Title of Invention  METHOD FOR SYNCHRONIZATION OF A BASE STATION TO A MOBILE STATION 

Abstract  Method for synchronization of a base station to a mobile station by means of a signal sequence which can be obtained from signal sequence elements by repeating a second signal sequence element and, in the process, a first signal sequence element being modulated onto it, the first and second signal sequence elements being of equal length. 
Full Text  199802510 Foreign version New amended version of 01.05.2001  1 Description Method for synchronization of a base station to a mobile station . 'The invention relates to a method for synchronization of a base station to a mobile station. In signal transmission systems, such as mobile radio systems, it is necessary for one of the communication partners (a first transmission unit) to identify specific defined signals which are transmitted by another communication partner (second transmission unit) . These may be, for example, socalled synchronization bursts (synchronization radio blocks) for synchronization of two synchronization partners, such as radio stations, or may be socalled access bursts. In order to detect and to identify such received signals reliably against the background noise, it is known for the received signal to be continuously correlated with a predetermined signal sequence for a defined period of time, and for the correlation sum to be formed over the time period of the. predetermined signal sequence. That region of the received signal which produces a maximum correlation sum corresponds to the sought signal. The synchronization signal from the base station in a digital mobile radio system is preceded, for example, by a signal sequence as a socalled training sequence, which is detected or determined in the manner just described in the mobile station, by correlation with the stored signal sequence. The mobile stations can thus be synchronized to the base station. Correlation calculations of such a type are also required in the base station, for example for Random Access CHannel (RACH) detection. Furthermore, a correlation calculation is also carried out in order to  2  establish the channel impulse response and the signal delay times of received signal bursts. The correlation sum is in this case calculated as follows: where E(i) is a received signal sequence derived from the received signal and K(i) is the predetermined signal sequence, with i running from 0 to n1. The correlation sum Sm is calculated successively for a number of signal sequences E(i) at different times and obtained from the received signal, and the maximum value of Sm is then established. If k successive correlation sums are calculated, then the calculation effort comprises k * n operations, with a multiplication and addition together being counted as one operation. The calculation of the correlation sums is thus highly complex and, particularly for realtime applications such as voice communication or video telephony, or in CDMA systems, requires powerful and thus expensive processors, which consume a large amount of power during the calculation process. For example, a known signal sequence of length 256 chips (in CDMA, a transmitted bit is also referred to as a chip) has to be determined for synchronization of the UMTS mobile radio system, which is currently being standardized. The sequence is repeated every 2560 chips. Since the mobile station is initially operating asynchronously with respect to the chip clock, the received signal must be oversampled to ensure that an adequate signal is still obtained even if the sampling position is poor. Owing to the sampling of the I and Q components, this leads to 256*2560*2*2 = 2621440 operations. The document "Concatenated Sequences for Spread Spectrum Systems", IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, US, IEEE, Inc. New York,  3  Vol. AES17, No. 3, May 1981 (198105) by Maskara S.L. et al. discloses the modulation of an outer signal sequence with an inner signal sequence, as a result of which a third signal sequence is produced. The invention is based on the object of specifying a method for synchronization between a mobile station and a base station which requires little computation complexity. The object is achieved by the features of patent claim 1. Developments can be found in the dependent claims. Accordingly, the invention is based on the idea of using, for synchronization, a signal sequence which can be obtained from signal sequence elements by repeating a second signal sequence element and, in the process, a first signal sequence element being modulated onto it, the first and second signal sequence elements being of equal length. The calculation of correlation sums in the mobile station which is required for synchronization of a mobile station to a base station can be carried out with little effort as a result of having information about the signal sequence elements in the mobile station. In order to determine a predetermined signal sequence, which is contained in a received signal sequence, by establishing correlation sums, a partial correlation sum sequence of the second signal sequence element is in a development of the invention calculated with corresponding parts of the received signal sequence. In order to calculate a correlation sum, nl elements of the partial correlation sum sequence are selected and are multiplied by the first signal sequence element, in the sense of a scalar product. In a development of the invention, once partial correlation sums have been calculated they are stored and are used to calculate further calculation sums.  4  Thus, when calculating further correlation sums, it is possible to use partial correlation sums which have already been calculated in. advance, and thus to reduce the computation complexity enormously. The term received signal sequence also means a signal sequence which has been derived from a received signal for example by demodulation, filtering, derotation, scaling or analogdigital conversion. Determination of a signal sequence also means determination of the position of the signal sequence within the received signal sequence. The invention will be described in more detail in the following text with reference to various exemplary embodiments, . whose explanation makes reference to thevfigures listed below, in which: Figure 1 shows a schematic illustration of a mobile radio network, Figure 2 shows a block diagram of a radio station, . Figure 3 shows a conventional method for calculating correlation sums, Figure 4 shows an illustration of signal sequences and signal sequence elements according to the invention, Figure 5 shows a schematic illustration of the formation of the signal sequence according to the invention, Figures 6, 7 and 8 show schematic illustrations of a method for calculating a correlation sum, Figures 9 and 10 show schematic illustrations of one embodiment variant of a method for forming the correlation sum. Figure 1 shows a cellular mobile radio network, such as the GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) system, which comprises a large number of mobile switching centers MSC which are networked with one another and produce access to a landline  5  network PSTN/ISDN. Furthermore, these mobile switching centers MSC are each connected to at least one base station controller BSC, which can also be formed by a data processing system. A similar architecture is also used in a UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System). Each base station controller BSC is in turn connected to at least one base station BS. A base station BS such as this is a radio station which can _ set up a. radio link via a radio interface to other radio stations, socalled ¦ mobile stations MS. Information can be transmitted within radio channels f, which are within frequency bands b, by means of radio signals between the mobile stations MS and the base station BS associated with these mobile stations MS. The range of the radio signals of a base station essentially defines a radio cell FZ . Base stations BS and a base station controller BSC can be combined to form a base station system BSS. The base station system BSS is in this case also responsible for radio channel administration and assignment, data rate matching, monitoring of the radio transmission path, handover procedures and, in the case of a CDMA system, for allocation of the spread code set to be used, and transmits the signaling information required for this purpose to the mobile stations MS. In the case of a duplex system, the frequency bands which are provided in FDD (Frequency Division Duplex) systems such as the GSM system for the uplink u (mobile station (transmitting unit) to the base station (receiving unit)) may be different to those provided for the downlink d (base station (transmitting unit) to the mobile station (receiving unit)). Within the different frequency bands b, a number of frequency channels f can be provided by means of an FDMA (Frequency Division Multiple Access) method.  6  In the context of the present application, the term transmission unit also means a communication unit, transmitting unit, receiving unit, communications terminal, radio station, mobile station or base station. Terminology and examples which are used in the course of this application often also relate to a GSM mobile radio system; however, they are in no way limited to this system and, on the basis of the description, can also equally be applied by a person skilled in the art to other mobile radio systems, possibly futu're mobile radio systems., such as CDMA systems and, in particular, wideband CDMA systems. Multiple access methods allow data to be transmitted efficiently via a radio interface, to be separated and to be allocated to one or more specific links and to the appropriate subscriber. A time division multiple access method TDMA, a frequency division multiple access method FDMA, a code division multiple access method CDMA or a combination of a number of these multiple access methods can be used for this purpose. In the case of : FDMA, the frequency band b is subdivided into a number of frequency channels f; these frequency channels are split into timeslots ts by the timedivision multiple access method TDMA. The signals transmitted within a timeslot TS and a frequency channel f can be separated by connectionspecific spread codes, socalled CDMA codes cc, which are modulated onto the data. The physical channels produced in this way are allocated to logical channels in accordance with a specified scheme. A fundamental distinction can be drawn between two types of logical channel: signaling channels (or control channels) for transmitting signaling information (or control information), and traffic channels (TCH) for transmitting user data.  7  The signaling channels are further subdivided into:  Broadcast Channels  Common Control Channels  Dedicated/Access Control Channel DCCH/ACCH) The group of Broadcast Channels includes the Broadcast Control Channel BCCH by means of which the MS receives radio information from the Base Station System BSS, the Frequency o Correction Channel FCCH and the Synchronization. Channel SCH. The Common Control Channels include the Random Access Channel RACH. The radio blocks or signal sequences which are transmitted to provide these logical channels can in this case contain signal sequences K(i), socalled correlation sequences, for various purposes, and signal sequences K(i) can be transmitted on these logical channels for various purposes. By way of example, a method for synchronization of a mobile station MS to a base station BS will be explained in the following text: during a first step of the initial base station search or cell search (initial cell search procedure), the mobile station uses the primary synchronization channel (SCH (PSC)) in order to achieve timeslot synchronization with the strongest base station. This can be ensured by a matched filter or an appropriate circuit which is matched to the primary synchronization code cp but is transmitted by all the base stations. In this case, the same primary synchronization code cp, of length 256, is transmitted by all the base stations BS. The mobile station determines, by means of correlation from a received sequence, the received signal sequences K(i) on the basis of a principle which is explained in Figures 6 to 11 and the associated description. In this case, peaks are emitted at the output of a matched filter for each received signal sequence of each base station which is located within the reception area of the mobile station. The detection of the position of the strongest peak makes it possible to determine the timing of the strongest base station modulo the slot length. In order to ensure greater reliability, the output from the matched filter can be accumulated noncoherently over the number of timeslots. The mobile station thus carries out a ¦correlation over a signal sequence of length 256 chips as a matched filter operation. The synchronization code cp is in this case formed, or can be formed or is obtained in such a way, corresponding to a signal sequence K(i) based on a principle which is explained in Figure 5 and the associated description. The signal sequence K(i) or the synchronization code cp of length 256 is in this case formed, or can be formed in such a way, from two signal sequence elements Kl{j), K2(k), which each have a length of 16. These signal sequence elements in this case form a signal sequence element pair (Kl(j); K2(k)). ' A signal sequence K(i) which is obtained in such a manner can in this case also be referred to as a "hierarchical signal sequence". A signal sequence element can also be referred to as "short correlation sequence". Figure 2 shows a radio station, which may be a mobile station MS, comprising a control unit or interface unii MMI, a control device STE, a processing device VE, a power supply device SE, a receiving device EE and, possibly, a transmitting device SE. The control device STE essentially comprises a programmable microcontroller MC which can access memory modules SPE for writing and reading. The microcontroller MC controls and monitors all the major elements and functions of the radio station. The processing device VE may also be formed by a digital signal processor DSP, which can likewise _ 9  access memory modules SPE. The processing device VE can also provide addition and multiplication means. The program data which are required for controlling the radio station and the communication sequence, in particular the signaling procedures as well, and information obtained during the processing of signals are stored in the volatile or nonvolatile memory modules (SPE). In addition,. signal sequences K(i) which are used for correlation purposes, and intermediate results from correlation sum calculations, can be stored in these memory modules SPE. The signal sequences K(i) which are within the scope of the invention may thus be stored in the mobile station and/or in the base station. It is also possible for one or more signal sequence elements or signal sequence element pairs (Kl(j); K2(k)) to be stored in the .mobile station and/or in the base station. It is also possible for a signal sequence K(i) to be formed from a signal sequence element pair (Kl(j); K2(k)) in the mobile station and/or in the base station. In particular, a signal sequence K(i) which is transmitted at fixed or variable intervals for synchronization purposes can be stored in a base station or in all the base stations in a system. The signal sequence element pair (Kl(j); K2(k)) from which the signal sequence K(i) which is stored in the base station can be formed is stored in the base station MS and is used for synchronization of the mobile station to a base station in order to carry out correlation sum calculations with little computation complexity. The signal sequences and the signal sequence elements can also be stored by storing appropriate information in any desired coded form and by means for storage such as volatile and/or nonvolatile memory modules, or by means of appropriately configured adder  10  or multiplier inputs or corresponding equivalent hardware configurations. The radio frequency section HF may comprise the transmitting device SE, with a modulator and an amplifier V, and a receiving device EE with a demodulator and, likewise, with an amplifier. The analog audio signals and the analog signals originating from the receiving device EE are converted into digital signals by analog/digital conversion, and are processed by the digital signal processor DSP. After processing, the digital signals may be converted by digital/analog conversion into analog audio signals or other output signals, and analog, signals to be supplied to the transmitting device SE. Modulation and demodulation may be carried out. for this purpose. The transmitting device SE and the receiving device EE are supplied via the synthesizer SYN with the frequency from a voltage controlled oscillator VCO. The voltage controlled oscillator VCO also allows the system clock to be produced to provide the clock for the processor devices in the radio station. An antenna device ANT is provided for receiving and transmitting signals via the air interface of a mobile radio system. In some known mobile radio systems, such as the GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication), the signals are received and transmitted pulsed with respect to time, in socalled bursts. The radio station may also be a base station BS. In this case, the loudspeaker element and the microphone element of the control unit MMI are replaced by a link to a mobile radio network, for example via a base station controller BSC and/or a switching center MSC. In order to interchange data simultaneously with a number of mobile stations MS, the base station BS has an appropriately large number of transmitting and receiving devices.  11  Figure 3 shows a received signal sequence E(l) which may be a signal sequence derived from a received signal and has a length w. In order to calculate a first correlation sum SO in accordance with the formula quoted initially, elements in a first section of this received signal sequence E(l) are multiplied in pairs by the corresponding elements in the signal sequence K(i) which has a length n, and the length of the resultant result element are added up to form the correlation sum SO. In order to calculate a further correlation sum SI, the signal sequence K(i) is shifted by one element to the right, as illustrated in graphical form in the figure, and the elements in the signal sequence K(i) are multiplied in pairs by the corresponding elements in the signal sequence E(l), with the correlation sum SI once again being formed by summation of the resultant result elements. The multiplication of the elements in the signal sequence in pairs by corresponding elements in the received signal sequence and subsequent summation can also be described vectorially as the formation of a scalar product, if the elements in the signal sequence and the elements in the received signal sequence are in each case combined to form a vector in a Cartesian coordinate system:  12  In the correlation sums S determined in this way, it is possible to search for the maximum, to compare the maximum of the correlation sums S with a predetermined threshold value, and in this way to determine whether the received signal E(l) contains the predetermined signal sequence K(i) and, if yes, where it is located in the received signal E(l), and thus to synchronize two radio stations to one another and to detect data onto which an individual spread code has been modulated in the form of a signal sequence K(i). Figure 4 once again shows the received signal sequence E(l) and, as a correlation sequence, a signal sequence K(i), which is based on the signal sequence elements Kl(j), K2(k). Figure 5 shows the formation of a signal sequence K(i) which is based on two signal sequence elements K2(k) of length n2 and Kl.(j) of length nl. For this purpose, the signal sequence element K2(k) is repeated ni times, with the signal sequence element Kl(j) being modulated onto it in the process. The formation of the signal sequence K(i) can also be expressed mathematically by the following formula': K(i) = K2(i mod n2) * Kl(i div n2), for i = 0 ...nl*n2l This corresponds to the situation where nl = n2 in the following relationship: K(i) = K2(i mod nl) * Kl(i div n2). In this case, mod denotes the integer remainder of a division, and div denotes the integer result of a division. This is represented in graphical form by a sequence f2 which comprises repeatedly, successively mapped signal sequence elements K2(k), and a sequence fl, which is mapped by an expanded signal sequence element Kl(j) over the sequence f2. The new signal sequence K(i), of length n, is obtained by multiplication of the elements in the sequence f2 by the corresponding elements in the  13  sequence fl which are mapped over the sequence f2. This production of a signal sequence K(i) is illustrated once again below in the figure, based on an example of two binary signal sequence elements of length 4 . The invention is not, of course, limited to signal sequence elements of length 4, or to signal sequences of length 16. The invention is also not limited to the mathematical description used above. By way of example, the contents of the following illustration for signal sequence elements of length 16 and signal sequences of length 256 corresponds to the mathematical representation used above, and is thus likewise included in the invention: a is a signal sequence element with a length of 16 a = the signal sequence y of length 256 is generated by repeating the signal sequence element a 16 times, with a having a second signal sequence element of length 16 modulated onto it: y = *^a, a, a, a_, a_, a, a_, a_, a, a, a, ci, a, a_, a, a ^ where the double underscore indicates the second signal ¦sequence element and the modulation by the second signal sequence element. The signal sequence of length 256 formed in this way can, for example, be transmitted for synchronization purposes as a primary synchronization code cp of length 256. Signal sequences K(i) formed in this way can be used to simplify the calculation of correlation sums of these signal sequences K(i) with received signal sequences E(1). A schematic illustration of such a simplified process for calculating correlation sums S, which is thus also faster and involves less effort, is illustrated in Figures 6 to 8, which are referred to in the following text.  14  A partial correlation sum TS(z) is formed first of all. By way of example, the correlation sum of the second signal sequence element K2(k) with the corresponding section of the received signal sequence E(l) is formed for this purpose for the first element in the partial correlation sum sequence TS(0). As illustrated in graphical form, the second signal sequence element K2(k) is shifted by one element for the second element in the partial correlation sum sequence TS(1), and the correlation sum is likewise formed with the corresponding element in the received signal sequence E(l), etc. The nth element in the partial correlation sum sequence TS(nl*n2l) is calculated in a corresponding manner after n1 shifts of the second signal sequence element K2(k) with respect to the received signal sequence E (1) . The partial correlation sum sequence TS (z) produced in this way is illustrated in the upper part of Figure 7. Each n2th element is now selected from  15  this partial correlation sum sequence and is multiplied in pairs by the corresponding element in the first signal sequence element Kl(j). If the selected elements in the partial correlation sum sequence TS(z) and the first signal sequence element Kl(j) are respectively combined to form vectors, then the first correlation sum SO is produced by the scalar product of these two vectors. The lower part of Figure 7 shows the corresponding calculation for further correlation sums SI and S2, respectively, by the selection of the n2th elements which have been shifted by one or two places to the right from those elements which were selected first: ' Al(O) N / 75(1) S\ = K\(j) TS(j*"2) = K\(0)* 7S(0)+...+K\{j)*TS{j*n2)+... \KHn)))) \TS((n)})*n2)J The storage of the partial correlation sums TS once they . have been calculated allows them to be referred back to when further correlation sums are calculated later, and thus makes it possible to dispense with the corresponding computation steps. Depending on the design variant, it is either possible first of all to calculate the complete partial correlation sum sequence TS(z) over the entire received signal sequence E(l) and then to calculate the individual correlation sums, or to calculate the corresponding additionally required partial correlation sums only when required in order to calculate a new correlation sum.  16  Figure 8 once again shows the method, which comprises two steps, for calculating correlation sums S, on this occasion with reference to the example, illustrated in Figure 5, of two binary signal sequence elements of length 4. In a first step, the partial correlation sums TS(z) of the second signal sequence element K2(k) + +  + are calculated with corresponding sections of the received signal sequence E(l) and then, in a second step, every fourth element in the partial correlation sum sequence TS(z) produced in this way is selected, is multiplied by the corresponding element in the first signal sequence element Kl(j) ++> and these are added up to form the correlation sequence SO. The thick lines in this case represent those calculation steps which need to be carried out newly in order to calculate a further correlation sum SI in the situation where the other partial correlation . sums TS have already been calculated and stored in advance. This design variant can be carried out using memory as efficiently as possible if every n2th partial correlation sum is calculated first of all. The sample values are buffer stored for this purpose. Figures 9 and 10 illustrate another design variant to simplify the calculation of correlation sums S on the basis of the example, already mentioned above, of two binary signal sequence elements of length 4. In this case, every fourth element in the received signal sequence E(l) is first of all selected, and the partial correlation sum sequence TS(z) of the elements selected in this way with the signal sequence element Kl (j) is formed. Four successive elements are in each case selected from the partial correlation sum sequence TS(z) obtained in this way and are multiplied in pairs by corresponding elements in the signal sequence element K2(k) and the resultant result elements are added up to form the correlation sum S. In  17  this case, the thick lines once again represent the additionally required steps to calculate a further correlation sum SI in the situation where the other partial correlation sums TS have already been calculated and stored in advance. Figure 10 once again shows the calculation of a first correlation sum SO in which every fourth element in the received signal sequence E(l) is first of all selected, these elements are multiplied by corresponding elements in the first signal sequence element Kl(j) ++, and the partial correlation sum TS(0) is calculated by summation of the result elements. In a second step, the first four successive elements in the partial correlation sum sequence TS(z) are multiplied by the corresponding elements in the second signal sequence element K2(k) +++, and the resultant result elements are added up to form the correlation sum SO. In this design variant, less memory is required for buffer storage of the partial correlation sums, if the sums are calculated successively. In one preferred design variant of the invention, Barker sequences are used as signal sequence elements since, with respect to their length, these offer bestpossible autocorrelation characteristics. The use of a " signal sequence of length 169 is particularly suitable for the abovementioned methods, and is formed by two Barker signal sequence elements of length 13. Such a sequence can advantageously be used in particular in a UMTS mobile radio system. Depending on the design variant, the elements in the signal sequence elements may assume values on the unit circle, any given real values, or any given complex values. Furthermore, a further refinement of the invention provides for two signal sequence elements of the same length to be used. It is also possible to use  18  the same sequence for both signal sequence elements. In addition, it may be advantageous to use the mirror image of the first signal sequence element as the second* signal sequence element: Kl(j) .= K2(nlj). It is also possible to use a shortened signal sequence with less than nl * n2 values. In this case, the last element in the partial correlation sum sequence (for calculating a new correlation sum) is first of all calculated in shortened form in order, to calculate the correlation sums, and is then calculated completely (in order to calculate the partial correlation sum sequence required for the following correlation sums). This allows the generation of signal sequences of any desired length. Thus, using the nomenclature introduced above, a shortened signal sequence Ks(i) is used, whose length ns is less than nl*n2. ns = nl*n2  delta, nl can. be selected such that delta The calculation is carried out analogously to the method already described, just with shortened partial correlation sequences TSs additionally being calculated, whose length is likewise delta shorter than n2. The (shortened) first correlation sum SO can then be calculated, with the shortened partial correlation sum being used for the last term, in contrast to the method described above.  19  The unshortened partial correlation sum TS(i) which will be required later is advantageouslycalculated using the stored partial correlation sequence TSs(i). It is also possible to use a lengthened signal sequence, that is to say with more than nl * n2 values. In this case, the correlation sums are calculated by calculating the first part (nl*n2 terms) using the above method, with additional terms also being added. The correlation sequence Kl(i) to this end contains a correlation sequence K(i) according to the invention, but lengthened by additional elements. This method once again allows the generation of sequences of any desired length. Thus, using the nomenclature introduced above, a lengthened correlation sequence Kl(i) is used, whose length is nl greater than nl*n2. Thus Kl(i) = K(i) for 0 The calculation is carried out analogously to the already described method, just with the additional terms also being calculated using any desired method, either conventionally or likewise according to the invention. In a further variant of the most recently described exemplary embodiment, additional values are inserted at the start and/or between the (modulated) repetitions of the signal sequence element K2. the elements which are not inserted are then processed further using a method as above, and the inserted elements are processed further either conventionally, or likewise using a method according to the invention. Another development of the invention envisages the use of more than two signal sequence elements, with  20  a signal sequence element itself comprising signal sequence elements. A further refinement of the invention makes use of the regular (virtually periodic) structure of the aperiodic autocorrelation function of this signal sequence resulting from the regular construction principle of the signal sequence K(i) . This means that the search for a signal produces not only a main maximum but also secondary maxima at regular intervals. The regularity of the position of the maxima can be utilized to speed up the search for the signal sequence in the received signal sequence. As soon as a secondary maximum has been found, the position of the other maxima can be o predicted on the basis of the periodicity, that is to say the correlation sum is calculated only at these points. This allows the main maximum to be detected quickly. However, the supposed secondary maximum may also just be a value which has been increased randomly (owing to the amount of noise). In this case, no maximum will actually be found at the potential points for the expected main maximum. In this case, the hypothesis is thus rejected, and the calculation is continued conventionally. However, the regularity of the secondary maxima resulting from the construction principle of the signal sequences can also be used to eliminate and correct for interference secondary maxima in the correlation result. After detection of the maximum, the secondary maxima can be calculated from this maximum, and this value can be subtracted from the corresponding correlation results. This results in the correlation result for a (hypothetical) sequence with a perfect autocorrelation function. The regularity of the secondary maxima thus results in a highly simplified calculation. The invention is not limited to radio transmission systems, but can also be used for other  21  transmission methods, for example ,acoustic methods (ultrasound), in particular for sonography purposes, or optical methods, for example infrared measurements based on Lidar principles. One' further field of application is the investigation of changes in the spectral composition of backscattered signals. The formation of signal sequences, their transmission and the calculation of correlation sums for these signal sequences with received signal sequences may be used for the purpose of synchronization of two transmission units, for example radio stations, in particular the use of these sequences in the: synchronization' channel in CDMA mobile radio systems, such as the UMTS system which is currently being standardized. 22 We claim 1. A method for synchronization of a base station (BS) to a mobile station (MS), in which the base station transmits a signal sequence K(i) of length n, which can be formed in such a way that [lacuna], in which a second signal sequence element K2 (k) of length n2 is repeated nl times and, in the process, has a first signal sequence element Kl(j) of length nl modulated onto it, in which nl is equal to n2, and in which this signal sequence K(i) is determined in a mobile station. 2. The method as claimed in claim 1, in which n is equal to 256, nl is equal to 16, an n2 is equal to 16. 3. The method as claimed in one of the preceding claims," in which the signal sequence K(i) is formed by modulation of the second signal sequence element K2(k) in accordance with the following rule: K(i) = K2(i mod n2) * Kl(i div n2). The method as claimed in one of the preceding claims, in which the predetermined signal sequence K(i) contained in a received signal sequence E(l) is determined in the mobile station by establishing the correlation sums S of the signal sequence K(i) with corresponding sections of the received signal sequence E(l), with a partial correlation sum sequence TS(z) of the signal sequence element K2(k) with corresponding parts of the received signal sequence E(l) being calculated, and nl elements of the partial correlation sum sequence TS(z) being selected in order to calculate a correlation sum S, and being multiplied by the signal sequence element Kl(j) in the sense of a scalar product. AMENDED SHEET 23a  5. The method as claimed in claim 4, in which AMENDED SHEET  24  nl in each case n2th. elements of the partial correlation sum sequence TS(z) are selected in order to calculate a correlation sum S. The method as claimed in one of claims 1, 2 or in which the predetermined signal sequence K(i) contained in a received signal sequence E{1) is determined in the mobile station by establishing the correlation sums S of the signal sequence K(i) with corresponding sections of the received signal sequence E(l), with a partial # correlation sum sequence T.S(z) of the signal sequence element Kl(.j) with selected elements of the received signal sequence E(l) being calculated, and n2 elements of the partial correlation sum sequence TS(z) being multiplied by the signal sequence element K2(k), in the sense of a scalar product, in order to calculate a correlation sum S. 7. . The method as claimed in claim 6, in which' nl in each case n2th elements of the received signal sequence E(l) are selected in order to calculate a partial correlation sum TS. 8. . The method as claimed in one of claims 4 to 7, in which calculated partial correlation sums TS are stored, . and are used in order to calculate a further correlation sum S. Method for synchronization of a base station to a mobile station by means of a signal sequence which can be obtained from signal sequence elements by repeating a second signal sequence element and, in the process, a first signal sequence element being modulated onto it, the first and second signal sequence elements being of equal length. 

Patent Number  207366  

Indian Patent Application Number  IN/PCT/2001/00226/KOL  
PG Journal Number  23/2007  
Publication Date  08Jun2007  
Grant Date  07Jun2007  
Date of Filing  27Feb2001  
Name of Patentee  SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT  
Applicant Address  WITTELSBACHERPLATZX 2 D80333 MUNCHEN  
Inventors:


PCT International Classification Number  H 04 J 13/00  
PCT International Application Number  PCT/DE99/02779  
PCT International Filing date  19990902  
PCT Conventions:
