|Title of Invention||
A METHOD AND A CONTROL SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING A VEHICULAR POWERTRAIN SYSTEM
|Abstract||A powertrain system (10) control for controlling engine (12) output torque as a function of engaged ratio of a transmission (14). Separate torque limits A, B, C, respectively, are set for start ratios,, intermediate ratios, direct ratio and overdrive ratios. The torque limits are set such that A<B<C>D and B<D.|
|Full Text||- 1A -
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a method for controlling a vehicular powertrain system comprising a fuel-controlled engine and a multiple-ratio drivetrain, including a multiple-speed transmission and a single- or multiple-speed drive axle assembly. In particular, the present invention relates to a powertrain control wherein the maximum output torque of the engine is limited as a function of engaged drivetrain ratio.
DESCRIPTION OF THE PRIOR ART
Vehicular drivetrains including multiple-speed transmissions, usually compound transmissions, or simple transmissions coupled with multiple-speed axles, having 7,9,10,13,16,18 or more forward speed ratios, are well known in the prior art, especially for heavy-duty vehicles, as may be seen by reference to U.S. Pats. No.5,370,013; 5,527,237 and 4,754,665, the disclosures of which are incorporated herein by refrerence.
Control systems and methods for calculating engine output torque (also called "flywheel torque") are known in the prior art, as may be seen by reference to U.S.Pat.No.5,509.867, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by rererence.
Automated and manual transmission systems wherein engine output
torque is controlled and/or limited as a function of engaged gear ratio and/or vehicle
speed are known in the prior art, as may be seen by reference to U.S. Pats. No.5,477,827;
5,797,110; 5,457,633; 4,889,014; 5,738,606; 5,679,096 and 5,876,302, the disclosures of
which are incorporated herein by reference. As is known, modern vehicular powertrains
usually include electronically controlled engines, which may be controlled as to engine
speed and/or engine torque. By way of example, according to the SAE J-1939 data link
protocol, commands may
be issued to the engine for fueling of the engine in accordance with (a) driver's fuel demand, (b) a requested engine speed, (c) a requested engine torque and/or (d) a requested maximum engine torque and/or engine speed.
5 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
In accordance with the present invention, an improved control system/method for a vehicular powertrain is provided, which will tend to maximize vehicle performance while protecting the drivetrain from possible damage and/or undue wear caused by allowing excessive torque to be applied thereto under
10 certain vehicle operating conditions. The foregoing is accomplished by limiting
engine output torque to a first maximum value when the drivetrain is in a start ratio condition, by limiting engine output torque to a second maximum value when the drivetrain is in an intermediate ratio (the second maximum value being greater than the first maximum value), allowing engine torque to equal a third
15 maximum value greater than the isecond maximum value when the transmission
is in a direct drive or 1:1 ratio, and allowing engine torque to equal a fourth maximum value when the transmission is in an overdrive ratio condition (the fourth maximum value being less than the third maximum value but greater than the second maximum value).
20 Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide a new and
improved engine output torque control for a vehicular drivetrain system, preferably a vehicular powertrain system including a transmission having a direct drive ratio.
This and other objects and advantages of the present invention will
25 become apparent from a reading of the description of the preferred embodiment
taken in connection with the attached drawings. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Fig. 1 is a schematic illustration of a vehicular powertrain system including an automated mechanical transmission system.
30 Figs. 2A and 2B are charts illustrating the drive ratios and allowable
drivetrain input torques for a typical heavy-duty vehicle powertrain system
including a drivetrain having, respectively, a 7-speed and an 18-speed overdrive transmission.
Fig. 3 is a flow chart representation of the control of the present invention.
5 DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
A vehicular powertrain system 10 of the type advantageously utilizing the control of the present invention may be seen by reference to Fig. 1, For purposes of illustration, system 10 is art automated mechanical transmission system including a fuel-controlled internal combustion engine 12 (such as a weJJ-10 known diesel engine or the like), a multiple-speed mechanical transmission 14, and a non-positive coupling 16 for drivingly coupling the engine 12 to the transmission 14. Typically, non-positive coupling 16 will be a torque converter or a friction master clutch. The transmission 14 further includes an output shaft 20 for driving the vehicle drive axles 22. The drive axles may be of the
15 single-speed or mulitple-speed type.
Transmission 14 may be of the known mechanical type utilizing positive jaw clutches to engage and disengage selected gears to shafts for changing the ratio of input shaft rotational speed (fS) to output shaft rotational speed (OS). Transmissions of this type may be seen by reference to U.S. Pats.
20 No. 4,764,665; 5,385,056; 5,390,561 and 5,416,698.
System 10 may include a plurality of sensors for providing input signals 24 to a microprocessor-based control unit 26, which witt process the input signals according to logic rules to generate command output signals 28 to various system actuators.
25 Speed sensors 30, 32 and 34 may be provided to provide input signals to
the controller indicative of engine speed (ES), transmission input shaft speed (IS), and transmission output shaft speed (OS), respectively. A sensor 36 may be provided to provide an input signal indicative of the operator setting of the throttle pedal. A driver control console 38 is provided to allow the operator to
30 select a transmission mode and to provide an input signal, GR, indicative thereof to the controller 26.
An engine controller 40, preferably microprocessor-based, may be provided for controlling fueling of the engine and for f noviding information to a data link, DL, indicative of the operating parameters of the engine. Preferably, the data link will comply with a known protocol, such as SAE J-1939 or the like. An actuator 42jriay be provided for operating the non-positive coupling 16. A transmission actuator 44 may be provided for operating the transmission 14 and for providing signals indicative of the engaged gear ratio and/or other transmission operating parameters. Engaged ratio also may be calculated by comparing the rotational speeds of the input and output shafts.
As used in this application, and as commonly used in the vehicular industry, the term "powertrain" wilf refer to the e.ngine 12, coupling 16, transmission 14 and drive'axles 12, while the term "drivetrain" will refer to the coupling 16, the transmission 14 and the axles 22.
Transmission 14 is illustrated as an 18-forward-speed transmission having a direct drive (1:1.00) ratio and two overdrive ratios (see Fig. 2B). As is well known, in the direct drive ratio, the shafts are directly coupled and torque is not applied to the gears; accordingly, a much higher torque may be applied to the transmission in direct drive without damaging or causing excessive wear to the gears. It also is known that the higher rotational speeds associated with overdrive (i.e., ratios wherein output shaft rotational speed exceeds input shaft rotational speed) allows a higher input torque to be applied to the transmission than in greater than 1:1.00 reduction ratios without risking damage and/or undue wear.
According to the present invention, engine torque is limited to one of four maximum values according to the sensed or_e^
In the start ratios, usually 1st through 6th in an 18-speed transmisison, engine output torque is limited to a first maximum value (A). In the intermediate ratios, usually 7th through 15th in an 18-speed transmission, engine output torque is limited to a second maximum value (B). In direct, engine output torque is limited to a third maximum value (C). Value C may equal the maximum output
of the engine. In overdrive ratios, 17th and 18th in the illustrated transmission, engine torque is limited to a fourth maximum value (D).
The maximum torque values are related as follows:
A D and
2B, which are provided by way of example. In Fig. 2B, values for an
RTLO 18918B transmission (available from Eaton Corporation, assignee of this
application) and a typical heavy-duty vehicle diesel engine are provided.
10 Fig. 3 is a flow chart representation of the control of the present invention.
Torque values A, B, C and/or D may be ranges of values and/or may be subdivided.
Although the present invention has been described with a certain degree
of particularity, it is understood that various modifications are possible without
15 departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as hereinafter claimed.
- 6 -WE CLAIM:
A method for controlling a vehicular powertrain system (10) comprising a f Lie 1-control.I ed engine (12) , an engine controller for controlling fueling of the engine (ii) setting first (A), second (B) , third (C) and fourth (D) torque limit values such that; AD and B
limit (T,. X C), and (d) if the transmission is
engaged in an overdrive ratio, limiting engine output torque to said fourth torque limit (T A D) -
£?- The method of claim 1 wherein said engine has a known maximum torque capacity, said third torque limit (C) equal to or exceeding said maximum torque capacity.
3, A method for controlling a vehicular powertrain system having one or more intermediate ratios, a direct drive ratio, and one or more over-drive ratios, means (44) for sensing an engaged transmission ratio, and s controller (2&) for receiving input signals (24) and processing same according to logic rules to issue command output signals to system actuators, including said engine controller, said method comprising the steps ofi
(i) sensing engaged transmission ratio;
if the transmission is engaged in the direct ratio, limiting engine output torque to said third torque limit
4. The method of claim 3 wherein said engine has a known maximum torque capacity, said third torque limit
3. A control system for controlling a vehicular powertrain system (1(3) comprising a fuel-controlled engine issue command output signals to system actuators including said engine controller, said logic rules including rules for*
(i) sensing engaged transmission ratio;
fourth (D) torque limit values such that:
limit (TV _^A) , intermediate ratio, limiting engine output torque to
said second torque limit (T ^B)f
transmission is engaged in the direct ratio limiting
engine output torque to said third torque limit
6. The system of claim 5 wherein said engine has a known
maximum torque capaci ty, said third torque limit
controller and processing same according to logic rules, to issue command output signals to system actuators including said engine controller, said logic rules including rules for:
(i) sensing engaged transmission ratio;
|Indian Patent Application Number||252/CAL/2000|
|PG Journal Number||08/2007|
|Date of Filing||28-Apr-2000|
|Name of Patentee||EATON CORPORATION|
|Applicant Address||EATON CENTER, 1111 SUPERIOR AVENUE, CLEVELAND, OHIO 44114, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.|
|PCT International Classification Number||B 60 K 41/04|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|