|Title of Invention||
PIPERAZINE AND PIPERIDINE DERIVATIVES OF FORMULA I
|Abstract||The invention relates to a group of novel piperazine and peperidine derivatives of the fonnula wherein Y is hydrogen, halogen, alkyl (1-3C), or CN, CF3, OCF3,SCF3, alkoxy (1-3C), amino or mono, -or dialkyl(1-3C) substituted amino or hydroxy, X is 0, S, SO or S02, -~-Z represents -C, = C or N, Rl and R2 independently represent hydrogen or alkyl (1-3C), Q is benzyl or 2- 3- or 4-pyrodylmethyl, which groups may be substited with one or more substituents from the group halogen, nitro, cyano, amino, mono- or di(1-3C) alkylamino, (1-3C) alkoxy, CF3, OCF3, SCF3, (1-4C)-alkyl, (1-3C)alkylsulfonyl or hydroxy, and salts and prodrugs thereof. It has been found that these compounds have interesting phannacological properties due to a combination of (partial) agonism towards the members of the dopamine D2-receptor subfamily and affinity for relevant serotonin and / or noradrenergic receptors.|
The present invention relates to a new group of piperazine and piperidine derivatives having interesting pharmacological properties due to a combination of (partial) agonism towards the members of the dopamine D2-receptor subfamily and affinity for relevant serotonin and/or noradrenergic receptors.
It is known from EP 0189612 that piperazine derivatives substituted at one nitrogen with a phenyl-heterocyclic group, and unsubstituted at the other nitrogen atom, have psychotropic activity.
Further it Is known from EP 0190472 that benzofuran- and benzodioxole-piperazine derivatives substituted at the other nitrogen atom of the piperazine group, have also psychotropic activity. Finally it is known from EP 0169148 that 1,3-dihydro-4-(1-ethyl-1,2.3.6-tetrahydropyrklin-4-yl)-2H-indol-2-one and similar compounds have analgetic properties-It has now surprisingly been found that a small group of piperazine and piperidine derivatives having formula (I)
more substituents from the group halogen, nitro, cyano, amino, mono- or di
(1-3C)aIkylamino, (1-3C) alkoxy, CF3, OCF3, SCF3, (1-4C)-alkyl. (1-3C)alkylsulfonyl or hydroxy,
and salts and prodrugs thereof have a combination of (partial) dopamine D2-receptor subfamily
agonism and affinity for relevant serotonergic and/or noradrenergic receptors.
Preferred compounds according to the invention are compounds of the formula (I) wherein Y, R1
and R2 are hydrogen, X represents oxygen, and —2 and Q have the above meanings, and the
Especially preferred are the compounds wherein Y, R1 and R2 are hydrogen, X is oxygen, —Z
represents -N and Q is optionally substituted benzyl.
Compounds according to the invention show affinities for at least two members of the dopamine D2 receptor subfamily (pKi range 6.0 - 9.5) and a relevant serotonin (5-HTIA 1 5HTgA, 6HT7) receptor (pKi range 5.0 - 8.0) and/or noradrenergic (α1, Α2) receptors, measured according to well-defined methods (e.g.: Creese I, Schneider R and Snyder SH, pH]-Spiroperidol labels dopamine receptors In rat pituitary and brain, Eur J Phanvacol 1997, 46: 377-381 and Gozian H. El Mestlkavvy S, Pichat L. Glowinsky J and Hamon M, 1983, identification of presynaptic serotonin autoreceptors using a new ligand ^H-PAT. Nature 1983, 303:140-142).
The compounds show varying activities as (partial) agonists towards members of the dopamine D2 receptor subfamily and surprisingly towards the serotonin S-HT1A receptor and/or noradrenergic α1 receptor. This activity in general was measured on the formation of adenylate cyclase in cell-lines expressing these cloned receptors (e.g, human D2 receptors and 5-HTA receptors expressed In OHO ceff Ifne according to the methods described by Solomon Y. Landos C, Rodbell M. 1974, A highly selective adenylyl cyclase assay, Anal Btochem 1974, 58: 541-548 and Weiss S, Sebben M and Bockaert JJ, 1985, Corticotropin-peptide regulation of intraceJIular cyclic AMP production in cortical neurons in primary culture, J Neurochem 1985, 45:869-874).
The unique combination of (partial) dopamine D2 -receptor subfamily agonism and affinity towards relevant serotonin- and/or noradrenergic- receptors results in a surprisingly broad activity in several animal models, predictive for psychiatric and/or neurologic disturbances. The compounds show a surprisingly high efficacy In a therapeutic model for anxiolytic/antidepressant activity: the conditioned ultrasonic vocalization model in rats (see e.g.: Molewljk HE, Van der Poel AM, Mos J, Van der Heyden JAM and Olivier B (1995), Conditioned ultrasonic vocalizations in adult male rats as a paradigm for screening anti-panic drugs, Psychopharmacofogy 1995,117: 32-40). The activity of the compounds in this model was In the low microgram/Kg range, which is surprisingly more active (by a factor 100 to 3000) compared to
the compounds previously described in EP 0190472 and EP 0398413.
In addition these compounds also show effects in models predictive for antidepressant activity at higher doses (forced swim test, see e,g.: Porsolt RD, Anton G. Blavet N and Jalfre M, 1978, Behavioural despair in rats: A new model sensitive to antidepressant treatments, Bur J Pharmacol 1978, 47:379-391 and the differential reinforcement of low rates of responding model In rats, see e.g.: McGuire PS and Seiden LS. The effects of tricyclic antidepressants on perfonnance under a differential-reinforcement-of-low-rate schedule In rats, J Pharmacol Exp Tfter 1980,214:635-641),
Depending on the degree of partial agonism towards the dopamine D2-receptor subfamily, compounds tend to behave like full dopamine receptor agonists In induced climbing behaviour in mice, or, in the presence of a full dopamine receptor agonist, behave like a dopamine antagonist in the, e.g. apomorphine-induced climbing behaviour in mice (antagonism of apomorphine-induced climbing behaviour in mice, e.g.: Costall B, Naylor RJ and Nohria V, Differential actions of typical and atypical agents on two behavioural effects of apomorphine in the mouse. Brit J Pharmacol 1978, 63:381-382; suppression of locomotor activity, e.g.; File SE and Hyde JRG, A test of anxiety that distinguishes between the actions of benzodiazepines and those of other minor tranquflltsers or stimulants, Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1979,11; 65-79). Compounds of the invention show potent efficacy in animal models predictive of anti-Parkinsonlan activity. These include 6-OH-DA Induced turning behavior in rats (Ungerstedt U. 6-OH-DA induced degeneration of central monoamine neurons, Eur, J. Pharmacol. "IBQB 5: 107-110), MPTP-lesioned Mannoset monkey (Nomoto M. Jenner P, Marsden CD: The dopamine agonist D2 agonist LY 141865 but not the D2 agonist SKF 38393, reverses Parkinsonism induced by 1.methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridlne (MPTP) in the common Marmoset. NeuroscL Lett., (1985) 57; 37-41), Surprisingly, compounds of the invention lack the unwanted side effects associated with currently used dopaminergic drugs, including induction of stereotypy, nausea, dizziness and vomiting.
The compounds are of value in the treatment of affections or diseases of the central nervous system, caused by disturbances of the dopaminergic and/or serotonergic and/or noradrenergic systems, for example: addiction (including craving), anxiety disorders (including e.g. generalised anxiety, panic, obsessive compulsive disorder), depression, autism, schizophrenia, Parkinson's disease, disturbances of cognition and memory.
Suitable acids with which the (impounds of the invention can form acceptable acid addition salts are for example hydrochloric acid, sulphuric acid. phosphoric acid. nitric acid, and organic acids such as citric acid, fumaric acid, maleic acid, tartaric acid, acetic; add, benzoic acid, p-toluene sulphonic acid, methane sulphonic add and naphtalene sulphonic acid.
Prodrugs are derivatives of the compounds having formula (I) wherein a group is present which is easily removed after administration. Suitable prodrugs for example are compounds containing one of the following groups; amidine, enamlne, a Mannich base, a hydroxy-methylene derivative, an 0-(acyloxymethylene carbamate) derivative, carbamate or enamlnone.
The compounds and the salts thereof can be brought into forms for administration by means of usual processes using auxiliary substances such as liquid and solid carrier materials.
The compounds of the invention can be prepared according to methods known for the synthesis of analogous compounds.
Compounds having formula (i) wherein —Z represents -N or-C can be obtained by reacting
the corresponding compound wherein Q is hydrogen with a compound Q-Hal, wherein Q has the
above meanings and Hal is halogen, preferably bromine. This reaction can be carried out in a
solvent such as acetonitrile in the presence of a base, for example ethyl-diisopropylamlne or
The starting compounds wherein Q is hydrogen and —Z is -N are known or can be obtained as
described in EP 0189612. Starting compounds wherein Q is hydrogen and -Z is -C can be
obtained as described below in schema A.5 (compound lll-H),
The compounds B1, i.e compounds having fomnula (I) wherein —Z represents =C
can be obtained according to the method indicated in the following scheme A.i:
The starting compound for step (if) can be obtained according to the procedure described in J. Org. Chem. 46, (1980), 4789, and step (ii) itself can be carried out as described in J. Org. Chem.. 47, (1982), 2804. Step (ill) is carried out in a manner known for this type of chemical reactions.
The Invention will be illustrated in the following Examples:
General Procedure for method A:
a) To 1 mmol of halide Q-Hal, 0.8 mmol of l-H (--Z = -N) dissolved in 7,5 ml of CH3CN was added. Subsequently 0.43 ml (2.5 mmol) of (iPr)2NEt was added and the resulting mixture was stirred for 3 hrs at 85 °C. After the reaction mixture had reached roomtemperature, 7.5 ml of dichloromethane were added, the resulting solution was put on top of a solid phase extraction column (Varian 5g type Si) and the fraction containing the desired product was subsequently put on top of a solid phase extraction column (Varian 5g 0.8 meq./g type Strong Cationic Exchange (SCX). conditioned on MeOH. then CH2CI2)) after which the column was washed 2 times with MeOH. Then, the latter column, was washed with 0.1 M NHg/MeOH and elution was performed with 1.0 M NHa/MeOH. The eluate was concentrated in vacuo removing solvent and the rest of (l-Pr)2NEt, yielding the expected product.
It is also possible to perform the purification with standard chromatographic procedures. In a single case (i.e. A1). the solvent used was dimethylformamlde (DMF), see below.
b) 10.2 g (40 mmol) of l-H.HCI were suspended in 150 ml of DMF, to the stirred resulting mbdure 21 ml (120 mmol) of (l-Pr)2NEt were added. During a period of 10 minutes a solution of 7.0 g (41 mmol) of benzylbromlde in 25 ml of DMF was added at room temperature, the process is slightly exothermic (5-10 °C), Stirring was continued 3 hrs at room temperature after which the reaction mixture was poured on to 700 ml of water. Subsequently extraction was performed with 3x 250 ml of ethylacetate. the combined organic fractions washed with 2x 150 ml of water and dried with MgSO4. Removal of the drying agent by filtration and of the solvent In vacuo yielded 10.5 g of raw product. The latter was purified by flash column chromatography (SIO2, eluent CHaCl2/MeOH 98/2). yielding 8.5 g (69%) of pure product A1 as a free base, m.p.: 189-190 °C,
The compounds A2 to A46 as indicated in table A have been prepared analogously to procedure a) of method A.
Step ii end Hi (scheme AJ):
Under an inert atmosphere, 16.5 g (78.2 mmol) of N-(tert.butyloxycarbonyl)-mete-fluoroaniline were dissolved in 230 ml of dry tetrahydrofuran (THF) after which the solution was cooled to -76 °C (dry ice , acetone). While stirring, a solution of tert butyl-lithium in heptane (ca. 156 mmol, 2 molequlvalents) was added slowly after which the reaction mixture was stirred for 0.5 hrs at -70 °C, and subsequently for an additional 2 hrs at -25 °C. Again the reaction mixture was brought to -75 °C and a solution of 14.4 mi N-benzylpiperidone (78 mmoi. 1 moleqilvalent) in 26 mi of dry THF. The reaction mixture was allowed to reach room temperature and stirred for an additional 16 hrs. Subsequently, 250 ml of 2M HCI was carefully added, the resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3x). The water layer was, while stirring, poured on to 84 g of NaHCOa after which the waterlayer was again extracted with EtOAc. The resulting organic layer was dried on Na2S04.. After removal of the drying agent by filtration and of the solvent by evaporation in vacuo, 15 g of a dark yellow oil was Isolated. Column chromatography (SiO2, eluent CH2Cl3MeOH 9/1) yielded 7.5 g (ca. 30%) of a light yellow foam. While stin-ing. 1 g of the foam was triturated with di-ethyl ether and a small volume of EtOAc. After 50 hrs the solid material was filtered and washed with with di-ethyl ether/hexane to yield 0.5 g of a nearly white solid x1, mp 125-8 °C.
Step iv (scheme AJ):
While stirring. 6.3 g (19.4 mmol) of x1 (scheme A.I.) was dissolved in 260 ml of dioxane after which 160 ml of concentrated HCI was added, the resulting mixture was refluxed for 1.5 hrs. The reaction mixture was allowed to reach room temperature after which It was poured on to 140 g of NaHCO3, subsequently about 250 ml of EtOAc were added and an amount of water enough to solve all of the solid material, the pH was >7. The layers were separated and the waterlayer was extracted with EtOAc (2x). The combined organic fractions (3). were dried on Na2SO4. After
removal of the drying agent by filtration and of the solvent by concentration In vacuo, 8 g of a dark yellow oil was isolated which solidified on standing. Column chromatography (SiO2, eluent: EtOAc) yielded 4.56 g (ca. 30%) of a nearly white product. The latter was suspended in hexane and stirred for 20 hrs. Filtration and drying of the residue yielded 3.S g (59%) of a white solid B1 as a free base, mp ca. 153 °C.
Preparation of intermediate lll-H of scheme A.i. Step V fscheme Ai);
2J1 g (8.9 mmol) of B1 of scheme A.I. were dissolved in 250 ml of absolute EtOH. To the latter solution 0.6 g of 20% Pd(0H)2 on carbon was added after which the reaction mixture was subjected to hydrogenation for 18 hrs at roomtemperature. Subsequently the reaction mixture was filtered (hyfio supercel) and the residu (hyflo) washed with methanol/triethylamlne 97/3. The filtrate was concentrated In vacuo yielding 1,87 g of a nearly whfte solid which was suspended In EtOAc and stirred for 20 hrs. Filtration of the solid and subsequently drying afforded 1.56 g (81%) of the intennediate lll-H (scheme Ai).
1. Compounds having formula (I)
- Y is hydrogen, halogen, alkyl (1-3C), or CN, CF3, OCF3, SCF3, alkoxy(l-3C), amino
or mono or dialkyl(l-3C) substituted amino or hydroxy,
-X is O or S,or SO or SO2,
—Z represents -C, =C or -N,
- R1 and R2 independently represent hydrogen or alkyl (1-3C),
- Q is benzyl or 2-, 3- or 4-pyridylmethyl, which groups may be substituted with one or more substituents from the group halogen, nitro, cyano, amino, mono- or di (1-3C) alkylamino, (1-3C) alkoxy, CF3, OCF3 SCF3 (l-4C)-alkyl, (1-3C) alkylsulfonyl or hydroxy, and salts.
2. The compounds as claimed in claim 1, wherein Y, R1 and R2 are hydrogen, X represents oxygen, Q is (substituted) benzyl and —Z has the meaning given in claim 1.
3. The compounds as claimed in claim 2, wherein Q is benzyl and —Z represents
4. A method for the preparation of the compounds claimed in claim 1 by reacting
a compound having formula (la).
with a compound of the formula Q-Hal, in a manner as herein described, wherein Q has the meaning given in claim 1 and Hal is halogen.
5. A pharmaceutical compositions containing at least one compound as claimed in
claim 1 as an active component along with other pharmaceutically acceptable
6. Compound as claimed in claim 1 wherein Z represents nitrogen and Q
represents benzyl, thus represented by the formula:
|Indian Patent Application Number||IN/PCT/2002/1836/CHE|
|PG Journal Number||26/2007|
|Date of Filing||08-Nov-2002|
|Name of Patentee||SOLVAY PHARMACEUTICALS B.V.|
|Applicant Address||C.J. Van Houtenlaan 36 NL-1381 CP Weesp|
|PCT International Classification Number||C07D413/14|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/EP2001/005320|
|PCT International Filing date||2001-05-10|