|Title of Invention||
TIMING ADVANCE PISTON FOR A FUEL INJECTION PUMP
|Abstract||A fuel injector unit pump of the type driven by a cam and functioning to supply pressurized fuel to an injector for an injection event, comprising: a body (114); a pumping plunger (24, 124, 224) disposed in said body for reciprocation therein and comprising a driven end (22); a cam follower assembly (20, 120, 220) engaging the cam and comprising an advance piston (128, 228, 328) which engages the driven end of the pumping plunger (24, 124, 224) for advancing or retarding the timing of the injection event, the advance piston being movable in response to fluid pressure controlled by an advance control (70); a follower return spring (136, 236) disposed between the body (114) and the cam follower assembly (20, 120, 220); and a plunger return spring (146) nested within the follower return spring (136, 236) and between the body (114) and the advance piston (128, 228, 328), characterized in that: said advance piston (128, 228, 328) comprising an air bleed orifice (29, 386) located in the advance piston (128, 228, 328).|
|Full Text||FORM 2
THE PATENTS ACT 1970
[39 OF 1970]
COMPLETE SPECIFICATION [See Section 10]
"TIMING ADVANCE PISTON FOR A FUEL INJECTION PUMP"
STANADYNE CORPORATION, of 92 Deerfield Road, Windsor, Connecticut 06095, United States of America,
The following specification particularly describes and ascertains the nature of the invention and the manner in which it is to be performed:-
Background of the Invention
The present invention relates to a fuel injector unit pump of the type driven by a cam and functioning to supply pressurized fuel to an injector for an injection event and pertains to high pressure fuel injection pumps. More particularly, the invention is directed to improving fuel injection timing for high pressure fuel injection unit pumps or unit injectors.
Internal combustion engines may rely on high pressure fuel injection pumps to pressurize a supply of fuel for injection; into the engine combustion chamber. The high pressure fuel injection pump designs available to accomplish fuel pressurization and injection vary widely. One known fuel injection pump design uses discrete fuel injection unit pumps each typically coupled to a single combustion chamber of the engine. Each unit pump includes a pumping chamber defined by a longitudinal pumping bore within the unit pump body and a pumping plunger disposed for reciprocation therein. The pumping chamber is terminated by a head assembly which is connected to the engine combustion chamber, typically by a high pressure line and fuel injector. A fuel supply port fluidly connects the pumping bore to a fuel supply source.
The pumping plunger has a pumping end and an opposing driven end. A cam follower assembly is disposed between the plunger pumping end and a rotatable cam. The rotatable cam acts against the cam follower assembly to periodically force the pumping plunger toward the head, thereby pressurizing the fuel within, the pumping chamber for discharge to the engjne combustion chamber. A spring biases the pumping plunger, and thereby the cam follower assembly, against the rotatable cam. The spring bias ensures that the pumping plunger and
cam follower assembly maintain continuous contact with the cam, so that the pumping plunger periodically moves away from the head and thereby draws fuel from the supply port into the pumping chamber.
The cam is mechanically coupled in a well known manner to an
5 engine crankshaft which is in turn mechanically coupled to engine
pistons reciprocating within engine cylinders. In this manner, the
rotational angle of the cam is in a fixed relationship to the linear position
of the engine piston within its cylinder. Likewise, the rotational angle
of the cam is mechanically related to the linear position of the pumping
10 plunger within the pumping bore. The relationship of the cam with both
the engine pistons and pumping plunger allows control of the timing of
the plunger pumping stroke so that fuel can be injected into the engine
combustion chamber when the engine piston is at a desired position in
its linear travel. Typically, fuel is injected before the piston has reached
1 5 the top of its stroke.
Control of fuel injection timing is important for engine cold
starting and power output. Control of fuel supplied to the combustion
chamber of an internal combustion engine by a fuel injection pump has
also become increasingly important due to the demand for improved fuel
20 economy and increasingly stringent legislation controlling emissions
emanating from internal combustion engines. In particular, control of
the timing at which the unit pump starts and ends the injection of fuel
into the combustion chamber is important in meeting these demands.
One known method for controlling the delivered fuel quantity in
25 conjunction with the timing of the fuel injection event with a unit pump
or unit injector provides the pumping plunger outside diameter with
upper and lower helical channels. As the plunger reciprocates, the
helical channel intermittently aligns with the supply port, or alternatively
a spill port. As the pumping plunger travels toward the head the upper
helical channel moves out of alignment with the fill port, generating high pressure in the pumping chamber, and the fuel injection event begins. As the pumping plunger continues movement toward the head, the lower helical channel is aligned with the fill port and the fuel injection 5 event ends. Rotation of the pumping plunger within the pumping bore serves to adjust the timing for the alignment of the helical channels and fill/spill ports, thereby adjusting the delivered fuel quantity and timing of the fuel injection event.
It is known from published patent application DE 40 06 367 A to
10 arrange a sliding piston.in the body of a cam follower for activating/the plunger of a fuel injection pump. Nested compression springs extend between the pump housing and the cam follower body as well as between the pump housing and the piston, The position of the piston in the cam follower body is responsive to hydraulic pressure. The timing
15 of the start of fuel injection into the cylinder is advanced by applying hydraulic pressure to the piston.
Summary of the Invention
It is an object of the invention to provide an additional mechanism
20 for varying the timing of the fuel injection event.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a method and apparatus for controlling the timing of a fuel injection event, the method and apparatus providing an optimal combination of simplicity, reliability, efficiency and versatility.
25 It is yet another object of the invention to.provide an apparatus
for controlling the timing of a fuel injection event-which contains the relationship between the linear position of the pumping piston and the rotational angle of the cam.
These and other objects and advantages of the present invention are achieved by the use of a fuel injector unit pump, driven by a cam that functions to supply fuel to an injector for an injection event. The fuel injector unit pump includes a body and a pumping plunger reciprocably disposed within the body and has a driven end. A cam follower assembly is provided for engaging the cam and includas an advance piston that engages the driven end of the pumping plunger for adivav\c\rvg QV vetavd\n9 the t\rc\'\n$ vi the \niect\or\ fcsjef\t. The a^ve.r.ce piston is movable in response to fluid pressure controlled by an advance
control. A follower return spring is disposed between the body and the
cam follower assembly and a plunger return spring is nested with the
follower return spring and between the body and the advance piston.
The advance piston is hydraulically actuated and is disposed
5 between the rotatable cam and pumping plunger. In a retracted position
the pumping plunger is separated from the cam rotational axis by a first
distance. The first distance defines a relationship between the pumping
plunger linear position, cam rotational angle and engine piston position.
By pressurizing the advance piston, the advance piston is moved
10 outwardly toward an extended position, which in turn displaces the
pumping plunger away from the cam rotational axis. Since the position of the pumping plunger within the pumping bore determines fuel injection event timing, for the same cam rotational angle the fuel injection event timing will be different depending on whether the
15 advance piston is retracted or extended. Naturally, the fuel injection
timing is continuously variable within the range of advance piston displacement. The range of advance piston displacement is also known as advance authority. An advance piston displacement range of 3 mm is possible.
20 To avoid separation of the pumping plunger and cam follower
assembly from the cam, a follower return spring with a high spring force and spring rate is often used. Given the relatively small advance piston size it is difficult to apply a sufficient hydraulic pressure against the advance piston to overcome the force of the follower return spring. A
25 balance spring can be placed below the advance piston to nearly balance
the force of the return spring; however, the high spring rates of the return and balance springs severely limit the advance authority achievable with this configuration. An increased advance authority is achievable by using a pair of nested return springs.
In accordance with another feature of the invention, an outer cam
follower assembly return spring provides a high force through a follower
spring seat against the cam follower assembly, thereby maintaining the
cam follower assembly against the cam as the cam rotates. An inner
5 plunger return spring with a low force and low spring rate acts through
a plunger spring seat against only the advanced piston to prevent separation of the plunger from the advance piston. Since the advance piston is biased only by the plunger return spring, pressurized lubricating oil from the engine lubrication system can be routed through a hydraulic
10 advance circuit to hydraulically actuate the advance piston.
A control device fluidly upstream or downstream of the advance piston controls pressure within the hydraulic advance circuit, thereby controlling actuation of the advance piston, and ultimately timing of the fuel injection event.
15 Preferably, the advance piston includes an annular channel or
step at the piston crown. This step cooperates with an annular shoulder formed on the inside diameter of the follower spring seat to limit the maximum displacement of the advance piston, and thereby the ultimate advance authority achievable. Further, preferably, the follower spring
20 seat incorporates a retainer such as tabs or a lip to retain the follower
spring during assembly.
Brief Description of the Drawings
Other objects and.advantages of the invention will be evident to
25 one of ordinary skill in the art from the following detailed description
made with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is a partial sectional view of a prior art unit pump or unit injector;
Figure 2 is a fragmentary view, partly in section, of an internal combustion engine including an embodiment of a unit pump with an advance piston;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary view, partly in section and partly 5 schematic, of an embodiment of a unit pump including an advance piston and nested return springs;
Figure 4 is a view similar to Figure 4 showing a different embodiment of the unit pump;
Figures 5a - 5c are schematic views illustrating the change in the
10 start of the fuel injection event with different advance piston
displacements and also illustrating the end of the fuel injection timing event;
Figure 6 is a schematic view of an embodiment of the inventive
electrohydraulic fuel injection timing control;
15 Figure 7 is a schematic view similar to Figure 6 of a different
embodiment of the inventive electrohydraulic fuel injection timing control;
Figure 8 is a view similar to Figure 4 showing a different
embodiment of the follower spring seat with dual retainers; and
20 Figure 9 is a schematical view of another embodiment of a unit
pump including an advance piston having a bleed orifice and nested return springs.
Description of the Preferred Embodiments
Figure 1 illustrates at 10' a conventional fuel injection unit pump or unit Injector. The unit pump 10' comprises a body 12' defining a longitudinal pumping bore 14' with a head 16' mounted at one end of 5 the body and coaxially with the bore. A generally cylindrical pumping plunger 18' is disposed within the pumping bore for reciprocal motion therein. The pumping plunger 18' has a pumping end 20' disposed toward the head 16' and an opposing driven end 22' projecting from the unit pump body. A fill/spill port 24' is provided within the body 12' and
10 movement of a leading edge 26' of the plunger pumping end'20' past the fill/spill port defines the beginning of an injection event. Upper and lower helical channel portions 28' and 30' partially surround the outside diameter of the pumping plunger 18'. Alignment of lower helical channel portion 30' with fill/spiil port 24' serves to define the end of the
15 fuel injection event. Fuel supply port 32" is in fluid communication with the fill/spill port 24'.
Also shown is a pin 34' mounted to a control arm 39' for rotation of the pumptng plunger 18' within the pumping bore14'. Rotation of the pumping plunger 18* changes alignment of the helical channels in
20 relation to the fill/spill port 24' and thereby the injection duration and by that the quantity of the fuel injected. The driven end 22' of the pumping plunger is mounted to a spring seat 36'. A coiled spring 38' is trapped between the unit pump body 12' and the spring seat 36' and functions to hias the pumping plunger 18' away from the head 16'.
25 Figure 2 illustrates generally at 10 a fuel injection unit pump
installed in an internal combustion engine 12 in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. The unit pump 10 comprises a body 14 and head 16 each of which may be conventional, with the head fluidly cdnnected by fuel line 17 to a fuel injector 18,for injection
of fuel into a combustion chamber 1 9 of the engine 12. A cam follower
assembly 20 is disposed between a driven end 22 of a pumping plunger
24 and a cam 26. In a usual manner, the cam follower assembly 20
acts to change rotation of the cam 26 into reciprocating linear motion
5 which is then translated to the pumping plunger 24.
In accordance with a feature of the present invention, an inverted
cup shaped advance piston 28 is mounted within a bore 30 in the cam
follower assembly 20. The advance piston 28 is configured such that
the internal space between the advance piston and the cam follower
10 assembly 20 can be pressurized via a hydraulic circuit, thereby
displacing the advance piston away from the cam follower assembly which may range to a distance of about 3 millimeters.
The pumping plunger driven end 22 abuts the advance piston 28,
so that displacement of the advance piston away from the cam follower
15 assembly 20 similarly displaces the pumping plunger 24 away from the
cam follower assembly 20 and cam rotational axis. The advance piston
28 may also comprise an aperture 29 for providing for the escape of any
air caught within the advance piston 28 as described in more detail
20 A follower spring seat 32 engages a shoulder 34 on the pumping
plunger driven end 22. A follower return spring 36 is captured between the unit pump body 14 and the spring seat 32 so that the pumping plunger driven end 22 is biased against the advance piston 28, thereby biasing the cam follower assembly 20 against the cam 26. In the 25 .embodiment shown in Figure 2, a balance spring 38 is disposed between the cam follower assembly 20 and advance piston 28 to partially counteract the bias force exerted by the follower return spring 36 on the advance piston. As previously discussed, the high spring
force and rate of the follower return spring 36 and balance spring 38 limits the advance authority available in this embodiment.
Figure 3 shows generally at 110 another embodiment of a fuel injection unit pump in accordance with the present invention. In this 5 embodiment, an advance piston 128 is disposed within a cam follower assembly 120 disposed between a cam (not shown) and a pumping plunger driven end 122 in a manner similar to that described above. The advance piston 128 includes a circumferential slot or channel 140 at the advance piston crown 142 adjacent the pumping plunger driven
10 end. - ...... ..
The pumping plunger driven end 122 is mounted to a plunger spring seat 144. A plunger return spring 14S surrounds a pumping plunger 124 and is trapped between a unit pump body 114 and the plunger spring seat 144. The plunger return spring 146 has a relatively
15 low spring force of about 2.27 kg (5lbs.) of force and spring rate of about 13.13 kN/m (75lbs/in.) As can be seen from Figure 3, the plunger spring seat 144 contacts the advance piston 128 but does not contact the cam follower assembly 1 20.
A cam follower return spring 136 surrounds the plunger return
20 spring 146 and is trapped between the unit pump body 114 and a follower spring seat 148. The follower spring seat 148 coaxially surrounds the plunger spring seat 144 and is adjacent to the cam follower assembly 120. The cam follower return spring 136 has a high spring force of about 13.6 kg (30lbs.) of force and a spring rate of
25 about 35 kN/m (200lbs/in) (for the given plunger spring parameters discussed above) to maintain the cam follower assembly 120 in continuous contact with the cam (not shown).
Referring aiso to Figure 8, the follower spring seat 148 may comprise a retainer 150 that connects both the plunger return spring
146 and a housing 1 55 of the cam follower assembly 1 20. Use of the
retainer 150 allows the unit pump body 114, plunger 124, plunger
spring 146, follower spring 136 and cam follower assembly 120 to be
handled, installed and removed as one piece.
5 The follower spring seat 148 includes an inwardly facing
circumferential shoulder 152. When the advance piston 128 is in the retracted position, the advance piston circumferential channel 140 is axially separated from the follower spring seat shoulder 1 52. As a hydraulic advance circuit 154 pressurizes fluid within the advance piston
10 128, the advance piston is displaced away from the cam follower
assembly 120 and the channel 140 approaches the follower seat annular shoulder 152. At the advance piston 128 maximum displacement, the channel 140 contacts the annular shoulder 152, preventing further movement of the advance piston. The depth
15 dimension of the channel 140 defines the maximum possible advance
piston 128 displacement and thereby the advance authority (a). The follower spring seat 148 preferably also has a lip or tabs which engage the plunger spring 146 and plunger spring seat 144 to retain the follower spring during pump installation in the engine (not shown). The
20 plunger spring seat 144 may also comprise a lip or tabs 151 which
engage a flange 153 of the pumping plunger driven end 122.
In this embodiment, the follower return spring 1 36 can impose high forces to maintain continuous contact of the cam follower assembly 120 with the cam. In spite of the use of a high force follower
25 return spring 136, the advance piston 128 is opposed by only the lower
force plunger return spring 146 until the advance piston has reached its maximum displacement. The use of nested follower return spring 1 36 and plunger return spring 146 allows the advance piston 128 to be actuated by relatively low pressure hydraulic supply, such as, for
instance lubrication oil from the internal combustion engine pressurized lubrication system 1 54 which is discussed in more detail hereafter in conjunction with Figure 6, Galleries in the engine and bore 156 of the cam follower assembly 120 may be configured to fluidly connect the 5 advance piston 128 with the lubrication system, An input 157 located within a cavity 159 of the cam follower assembly 120 provides fluid to a main cavity 161 of the advance piston 128 via a check valve 163. The input 157 is located at an opposite end of the advance piston from an engagement wall 165 thereof.
10 Figure 4 shows generally at 210 another embodiment of an fuel
injection unit pump similar to that shown in Figure 3, although, in the embodiment of Figure 4, a balance spring 238 is located between a cam follower assembly 220 and an advance piston 228. The balance spring 238 is employed to counterbalance the bias force imposed by a plunger
15 return spring 245. Sinca the plunger return spring 246 is only used to prevent separation of a plunger 224 and the advance piston 228, against a cam (not shown), its spring force and rate,is small, i.e., such as on the order of 4.55 kg (10lbs.) of force. Therefore, the balance spring 238 need only balance the low force imposed by the plunger
20 return spring 246.
Figures 5a and 5c schematically illustrate a pumping stroke for generating a fuel injection event and Figure 5b illustrates how displacement of the advance piston 28 changes the timing of the fuel injection event. While Figures 5a through 5c are discussed in
25 conjunction with the embodiment of Figure 2, it will be understood that the following discussion is equally applicable to each of the herein disclosed embodiments.
Referring now to Figures 5a and 5c, the pumping plunger 24 comprises a "pumping end 56 which includes a grooved upper helix
portion 58 and a grooved lower helix portion 59 and is located in a
pumping chamber 60 communicating with a supply port 62. The
pumping stroke (or "filling") starts when the grooved upper helix portion
58 of the pumping plunger 24 moves past the supply port 62 in the
5 pumping chamber 60. Referring also to Figure 2, fuel trapped in the
pumping chamber 62 is forced by the pumping plunger 24 through the head 16 and high pressure fuel line 17 into the combustion chamber 19 of the internal combustion engine 12.
The end of the pumping stroke is shown in Figure 5c and is
10 defined by the alignment of the lower helical channel 59 and the supply
port 62 in the pumping chamber 60. This fluidly couples the
pressurized fuel remaining in the pumping chamber 60 with the supply
port 62, allowing "spilling" of the pressurized fuel into the supply port.
Figure 5b illustrates the advance piston 28 in a somewhat
15 retracted position from that of Figure 5a. As shown in Figure 5b,
retraction of the advance piston 28 requires additional angular rotation
of the cam 26 for the pumping plunger 24 to start the pumping stroke.
Thus, extension of the advance piston 28 allows the pumping stroke
to be started at a comparatively sooner angular rotation of cam 26
20 thereby advancing the fuel injection timing. Retraction of the advance
piston within the cam follower assembly allows the pumping stroke to
be started at a comparatively later angular rotation of cam 26 thereby
retarding the fuel injection timing.
Rotation of the pumping plunger 24 within the pumping chamber
25 60 varies the distance of the upper and lower helical channels to the
supply port allowing a change in the length of the pumping stroke, in
turn, varying the quantity of fuel provided thereby. It should be noted
that varying the quantity of fuel in the fuel injection event imparted by
rotation of the pumping plunger is independent of, and in addition to, that provided by displacement of the advance piston 28.
Referring to Figures 2-4 and 6 and as previously discussed,
hydraulic actuation of the advance piston 28, 128, 228, especially
5 when used in conjunction with nested plunger return spring 146, 246
and follower return spring 136, 236, can be accomplished by routing
pressurized lubricating oil from the internal combustion engine
lubrication system into a hydraulic advance circuit 63. As schematically
shown in Figure 6, the hydraulic advance circuit 63 comprises an
10 internal combustion engine lubricating oil pump 64 which draws oil from
an engine oil pan 66, pressurizes the oil and discharges the oil into
engine oil galleries 68 each being connected to a separate unit pump 10,
110, 210. By fluidly coupling the oil pump 64 with the pressurized
lubricating oil galleries 68, displacement of the advance piston(s) 28,
15 128, 228 within the cam follower assembly 20, 120, 220 can be
controlled. A control device 70 such as, for example, a solenoid valve,
may be positioned downstream of the hydraulic advance circuit. The
control device 70 may, in turn, be controlled by an electronic control
unit (not shown). In this way, the control device 70 controls the
20 pressure acting on the advance piston 28, 128; 228 and thereby the
displacement of the advance piston within the follower assembly 20, 120,220.
The control device 70 may work in cooperation with a feed
orifice 72 fluidly disposed in the hydraulic advance circuit between' the
25 lube oil pump 64 and advance piston(s). As will be appreciated, by
varying parameters, such as, for example, orifice geometry and cross sectional area, the sensitivity of the orifice to oil viscosity can be controlled. A viscosity sensitive flow channel allows the incorporation of a cold start advance feature into the unit pump hydraulic advance 63.
Another embodiment of a unit pump hydraulic advance is shown
generally at 74 in Figure 7, wherein a control device 76 is located
upstream of lubricating oil galleries 78 with a bleed orifice 80
downstream of the oil galleries. In this embodiment, the control device
5 76 controls the inflow of pressurized lube oil 82 into the hydraulic
Figure 9 iffustrates at 310 a fuef injection unit pump in accordance with still another embodiment of the present invention. The unit pump 310 comprises an advance piston 328 including a
10 stepped engagement wall 384 and an air bleed orifice 386. The
stepped engagement wall 384 defines a cylindrical cavity 388 which functions to capture air that may enter into a main cavity 390 when hydraulic fluid located within the main cavity is under low pressure such as during a period of non operation of the advance piston 328 or the
15 fuel system. The air may ingress between seals (not shown) of the
advance piston 328 and a body portion 392 of the unit pump 310.
It will be understood that the embodiment of Figure 9 may, optionally, include a balance spring (not shown), such as described above, located within the main cavity 390.
20 The air bleed orifice 386 is located, and a pumping plunger driven
end 322 is configured, such that the aperture will be completely covered, and intermittently sealed and unsealed, by the pumping plunger driven end. During the up stroke of the unit pump 310, the pumping plunger driven end 322 contacts the stepped upper wall 384 thereby
25 closes the air bleed orifice 386. In this way, the pressure within the
main cavity 390 remains steady during the up stroke thereby preventing retraction by the advance piston 328. During the down stroke, the pumping plunger driven end 322 will separate slightly from the advance
piston 328 thereby opening the air bleed orifice 386 and allowing the escape of air therethrough.
Accordingly, one aspect of the invention can be understood as comprising the use of a hydraulically actuated advance piston in a fuel 5 injection unit pump or unit injector. The advance piston is disposed between a rotatable cam and pumping plunger. The advance piston has a retracted position, an extended position and may be located anywhere in between. As the advance piston is actuated from the retracted position to the extended position, the pumping plunger is increasingly
10 separated from the cam axis of rotation.
Another aspect of the invention is the use of coaxially nested cam follower assembly and pumping plunger return springs. The use of nested return springs allows a large force to be exerted against the cam follower assembly to maintain the follower in constant contact with the
15 cam. A smaller force is exerted against the pumping plunger to maintain the plunger in constant contact with the advance piston. The use of a low force plunger return spring allows the advance piston to be hydraulically actuated using lubricating oil pressurized by the internal combustion engine.
1. A fuel injector unit pump of the type driven by a cam and functioning
to supply pressurized fuel to an injector for an injection event,
a body (114);
a pumping plunger (24, 124, 224) disposed in said body for reciprocation therein and comprising a driven end (22);
a cam follower assembly (20, 120, 220) engaging the cam and comprising an advance piston (128, 228, 328) which engages the driven end of the pumping plunger (24, 124, 224) for advancing or retarding the timing of the injection event, the advance piston being movable in response to fluid pressure controlled by an advance control (70);
a follower return spring (136, 236) disposed between the body (114) and the cam follower assembly (20, 120, 220); and
a plunger return spring (146) nested within the follower return spring (136, 236) and between the body (114) and the advance piston (128, 228, 328),
characterized in that:
said advance piston (128, 228, 328) comprising an air bleed orifice (29, 386) located in the advance piston (128, 228, 328).
2. The fuel injector unit pump as claimed in claim 1, wherein said
advance piston (128, 228, 328) having a stepped engagement wall (165, 384)
which engages the pumping plunger driven end (22, 322) and the air bleed
orifice (29, 386) is centrally located on the engagement wall (165, 384),
wherein the pumping plunger driven end (22, 322) closes said air bleed orifice (29, 386) during an upstroke of the pumping plunger (24, 124, 224) and opens said air bleed orifice (29, 386) during a down stroke thereof.
3. The fuel injector unit pump as claimed in claim 1, wherein said
advance piston (128, 228, 328) having a channel (140) having a depth which
defines a distance over which the advance piston (128, 228, 328) may move.
4. The fuel injector unit pump as claimed in claim 1, wherein the force of the follower return spring (136, 236) is approximately 13.64 kg (30 pounds).
5. The fuel injector unit pump as claimed in claim 1, wherein the force of the plunger return spring (146) is less than 4.55 kg (10 pounds).
6> The fuel injector unit numt> as claimed in claim. I, having a follower spring seat (148) mounted coaxially about a plunger spring seat (144).
7. The fuel injector unit pump as claimed in claim 6, wherein;
the follower spring seat (148) comprises a lip which engages the plunger spring set (144);
the pumping plunger driven end (22, 122) comprises a flange (153); and
the plunger spring seat (144) comprises a lip (151) which engages the flange (153) of the pumping plunger driven end (22, 122).
8. The fuel injector unit pump as claimed in claim 7, wherein the cam
follower assembly (20, 120, 220) having a housing (155) and the follower
spring seat (148) comprises a retainer (150) for connecting the follower
spring seat (148) to the housing (155).
Dated this 18th day of January, 2002.
OF REMFRY & SAGAR
ATTORNEY FOR THE APPLICANTS
|Indian Patent Application Number||IN/PCT/2002/00070/MUM|
|PG Journal Number||32/2007|
|Date of Filing||18-Jan-2002|
|Name of Patentee||STANADYNE CORPORATION|
|Applicant Address||92 DEERFIELD ROAD, WINDSOR, CONNECTICUT 06095, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.|
|PCT International Classification Number||F02M 59/30|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/US00/22513|
|PCT International Filing date||2000-08-16|