|Title of Invention||
ENERGY-ABSORBING DEVICE FOR THE END OF RAIL VEHICLES
|Abstract||1. An energy-absorbing device for the end of a rail vehicle with a subframe with a vertically arranged front wall interface area, the device comprising: a base frame; an energy absorbing arrangement connected to said base frame; wherein said energy absorption arrangement includes side energy-absorbing elements arranged on the base frame on both sides and a vehicle coupling fastened to said base frame through a coupling mounting, wherein said energy absorbing arrangement cooperates with said base frame to form a pre-assembled module and is fastened as a compact pre-assembled module only to the vertically arranged front wall interface area of the sub-frame of the rail vehicle.|
|Full Text||FORM 2
THE PATENTS ACT, 1970 (39 Of 1970)
COMPLETE SPECIFICATION (See Section 10)
ENERGY-ABSORBING DEVICE FOR THE END OF RAIL VEHICLES
VOITH TURBO SCHARFENBERG GMBH & CO. KG. of GOTTFRIED-LINKE STRABE 205, D-38239 SALZGITTER, GERMANY, GERMAN Company
The following specification particularly describes the
nature of the invention and the manner in which it is
to be performed : -
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The invention relates to an energy-absorbing device for the end of rail vehicles.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
From DE 195 02 217 A1 it is known for example for multi stage energy-absorbing devices to be arranged in the subframe area of rail vehicles. These exhibit a reversible energy absorbing device as primary stage which in the form of an elastomer cartridge is integrated in the shaft of a central buffer coupling and is designed to absorb the impact forces occurring during journeys and shunting. The shaft itself can be fastened to the sub-frame by means of an elastomer spring joint (elastic/reversible energy absorption) and possibly by means of breaking elements (inelastic/irreversible energy consumption through deformation energy).
A second secondary energy-absorbing device for absorption of impact energies arising from excessive impacts is arranged in the form of two side buffers, possibly with climbing guards on the outer edge of the end.
A further energy-absorbing device for rail vehicles is known for example from EP 858 937 A2 in which after exhaustion of the energy-absorbing capacity of a primary energy-absorbing device working reversibly on the coupling shaft of a central buffer coupling, a second energy absorbing device ensures further impact and energy dissipation through a force-directing element, e.g. a buffer which is set back.
Until now, the energy-absorbing devices named previously have been developed and adapted individually for each vehicle and integrated into the vehicle as individual elements. The result is a large number of interfaces with the vehicle, combined with high matching and adaptation costs with a variety of technical risks. A rigid random interface specification frequently leads to complicated or uneconomical solutions. Even with the same kind of design principles, for every new order this leads to a new product with high one-off development costs, additional procurement and storage costs, commissioning costs, and regularly to new technical risks and to major quality risks.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Therefore, the underlying object of the invention is to create an energy-absorbing device which reduces the costs of adaptation and matching between the vehicle manufacturer and the supplier of the energy-absorbing device or coupling and the design and/or quality risks.
The modular construction of the energy/absorbing device is perfectly in keeping with the trend to platform vehicles with a different front design in the rail vehicle industry and this guarantees rapid installation and interchangeability. The technical and financial risks are minimized by substantial reduction of the interfaces and the
extensive use of tried and tested standard components which are adapted to the performance requirements but independent of a particular vehicle.
The invention is explained in greater detail in the following with reference to an embodiment example.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Figure 1 shows a perspective illustration of the energy-absorbing device according to the invention.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
The energy-absorbing device according to the invention is fastened to the end of rail vehicles by means of a base frame 1. The base frame 1 contains and carries all the proposed elements of the energy-absorbing device and is fastened as a compact/ pre-assembled module to the sub frame 9 in the interface area of the rail vehicle. In addition, a coupling 3, embodied as a center coupling or center buffer coupling, is fastened in the vertical longitudinal median plane of the base frame 1 or rail vehicle by means of a coupling mounting 8 which essentially guarantees the necessary horizontal deflections, but as a rule also elastically supports the vertical and cardanic deflections occurring in service (elastomer spring joint).
A side energy-absorbing element 4, which is preferably of regenerative design, is arranged on either side of the base frame 1. The energy-absorbing elements 4 are fastened by brackets 5 on the side of the base frame 1 and joined to one another by a bumper bar 6 which essentially extends horizontally. The energy-absorbing elements 4 are attached to the bumper bar 6 by means of an adapter 7 in each case.
The bumper bar 6 is arranged above the horizontal plane of the coupling in the embodiment example in FIG. 1, but can also be provided in the horizontal plane of the coupling.
For designs according to the embodiment example, the bumper bar 6 is usually connected securely to the side energy-absorbing elements 4 through the adapters 7. The coupling 3 is designed so that it can be set back behind the bumper bar 6 inside the vehicle profile. The coupling 3 can be set back in particular by manual or automated swivelling, telescoping or buckling of the coupling rod in a joint 2 and is often required or desirable for safety reasons for the free uncoupled end of a rail vehicle 1, in particular for trams which at least in part share the road with other road users. An additional coupling flap can be provided to cover the end of the free space in the area of the coupling under the bumper bar 6. The coupling flap can be designed so that it can be detached manually or swivelled manually 5 or automatically for example.
For designs in which the bumper bar 6 is arranged in the horizontal plane of the coupling, the bumper bar 6 can be put out of operation in a resting position, in particular by manual removal or by swivelling it downwards or upwards. The bumper bar 6 has to be moved out of the horizontal plane of the coupling in order to be able to move the coupling 3 out of the resting position into the working position, when the end of the rail vehicle concerned is to be made ready for coupling.
The bumper bar 6 is moved into the resting position and the coupling 3 is moved into the working position automatically (e.g. by means of an electric motor), manually or with power assistance (e.g. pressurized gas spring).
The base frame 1 with the energy-absorbing device and the coupling 3 can be fastened as a pre-assembled complete energy-absorbing and coupling module to the sub-frame 9 of the rail vehicle through a defined unified interface.
The base frame 1 can be provided and integrated in the subframe 9 of the vehicle as a static load-bearing element.
1. Base frame
4. Energy-absorbing element
6. Bumper bar
8. Coupling mounting
1. An energy-absorbing device for the end of a rail vehicle with a subframe with a
vertically arranged front wall interface area, the device comprising:
a base frame;
an energy absorbing arrangement connected to said base frame; wherein said energy absorption arrangement includes side energy-absorbing elements arranged on the base frame on both sides and
a vehicle coupling fastened to said base frame through a coupling mounting, wherein said energy absorbing arrangement cooperates with said base frame to form a pre-assembled module and is fastened as a compact pre-assembled module only to the vertically arranged front wall interface area of the sub-frame of the rail vehicle.
2. An energy-absorbing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the side-energy absorbing elements are regenerative side energy-absorbing elements.
3. An energy-absorbing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the side energy-absorbing elements are joined by a bumper bar which extends horizontally.
4. An energy-absorbing device as claimed in claim 3, wherein the bumper bar is located in a horizontal plane of the coupling.
5. An energy-absorbing device as claimed in claim 3, wherein the bumper bar can be put out of operation in a resting position.
6. An energy-absorbing device as claimed in claim 5, wherein the bumper bar has mounting supports so that it can be moved into and out of the resting position.
7. An energy-absorbing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the vehicle coupling is embodied so that it can be set back behind the bumper bar inside the end profile of the vehicle.
8. An energy-absorbing device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the base frame is provided and integrated in the sub-frame of the rail vehicle as a static load-bearing element.
Dated this 21st day of January, 2003.
HIRAL CHANDRAKANT JOSHI
VOITH TURBO SCHARFENBERG GMBH & CO. KG
|Indian Patent Application Number||96/MUMNP/2003|
|PG Journal Number||26/2007|
|Date of Filing||22-Jan-2003|
|Name of Patentee||VOITH TURBO SCHARFENBERG GMBH & CO. KG|
|Applicant Address||GOTTFRIED-LINKE STRABE 205, D-38239 SALZGITTER, GERMANY.|
|PCT International Classification Number||B61D 15/06|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/DE02/01953|
|PCT International Filing date||2002-05-28|