|Title of Invention||
TRACTOR ATTACHED SUGARCANE-SEMI-HARVESTOR
|Abstract||Conventional method of sugarcane harvesting was hitherto manual consuming lot of time. This invention "SUGARCANE-SEMI-HARVESTOR" provides a mechanised form of sugarcane cutting device, maintaining unifonn size of the cane and saving a lot of time and labour. It is attached to the front portion of the tractor, consisting of two cutter units, one mounted at the top and another at the bottom, each assembled with rotors and blades and both the units are mounted on channels to facilitate the vertical movement, independent of each other. The top cutter unit carries a three-rotor assembly, whereas the bottom one consists of a two-rotor assembly, all deriving power for their rotary motion from hydraulic motors. Sugarcane intake guides and a cane bender acting as a guide for bending purpose are assembled and mounted on a solid mild steel frame, ensuring that the cutting is clean and neat.|
|Full Text||This invention relates to a "SUGARCANE-SEMI-HARVESTOR".
This "SUGARCANE-SEMI-HARVESTOR", provides a mechanized form of sugarcane cutting device, essentially attached to the front portion of the tractor, consisting of two cutter units, one mounted on the top as shown in Figure (2) and another at the bottom, as shown in Eigure (3), each assembled with rotors and blades, both the units mounted on channels to facilitate vertical movement, independent of each other, wherein the top unit carries a three rotor assembly and the bottom unit carries a two rotor assembly, all deriving power for their rotary motion from the hydraulic motors. Further, a provision has been made for a sugarcane intake guide and a cane bender acting as a guide for bendmg purpose. The whole unit is assembled and mounted on a solid steel frame as shown in Figure (1). An additional hydraulic pump has been provided as shown in Figure (4).
The Top-Cutler-Box-Assembly, as shown in Figure (2), basically consists of three hydraulic motors (37 & 38 - 2 numbers). Gatherers for sugarcane intake (41-2 numbers). Rotor with blade assembly (40) and other accessories. It is desired that the Top-Cutter-Box-Assembly is comfortably lifted to a particular height (height of the sugarcane) so that no sugarcane is left over in the top, which goes as a waste after cutting of the cane. After a lot of research work it was found that a Double-Hydraulic Cylinder (30) with suitable Direction Control Valve or the DCV (12) was found very suitable for easy lifting operations. The Hydraulic Cylinder has been fixed both at the top and bottom on strong supports with pins, which are locked with linch pins. The Direction
Control Valves have been located close to the Driver's seat, for easy hand operation. The Top-Cutter-Box-Assembly is provided with two Cane Gatherers (4!) for sugarcane intake. A rotor with blade assembly for the Top Unit (40) is appropriately placed between the two Gatherers (41), which rotates Bi-Directional for proper cutting and all the three i.e., the two Gatherers on the rotor with cutter for the top assembly derive their rotary motion from hydraulic motors. The rotor with the cutler assembly (40) rotates in the clockwise direction. Care has been taken to see that all the rotating parts are balanced, which ensures easy rotation and long-livity of the rotating parts. The entire top cutter assembly is moving on strong arm (34) connected for swing. The construction of the top cutter box assembly unit is robust to withstand the enormous cutting pressure and strong vertical channel/box support have been provided on the main frame for the easy vertical movement of the top cutter box assembly. Additional bamboo type tubes (31-2 numbers) and a strong rope-pulley mechanism (32) has also been provided to ensure that the top assembly is always parallel to the ground at 180 Further, this has a heavy duty spring (29) and adjusting U-clamp (28), provided on one side, whereas the other side is connected to the top assembly.
The bottom-cutter-assembly-unit is as shown in Figure (3) on sheet No; 3 of the accompanying drawings, which are essentially provided with a vertical double acting hydraulic cylinder (26). The hydraulic cylinder is connected at the top with strong support and the bottom is welded with holders and a pin with a locking linch-pin is used to ensure that it is in tact. As in the case of top cutter box assembly, two vertical guide supports to the foundation with sliding tube have been welded to the bottom box for easy vertical movement of the cutter
box assembly. An additional vertical sliding guide support has been provided at the front of the bottom box, to ensure that the entire bottom cutter box assembly unit moves parallel to the ground so that the cutting is clean and neat. (25) is the main foundation frame assembly (for the top cutter assembly unit) on to which the various parts are assembled/welded. (18) is the pair of cutting blades on the relevant rotors, which essentially rotates in opposite directions and (21) is the pair of intake guides for the cane, which are located in opposite directions and (20) is the pair of sugarcane intake plates. (22) is the idle support stand for top cutter box and (23) is the guide for cane bending and (24) is the cover for the base rotor assembly. The double acting hydraulic cylinder for the base rotor assembly (26) is provided with suitable direction control valves for easy operation and is accommodated by the said of the driver, for easy operations. The bottom cutter box assembly unit is also robust in construction and is made of mild-steel plates and is strong enough to withstand the entire load, as the bottom cutter assembly unit moves up and down. The two rotors (18) are connected to the hydraulic motors on one side from which they derive the rotary motion (Bi-Directional) and to the other side of the rotor shaft, blades are fixed which cut the sugarcane. Normally, each rotor is fixed with 2 to 3 blades. However, this is optional. The rotors always rotate in opposite directions. Both the hydraulic motors are connected in series through direction control valves. All the direction control valves are accommodated besides the driver for easy operation. (14) uf Figure (3) is the vertical guide for the bottom cutter assembly unit whereas (15) is the vertical supporter for the sliding guide. (16) represent the hydraulic motors and (1?) is the vertical sliding guide central for the base assembly. (18) is the rotor assembly with cutters for the bottom cutting assembly unit, which rotate in opposite directions.
The circuit pertaining to additional hydraulic pump assembly is as shown in Figure (4) on sheet No: 4 of the accompanying drawings. Initially all the five motors and the two hydraulic cylinders were connected to a tractor in-built pump. However, the tractor pump was not able to take full load of all the equipment. This resulted in a re-design and the provision of an additional hydraulic pump, which is operated by a special power take-off socket. Through this pump, all the five motors are connected with suitable direction control valves. (10) in Figure (4) on sheet No: 4 of the accompanying drawings depicts the foundation assembly for the additional hydraulic pump. (2) is the additional hydraulic pump that has been newly incorporated to take more loads (1) represents the tractor and (3) the guide plate. (4) is the tank provided for the hydraulic oil for the additional pump and (5) is the oil return pipe. (6) is the relief valve for the hydraulic pump and (7) is the level gauge. (8) is the breather assembly and (9) is the cardon shaft. (11) is the distributor and (12) depicts the position of the plurality number of direction control valves. As reflected in Figure (4) of the accompanying drawings, the control valves (12) are located close to the driver's seat, so that he has an easy access over them.
1. A "SUGARCANE SEMI-HARVESTOR". which provides a mechanized form of sugarcane cutting device, essentially attached to the front portion of the tractor, carrying two cutter units, one mounted on the top and another at the bottom, each assembled with rotors and blades, both the units mounted on channels to facilitate vertical movement, independent of each other, wherein the top unit carries a three rotor assembly and the bottom unit carries a two rotor assembly, all deriving power for their rotary motion from the hydraulic motors, whereas a provision has been made for a sugarcane intake guide and a cane bender acting as a guide for bending purpose; the whole unit assembled and mounted on a solid steel frame with an additional hydraulic pump.
2. A "SUGARCANE SEMI-HARVESTOR", as claimed in Claim (1), wherein the Top-Cutter-Box Assembly carries a three rotor assembly
(40) & (41), (41), being Gatherers, perfonning the act of gathering sugarcane and the rotor (40) essentially being a cutter, which cuts at the top portion of the sugucane, alt assembled in such a manner that the cutting rotor (40) rotates in the clockwise direction, whereas the rotor
(41) invariably rotate in the opposite directions in order to effect fee act of "gathering the cane", deriving power from the hydraulic motors for their rotary motion, with the option of using two rotors, wherein the rotors functioning as 'gatherers', in addition carrying blades on them to act as cutters also; the entire unit being mounted on strong Mild Steel frames; vertical movements being channeled and achieved with the help of Double Hydraulic Cylinders.
3. A "SUGARCANE SEMI-HARVESTOR", as claimed in the Claims (1)
and (2), wherein the Bottom-Cutter-Assembiy-Unit consists of two rotor
assembly (18) both carrying cutter blades and essentially rotating in
opposite directions, deriving power for their rotary motion from
hydraulic motors; sugarcane intake plates (20) and bamboo type
sugarcane intake guides (21) gathering cane for cutting purpose and a
cane bender (23) acting as a guide for bending the cane, alt assembled
and mounted on a solid Mild Steel Foundation Frame (25) and the entire
bottom cutting assembly unit is mounted in such a manner that vertical
sliding and locking of the entire unit is possible at any position parallel to
the ground, which ensures that the cutting is clean and neat.
4. A "SUGARCANE SEMI-HARVESTOR". as claimed in the Claims (1)
to (3), wherein an additional hydraulic pump (2) apart from the one in
tractor is provided and positioned, which is operated by a Power Take¬
off Unit deriving power through a Cardon Shaft (9), thereby catering the
additional need of power for the 5 motors, whereas the two double acting
hydraulic cylinders are connected to the tractor in-built pump.
|Indian Patent Application Number||920/MAS/2001|
|PG Journal Number||30/2009|
|Date of Filing||09-Nov-2001|
|Name of Patentee||SHIVAPUTRA GURAPPA BELLAD|
|Applicant Address||'GOURI KRUPA', MARATHA COLONY ROAD, DHARWAD-580 008,|
|PCT International Classification Number||A01D45/10|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|