|Title of Invention||
|Abstract||The invention relates to compounds of formulae (I) and (II), and compositions comprising these compounds.|
NOVEL TRIOXEFAN COMPOUNDS
The present invention relates to \?NO new tnoxepan ccmpounds, or substituted 1,2,4-triGxacycioheptanes.
Organic peroxides have long been known for a variety of uses. One such known compound, see for instance Kirk & Othmer's Encyclopedia of Chem. Tech., 3'^ Ed, Vol.17, page 57, is a 1,2,4-trioxacyclGheptane of formula (X)
WO 98/50354 discloses the use of this compound, as well as that of four related tnoxepan compounds, including the product of formula (Y) together with a co-agent in cross-linking processes.
The compounds disclosed thus far were found not to be efficient enough and/or cost-efficient enough when used in, for instance, controlled degradation processes of polypropylene and/or high-solid acrylate polymerization processes. Probably for these reasons the tnoxepan compounds are not commonly used in industry. Rather, typically use is made of other types of organic peroxides, even though such peroxides need to be phlegmatized (diluted) in order to allow safe handling and/or are costly.
Surprisingly, we have found t?//o new 1,2,4-trioxacycioheptanes with improved properties that can be used as alternatives to the peroxides conventionally used in these processes, such as 2,5-di-tert.butylperoxy-2,5-dimethyl hexane and 3,6,9-tnethyl-3,6,9-trimethyl-1,4,7-tnperGXonQnane.
Accordingly, the present invention relates to these two new 1,2,4-trioxacycioheptane compounds. More particuiariy, we claim the two compounds of formulae I and II
The compounds could be synthesized in a conventional way by reacting HOC(CH3)HCH2C(CH3).OOH with methyl ethyl ketone and methyl iso-butyl ketone, respectively. If so desired, they can be phlegmatized using suitable conventional phiegmatizing agents.
As said above, it was found that these compounds were particularly useful for degrading polypropylene and making poiyacryiates for use in high-solid coating compositions, as is detailed in the examples below.
Borealis® HC001A-B1 homo-polypropyiene powder (PP) ex Boreaiis
lrganox(e)1010 ex Ciba Specialty Chemicals
Trigonox® 101 (2,5-di-tert.butylperoxy-2,5-dimethyl hexane) ex Akzo Nobel
Trigonox® 301 3,6,9nrieihy!-3,6,9-tnmethyi-1,47-triperoxcnonane ex Akzo Nobei Solvesso®100 and Exxate®700 ex ExxonMobil
All other chemicals used were supplied by Acros Chemicals, analytical quality, and used without further purification.
Examples 1-5 and Comaarative Examples A-H
In these examples peroxides (when used) were dissolved in dichloromethane
(approx. 5% by weight solution) and mixed with the PP in an amount such that
0.00.5% or 0.01% by weight of active oxygen was introduced (based on the weight
of the polypropylene, see table below). Also 0.1% by weight, based on the weight
of the PP, of irganox® 1010 stabilizer was mixed in. The mixtures were placed in a
cupboard overnight at room temperature to remove the dichloromethane.
The resulting mixture was fed into a Haake Rheocord® system 40 with Rheomex®
TW100 intensive mixing screws using a Plasticolor 2000 single screw pump with
screwhousing type 15/22. In order to maintain low oxygen conditions, nitrogen was
introduced into the- hopper (2.5 I/minute) and around the die (9 1/minute) of the
During extrusion the screw speed was set.to 50 rpm and the temperature settings
were 190/250/250/250X (condition 1) or 160/225/225/225X (condition 2).
The resulting strand was cooled using a water bath and granulated using an
Automatjk® ASG5 granulator. Before analysis, the granules were dried overnight
The MFI of the polymer was analyzed in the conventional way using method ASTM
D 1238 (230X/2.16 kg).
This shows that compounds of formulae I and II are very efficjent in the controiled degradation of PP, especially for making PP with a high MFI. The inefficiency of product X may be partly-related to its volatility.
Examples 6 to 8 and Comparative Examples 1 and J
In these examples acrylates are polymerized in a solvent using a jacketed glass
reactor with a diameter of 60 mm and a height of 80 mm, equipped with a turbine
stirrer, a reflux condenser, and an injection port.
Solvent (40 g) was added to the reactor. The temperature was adjusted such that
the peroxide used in the experiment has a half life of 15 minutes at said temperature. For polymerization temperatures up to and including 125X, butyi acetate was used as the solvent. For polymerizations from 126 up to and including 165°C SolvessQ® 100 was used, while Exxate® 700 was used for polymerizations at a temperature from 165-200'C.
Nitrogen was used to obtain oxygen-free polymerization conditions. Monomers (40 g butyl acrylate, 28 g hydroxyethyi methacr/late, 20 g styrene, 10 g methyl methacr/late, and 2 g methacryiic acid) and 30 meq. (30 mmoles for a compound with one 00 bond per molecule, 15 mmoles for a compound with two 00 bonds per molecule, etc.) initiator were metered into the reactor using a Watson Mariow pump over a 4-hour period. Thereafter the polymerization was continued for another hour at the same temperature.
The resulting polymer was analyzed in a conventional way. The molecular weights were determined by HP-SEC, using polystyrene standards. The solids content (solids) of the resin that was produced was determined by gravimetric analysis by accurately weighing about 1 g of resin, dissolving this sample in about 10 g of toluene, and subsequently drying it in an oven with forced air circulation for 4 hours at 125°C. After cooling of the sample, the weight of the residual material divided by the weight of the original sample is the solids content The viscosity was measured using a Brookfield viscometer at 25^0.
The reference product "cyclic-MIAKP" was produced on-site using the procedure as given for composition V in WO 96/03397, but using iso-amyi ketone instead of iso-butyl ketone. The product was phlegmatized and contained 67.3% by weight of peroxide. As another reference Trigonox® 301 (cyciic-MEK peroxide, 41% solution in an odouriess mineral spirit) ex Akzo Nobel was used. These compounds are considered to be representative of modern high-solid acrylate polymerization
initiators. The trioxepans according to the invention were in the technically pure form and contained more than 95% by weight of peroxide. The results are presented below.
These results show that the trioxepans according to the invention are very efficient initiators for making low-molecular weight high-solid acrylate resins that have a narrow molecular weight distribution.
3. Compositions containing a compound of claim 1 or 2.
4. A compound substantially as herein described and exemplified.
|Indian Patent Application Number||268/CHENP/2003|
|PG Journal Number||35/2007|
|Date of Filing||14-Feb-2003|
|Name of Patentee||M/S. AKZO NOBEL N.V.|
|Applicant Address||Velperweg 76 NL-6824 BM Arnhem (NL).|
|PCT International Classification Number||C 07 D 323/00|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/EP2001/009265|
|PCT International Filing date||2001-08-08|