|Title of Invention||
A CONNECTION DEVICE
|Abstract||(57) Abstract: device This invention relates to a .reconnection / for removable coupling pipes, incorporating a valve Ana an O-ring, wherein the valve, its spring, a fixedly ring and the seat or O-ring constitute an independent assembly which is mounted in the principal piece of the body of the female element. The rear piece of this body is fixed his elastically clipping tongues behind an annular projec¬tion PRICE: THIRTY RUPEES|
The present invention relates to a connection device used for the dismount able coupling of pipes, and in particular to those which comprise two male and female elements fixed at the ends of the pipes to be connected and adapted to fit one in the other, provoking automatic opening of a loaded valve provided inside the female element.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
In known constructions, the body of the female element is generally constituted by the tight assembly of two tubular pieces, ordinarily screwed one in the other, ensuring at the same time assembly of the valve and of the closure spring which is associated therewith, which valve, directly mounted in the core of the body, cooperates with a seat formed by an 0 ring suitably retained inside one of the afore-mentioned pieces.
It will be readily appreciated that such a structure does not lend itself well to automatic assembly employing robots or manipulators. Furthermore, it will be recalled that the shape and dimensions of the rear piece of the body which is intended to be fastened to the end of a pipe, vary as a function of the type of coupling envisaged, which obviously complicates storage of the connections if it is desired to have a wide range of products available.
It is an object of the present invention to overcome '
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention therefore relates to a device
connection/for removably coupling pipes, of the type in which the tubular body of the female element, constitu¬ted by the tight assembly of a principal piece and a rear piece, contains a valve which is associated with an 0-ring forming seat and with a closure spring and which is brought into position of opening during fit
of the male element in said female element, characterized in that the valve itself, an outer ring which surrounds it, the 0-ring which is borne by the front end of this ring, and the spring which is maintained between the valve and said ring, form an independent assembly which, up to fastening of the rear piece of the body, is main¬tained axially in the axial bore of the principal piece, by friction of the deformable wall of the 0-ring or seat against the smooth wall of said bore.
In other words, the valve, an outer ring which sur¬rounds it, the closure spring which is maintained between said valve-bearing ring and the valve, and the 0-ring or seat mounted on the valve-bearing ring, is in the form of an independent assembly adapted to be introduced as a whole inside the body of the female element and to be retained in place therein up to fastening of the rear’ tubular piece of said body, by friction of the defor¬mable periphery of the 0-ring or seat against the smooth wall of the bore of the body which contains said assembly, which fastening may be obtained by . BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE/DRAWINGS
The invention will be more readily understood on reading the following description with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 shows the three principal assemblies consti¬tuting the female element of a quick connection according to the invention, before they are assembled.
Figure 2 is an axial section on a larger scale of the loaded valve assembly.
Figure 3 is a transverse section along plane III-III of Figure 2.
Figure 4 is an axial section of the female element finally produced, with the male element in the fitted position.
DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
It has been assumed that the quick connection in question was of the type as described in Applicants' French Patent Application No. 95/00612 filed on January 16, 1995 for "Quick safety connection for removable coup¬ling of pipes", to which reference may be made for more structural details.
It will simply be recalled that, in this type of connection, the locking mechanism intended for axially immobilizing the male element comprises two concentric sets of clasps 1 and 2 (Figure 1) controlled by a sliding manoeuvring sleeve 3 associated with a return spring 4.
However, it must be observed that the present inven¬tion is applicable to all types of quick connections incorporating a loaded valve, whatever the arrangement of the mechanism intended for locking the male element inside the female element.
Referring to the drawings, the female element of the connection according to the invention is formed by three principal assemblies referenced A, B and C respective¬ly in Figure 1.
Assembly A essentially comprises a tubular piece 5 which is equipped with the locking mechanism 1-2-3-4 mentioned hereinabove. This piece 5, completed by an inner 0-ring 6 intended to be housed in an annular cavity 5_a in its axial bore 5', receives the assembly B which has been shown in detail in Figures 2 and 3.
As shown, this assembly B comprises a valve constitu¬ted by a sliding sleeve 7 which bears at one of its ends a suitably profiled obscuration head 7_a, Near its opposite
end, the sleeve or valve 7 is provided with a ring 7b which is perforated along its longitudinal axis for assem¬bly and guiding of an outer valve-bearing ring 8, split longitudinally to leave room for the radial arms 7£ defined
by the perforations of the sleeve. A spring 9, engaged on the valve-bearing ring 8 between a shoulder Bja thereof and the ring 7b of the sleeve 7, tends to push the latter and to apply its head 7^ elastically against a seat for tightness borne by said ring 8. This seat is constituted by an 0-ring 10 made of natural or synthetic elastomer.
It will be observed that the seat or 0-ring 10 is sectioned to comprise, on the one hand, an annular cavity adapted to centre on a corresponding projection 8b provided on the terminal face of the ring 8, on the other hand a projecting lip 10^.
It will be appreciated that the bearing of head 7_a against ring 8 limits axial displacement of valve 7 under the effect of spring 9, this latter itself ensuring hold of said ring in place. Under these conditions, assem¬bly B behaves as a single independent assembly whose constituent parts cannot be released from one another in untimely fashion.
This independent assembly B may thus be introduced axially in the rear opening of bore 5' of the principal tubular piece 5 of assembly A, in the manner illustrated in Figure 4. The shoulder 8_a abuts against an inner shoul¬der 5b of piece 5, enclosing 0-ring 6 which is thus main¬tained in cavity 5a. It is important to observe that, due to its projecting nature, the peripheral lip 10_a of ring 10 is wedged in the axial bore of piece 5, so that assembly B is retained in place by friction inside assembly A.
This assembly A, provided with assembly B, may thus be stored as it is in order to be equipped, at the oppor¬tune moment, with assembly C. The latter is in fact consti¬tuted by a tubular piece 11 whose front part is intended to engage in the rear opening of the bore 5' of the princi¬pal piece 5, while its rear part is sectioned to ensure fixation thereof to the end of a pipe.
Piece 11 may be conventionally fixed in piece 5 by screwing and/or adhesion. However, according to a particularly advantageous characteristic of the invention, the inner wall of the axial bore 5' of piece 5 has a series of longitudinal tongues 5£ cut out therein, oriented obliquely, inwardly and forwardly. Taking into account this oblique orientation, these tongues 5c are deformed when piece 11 is axially engaged by force in bore 5' of piece 5 and return elastically to clip behind an annular projection 11^ provided to that end on the periphery of said piece 11. Any dismantling of the latter is thus impossible, it being observed that no special tools are required for assembly which can therefore be effected very simply when the connections are delivered.
It will be noted that the seat or 0-ring 10 simulta¬neously ensures tightness of the assembly of the two pieces 5 and 11 which form the body of the female element, by bearing and gripping between the shoulder 8_a and the terminal edge of the piece 11.
Functioning of valve 7-7_a is otherwise identical to that of conventional valves, in that it is axially pushed into position of opening when the male element 12 of the connection is fitted in the body 5-11 of the female element.
It will be appreciated that assembly B may be retained by friction, no longer by providing a projecting annular lip 10a, but by giving the periphery of the 0-ring 10 an accentuated deformability adapted to ensure friction against the wall of the bore 5'.
1. A connection device for removably coupling pipes, of the type in tubular body of the female element, constituted by the tight assembly of a principal piece and a rear piece contains a valve which is associated with an O-ring forming seat and with a closure spring and which is brought into position of opening during fit of the male element in said female element, wherein the valve itself, an outer ring which surrounds it, tile O-ring which is biome by the front end of this ring, and the spring which is maintained between the valve and said ring, form an independent assembly which, up to fastening of the rear piece of the body, is maintained axially in the axial bore of the principal piece, by friction of the defomiable wall of the O-ring or seat against the smooth wall of said bore.
2. The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the seat comprises a projecting annular lip.
3. Tlie device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the terminal face of the outer ring comprises an annular projection which cooperates with a corresponding annular cavity made in the O-ring to ensure centering thereof on the ring.
4. The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the O-ring ensures, by bearing and gripping between an outer shoulder of the ring and tlie ternunal edge of the rear piece, tight assembly of the two pieces which form the body of the female element.
5. The device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the rear piece of the body of the
female element is fixed in the principal piece by elastic clipping.
6. The device as claimed in claim 5, wherein tlie inner wall of the axial bore of
the principal piece has longitudinal tongues cut out therein, oriented obliquely
to be elastically deformed and applied against the periphery' of the piece behind
an annular projection thereof
7. A connection device substantially as herein described with reference to tlie
|Indian Patent Application Number||680/MAS/1996|
|PG Journal Number||30/2009|
|Date of Filing||23-Apr-1996|
|Name of Patentee||M/S. STAUBLI FA VERGES|
|Applicant Address||74210 FAVERGES,|
|PCT International Classification Number||F16L 037/28|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|