|Title of Invention||
STEP-UP REDUCTION GEARING
|Abstract||"STEP-UP REDUCTION GEARING" A speed reducer comprising a casing containing at least one first reduction stage and one second reduction state, in which the second stage has cylindrical gears with drive input and output shafts having parallel axes, the drive input shaft of the second stage being hollow and housing coaxially a drive input shaft of the first stage, the at least one first reduction stage being disposed at an end of the hollow shaft axially remote from the position in which a motor is mounted, the first reduction stage comprising an epicyclic reducer with a spider carrying a plurality of planetary gears meshing with a ring gear and with a sun gear characterized in that the drive-input shafts of the first and second reduction stage are coupled for rotation with said sun gear and said spider, respectively for the drive transmission from the first to the second reduction stage, and that said ring gear forms part of said casing housing at least partially said epicyclic reducer.|
|Full Text||The siibject of the present invention is a speed reducer according to the preamble of claim 1. Background Art
The term "reducer" is used in this context in its most general meaning of a transmission member which can operate either to reduce or to gear up the relative speeds of a ■ main drive input shaft and a main drive output shaft. A. reducer including the characteristics listed above is knovm by the term "CYCLO MODUIiAR SYSTEM" and is produced by Sumitomo Cycle Drive Europe Ltd.
This CYCLO transmission system is particularly useful when it is necessary to use a reducer with parallel or perpendicular axes having a high reduction ratio. It is very suitable for oscillating mounting. CYCLO reducers consist of a first cycloidal reduction stage combined with a second reduction stage with parallel axes, having a hollow drive output shaft. A m_ain disadvantage of this transmission system is its axial bullciness which, particularly for oscillating mounting, is unsuitable for certain applications in which axial compactness of the reducer is fundajnental.
A speed reducer having the features outlined above is also known from GB 1340593.
DE 29502981 and US 4158971 relate more generally to a speed reducer having two or more reduction stages. Disclosure of the invention
The main task of the present invention is to provide a speed reducer which is designed structurally and functionally to prevent the technical problems complained of with reference to the prior art mentioned.
Brief description of the drawings
This problem is solved by the invention by means of a speed reducer of the above-mentioned type, formed in accordance with the appended claims.
The characteristics and the advantages of the invention will become clearer from the detailed description of two preferred embodiments thereof, described by way of non-limiting example with reference to the appended drawings, in which:
- Figure 1 is a schematic, axially-sectioned view of a speed reducer formed in accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention,
- Figure 2 is a schematic, axially-sectioned view of a second embodiment of the speed reducer according to the invention.
Best Node for Carrying Out the Invention
With reference to Figure i, a speed reducer formed in accordance with the invention, generally indicated 1, comprises a casing 2, inside which a first reduction stage and a second reduction stage, indicated 3 and 4, respectively- are at least partially housed.
The second reduction stage 4 cort^rises a pair of cylindrical gears 5, 6 with parallel axes X, Y, mounted in a mutually meshed condition and keyed to respective tubular shafts 7, 8. The shaft 7 constitutes the main drive output shaft of the reducer, is supported on bearings 7a, 7b, and is hollow to permit oscillating mounting of the reducer 1, if desired.
The shaft 8 constitutes the drive input shaft to the second stage of the reducer and is also hollow with an internal portion 10 of enlarged diameter at a first 11 of its ends, and an outer portion 12 carrying a set of teeth or other torsional coupling means at an opposite end 12a, The shaft 8 is supported for rotation in the casing 2 by means of bearings 8a, 8b.
The internal portion 10 of enlarged diameter at least
partially houses a coupling 13, for example, a box coupling,
keyed to a drive shaft 14 of an electric motor 15 which in
turn is mounted on the casing 2 by means of a flanged
"coupling 16. The shaft 8 of the second reduction stage
houses, with ample radial clearance, a drive-input shaft 17
of the first reduction stage 3. The shaft 17 is connected,
for example, by means of a splined coupling 17a, for
rotation with the drive shaft 14, by means of the coupling
13. The reduction stage 3 comprises an epicyclic reducer
with a sun gear 18 fixed to the end of the shaft 17 remote
froin the motor 15, for example, by being formed integrally
therewith- The sun gear 18 is meshed with a plurality of
planetary gears 19 mounted on a spider 20 in conventional
' manner and also meshing with a ring gear 21 fixed to the
casing 2, The spider 20 in turn is coupled for rotation with
the drive input shaft 8 of the second reduction stage by
keying to the teeth 12 thereof. In practice, the entire
epicyclic reducer of the first reduction stage is mounted on
^ the casing 2 and partially or entirely housed therein, at
the end remote from the position in which the electric motor
15 is mounted, thus affording the reducer i considerable
axial compactness. In fact, the ring gear 21 and a cover 22
fixed in a leaktight manner thereto constitute a housing for
any portion of the first reduction stage which projects from
the casing 2. This compactness is further improved by the
fact that, with the structure described, it is possible to
nest the coupling 13 and the shaft 14 of the motor 15 at
least partially inside the larger-diameter cavity portion 10
of the shaft 8 by which the second reduction stage is
kinematically connected to the first stage.
Figure 2 shows a second embodiment of the reducer according to the present invention. The reducer of the second embodiment is generally indicated 30 and details similar to those of the previous embodiment are indicated by the same reference nximerals.
In practice, the reducer 30 differs from the reducer 1 of the first embodiment solely in that a further so-called ^ pre-reduction stage 31 is provided between the electric motor and the first reduction stage 3 and is in the form of an epicyclic reducer with a sun gear 32 fixed to the drive shaft 14, a ring gear 33 fixed to the casing 2, and a spider 34 fixed to the drive-input shaft 17 of the first reduction stage 3 and kinematically connected by means of a plurcLLity of planetary gears 35 to the sun gear 32 and to the ring gear 33, in conventional manner. For the connection to the motor and to the casing 2, as well as for holding the pre¬reduction stage, the flanged coupling 16 has suitable dimensions and is connected to the casing with the interposition of the ring gear 33. A transmission or an angular reducer may be fitted as an alternative or in addition to the pre-reduction stage 31, in conventional manner.
The invention thus solves the problem posed, providing a reducer which, as well as having truly remarkable axial coit^actness in comparison with competing products, affords considerable versatility, since the reducer 1 can be combined in various ways with the pre-reduction stage 31 and/or with angular reducers with converging axes, to satisfy particular requirements, simply by the assembly of a basic structure, that is, that of the first embodiment
described, optionally with the most suitable pre-reduction stage. Amongst the further advantages achieved by the invention is the fact that the first reduction stage is easily and fully accessible simply by removing Che cover 22 without requiring dismantling of the motor or other onerous operations; moreover, the complete and improved accessibility of the first reduction stage enables brakes, cinti-reversing devices for rendering the rotation of the reducer unidirectional, and other accessories which may advantageously be associated with the main drive input shaft 17, to be connected easily to the first reduction stage, with the clear advantage of operating on gear shafts with low transmitted torque.
1. A speed reducer comprising a casing (2) containing at least one first reduction stage and one second reduction state (3, 4), in which the second stage (4) has cylindrical gears (5, 6) with drive input and output shafts (8, 7) having parallel axes, the drive input shaft (8) of the second stage (4) being hollow and housing coaxially a drive input shaft (17) of the first stage (3), the at least one first reduction stage (3) bemg disposed at an end of the hollow shaft (8) axially remote fi-om the position in which a motor (15) is mounted, the fu-st reduction stage (3) comprising an epicyclic reducer with a spider (20) carrying a plurality of planetary gears (19) meshing with a ring gear (21) and with a sun gear (18) characterized in that the drive-input shafts of the first (17) and second (8) reduction stage are coupled for rotation with said sun gear and said spider, respectively for the drive transmission from the first (3) to the second (4) reduction stage, and that said ring gear (21) forms part of said casing (2) housing at least partially said epicyclic reducer.
2. The reducer according to claim 1, in which the drive output shaft of the second stage is hollow.
3. The reducer according any one of the preceding claims, in which a pre¬reduction stage (31) is provided upstream of he first reduction stage.
4. The reducer according to claim 3, in which the pre-reduction stage (31) comprises an epicyclic reducer (32, 33, 34).
5. The reducer according to claim 3, in which the pre-reduction stage (31) comprises a reducer with converging axes.
6. The reducer according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the first
reduction stage (3) and/or the drive input shaft (17) to the first reduction stage is
accessible through the casing (2) at the opposite end to the position in which the motor
(15) is mounted.
7. The reducer according to claim 6, in which, for access to the first reduction
stage (3) and/or to the drive input shaft (17) to the first reduction stage, the housing of
the first reduction stage is closed releasably by a cover (22) at the opposite end to the
position in which the motor is mounted.
|Indian Patent Application Number||IN/PCT/2002/314/CHE|
|PG Journal Number||08/2007|
|Date of Filing||28-Feb-2002|
|Name of Patentee||CASAROTTO G & C SRL|
|Applicant Address||Via Cappuccini - Z.I. Sitz I-45021 Badia Polesine|
|PCT International Classification Number||F16H37/04|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/EP2000/005451|
|PCT International Filing date||2000-06-14|