|Title of Invention||
"DEVICE FOR FORMING THE SHED IN A WEAVING LOOM OF JACQUARD TYPE"
|Abstract||"Device for forming the shed in a weaving loom of Jacquard type" Device for forming the shed in a weaving loom of Jacquard type, said device comprising at least one electric rotary actuator, characterized in that said actuatr (10) is adapted to drive in rotation (R) at least one pinion (21; 71) in mesh with a rack (22; 72) connected by an effort transmission element (24; 74) to at least one heddle (3; 53).|
|Full Text||The present invention relates to a device for forming the shed in a weaving loom of Jacquard type.
In weave systems of Jacquard type, it is known to drive, in phase opposition, two frames each bearing a multiplicity of griffes or horizontal knives adapted to vertically displace the hooks connected to the harness cords by a pulley or block and tackle mechanism.
It is also known, for example by EP-A-0 933 456, to use a pulley controlled by an electrical rotary actuator for winding a funicular element more or less in order to alternately displace the heddles of a Jacquard loom. This state of the art functions satisfactorily, but involves the use of a large number of electrical actuators insofar as the heddles are controlled individually or in small numbers by each actuator. If a number of heddles are controlled by the same actuator, the relative angle of inclination of the harness cords connected to these heddles must be relatively small in order to limit the efforts of friction, which imposes the positioning of the actuators and may, in certain configurations, lead to a considerable space requirement for the device. A weave system using this type of device is known from EP-A-1 069 218.
It is an object of the invention to propose an alternative solution to those known from the state of the art, which enables a large number of warp yams to be controlled, in a reduced space requirement and with a number of actuators
that may be less than that of known systems, which is advantageous in terms of cost and reliability.
To that end, the invention relates to a device for forming the shed in a weaving loom of Jacquard type, comprising at least one electrical rotary actuator. This device is characterized in that this actuator is adapted to drive in rotation at least one pinion in mesh with a rack connected, by an effort transmission element, to at least one heddle.
Thanks to the invention, the pinion/gear link makes it possible to transform the movement of rotation of the output shaft of the actuator into a movement of oscillations used for displacing a heddle with respect to the picks. According to a first advantageous aspect of the invention, the actuator is adapted to drive in rotation a plurality of racks distributed along the longitudinal direction of an output shaft of the actuator. This makes it possible to control a relatively large number of heddles thanks to a single actuator, hence a significant saving of space for the equipment of a conventional weaving loom which may include more than 10 000 warp yarns. In that case, the spaced apart relationship of the racks in the direction of the output shaft of the actuator and/or the number of these racks driven by this actuator, may be adjustable, which makes it possible to adapt the geometrical distribution of the heddles and/or their number to the desired weaves. In addition, the drive pinions of the racks may be adapted to slide with reduced clearance in the longitudinal direction of the or each shaft, the shafts and the pinions presenting complementary profiles, splined or equivalent, which allows connection thereof in rotation.
According to another advantageous aspect of the invention, means for synchronising the racks in mesh with the pinions driven with the same actuator
comprise an elastic element adapted to limit the stroke of the rack to a position beyond which its toothing would be disconnected from that of the pinion associated therewith, with the result that, by a sufficient rotation of the output shaft of the actuator, the racks are aligned with respect to one another. This elastic element makes it possible to stop the movement of the rack at the level of its top dead centre and/or of its bottom dead centre, by exerting thereon an effort of taking-up of clearance between the toothing of the rack and the toothing of the pinion while, if the pinion tends to push the rack beyond the top dead centre and bottom dead centre position, the toothings in mesh may escape from one another. This makes it possible rapidly and precisely to align the different racks driven by the same actuator. This elastic element may be provided with an end adapted to bear against at least one stop formed on the rack. In that case, the rack may be provided with a longitudinal groove for slidably receiving the second end of the tongue.
According to a first advantageous embodiment of the invention, the effort transmission element may be a semi-rigid rod, this allowing a positive control of the associated heddle or heddles. hi that case, this rod may slide in a guide sheath, which makes it possible to distribute the heddles driven by the same output shaft in accordance with the weave pattern to be made, without strict limitation on the angles of inclination of the kinematic control chain of the heddles. The rod is advantageously made of synthetic material based on epoxy carbon.
According to another advantageous embodiment of the invention, the effort transmission element may be a supple funicular element, of harness cord
type. This makes it possible to control the lifting of each heddle, a return spring being associated with each heddle to exert thereon a downwardly directed effort.
According to another advantageous aspect of the invention, the device, which comprises electrical rotary actuators arranged in rows and columns above the loom, is characterized in that these actuators are arranged so that their respective output shafts are substantially parallel to one another, preferably substantially parallel to the direction of the weft yarns of the loom, and in that each output shaft is adapted to drive a plurality of pinions each in mesh with a rack kinematically linked to at least one heddle for controlling a warp yarn. This aspect of the invention makes it possible to control a large number of warp yarns in a reduced space and with a number of actuators that may be less than that of the known systems, which is advantageous in terms of cost and reliability. The arrangement of the output shafts of the electrical rotary actuators makes it possible to juxtapose drive pinions in the direction of the geometrical axis of these shafts. A plurality of heddles may thus be efficiently controlled over the width of the loom, with the same actuator, this avoiding multiplying the actuators. The pinions may be positioned along the shafts so that the effort transmission elements present paths which are the least curved or angular possible. In this way, the transmission of effort is more direct. The following arrangements may, in addition, be provided: - The actuators are distributed on plates immobilized with respect to the superstructure of the loom and disposed substantially parallel to the warp yarns. In that case, the actuators are advantageously distributed in two groups each supported by a plate,
the output shafts of the actuators extending, in essence, in a volume defined between these plates. This construction is particularly compact and makes it posible to implant the shafts of the actuators with high density without the transverse dimensions of the actuators creating a hindrance at that level.
- A plurality of pinions driven by parallel shafts and distinct from the device are integrated, with the corresponding racks, in a sub-assembly extending substantially in a direction perpendicular to these shafts. Such a sub-assembly makes it possible to manipulate at the same time a plurality of couples of pinions and racks, which facilitates the operations of assembly and of maintenance of the device and allows a precise positioning of the elements of the kinematic chain. Such a sub-assembly advantageously comprises pinions and racks whose number corresponds to the number of actuators of a row of actuators. Each sub-assembly may be provided to comprise a common casing provided with openings for passage of the shafts and with housings for receiving the pinions and racks.
- A perforated board is immobilized with respect to the superstructure of the loom, in the vicinity of the actuators, while a comber board is arranged in the vicinity of the heddles, the effort transmission elements between the associated racks and heddles each following a path defined by openings respectively made in said perforated board and said comber board. In that case, the effort transmission elements are advantageously semi-rigid rods adapted to slide in sheaths whose ends are respectively immobilized in or in the vicinity of the afore-mentioned openings.
The invention also relates to a weaving loom equipped with a shed forming device such as
described hereinbefore. This loom is simpler to use and maintain than the looms of the prior art.
The invention will be more readily understood on reading the following description of two forms of embodiment of a shed forming device and loom in accordance with its principle, given solely by way of example and made with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a schematic view in perspective of part of a shed forming device in accordance with a first form of embodiment of the invention. Figure 2 is a section along line II-II in Figure 1. Figure 3 is an exploded perspective view of a module of the device of Figures 1 and 2.
Figure 4 is a view in perspective of a part of the device of Figures 1 and 2 incorporating a plurality of modules such as that of Figure 3.
Figure 5 is a schematic view in perspective of a loom according to the invention, incorporating the device of Figures 1 to 4.
Figure 6 is a view in perspective of a part of the loom of Figure 5, and Figure 7 is a view similar to Figure 2, for a device in accordance with a second form of embodiment of the invention.
The electrical rotary actuator 1 shown in Figure 1 is a servo-motor provided with a splined output shaft 11 of which X-X1 denotes the longitudinal geometric axis. This axis is parallel to the direction D of the weft yarns of the weaving loom.
In the vicinity of the actuator 1 there are disposed other actuators 1' of the same type which are shown in dashed and dotted lines
in Figure 1 and of which the output shafts (not shown) are parallel to shaft 11.
On the shaft 11 are mounted a plurality of identical modules 2 which each comprise a pinion 21 disposed around the shaft 11 and provided with a central opening allowing it to cooperate with the splines of this shaft in order to be driven in rotation about axis X-X1. The modules 2 may slide with reduced clearance on the corresponding shaft 11. Each module 2 also comprises a rectilinear rack 22 substantially parallel to an axis Z-Z1 inclined with respect to the horizontal when the loom M is in normal configuration of use.
Each module 2 also comprises a unitary casing 23 in which the pinion 21 is mounted to rotate freely, while the rack 22 may slide, in its longitudinal direction, in a groove 43, made between a module 2 and an adjacent module 2', and obturated by a finishing plate 44.
e denotes the distance along axis X-X1 between two adjacent modules 2 mounted on the shaft 11. Figure 1 shows that this distance is not necessarily constant. In addition, taking into account the geometry of the shaft 11 which is splined over the whole of its length, the modules 2 may be displaced parallel to axis X-X1, which makes it possible to vary the values of the distance e. It will also be understood that it is possible to add or to eliminate modules 2 on or from the shaft 11.
At the level of its lower end 22a, each rack 22 is fast with the upper end 24a of a rod 24 made of epoxy carbon. The elements 22 and 24 may be glued or welded together, or fixed by any other appropriate means. The rod 24 is a semi-rigid element whose lower end 24b is fixed
to a heddle 3 provided with a mail 31 for passage of a warp yarn 4.
The rod 24 is adapted to exert, on the heddle 3 associated therewith, an upward effort of traction F1 and a downward effort of thrust F'l, with the result that the heddle 3 is controlled positively by the rod 24 without the need to use a return spring.
The rod 24 may be made of other materials compatible with its function. For example, it may be made of reinforced plastics material, steel or glass fibers.
The loom M shown in Figure 5 comprises a beam 101 and a reel 102 between which the warp yarns 4 of the loom circulate.
D denotes the direction of the picks on the loom M, i.e. the direction of the weft yarns.
The loomM also comprises a chassis 104 supporting the elements 101 and 102 and a system (not shown) for passage of the picks.
The chassis 104 extends in a superstructure 105 disposed above the principal part of the loom M and supporting a shed forming device 110 and the perforated board 5.
This device is distributed in two units 110A and HOB mounted independently on the superstructure 105.
The unit 110A is shown partially in Figure 6. It comprises two plates 111 and 112 between which is defined a volume V. On each plate 111 or 112 there are mounted electrical rotary actuators 1 whose output shafts 11 extend, through the plate 111 or 112, in the volume V. For greater clarity of the drawing, only a part of the shafts 11 appears in Figure 6.
The plates 111 and 112 and the actuators 1 are arranged in the superstructure 105 in such a manner that
the shafts 11, which are parallel to one another, are also substantially parallel to the direction D of the picks.
The actuators 1 are arranged in rows and in columns on plates 111 and 112.
In the example shown, the plate 111 supports six rows of eight actuators 1 which form eight columns. The plate 112 bears five rows of actuators likewise forming eight columns.
In Figure 6, only a part of the device has been shown and three rows RI to R3 can be identified, of which five actuators are visible and form five columns C1 to C5 on the plate 111, while two rows R4 and R5 of actuators forming five columns C'1 to C'5 are visible on plate 112.
The axis X-X' is parallel to the direction D and perpendicular to an axis Y-Y' along which rows Rj to R5 extend and to an axis Z-Z1 along which columns C1 to C5 and C'1 to C'5 extend.
In Figure 5, only a few sheaths 25 have been shown between the units 110A and 110B, on the one hand, and the proximity of the zone of passage of the picks, on the other hand. This aims at simplifying the drawing. In practice, numerous sheaths 25 are used in place of a conventional harness and Jacquard loom.
The different modules 2 intended to cooperate with the shafts 11 of the actuators 1 of row RI are integrated in a sub-assembly 40 shown in partially exploded perspective in Figure 4. This sub-assembly 40 extends substantially in a direction parallel to axis Y-Y' and comprises eight modules 10. It is formed by a one-piece casing 41 of plastics material constituting a plurality of unitary casings 23 and in which are formed housings 42 for receiving the pinions 21 and grooves 43 for slide of the racks 22.
The closure plate 44 of the sub-assembly 40 is shown removed in Figure 4. Openings 45 and 46 for passage of the shafts 11 are respectively provided in the casing 41 and in the plate 44.
In this way, the eight modules 20 intended to be driven by the actuators of row RI may be positioned on the corresponding shafts 11, in groups, by manipulating the sub-assembly 40. Positioning along the axis X-X' of these different shafts may likewise be adjusted in groups, which represents a considerable saving of time when constructing the device 10.
In Figure 6, only a few sub-assemblies 40 have been shown in order to render the drawing clearer. Similarly, certain shafts 11 have been omitted for clarity of the drawing. However, it will be understood that a large number of such sub-assemblies may be provided between the plates 111 and 112 as a function of the weave to be made.
As is more particularly visible in Figure 1, each rod 24 is disposed inside a guiding sheath 25 which extends between a perforated board 5 and a comber board 6 respectively provided with orifices 5a and 6a for receiving and immobilizing the upper (25a) and lower (25b) ends of the sheaths 25. The geometry of the sheaths 25 between the board 5 and the board 6 is variable and adapted to the desired weave. In particular, the distance d between two lower ends 25b of sheath 25, at the level of the board 6, is not necessarily equal to the distance d1 betweeen two upper ends 25a of sheath 25, at the level of the board 5, this distance d' itself being substantially equal to the distance e between the modules 2 on the shaft 11. In effect, it is possible to cause the rods 24 to follow different paths by shaping the sheaths 25 differently. The sheaths 25 corresponding to
rods controlled by the same shaft 11 are preferably, but not necessarily, aligned t the level of the board 6, as is seen in Figure 1.
In practice, the ends 25a and 25b of the sheaths 25 are immobilized in the vicinity of the orifices 5a and 6a, the sheaths 25 being able to project above the board 5 and below the board 6.
A considerable versatility is therefore offered to the user of the loom and, by playing on the distribution of the sheaths 25 in space, various weaves can be obtained with a particularly compact loom.
In each casing 23 there is provided a housing 23a for receiving a first end 26a of an elastic tongue 26 whose second end 26b is free with respect to the casing 23. This end 26b is intended to be engaged in a longitudinal groove 22b of a rack 22 of an adjacent module 2. The groove 22b extends towards the rack 22 opposite its toothing 22c.
In this way, the end 26b of the tongue 26 may slide in the groove 22b. In addition, the tongue 26 may come into abutment against a stop 22d provided in the lower part of the groove 22b, as shown in the left-hand side of Figure 2. In that case, the rack 22 is in top dead centre position, in the same way as the rod 24 and the heddle 3 associated therewith.
If the actuator controlling the shaft 11 shown on the left of Figure 2 transmits to the pinion 21 an effort of rotation R in the trigonometric sense in this Figure, the tongue 26 opposes an additional upward movement of the rack 22 and the toothing 21c of the pinion 21 escapes from the toothing 22c, the tongue 26 tending to permanently return toothing 22c into mesh with toothing 21c.
This construction makes it possible to adjust at the same time the top dead centres of the different racks 22 driven by the same actuator 1, insofar as it suffices to cause the corresponding shaft 11 to rotate until all the toothings 22c of the racks escape the toothings 21c of the pinions, while the racks are in abutment against the elastic tongues associated therewith.
In a variant, this tongue might be provided to cooperate with a stop (not shown) arranged in the vicinity of the upper part of the groove 22b, this allowing the adjustment of the bottom dead centre of the stroke of the racks. In the second form of embodiment of the invention shown in Figure 7, elements similar to those of the first form of embodiment bear identical references increased by 50. In this embodiment, the modules 52 comprise pinions 71 associated with racks 72 connected to harness cords 74 for controlling the heddles 53. The harness cords 74 make it possible to exert an upward effort of traction F1 on the heddles 53, while the return springs 77 enable a downwardly directed effort to be exerted on these heddles.
The springs 77 can allow a synchronisation of the different racks driven by the same shaft 61, by performing a role similar to that of the tongues of the first embodiment.
This second embodiment presents the particular advantage of being usable with a conventional Jacquard harness, a known perforated board and comber board.
The invention has been represented with each effort transmission element 24 or 74 connected to a single heddle 3
or 53. However, it is possible to control a plurality of heddles with such an element.
The invention has been shown with the shafts 11 and 61 of the actuators 1 substantially parallel to direction D of the weft yarns. This is not obligatory, as it is possible to make use of the flexible nature of the effort transmission means 24 and 74.
Whenever reference is made to an output shaft, this is understood to mean any shaft driven by an actuator, whether it be in direct engagement therewith or through a reduction gear. The output shaft may be aligned or non-aligned with the geometric axis of the rotating part of the actuator, the possible reduction gear being able to perform the role of a bevel gear.
The invention has been represented with pinions added on the output shafts of the actuators. It is also applicable with an actuator provided with an output shaft whose transverse section is such that it may engage directly with one or more racks, this shaft itself thus constituting one or more pinions within the meaning of the present invention. In other words, in the case of such a shaft meshing with a plurality of racks, it forms a succession of pinions attached to one another.
The invention has been represented with actuators arranged above the heddles and the shed. However, it is applicable to the case of the actuators being placed below the heddles and the shed, which facilitates access to the shed and reduces space requirement.
1. Device for forming the shed in a weaving loom of Jacquard type,
said device comprising at least one electric rotary actuator,
characterized in that said actuator (1) is adapted to drive in rotation
(R) at least one pinion (21; 71) in mesh with a rack (22; 72) connected
by an effort transmission element (24; 74) to at least one heddle (3;
2. Device as claimed in claim 1, wherein said actuator is adapted
to drive in rotation a plurality of racks (22; 72) distributed along the
longitudinal direction (X-X1) of an output shaft (11; 61) of said
3. Device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the distance (e) between
said racks (22; 72) in said direction (X-X1) and/or the number of racks
driven by said actuator (1) are adjustable.
4. Device as claimed in one of claims 2 or 3, wherein the drive
pinions (21; 71) of said racks (22; 72) are adapted to slide with
reduced clearance along the longitudinal direction (X-X1) of said shaft
(11; 61), and in that said shaft and said pinions present
complementary profiles, splined or equivalent.
5. Device as claimed in one of claims 2 to 4, wherein it comprises
means for synchronising the racks (22; 72) in mesh with the pinions
(21; 71) driven by the same actuator (1), said synchronising means
comprising an elastic element (26; 77) adapted to limit the stroke of
the rack to a position beyond which its toothing (22c) would be
disconnected from the toothing (21c) of the pinion associated
6. Device as claimed in claim 5, wherein said elastic element (26)
is provided with an end (26b) adapted to abut against a stop (22d)
formed on the corresponding rack (22).
7. Device as claimed in claim 6, wherein said rack (22) is provided
with a longitudinal groove (22b) for receiving said second end (26b) of
said element (26) and slide thereof.
8. Device as claimed in one of the preceding claims, wherein said
effort transmission element is a semi-rigid rod (24).
9. Device as claimed in claim 8, wherein said rod (24) is adapted to
slide in a guiding sheath (25).
10. Device as claimed in one of claims 8 or 9, wherein said rod (24)
is made of synthetic material, based on epoxy carbon.
11. Device as claimed in one of claims 1 to 7, wherein said effort
transmission element is a supple funicular element (74), of harness
12. Device as claimed in one of the preceding claims, wherein it
comprises electrical rotary actuators arranged in rows and/or in
columns above the loom, in that said actuators (1) are disposed so
that their respective output shafts (11) are substantially parallel to
one another, preferably substantially parallel to the direction (D) of the weft yarns of the loom (M), and in that each output shaft is adapted to drive a plurality of pinions (21) each in mesh with a rack (22) kinematically connected to at least one heddle (3) for controlling a warp yarn (4).
13. Device as claimed in claim 12, wherein said actuators (11) are
distributed on plates (111, 112) immobilized with respect to the
superstructure (105) of the loom (M) and arranged substantially
parallel to the warp yarns (4).
14. Device as claimed in claim 13, wherein said actuators (1) are
distributed in two groups (R1-R3, R4-R5) each supported by a plate
(111, 112), the output shafts (11) of said actuators extending, in
essence, in a volume (V) defined between said plates.
15 Device as claimed in one of claims 12 to 14, wherein a plurality of pinions (15) driven by parallel and distinct shafts (11) are integrated, with the corresponding racks (22), in a sub-assembly (40) extending substantially in a direction (Y-Y1) perpendicular to said shafts.
16. Device as claimed in claim 15, wherein said sub-assembly (40)
comprises pinions (21) and racks (22) in a number corresponding to
the number of actuators of a row (R1-R5).
17. Device as claimed in one of claims 15 or 16, wherein each sub-
assembly (40) comprises a common casing (41) provided with
openings (45) for passage of said shafts (11) and with housings (42,
43) for receiving said pinions (21) and said racks (22).
18. Device as claimed in one of the preceding claims, wherein it
comprises a perforated board (5) immobilized with respect to the
superstructure (105) of the loom (M), in the proximity of said
actuators (1), and a comber board (6) disposed in the proximity of the
heddles (3), and in that said elements (24; 74) for transmitting effort
between said racks (22; 72) and the heddles (3) associated therewith each follow a path defined by openings (5a, 6a) made respectively in said two boards.
19. Device as claimed in one of the preceding claims, wherein said
actuator (1) is arfanged below said heddles (3; 53) and below the shed
20. Device as claimed in one of claims 1 to 3 and 5 to 19, wherein
said pinion is formed by the output shaft of said actuator or a part of
21. Weaving loom (M), wherein it comprises a shed forming device
(1-7; 52-77) as claimed in one of the preceding claims.
|Indian Patent Application Number||02090/DELNP/2003|
|PG Journal Number||51/2007|
|Date of Filing||12-Apr-2003|
|Name of Patentee||STAUBLI LYON|
|Applicant Address||31 RUE DES FRERES LUMIERES, F-69680 CHASSIEU, FRANCE.|
|PCT International Classification Number||D03C 3/20|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/FR02/002267|
|PCT International Filing date||2002-06-28|