|Title of Invention||
A METHOD OF CLEANING FURNACE RESIDUE
|Abstract||A furnace residue washing method includes collecting residue from a furnace, cooling the residue by water and screening the residue by different dimension scales, separating the screened residue by different iron contents, separating and depositing sand from the cooling water, crushing the screened residue of large dimension scale, separating the screened residue of large dimension scale by different iron contents and recollecting separately the separated and screened residue of large dimension scale.|
FURNACE RESIDUE CLEANING METHOD
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to method for cleaning a furnace residue, and more particularly to a residue cleaning method using water to remove lime powder from the residue and recycle the used water to preserve the environment.
2. Description of Related Art
Residue in an iron smelting fiimace may be processed to increase the economic efficiency for the business. A complete cycle post-treatment of the residue includes four processes, namely the residue pre-treatment process, the residue processing process, the residue curing process and the residue refining process. However, not each process is adopted by the operator in the business. The four processes are more or less modified to meet different requirements. The focus of this invention aims at the residue processing process. The purpose of residue processing process is to crush the residue, select the available residue, categorize the selected residue and select the residue containing steel over 55% in weight for further processing, such as sintering. The selected residue may be applied as additives for steel refining, cement or even for road engineering or landscape construction.
The conventional residue processing method is divided into the following two different methods.
With reference to Fig. 2, the first method uses a container to collect the residue. The residue is transferred to a crushing device to minimize the size of the residue. The crushed residue is then selected by a magnetic device to select the parts containing iron therein such that the iron can be retrieved for other applications. Thereafter, a
categorizing device is supplied to categorize the residue according to the residue dimension. Then the residue is screened further for different applications by a screening device. It is noted that in this method, when the residue is taken out of the fumace, water is required to cool the residue. However, using water to cool the residue causes the lime powder to attach to the outer portion of the residue, which results in that the magnetic device or a different classifying process is not able to accurately categorize the residue. Even worse, sometimes, the mesh of a screen may be blocked by the residue mixed with lime powder and thus the entire operation is delayed and of course the quality of the selected residue is not satisfactory.
Further, a lot of additives are required during the steel processing period. The additives normally contain a large amount of lime which has a pH value between lO~l 1. Thus when the selected residue is used in road construction, the alkaline nature seriously contaminates the environment. Other residue not fully recovered for further application is a waste of material.
With reference to Fig. 3, the other conventional method contains a further drying process to remove all the moisture in the residue, such that the lime powder is not attached to the residue and the mesh blockage problem is solved.
Although the second conventional method does meet the requirement to separate the lime powder and the residue, the method still suffers from the following several problems:
expense :In addition to the cost of the installation of the drying machine, the lime powder suspended in the air requires an air filtering machine to filter the air so that the total cost is high.
low efficiency: because the process requires the entire residue to be fully dried
for further processing, the amount of the residue material to be dried can not be too much, otherwise, the entire process will be delayed and therefore lead to a low efficiency.
air pollution: Even with the use of the air filtering machine, the dust in the air is only reduced and can not be eliminated entirely.
high maintenance cost: The maintenance, operation and repair of all the machinery require a large amount of capital to keep everything in order.
To overcome the shortcomings, the present invention tends to provide a method to mitigate the aforementioned problems. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The primary objective of the present invention is to provide a method to use water to clean the residue of a fumace so that the lime powder and the residue from the furnace are separated.
Another objective of the present invention is that the used water produced from washing away the lime powder from the residue from the fumace is recycled such that the lime powder is able to be collected.
Other objects, advantages and novel features of the invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjimction with the accompanying drawings. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Fig. 1 is a flow chart showing the process of the method of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a flow chart showing the first conventional method to clean the residue; and
Fig. 3 is a flow chart showing the second conventional method to clean the residue. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
With reference to Fig. 1, the residue out of a furnace (not shown) is collected in a container (1). A sprinkling system is provided in a screening device (2) to screen out residue of different sizes, i.e. above 30mm, 12~30mm, 8~12mm and below 8mm. During the screening process, the sprinkling system continuously provides water to separate the lime powder from the residue and the lime powder mixed with water flows to a deposition tank (3).
After the residue is selected and categorized into the aforementioned four classes, the residue of different sizes is sent to different magnetic selection devices (41,42,43,44) for selection of residue containing different amounts of iron therein. The 12'-30mm class is divided into two subclasses for building construction material and road construction material. The 8~12mm class may be applied for use as building construction material.
The residue with a dimension under 8mm is sent to a sand separation device (5) to filter out the sand contained in the water. The filtered-out sand is able to be supplied as a material for sidewalk slabs or bricks. The water passing through the sand separation device (5) flows to the deposition tank (3) for deposition of both sand and lime. The deposited sand and lime may be applied for other applications at a later time. During the deposition of the lime and the sand, the water is collected in a water tank (7) and then recycled to the sprinkling system of the screening device (2) for reuse.
The residue with a dimension above 30mm is sent to a crushing device (6) to minimize the size of the residue and then the minimized residue passes through a
different magnetic device (45) for selection of residue containing iron. Thereafter, the residue is sent to a second container (11) for collection and to a grinding device (7) for grinding. After passing through the grinding device (7), the residue is sent back to the container (1) to repeat the previous steps.
After the description, it is noted that the method of the present invention has the following advantages:
dust prevention: Because the residue is collected in the container and the water in the screening device (2) washes away the lime powder, dust such as lime powder is eliminated and thus surrounding air is clean.
full recycling: After the washing process, the lime powder is collected and deposited in the deposition tank (3), thus the lime may be collected for use as cement ingredient.
environmental protection: Due to the removal of lime powder from the residue, the residue used for road construction is safe for application to the ground and thus the environment is protected from contamination.
It is to be understood, however, that even though numerous characteristics and advantages of the present invention have been set forth in the foregoing description, together with details of the structure and function of the invention, the disclosure is illustrative only, and changes may be made in detail, especially in matters of shape, size, and arrangement of parts within the principles of the invention to the full extent indicated by the broad general meaning of the terms in which the appended claims are expressed.
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A furnace residue washing method comprising the steps of:
collecting residue from a fumace;
cooling the residue by water and screening the residue by different dimension sieves;
separating the screened residue into different iron contents by magnetism;
separating and depositing sand from the water;
crushing the screened residue of large dimension scale;
separating the screened residue of large dimension scale by different iron contents by magnetism; and
recollecting separately the separated and screened residue of large dimension scale.
2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein a sprinkling system is provided in the screening step to provide water to cool the residue from the fumace.
3. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the residue is screened into separated groups to respectively have dimensions of above 30mm, between 12-30mm, between 8-12mm and below 8mm.
4. The method as claimed in claim 2, wherein the residue is screened into separated groups to respectively have dimensions of above 30mm, between 12-30mm, between 8-12mm and below 8mm.
5. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein after the water is supplied, lime powder is washed from the residue and mixed with the water.
6. The method as claimed in claim 4, wherein after the water is supplied, lime powder is washed from the residue and mixed with the water.
7. The method as claimed in claim 6, wherein the water is recycled in a water tank.
8. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein a grinding device is provided to refine the recollected residue.
9. The method as claimed in claim 2, wherein a grinding device is provided to refine the recollected residue.
10. The method as claimed in claim 7, wherein a grinding device is provided to
refine the recollected residue.
\l. A furnace residue washing method substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
|Indian Patent Application Number||268/CHE/2004|
|PG Journal Number||05/2007|
|Date of Filing||23-Mar-2004|
|Name of Patentee||SHRI. CHENG CHIH-CHIANG|
|Applicant Address||8 F1., NO., 406-5 JONGAN RD., KAOHSIUNG, TAIWAN,|
|PCT International Classification Number||N/A|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|