|Title of Invention||
|Abstract||A psoriatic sawmill with lateral and longitudinal stability which comprises: (a) first and second end frame means; (b) a pair of longitudinal rails exscinding between the first and second end frame means (c) bracket means for: slidably connecting said rails to said Sirs and second end frame means (d) moving means on said first and second end rammed means said moving means competed lo said bracket means for adjustably moving said rails in unison between upper and lower positions on the end frame means and for retaining said rails in an adjusted position and (e) carriage means for a pivotal saw blade mounting and prime mover, said carriage means engagable with said rails and longitudinally movable thereon. PRICE: THIRTY RUPEES|
|Full Text||His invention relates to a portable sawmill with improved lateral and longitudinal stability,
A timber sawing device comprising a single circular sawbiade, which pivots through 90° to act in both the horizontal and vertical planes, is known. As is known, this sawbiade is mounted together with an engine on a laterally movable carriage which in turn is mounted on a longitudinally movable cross bed which may travel along two rails which the operator has access. Again, as is known, these rails have been mounted on end frames located in a predetermined position and the rails have been manually and independently raised and lowered at the two support points on each end frame.
One object of the invention is to provide a portable sawmill having improved of the frame.
Another object of the invention is to provide a portable sawmill with improved operation and stability of the saw means, ease of erection, assembly and operation, for example, by a single operator even in rough conditions.
Broadly in one aspect of the invention there is provided a portable sawmill with Lateral and longitudinal stability which comprises:
(a) first and second end frame means;
(b) a pair of longitudinal rails extending between the first and second end frame means;
(c) bracket means for slidably connecting said rails to said first and second send frame means;
(d) winding means on said first and second end frame means said winding means including flexible joining means corrected to said bracket means and to idler heel means on each end frame means for adjustably moving said rails in unison between upper and lower positions on the end frame means and for retaining said ails in an adjusted position; and
(e) carriage means for a pivotal saw blade mounting and prime mover, said carriage means engage able with said rails and longitudinally movable thereon.
Preferably brace means are connected to an upper region of one or both vertical members of the end frames the means of connection is such that each brace means may be altered in attitude with respect to its respective vertical member to provide lateral support to the sawmill or to align the sawmill with a log, the brace means being adjustable in length.
In a preferred form each bracket comprises:
a bracket body;
support means adapted to hold a rail; and
sliding means adapted to fit a vertical member and permit the bracket body to be moved up and down the vertical member.
The sawmill further includes a rail supporting means comprising:
(a) a vertically extending braced support; and
a sleeve adapted to sawmill may be supported.
The sawmill preferably further includes drive means which comprises:
an engine having a driveshaft,
the centreline of the driveshaft being mounted below and as close as possible to the axis through which a sawblade forming part of the sawmill pivots.
Still further the sawmill includes movement control means which comprises:
a resilient elbowed strut adapted to travel from a first elbowed position to a second elbowed position through a position in which the strut is straight,
the strut connecting an engine mount to a mount for a saw means through a pivot point,
wherein a rotational force applied to the strut straightens the strut and then rotates it through centre whereby the saw means may take up two stables positions at right angles to each other and travel speed of the strut is controlled between the two stable positions.
According to a second broad aspect there is provided a portable sawmill including:
(a) first and second substantially rectangular end frames, each end frame comprising two horizontal and two vertical members;
(b) separate rails extending longitudinally relative’ to the end frames, each rail being slidably connected by means of a bracket to respective of said vertical members of the first and second end frames;
(c) brackets for shadfly connecting said rails to corresponding first and second ones of said vertical members;
(d) first and second winding means in combination with respective first and second ones of said uppermost horizontal member;
(e) an idler wheel located at a lower end of each vertical member;
(f) flexible joining means for connecting each bracket with the respective
winding means and the respective idler wheel in such a manner that positive
up-and-down movement in unison of the rails at each end frame is achieved
to adjust and retain in an adjusted position the rails at each end frame; and
(g) a carriage for a prime mover and saw blade mounting movably
engagable with said rails.
In the following more detailed description of one embodiment of the invention reference will be made to the accompanying drawings in which:
Fig. 1 is an isometric view from one side of the framework in the set-up position;
Fig. 2 is a similar view to Fig. 1 but refers to the operating position with rails added and brace means turned 90';
Fig. 3 is a similar view to Fig. 2 with the addition of a support means for an engine and saw means;
Fig. 4 is a similar view to Fig. 3 with the addition of the engine and saw means;
Fig. 5 is a front view of an end frame showing the position of winding means;
Fig. 6 is a side view of the end frame of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is a top view of the support means together with the saw means and engine;
Figs. 8 and 9 are successive end views of the saw means and engine illustrated in Fig. 7 and illustrating the use of a strut means;
Fig. 10 is a similar view to Fig. 2 but showing the use of a brace means in connection with a rail; and
Fig. 11 is a side view of the brace means illustrated in Fig. 10. The "flexible joining means" referred to in the specification and claims means such things as rope (natural, synthetic or wire) and chains.
Turning to the drawings, a rectangular framework is indicated generally by numeral 10. The framework includes rectangular end frames 11 and 12. Each end frame comprises upper and lower members 13 and 14 respectively and side members 15 and 16 respectively. In Fig. 1 a telescopic brace means 17 is shown propping each end frame in a substantially upright position. Being telescopic the length of the brace means 17 can be adjusted.
One end of the brace means 17 is coupled to the side member 16 while the other end engages with the ground. The telescopic brace means 17 are shown as lying in a plane substantially at right angles to the plane of the end frame. Brace means 17 thus provide lateral support while assembling the mill.
Side members 15 and 16 are respectively fitted with brackets 18 and 19 which are slidable along the length of the side member. As can be seen in Fig. 1 each bracket has a ledge on which a rail (as hereinafter described) can engaged. A winding means 20 shown associated with the upper member 13 and side member 15 is provided to control the sliding movement of the brackets 18 and 19 as be hereinafter be described.
In Fig. 2 longitudinal rails 21 and 22 are shown as spanning the side members 15 and 16 of the end frames 11 and 12. The longitudinal rails 21 and 22 are engaged with the slidable brackets 18 and 19. Each side rail is accordingly adjustable up or down (as indicated by the arrows in Fig. 2) by movement of the liable brackets 18 and 19 on the side members 15 and 16 respectively.
In Fig. 2 the brace means 17 are shown as located in the operating position such as to provide lateral support whilst sawmilling. As illustrated the brace means 17 have been moved (the coupling of the end of the brace means 17 to the side member 16 being such ag to permit this) so that the braes means 17 basically lies in the plane of the end frame. As indicated by the arrows in Fig. 2, the position of the braes means can bs moved to achieve the best bracing position. When in position the lower end of the brace means 17 is firmly engaged with the ground by a pinning means P shown at the ground engaging end of the brace means.
In Fig. 3 a support means or frame 23 is shown as spanning breakeven the longitudinal rails 21 and 22. This support means provides a carriage for an engine and saw means combination 25 (see Fig. 4). Wheels 24 are provided at each end of the support frame 23 whereupon the support frame 23 is movable on this side rails 21 and 22 in a longitudinal direction relative to the frame 10 as shown by the arrows in Fig. 3. Thus the support frame 23 can be moved along the rails toward or away from the respective end frames 11 and 12.
In Fig. 4 there is shown a further support frame 23a which is mounted by three wheels 74 so that it is movable longitudinally relative to the long side of support frame 23. As will hereinafter be described, this second movable frame 23a supports the engine and saw means combination 25. Thus by a combination of the movement of support frame 23 along rails 21 and 22 and support frame 23a relative o support frame 23 the position of the engine and saw means combination 25 ' elative to frame 10 can be readily adjusted.
Turning now to Figs. 5 and 6 a more detailed illustration of the winding leans 20 is provided. This being shown in combination with end frame 11.
As illustrated the upper member 13 is provided with a stub axle at one end -"hitch is jumbled in bearing 131 mounted with the upper end of side member 16. 'he upper member 13 is further jumbled in a bearing 132 provided at the upper id of side member 15. The end of the upper member 13 engaged in bearing 132 intends beyond the bearing and is provided with a handle arrangement H.
member 13 can be rotated.
Flexible joining means 40 (which for ease of convenience will hereinafter be referred to as "rope 40") is shown wrapped around the rotatable upper member 13 adjacent each of bearings 131 and 132. Rope 40 is attached to a first lug 41 on slidable bracket 18. The other end of rope 40 runs around idler wheel 42 located at the lower end of side member 15 to a secoad lug 43 attached to and positioned about half way up shamble bracket 18. Rope 40 adjacent bearing 131 is similarly coupled with shamble bracket 19.
Thus by rotating handle H and thereby upper member 13, the slidable members 18 and 19 can be simultaneously caused to raise or lower relative to the Direction in which handle H is rotated. The configuration is such that ropes 40 pull ■he sliding members 18 and 19 down when the handle H is rotated for downward movement. Thus the sliding members 18 and 19 do not move down simply under gravity.
Fig. 5 shows in more detail the mounting of the side tails 21 and 22 with )rackets IS and 19 respectively. Referring to rail 21 it will be seen that the rail is )f substantially rectangular cross-section with the lower end thereof resting on edge 70 of bracket 18. Disposed above ledge 70 and also above the upper edge of. ail 21 is a projection or land 71 with which lug 41 is engaged. Threaded through and 71 is a locking bolt B which has it's lower end engaging with the upper surface if rail 21 to provide a downward force to ensure that the rail 21 is locked in position ■n ledge 70. As shown ledge 70 has a lip at its outer end to ensure rail 21 is firmly .eld in place.
As also can be seen in Fig. 5 each wheel 24 is mounted by an axle projecting ram a flange 72 (of an angle piece - see Fig. 7) extending up from the comer of uppers frame 23. Wheel 24 is preferably grooved and engages with the edge of a substantially L shaped rail 73 mounted to the upper edge of side rail 21.
Fig. 5 also shown that each of sliding members 18 and 19 includes a sleeve 2 which is slidably engaged on the side member 15/16. Sleeve 92 is of a
significant length being longer than the depth of rail 21/22. Projection 71 Is attached to the upper end of the sleeve 92.
As can be seen in F\%. 6 members 18/19 also extend well beyond each side of the sleeve 92 and a brace 93 extends from his lower end of sleeve 92 to each outer end of the ledge 70.
As can be more clearly seen in Fig. 7, support frame 23a is movably mounted by what can be termed a tricycle carriage namely two wheels 74 running (in a similar manner to wheels/rails 24/73) on a rail 75 which extends the full length of the long side of support frame 23. Extending for nearly the full length of the other long side of support frame 23 is a further rail 75 on which a single wheel 74 associated with side member 76 of frame 23a is engaged. As can also be seen in rig. 7, one of the wheels 74 is mounted with an extension 76a of the other side Timber 76 of frame 23a.
As can be seen Figs. 7, S and 9 motor 50 is suspended from support frame ^3a. A brace 77 extends from side member 78 of the support frame 23a and :engages with a base or mounting portion 79 of motor 50. Brace 77 provides resistance against movement of motor 50 as a consequence of torque of the motor luring operation.
Motor drive shaft SO has mounted thereon a belt pulley 81 about which belt(s) 2 extend to pulley wheel 83 mounted on shaft S3 of a drive transfer 84 and with .'which is mounted a saw blade 57.
The drive transfer 84 is carried by a saw blade spindle mounting 86 which ; a generally z shaped member as viewed in Fig. 7 pivotally coupled at one end at S to side member 76 of support frame 23a. AJ: arm 89 is attached to the other end f the z shaped member 87. This arm 89 is in turn coupled via pivot mounting SO ) the opposite side frame member 76.
An oil fitted gas strut 53 has the body portion thereof pivotally mounted at 1 to side member 76 while the piston rod 54 is pivotally mounted at 55 to a connecting arm 56 joined to arm 89 of the saw blade spindle mounting 86.
Fig. 7 shows the saw blade 57 in a substantially horizontal position ie. it is substantially parallel to the plane of support frames 23 and 23a. This is the configuration as shown in Fig. 8. However, as will hereafter be explained (he spindle mounting 86 can be caused to pivot about-it's pivots 83 and 90 in the direction as shown in Fig. 8 so that the saw blade 57 can be moved to a substantially vertical position as shown in Fig. 9.
Turning to Figs. 10 and 11 a rail support 60 is supported by a secondary prop 61. A sleeve means 62 joins support 60 to rail 21. This sleeve means 62 is connected to rail 21 by bolt 63. A hole 64 is indicated in the other rail 22 and accommodates a bolt similar to 63 to thereby mount a support 60. A spike 65 is positioned at the lower end of brace support 60 to assist it's placement in the ground. Similarly a spike 65a or similar is used to engage the end of the prop 61 which engages with the ground. This support 60 and prop 61 provides a further bracing to the rails 21 and 22 to thereby further assist in rigidifying the frame 10.
As can be seen in Figs. 8 and 9, the low mounting of engine 50 (and thereby drive shaft 80) relates to the desirability perceived by the inventor of keeping the centre of gravity of the engine close to where the saw 57 engages the timber. Consequently the centre line of the drive shaft 80 is mounted below and as close as possible to the axis through which the saw blade spindle mounting 86 pivots about the pivot mounts 88 and 90.
The strut 53 with connecting link 56 forms a resilient elbowed strut adapted to travel from a first position e.g. Fig. 8 to a second position (e.g. Fig. 9) through a position in which the strut is straight. Thus a rotational force applied to the strut about pivot 91 causes the strut to move from a position to a straight position and then through centre. Consequently the saw blade spindle and hence the saw blade 57 can be moved to take up two stable positions at right angles to each other. The speed of travel between the stable positions is controlled by the oil filled gas strut, the oil modulating the speed of operation of the piston coupled to rod 54.
Preferably a seif-energising brake is combined with one or each of the winding arrangements 20. The self-energising brake is constructed so as to store energy which may be used to provide braking power. Thus such a brake when combined with the winch or winding arrangement controls the operations of the winch and thereby the upward and downward movements.-of the rails 21 and 22 when such are being adjusted in position relative to the end frames II and 12.
Throughout the specification, the term "comprising" shall be taken to have the meaning "including".
1. A portable sawmill comprising
u) first and second end imam means
b) a pair of longitudinal rails expending between the first and second end Irate means:
c) bracket means for slidably connecting said rails to said end frame means
d) winding means on said first and second end frame means said winding
means having flexible joining means connected to said bracket means
on each end frame means for adjustably moving said rails in unison
between upper and lower positions on the end frame means and for
retaining said rails in an adjusted position; and
c) carriage means for a pivotal saw blade mounting and prime mover, said carriage means engageable with said rails and longitudinally movable thereon.
2. The portable sawmill according to claim 1, wherein each said frame means comprises substantially rectangular end frames having two vertical frame members,
3. The portable sawmill as claimed in claim 1, comprising brace means having connection means connected to an upper region of at least one end fiancé means, the connection means being adjustable such that each brace means is movable with respect to its respective end frame means to provide lateral support to tile sawmill or to align the sawmill with a log, the brace means also being adjustable in left
4. The portable sawmill as claimed in claim 1, wherein each bracket means comprises a bracket support means adapted to hold a rail; and sliding niacin. adapted to engage an end frame means to enable the bracket body to be moved vertically on the end frames means.
5. The portable sawmill as claimed in claim 1, comprising a rail bracing means having a vertical extending laterally braced support; and a sleeve adapted to extend at least partially around the braced support and movable thercalong; wherein the sleeve is attachable to one of said rails whereby the and hence the sawmill arc laterally braced.
6. The portable sawmill as claimed in claim I, wherein said prime mover has a motor and drive means having a drive shaft, tile centre line of the drive shaft being mounted and adjacent a saw blade mounting axis about which said saw blade mounting pivots.
7. The portable sawmill as claimed in claim 6, comprising pivot control means which comprises a biased, resilient elbowed strut adapted to travel from a first elbowed position to a second elbowed position through a position in which the stint is straight, the strut connecting said carriage to said saw blade mounting.
8. The port Abu sawmill a.-; claimed in claim I. wherein the carriage has a
support means having wheel means engaged on the rails for longitudinal
movement there along.
9. A portable sawmill substantially as hereinbefore described with reference
To the accompanying drawings.
|Indian Patent Application Number||1174/MAS/1995|
|PG Journal Number||02/2006|
|Date of Filing||11-Sep-1995|
|Name of Patentee||LUCAS, REX CAMERON|
|Applicant Address||RMB 1090 BEECHWORTH VICTORIA 3747|
|PCT International Classification Number||B27B3/10|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|