|Title of Invention||
SILKY FEEL COSMETIC COMPOSITION
|Abstract||A cosmetic is provided which includes a high level of glycerin, a co-polymer which is preferably a C10-C18 acrylates crosspolymer, and a crystalline gel structurant comprising a surfactant and co-surfactant, the structurant having an enthalpy ranging from 2 to 15 joule per gram, wherein the composition has a normal force of from +5 to +50 grams thereby achieving a silky sensory feel on skin, the glycerin to co-polymer being present in a weight ratio ranging from 350:1 to 10:1. Advantageously, the composition has a SkiCon Value ranging from 10 to 80.|
|Full Text||FORM - 2
THE PATENTS ACT, 1970
(39 of 1970)
The Patent Rules, 2003
COMPLETE SPECIFICATION (See Section 10 and Rule 13)
SILKY FEEL COSMETIC COMPOSITION"
HINDUSTAN LEVERL LIMITED, a company incorporated under the Indian Companies Act, 1913 and having its registered office at Hindustan Lever House, 165/166, Backbay Reclamation, Mumbai - 400 020, Maharashtra, India
The following specification particularly describes the invention and the manner in which it is to be performed,
SILKY FEEL COSMETIC EMOLSION CHASSIS
The invention concerns a cosmetic emulsion base with silky
5 Aesthetics are an important attribute of a cosmetic lotion or cream. Consumers" judgement of such products is significantly determined by the aesthetics of skinfeel.
Similar to different models of an automobile, cosmetic products often use a common chassis as a base formulation. 10 Product line variants such as moisturizing, anti-aging,
herbal-and sunscreen formulations usually dose the featured variant additive at levels of less than 5% into a chassis. Manufacture costs are reduced through use of a chassis system.
15 The difficulty has been to devise a chassis with the appropriate skinfeel aesthetics. Furthermore, it is desirable to include high levels of glycerin for moisturization. This presents a challenge for thickening and emulsifying agents to overcome the negative feel of
U.S. 2002/0131946 Al (Pham et al.) discloses non-sticky cosmetic moisturizing compositions based on glycerin and polymeric wetting agents, one of which is described as
Pemulen® TR2. Other than removing stickiness, there is no
25 disclosure that these compositions impart any-particular skinfeel advantage.
There is a need for a cosmetic concentrate chassis which delivers a silky skinfeel which can. be formulated with a variety of actives and promotional ingredients. Still another need is to provide a concentrate with exceptional aesthetics and that imparts a high level of moisturization when applied to the body.
Thus, according to a first aspect of the invention, there is provided a cosmetic composition which includes: (i) from 10 to 50% by weight of glycerin; (ii) from 0.1 to 10% by weight of a co-polymer formed from a major portion of a monoolefinically unsaturated carboxyiic acid or anhydride monomer of 3 to 6 carbon atoms and a minor portion of a
ClO"C22 acrylate or methacrylate ester monomer; (iii) from about 1% to about 30% of a crystalline gel structurant comprising a surfactant and co-surfactant irTan amount and type exhibiting an enthalpy as measured by Differential Scanning Calorimetry ranging from about 2 to about 15 Joule per gram, and wherein the composition has a normal force of from about +5 to about +50 grams thereby achieving a silky sensory feel on skin, the glycerin to co-polymer being present in a weight ... ratio ranging from about 350:1 to about 10:1; the crystalline gel structurant being anionic or nonionic;
when anionic the surfactant comprising a C10-C22 fatty acid and a salt of the fatty acid, the fatty acid and salt"being present in a ratio from 100:1
to 1:100 and co-surfactaht comprising a C10-C22
- 3 -
fatty alcohol and a C1-C200 ester of a C10-C22 fatty acid, the alcohol and ester being present in a weight ratio from 100:1 to 1:100; and
when nonionic the surfactant comprising a C1-C200
ester of a C10-C22 fatty acid and the co-surfactant
comprising a mixture of C10-C22 fatty alcohol, a
glyceryl ester of C10-C22 fatty acid and a C10-C22 unesterified fatty acid.
Cosmetic compositions of the present invention are provided with a tnoisturization effective amount of glycerine, which also is known as glycerol in the art. Amounts of glycerin range from about 10% to about 50%, preferably from 12% to 35%, optimally from 15% to 30% by weight of the composition.
Another component of compositions according to the present invention -is that of an emulsifying or non-emulsifying co¬polymer. The co-polymer is formed from a carboxylic monomer in an amount from about 50% to 99% by weight and a long chain acrylate ester in an amount from about 1% to 50% by weight of the composition. Amounts of the carboxylic monomer and the acrylate ester are based on the combined weight of both components. It should be understood that more than one carboxylic monomer and more than one acrylate ester can be used in the monomer charge.
- 3A -
Co-polymers of this invention can be prepared from a monomeric mixture -which contains two essential monomeric ingredients, each in certain proportions, one being a monomeric olefinically-unsaturated carboxylic monomer of 3 to 6 carbon atoms and the other being an acrylic ester having a long chain aliphatic group. Optionally, there is included in the monomeric mixture a crosslinking monomer. Amount of- the carboxylic monomer is generally in a major proportion, whereas the acrylic ester is used in a minor proportion. In a preferred embodiment, amount of the carboxylic monomer is 80% to 99%, but especially 90% to 98% by weight, whereas amount of the co-monomer is from 20% down to 1%, especially 10% down to 2% by weight, based on the weight of the two monomers.
The co-polymers of a carboxylic monomer and an acrylic ester having a long chain aliphatic group can have polymerized
therein a minor proportion of a lower alkyl ester of-.acrylic acid, such as ethyl acrylate, in amount of 0% to 40% by weight, preferably 5% to 30%, based on the total monomer
5 The carboxyiic monomers useful in the production of the co¬polymers of this invention are the olefinically-unsaturated carboxyiic acids containing at least one activated carbon-to-carbon olefinic double bond, and at least one carboxyl group; that is, an acid containing an olefinic double bond 10 which readily functions in polymerization because of its presence in the monomer molecule either in the alpha-beta position with respect to a carboxyl group, or as a part of a terminal methylene grouping. The anhydrides can also be used, especially maleic anhydride.
15 The preferred carboxyiic monomers for use in the co-polymer are the monoolefinic acrylic acids having the general
wherein R is a substituent selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxyl, lactone, lactam, the cyanogen (-C-N) groups, monovalent alkyl radicals, monovalent alkaryl radicals and monovalent cycloaliphatic radicals. Of this 25 class, acrylic acid itself is most preferred because of its
generally lower cost, ready availability, and ability to form superior polymers. Another particularly preferred carboxyiic monomer is maleic anhydride.
The preferred acrylic ester monomers having long chain aliphatic groups are derivatives of acrylic acid having the formula:
wherein R is selected from hydrogen, methyl and ethyl
groups, and R is selected from alkyl groups having from 8
to 30 carbon atoms and oxyalkene and carbonyloxyalkylene groups, preferably alkyl groups of 10 to 22 carbon atoms. 10 The oxyalkene and carbonyloxalkylene groups are particularly oxyethylene and carbonyloxyethylene groups- Representative higher alkyl acrylic esters are decyl acrylate, lauryl acrylate, stearyl acrylate, behenyl acrylate and myristyl acrylate, and the corresponding methacrylates.
15 The modified polymers described herein, when tested in the form of 0.2% aqueous mucilages, have viscosity of 100 to 50,000 cps, preferably 250 to 40,000 cps and especially 500 to 35,000 cps. In the form of 1.0%, aqueous mucilages they have viscosity of 1,000 to 100,000 cps, preferably 2,000 to
20 90,000 cps, and especially 2,500 to 85,000 cps. These viscosities are measured using the Brookfield RVT Model Viscometer at spindle speed of 20 rpm in the pH range of 7.2 to 7.6 at 25oC.
Commercially the emulsifying and non-emulsifying co-polymers 25 as described above are available from the Noveon Corporation
under the trademarks Pemulen® TR2 and Ultrez® 21. The CTFA
- 6 -
name is acrylates/C10-C30 alkyl acrylate crosspolymer. Amounts of the co-polymer used within the cosmetic compositions of this invention will range from about 0.1% to about 10%, preferably from about 0.1% to about 1%, more preferably from about 0.1% to about 0.5%, optimally from 0.25% to 0-5% by weight of the composition.
Relative amounts by weight of glycerin to the co-polymer may range from about 350-.1 to about 10:1, preferably from about 150:1 to about 50:1.
A crystalline gel structurant will also be present in compositions according to the present invention. The structurant will include both a surfactant and a co-surfactant. The nature of the surfactant and co-surfactant will depend upon whether the crystalline gel structurant is anionic or nonionic.
For structurants that are anionic, the surfactants are QLQ-
C22 fatty acids and salts (i.e. soap) thereof, and
particularly combinations of these materials. Typical counterions forming the fatty acid salt are those of ammonium, sodium, potassium, lithium, trialkanolammonium (e.g. triethanolammonium) and combinations thereof. Amounts of the fatty acid to the fatty acid salt when both present range from about 100:1 to about 1:100, preferably from about 50:1 to about 1:50, and optimally from about 3:1 to about 1:3 by weight. Illustrative fatty acids include behenic acid, stearic acid, isostearic acid, myristic acid, lauric acid, oleic acid, hydroxystearic acid and combinations thereof. Most preferred is stearic acid. Among the fatty acid salts, the most preferred is sodium stearate.
The co-surfactant for an anionic crystalline gel structurant
is a combination of a C10-C22 fatty alcohol, a C1.-C200 ester
of a C10-C22 fatty acid. Relative amounts of the ester to
the alcohol range from about 100:1 to about 1:100, preferably from about 50:1 to about 1:50, and optimally from about 3:1 to about 1:3 by weight. Typical fatty alcohols include behenyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, cetyl alcohol, myristyl alcohol/ lauryl alcohol, oleyl alcohol and combinations thereof. Esters of the fatty acid preferably
are polyol esters such as C2-C3 alJcoxylated alcohol esters.
Among these are the polyethoxy, polypropoxy and block. polyethyoxy/polypropoxy alcohol esters. Particularly preferred are such esters as PEG-100 stearate, PEG-20 stearate, PEG-80 laurate, PEG-20 laurate, PEG-100 palmitate, PEG-20 palmitate, and combinations thereof. Preferably the co-surfactant comprises cetyl alcohol and PEG-100 stearate.
The relative amount of surfactant and co-surf act ant for the anionic structurant may range from about 50:1 to about 1:50, preferably from about 10:1 to about 1:10, and optimally from about 3:1 to about: 1:3 by weight.
Nonionic type crystalline gel structurants will have a surfactant and a co-surfactant different than that for the anionic systems. The nonionic structurant surfactants are
C1-C200 esters of C10-C22 fatty acid. Esters of the fatty acid preferably are polyol esters such as C2-C3 alkoxylated
alcohol esters. Among these are-the polyethoxy, polypropoxy and block polyethyoxy/polypropoxy alcohol esters. Particularly preferred are such esters as PEG-100 Btearafce,
- 8 -
PEG-20 stearate, PEG-80 laurate, PEG-2-0 laurate, PSG-100 palmitate, PEG-20.palmitate and combinations thereof.
The co-surfactant of a nonionic structurant will be a combination of a C10-C22 fatty alcohol, glyceryl esters of a
C10-C22 fatty acid, and a C10-C22 unesterified fatty acid. Relative amounts of the ester to the alcohol may range from about 100:1 to about 1:100, preferably from about 50:1 to about 1:50, and optimally from about 3:1 to about 1:3 by weight. Relative amounts of the combination of glyceryl ester and fatty alcohol to unesterified fatty acid may range from about 100:1 to about 1:100, preferably from about 50:1 to about 1:50, and optimally from about 3:1 to about 1:3 by weight. Typical fatty alcohols include behenyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol, cetyl alcohol, myristyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol, oleyl alcohol and combinations thereof.
The relative amount of surfactant and co-surfactant in ,a nonionic structurant may range from about 50:1 to about 1:50, preferably from about 10:1 to about 1:10, and optimally from about 3:1 to about 1:3 by weight.
A crystalline gel structurant is formed by the surfactant and co-surfactant. Indeed, the surfactant and co-surfactant combination in their relative ratio and type of material is defined by an enthalpy which may range from about 2 to about 15 Joules per gram, preferably from about 2.5 to about 12
Joules per gram, and optimally from about 3.5 to about 8 Joules per gram, as measured by Differential Scanning Calorimetry. Furthermore, the crystalline gel structurant system advantageously may have a melting point ranging from about 30 to about 70°C, preferably from about 45 to about 65°C, and optimally from about 50 to about 60°C.
Compositions of the present invention are not limited by any pH range. However, a preferred pH ranges from about 5.5 to about 8.
Thickeners other than the aforementioned co-polymer may but are ordinarily not present in compositions according to this invention. By the term thickener is meant any material which at 2% in water generates a viscosity greater than 5,000 cps, particularly greater than 10,000 cps as measured on a Brookfield RVT model viscometer at spindle speed of 20 rpm in a pH range 7.2 to 7.6 at 25 °C.
Normal forces which are positive numbers reflect- a silky smooth skinfeel of the formulation. Negative values have been identified with a draggy feel which many consumers dislike. Normal force is measured in the following manner. A rheometer that has a shear rate mode capability and a normal force transducer is utilized to measure the high shear normal force. These devices are available from Rheometric Scientific ARES, TA Instruments AR2000, and Paar Physica MCR. Samples are compressed between concentric parallel plates of diameter 25 mm and gap (vertical distance between the two plates) of 100 microns. The measurements are made in a continuous logarithmic shear sweep mode with a
shear rate range of 0.1 to 10,000 s . Each sweep takes 5
minutes, and is conducted at ambient condition (20-25°C). The normal force is calculated by subtracting the baseline
(defined as the normal force value at or near 100 s ) from
the highest normal force value measured between 1000 and 10,000 s-1. A positive normal force of 5 grams and especially 10 grams or greater is correlated to products/materials with silky sensations during rubbing in application. .
The higher the positive value of the normal force, the better are the aesthetics. Ordinarily, excellent aesthetics are achieved when the normal force ranges from about +5 to about +50 grams. Particularly desirable is a positive" normal force in the range from about +10 to about +60 grams, optimally from about +25 to about +40 grams.
Moisturization is an important aspect along with the sensory feel of compositions of this invention. For this reason, the compositions may advantageously have a SkiCon Value ranging from about 10 to about 80, preferably from about 20 to about 70, optimally from about 25 to about 60.
The SkiCon Value is measured with a SkiCon 200 instrument. Moisturization is measured on the skin surface through a conductance evaluation (micro Siemens). Depth of measurement is approximately less than 15 urn. The methodology involves the use of panelists (usually 10-20 in number). These panelists are requested to pre-wash with a
standard Ivory® soap. After 30 minutes, the panelists" skin
are measured using the SkiCon 200 instrument. A sample of 0.05 gram experimental product is then applied onto a 5 x 5 cm area marked on an inner forearm. Post-application "measurements are taken two hours after the initial 5 treatment.
Advantageously, compositions of the present invention will have low foamability. Lather Volume as measured" by the Lather Volume Test described in U.S. Patent 6,153,208, herein incorporated by reference ordinarily will be less 10 than 60 ml, but preferably less than 30 ml. ■
A variety of other components may be present in the concentrates of the present invention. Foremost is that of water. Amounts of water may range from about 1% to about 90%, preferably from about 30% to about 80%, optimally from 15 about 50% to about 80% by weight of. the composition.
Emollient materials may be included in compositions of invention. These may be in the form of silicone oils, synthetic esters and hydrocarbons. Amounts of the emollients may range anywhere from about 0.1% to about 20 preferably between about 1% and about 50% by weight of composition.
Silicone oils may be divided into the volatile and nonvolatile variety. The- term "volatile"" as used herein refers to those materials which have a measurable vapor 25 pressure at ambient temperature. Volatile silicone oils are preferably chosen from cyclic (cyclomethicone) or linear
polydimethylsiloxanes containing from 3 to 9, preferably from 4 to 5, silicon atoms.
Nonvolatile silicone oils useful as an emollient material include polyalkyl siloxanes, polyalkylaryl siloxanes and 5 polyether siloxane co-polymers. The essentially nonvolatile polyalkyl siloxanes useful herein include, for example,
polydimethyl"siloxanes with viscosities of from about 5 x 10
to 0.1 m /s at 25°C. Among the preferred nonvolatile
emollients useful in the present compositions are the 10 polydimethyl siloxanes having viscosities from about 1 x 10~
to about 4 x 10"4 m2/s at 25 °C.
Another class of nonvolatile silicones are emulsifying and
non-emulsifying siii-eone elastomers. Representative of this
category is Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer
15 available as Dow Corning 9040, General Electric SFE 839, and
Shin-Etsu KSG-18. Silicone waxes such as Silwax WS-L
(Dimethicone Copolyol Laurate) may also be useful. i
Among the suitable ester emollients are:
(1) Alkenyl or alkyl esters of fatty acids having 10 to
20 20 carbon atoms. Examples thereof include
isoarachidyl neopentanoate, isononyl isonanonoate, oleyl myristate, oleyl stearate, and oleyl oleate;
(2) Ether-esters such as fatty acid esters of
ethoxylated fatty alcohols;
WO 2004/082653 PCT/EP2004/001783
(3) Polyhydric alcohol esters, including ethylene
glycol mono and di-fatty acid esters, diethylene
glycol mono- and di-fatty acid esters,
polyethylene glycol (200-6000) mono- and di-fatty
5 acid esters, propylene glycol mono- and di-fatty
acid esters, polypropylene glycol 2000 monooleate,
polypropylene glycol 2000 monostearate,
ethoxylated propylene glycol monostearate,
glyceryl mono- and di-fatty acid esters,
10 polyglycerol poly-fatty esters, ethoxylated
glyceryl mono-stearate, 1,3-butylene glycol
monostearate, 1,3-butylene glycol distearate,
polyoxyethylene polyol fatty acid ester, sorbitan
fatty acid esters, and polyoxyethylene sorbitan
15 fatty acid esters are satisfactory polyhydric
. .-- alcohol esters. Particularly useful are
pentaerythritol, trimethylolpropane and neopentyl
glycol esters of C1-C30 alcohols;
(4) Wax esters such as beeswax, spermaceti wax and
20 tribehenin wax;
(5) Sterols esters, of which cholesterol fatty acid esters are examples thereof; and
(6) Sugar ester of fatty acids such as sucrose polybehenate and sucrose polycottonseedate.
25 Hydrocarbons which are suitable cosmetically acceptable carriers include petrolatum, mineral oil, C11-C13 isoparaffins, polyalphaolefins, and especially
■ WO 2004/082653 PCT/EP2004/001783
isohexadecane, available commercially as Permethyl 101A (TM) from Presperse Inc.
Humectants of the polyhydric alcohol-type in addition to glycerin can be employed as cosmetically acceptable carriers. Typical polyhydric alcohols include polyalkylene glycols and more preferably alkylene polyols and their derivatives, including propylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, polypropylene glycol, polyethylene glycol and derivatives thereof, sorbitol, hydroxypropyl sorbitol, hexylene glycol, 1,3-butylene glycol, isoprene glycol,-1,2, 6-hexanetriol, ethoxylated glycerol, propoxylated glycerol and mixtures thereof. The amount of humectant may range anywhere from 0.5%. to 50%, preferably between 1% and 15% by weight of the composition.
Sunscreen actives may" aiso included* ±rr composition®* ©f the present invention. Particularly preferred are such materials as ethylhexyl p-methoxycinnamate, available as
Parsol MCX3, Avobenzene, available as Parsol 1789® and
benzophenone-3, also known as Oxybenzone. Inorganic sunscreen actives may be employed such as microfine titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, polyethylene and various other polymers. Amounts of the sunscreen agents when present may generally range from 0.1% to 30%, preferably from 2% to 20%, optimally from- 4% to 10% by weight of the composition.
Preservatives can desirably be incorporated-into the cosmetic compositions of this invention to protect against the growth of potentially harmful microorganisms. Suitable traditional preservatives for compositions of this invention
are.alkyl esters of para-hydroxybenzoic acid. Other preservatives which have more recently come into use include hydantoin derivatives, propionate salts, and a variety of quaternary ammonium compounds. Cosmetic chemists are 5 familiar with appropriate preservatives and routinely choose them to satisfy the preservative challenge test and to provide product stability. Particularly preferred preservatives are phenoxyethanol, methyl paraben, propyl paraben, imidazolidinyl urea, sodium dehydroacetate and
10 benzyl alcohol. The preservatives should be selected having regard for the use of the composition and possible incompatibilities between the preservatives and other ingredients in the emulsion. Preservatives are preferably employed in amounts ranging from 0.01% to 2% by weight of
15 the composition.
. . \
Compositions of the present invention may also contain vitamins. Illustrative water-soluble vitamins are
Niacinamide, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C and Biotin.
Among the useful water-insoluble vitamins are Vitamin A 20 (retinol), Vitamin A Palmitate, Ascorbyl Tetraisopalraitate, Vitamin E (tocopherol), Vitamin E Acetate and DL-panthenol. Total amount of vitamins when present in compositions according to the present invention may range from 0.001% to 10%, preferably from 0.01% to 1%, optimally from 0.1% to 25 0.5% by weight of the composition.
Another adjunct ingredient can be that of an enzyme. Particularly preferred is superoxide dismutase, commercially available as Biocell SOD from the Brooks Company, OSA.
Skin lightening agents may be included in the compositions of the invention. Illustrative substances are placental extract, lactic acid, niacinamide, arbutin, kojic acid, resorcinol and derivatives including 4-substituted 5 resorcinols and combinations thereof. Amounts of these agents may range from about 0.1% to about 10%, preferably from about 0.5% to about 2% by weight of the compositions.
Desquamation agents are further optional components. Illustrative are the alpha-hydroxycarboxylic acids and beta-10 hydroxycarboxylic-acids. Among the former are salts of
glycolic acid, lactic acid and malic acid. Salicylic acid is representative of the beta-hydroxycarboxylic acids. Amounts of these materials when present may range from about 0.1% to about 15% by weight of the composition.
A variety of herbal extracts may optionally be included in compositions of this invention. Illustrative are green tea, chamomile, licorice and extract combinations thereof. The extracts may either be water soluble or water-insoluble carried in a solvent which respectively is hydrophilic or hydrophobic. Water and ethanol are the preferred extract solvents.
Anti-microbial agents may also be included in the compositions of this invention. Illustrative are
trichlosan, trichlocarban, Octopyrox® and zinc pyrithione. 25 Amounts may range from about 0.01% to about 5%, preferably from about 0.1% to about 0.5% by weight of the composition.
Colorants, fragrances, opacifiers and abrasives may also be included in compositions of the present invention. Each of these substances may range from about 0.05% to about 5%, preferably between 0.1% and 3% by weight.
Except in the operating and comparative examples, or where otherwise explicitly indicated, all numbers in this description indicating amounts of material ought to be understood as modified by the word "about".
The term ""comprising" is meant not to be limiting to any subsequently stated elements but rather to encompass non-specified elements of major or minor functional importance. In other words the listed steps, elements or options need not be exhaustive. Whenever the words "including" or "having" are used, these terms are meant to be equivalent to "comprising" as defined above.
All documents referred to herein, including all patents, patent applications, and printed publications, are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety in this 20 disclosure.
The following examples will more fully illustrate the embodiments of this invention. All parts, percentages and proportions referred to herein and in the appended claims are by weight of the composition unless otherwise 25 illustrated.
A series of high level glycerin formulations were evaluated as concentrate chassis to understand their skinfeel properties reflected in their normal force profile. These 5 experiments focused upon the anionic gel structurant
surfactant/co-surfactant ratio and effect of Pemulen® TR2.
The test formulations are outlined in Table I below.
The surfactant in these formulations is the sodium hydroxide neutralized stearic acid (i.e. sodium stearate). Co-10 surfactant is the combination of glycerol
monostearate/stearamide AMP, glycerol monostearate and cetyl alcohol.
TABLE I . O
- o ©"
No Pemulen® TR2 Formulas 5
Components Sample (Weight %)
Oil Phase 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Stearic Acid 0.485 0.965 1.455 1.940 2.540 2.908 3.394 3.878 4.363
Giycerol Monostearate /Stearamide AMP 2.838 2.522 2.207 1.891 1.500 1.260 0.946 0.631 0.315
Glycerol Monostearate 1.325 1.177 1.030 0.883 0.700 0.588 0.441 0.294 0.147
Cetyl Alcohol 0.7560 0.672 0.588 0.504 0.400 0.336 0.252 0.168 0.084
Water To 100 To 100 To 100 To 100 To 100 To 100 To 100 To 100 To 100
Disodium EDTA 0.050 0.050 0.050 0.050 0.050 0.050 0.050 0.050 0.050
Glycerin 18.000 18.000 18.000 18.000 18.000 18.000 18.000 18.000 18.000
Sodium Hydroxide (50% Aqueous Soln.) 0.124 0.248 0.370 0.494 0.650 0.740 0.864 0.988 1.112
GlydantPlus® 0.090 0.090 0.090 0.090 I 0.090 0.090 0.090 0.090 0.090
Another... set.. of„ experiments were condi/cted to evaluate the system with the presence of 0.3% Peirplen® TR2 and the relationship between surfactant/co-surfactant. The formulas were identical to those in Table I except that 0.3% Pemulen®
5 TR2 was added and 0.3% water removed. The Pemulen® TR2
samples are identified by the letter "P" after th§. sample number.
The formulations were evaluated for their normal force values at high shear. Tables I, II and III outline the 10 results of that evaluation.
No Pemulen® TR2
Sample Su rfactant/Co-Surfactant Normal Force (gm)
1 10/90 -10
2 20/80 -12
3 30/70 -17
4 40/60 -8
5 52/48 -42
6 60/40 -18
7 70/30 -35
8 80/20 -37
9 90/10 -93
0.3% Pemulen® TR2
Sample Su rfactant/Co-Su rfactant Normal Force (gm)
TP 10/90 + 25
2? 20/80 + 32
3P 30/70 + 33
4P 40/60 +39
5P 52/48 + 39
6P 60/40 + 37
7? 70/30 + 30
8P 80/20 +28
9P 90/10 + 10
As is evident from Tables II-III, a silky skinfeel as 5 reflected by the positive normal force values is attained
only in instances where Pemulen® TR2 is present.
Particularly good performance was achieved where the surfactant/co-surfactant ratio ranged from 30:70 to 70:30. Optimum effect was in the 40:60 to 60:40 ratio area."
10 Sample 5P when formulated without any glycerin and in the presence of 0.3% Pemulen® TR2 exhibited a normal force of 0,0. "A control sample similar to sample 5 without either Pemulen® TR2 or glycerin had a normal force of -23. The synergistic combination of optimized crystalline gel
15 structurant network,, glycerin, and Pemulen® TR2 yields the highest positive normal forces.
SkiCon Value readings were taken on formulations according to the present invention utilizing different levels of glycerin. Table IV details the test results. They illustrate the 5 excellent moisturization of high glycerol levels which,
except for the presence of crystalline gel structurant and co-polymer, would impart a sticky/tacky sensory feel to the
skin. Thus, the presence of Pemulen® and the optimized (
crystalline gel structurant network despite high glycerin 10 levels provided an unexpected pleasant silky skin sensory, while still delivering increased moisturization.
% Glycerin Baseline SkiCon Reading (2 hours) SkiCon Value
10% 8.58 38.42 29.83
18% 5.97 45.39 39.42
26% 6.94 56.72 49.78
35% 6.44 63.61 57.17
15 This Example illustrates the enthalpy values associated with the crystalline gel structurant according to the present invention. The formulas evaluated are nonionic ones listed in Table V below.
Components Sample (Weight %)
Oil Phase 1 2 3
Stearic Acid 2.075 2.371 2.669
Glycerol Monostearate /Stearamide AMP 1.226 1.401 1.576
Glycerol Monostearate 0.572 0.654 0.735
Cetyl Alcohol 0.327 0.374 0.420
PEG-100Stearate 1.80 1.200 0.600
Water To 100 To 100 To 100
Disodium EDTA 0.050 0.050 0.050
Glycerin 18.000 18.000 18.000
GlydantPlus® 0.090 0.090 0.090
Enthalpy values for the structurant/co-structurant systems in Table V are listed in Table VI below. •
5 TABLE VI
Nonionic Crystalline Gel Structurant
Sample Surfactant: Co-Surfactant Melting Point (°Q Melting/Heating Enthalpy (J/g)
1 30:70 52.98 7.26
2 20:80 51.73 6.17
3 10:90 51.14 10.77
The crystalline gel structurant network of samples 1-8 surfactant/co-surfactant components are reported in Table VII. Enthalpy was measured by Differential Scanning Calorimetry utilizing a heat/cool cycle between 20-80°C at 5°C/minutes.
Anionic Crystalline Gel Structurant
Sample SurfactanfcCo-Surfactant Melting Point (°C) Melting/Heating Enthalpy (J/g)
1 10/90. — — ■ "
2 20/80 60.23 5.098
3 30/70 58.27 4.87
4 40/60 57.77 4.599
5 52/48 56.36 3.804
6 60/40 53.49 4.51
7 70/30 54.09 5.372
8 80/20 54.08 6.017
1. A cosmetic composition comprising:
(i) from 10 to 50% by weight of glycerin;
(ii) from 0.1 to 10% by weight of co-polymer formed from a major portion of a
monoolefinically unsaturated carboxylic acid or anhydride monomer of 3 to 6
carbon atoms and a minor portion of a Ci0-C22 acrylate or methacrylate ester
(iii) from 1% to 30% of a crystalline gel structurant comprising a surfactant and
co-surfactant ranging from 50:1 to 1:50 by weight.
2. The composition according to claim 1 wherein the co-polymer is an acrylate/C10-C30 alkyl acrylate crosspolymer.
3. The composition according to ciai"m 1 wherein the crystafiine gef structurant is anionic and the surfactant comprises a C10-C22 fatty acid and a salt of the fatty acid, the fatty acid and salt being present in a ratio from 100:1 to 1:100.
4. The composition according to claim 3 wherein the fatty acid and salt are present in a weight ratio from 3:1 to 1:3.
5. The composition according to claim 1 wherein the co-surfactant comprises a C10-C22 fatty alcohol and a C1-C2oo ester of a C10-C22 fatty acid, the alcohol and ester being present in a weight ratio from 100:1 to 1:100.
6. The composition according to claims wherein the alcohol and ester are present in a weight ratio from 3:1 to 1:3.
7. The composition according to any preceding claim wherein the co-surfactant comprises cetyl alcohol and PEG-100 stearate.
8. The composition according to any preceding claim wherein the crystalline ge! structurant is nonionic and the surfactant comprises a C1-C200 ester of a C10-C22 fatty acid.
9. The composition according to claim 8 wherein the ester is a polyethoxy or polypropoxy alcohol ester of a fatty acid.
10. The composition according to claim 8 or claim 9 wherein the co-surfactant comprises a mixture of C.io-C22 fatty alcohol, a glyceryl ester of C10-C22 fatty acid and a C10-C22 unesterified fatty acid.
11. The composition according to any preceding claim wherein the normal force ranges from+10 to+60.
12. The composition according to any preceding claim wherein glycerin is present in an amount from 10% to 50% by weight of the composition.
13. The composition according to claim any preceding claim wherein glycerin is present from 12% to 35% by weight of the composition.
14. The composition according to any preceding claim having a SkiCon Value ranging from 10 to 80.
15. The composition according to any preceding claim wherein the crystalline gel structurant has a melting point ranging from 30 to 70°C.
Dated this the 9th day of September 2005
|Indian Patent Application Number||983/MUMNP/2005|
|PG Journal Number||43/2007|
|Date of Filing||09-Sep-2005|
|Name of Patentee||HINDUSTAN UNILEVER LIMITED|
|Applicant Address||HINDUSTAN LEVER HOUSE, 165/166 BACKBAY RECLAMATION, MUMBAI 400020|
|PCT International Classification Number||A61K7/48|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/EP2004/001783|
|PCT International Filing date||2004-02-24|