|Title of Invention||
VISUALIZING PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOR OF ABTRACTED NETWORK ELEMENTS
|Abstract||A method of visualizing patterns of change and behavior on a computer infrastructure having a plurality of nodes, said method comprising: a. providing- a set of color nues; b. providing predetermined rates of change or behavior for each node of said computer infrastructure; c. associating a color hue with a rate of node change or behavior; d. monitoring said nodes to determine said rate of node change or behavior of each node; e. displaying a colorized map of said nodes of said computer infrastructure; and f. displaying a first quantitative percentage of change graphic associated with said nodes of said computer infrastructure wherein for each of said nodes, displaying is said color hue associated with said monitored rate of node change of behavior.|
|Full Text||S ACT, 1970 (39 of 1970)
& THE PATENS RULES, 2003
[See section 10, Rule 13]
VISUALIZING PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOR OF ABTRACTED NETWORK ELEMENTS;
INNOVATIVE SYSTEM DESIGN INC., A CORPORATION ORGANIZED AND EXISTING UNDER THE LAWS OF UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, WHOSE ADDRESS IS EDISON, NJ, U.S.A.
THE FOLLOWING SPECIFICATION PARTICULARLY DESCRIBES THE INVENTION AND THE MANNER IN WHICH IT IS TO BE PERFORMED.
Apparatus, Method, and Article of Manufacture for Visualizing Patterns of Change and Behavior On A Compute Infrastructure
David Nocera, Lorelei Wagner
CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATI0N(S)/CLA1M OF PRIORITY
This application claims the benefit of US Application Number 60/422,005, filed October
29,2002, which is incorporated in its entirety herein.
This application also relates and incorporates by reference in its entirety International
Application Number PCT/US 02/18473, entitled "Apparatus, Method, and Article of
Manufacture for Managing Change on a Compute Infrastructure," filed June 11,2002.
STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT Not applicable.
REFERENCE OF AN APPENDIX Not applicable.
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates generally to compute and/or network management and more particularly to an improved system, method, apparatus, and article of manufacture for visualizmg patterns of changes and behavior on a compute infrastructure such as the one shown in Figure 10.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Heretofore, compute infrastructure change visualization techniques involve programmed alerting generated by user defined events on individual technology components or processes. Determining what components have changed and isolating patterns of failure has been the responsibility of the individuals tasked with responding to alarms. As expected, the process is often time-consuming and cumbersome.
Furthermore, the existing focus of alerts on component or process failures undermines the ability of individuals to identify components with a pattern of success.
Accordingly, what is needed is a comprehensive way to visualize change on a compute infrastructure, and more particularly, a solution that detects and presents patterns of both positive and negative change on a compute infrastructure.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention (also called Differential View) addresses the aforementioned problems of the prior art by providing for, among other things, an improved apparatus, method and article of manufacture for visualizing patterns of change and behavior on a compute infrastructure. Differential View provides for complete visualization of infrastructure change
and behavior and further provides interactive filters that identify and display patterns of change and behavior, on a graduated scale, for the compute infrastructure as a whole and for specific groups within the infrastructure.1
Other aspects, features and advantages of the present invention will become better understood with regard to the following description and accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Referring briefly to the drawings, exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which Figures 1-10 graphically illustrate certain aspects and features of the present invention.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
Referring more specifically to the drawings, for illustrative purposes aspects of the present invention is depicted in the exemplary embodiments generally shown in Figures 1-10. It will be appreciated that the illustrated embodiments may vary as to their details, for example, representative icons (a square maybe a circle), configuration (the exact screen layout maybe adjusted), etc., without departing from the basic concepts disclosed herein. The following description, therefore, should not to be taken in a limiting sense.
High Level Description
1 This allows any type of compute data to be consolidated and visualized; this view can occur pre- or post- database load, or without ever loading data to a database. Furthermore, the attribute-values may represent any defined test
Figure 1 illustrates a graphical representation of an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. As shown, the graphical view includes several underlying support mechanisms including: Colorized Grid of Nodes2 (Fig 1 -1.0): a map of nodes being monitored, grouped for ease of association (in this example, the white lines in the grid divide the nodes by location) colored by evaluation of change status; Baselines (Fig 1 - 2.0): a selection of sets of predefined node attribute values with which to evaluate node conformity; Groups (Fig 1 - 3.0): user defined node groupings for change and behavior pattern isolation; Pie Charts (Fig 1 - 4.0,4.1): for providing quantitative percentage of change within the selected set of nodes for referential comparison; Time Frame (Fig 1 - 5.0, 5.1,5.2): utilities from which to alter the time frame evaluated and presented; Auto Focus (Fig 1 - 6.0): a utility which evaluates the groups to present those with the greatest deviation from expected values; Custom Color (Fig 1 — 7.0): a utility to select the colors in which the graduated values for change appear; Rotate (Fig 1 - 8.0): providing view control; Create Report t (Fig 1 - 9.0): a report generator.
Figure 2 illustrates the group selection progression of functionality listed in the description of Figure 1. It presents the group" pattern identification process which consists of the primary graphical view and supporting mechanisms: Selection of Groups (Fig 2 -1.0), select the group to be distinguished from the enterprise node view; Identification of Nodes within Group Selection (Fig 2 - 2.0), nodes which belong to the selected Node Group are highlighted to be
(unit, system, performance, or industrial process).
distinguished from the foil population of nodes; Group Selection Pie Chart (Fig 2-3.0) provides visualization of the quantitative percentage of change within the selected set of nodes; Node View Pie Chart (Fig2 - 4.0) provides visualization of the quantitative percentage of change in full population to provide a basis with which to compare the group to the whole. This ability provides a means by which to isolate the groups with the highest rate of change. The Auto Focus button (Fig 2-5.0) when clicked, will automatically select and present the group with the most significant rate of change.
Figure 3 progresses beyond group selection and into analysis of the group selection through Baseline Comparison.3 Selection of Groups (Fig 3 -1.0), select the group to be distinguished from the enterprise node view; Selection of Baseline (Fig 3 - 2.0), select the Baseline through which to filter the node group (this example provides a visualization of nodes in WEB-GRP1 and how they align with the pre-established attribute-value pairs in the WEB-PATCHES Baseline). Node View (Fig 3 - 3.0) presents the group nodes with the status relative to the Baseline; Node View Pie Chart (Fig 3 - 4.0) continually provides visualization of the quantitative percentage of change in full population. Group Selection Pie Chart (Fig 3-5.0) provides visualization of the quantitative percentage of change within the baseline for the selected set of nodes (in this example, 100% of WEB-GRP1 exactly match the WEB-PATCHES
2 The concept of Node is not limited to a physical object and can be extended to a logical concept like a business
process, object or application.
3 It is not necessary to select a Group in order to select a baseline. One could look at a Baseline for patterns of
change or behavior across the enterprise node view; however, patterns are more easily tracked when using both the
Baseline and a Group. Figure 3 and 4 combined illustrate the use of Baseline compare to quickly analyze and isolate
the set of attributes which are out of range within a Group
Baseline. This would quickly allow a system administrator to dismiss WEB-PATCHES as a problem area and allow him or her to look for other areas in which to find root cause of change.4
Figure 4 illustrates the means with which to progress through the Baselines to identify the properties, or patterns, of the most intense change in the infrastructure. The group selected remains as it was in Fig 3, i.e., Web-GRPl. Since, as described in Fig 3, the User learned that the Baseline WEB-PATCHES had no changes, they move to another Baseline in an effort to identify a pattern of the change. Selection of Baseline (Fig 4 - 1.0), select the Baseline through which to filter the node group (this example provides a visualization of nodes in WEB-GRP1 as filtered through the attribute-value associations of NT-PERF). Node View (Fig 4 - 2.0) presents the group nodes with the status relative to the Baseline; Node View Pie Chart (Fig 4-3.0) continually provides visualization of the quantitative percentage of change in fall population Group Selection Pie Chart (Fig 4 - 4.0) provides visualization of the quantitative percentage of change within the baseline for the selected set of nodes. Comparing the Node View Pie Chart to the Group View Pie Chart indicates quickly that the percentage of change is greater in the NT PERF Baseline than the greater population and indicates an area for further investigation.5
Figure 5 depicts the drill down from Figure 4, focusing specifically on the Node Group and Baseline selected at the point the User Drills Down. Node Group View (Fig 5 - 1.0), presents the selected group nodes, delineated by location, with the status relative to the Baseline. The drill-down view reduces the number of nodes in the map, while leaving the remainder of the screen and its corresponding functionality intact.
4 Multiple Groups may be selected.-
5 Multiple Baselines may be selected.
Figure 6 illustrates alternate 3D views of Drill Down. 3D- Z Axis (Fig 6 - 1.0) is the power axis and can be configured by the User to represent any key aspect of the nodes being monitored (e.g. CPU Power (3of CPUs * CPU Speed), # of Users, Revenue,)
The color assigned to a node is determined using a weighted moving average. Increasing the time of the sampled data for each attribute creates an average. The greater the percentage of change against that average, the greater the deviation and the greater the color shift (e.g. Green to Red).
The delta time is used to compute a moving average for each sample. Time is actually the number of samples back in time, e.g., if the Daily sample is selected (as shown in Figure 6), a delta time of 5 equates to the average of the last five days. The maximum and minimum of the averages are used to compute the entire range of possibility.
For example, if a CPU attribute is selected and it is currently 25%, and the last five days it was: 90%, 10%, 50% 50% and 50%, the min is 10%, the max is 90% and the moving average is (90+10+30+35+50)/5 = 43%. Since 25 is less then 43% it will be on the green scale where 10 is bright green and 43 is the midway point to red. To compute the exact color of green on the scale, 43-10 is 33 and 25-10 = 15, so 15/33 is the percentage of green on the scale. Figure 7 depicts a graphical illustration of this point.
Figure 8 identifies the radio button selections for time comparison (Fig7 - 1.0) Daily, Weekly and Monthly. The timeframe can be customized by using the Custom Timeframe Button
(Fig 7 - 2.0), this customization will allow complex time selections like each Monday between 2 PM and 5 PM. Sliding Sample Mean Time (Fig 7-3.0) is used to allow the end user to change the default moving average in the computation of changes for Metrics types of attributes.
User Color Selection
As shown in Figure 9, a user can change the colors in their view according to the user preferences.
Finally, Figure 10 illustrates an exemplary network/compute infrastructure having Managers (Fig 10 -1.0, 2.0,2.1, 2.2), Managers with Gateways (Fig 10 - 3.0), Gateways (Fig 1 -4.0), Managed Nodes with Agents (Fig 10 - 5.1, 5.2, 5.3 etc), Managed Nodes that are Agentless (Fig 10 - 6.0, 6.1, 6.2 etc), Software including application software, that can be managed like a node (Fig 10 - 7.0,7.1 etc.), and Special Devices that can be managed (Fig 10 - 8.0, 8.1, etc).
Having now described embodiments of the present invention, it should be apparent to those skilled in the art that the foregoing is illustrative only and not limiting, having been presented by way of example only. All the features disclosed in this specification (including any accompanying claims, abstract, and drawings) may be replaced by alternative features serving the same purpose, and equivalents or similar purpose, unless expressly stated otherwise. Therefore, numerous other embodiments of the modifications thereof are contemplated as falling within the scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereto.
The techniques may be implemented in hardware or software, or a combination of the two. Specifically, the techniques may be implemented in computer programs executing on programmable computers that each include a processor, a storage medium readable by the processor (including volatile and non-volatile memory and/or storage elements), at least one input device and one or more output devices. Program code is applied to data entered using the input device to perform the functions described and to generate output information. The output information is applied to one or more output devices. Each program is preferably implemented in a high level procedural or object oriented programming language to communicate with a computer system, however, the programs can be implemented in assembly or machine language, if desired. In any case, the language may be a compiled or interpreted language. Each such computer program is preferably stored on a storage medium or device (e.g., CD-ROM, hard disk or magnetic diskette) that is readable by a general or special purpose programmable computer for configuring and operating the computer when the storage medium or device is read by the computer to perform the procedures described in this document. The invention may also be considered to be implemented as a computer-readable storage medium, configured with a computer program, where the storage medium so configured causes a computer to operate in a specific and predefined manner.
1. A method of visualizing patterns of change and behavior on a computer
infrastructure having a plurality of nodes, said method comprising:
a. providing- a set of color nues;
b. providing predetermined rates of change or behavior for each node of said
c. associating a color hue with a rate of node change or behavior;
d. monitoring said nodes to determine said rate of node change or behavior of
e. displaying a colorized map of said nodes of said computer infrastructure;
f. displaying a first quantitative percentage of change graphic associated with
said nodes of said computer infrastructure wherein for each of said nodes,
displaying is said color hue associated with said monitored rate of node change
2. A method for displaying text information on a map,
a. Wherein text is displayed on the icons on the map;
b. Wherein text is assigned based on the value of a single attribute;
c. Wherein text is the result of the output of a function, which takes as input
multiple attributes; and
d. Wherein text is a result of the output of a user-defined function.
3. The method as in claim I, further comprising :
a. displaying textual data on at least a portion of said colorized map, said textual data comprising attribute information pertaining to said nodes of said computer infrastructure.
4. A method to compare alternate groupings of nodes to one another,
a. Wherein selecting one or more saved node groups, highlights the nodes in
that group, so that they can be observed in relationship to fee whole population
b. Wherein the whole population remains visible;
c. Wherein the nodes in the node group become obvious by means of
altering the color of the border around the node;
d. Wherein the nodes in the node group become obvious by means of a 3-
dimensional effect, where the nodes in the node group apparently pop out;
e. Wherein words, color, lines or graphics are used to identify nodes within the node group
against the population of nodes; and
f. Wherein the population of nodes patterns in an inverse manner (e.g. highlighting,
receding, color pattern etc), so as to draw attention to the nodes in the node group.
5. A graph to identify the percent of pattern of all the nodes in a node group,
a. Wherein the pattern in the overall population of nodes is contained in the pie chart;
b. Wherein only the selected group's pattern is illustrated in the pie chart;
c. Wherein any graph is used to illustrate pattern;
d. Wherein exists an auto focus function, that will automatically select the node group with
the most amount of pattern;
e. Wherein exists an auto focus, that will automatically select and sort all node groups,
displaying the one with the most pattern on the top, but allowing the user to cycle through all of
the choices in rank order of most to least pattern;
f. Wherein exists the ability to customize pattern colors on a global basis; and
g. Wherein exists the ability to customize pattern colors on a per node basis, so that specific
nodes have specific color ranges.
6. The method as in any of the preceding claims wherein the pattern can be display as single
color representing no pattern, such as green and another single color representing pattern such as
a. Wherein the colors are selectable; and
b. Wherein the colors can be selected on a per node basis.
7. The method as in any of the preceding claims wherein the pattern can be displayed as a range of color,
a. Wherein the colors are selectable;
b. Wherein the colors can be selected on a per node basis;
c. Wherein the contribution of individual attributes to the overall color can be controlled by
the user such as in a weighted average;
d. Wherein the color displayed is controlled by a number that is returned from a moving
average function, whose values indicates the percentage in the color range to display;
e. Wherein the number of samples that go into the moving average is controlled by the user
as delta time;
f. Wherein a trade secret algorithm, not fully disclosed, displays the range of color from the
rate of pattern, such that, an attribute that is normally high (e.g. CPU 90%) gravitates to green
(good) over time, even though the average is high;
g. Wherein the condition to determine the range of pattern is a user defined function,
specific to the attribute being tested for pattern; and
h. Wherein the user can determine to what degree the individual attributes contribute to the overall color. This allows individual attributes (e.g. CPU) to have greater impact on the color than less significant attributes (e.g. free pages in memory).
8. The method as in any of the preceding claims wherein the custom timeframes can be selected, allowing the data that is used to contribute to a pattern computation and color display to come from specific recurring times.
9. The method as in any of the preceding claims wherein the baselines are used to contain saved attributes results (e.g. TCP settings and CPU thresholds),
a. Wherein the system functions normally without baselines such as using the last state is
the default baseline;
b. Wherein baselines contain all or a subset of the attribute values; and
c. Wherein baselines are used to highlight which nodes (in the general sense) have
legitimate values for those attributes. In other words, nodes without legitimate values for
attributes defined display differently. For example, nodes without CDROM disks have no
legitimate attribute for CDROM Baseline and are turned gray when the CDROM baseline is
10. A pie chart to display the percentage of pattern in a specific Baseline,
a. Wherein the percentage of pattern for all the attributes contained in the baseline is
summarized graphically in a pie chart; and
b. Wherein any alternate graph such as a bar chart can also be used to summarize pattern.
11. A drill down capability to limit the size of the population of nodes (in a general sense)
a. Wherein the drill-down capability exists to limit the display to only the nodes in a group;
b. Wherein the drill-down capability exists to limit the display to only the nodes that contain
attributes in one or more saved Baselines; and
c. Wherein exists a mechanism to combine via AND/OR conditions to display drill down
from either baselines and node groupings to further limit a population.
12. A method to visualize temporal patterns in data,
a. Wherein the user can view a: . infrastructure only using attribute data from
specific timeframes (such as every Monday between 2PM and 4 PM) to either include or exclude from the visualization;
b. Wherein the user can define a function that can customize timeframes, such as every
Monday between 2 and 4 PM; and
c. Wherein the user can string together by means of AND/OR conditions multiple functions
for define multiple ranges of time from which to exclude or include attribute data.
Dated this 25th day of May, 2005.
FOR INNOVATIVE SYSTEM DESIGN INC. By their Agtent
|Indian Patent Application Number||486/MUMNP/2005|
|PG Journal Number||42/2008|
|Date of Filing||25-May-2005|
|Name of Patentee||INNOVATIVE SYSTEM DESIGN INC.|
|Applicant Address||EDISON ,NJ|
|PCT International Classification Number||G06F|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/US2003/034370|
|PCT International Filing date||2003-10-29|