256 and thefollowing 256chip portion of the sign component QOF,jgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 512, as shown in FIG. 12E, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the following 256chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512. Referring to FIG. 12E, the first input symbol out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 160 and 162 of FlG. 1 is added to the Walsh code of length 256 and the leading 256chip portion of the sign component QOFs;gn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512, and then rotated according to the leading 256chip portion of the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512. Subsequently, in the same manner, the second input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 256 and the following 256chip portion of the sign component QOFsjg,, of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512, and then rotated according to the following 256chip portion of the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512. With regard to the second antenna, the spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 12F. When the I and Q component symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 of FIG. 1 are input t.o the adders 710 and 715, respectively, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 'I'i6 and the leading 256chip portion of the sign component QOFSjgn of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 512, as shown in FIG. 12F, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the leading 256chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512. The second I and Q symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 are the inverted symbols obtained by inverting the first symbols. When the inverted symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, respectively, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 256 and the following 256chip portion of the sign component QOFsign of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 512, as shown in FIG. 12F, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the following 256chip portion of the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512. Referring to FIG. 12F, the first input symbols out of the symbols repeated by the symbol repeaters 164 and 166 of FIG. 1 are added to the Walsh code of length 256 and the leading 256chip portion of the sign component QOFsjgn of the quasiorthogohal code of length 512, and then rotated according to the leading 256chip portion of the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512. Subsequently, in the same manner, the second input symbols obtained by inverting the first symbols are added to the Walsh code of length 256 and the following 256chip portion of the sign component QOF5jgn of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512, and (hen rotated according to the following 256chip portion, of the phase component QOFro, of the quasiorthogonal code of length 512. Next, a description will be made of spreading operation in the 3x multicarrier system, with reference to FIGS. 7 and 12G. The 3x multicarrier system according to the third embodiment uses the spreading codes of length 256 for all the three carriers. The spreading codes output from the rotator 720 of FIG. 7 are shown in FIG. 12G. When the I and Q component symbols are input to the adders 710 and 715, respectively, the adder 700 adds the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOFsign of the quasiorthogonal sequence of length 256, as shown in FIG. 12G, and provides the added signals to the adders 710 and 715. The adders 710 and 715 then add the I and Q component symbols, respectively, to the signals output from the adder 700, and provide the added signals to the rotator 720. The rotator 720 then rotates the 256chip input signals according to the input phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. Referring to FIG. 12G, one input symbol is added to the Walsh code of length 256 and the sign component QOFsign of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256, and then rotated according to the phase component QOFrot of the quasiorthogonal code of length 256. As described above, the novel device and method can minimize interference between the spreading codes in the OTD direct spreading system and multicarrier .system. Particularly, when overlay occurs at a certain carrier in the multicarrier system, it is possible to minimize the interference between Ix user and the 3x user. While the invention has been shown and described with reference to a certain preferred embodiment thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims. WE CLAIM 1. A channel spreading method in a CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) communication system which spreads a pair of symbols obtained by repeating a first symbol with a quasiorthogonal code having a given length to transmit the spread symbols through a first antenna and spreads a second symbol and an inverted symbol of said second symbol obtained by repeating said second symbol with said quasiorthogonal code to transmit the spread symbols through a second antenna at the same time, the method comprising the steps of : spreading one of said pair of symbols obtained by repeating said first symbol with a portion of said quasiorthogonal code and spreading another symbol of said pair of symbols with a remaining portion of said quasiorthogonal code; and spreading the second symbol with a portion of said quasiorthogonal code and spreading said inverted symbol of said second symbol with the remaining portion of said quasiorthogonal code. duplicating an input symbol to create a first pair of symbols; matching the input symbol with its complement to create a second pair of symbols. 2. The channel spreading method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the quasi orthogonal code spreading step has the step of mixing one symbol with a chip signal of a first half period of the quasiorthogonal code and mixing another symbol with a chip signal of a second half period of the quasiorthogonal code, so as to spread two symbols for duration of one quasiorthogonal code. 3. The channel spreading method as claimed in claim 2, having the steps of: generating a mask index and a Walsh code index corresponding to an input index for generating the quasiorthogonal code; generating a mask for the quasiorthogonal code corresponding to the mask index, and generating a Walsh code corresponding to the Walsh code index; and outputting, as the quasiorthogonal code, a quasiorthogonal code generated by mixing a mask for the generated second quasiorthogonal code with the Walsh code. 4. The channel spreading method as claimed in claim 1, having the steps of: spreading one of the first pair of symbols with a third quasiorthogonal code and spreading the other symbol of the first pair of symbols with the third quasiorthogonal code; and spreading one of the second pair of symbols with a fourth quasiorthogonal code and spreading the other symbol of the second pair of symbols with the fourth quasiorthogonal code. 5. The channel spreading method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first and second quasiorthogonal codes are the same or different. 6. The channel spreading method as claimed in claim 1, wherein one of the first pair of symbols is spread by a portion of the first quasiorthogonal code and other of the first pair of symbols is spread by the remaining portion of the first quasiorthogonal code. 7. The channel spreading method as claimed in claim 1, wherein one of the second pair of symbols is spread by a portion of the second quasiorthogonal code and other of the second pair of symbols is spread by the remaining portion of the second quasiorthogonal code. 8. A channel spreading device in a CDMA communication system having first and second antennas to perform an orthogonal transmit diversity function, comprising: a first transmitter having a first spreader for spreading a pair of symbols obtained by repeating a first symbol with a quasiorthogonal code having a given length to transmit the spread symbols through a first antenna, spreading one of said pair of symbols with a portion of said quasiorthogonal code and spreading another symbol of said pair of symbols with a remaining portion of said quasi orthogonal code; and a second transmitter having a second spreader for spreading a second symbol and an inverted symbol of said second symbol obtained by repeating said second symbol with said quasiorthogonal code to transmit the spread symbols through a second antenna, spreading said second symbol with a portion of said quasiorthogonal code and spreading said inverted symbol of said second symbol with the remaining portion of said quasiorthogonal code. 9. The channel spreading device as claimed in claim 4, wherein each of the first and second spreaders mixes one symbol with a chip signal of a first half period of the quasiorthogonal code and mixes another symbol with a chip signal of second half period of the quasiorthogonal code, so as to spread two symbols for duration of one quasiorthogonal code. 10. The channel spreading device as claimed in claim 5, comprising: a controller for generating a mask index and a Walsh c ode index corresponding to an input index for generating the second quasiorthogonal code; a mask generator for generating a mask for the second quasiorthogonal code corresponding to the mask index; a Walsh code generator for generating a Walsh code corresponding to the Walsh code index; and a spreading code generator for outputting, as the quasiorthogonal code, the second quasiorthogonal code generated by mixing a mask for the generated second quasiorthogonal code with the Walsh code. 11. A channel spreading method in a CDMA ( Code Device Multiple Access) communication system substantially as herein described with reference to the foregoing description, tables and the accompanying drawings. 12. A channel spreading device in a CDMA communication system substantially as herein described with reference to the foregoing description, tables and the accompanying drawings. 

inpct20010693delabstract.pdf
inpct20010693delclaims.pdf
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inpct20010693delcorrespondencepo.pdf
inpct20010693deldescription (complete).pdf
inpct20010693deldrawings.pdf
inpct20010693delform1.pdf
inpct20010693delform19.pdf
inpct20010693delform2.pdf
inpct20010693delform3.pdf
inpct20010693delform5.pdf
inpct20010693delpct101.pdf
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inpct20010693delpetition137.pdf
Patent Number  211349  

Indian Patent Application Number  IN/PCT/2001/00693/DEL  
PG Journal Number  45/2007  
Publication Date  09Nov2007  
Grant Date  26Oct2007  
Date of Filing  03Aug2001  
Name of Patentee  SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.  
Applicant Address  416, MAETANDONG, PALDALGU, SUWONSHI, 442370 KYUNGKIDO, REPUBLIC OF KOREA.  
Inventors:


PCT International Classification Number  H04B 1/69  
PCT International Application Number  PCT/KR00/00084  
PCT International Filing date  20000207  
PCT Conventions:
