|Title of Invention||
METHOD FOR OPERATING A WIND POWER STATION AND WIND POWER STATION
|Abstract||A method for operating a wind-energy generating plant with a generator for supplying electrical energy to an electricity grid, wherein the wind-energy generating plant has a rotor, having rotor blades with pitch control coupled to the generator, characterized in that energy supplied by the generator to the grid is controlled or adjusted as a function of the grid frequency of the electrical grid and the energy fed to the grid is reduced when the grid frequency is more than 3% above its desired value|
|Full Text||Aloys Wobben, Argestrasse 19, 26607 Aurich
Method of operating a wind power Installation and a wind power Installation
The present Invention concerns a method of operating a wind power installation having an electrical generator drivable by a rotor for delivering electrical power to an electrical network to which the wind power installation is connected. The invention further concerns a wind power installation comprising a rotor and an electrical generator coupled to the rotor for delivering electrical power to an electrical consumer, in particular an electrical network.
In the case of weak electrical (Island) networks the network frequency rises very sharply (abruptly) when a relatively large consumer Is separated from the electrical network. The drive machines such as for example diesel engines, water wheels or the like require some time in order then to reduce their (mechanical and electrical) power. During that time those generators produce more energy than is taken from the electrical network. That energy is then consumed for accelerating the generators. This means that the rotary speed and therewith also the network frequency rises.
As many items of electrical equipment, for example computers, electric motors and the like, which are connected to the electrical network are however not designed for fluctuating network frequencies or abrupt changes therein, that can result in damage to electrical machines, going as far as destruction thereof.
The object of the present invention Is to eliminate the above-described problems when wind power installations are connected to the electrical network.
In accordance with the invention that object is attained by a method having the features set forth in claim 1 and a wind power installation having the features set forth in claim 4. Advantageous developments are described in the appendant claims.
In accordance with the invention it is proposed that, if wind power installations are operated on such weak networks, their (mechanical and) electrical power is to be controlled in dependence on the rising network frequency. That is intended to prevent a further rise in the network frequency or to achieve a reduction in the network frequency.
The invention is described in greater detail hereinafter by means of an embodiment. In the drawing:
Figure 1 shows a frequency/power time diagram of a wind power installation,
Figure 2 shows a side view of a wind power installation.
Figure 3 shows a block circuit diagram of an inverter, controlled by a microprocessor, of a wind power installation.
Figure 4 illustrates a regulating device of a wind power installation,
Figure 5 illustrates coupling of a wind power installation to an electrical network, and
Figure 6 shows an alternative arrangement to Figure 3.
Figure 1 shows the demand on a wind power installation for its output power P to be reduced in dependence on the electrical frequency f of the network. The value of 100% in that respect represents the reference frequency (50 Hz, 60 Hz) of the electrical network. The values 100.6% and 102% respectively are correspondingly higher values of the network frequency f.
The electrical power of the wind power installation is not yet regulated downwardly for example upon a rise in the network frequency by 0.6% (that is to say to 100.6%). If thereafter the network frequency rises still further then the electrical power of the wind power installation is regulated down. In the illustrated embodiment the electrical power of the wind power installation is regulated down to zero power, with a rise in the network frequency to 102%.
Figure 3 shows an embodiment of a wind power installation which satisfies that demand. The wind power installation has adjustable rotor blades (pitch regulation for the rotor blades) so that the mechanical power of the wind power installation can be regulated down. If for example the
attack angle of the rotor blades relative to the wind is adjusted, then the force on the rotor blades can also be reduced to a desired value. The electrical alternating current of the generator (not shown) which is connected to the rotor carrying the rotor blades is rectified by nneans of a rectifier 2 and smoothed by means of a capacitor 3. The inverter 4 then converts the dc voltage into an alternating current which is delivered to the networl Figure 4 shows the regulating device according to the invention. The diagrammatically illustrated rotor 4 of the wind power installation is coupled to a generator G which provides an electrical power which depends on the wind speed and thus the wind power. The ac voltage produced by the generator G is firstly rectified and then converted by means of the inverter into an ac voltage which is of a frequency corresponding to the network frequency. The network voltage is ascertained at the network feed-in point of the network by means of the network frequency pick-up. As soon as the network frequency exceeds a predetermined value - see Figure 1 - the electrical power delivered is reduced in order to counteract a further rise in the network frequency. Accordingly the network frequency of the network is regulated by means of the regulating device to a desired network frequency value, or at least a further rise therein is prevented.
Network frequency fluctuations can be avoided or considerably reduced by a feed, regulated in that way, of the power delivered by the wind power installation, into the network.
Figure 5 illustrates the coupling of a wind power installation to an electrical network, wherein the electrical power generated by the wind power installation is delivered into the network at the network feed-in
point. Connected to the electrical network are a plurality of consumers, diagrammatically shown in the form of houses in the illustrated example.
Figure 6 shows essential components of the control-regulating device in a somewhat different view from Figure 3. The control and regulating arrangement has a rectifier in which the ac voltage generated in the generator is rectified. A frequency converter connected to the rectifier converts the dc voltage which is firstly rectified in the intermediate circuit into an ac voltage which is fed in the form of a three-phase ac voltage into the network by way of the lines U, L2 and L3. The frequency converter is controlled by means of the microcomputer which is part of the whole regulating device. For that purpose the microprocessor is coupled to the frequency converter. The input parameters for regulation of the voltage at which the electrical power made available by the wind power installation 2 is fed into the network are the present network voltage, the network frequency f, the electrical power P of the generator, the reactive power factor cos cp and the power gradient dP/dt. The microprocessor implements the regulation according to the invention of the voltage which is to be fed in, at its desired network frequency.
1. A method for operating a wind-energy generating plant with a generator for supplying electrical energy to an electricity grid, wherein the wind-energy generating plant has a rotor, having rotor blades with pitch control coupled to the generator, characterized in that energy supplied by the generator to the grid is controlled or adjusted as a function of the grid frequency of the electrical grid and the energy fed to the grid is reduced when the grid frequency is more than 3% above its desired value.
2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the energy supplied by the generator to the grid continuously further decreases as the grid frequency further increases.
3. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the energy supplied to the grid is reduced when the grid frequency is more than 6% above its desired value.
4. Wind-energy generating plant for carrying out the method according to any one of the preceding claims, with a rotor and an electricity generator coupled the rotor for supplying electrical energy to an electricity grid, wherein the rotor has rotor blades with pitch control, characterized by a control device with a frequency pickup for measuring the frequency of the electrical voltage applied to the grid, and the energy supplied by the generator to the grid can be adjusted as a function of the grid
frequency measured by the frequency pickup and that the wind-energy generating plant feeds reduced energy to the grid when the grid frequency is more than 3% above its desired value.
5. A method for operating a wind-energy generating plant substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
|Indian Patent Application Number||IN/PCT/2002/1840/CHE|
|PG Journal Number||05/2007|
|Date of Filing||11-Nov-2002|
|Name of Patentee||SHRI. WOBBEN, Aloys|
|Applicant Address||Argestrasse 19, 26607 Aurich|
|PCT International Classification Number||F03D 7/04|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/EP2001/003705|
|PCT International Filing date||2001-03-31|