|Title of Invention||
|Abstract||147/CHENP/2003 Phenylpiperazine derivatives The present invention relates to phenylpiperazine derivatives having formula (1) wherein R is a group of the formula (a) or (b) and salts thereof|
The invention relates to novel phenylpiperazine derivatives of the formula (1):
- R is a group of the formula (a) or (b)
and salts thereof.
It has been found that the compounds according to the invention show high affinity for both the dopamine D2 receptor and the serotonin reuptake site. This combination is useful for the treatment of psychotic disorders like schizophrenia (treating both positive and negative symptoms), and other psychiatric disorders.
The compounds show activity as (partial) agonists which makes them suited as well for the treatment of Parkinson's disease.
The compounds show antagonist activity at dopamine D2 receptors as they antagonize apomorphine-induced climbing behaviour in mice. The compounds also
show activity as inhibitors of serotonin reuptake as they potentiate 5-HTP induced behaviour in mice.
The compounds are active in therapeutic models sensitive to clinically relevant antipsychotics (e.g. the conditioned avoidance response; Van der Heyden & Bradford, Behav. Brain Res., 1988, 31:61-67) and antidepressants or anxiolytics (e.g. suppression of stress-induced vocalization; van der Poel et al.. Psychopharmacology, 1989, 97: 147-148).
The compounds are active in clinically relevant models for Parkinson's disease (e.g. turning rat behaviour; U. Ungerstedt, Acta Physiol. Scand., 1971, 82 (suppl. 367): 69-93).
In contrast to clinically relevant dopamine D2 receptor antagonists the described compounds have a low propensity to induce catalepsy in rodents and as such are likely to induce less extrapyrimidal side effects than existing antipsychotic agents.
The inhibitory activity of serotonin reuptake inherent in these compounds may be responsible for the therapeutic effects observed in behavioural models sensitive to either antidepressants or anxiolytics.
The compounds can be used for the treatment of affections or diseases of the central nervous system caused by disturbances in either the dopaminergic or serotonergic systems, for example: aggression, anxiety disorders, autism, vertigo, depression, disturbances of cognition or memory, Parkinson's disease and in schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders.
Pharmacologically acceptable acids with which the compounds of the invention can form suitable acid addition salts are for example hydrochloric acid, sulphuric acid, phosphoric acid, nitric acid, and organic acids such as citric acid, fumaric acid, maleic acid, tartaric acid, acetic acid, benzoic acid, p-toluene sulphonic acid, methanesulphonic acid and naphthalene sulphonic acid.
The compounds and their acid addition salts can be brought into fonns suitable for administration by means of suitable processes using auxiliary substances such as liquid and solid carrier materials.
The compounds having formula (1) can be prepared by reaction of a compound of the formula
under basic conditions with a compound of the formula
L - (a) or L - (b)
in which fomnulae (a) and (b) have the meanings given above, and L is a so-called leaving group such as a halogen atom or a mesylate group.
The piperazine compound having formula (2) can be obtained as described in EP 0189612.
The starting materials of the formula L - (a) can be obtained according to the following scheme:
Compound 1p2 can be obtained from 1p1 in the same manper as compound 2p4, i.e. compound L - (b) wherein L is the mesylate group, from compound 2p3 (see Scheme B below).
Scheme B The invention is illustrated by means of the following Examples.
18.1 g (0,1 mol) of 2p1 was dissolved in 250 ml of CH2CI2 and brought to 0 °C. A solution, made from 50 ml of concentrated sulfuric acirf poured on 200 g of ice, was added to the CH2CI2 solution. The resulting mixture was maintained at 0 °C by applying an ice/acetone cooling bath. To the latter solution. 8.3 g (0.12 mol) of NaNO2 dissolved in 50 ml of water, was added dropwise, while the temperature was kept below 2 °C. Stirring was continued for 1 hour. Subsequently, the organic layer was separated, the water layer extracted (CH2CI2) once, the combined organic fractions were dried on MgSO4. Removal of the drying agent by filtration and concentration in vacuo of the fillrate yielded 17.8 g (99%) of crude dark yellow 2p2. Under a nitrogen atmosphere, a solution of 17.8 g (0.099 mol) of 2p2 in 100 ml of dry THF was added dropwise very carefully to a suspension of LiAIH4 (9.75 g, 244 mmol) in refluxing dry THF. After the addition was complete, the resulting mixture was allowed to react for another 40 minutes. The reaction mixture was brought to room temperature and further cooled by an ice/ethanol cooling bath. Subsequently were added: 9.75 ml of water/THF (1/1). 18.5 ml of 2N NaOH(aq) and 18.5 ml of water. The resulting mixture was brought to reflux for 20 minutes. After cooling down, the reaction mixture was filtered (Hyflo), the resulting filtrate was concentrated in vacuo, yielding 15.9 g of residue. The latter was dissolved in 98 ml of IN HCl in EtOAc, the resulting precipitate was filtered yielding 17.5 g (87%) of 2p3.HCI.
17.5 9 (86 mmol) of 2p3.HCI were dissolved in a mixture 190 ml of ethyleneglycol and 90 ml of water, the resulting solution was heated to 95 °C. Subsequently 7.96 g (94.6 mmol) of (3,4)-dihydro-2H-pyran carefully was added dropwise. After the addition was complete, stirring was continued for 3 hours at 95 °C. After the reaction mixture reached room temperature, water and some brine were added and extraction was performed with EtOAc (3x). The combined organic fractions were washed with water. NaHS03(aq). water, NaHCO3(aq). NaCI(aq) respectively after which the organic fraction was dried on Na2SO4. Removal of the drying agent and solvent yielded a residue which was purified by column chromatogaphy (SiO2. eluent MeOH/CH2Cl2 3/97), resulting in 12 g (63%) of a dark red oil containing the corresponding alcohol of 2p4 which solidified on standing. Subsequently the alcohol was converted into its mesylate by standard procedures (MsCI. diisopropylethyiamine in CH2CI2, 0 °C) yielding 2p4 (98% yield).
The phenylpiperazine having formula (2) was reacted with 2p4 according to the procedure mentioned in EP 0900792, yielding compound (1) wherein R is the group of formula (b); (m.p.: 182-5°C).
1p1 was converted into 1p2 analogously to the preparation of 2p4 (in Example 1). 1p2 was converted into 1p3 (98%) according to the procedure described in RajanBabu et.al., J.Org.Chem, 51, (1986). 1704.
Under a nitrogen atmosphere, 31.9 g (103 mmol) of 1p3 were dissolved in 49 ml of DMF. The resulting solution was added slowly to a solution containing 5.88 g (134 mmol. 1.3 eq) of an oily suspension containing 55% of NaH in 148 ml of DMF, after which stirring was continued for one hour at room temperature, after which the reaction mixture was cooled (ice/water). To the latter solution, 8.34 ml (19.02 g, 134 mmol. 1.3 eq) of Mel diluted in 49 ml of DMF, were added dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred for an additional 16 hours at room temperature. To the latter, water was added and extraction performed; Et2O (2x). the organic fraction was washed with water (2x) and brine (1x). and eventually dried on MgSO4. After removal of the drying agent and solvent in vacuo, the residu was subjected to column chromatography (SiO2, eluent: CH2Cl2/hexane 3/1) yielding 26.2 g (79%) of 1p4 as a yellowish oil.
Under a nitrogen atmosphere, 25.03 g (78 mmol) of 1p4 were dissolved in 110 ml of THF after which 93 ml (0.93 mmol, 1.2 eq.) of IN (nBut)4N*F in THF were added. After one hour of stirring, Et2O was added, and the resulting mixture washed with water (3x) and brine (1x). The organic layer was dried on Na2SO4. After removal of
the drying agent and the solvent, the residue was taken up in toluene and subsequently concentrated in vacuo to remove traces of (tert. )butyltrimethylsilylfluoride. The residu was subjected to flashchromatography (SiO2. eluent EtzO), eventually yielding 14.8 g (92%) of 1p5.
1.69 g (6.45 mmol) of PPh3 and 0.44 g (6.44 mmol) of imidazole were dissolved in 20 ml of CH2CI2, after vvhich 1.64 g (6.45 mmol) of iodine were added portionwise. The reaction mixture was stirred for another 30 minutes at room temperature. To the latter mixture 1.07 g (5.16 mmol) of tpS dissolved in 10 ml of CH2CI2 were added slowly. After 30 minutes the reaction mixture was washed with NaHC03(aq). NaHS03(aq) and brine, the remaining organic fraction dried on Na2SO4. After removal of the drying agent and the solvent in vacuo, the residu was dissolved in Et2O, the precipitate which formed (PhaPO) was removed by filtration. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo, the residue purified by flash chromatography (SiO2), eluent CH2Cl2/hexane 1/1), yielding 1.45 g (88%) of the desired iodide 1p6. The phenylpiperazine having formula (2) was reacted with 1p6 according to the procedure described in EP 0900792, yielding compound 1 wherein R is group (a) (m.p.: 202-4 °C).
1. Phenylpiperazine derivatives havingformula (1)
wherein R is a group of the formula (a) or (b)
and salts thereof.
2. Method for the preparation of a compound as claimed in claim 1,
characterized in that a compound having formula (2)
is reacted under basic conditions with a compound of the formula
L-(a) or ' L-(b)
in which formulae L is a leaving group and (a) and (b) have the meaning given in claim 1.
3. A pharmaceutical composition containing at least one compound as claimed in claim 1 as the active component.
4. A method of treating Parkinson Disease, characterized in that a compound as claimed in claim 1 is used.
5. A method of treating CNS-disorders such as schizophrenia, anxiety and depression, characterized in that a compound as claimed in claim 1 is used.
7. Phenylpiperazine derivatives substantially as herein described and
8. A pharmaceutical composition substantially as herein described and
Dated this 23 day of January 2003
|Indian Patent Application Number||147/CHENP/2003|
|PG Journal Number||50/2007|
|Date of Filing||23-Jan-2003|
|Name of Patentee||M/S. SOLVAY PHARMACEUTICALS B.V|
|Applicant Address||C.J. van Houtenlaan 36 NL-1381 CP Weesp|
|PCT International Classification Number||C07D 413/12|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/EP2002/001793|
|PCT International Filing date||2002-02-19|