|Title of Invention||
|Abstract||A cavity filter comprising a body and a plurality of centre conductors, characterized by an elevation (22,52,44,62) provided on the bottom of the cavity for securing centre conductors among other things, wherein the width of said elevation (22,52,44,62) is at least equal to the diameter of the bottom surface of the centre conductors.|
|Full Text||FORM 2
THE PATENTS ACT 1970
[39 OF 19701
[See Section 10]
TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ERICSSON [PUBL], a Swedish company, of S-126 25 Stockholm, Sweden,
The following specification particularly describes the nature of the invention and the manner in which it is to be performed:-
WO 00/38270 PCT/SE99/02415
FIELD OF INVENTION
5 The present invention relates to an improved cavity filter that can be readily manufactured and worked to a high degree of precision. More particularly, the invention relates to a particular design of the cavity bottom of such a filter.
10 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
When constructing and manufacturing high-frequency filters for radio base stations, the filters are built-up to form so-called cavity filters that consist of a plurality of
15 cavities, either with a separate centre conductor in each cavity or with more than one centre conductor per cavity. These filters are used, for instance, in base stations for GSM-based mobile telephony at the frequencies of 900 MHz and 1800/1900 MHz.
Each cavity and its centre conductor/conductors functions as an electric oscillating circuit that can be represented by a parallel oscillation circuit having an inductive part L and a capacitive part C when the filter is tuned to a quarter
25 wavelength of the received signal. The inductive part is determined essentially by the length of the centre conductor, while the capacitive part is determined essentially by the diameter of the centre conductor and its distance from the cavity side walls and a trimming plate provided on the
30 cavity. The filter cavities are disposed in juxtaposed relationship, so that the electromagnetic field generated by the oscillations in one cavity will' induce an electric current in an adjacent cavity and therewith also generate oscillations therein. Adaptation of the filter properties is
35 most often achieved through the medium of openings in the walls between two adjacent cavities, so as to enable the
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coupling factor to be trimmed. The width of the openings between adjacent cavities or the height of the walls therebetween may be variable so as to enable a correct coupling factor to be obtained. However, a cavity filter may 5 also be constructed without walls between mutually sequential centre conductors. In such a filter construction, trimming of the coupling factor between centre conductors can be effected by changing the distance therebetween.
10 It will be evident from the aforegoing that one important aspect of the function of the cavity filter is that the centre conductor is disposed on a very flat cavity bottom. Since the depth of the cavity influences the function of the cavity, it is essential that the filter body can be
15 manufactured to precise measurements with respect to the distance between the cavity bottom and the upper edge of respective walls, so as to achieve good parallelity between said bottom and said upper edges.
2 0 An example of an earlier known cavity bottom construction is shown in Figure 1, which also shows a known centre conductor. The Figure illustrates in cross-section a centre conductor 13 mounted in a cavity that comprises a cavity-defining body 11 and a cavity bottom 12. In this known construction, the
25 bottom 12 is formed in the same working step as the manufacture of the cavity in general. This method of manufacture, however, means that the cavity bottom will not obtain the surface finish, planarity or flatness, that is required in order for the centre conductor to fulfil its
30 function in the best way.
According to this known solution, the centre conductor 13 is hollow so that it can be secured to the cavity bottom 12 by means of a screw 14 passed through openings in the bottom 35 surface of the centre conductor and the bottom of said cavity. The electric junction between the centre conductor
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and the cavity bottom is comprised of the bottom surface that lies around the screw, which bottom surface may be deficient with respect to surface finish and flatness in the case of this known construction. 5
It is thus desirable to obtain a cavity filter that has the aforedescribed advantageous properties and that can be manufactured readily despite the high precision requirements involved. 10
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to an improved cavity filter construction. 15
A first object of the invention is to provide a cavity filter that can be readily manufactured despite high precision requirements.
20 Another object of the present invention is to provide a cavity filter where only certain parts of the cavity and the upper edge of the side walls need be precision worked so as to obtain a very flat surface on which the centre conductors are secured while achieving, at the same time, precise
25 measurements and parallelity between the bottom surface and the upper edge of said cavity.
These objects are achieved with an inventive cavity filter that includes a plurality of centre conductors which are 30 disposed either on a flat groove that is preferably elevated slightly above the bottom of the cavity or on cylindrical portion that forms an integral part of the cavity filter. The cavity filter need not include any intermediate walls.
35 A first advantage afforded by the inventive cavity filter is that it enables manufacture to be simplified. Instead of
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accurately working, e.g. machining or treating, the whole of the cavity bottom in order to obtain a flat bottom surface, it is only necessary to machine the aforesaid groove or the upper surface of said cylindrical portion in order to obtain 5 the requisite degree of flatness. This working can be effected in one single manufacturing stage, by excluding the walls between the cavities. The obtained flat surface provides a reference surface in the continued working of the cavity body, so as to obtain an exact measurement and good 10 parallelity between the centre conductor contact surface and the upper edge of the cavity body.
Another advantage afforded by the inventive cavity filter is that trimming of the coupling factor between mutually 15 adjacent centre conductors is simplified. The walls between two centre conductors are not required for trimming purposes, and all that is necessary is to change their distance from the machined groove.
20 The invention will now be described in more detail with reference to preferred exemplifying embodiments thereof and also with reference to the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Figure 1 illustrates an earlier known arrangement of a centre conductor in a cavity filter.
Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view and a view taken from 30 above of a first embodiment of an inventive cavity filter.
Figure 3 illustrates a part of an inventive cavity filter having means for securing and adjusting a centre conductor.
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Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view and a view taken from above of a second preferred embodiment of an inventive cavity filter.
5 Figure 5 illustrates a centre conductor in an inventive cavity filter according to the first embodiment of the present invention fastened to the bottom of the cavity.
Figure 6 illustrates a centre conductor in an inventive 10 cavity filter according to the second embodiment of the present invention fastened to a cylindrical portion that is an integral part of the cavity.
15 DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view and a view taken from above of a first embodiment of an inventive cavity filter. The filter 20 includes a body 21 and a cavity bottom 23 in
20 which there is provided a groove 22 for securing a centre conductor. In the illustrated embodiment, the groove is raised about 1-2 mm above the bottom 23 of the cavity and extends through said cavity or through several cavities that are delimited by side walls 21, 25.
Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view showing a part of an inventive cavity filter according to the first embodiment of the present invention and a centre conductor 53. The cavity filter includes a body 51 and a cavity that is covered by a
30 trimming plate 55. In the embodiment shown in figure 5, the centre conductor 53 is fastened to a groove 52 raised above the cavity bottom, this groove corresponding to the grove 22 in figure 2. The groove 52 has been worked to a very flat surface and is slightly wider than the diameter of the centre
35 conductor. It will be seen from the figure that an inventive cavity filter which enables a flat surface to be readily
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created can be used advantageously in arranging the centre conductors when good contact is required between the centre conductor and the cavity bottom.
5 One advantage afforded by the inventive cavity filter is that no particular precision requirements need be made when manufacturing the moulded or cast body 21. In the preferred embodiment shown in figure 2, that part intended for the groove 22 is raised slightly above the surface of the cavity
10 bottom 23. This preliminarily formed surface need not fulfil high flatness requirements at this stage. On the other hand, the raised surface must be higher than the level of the desired flat surface, since the flatness of this desired surface is preferably achieved by a milling process or by
15 some flat-polishing process. Manufacture can thus be effected both rationally and inexpensively and with only a small amount of waste.
In the case of the inventive cavity filter it is only
20 necessary to machine two parts of the filter to a high degree of precision in order to achieve the requirement of a flat surface for attachment of the centre conductor on the one hand and to obtain precise measurements between the cavity bottom and the upper edge of the cavity walls on the other
25 hand, these two parts corresponding to the groove 22 and the side wall 25 and body 21. The flat groove 22 is obtained by milling the pre-formed raised surface on the cavity bottom 23, or by some other general flat-polishing process. Because the cavity filter according to this preferred embodiment of
30 the invention lacks intermediate walls between the various centre conductors, the cavity bottom can be worked in one single working stage instead of working each individual cavity. The resultant flat bottom surface can be used as a reference surface for working the upper side of the cavity
35 walls. It shall be possible to adjust the distance between the groove on the bottom of the cavity and the upper edge of
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the cavity side walls to a very precise measurement. The upper edge and the groove shall extend parallel with one another so that the same distance can be retained therebetween along the full extent of the cavity filter. 5
A cavity filter according to the first embodiment has a groove 22, 52 which is elevated slightly above the bottom of the cavity and which is worked to obtain a high degree of flatness. When working a raised groove no burrs will occur,
10 meaning that the edges of the groove need not be subsequently worked. The height of the groove, however, can be varied to provide a suitable working measurement. In one conceivable modification of the inventive cavity filter, the groove may be provided directly on the bottom of the cavity in the
15 absence of a raised surface, or may even be milled to a level slightly beneath the level of the bottom of the cavity. On the other hand, it is essential that the groove is at least equally as wide as the diameter of the bottom surface of the centre conductors disposed thereon, so that said conductors
20 will rest on the bottom of the groove with the whole of the bottom surface and particularly with the outer edge. This is a decisive feature, since the electric current in the centre conductors is conducted essentially nearest the surface. In the case of the preferred embodiment, however, the width of
25 the groove is at least twice as large as the diameter of the bottom surface of the centre conductors.
A filter according to the preferred embodiment does not require the presence of intermediate walls between the
30 various centre conductors, and the groove can thus extend along one or more cavities. As before mentioned, this enables a groove to be formed more easily on the bottom of the cavity. Mechanical working of the filter is simplified because walls between the cavities need not be worked
35 mechanically in order to trim the coupling factor of the centre conductors. Trimming is normally effected by changing
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the opening between two mutually adjacent cavities. The field strength of the electromagnetic fields between two centre conductors can be changed through the medium of these openings to obtain different coupling factors. In the case of 5 the inventive cavity filter, trimming is conveniently effected by altering the distance between the juxtaposed centre conductors on the groove. Figure 3 shows part of an inventive cavity filter according to the first embodiment of the present invention that includes side walls 31 and a
10 groove 32 which extends through one or more cavities. The position of a centre conductor 33 mounted on the groove 32 can be adjusted in relation to an adjacent centre conductor 35, by moving the centre conductor 33 along a contemplated groove 3 6 until the correct distance between the centre
15 conductors 33 and 35 has been reached. The centre conductor 3 3 can be moved either solely in the longitudinal direction of the groove or in a composite direction of movement, i.e. simultaneously in the longitudinal direction of the groove and orthogonally thereto. The centre conductor 33 is only
20 then secured in the groove 32.
Because the aforesaid requirements relating to flatness, precise measurements and parallelity between the groove and the upper surface of the cavity walls are fulfilled along the
25 whole of the groove, the centre conductors can be arranged readily in the desired positions in the groove for trimming purposes. However, this does not exclude a cavity filter that includes a groove such as that described above in which trimming is effected by changing the height or the opening
30 width of intermediate walls 24 between mutually adjacent cavities, provided that the openings are wider than the groove so that said grooves can be produced in one single working step. Intermediate walls 24 may, however, also be required to enhance the stability of the body in the casting
35 or moulding process when manufacture takes place under very high pressures.
Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view and a view taken from above of a second preferred embodiment of the present invention. The filter 40 includes a body 41 and a cavity 5 bottom 42 in which there are provided cylindrical portions 44 that form an integral part of the cavity filter. According to this embodiment, from the pre-formed upper surfaces 4 5 of said cylindrical portions 44 a flat surface is obtained by milling said pre-formed surfaces 45, or by some other general
10 flat-polishing process. At least some of said cylindrical portions 44 are designed with a hollowness 46 through their entire length along with the centre axis and through the cavity bottom. Said hollowness is intended for mounting a centre conductor. Thus, it is only necessary to machine said
15 upper surfaces 45 of the filter to a high degree of precision in order to achieve the requirement of a flat surface for attachment of the centre conductor on the one hand and to obtain precise measurements between the cavity bottom and the upper edge of the cavity walls on the other hand. Trimming is
20 done by means of pegs 47 that are arranged between said cylindrical portions. The trimming can be influenced by the position of said pegs and their height.
Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view showing a part of an
25 inventive cavity filter according to the second embodiment of
the present invention and a centre conductor 63. The cavity
filter includes a body 61 and a cavity that is covered by a
trimming plate 65. In this embodiment, the centre conductor
63 is fastened to a cylindrical portion 62 that is an
30 integral part of the cavity filter. Said cylindrical portion
62 has been worked to a very flat surface 64. The hollowness
66 along with the centre axis of the cylindrical portion 62
is preferably equipped with threads such that the centre
conductor 63, possibly equipped with an additional trimming
35 element 67 can be screwed in.
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The inventive cavity filter is preferably produced by a casting or moulding process in which a body 21 is obtained as a one-piece structure. The material from which the filter 20 is comprised must fulfil certain criteria. An advantageous material shall be readily workable so that the groove in the cavity bottom 23 and the measurement of the side walls 25 and possible intermediate walls 24 can be provided in a simple manner. The material must also be light in weight, so as not to increase the weight of the filter more than necessary and shall have good current conducting capacity. These requirements are fulfilled essentially by aluminium and magnesium, for instance.
It will be understood that the invention is not restricted to the aforedescribed and illustrated exemplifying embodiments thereof and that modifications can be made within the scope of the following Claims.
1. A cavity filter comprising a body and a plurality of centre conductors, characterized by an elevation (22,52,44,62) provided on the bottom of the cavity for securing centre conductors among other things, wherein the width of said elevation (22,52,44,62) is at least equal to the diameter of the bottom surface of the centre conductors.
2. A cavity filter as claimed in Claim 1, wherein said elevation being designed as cylindrical portions (44,62) forming an integral part of the cavity bottom (42) and placed with certain distances between each other.
3. A cavity filter as claimed in Claim 2, wherein pegs (47) intended for trimming of the coupling factor and mounted between at least some of said cylindrical portions (44).
4. A cavity filter as claimed in Claim 1 or 2, wherein solely the upper surface (22a, 64) of the elevation on the cavity bottom exhibits good flatness; and the upper surface (25) of the cavity walls has a given fixed distance from the upper surface (22a,64) of said elevation along the full length of the filter.
5. A cavity filter as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the width of the elevation (22,32,44,52) is at least twice the diameter of the bottom surface of the centre conductors.
6. A cavity filter comprising a body and a plurality of centre conductors, characterised by a groove provided on the bottom of the cavity for securing centre conductors among other things, wherein the width of said groove is at least equal to the diameter of the bottom surface of the centre conductors.
7. A cavity filter as claimed in Claim 6, wherein solely the upper surface of the groove on the cavity bottom exhibits good flatness; and the upper surface (25) of the cavity walls has a given fixed distance from the upper surface of said groove along the full length of the filter.
8. A cavity filter as claimed in Claim 6, wherein the width off the groove is at least twice the diameter of the bottom surface at the centre conductor
9. A cavity filter as claimed in Claim 1 or 6, wherein the filter lacks intermediate walls between mutually adjacent centre conductors, either completely or in part.
10. A cavity filter as claimed in any one of Claims 1-9, wherein the cavity body is comprised of aluminium.
11. A cavity filter as claimed in any one of Claims 1-9, wherein the cavity body is comprised of magnesium.
12. A method for the manufacture of a cavity filter, characterised by casting or moulding a cavity body as a one-piece structure with at least one raised surface on the cavity bottom and surface-grinding a flat-bottom elevation on said raised surface and mounting a plurality of centre conductors on said raised surface.
13. A method for the manufacture of a cavity filter, characterised by casting or moulding a cavity body as a one-piece structure and surface-grinding a flat-bottom groove along the cavity bottom and mounting a plurality of centre conductors on said flat groove.
14. A method as claimed in Claim 12 or 13, wherein manufacturing the cavity body without providing intermediate walls between mutually adjacent cavities, either completely or in part.
Dated this 8th day of June , 2001.
of Remfry & Sagar
Attorney for the Applicants
|Indian Patent Application Number||IN/PCT/2001/00675/MUM|
|PG Journal Number||19/2007|
|Date of Filing||08-Jun-2001|
|Name of Patentee||TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ERICSSON [PUBL]|
|Applicant Address||A S-126 25 STOCKHOLM SWEDEN|
|PCT International Classification Number||N/A|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date||1999-12-17|