|Title of Invention||
A PRODUCTION PLANT FOR HOT-ROLLED FLAT PRODUCTS IN THE FORM OF STRIP
|Abstract||A production plant for producing hot-rolled flat products includes a rolling train composed of a plurality of roll stands, run-out table with devices for cooling the hot strip, and subsequently arranged coiling machines for coiling the strip. A compact deformation stage in the form of a rolling train with one to four roll stands is arranged following the reeling unit of a conventionally constructed hot-rolled wide strip train, This rolling train is specifically constructed for the deformation in the ferritic range. PRICE: THIRTY RUPEES|
|Full Text||GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, THE PATENT OFFICE
2nd M.S.O. BUILDING,
234/4. ACHARYA JAGADISH CHANDRA BOSE ROAD
KOLKATTA - 700 020.
Document No. dated: 22/08/19%
Application No:1487/MAS/1996 dated : 22/08/1996
ConventionNo 19531538.3 on25/08/1995 , GERMANY
Acceptance of the complete specification advertised on
Index at acceptance — 129D
International Classification '-B 210 027/06, B21B 001/00
Title : " A PRODUCTION PLANT FOR HOT-ROLLED
FLAT PRODUCTS IN THE FORM OF STRIP"
Applicant; SMS-SCHLOEMANN-SIEMAG AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT A GERMAN COMPANY EDUARD-SCHLOEMANN-STRASSE 4 40237 DUSSELDORF GERMANY
Inventors: 1. Prof Dr. WOLFGAN ROHDE 2. MANFRED ALBEDYHL
The following specification particularly describes
the natures of this invention and the manner in
which it is to be preformed:-
BACKGROUND BF THE IVENTION
1, Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a production plant for producing hot-rolled flat products. The production plant includes a rolling train composed of a plurality of roll stands, a run-out table with devices for cooling the hot strip, and with subsequently arranged coiling machines for coiling the strip.
2. Description of the Related Art
Rolling plants for producing hot-rolled strips are generally constructed and operated today in such a way that the deformation in the individual stands takes place austenitically, this means
that it is ensured that the rolling temperatures in the individual
(A3 line) roll stands are above the GOS line/of the iron/carbon diagram.
Cooling to reeling temperature with a structure transformation in
the cooling stretch or in the wound-up coil takes place only after
the last pass which, for obtaining a fine-grained final structure,
should be as close as possible to the GOS line.
In the case of steels having a carbon content of less than 0.2%, for rolling in accordance with the above-described method,
the final rolling temperature, i.e., the temperature in the last roll stand of the rolling train, is 840" to 920°C, depending on the carbon content. The final rolling temperature is maintained by selecting the final rolling speed, wherein the drive power of the roll stands is capable of controlling the natural cooling of the strip in the rolling train and the supply of heat. This method can be used without problems for strip thicknesses above a minimum strip thickness, which, depending on the type of rolling train, is in the order of magnitude of 1.3min. If the wall thickness drops below this minimum thickness, the required rolling speed reaches values above 12 meter per second, this speed is so high that the scrip can no longer be handled at the free runout on the roller table following the rolling train.
In spite of the problems discussed above, the tendency is to develop smaller final thicknesses; this means that the tendency was to reduce the final rolling temperature in order to facilitate slower rolling speeds. These rolling processes have become known under the name ferritic rolling because they take place at temperatures below the GOS line, i.e., in the range of the alpha, gamma mixed crystals or below the GPS line (border line of homogenous ierritlc crystals) in the ferritic range.
In accordance with a preferred method, a break down rolling is carried out in the austenitic range to an intermediate thickness of
2 to 8 mm and finish rolling is carried out in the ferritic range to Che smallest final thicknesses below 1.3mm. Between these Cwo process stages, the rolling stock must be cooled from Che final rolling temperature in the austenitic range to the rolling temperature in Che ferricic range. This means a cooling from the temperature range of 840°C to 920°C to the Cemperature range of 500°C to 780°C.
The final rolling temperature following the second deforming stage is also in Che range of 600° to 780°c and, thus, in an order of magnitude in which a recrystallization of the structure occurs after reeling in Che wound-up coil. A sCruccure is produced which facilitates the use of the product without further cold deformation or heat treatment.
An essential requirement for a good result is that a minimum cooling time is maintained for cooling from Che ausCenitic range into the ferricic range. This minimum cooling time must be maincained in order Co make it possible thac the transforrnation from ausCenite Co ferrite can Cake place Co sufficienC excent. Depending on the selected temperature, this minimum cooling time for entering the first ferritic transformation is 10 to 200 seconds.
The realization of the above-described process is very-difficult in a conventional rolling train for hot-rolled wide strip. The transformation from the austenicic range into the ferritic range should be carried out in the thickness range of 2mm to 8mm, i.e., in a thickness range in which the rolling stock is approximately in the middle of a conventional finishing train. Since the travel time of the strip from one stand to the next stand in the middle of the finishing train takes only a few seconds, it is possible in principle to realize the cooling, however, it is not possible to realize the time required for the transformation. Accordingly, in a conventional rolling train for rolling hot-rolled wide strip, it is not possible to carry out ferritic rolling in accordance with the above-described method.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
Therefore, it is the primary object of the present invention to provide a production plant for the ferritic rolling of hot strip in which the above-described disadvantages and problems are eliminated. Another object of the invention is to provide a method which makes it possible to carry out finish-rolling of hot strip without problems in the ferritic range.
In accordance with the present invention, in a production plant of the above-described type, the object is met by providing a compact rolling train with one to four roll stands following the reeling unit of a conventionally constructed hot-rolled wide strip train.
The rolling train provided in accordance with the present invention is specifically constructed for the deformation in the ferritic range. Thus, the rolling train is equipped with work roll diameters of less than 500 mm as well as with adjusting circuits and control circuits for obtaining strip tolerances for thickness and planeness as they are required of cold-rolled products.
The various features of novelty which characterize the invention are pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed
to and forming a part of the disclosure. For a better understanding of the invention, its operating advantages, specific objects attained by its use, reference should be had to the drawing and descriptive manner in which there are illustrated and described preferred embodiments of the invention.
Accordingly the present invention relates to a production plant for hot-rolled flat products in the form of strip, the production plant comprising a rolling train having a plurality of roll stands, a run-out table having devices for cooling the strip, and subsequently arranged coiling machines for coiling the strip, fiirther comprising a compact deformation stage located in a rolling direction behind the coiling machines, wherein the compact deformation stage comprises a rolling mill having at least one roll stand for rolling thin strips.
The invention will now be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which;
The single figure of the drawing is a schematic view of a hot strip production plant according to the present invention.
DESCRIPITION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
The drawing shows a conventionally constructed hot-rolled wide strip train 3 which, in the total sequence of the rolling process, carries out the production of an intermediate thickness by rolling in Che austenitic range and the compact ferritic deformation stage 6 carries out final rolling in the ferritic range.
Cooling of the strip having the intermediate thickness from the austenitic range into the ferritic range takes place, in the simplest manner, when the strip travels through the run-out roller table 4 between the austenitic deformation stage 3 and the ferritic deformation stage 5. Because of the length of this roller table, which must be designed for cooling austenitically rolled strips to reeling temperature, the resulting run-through times ensure that the necessary cooling usually occurs in the case of ferritic rolling and that the austenite is converted to ferrite.
If necessary, the cooling units 9 provided for the austenitic rolling process can additionally be utilized for achieving the necessary cooling rate. Should the run-through time from the last austenitic deformation 3.1 to the first ferritic deformation 6.1 not be sufficient for a sufficient conversion from austenite to ferrite, a heated loop storing unit, not shown, is provided.
— wherein the loop storage unit is to be-arranged immediately between the conventional reeling unit 5 and the compact ferritic deformation stage 6.
Reeling units 8 specifically constructed for winding thin strip 7 are arranged immediately following the compact ferritic deformation stage 6. The construction of such units is possible without problems because it is no longer necessary to take into consideration the requirements of thicker strips with respect to local conditions.
A breaking-down train 12, not shown in detail, or a thin slab furnace with casting machine 13, are arranged in front of the first multiple-stand rolling train 3 of the hot strip production plant 1 for austenitic and ferritic rolling.
The present invention results in the total concept of a production plant which permits in an optimum manner the austenitic process as well as the ferritic rolling process.
While specific embodiments of the invention have been shown and described in detail to illustrate the inventive principles, it will be understood that the invention may be embodied otherwise without departing from such principles.
1. A production plant for hot-rolled flat products in the form of strip, the production plant comprising a rolling train having a plurality of roll stands, a run-out table having devices for cooling the strip, and subsequently arranged coiling machines for coiling the strip, further comprising a compact deformation stage located in a rolling direction behind the coiling machines, wherein the compact deformation stage comprises a rolling mill having at least one roll stand for rolling thin strips.
2. The production plant according to claim 1, comprising special coiling machines for coiling thin strips located immediately following the compact deformation stage.
3. The production plant according to claim 1, wherein the rolling train having a plurality of roll stands is contigured to carry out rolling at a temperature of about 840°C to 920°C and the compact deformation stage located following the rolling train in the rolling direction is configured to carrv' out rolling at a temperature of about 600°C to 780°C, and wherein the devices for cooling the strip are configured to cool the strip from the temperature range of 840°C to 920°C temperature to the temperature range of 600°C to 780°C and are arranged in an area of the run-out table between the rolling train and the compact deformation stage.
4. The production plant according to claim 3, comprising a heated storage unit located in front of the compact deformation stage.
5. The production plant according to claim 2, wherein the compact deformation stage comprises one of four-high stands and six-high stands.
6. The production plant according to claim 5, wherein the roll stands of the roiling train have work rolls having a diameter of less than 800 mm.
7. The production plant according to claim 6, wherein the diameter of the work rolls is less than 400 mm.
8. The production pant according to claim 7, wherein the roll stands of the rolling train has back-up rolls for driving the work rolls.
9. The production plant according to claim 7, wherein the roll stands of the rolling train has intermediate rolls for driving the work rolls,
10. A method of producing hot-rolled flat products in the form of strip in a production plant as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, the method comprising the step of operating the rolling train and the compact detbrmation stage such that portions of a hot strip are simultaneously travelling through the rolling train and the compact deformation stage.
11. A production plant for hot-rolled flat production in the form of
strip substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying
12. A method of producing hot-rolled flat products in the form of
strip, substantially as herein described, with reference to the accompanying
|Indian Patent Application Number||1487/MAS/1996|
|PG Journal Number||20/2006|
|Date of Filing||22-Aug-1996|
|Name of Patentee||SMS SCHLOEMANN-SIEMAG AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT|
|Applicant Address||EDUARD-SCHLOEMANN-STRASSE 4 40237 DUSSELDORE|
|PCT International Classification Number||B21D 027/06|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|